Bonsai. Works Cited. The Art of Growing Trees

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1 8 1 Works Cited Bonsai tools. Digital image. Great Landscape Ideas. Great Landscape Ideas. Web. 12 Feb < Bonsai trees being trained. Digital image. Bonsai Empire. Bonsai Empire. Web. 12 Feb < Braver, Rita. "The Growing Fascination With Bonsai - CBS Sunday Morning - CBS News." CBS Sunday News. CBS News, 18 Apr Web. 14 Feb < Carl_C. Oldest Bonsai. Digital image. Japanese Maple. Japanese Maple, 12 Nov Web. 12 Feb < Ceramic Pots. Digital image. Bonsai Mary. Bonsai Mary. Web. 12 Feb < Ceramic pots. Digital image. Sleepy Hollow Bonsai. Sleepy Hollow Collectibles. Web. 12 Feb < ProductCategory=CPotteryCA> Images of bonsai styles. Digital image. Wikipedia, Bonsai. Wikipedia. Web. 12 Feb < Mellor, Rob. Pruning a Bonsai. Digital image. Minnie Online. Minnie Online, 16 Dec Web. 12 Feb < Root on Rock bonsai. Digital image. Why Bonsai. TravelSmart Ltd. Web. 12 Feb < USDA. Hardiness Zone map. Digital image. Millington Seed Co. Millington Seed Co. Web. 12 Feb < usda_hardiness_zones.htm>. Bonsai The Art of Growing Trees This bonsai was begun around 1625 and is the oldest bonsai in the National Bonsai and Penjing Museum. Bonsai has been around for centuries. It is the Japanese art form that has a world -wide following. It began in Japan about 700 years ago, but started in China as far back as 1,500 years and was known as penjing instead. Bonsai (pronounced bone-sai) has developed a simpler style than penjing. Bonsai is about meditation and a connection with nature. Every true bonsai is a tree that looks as if it has been grown in nature. But it is the human element that maintains the smallness of the bonsai and the elegance of the art. Some bonsai trees have been known to live over hundreds of years; the oldest bonsai is over 400 years old, and is currently residing in the National Bonsai and Penjing Museum. Table of Contents: Bonsai Styles 2-3 Training a Bonsai 4 Containers 5 Maintenance and Care 6 Choosing the Right Tree 7 Works Cited 8

2 2 The straight trunk is the main feature of a Formal Upright bonsai, as the line indicates The line following the trunk shows that the trunk is curved. This is the main feature of an Informal Upright bonsai. The Slanted Style is at an angle to the pot, as can be seen with the line. This example shows two trunks, but it can be also be done with one trunk. Bonsai Styles There are five main styles of bonsai. These are Formal Upright, Informal Upright, Slanted, Cascade and Semi Cascade. There are other styles, but these five are considered the traditional styles. The Formal Upright Style s characteristics include one straight trunk, with branches that spread out, much like how a tree in nature looks like. The Informal Upright Style differs from the Formal Upright because its trunk is curved. The branches are spread out much like the Formal Upright. The Slanted Style has a trunk that is at a very noticeable angle, usually about forty-five degrees from the pot. This can be achieved by tying the pot down on a board at an angle and the trunk grows straight up from there. When the pot is placed back on level ground, the trunk appears to have grown at an angle, similar to wind-blown trees. The branches can be formed in many different ways, but are mostly trimmed to be parallel to the pot, rather than in line with the trunk. can cause problems with the growth and stress the tree. The peak seasons depends on the species of tree. Special tools are available for all the requirements a bonsai has. Familiarity is important when using these tools. Choosing the Right Tree Bonsai tools. There are many different varieties of trees available for bonsai. The best way to choose what species to grow is to know what kind of climate the tree will be grown in. This is because bonsais should never be grown indoors. A Hardiness Zone chart will help a grower choose a species. Each zone is determined by average winter temperatures. In Iowa, the hardiness zone is five, meaning any plant with that rating will survive the winter in that zone. Plants that are rated either six or four can This Hardiness Zone map, above, helps growers know what kind of winter each region has. Some also be used, but may require additional care and best to avoid using trees that can t survive outdoors trees can t survive the winters in colder climates. It is protection. This is the during the winter. best way to choose which tree species to grow for bonsai. 7

3 6 Maintenance and Care Every bonsai tree needs to be taken care of well. Since a bonsai has a small root system, it needs almost daily care. Watering is the most essential part of bonsai care. A grower will water daily because the soil loses water quickly. Repotting a bonsai. Repotting helps the bonsai grow and mature. When first beginning, small pots are often used. But as the size and shape of the bonsai begin to form, repotting will need to be done. A grower will know it is time when the soil begins to rise up, meaning the root system is too large for the pot. Cutting, or pruning, is what defines bonsai. A grower must regularly cut back the roots on the bonsai at every repotting roughly every three to five years. Trimming is also done to the branches to keep the shape of the tree and to minimize energy production, known as photosynthesis. The Cascade and Semi Cascade Styles are very similar to one another. This style is formed by training the trunk to dip below the lip of the pot, like a waterfall. The difference between the two is that the full Cascade s trunk dips below the base of the pot, and the Semi Cascade does not quite reach that level. The branches are kept mostly parallel to the lip of the pot, much like the Slanted style. Other styles of bonsai include the Broom Style, the Rock Style, and the Multi-trunk Style. Though these are nontraditional, they still have an aesthetic appeal. The Rock Style, seen below, is where the trees grow from soil placed in openings on the rock. In the top picture, the tip of the trunk, marked by the purple line, falls below the green line, which marks the base of the pot. That is the Cascade Style bonsai. In the picture just below, the purple line is above the green line, making that style the Semi-Cascade Style bonsai 3 Fertilizers are also important. The best way to fertilize a bonsai tree is to place Trimming a bonsai with special scissors. Each branch is chosen carefully. time-release capsules in the soil, or use fertilizer in water during the peak growing seasons. Fertilizing while the tree is supposed to grow ensures a healthy, beautiful bonsai. However, fertilizing while the tree is dormant, or at rest, In the Broom Style bonsai, the branches spread out like a broom, as seen above. The Multi-trunk Style, as seen above, has two or more trunks growing out of the ground.

4 4 5 First step in training a bonsai. Notice the wiring marked by the purple arrows. The wires are bending the trunk to the right in preparation for the Informal Upright Style. Wiring the trunk to a more upright position Wiring Second step in training. Notice the wiring shown by the purple arrow. This is the wire that is bringing the trunk back in line with the bottom portion of the tree, creating a curve in the middle of the trunk. Training A Bonsai To make a bonsai into a work of art, or into a particular style, training must be done. This training is different from training a pet. Instead, bonsai training is done by wrapping bronze wire around the trunk and branches. Wiring lets the grower bend the branches and trunk gradually. It takes a long time for the bonsai to take the shape the grower desires; approximately one year is needed for a young tree. The younger the tree is the easier it is to train. The older the tree is, the longer it takes. This is because the older tree has already formed its shape and the wood is more brittle than a younger tree. The bonsai tree adjusts to the shape the wiring takes. In the first picture to the upper left, you can see the beginning stages of wiring around the trunk. The bottom picture shows that same tree a year later, showing how the tree grew into the shape the wire was in. A wire extending from one part of the trunk to the lower is forcing the tree to grow more towards the left, bringing it inline with the bottom of the trunk. Containers The containers used in Bonsai are much smaller than most plants grow in. They are small and shallow. The containers are usually five inches deep or less, but there are some bonsai containers that exceed those dimensions, especially for the Cascade and Semicascade styles. The size depends on how large the Bonsai tree is, or what style it will grow in, but most pots have very little extra room. The containers are small, ceramic pieces that are often decorated, and are an aesthetic complement to the tree. For example, a tree that has bright red leaves during the fall might have a container that is painted to match the red colors. However, it may be years before a bonsai artist decides on the perfect pot. This picture is an excellent example of a pot complementing the bonsai. The pot is mostly white, and the flowers are also white. This creates harmony between the plant and the container. Typically shaped bonsai containers Unusually shaped bonsai containers. A few are taller than normal.

5 Bonsai: The Art of Growing Trees This is an example of a descriptive booklet. I created this for my English 314 class. We were told to create a document (could be in any style) about a subject we enjoyed for an audience that would have very little familiarity with the topic. I chose to create a booklet on bonsai, because I enjoy the tradition of bonsai and have a good understanding of what it takes to grow one. This booklet is also a good example of my writing; I had to condense 700 years of bonsai knowledge into four 8.5 x11 pages. Some things that we had to include in our booklet was a table of contents, images, and a bibliography for those images. One of my favorite sections of the booklet happens to be about the different bonsai styles. I borrowed the images from many different sources so that I could keep a consistent look for this page. I also added my own callouts when it came to pointing out the structure of each bonsai style. Finally, the hardest part was arranging the text with the images. I had to find a way to show all the styles, so that led to me clumping a few of the lesser known styles together at the bottom of the right hand page. I personally believe that this diversion from the rest of the page layouts is made up by providing more information for the audience members. I also treated specific terms with a bold type. I wanted to call attention to these words because they are important when cultivating a bonsai tree. A beginner to the art would need to learn about these and the techniques. By pointing these terms out, I provided a starting point for interested audience members. The printed product was printed on high quality 70 lb. paper (not a cover stock).the heaviness of the paper helped create credibility and also provided a great paper for printing color, since it was not printed on paper with a special coating for color ink. The final result gave the images a matted look that did not bleed, so the images were still crisp. For the binding I saddle stitched it with two staples. I created this piece in my first class of Technical Communications. Looking back after more experience and classes, I see room for improvement. I would definitely change the font of the text to a more simple serif font, like Times New Roman. I would also change the callout arrows to a bright green instead of a dark purple. The purple is not as noticeable in a few images. The grade I received on this booklet was an A.

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