UNIT 5: WW II AND THE COLD WAR 1. Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world.

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1 UNIT 5: WW II AND THE COLD WAR 1. Examine causes, course, and consequences of World War II on the United States and the world. Cause Course Consequence Treaty of Versailles Great Depression Rise of Fascism in Europe Failure of appeasement (Munich) Failure of the League of Nations Pearl Harbor attack Invasion of Poland Holocaust Defeat of Much of Western Europe by the Nazis Total War Neutrality Acts Cash-and Carry Lend Lease Agreement Pearl Harbor Battle of Stalingrad Island Hopping in the Pacific Manhattan Project D-Day Battle of the Bulge VE-Day: Germans Surrender Nuremberg trials Atomic age Germany divided by Americans and Soviets (Berlin) Rise of the U.S. as a superpower United Nations created 50 million + people killed Japan occupied Marshall Plan rebuilt Europe

2 VJ-Day: Japanese surrender Bataan Death March 2. Examine causes, course, and consequences of the early years of the Cold War (Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, NATO, Warsaw Pact). Cause Course Consequence Communism Atomic Age Soviet control of Eastern Europe Clash of ideologies (Capitalism vs Communism) Mistrust between east and west Strategic concerns Truman Doctrine: US would help countries resisting communism Domino Theory NATO: US led military alliance Warsaw Pact: Soviet led military alliance Berlin Airlift: U.S. dropped food on embargoed area of Germany Marshall Plan: US plan to rebuild war-torn Europe Communist witch hunt Iron Curtain Division of Germany Containment Nuclear Arms Race Space Race Hollywood 10 Bay of Pigs invasion Cuban Missile Crisis Heightened tensions between east and west Threat of nuclear war and the destruction of mankind

3 3. Examine the controversy surrounding the proliferation of nuclear technology in the United States and the world. Created the possibility of mankind being wiped out Countries tried to prevent the proliferation of nukes H-Bomb Radiation pollution 4. Examine causes, course, and consequences of the Korean War. Cause Course Consequence Communist takeover in N. Korea 38 th Parallel violation by the North Koreans N. Korea invades S. Korea to unify the country under communism U.S. led United Nations coalition intervenes to support the South China supports the North Douglas MacArthur fired by Truman for insubordination 38 th Parallel Armistice between the North and South Continued tension on the peninsula Creation of a DMZ 5. Analyze significant foreign policy events during the Truman, Eisenhower, Kennedy, Johnson, and Nixon administrations. Truman Eisenhower Kennedy Johnson Nixon Truman Doctrine Korean War Eisenhower Doctrine Bay of Pigs Invasion Immigration Act of 1965 SALT Treaty

4 Marshall Plan Potsdam Conference Cold War Tensions Vietnam War Cold War Tensions Cuban Missile Crisis Vietnam War Cold War Tensions Escalated the Vietnam War Cold War Tensions Visited Communist China Vietnam War Ended Cold War Tensions Peace Corps 6. Analyze causes, course, and consequences of the Vietnam War. Cause Course Consequence Vietnamese desire for independence from France Spread of Communism to Northern Vietnam through Ho Chi Minh Truman Doctrine Containment Policy Vietcong defeat French U.S. intervene Gulf of Tonkin Incident War escalated greatly under Johnson Operation Rolling Thunder bombing campaign Search and Destroy Tet Offensive Anti-war movement in the U.S. Distrust of government/credibility gap War Powers Act Resignation of Lyndon Johnson Thousands of US soldiers killed

5 Draft card burning My Lai Massacre Use of Agent Orange Bombing of Cambodia Televised war 7. Examine key events and peoples in Florida history as they relate to United States history. German U-boats sank ships off the coast of Florida Mary McLeod Bethune was a consultant to the United Nations Cape Canaveral Kennedy Space Center Florida producers sold orange juice, cattle, and other products to the military 8. Describe the United States response in the early years of World War II (Neutrality Acts, Cash and Carry, Lend Lease Act). Neutrality Acts: Law passed by congress to limit the United States involvement in World War II Cash-and Carry: U.S. Policy that permitted the sale of arms to allied countries in world war II. The countries were required to pay up front and transport the items on their own vessels Lend Lease Agreement: U.S. Policy that permitted the British to pay for U.S. arms at a later date in return for the right to establish U.S. naval bases on British territories.

6 9. Analyze the impact of the Holocaust during World War II on Jews as well as other groups. Systematic murder of people across Europe considered inferior by the Nazis Anti-Semitic Laws Kristallnacht Forced emigration Final Solution/Genocide State of Israel 10. Examine efforts to expand or contract rights for various populations during World War II. Movement of Japanese Americans into internment camps Great Migration: Mass exodus of African Americans to north Segregated military Women filled men s roles in the work place Native Americans served as code breakers in the military African Americans served in segregated units Latino s served in the military 11. Explain the impact of World War II on domestic government policy. Espionage and Sedition Acts: Limited freedom of speech in the name of national security rationing

7 Propaganda: one sided messages that come in the form of posters, radio broadcasts, articles, songs, movies etc. That are intended to demonize the enemy or solicit support for a cause. Increase in Jobs for Minorities War Production Board Total War War Bonds Selective Service Act: drafted men 18 and up into the military 12. Analyze the use of atomic weapons during World War II and the aftermath of the bombings. Manhattan Project led to the development of the Atomic Bomb U.S. used the atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki Hundreds of thousands of deaths from radiation Forced Japan to surrender Changed views on war and national security Proliferation of atomic weapons COLD WAR 13. Describe the attempts to promote international justice through the Nuremberg Trials. Military tribunals that held Nazi war criminals responsible for their actions during the war. Genocide

8 Crimes Against Humanity Mistreatment of prisoners Nazi were sentenced to years in prison, some were executed 14. Analyze the effects of the Red Scare on domestic United States policy. Fear of the spread of communism to America Black List McCarthyism Palmer Raids House of Un American Activities Hollywood Describe the rationale for the formation of the United Nations, including the contribution of Mary McLeod Bethune. The Failures of the League of Nations Desire to maintain world peace Sat on the first advisory committee

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