SWINE FLU 1: INTRODUCTION

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1 Created by LifeWind International Date: 4/09 (1 HOUR) OBJECTIVES: After working through this lesson, participants will be able to: 1. Describe swine flu. 2. Tell how swine flu is spread. 3. Briefly describe the cause of swine flu. 4. Discuss the importance of swine flu infection. OVERVIEW FOR TRAINERS: These lessons will help participants know how to respond during outbreaks of swine flu. This lesson introduces swine flu, its cause, how it is spread, and its importance. The next lesson will teach about the symptoms of swine flu, and its treatment and prevention. Role Play: Two people are talking. 1 st I m really worried. I hear there is an outbreak of swine flu. 2 nd Yes, but that will never affect me. 1 st Why not? 2 nd I live in a city. Pigs only live on farms. I am safe. 1 st I m not so sure about that. 2 nd And besides, I never eat pork. So I m not at risk SHOWD questions---- S = What do you See? H = What is Happening? O = Does this happen in Our place? W = Why does this happen? D = What will we Do about it? I. Swine flu 10 I. Swine flu Discuss in large group. A. What is swine flu? A. What is swine flu? 1. Another name for flu is influenza. 2. Swine flu is an infection of pigs. 3. Swine flu can cause breathing or respiratory problems in pigs. 4. Many pigs get sick with swine flu. 5. But sometimes swine flu can spread to people. B. How does swine flu spread B. How does swine flu spread? to people? 1. Most swine flu is spread by contact with sick pigs. 2. Farmers may get sick by caring for a pig with swine flu. 3. Or children may touch a sick This lesson is part of an extensive series created by LifeWind International for use in Community Health Evangelism (CHE). In CHE, facilitators skilled in participatory learning methods enable communities to escape cycles of poverty and live as followers of Jesus. For information about CHE and how you can be trained as a facilitator, go to communityhealthevangelism.org, or contact LifeWind International.

2 2 pig. 4. But sometimes swine flu can spread from pigs to people, and then from person to person. 5. Swine flu is thought to spread between people by coughing or sneezing. C. Does eating pork or bacon C. From eating pork or bacon? cause swine flu? 1. No! Eating pork does not cause swine flu. 2. No! Eating bacon does not cause swine flu. D. Can you get sick with swine D. At risk if not near any pigs? flu even if you are not near any pigs? 1. Yes! You can catch swine flu from a person with swine flu. 2. Swine flu can pass from person to person. II. III. Swine flu cause 5 II. The cause of swine flu Discuss in large group. A. Swine flu is an infection that A. What causes swine flu? spreads between pigs, and occasionally to people. But what causes swine flu? Optional: Some of this information is more technical, so adapt the content to your group. Importance of swine flu Divide into small groups. Each group will discuss one of two topics. 1. Swine flu is caused by an influenza A or flu virus. 2. A virus is a tiny germ. 3. Viruses are so tiny that they pass easily through most filters and masks. 4. Birds, pigs, and people are infected by different types of influenza viruses. 5. The swine flu virus is similar to, but not the same as, the common flu virus that infects humans. 6. Sometimes the swine flu virus contains tiny pieces of human flu virus or even bird flu virus. 7. This mixture together of different viruses can cause a new type of virus that is harder for people to fight off. 20 III. Importance of swine flu A. How is swine flu different than an ordinary flu A. How is swine flu different than an ordinary flu infection? infection? 1. Swine flu can have symptoms similar to ordinary human flu such as fever, aches, headaches, and chills. 2. Some people also have vomiting and diarrhea. 3. Swine flu can also cause serious illness and even

3 3 deaths. 4. Swine flu is more unusual. But it may spread rapidly. 5. Usually, young babies and children and elderly people are most at risk for the flu. 6. But swine flu can infect all ages. 7. Most human flu occurs during the winter months. 8. But swine flu may occur during the warmer months as well. 9. Swine flu is caused by a different type of flu virus. 10. So flu vaccines may not give much protection against swine flu. B. Why is swine flu important? B. Why is swine flu important? 1. Swine flu may be a mild flu-like illness. 2. But swine flu can cause serious infection and even death, especially for people who already have long-term or chronic illnesses. 3. Sometimes even young people can die from swine flu. 4. Swine flu is contagious. It can spread from person to person. 5. Swine flu can spread in a crowded location like a classroom or a subway. 6. If swine flu is caused by a new type of flu virus, it may be harder to fight off. 7. Most people don t have much resistance against swine flu infection. 8. Without resistance, they may not be able to fight off the swine flu infection and may get sicker. 9. Swine flu could spread easily and infect a lot of people. 10. There is concern that swine flu could cause a large scale epidemic, or pandemic, involving many people in many parts of the world. 11. Swine flu could become very dangerous. III. Summary game 20 III. Summary game A. Divide into small groups. Give each group a copy of the Swine Flu game. Answer the questions true A. Review the answers from the answer sheet.

4 4 or false. Report back and review the answers. B. Next time, we will talk about how to recognize and treat swine flu infections. We will also talk about how to keep from getting infected. References: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Swine Influenza and You. Available from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Key Facts about Swine Influenza (Swine Flu). Available from: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention PDF brochure: Swine influenza. Available from: ATTITUDE: Swine flu can cause a serious infection. SKILL: EVALUATION: Participants will be able to describe swine flu and how it is spread. They will be able to discuss the importance of swine flu. Are the participants able to describe the ways that swine flu is spread? Can they discuss the importance of swine flu? MATERIALS: -Newsprint, markers, masking tape. -Swine Flu Game and Answers - This lesson is used in: Health Promotion/Health Problems/Influenza/Swine Flu

5 5 SWINE FLU GAME 1. Swine flu is an infection of pigs. 2. Only pigs get sick with swine flu. Answer these questions True or False. 3. Swine flu is an infection caused by bacteria. (Bacteria are large germs.) 4. Swine flu is caused by eating pork or bacon. 5. You can catch swine flu by being around sick pigs. 6. Only people living on farms catch swine flu. 7. Swine flu can also pass from person to person. 8. Swine flu is just like regular human flu. 9. Sometimes swine flu causes a normal flu-like illness with a rapid recovery (people get better quickly). 10. But sometimes people get very sick and even die from swine flu. 11. Everyone with swine flu will die. 12. Everyone who has had a flu shot will be fully protected from swine flu.

6 6 SWINE FLU GAME ANSWERS 1. Swine flu is an infection of pigs. TRUE Many pigs get infected with swine flu. 2. Only pigs get sick with swine flu. FALSE People can also get sick with swine flu. 3. Swine flu is an infection caused by bacteria. (Bacteria are large germs.) FALSE Swine flu is caused by an influenza virus. A virus is a tiny germ. 4. Swine flu is caused by eating pork or bacon. FALSE Eating pork or bacon does not cause swine flu. 5. You can catch swine flu by being around sick pigs. TRUE The swine flu virus can spread from sick pigs to people. 6. Only people living on farms catch swine flu. FALSE Swine flu can also pass from person to person. So people living in cities can also catch swine flu. 7. Swine flu can also pass from person to person. TRUE This is not as common, but can happen. 8. Swine flu is just like regular human flu. FALSE Swine flu is caused by a different type of flu virus and it can cause a more serious illness than ordinary human flu. 9. Sometimes swine flu causes a normal flu-like illness with a rapid recovery (people get better quickly). TRUE Many people with swine flu get better quickly. 10. But sometimes people get very sick and even die from swine flu. TRUE Some people even young adults get very sick from swine flu and may even die. 11. Everyone with swine flu will die. FALSE Many people recover without problems. 12. Everyone who has had a flu shot will be fully protected from swine flu. FALSE Swine flu is often caused by a different type of virus than human flu. So the flu vaccine may not give full protection. People who have received the flu vaccine can still get swine flu.

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