Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production"

Transcription

1 Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

2 Seed Production: A Specialized Form of Crop Production Seed Production is the activity, science, and technology that increases the availability of high quality seed at the lowest environmental and economic cost.

3 Seed Production: A Genetic Delivery System Seeds are the primary genetic delivery system for conveying favorable traits from the breeder to the consumer. Why seeds? Seeds are: 1. Small and hardy 2. Convenient to store and transport 3. A repository for heritable traits Tall fescue seed (TG Chastain photo)

4 Development of a Specialized Seed Industry Prior to the development of the seed industry, farmers set aside a portion of their crop for the purpose of planting. By the late 1700s, the first companies were started to supply the growing demand for vegetable and flower seed. As transportation systems improved, more farmers and companies became involved in the specialized field of seed production and the first major seed production industry was born in the late 1800s. The world s largest seed industry began in the 1930s to produce hybrid seed corn and is centered in the Midwest. Historical wheat harvest (top) and early onion seed field (bottom) OSU archives photos

5 History and Development of Oregon s Seed Industry Grass and legume seed crops were originally produced as a by-product of forage production. By the 1930s, farmers began planting grasses and legumes solely for seed production. The Oregon seed industry developed because of the favorable climate and the evolution of specialized management practices. This evolution resulted from cooperative efforts of seed growers, industry suppliers, Oregon State University and the USDA. Willamette Valley tall fescue seed field 1949 (top - W Gifford photo, OSU Archives), clover harvest 1930s (bottom)

6 Development of a Specialized Seed Industry Seed industries associated with self-pollinated crops such as wheat tend to be small regardless of the number of acres grown. Forage and turf grass seed production in the USA has shifted from the Midwest to the Pacific Northwest. Since these cross-pollinated seed crops are being produced outside of their area of principal adaptation or use, special procedures must be followed to prevent genetic shift. Willamette Valley grass seed crop farm (TG Chastain photo)

7 Oregon is a special place for seed production Reasons for a Pacific Northwest Seed Industry Climate - Dry summers and mild and wet winters Great variety of soils over short distances High seed quality High dependable yields Annual ryegrass seed field in autumn (TG Chastain photo)

8 Oregon's Rank in US Seed Production US Ryegrass Seed Acreage Map source - USDA Seed Crop Oregon s Rank in US Perennial Ryegrass 1 Annual Ryegrass 1 Tall Fescue 1 Orchardgrass (Cocksfoot) 1 Sugarbeet 1 Red clover 1 Crimson clover 1 Kentucky bluegrass 3 Alfalfa (Lucerne) 8

9 Oregon Seed Production Acreage Grass Forage Legume Sugarbeet Vegetable and Flower Crimson clover and perennial ryegrass (TG Chastain photos)

10 Oregon Seed Crops Grass seed crops 11 major species ranging from ryegrasses to bentgrasses. Forage legume seed crops - 7 species are produced including red clover, white clover, and crimson clover. Sugar beet seed crops Oregon is the sole producer of the US sugar beet seed stocks. Vegetable seed crops - includes Brassica spp., onions, carrots, sweet corn, radish, cucurbits, and others. Cereals, oil seed, and grain legumes small acreages of seed production. Flower and native plant seed crops small but growing in importance. Oregon Sunshine (Eriophyllum lanatum) seed field (TG Chastain photo)

11 Oregon Grass Seed Crop Acreage and Value* Crop Acreage Farm Gate Value ($ millions) Annual Ryegrass 120, Perennial Ryegrass 112, Tall Fescue 136, Kentucky Bluegrass 13, Rough Bluegrass Orchardgrass 12, Chewings Fescue 8, Red Fescue 9, Hard Fescue 1,626 2 Colonial Bentgrass 2,650 4 Creeping Bentgrass 2,910 5 Total 420, *2014 Crop Year

12 Oregon Legume Seed Crop Acreage and Value* Crop Acreage Farm Gate Value ($ millions) Alfalfa 5, Red Clover 13, Crimson Clover 12, Common Vetch Hairy Vetch 1, White Clover 10, Arrowleaf Clover Total 43, Red clover seed crop (TG Chastain photo) *2014 Crop Year

13 Oregon Other Seed Crop Acreage and Value* Crop Acreage Farm Gate Value ($ millions) Vegetable/Flower 12, Field Corn 4, Radish Sugarbeet 2,219 5 Total 19, Seed corn (TG Chastain photo) *2013 Crop Year

14 Willamette Valley An agricultural system with a climate unmatched anywhere in the world for seed production: Grasses Forage legumes Sugar beet Vegetables Flowers Oregon grass seed farm (TG Chastain photo)

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Introduction and Survey of Pacific Northwest Seed Crops Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Seed Production: A Specialized Form of Crop Production Seed Production is the activity, science, and

More information

Forage Legume Seed Crops: Establishment and Nutrient Management. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Forage Legume Seed Crops: Establishment and Nutrient Management. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Forage Legume Seed Crops: Establishment and Nutrient Management Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Forage Legume Seed Production Several species of forage legumes are grown for seed production

More information

World Forage, Turf and Legume Seed Markets Last edited March 8, 2005

World Forage, Turf and Legume Seed Markets Last edited March 8, 2005 World Forage, Turf and Legume Seed Markets Last edited March 8, 2005 Overview: World trade of forage grass seed, turf grass seed and legume seed revolves around 5 major players. The USA is by far the largest

More information

Plant and Seed Identification. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology

Plant and Seed Identification. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Plant and Seed Identification Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Sunflower (Helianthus annuus) Asteraceae Annual plant, simple leaves Inflorescence is a head consisting of ray and disk

More information

Grass Seed Crops: Fertilizer Management. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Grass Seed Crops: Fertilizer Management. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Grass Seed Crops: Fertilizer Management Thomas G Chastain CSS 46/56 Seed Production Seed Yield (lbs/acre) 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 3 6 9 12 15 Spring N (lbs/acre) Why is N needed in Grass Seed Crops? Nitrogen is

More information

Yield Components and Crop Yield. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology

Yield Components and Crop Yield. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Yield Components and Crop Yield Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology What is Crop Yield? Crop yield has many definitions, but we are most interested in economic yield. Crop yield in the

More information

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING

PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING PUTTING FORAGES TOGETHER FOR YEAR ROUND GRAZING Jimmy C. Henning A good rotational grazing system begins with a forage system that allows the maximum number of grazing days per year with forages that are

More information

This article was presented on June 26, 1996 at the Purdue Hay Day.

This article was presented on June 26, 1996 at the Purdue Hay Day. This article was presented on June 26, 1996 at the Purdue Hay Day. CUT FEED EXPENSES BY UTILIZING CORN RESIDUES, STOCKPILED PASTURE AND COVER CROPS 1 G. S. Premachandra, Keith D. Johnson, and Miles E.

More information

EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF

EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF CoverCropSolutions.com TillageRadish.com Cover Crop Solutions is the North American leader in the research, development and supply for cover crop seeds. Cover

More information

EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF. Home of the Tillage Radish

EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF. Home of the Tillage Radish EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF Home of the EXCLUSIVE PRODUCTS OF Home of the CoverCropSolutions.com Radish.com Cover Crop Solutions is the North American leader in the research, development and supply for cover

More information

Pasture Species Selection for Sheep

Pasture Species Selection for Sheep Pasture Species Selection for Sheep Dan Undersander, University of Wisconsin Pasture and hay forage crops generally fall into four categories: 1) Legumes 2) Cool Season Grasses 3) Warm Season Grasses 4)

More information

Forage Legume Seed Crops: Pest Control, Pollination and Harvest Practices. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production

Forage Legume Seed Crops: Pest Control, Pollination and Harvest Practices. Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Forage Legume Seed Crops: Pest Control, Pollination and Harvest Practices Thomas G Chastain CROP 460/560 Seed Production Weed Management in Alfalfa Major weed problems include dodder, field bindweed, pigweed,

More information

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime

ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime T ennessee is one of the top livestock producing states in the country. Much of the livestock in Tennessee is raised by smaller-scale, parttime producers. No matter what size operation, good pasture management

More information

A Global Leader in Agriculture

A Global Leader in Agriculture A Global Leader in Agriculture AGRIA Corporation Corporate Presentation April 2014 Safe Harbor Statement This presentation contains forward-looking statements. These statements, including the management's

More information

Climate and Cropping Systems. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology

Climate and Cropping Systems. Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Climate and Cropping Systems Thomas G Chastain CROP 200 Crop Ecology and Morphology Climate and Cropping Systems Successful cropping systems are adapted to the local climate and soil conditions. The distribution

More information

PASTURE PRODUCTION FOR HORSES

PASTURE PRODUCTION FOR HORSES PASTURE PRODUCTION FOR HORSES A productive pasture can be an inexpensive, highquality source of feed for horses, while providing the most natural and healthy environment for exercise and rest. Not only

More information

Seed Catalogue 2017 Canada Updated February

Seed Catalogue 2017 Canada Updated February Seed Catalogue 2017 Canada Updated February 27.2017. Extremely important: Last minute orders are difficult to fulfil; early orders are highly recommended. Prices, selection and availability can change

More information

Getting Started Choosing Cover Crops Pure Stands vs. Mixtures Suggested Cover Crops for Common Rotations Seeding Methods

Getting Started Choosing Cover Crops Pure Stands vs. Mixtures Suggested Cover Crops for Common Rotations Seeding Methods Contents Getting Started...6 Choosing Cover Crops...6 Objectives/Benefits of Cover Crops...7 Fitting Cover Crops Into Your System...11 Approximate Cover Crop Seeding Dates...13 Pure Stands vs. Mixtures...16

More information

Tillage RootMax Annual Ryegrass

Tillage RootMax Annual Ryegrass Tillage RootMax Annual Ryegrass Tillage RootMax Annual Ryegrass is the premium annual ryegrass in today s marketplace. It has been screened and selected for winter hardiness, rooting depth, and especially

More information

TROPHY SERIES. Product Manual MICRO NUTRIENT APPLIED SEED MIXTURES

TROPHY SERIES. Product Manual MICRO NUTRIENT APPLIED SEED MIXTURES TROPHY SERIES Product Manual MICRO NUTRIENT APPLIED SEED MIXTURES What is MICRO BOOST? MICRO BOOST applied seed mixtures include is a unique, sophisticated seed applied fertilizer product Physically and

More information

Western Illinois University/Allison Organic Research Farm. Organic Corn Fertilizer Experiment

Western Illinois University/Allison Organic Research Farm. Organic Corn Fertilizer Experiment Western Illinois University/Allison Organic Research Farm Organic Corn Fertilizer Experiment By Dr. Joel Gruver and Andrew Clayton Introduction: Commercial fertilizers derived from manure and animal/plant

More information

OVERSEEDING AND MANAGEMENT OF OLDER ALFALFA STANDS. Rachael Long, Dan Putnam, and Mick Canevari 1 ABSTRACT

OVERSEEDING AND MANAGEMENT OF OLDER ALFALFA STANDS. Rachael Long, Dan Putnam, and Mick Canevari 1 ABSTRACT OVERSEEDING AND MANAGEMENT OF OLDER ALFALFA STANDS Rachael Long, Dan Putnam, and Mick Canevari 1 ABSTRACT Overseeding another forage species into a depleted alfalfa stand can extend stand life and improve

More information

Import/Export Codes for Seed. Canadian Seed Trade Association International Committee

Import/Export Codes for Seed. Canadian Seed Trade Association International Committee Import/ s for Seed Canadian Seed Trade Association International Committee Effective January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011 Seed Trade Import/ s The following list import and export codes is provided for

More information

PASTURE RENOVATION. Agronomy Facts Series: AF-08

PASTURE RENOVATION. Agronomy Facts Series: AF-08 PASTURE RENOVATION Agronomy Facts Series: AF-08 Pasture renovation can be defined as a series of actions that lead to a permanent or long-term change in the botanical composition of a pasture. The intended

More information

Sugarbeet Seed Production. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Sugarbeet Seed Production. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Seed Production Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Most US sugarbeet seed production occurs in the Willamette Valley, with smaller acreages in central and southwestern Oregon. The region is

More information

ECONOMIC IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ARABLE PRODUCTION

ECONOMIC IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ARABLE PRODUCTION Report to: ECONOMIC IMPACT ASSESSMENT OF ARABLE PRODUCTION Prepared by Kel Sanderson Kelly Dustow Hugh Dixon Copyright BERL BERL ref #5189 Economic Impact Assessment of Arable Production 1 Summary... 3

More information

Agriculture-based Feedstocks

Agriculture-based Feedstocks Introduction to Bioenergy BIOEN1 BETA Test: August, 2011 Bioenergy Factsheet 1.2.3 Agriculture-based Feedstocks Although forest-based wood makes up the majority of biomass used in production of bioenergy

More information

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS

COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS COVER CROPS FOR RASPBERRY PLANTINGS Dr. Marvin Pritts, Department of Horticulture, Cornell University s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences, Ithaca, NY 14853 (For more information visit www.fruit.cornell.edu)

More information

Pasture Forage Species: Perennials

Pasture Forage Species: Perennials Pasture Forage Species: Perennials Mat Haan Penn State Extension Extension Dairy Educator Dan Ludwig NRCS Grazing Specialist Types of Forages Cool Season Grasses Warm Season Grasses Legumes Cool Season

More information

Alternatives to Fertilizer for Wyoming Crops

Alternatives to Fertilizer for Wyoming Crops Alternatives to Fertilizer for Wyoming Crops Jay Norton Assistant Professor and Soil Fertility Extension Specialist Department of Renewable Resources University of Wyoming Farm & Ranch Days, Riverton Wyoming

More information

Lime and Fertilizer Recommendations for the Various Crops of Tennessee

Lime and Fertilizer Recommendations for the Various Crops of Tennessee D 25 Lime and Fertilizer Recommendations for the Various Crops of Tennessee Chapter III Forage Pasture/Hay/Silage Crops Compiled by Hubert J. Savoy Jr., Department of Biosystems Engineering and Soil Science

More information

PRE-BOOKING FLYER IDEAL NORTHERN EDGE FOOD PLOT MIXES & WILDLIFE BRAND SEEDS ORDER BY: FEB 9th SHIP APRIL-MAY

PRE-BOOKING FLYER IDEAL NORTHERN EDGE FOOD PLOT MIXES & WILDLIFE BRAND SEEDS ORDER BY: FEB 9th SHIP APRIL-MAY CUSTOMER NAME: (800) 322-0527 PRE-BOOKING FLYER IDEAL NORTHERN EDGE FOOD PLOT MIXES & WILDLIFE BRAND SEEDS ORDER BY: FEB 9th SHIP APRIL-MAY ALFALFA BAG PRICE ORDER FSG 7420 L.H. - ALFALFA - CTD 50# $159.50

More information

Horse Pasture Management

Horse Pasture Management Horse Pasture Management Horse Grazing Trial Findlay, OH Looking for what works best! What about feeding high sugar grasses to horses? What are high sugar grasses? Bluegrass Ryegrass Fescues Timothy Bromes

More information

KENTUCKY GOAT FRIENDLY PASTURE CONCEPTS

KENTUCKY GOAT FRIENDLY PASTURE CONCEPTS KENTUCKY GOAT FRIENDLY PASTURE CONCEPTS Terry Hutchens Extension Associate for Goat Management University of Kentucky & Kentucky State University Goats are accomplished grazers of grass and browse plants.

More information

ADDING ANNUALS TO PERENNIAL PASTURES. Tim Schnakenberg / Rob Kallenbach University of Missouri

ADDING ANNUALS TO PERENNIAL PASTURES. Tim Schnakenberg / Rob Kallenbach University of Missouri ADDING ANNUALS TO PERENNIAL PASTURES Tim Schnakenberg / Rob Kallenbach University of Missouri Many Seeding Methods Available NO-TILL Able to keep existing sod Conserves moisture Sod competes against

More information

Complimentary forages

Complimentary forages Complimentary forages What limits weaning weights? Lack of feed quality during lactation is #1 reason our weaning weights are lower than what is genetically possible Monthly production of bluestem range

More information

Cover Crops: What a Difference a Few Weeks Makes!

Cover Crops: What a Difference a Few Weeks Makes! Cover Crops: What a Difference a Few Weeks Makes! Cover crops are the workhorses of a vegetable crop rotation. They do the heavy jobs of adding organic matter, supplying nitrogen, and suppressing. However,

More information

Weed control in turf and lawns. Ralph Whitesides

Weed control in turf and lawns. Ralph Whitesides Weed control in turf and lawns Ralph Whitesides Coarse- Leaved Tall Fescue: Good on roadsides Poor on better quality lawn Creeping Bentgrass: Serious problem on a lawn Great for golf greens Dandelion and

More information

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials

DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials DuPont Renewably Sourced Materials The Renewably Sourced Process DuPont is bringing nature and science together to convert agricultural crop to high performance materials and fuels. Microbes transform

More information

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value

Forage Value Chapter 2. Forage Value Forage Value Chapter 2 Forage Value 2 Livestock producers in the western United States, including Oregon, are at an economic disadvantage relative to those in some other regions in North America because

More information

Most experienced organic farmers have a good

Most experienced organic farmers have a good 4 CROP SEQUENCES FROM EXPERT FARMERS FIELDS Sue Ellen Johnson Most experienced organic farmers have a good grasp of the biological principles of crop rotation (see sidebar 4.1). Considering an organic

More information

Cereal, Oil and Grain Legume Seed Production. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production

Cereal, Oil and Grain Legume Seed Production. Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Cereal, Oil and Grain Legume Seed Production Thomas G Chastain CSS 460/560 Seed Production Cereals Several small grain cereal seed crops are grown in the Pacific Northwest including wheat, barley, oats,

More information

Crops for biogas production; yields, suitability and energy balances

Crops for biogas production; yields, suitability and energy balances Crops for biogas production; yields, suitability and energy balances Dr. Andrew Salter University of Southampton, UK 15 th European Biomass Conference Berlin 8 th May 2007 Workshop 2 Biogas: Energy throughout

More information

Legume Cover Crops (Legume Green Manures)

Legume Cover Crops (Legume Green Manures) Legume Cover Crops (Legume Green Manures) 2012 NPGA Pulse Days Dec 13, 2012 by Clain Jones, Perry Miller, Justin O Dea, and Macdonald Burgess Department of Land Resources and Environmental Sciences What

More information

Wild Food Plot Mixtures

Wild Food Plot Mixtures Marathon Horse Pasture Wild Food Plot Mixtures 24.86% Timothy 13.47% Smooth Brome Grass 24.83% Kentucky Bluegrass 9.84% Perennial Ryegrass 19.86% Alfalfa 4.77% Trefoil A mixture of pasture grasses, alfalfa,

More information

Cover Crops for Wet Soils and Prevented Plant Ground

Cover Crops for Wet Soils and Prevented Plant Ground North Dakota Agronomy Technical Note No. 1 In excessively wet years farmers who are unable to plant their intended crop acreage in a timely manner may choose to take the prevented plant option for fields

More information

TALL FESCUE VARIETY QUALITY AND YIELD COMPARISON IN THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTION YEAR. Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstedt, and Steve James.

TALL FESCUE VARIETY QUALITY AND YIELD COMPARISON IN THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTION YEAR. Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstedt, and Steve James. TALL FESCUE VARIETY QUALITY AD YIELD COMPARISO I THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTIO YEAR Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstedt, and Steve James Abstract Eight tall fescue cultivars were established in August 1987 at the

More information

Improving Pasture for Reduced Feed Costs

Improving Pasture for Reduced Feed Costs Improving Pasture for Reduced Feed Costs Dr. Carey A. Williams Associate Professor Rutgers Equine Science Center What is Pasture? A pasture is an area of land, usually 0.5 acres or more, where grasses

More information

Implementing the GBEP indicators in Germany

Implementing the GBEP indicators in Germany Implementing the GBEP indicators in Germany INDICATOR 2: Soil quality 4th meeting of the GBEP WGCB 30 May 2013 Berlin Susanne Köppen (IFEU) 1 1 Background Objective: Test whether the GBEP indicators can

More information

Use and importance of cover corps around the world

Use and importance of cover corps around the world Use and importance of cover corps around the world Crucifer cover crops Peter-Jan Jongenelen, productmanager cover crops Content - Company - Cover crops used - Crucifer cover crop market - Advantages on

More information

Special actions before sessions: include extension specialist if appropriate

Special actions before sessions: include extension specialist if appropriate Session title: Unit III: Livestock Production Systems -Dairy Total time: 60 minutes Objective(s): To recognize the elements of livestock production systems, such as herd management, nutrient requirements,

More information

Cal Poly Irrigation Classes

Cal Poly Irrigation Classes Research in Grower Awareness and Approaches to Water Use for Central Coast Crops By Dr. Stuart Styles, PE Director - Cal Poly Irrigation Training and Research Center San Luis Obispo, CA www.itrc.org/projects/jdwt.html

More information

Cool-season. Pasture & Forage Varieties. Variety Selection. Grass Varieties. Legume Varieties

Cool-season. Pasture & Forage Varieties. Variety Selection. Grass Varieties. Legume Varieties Cool-season 2016 2017 Pasture & Forage Varieties Variety Selection One of the most important decisions a forage producer must make is which variety or varieties to plant. Many varieties of forage crops

More information

How To Select The Best Grass For Northern Lawns

How To Select The Best Grass For Northern Lawns How To Select The Best Grass For Northern Lawns Another Report on Effective Turf Maintenance from the Lawn Institute New, improved lawn grass varieties for the 21st century provide you with the latest

More information

Cool-season. Pasture & Forage Varieties. Variety Selection. Grass Varieties. Legume Varieties

Cool-season. Pasture & Forage Varieties. Variety Selection. Grass Varieties. Legume Varieties Cool-season 2013 2014 Pasture & Forage Varieties Variety Selection One of the most important decisions a forage producer must make is which variety or varieties to plant. Many varieties of forage crops

More information

QUALITY AND YIELD COMPARISON OF ORCHARDGRASS VARIETIES IN THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTION YEAR. Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstadt, and Steve James.

QUALITY AND YIELD COMPARISON OF ORCHARDGRASS VARIETIES IN THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTION YEAR. Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstadt, and Steve James. QUALITY AD YIELD COMPARISO OF ORCHARDGRASS VARIETIES I THEIR FOURTH PRODUCTIO YEAR Mylen Bohle, Peter Ballerstadt, and Steve James Abstract Thirteen orchardgrass varieties were planted at the Central Oregon

More information

Description and Seeding Rates for Forage Plants Grown in Vermont

Description and Seeding Rates for Forage Plants Grown in Vermont Description and Seeding Rates for Forage Plants Grown in Vermont By Sid Bosworth, Extension Agronomist Forages can be defined as fibrous plant materials that are harvested and best utilized by ruminants

More information

Cover Crops for Soil and Water Quality

Cover Crops for Soil and Water Quality Abstract: Cover Crops for Soil and Water Quality Tom Kaspar USDA-ARS, National Laboratory for Agriculture and the Environment Ames, IA Cover crops have many potential benefits for both soil and water quality

More information

Terms of propagating material submission. No Plant species Total quantity of propagating material in kg. number. Agricultural plants

Terms of propagating material submission. No Plant species Total quantity of propagating material in kg. number. Agricultural plants QUANTITIES OF PROPAGATING MATERIAL OF AGRICULTURAL PLANT AND VEGETABLE SPECIES WHICH MUST BE SUBMITTED FOR PERFORMANCE OF TESTS OF VALUE FOR CULTIVATION AND USE AND TERMS OF THE SUBMISSION No Plant species

More information

Utilizing Grass Seed Residues For Wintering Beef Cattle

Utilizing Grass Seed Residues For Wintering Beef Cattle Utilizing Grass Seed Residues For Wintering Beef Cattle Tim DelCurto, EOARC Union Station, Oregon State University Beef cattle producers in the Western US and Canada compete at an economic disadvantage

More information

COVER CROP Practice 340

COVER CROP Practice 340 COVER CROP Practice 340 Non-Livestock Vegetative Practice PRS of ment: Acre Definition: Crops including grasses, legumes, and forbs planted for seasonal cover and other conservation purposes. Purpose:

More information

Importance of Farm Phosphorus Mass Balance and Management Options Rory O. Maguire, Associate Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences

Importance of Farm Phosphorus Mass Balance and Management Options Rory O. Maguire, Associate Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Publication CSES-98P Importance of Farm Phosphorus Mass Balance and Management Options Rory O. Maguire, Associate Professor, Crop and Soil Environmental Sciences Phosphorus is a naturally occurring element

More information

Tables for Weights and Measurement: Crops

Tables for Weights and Measurement: Crops Tables for Weights and Measurement: Crops William J. Murphy Department of Agronomy These tables give weights per bushel, weights of grain by volume, moisture conversion and planting rates. Table 1 Weights

More information

SUPPLEMENTAL LABELING. Keep out of reach of children.

SUPPLEMENTAL LABELING. Keep out of reach of children. SUPPLEMENTAL LABELING READ THE ENTIRE LABEL FOR BUCCANEER PLUS GLYPHOSATE HERBICIDE BEFORE PROCEEDING WITH THE USE DIRECTIONS CONTAINED IN THIS SUPPLEMENTAL LABELING. When using Buccaneer Plus Glyphosate

More information

PEPPERMINT INTERCROP SCREENING TRIALS

PEPPERMINT INTERCROP SCREENING TRIALS PEPPERMINT INTERCROP SCREENING TRIALS Alan Mitchell Abstract This report summarizes a project that investigated relay intercropping of peppermint to reduce nitrate leaching. The project was funded by the

More information

RYEGRASS FOR FORAGE. Highly Preferred by Livestock and Farm Producers. n Easy and economical to establish. n Highly nutritious and palatable

RYEGRASS FOR FORAGE. Highly Preferred by Livestock and Farm Producers. n Easy and economical to establish. n Highly nutritious and palatable RYEGRASS FOR FORAGE Highly Preferred by Livestock and Farm Producers n Easy and economical to establish n Highly nutritious and palatable n Can be grown with other forage crops n Recovers rapidly from

More information

Composition of Selected Livestock Feeds

Composition of Selected Livestock Feeds DIVIION OF AGRICULTURE R E E A R C H & E X T E N I O N University of Arkansas ystem Agriculture and Natural Resources FA3043 Composition of elected Livestock Feeds hane Gadberry, h.d. Associate rofessor

More information

CLOVER SEED PRODUCTION IN OREGON

CLOVER SEED PRODUCTION IN OREGON CLOVER SEED PRODUCTION IN OREGON Susan Aldrich-Markham Oregon State University Extension Agent, Field Crops The Willamette Valley of western Oregon is a premier seed production region, especially for clovers

More information

Planting Legumes for Wildlife

Planting Legumes for Wildlife Planting Legumes for Wildlife Written by Ron Brenneman & Henry Daniel NWTF WILDLIFE BULLETIN NO. 9 Legumes are a group of plants that are members of the Fabaceae plant family. Most legumes produce an abundance

More information

Readings Next Topic. Small grains Importance and use. Origin, History, and Uses of Oat and Wheat

Readings Next Topic. Small grains Importance and use. Origin, History, and Uses of Oat and Wheat Readings Next Topic Small grains Importance and use Origin, History, and Uses of Oat and Wheat Corn Row Width Row Width Goal Select the optimum row width(s) for a producer s cropping system Row Width Considerations

More information

CUSTOMS TARIFF - SCHEDULE 12 - i

CUSTOMS TARIFF - SCHEDULE 12 - i 12 - i Chapter 12 OIL SEEDS AND OLEAGINOUS FRUITS; MISCELLANEOUS GRAINS, SEEDS AND FRUIT; INDUSTRIAL OR MEDICINAL PLANTS; STRAW AND FODDER Notes. 1. Heading 12.07 applies, inter alia, to palm nuts and

More information

A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation

A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation A Systems Approach To Cover Crops In A Rotation Norfolk SCIA - Tier One Grant Project Final Report Cover Crops and their benefits, both economic and environmental, are not a new concept to members and

More information

Agriculture and Industries Chapter ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES SEED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE

Agriculture and Industries Chapter ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES SEED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE Agriculture and Industries Chapter 80 11 2 ALABAMA DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE AND INDUSTRIES SEED ADMINISTRATIVE CODE CHAPTER 80 11 2 RULES GOVERNING SEED LABELING, SAMPLING AND RECORDKEEPING TABLE OF CONTENTS

More information

Grant County, Washington Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impact Analysis

Grant County, Washington Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impact Analysis 211 Grant County, Washington Irrigated Agriculture: Economic Impact Analysis Elizabeth Sieverkropp Sieverkropp Consulting, LLC. 5/1/213 Table of Contents Executive Summary... i Introduction... 1 Importance

More information

Grass legume intercrop to produce biomass for bioenergy

Grass legume intercrop to produce biomass for bioenergy Grass legume intercrop to produce biomass for bioenergy August 201 Among lignocellulosic crops i.e. energy crops for which the whole biomass is harvested and valorized for energy production perennial crops

More information

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs

Forage Economics, page2. Production Costs Forage Economics Geoffrey A. Benson, Professor Emeritus, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics, and James T. Green, Jr., Professor Emeritus, Department of Crop Science, NC State University

More information

Crop production. 0 5 10 15 million ha. 0 5 10 15 20 million tonnes PART 1. CHART 7: Harvested area of the most important crops in Central Asia (2010)

Crop production. 0 5 10 15 million ha. 0 5 10 15 20 million tonnes PART 1. CHART 7: Harvested area of the most important crops in Central Asia (2010) PART 1 Crop production is the most important crop in the region of Europe and Central Asia. More than 80 million hectares of land are dedicated to growing wheat, of which 240 were produced in 2010. is

More information

Using Organic Fertilizers in Farming and Horticulture Systems. Wayne Flanary Extension Agronomist

Using Organic Fertilizers in Farming and Horticulture Systems. Wayne Flanary Extension Agronomist Using Organic Fertilizers in Farming and Horticulture Systems Wayne Flanary Extension Agronomist Organic systems think long-term and from ecological approach Preventative not reactive Work within natural

More information

AGRONOMY SERIES TIMELY INFORMATION Agriculture & Natural Resources DEPT. OF AGRONOMY & SOILS, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AL

AGRONOMY SERIES TIMELY INFORMATION Agriculture & Natural Resources DEPT. OF AGRONOMY & SOILS, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AL AGRONOMY SERIES TIMELY INFORMATION Agriculture & Natural Resources DEPT. OF AGRONOMY & SOILS, AUBURN UNIVERSITY, AL 36849-5633 S-05-06 June, 2006 Grow Your Own N: Legumes in Row Crop Systems The 21 st

More information

Cover Crop Choices for Michigan Vegetables

Cover Crop Choices for Michigan Vegetables Extension Bulletin E 2896 New October 2003 Cover Crop Choices for Michigan Vegetables Sieglinde S. Snapp, Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Department of Horticulture, and Dale R. Mutch, Kellogg Biological

More information

GI-107 July Grains, Seeds, Hay, Silage and Other Fodder and Plant Crops

GI-107 July Grains, Seeds, Hay, Silage and Other Fodder and Plant Crops GST/HST Info Sheet GI-107 July 2010 Grains, Seeds, Hay, Silage and Other Fodder and Plant Crops This info sheet describes the application of the goods and services tax/harmonized sales tax (GST/HST) to

More information

Kansas Crop Planting Guide

Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas Crop Planting Guide Kansas is agronomically rich, with diverse soils and growing conditions. The average number of freeze-free days ranges from 150 in the northwest to 200 in southeastern Kansas.

More information

Annual Winter Pasture Establishment, Management and Utilization Winter pastures provide the highest quality forage that can be

Annual Winter Pasture Establishment, Management and Utilization Winter pastures provide the highest quality forage that can be Texas Agricultural Experiment Station Texas Agricultural Extension Service The Texas A&M University System SCS-1998-36 Annual Winter Pasture Establishment, Management and Utilization Winter pastures provide

More information

Forage and Pasture Plant Identification. Sid Bosworth Extension Forage Agronomist University of Vermont Extension

Forage and Pasture Plant Identification. Sid Bosworth Extension Forage Agronomist University of Vermont Extension Forage and Pasture Plant Identification Sid Bosworth Extension Forage Agronomist University of Vermont Extension References for Identifying Pasture Plants Websites for Pasture Plant Identification: From

More information

CAN WE GRAZE YEAR-AROUND IN THE HEART OF AMERICA

CAN WE GRAZE YEAR-AROUND IN THE HEART OF AMERICA CAN WE GRAZE YEAR-AROUND IN THE HEART OF AMERICA Ed Ballard Animal Systems Educator, Retired University of Illinois Extension Feed costs represent the major cost in most livestock production systems. A

More information

Results of a CRP Survey in Kentucky

Results of a CRP Survey in Kentucky Results of a CRP Survey in Kentucky James R. Martin, Donald E. Hershman, Douglas W. Johnson, and Lloyd W. Murdock University of Kentucky, Princeton, KY 42445 Introduction Fields enrolled in the Conservation

More information

ROTATION OF ANNUAL CROPS WITH SOD IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS. Glover Triplett, William Kingery, and Mark Shankle.

ROTATION OF ANNUAL CROPS WITH SOD IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS. Glover Triplett, William Kingery, and Mark Shankle. ROTATION OF ANNUAL CROPS WITH SOD IN NO-TILLAGE SYSTEMS Glover Triplett, William Kingery, and Mark Shankle Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39763

More information

CROP APPLICATION RATES Pacific Natural Organic Fresh Fish Fertilizer

CROP APPLICATION RATES Pacific Natural Organic Fresh Fish Fertilizer CROP APPLICATION RATES Pacific Natural Organic Fresh Fish Fertilizer An after harvest or dormant season application is highly recommended for all crops and home & garden use, providing nutritional ingredients

More information

Alfalfa-grass is preferred to straight alfalfa in some coldweather climates because of improved winter survival.

Alfalfa-grass is preferred to straight alfalfa in some coldweather climates because of improved winter survival. Alfalfa-grass is preferred to straight alfalfa in some coldweather climates because of improved winter survival. About 85% of the alfalfa seeded in NY is planted with a grass companion crop. The grass

More information

Pasture Grass Varieties for Livestock

Pasture Grass Varieties for Livestock Pasture Grass Varieties for Livestock By Debbie Moberg-Williams, WSU Extension Educator, Walla Walla County Things to consider when choosing a pasture grass or a mixture of pasture grasses include annual

More information

Wishing you a Merry Christmas and a successful 2015,

Wishing you a Merry Christmas and a successful 2015, The Annual News Volume 1, December 2014 Photo by: Curtis Byers, Sky Studios Inside this issue: Solar Projects 2 Seed Market Report 2 Production Update 2 G3 Introductions 3 Greetings, We hope this letter

More information

UNDERSTANDING A TURFGRASS SEED LABEL

UNDERSTANDING A TURFGRASS SEED LABEL UNDERSTANDING A TURFGRASS SEED LABEL SEEDING OBJECTIVES The objective of any seeding is to establish a mature, permanent and high quality turfgrass stand in the shortest period of time possible. To that

More information

Malt Barley Endorsement A New Insurance Product for 2016 GENERAL BACKGROUND INFORMATION NORTH DAKOTA BARLEY COUNCIL SEPTEMBER 2015

Malt Barley Endorsement A New Insurance Product for 2016 GENERAL BACKGROUND INFORMATION NORTH DAKOTA BARLEY COUNCIL SEPTEMBER 2015 Malt Barley Endorsement A New Insurance Product for 2016 GENERAL BACKGROUND INFORMATION NORTH DAKOTA BARLEY COUNCIL SEPTEMBER 2015 History Submitted to Federal Crop Insurance Corporation (FCIC) by Watts

More information

Ken Miller farms and ranches 2,000 acres

Ken Miller farms and ranches 2,000 acres A project of the National Center for Appropriate Technology 1-800-346-9140 No-Till Case Study, Miller Farm: Restoring Grazing Land with Cover Crops By Susan Tallman NCAT Agronomist Published November 2012

More information

FERTILIZER MANAGEMENT FOR GRASS AND GRASS-LEGUME MIXTURES

FERTILIZER MANAGEMENT FOR GRASS AND GRASS-LEGUME MIXTURES FERTILIZER MANAGEMENT FOR GRASS AND GRASS-LEGUME MIXTURES Rich Koenig, Extension Soil Specialist Mark Nelson, Beaver County Extension Agent James Barnhill, Weber County Extension Agent Dean Miner, Utah

More information

Pastures for Horses. Good pasture management practices can easily. Usage nutrition or exercise paddock? A3680. Dan Undersander and Ray Antoniewicz

Pastures for Horses. Good pasture management practices can easily. Usage nutrition or exercise paddock? A3680. Dan Undersander and Ray Antoniewicz A3680 Pastures for Horses Dan Undersander and Ray Antoniewicz Good pasture management practices can easily double the total forage produced in a field. Good management can also greatly extend the period

More information

WHY ANNUAL FORAGE CROPS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED Craig Williams Cass County Extension Educator Ag & Natural Resources

WHY ANNUAL FORAGE CROPS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED Craig Williams Cass County Extension Educator Ag & Natural Resources This article was presented on June 22, 2000 at the Purdue Forage Day. WHY ANNUAL FORAGE CROPS SHOULD BE CONSIDERED Craig Williams Cass County Extension Educator Ag & Natural Resources Annual forage crops

More information