Name: Understanding Viruses. HIV, Herpes, Influenza, small pox, chicken pox, measles, mumps, bird flu, swine flu.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Name: Understanding Viruses. HIV, Herpes, Influenza, small pox, chicken pox, measles, mumps, bird flu, swine flu."

Transcription

1 Name: Understanding Viruses Section 1 1. List as many viruses as you can. HIV, Herpes, Influenza, small pox, chicken pox, measles, mumps, bird flu, swine flu. 2. How do viruses reproduce? (aside from the video explanation, see pgs in the text). They inject their DNA into living cells and use the cell s machinery to manufacture more virus. Viruses can exist in two different ways: the lytic cycle and the lysogenic cycle. (see the shared folder for a diagram comparing the two or pg ). Some viruses go through just the lytic cycle, just the lysogenic cycle and some go through both. 3. Explain how World War I contributed to the flu pandemic of 1918? For the first time in history, large numbers of people from different parts of the world came in direct contact with each other. More people died from infectious disease during the war than soldiers killed in action

2 4. Who was immune to small pox? Why were they immune? Milkmaids were immune to small pox because of their exposure to cow pox; a condition similar enough to small pox that allowed them to develop antibodies. 5. Explain the work of Edward Jenner. He extracted the fluids from the blisters of cow pox victims and injected his son with it. He then exposed his son to a live small pox virus, and though he suffered a mild sickness, lived. This was the first vaccination 6. How are flu vaccines made? Flu viruses are grown in chicken embryos. After a while, they become adapted to living in chicken cells rather than human cells. When a human is injected, the virus initiates a response from the immune system. 7. Explain the work of Jonas Salk? Jonas Salk created the polio vaccine. His approach was different than Edward Jenner in that he did not use a live form of the disease. This would become the modern way to produce vaccines for many other diseases

3 Section 2 1. What are some ways to fight against viruses? Immunizations at birth and then booster shots throughout your life. Sanitation is also important. Finally, education is crucial, so you know how to avoid the virus in the first place. The number one reason there are millions of AIDS cases in Africa is lack of education. 2. What disease went extinct? When did this happen? Small pox became extinct in 1978 after the last patient was immunized for it. There are two labs that house smallpox virus; one in the U.S. and the other is in Russia. There has been pressure from many organizations to destroy these last remnants. (Smallpox virus) 3. What are viral emergents? Viral emergents are old viruses looking for new hosts. As people push into new habitats, one real concern is the release of new viruses to our bodies that have no protection against them.

4 4. Why is it so important for virologists to study life forms in tropical rainforests? Many species are unknown and may be hosts to new, unidentified viruses that could affect us. By studying these life forms and the viruses that live in them, we will be better prepared to deal with them. 5. What is HIV? Where did it originate and how did it spread? Human Immunodeficiency Virus destroys your immune system. It began in monkeys and spread from local villages to larger populations. Coupled with world travel and specific behaviors, this led to the AIDS epidemic of the 1980 s. (HIV 100 billionths of a meter!) 6. How might viruses help cure genetic disease? Provide a specific example. Viruses can be used in genetic engineering. Specifically, they can act as delivery systems for genes we want placed in a cell. People with cystic fibrosis (a disease of the lungs) are responding well to a treatment whereby the common cold virus has been engineered to deliver working copies of the mutant gene. Tobacco plants are also being used to make antibodies to treat Ebola infections (ZMAPP)

5 Things you may want to check out on your own.

CHAPTER 8: ERADICATING INFECTIOUS DISEASES

CHAPTER 8: ERADICATING INFECTIOUS DISEASES CHAPTER 8: ERADICATING INFECTIOUS DISEASES The toll from infectious diseases in the U.S. was huge not long ago. Vaccines and drugs have been profoundly successful in reducing this scourge. Yet we have

More information

How the Vaccine is Made. Vaccine Protects. Similar Pathogen. Toxoid Vaccine. Heat Killed Vaccine. Naked DNA Vaccine.

How the Vaccine is Made. Vaccine Protects. Similar Pathogen. Toxoid Vaccine. Heat Killed Vaccine. Naked DNA Vaccine. Name: Date: Period: Making Background: A vaccine against a disease works by generating an immune response in the body against some kind of pathogen a virus, bacterium or some other agent that causes the

More information

Single celled organisms

Single celled organisms Single celled organisms Single Celled Organisms Some organisms, unlike plants and animals, consist of only one cell. These organisms are said to be unicellular An amoeba is another name given to an organism

More information

Opening Activity # 1: Opening Activity # 2: Latin Root Word #1: Latin Root Word #2: Review of Old Information: N/A New Information:

Opening Activity # 1: Opening Activity # 2: Latin Root Word #1: Latin Root Word #2: Review of Old Information: N/A New Information: Section: 1.4 Opening Activity # 1: Name: Opening Activity # 2: Latin Root Word #1: Latin Root Word #2: Review of Old Information: N/A New Information: Emerging Viruses: 1)West Nile Virus 2)HIV 3)Ebola

More information

T h. Immunity. Why? Model 1 Cell Mediated Response. How does our immune system protect us from disease?

T h. Immunity. Why? Model 1 Cell Mediated Response. How does our immune system protect us from disease? Why? Immunity How does our immune system protect us from disease? One way in which organisms maintain homeostasis is by detecting foreign cells and particles like pathogens and cancer cells. Once the pathogen

More information

Viruses. The art of moving DNA around without sex. Pages:

Viruses. The art of moving DNA around without sex. Pages: Viruses The art of moving DNA around without sex Pages: 82 209-210 238-240 Viruses, too small to see with a light microscope (EM works though) Viruses are found everywhere (1 oz of sewage can contain 1

More information

Benefits of biomedical research

Benefits of biomedical research Benefits of biomedical research Analyze biomedical research. Analyze the benefits of biomedical research. BCT (2005) 1 Contributions to human health Aids research continues Benefits to human health 2 Contributions

More information

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE CONCEPTS: BIO113 1

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE CONCEPTS: BIO113 1 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCE CONCEPTS: BIO113 1 There are 4 portions of this review a list of objectives, a table of diseases, sample multiple choice questions, and general questions. Your notes are the most important

More information

Exploring Infectious Diseases Assessments

Exploring Infectious Diseases Assessments Exploring Infectious Diseases Assessments The following set of assessments includes questions that can be given for homework or as quizzes depending upon how much and in what depth the material in the

More information

GRADE 8 STUDY PACKET IMMUNE SYSTEM SC.6.L.14.5 AA

GRADE 8 STUDY PACKET IMMUNE SYSTEM SC.6.L.14.5 AA GRADE 8 STUDY PACKET IMMUNE SYSTEM SC.6.L.14.5 AA SC.6.L.14.5 AA Identify and investigate the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, reproductive,

More information

VIRUSES. Viruses are not classified in any kingdom yet because they are not really alive. They only show signs of life after they infect a host cell.

VIRUSES. Viruses are not classified in any kingdom yet because they are not really alive. They only show signs of life after they infect a host cell. VIRUSES Viruses are not classified in any kingdom yet because they are not really alive. They only show signs of life after they infect a host cell. Virus: lifeless particle that does not carry out any

More information

Bacteria vs. Virus: What s the Difference? Grade 11-12

Bacteria vs. Virus: What s the Difference? Grade 11-12 Bacteria vs. Virus: What s the Difference? Grade 11-12 Subject: Biology Topic: Bacteria, viruses, and the differences between them. The role that water plays in spreading bacteria and viruses, and the

More information

Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014)

Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014) Immunology Ambassador Guide (updated 2014) Immunity and Disease We will talk today about the immune system and how it protects us from disease. Also, we ll learn some unique ways that our immune system

More information

CHAPTER 35 HUMAN IMMUNE SYSTEM STANDARDS:SC.912.L.14.52 & SC.912.L.14.6

CHAPTER 35 HUMAN IMMUNE SYSTEM STANDARDS:SC.912.L.14.52 & SC.912.L.14.6 CHAPTER 35 HUMAN IMMUNE SYSTEM STANDARDS:SC.912.L.14.52 & SC.912.L.14.6 SECTION 1 - Infectious Disease 1.Identify the causes of infectious disease. 2.Explain how infectious diseases are spread. Causes

More information

Chapter 21. What Are HIV and AIDS?

Chapter 21. What Are HIV and AIDS? Section 1 HIV and AIDS Today What Are HIV and AIDS? Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is the virus that primarily affects cells of the immune system and that causes AIDS. Acquired immune deficiency syndrome

More information

X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary

X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary X-Plain Avian Influenza or Bird Flu Reference Summary Introduction Avian influenza is an infection caused by avian influenza viruses. Avian means bird and flu is an abbreviation of influenza. Avian flu

More information

Recognition of a host cell Attachment is a specific process

Recognition of a host cell Attachment is a specific process Viruses: The Ultimate Parasites Reading How many childhood diseases can you recall having: mumps, measles, German measles? A generation ago or so ago, these diseases attacked mainly children and were extremely

More information

Common Infectious Diseases. Chapter 28 Lesson 2

Common Infectious Diseases. Chapter 28 Lesson 2 Common Infectious Diseases Chapter 28 Lesson 2 Respiratory Infections Respiratory tract infections are infections of the breathing passages, which range from the nose to the alveoli of the lungs. Most

More information

Multiple Choice Questions

Multiple Choice Questions C hapter 13 WHY DO WE FALL ILL Multiple Choice Questions 1. Which one of the following is not a viral disease? (a) Dengue (b) AIDS (c) Typhoid (d) Influenza 2. Which one of the following is not a bacterial

More information

Enter this essay in the English Language Learner (for 5 years or less of English) category: _X_ Yes

Enter this essay in the English Language Learner (for 5 years or less of English) category: _X_ Yes Date: 2/24/2015 Student Name: Nikita Skiba Title of Essay: HIV/AIDS treatments Teacher s Name: Cheryl McClure School Name: International School School Address: 445 128th Ave SE Bellevue WA 98005 Enter

More information

Ask them what s the worst epidemics nowadays and what they know about it (Ebola).

Ask them what s the worst epidemics nowadays and what they know about it (Ebola). Focus on activity: Massive Diseases vocabulary Target audience (age): Ensino Médio Lesson link: Upgrade, Unit 22, ENEM practice Aim: reading comprehension strategies with focus on epidemics Duration: 30-40

More information

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells.

10. T and B cells are types of a. endocrine cells. c. lymphocytes. b. platelets. d. complement cells. Virus and Immune System Review Directions: Write your answers on a separate piece of paper. 1. Why does a cut in the skin threaten the body s nonspecific defenses against disease? a. If a cut bleeds, disease-fighting

More information

Viruses and Prokaryotes

Viruses and Prokaryotes Viruses and Prokaryotes Cellular Basis of Life Q: Are all microbes that make us sick made of living cells? 20.1 What is a virus? WHAT I KNOW SAMPLE ANSWER: A virus is a tiny particle that can make people

More information

HSA Consumer Guide. Understanding Vaccines, Vaccine Development and Production. www.hsa.gov.sg November 2009. How a Vaccine Works.

HSA Consumer Guide. Understanding Vaccines, Vaccine Development and Production. www.hsa.gov.sg November 2009. How a Vaccine Works. November 2009 Understanding Vaccines, Vaccine Development and Production Vaccines, in general, help protect people from harmful infections before they come in contact with the disease. Vaccines may also

More information

MIAMI DADE COLLEGE MEDICAL CAMPUS SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet

MIAMI DADE COLLEGE MEDICAL CAMPUS SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet MEDICAL CAMPUS SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet Student Name (Print) Student Number The information in this 8 - page packet must

More information

The State Hospital HIV / AIDS

The State Hospital HIV / AIDS The State Hospital HIV / AIDS The red ribbon is the international symbol of HIV & AIDS awareness. What is HIV? HIV stands for Human Immunodeficiency Virus: H is for Human - This virus infects human beings.

More information

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary

X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary X-Plain H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu) Reference Summary Introduction H1N1 flu, also called swine flu, is a respiratory disease of pigs that has now spread to humans. Swine refers to animals such as pigs, hogs,

More information

LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS?

LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS? LARGE PRINT VERSION. PRINT A4 SIZE (TEXT >16pt) PREGNANT? LUNG DISEASE? HEART DISEASE? CANCER? OBESITY? DIABETES? LONG-TERM ILLNESS? SWINE IT STOPS FOR YOU Getting the Swine Flu vaccine will protect you

More information

7.013 Spring 2005 Problem Set 7 FRIDAY May 6th, 2005

7.013 Spring 2005 Problem Set 7 FRIDAY May 6th, 2005 MI Department of Biology 7.013: Introductory Biology - Spring 2005 Instructors: Professor Hazel Sive, Professor yler Jacks, Dr. Claudette Gardel Question 1 7.013 Spring 2005 Problem Set 7 RIDAY May 6th,

More information

20.3 Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses

20.3 Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses 20.3 Diseases Caused by Bacteria and Viruses Lesson Objectives Explain how bacteria cause disease. Explain how viruses cause disease. Define emerging disease and explain why emerging diseases are a threat

More information

Lesson 8 Part 3. A Word about Viruses

Lesson 8 Part 3. A Word about Viruses Ruth Sundeen Lesson 8 Part 3 Help Your Students Learn Ages: Eighth grade to high school senior Topics: Cellular Reproduction gets hijacked: a word about viruses Science in Scripture Greetings and felicitations

More information

Viruses, Archaea and Bacteria

Viruses, Archaea and Bacteria Viruses, Archaea and Bacteria Viruses and Viroids Features of Prokaryotes Bacterial Diversity Archaeal Diversity Viruses A virus is a noncellular infectious agent Ø Consists of a protein coat around a

More information

Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby. Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella)

Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby. Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella) Pregnant? There are many ways to help protect you and your baby Immunise against: Flu (Influenza) Whooping cough (Pertussis) German measles (Rubella) mmunisation This leaflet describes the vaccinations

More information

Theme-Integrated Lesson Plans

Theme-Integrated Lesson Plans Theme-Integrated Lesson Plans Title: Attack of the Viruses! Grade: 9-10 Subject: Biology Length of Lesson: 2 Blocks Standards: North Carolina Standard Course of Study Objective 4.03 Assess, describe and

More information

Immunity Unit Test Z

Immunity Unit Test Z Immunity Unit Test Z Name MB Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Which of the pathogens in Figure 31.1 cause disease by taking over healthy

More information

Vaccination is the only protection. BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE.

Vaccination is the only protection.  BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. Vaccination is the only protection. www.immunisation.ie BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. FLU VACCINE 2011-2012 INFORMATION FOR PREGNANT WOMEN What is seasonal flu (influenza)? Seasonal flu is a highly infectious

More information

SETMA: Ebola, EMR Herd Immunity and Ethics By James L. Holly, MD Your Life Your Health The Examiner October 23, 2014

SETMA: Ebola, EMR Herd Immunity and Ethics By James L. Holly, MD Your Life Your Health The Examiner October 23, 2014 SETMA: Ebola, EMR Herd Immunity and Ethics By James L. Holly, MD Your Life Your Health The Examiner October 23, 2014 Each unit of the United States healthcare team has a unique function in preparation

More information

VACCINES ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO BE HEALTHY

VACCINES ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO BE HEALTHY VACCINES ONE OF THE BEST WAYS TO BE HEALTHY Vaccines What you need to know: Polio (IPOL/OPV) Tetanus or Tdap Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis A/B MMR (Measles/Mumps/ Rubella) Gardasil for Cancer Prevention

More information

What Are HIV & AIDS? Together, we can change the course of the HIV epidemic one woman at a time.

What Are HIV & AIDS? Together, we can change the course of the HIV epidemic one woman at a time. What Are HIV & AIDS? Together, we can change the course of the HIV epidemic one woman at a time. #onewomanatatime #thewellproject What Is HIV? HIV stands for: Human Immunodeficiency Virus HIV is the virus

More information

Spread of an Infectious Disease

Spread of an Infectious Disease Teacher Preparation Notes for Some Similarities between the Spread of an Infectious Disease and Population Growth Dr. Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania,

More information

Bioinformatics. Viruses, etc

Bioinformatics. Viruses, etc Bioinformatics, etc David Gilbert Bioinformatics Research Centre www.brc.dcs.gla.ac.uk Department of Computing Science, University of Glasgow Incorporating notes by Ali Al-Shahib, David Leader, and Wikipaedia

More information

Immune System and Disease

Immune System and Disease Immune System and Disease Homeostasis Q: How does the body fight against invading organisms that may disrupt homeostasis? WHAT I KNOW WHAT I LEARNED 35.1 How do people catch infectious diseases? SAMPLE

More information

Factors that Increase the Risk of Disease

Factors that Increase the Risk of Disease 3A 8 th Grade Teacher Notes Disease Prevention Name Teacher Block SOL 8.1f) Explain the roles of preventive health measures, immunization, and treatment in disease prevention. SOL 8.1h) Identify pathogenic,

More information

Viruses. Viral components: Capsid. Chapter 10: Viruses. Viral components: Nucleic Acid. Viral components: Envelope

Viruses. Viral components: Capsid. Chapter 10: Viruses. Viral components: Nucleic Acid. Viral components: Envelope Viruses Chapter 10: Viruses Lecture Exam #3 Wednesday, November 22 nd (This lecture WILL be on Exam #3) Dr. Amy Rogers Office Hours: MW 9-10 AM Too small to see with a light microscope Visible with electron

More information

Name Date Class. This section explains what kinds of organisms cause infectious disease and how infectious diseases are spread.

Name Date Class. This section explains what kinds of organisms cause infectious disease and how infectious diseases are spread. Fighting Disease Name Date Class Infectious Disease This section explains what kinds of organisms cause infectious disease and how infectious diseases are spread. Use Target Reading Skills Before you read,

More information

The Immune System and Disease

The Immune System and Disease Chapter 40 The Immune System and Disease Section 40 1 Infectious Disease (pages 1029 1033) This section describes the causes of disease and explains how infectious diseases are transmitted Introduction

More information

B1 1 Keeping Healthy. 111 minutes. 111 marks. Page 1 of 36

B1 1 Keeping Healthy. 111 minutes. 111 marks. Page 1 of 36 B Keeping Healthy minutes marks Page of 36 Q. A child has a sore throat. The mother takes the child to the doctor. The doctor says that the child has a bacterial infection. Explain how the infection makes

More information

TWENTY FIRST CENTURY SCIENCE A221/01 BIOLOGY A Unit 1: Modules B1 B2 B3 (Foundation Tier)

TWENTY FIRST CENTURY SCIENCE A221/01 BIOLOGY A Unit 1: Modules B1 B2 B3 (Foundation Tier) F GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION TWENTY FIRST CENTURY SCIENCE A221/01 BIOLOGY A Unit 1: Modules B1 B2 B3 (Foundation Tier) *OCE/15910* Candidates answer on the Question Paper A calculator may

More information

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE.

BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. DON T GET OR GIVE THE FLU THIS YEAR THANK YOU Vaccination is the only protection. www.immunisation.ie BE SURE. BE SAFE. VACCINATE. FLU VACCINE 2013-2014 Healthcare workers prevent the spread of flu and

More information

Viruses. Early events. Overview. Virus Characteristics. Growth of Viruses. Viral Entry. Microbiology Chapters 16-18

Viruses. Early events. Overview. Virus Characteristics. Growth of Viruses. Viral Entry. Microbiology Chapters 16-18 Overview Viruses Microbiology Chapters 16-18 18 What is a virus? Genetic element within a protein coat that requires a host cell for replication, and has an extracellular phase (virion( virion). Virus

More information

Swine Influenza Special Edition Newsletter

Swine Influenza Special Edition Newsletter Swine Influenza Newsletter surrounding swine flu, so that you ll have the right facts to make smart decisions for yourself and your family. While the World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for

More information

- In 1519, Hernan Cortes landed in Mexico, followed by more Spaniards from Cuba a year later.

- In 1519, Hernan Cortes landed in Mexico, followed by more Spaniards from Cuba a year later. Smallpox I. Introduction In 1518, the Aztec Empire included about 30 million people. By 1568, the estimates are that only 3 million people remained in the area covered by the Aztec Empire. What happened?

More information

Microbiology (infectious diseases, aseptic technique, WBCs and the immune response)

Microbiology (infectious diseases, aseptic technique, WBCs and the immune response) Microbiology (infectious diseases, aseptic technique, WBCs and the immune response) 9 minutes 9 marks Page of 42 Q. (a) Microorganisms can be grown on agar jelly in a Petri dish. List A gives three actions

More information

HIV AND AIDS for CNA's & HHA's

HIV AND AIDS for CNA's & HHA's HIV AND AIDS for CNA's & HHA's INTRODUCTION The human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a virus that is transmitted through sexual contact or contact with infected blood. Infection with HIV is one of the

More information

Chapter 10: Genetics of Viruses

Chapter 10: Genetics of Viruses Chapter 10: Genetics of Viruses Student Learning Objectives Upon completion of this chapter you should be able to: 1. Understand the structure and genomic composition of viruses. 2. Distinguish between

More information

2) Macrophages function to engulf and present antigen to other immune cells.

2) Macrophages function to engulf and present antigen to other immune cells. Immunology The immune system has specificity and memory. It specifically recognizes different antigens and has memory for these same antigens the next time they are encountered. The Cellular Components

More information

Basics of HIV / AIDS

Basics of HIV / AIDS HIV / AIDS Workplace Intervention Programme Basics of HIV / AIDS HIV / AIDS Scenario in India and Major Trends 2.5 million estimated infections in India at the end of 2006 (Source: National AIDS Control

More information

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2

2 P age. Babies from Birth to Age 2 Contents Babies from Birth to Age 2... 2 Vaccines give parents the power... 2 Vaccines are recommended throughout our lives... 3 Talk to your doctor... 3 Vaccines are very safe... 3 Whooping Cough (Pertussis)...

More information

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (October 2008)

This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (October 2008) Avian influenza From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. Please improve this article if you can. (October 2008) Avian influenza, sometimes

More information

SWINE FLU 1: INTRODUCTION

SWINE FLU 1: INTRODUCTION Created by LifeWind International Date: 4/09 (1 HOUR) OBJECTIVES: After working through this lesson, participants will be able to: 1. Describe swine flu. 2. Tell how swine flu is spread. 3. Briefly describe

More information

If you have a cold or the flu, you can spread the sickness to someone else. How does the sickness spread? Write your ideas on the lines below.

If you have a cold or the flu, you can spread the sickness to someone else. How does the sickness spread? Write your ideas on the lines below. The Immune System Textbook pages 100 109 Before You Read Section 3.1 Summary If you have a cold or the flu, you can spread the sickness to someone else. How does the sickness spread? Write your ideas on

More information

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE

COMMUNICABLE DISEASE Public Health Activities & Services Inventory Technical Notes COMMUNICABLE DISEASE CLINICAL SERVICES, SURVEILLANCE AND CONTROL In 2014, decision was made to adopt number of national public health activities

More information

Introduction to Activity 3. Biotechnology and Human Health

Introduction to Activity 3. Biotechnology and Human Health Introduction to Activity 3 Biotechnology and Human Health Biotechnology and You Background Biotechnology is used to: Diagnose disease Prevent disease Treat disease How can biotechnology diagnose disease?

More information

Novel A/H1N1. About causing agent. Swine influenza in humans. What is it?

Novel A/H1N1. About causing agent. Swine influenza in humans. What is it? Novel A/H1N1 About causing agent What is it? It is a new strain of Influenza virus A/H1N1. There have been reports of influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe pneumonia cases in Mexico, USA and Canada.

More information

School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES

School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES School of Health & Rehabilitation Sciences INFORMATION FOR HEALTH CARE STUDENTS RE: VACCINATIONS AND INFECTIOUS DISEASES Adults as well as children need protection against infectious diseases. As Health

More information

KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. binomial nomenclature

KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. binomial nomenclature Section 17.1: The Linnaean System of Classification Unit 9 Study Guide KEY CONCEPT Organisms can be classified based on physical similarities. VOCABULARY taxonomy taxon binomial nomenclature genus MAIN

More information

Overview of Viruses. Dr. Angela M. Shaw Assistant Professor of Food Science and Human Nutrition Food Safety Extension and Outreach Specialist

Overview of Viruses. Dr. Angela M. Shaw Assistant Professor of Food Science and Human Nutrition Food Safety Extension and Outreach Specialist Overview of Viruses Dr. Angela M. Shaw Assistant Professor of Food Science and Human Nutrition Food Safety Extension and Outreach Specialist Viruses Dmitri Iwanowski - 1892 Experiments with tobacco plants

More information

Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans, more commonly called bacteria. Notes ways that both affect our lives.

Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans, more commonly called bacteria. Notes ways that both affect our lives. #9470 VIRUSES AND MONERANS VISUAL LEARNING COMPANY 2001 Grade Levels: 9-12 20 minutes 4 Instructional Graphics Enclosed DESCRIPTION Outlines the characteristics, shapes, and structures of viruses and monerans,

More information

Explanation of Immunization Requirements

Explanation of Immunization Requirements Explanation of Immunization Requirements CONTENTS Hepatitis A... 2 Hepatitis B... 3 Influenza... 4 Measles (Rubella), Mumps, and Rubella (MMR)... 5 Pertussis (Tdap)... 6 Tuberculosis (TB) Test... 7 Varicella/Chicken

More information

Module 1: The liver and hepatitis viruses

Module 1: The liver and hepatitis viruses Module 1: The liver and hepatitis viruses Module 1: The liver and hepatitis viruses Session goal This introductory session will provide a basis for the training programme by providing an overview of the

More information

10/21/2010. Chapter 13. Ch. 13 Topics. Medical Importance of Viruses

10/21/2010. Chapter 13. Ch. 13 Topics. Medical Importance of Viruses Chapter 13 Viruses, Viroids, and Prions J. Meléndez Lectures prepared by Christine L. Case Ch. 13 Topics Structure Multiplication Cultivation and replication of bacteriophages and animal viruses Non-viral

More information

BBS2711 Virology RESPIRATORY VIRUSES. Dr Paul Young, Department of Microbiology & Parasitology. Respiratory Viruses

BBS2711 Virology RESPIRATORY VIRUSES. Dr Paul Young, Department of Microbiology & Parasitology. Respiratory Viruses BBS2711 Virology RESPIRATORY VIRUSES Dr Paul Young, Department of Microbiology & Parasitology. p.young@mailbox.uq.edu.au Respiratory Viruses Respiratory tract is major route of invasion for a wide range

More information

How your Body Defends against the Avian Flu Virus

How your Body Defends against the Avian Flu Virus How your Body Defends against the Avian Flu Virus Elliott J. Blumenthal IPFW- Department of Biology 481-6004 blumenth@ipfw.edu http://users.ipfw.edu/blumenth/ How to become resistant to getting Flu Actually

More information

Species at war. Information sheets and question sheets. Science: Biology. Microorganisms, pathogens and the body s defences.

Species at war. Information sheets and question sheets. Science: Biology. Microorganisms, pathogens and the body s defences. Species at war Information sheets and question sheets Subject(s): Science: Biology Age group(s): 12 14 Topic(s): Microorganisms, pathogens and the body s defences Source This resource was originally developed

More information

The * Immune System and Disease

The * Immune System and Disease The * Immune System and Disease pre 1600s - cause of disease not known Punishment from God, bad luck, bad air, witchcraft, curses, maternal impressions etc. After 1600s, microscopy and germ theory of disease

More information

Why use passive immunity?

Why use passive immunity? Vaccines Active vs Passive Immunization Active is longer acting and makes memory and effector cells Passive is shorter acting, no memory and no effector cells Both can be obtained through natural processes:

More information

MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS

MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Government of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago MINISTRY OF HEALTH PANDEMIC INFLUENZA A / H1N1 2009 VACCINE FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS Influenza vaccines are one of the most effective ways to protect

More information

Vaccination: It s what your child would choose. Your guide to childhood vaccinations.

Vaccination: It s what your child would choose. Your guide to childhood vaccinations. Vaccination: It s what your child would choose No-one likes an injection, but your child would never choose to suffer from serious conditions like measles, mumps or whooping cough. Your guide to childhood

More information

Exampro GCSE Biology. B1 Chapter 1 Keeping Healthy. Name: Class: Higher tier. Author: Date: Time: 81. Marks: 81. Comments: Page 1 of 26

Exampro GCSE Biology. B1 Chapter 1 Keeping Healthy. Name: Class: Higher tier. Author: Date: Time: 81. Marks: 81. Comments: Page 1 of 26 Exampro GCSE Biology B Chapter Keeping Healthy Higher tier Name: Class: Author: Date: Time: 8 Marks: 8 Comments: Page of 26 Q. (a) Antibodies help to defend the body against disease. The diagram represents

More information

Page 1. Name: 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body.

Page 1. Name: 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body. Name: 8931-1 - Page 1 1) The diagram below represents one possible immune response that can occur in the human body. 5) One similarity between cell receptors and antibodies is that both A) are involved

More information

Adult Vaccination Frequently Asked Questions: The Basics

Adult Vaccination Frequently Asked Questions: The Basics The Basics Why should I get vaccinated? Vaccination is the best way to protect against infections that can make you sick and be passed on to those around you. 1 What kinds of side effects will I get from

More information

Think back to what you know about living things. What five things must all living things do?

Think back to what you know about living things. What five things must all living things do? Name Hour BACTERIA AND VIRUSES We have all heard of bacteria. But what are bacteria and how do they affect our lives? Write your ideas to this question in your Neuron Notes (Journal). Did you say that

More information

Infection in pregnancy and after birth

Infection in pregnancy and after birth Maternity Unit Patient Information Infection in pregnancy and after birth Group A Streptococcus sore throats / fever / scarletina / scarlet fever Group A Streptococcus is a common bug which often causes

More information

Activity 1: Emerging Diseases: Causes and Effects

Activity 1: Emerging Diseases: Causes and Effects Emerging Infectious Diseases: Activity 1 Page 1 of 3 Activity 1: Emerging Diseases: Causes and Effects Based on video content 15 minutes (10 minutes before and 5 minutes after the video) Setup This unit

More information

Next, your teacher will ask everyone who is infected to raise their hand. How many people were infected?

Next, your teacher will ask everyone who is infected to raise their hand. How many people were infected? Some Similarities between the Spread of an Infectious Disease and Population Growth by Jennifer Doherty and Dr. Ingrid Waldron, Department of Biology, University of Pennsylvania, 2007 1 How Does an Infectious

More information

FAQs HIV & AIDS. What is HIV? A virus that reduces the effectiveness of your immune system, meaning you are less protected against disease.

FAQs HIV & AIDS. What is HIV? A virus that reduces the effectiveness of your immune system, meaning you are less protected against disease. HIV & AIDS What is HIV? A virus that reduces the effectiveness of your immune system, meaning you are less protected against disease. What does HIV stand for? Human Immunodeficiency Virus Where did HIV

More information

GENETICS OF BACTERIA AND VIRUSES

GENETICS OF BACTERIA AND VIRUSES GENETICS OF BACTERIA AND VIRUSES 1 Genes of bacteria are found in bacterial chromosomes Usually a single type of chromosome May have more than one copy of that chromosome Number of copies depends on the

More information

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Talking Points About Flu and Flu Shots

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Talking Points About Flu and Flu Shots Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) and Talking Points About Flu and Flu Shots Members with specific questions or concerns about the flu or flu shots should call the primary care doctor. Question 1. Does

More information

Plan early - get your vaccinations in time for full protection. To prepare for your trip, schedule an appointment: (910) 347-2154, option #2.

Plan early - get your vaccinations in time for full protection. To prepare for your trip, schedule an appointment: (910) 347-2154, option #2. The Onslow County Health Department Travel Clinic offers a complete line of immunizations and prescriptions to protect you while traveling abroad. The most appropriate immunizations and travel medications

More information

RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab 2007 Page 1 of 5

RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab 2007 Page 1 of 5 RITUXIMAB (Rituxan) Rituximab is FDA approved for the treatment of low-grade or follicular CD20-positive, B-cell non-hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL); treatment of diffuse large B-cell CD20-positive NHL; treatment

More information

Human Genome Complexity, Viruses & Genetic Variability

Human Genome Complexity, Viruses & Genetic Variability Human Genome Complexity, Viruses & Genetic Variability (Learning Objectives) Learn the types of DNA sequences present in the Human Genome other than genes coding for functional proteins. Review what you

More information

Infection. Preventing Infections You need to make sure to protect yourself from infection after your surgery by taking the following precautions:

Infection. Preventing Infections You need to make sure to protect yourself from infection after your surgery by taking the following precautions: Infection To protect your new organ(s), you are taking immune-suppression or anti-rejection medicines to keep your body s immune system from rejecting the new organ(s). These anti-rejection medicines lower

More information

Adult Vaccines: Protect Yourself and Your Family Protect yourself, your loved ones, and others by taking these steps:

Adult Vaccines: Protect Yourself and Your Family Protect yourself, your loved ones, and others by taking these steps: Adult Vaccines: Protect Yourself and Your Family Protect yourself, your loved ones, and others by taking these steps: Learn all you can about vaccines A sk your doctor which vaccines are right for you.

More information

BYA3. General Certificate of Education January 2006 Advanced Subsidiary Examination. HUMAN BIOLOGY (SPECIFICATION A) Unit 3 Pathogens and Disease

BYA3. General Certificate of Education January 2006 Advanced Subsidiary Examination. HUMAN BIOLOGY (SPECIFICATION A) Unit 3 Pathogens and Disease Surname Other Names Leave blank Centre Number Candidate Number Candidate Signature General Certificate of Education January 2006 Advanced Subsidiary Examination HUMAN BIOLOGY (SPECIFICATION A) Unit 3 Pathogens

More information

GLOW-IN-THE-DARK BACTERIA (Transformation Lab)

GLOW-IN-THE-DARK BACTERIA (Transformation Lab) GLOW-IN-THE-DARK BACTERIA (Transformation Lab) A. BACKGROUND INFORMATION The Problem of Infectious Disease: At the turn of this century, infectious diseases like pneumonia and influenza caused high numbers

More information

Name: Period: Date: Biotechnology refers to technology used to DNA. The procedures are often referred to as. DNA is cut into small pieces using (RE).

Name: Period: Date: Biotechnology refers to technology used to DNA. The procedures are often referred to as. DNA is cut into small pieces using (RE). Name: Period: Date: I. OVERVIEW OF GENETIC ENGINEERING: Biotechnology refers to technology used to DNA. The procedures are often referred to as. is the genetic material of all living organisms. o All organisms

More information

Pathogens and the immune system

Pathogens and the immune system Review of lecture 7 Pathogens and the immune system Veronica Leautaud, Ph.D. vl2@ rice.edu BRC 511 / 530-lab Lecture 8 BIOE 301-Bioengineering and World Health Science Science is the human activity of

More information

Registered Nursing Health Requirements Checklist

Registered Nursing Health Requirements Checklist Registered Nursing Health Requirements Checklist The applicant must: 1). Upload the original completed form to your CertifiedBackground profile. 2). Retain a copy for your records. www.certifiedbackground.com

More information

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines.

People who are likely to have swine flu may be offered antiviral medicines. Patient information from the BMJ Group Swine flu There's been a lot of concern about the spread of swine flu, a new strain of flu virus that emerged in 2009. However, there are treatments that can help

More information

MIAMI DADE COLLEGE MEDICAL CAMPUS SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet

MIAMI DADE COLLEGE MEDICAL CAMPUS SCHOOL OF HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet SCHOOL O HEALTH SCIENCES EMERGENCY MEDICAL SERVICES Emergency Medical Technician (EMT) Application Packet Student Name (Print) Student Number The information in this 8 - page packet must be completed to

More information