How Culture Affects your Business Ing. Mansoor Maitah Ph.D.

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1 How Culture Affects your Business Ing. Mansoor Maitah Ph.D.

2 How Culure Affects your Business

3 The Reasons of Growing Interest in Culture Study 1) The globalization of business, 2) Quantum advances in telecommunications and data processing, 3) The formation of global alliances, 4) The growing diversity in the domestic workforce, 5) The increasing mobility of workforce worldwide.

4 Culture Definition Culture is the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of one human group from another Culture is patterned ways of thinking, feeling and reacting, acquired and transmitted mainly by symbols Culture is the guider of selection of appropriate responses in social situations, social interactions, business interactions Culture is a learned behavior. People learn do s & don t as they grow up

5 Culture Definition A system of values and norms that are shared among a group of people and that when taken together constitute a design for living. Hofstede, Namenwirth and Weber

6 Values and norms Values: Abstract ideas/assumptions about what a group believes to be good, right and desirable Norms: social rules and guidelines that prescribe appropriate behavior in particular situations

7 Elements of culture Social structure Religion Language Education Economic philosophy Political philosophy

8 Social structure Two dimensions The extent to which society is group or individually oriented Degree of stratification into castes or classes Social mobility Significance to business Other influences Political philosophy Economic philosophy

9 Language Spoken Verbal cues Language structures perception of world Unspoken Body language Personal space

10 Hofstede s cultural dimensions Four dimensions of culture Power distance Individualism versus collectivism Uncertainty avoidance Masculinity versus femininity

11 Concept of European culture Common roots of national cultures in Europe: 1. Heritage of Greek Culture and Knowledge 2. Roots in Roman Empire 3. Christianity and its Religional Tradition

12 Does exist European culture??? Something similar is to find the answer on the question, if there is a meaning of life or not, and if yes, what??? It depends from individuals, what they think, because each person has its own opinion.

13

14 Impact of Culture Culture affects Consumer behavior Local demand Buying decisions Brand Image Culture influences managerial styles and management decisions Culture affects the nature of business negotiations

15 Importance of Culture Knowledge of Native culture is useful when dealing with home markets but it has little value when dealing in foreign markets Culture acts as a hidden entry barrier, but it can be overcome with cultural sensitivity, hard work & quality Managerial behavior is driven by his/her cultural knowledge

16 Culture Across Countries Some countries are multicultural:- India, China, US, Russia. These countries have several sub-cultures...51 nations in China!!!! While many are monocultural. UK, France, Germany, Columbia, Peru etc. Culture is the Silent Language in International business Relationship with Time & Space High Context Low context cultures and direct, indirect behaving Body language

17 Cultural Dilemmas Managers face cultural dilemmas due to differences in cultures Modenization versus westernization Individualism Vs Collectivism in decision making Specific Vs General Attitudes towards Time Attitudes towards Environment

18 Culture & Symbols Kiss, Bow, or Shake Hands!!!! Women and religion in muslim world!!! The number 7 is considered bad luck in Kenya, good luck in Czech Republic Number 8 in China always and everywhere Avoid using triangular shapes in Hong Kong, Korea and Taiwan. It is considered a negative shape. The number 4 means Death in Japan and China Gift giving-how to choose it!!!!

19 Culture & Doing Business The aim of business is the same everywhere, but the way to do it varies across countries Global Managers must be able to handle Culture shock Similar business situations in different countries does not imply similar opportunities. Alcohol in muslim world,...etc. Culture influences Management skills. So in a new country, its Back-to-Basics... learning local culture

20 Culture & Managerial Skills Culture defines a set of acceptable & unacceptable behaviors, which forms the basis of Way of doing Business Managers learn how to do business. This process is called Enculturalization and Socialization How consumers behave How to manage people, supplier & subordinates What guides the consumer behavior Acceptable Behavior in business is usually acceptable behavior in society

21 Culture & Negotiations Global business involves cross cultural negotiations, establishing relationships with suppliers, customers, distributors & other partners Know whom you are dealing with In some cultures, 10AM means Sometime in the morning. Actual time on the clock has little significance.

22 Limits to Cultural Sensitivity When not to be culturally sensitive Global Culture: Globalization is creating a global business culture. In business it may be inappropriate to dress in a local way. Cultural Sensitivity must be inline with the business model. If the product/service offering does not meet the buyer requirement, no amount of cultural sensitivity will help Cultural Sensitivity does not mean giving up one s own culture. Successful manager will know both the cultures

23 Business Marketing Tasks Establish the global firm as a dependable supplier operating in the local market Understand buyer s position People who influence the buying decision Role of the supplier s product/service in the buyer s business success This will make the local buyer treat the global supplier as a local firm.

24 Foreign Entry Culture defines The way to do Business Learn & analyze local cultures before entry Do s & don ts Identify trustworthy local agents Identify danger signals Know the strengths & weakness as perceived by the local culture Establish trust & friendships New Culture is an operational risk

25 American Society Dignity of Individuals Japanese Society In the same boat concept Dignity of individuals Individuals work ethic Great individuals freedom Respect for rules A open and transparent society Multi-cultural society A society excelling in creativity and versatility Individual decisions over consensus A society which pursue that ideal Human relation oriented Dependence on the group Lack of individuals freedom Low regard for rules A close society, lacking in transparency Mono-cultural society An orderly and uniform society Dependence on consensus A society which pursue harmony with reality

26 Corruption Perception Index* (Selected Countries 1997&1998) Country CPI 1997 CPI 1998 Country CPI 1997 CPI 1998 Denmark (1) Italy (30) Finland ((2) S. Korea (34) Norway (7) Brazil (36) Singapore (9) China (41) Switzerland (11) India (45) USA (16) Mexico (47) France (20) Russia (49) Czech Rep. (27) Nigeria (52) The ranking is based on 52 countries studied The maximum 10 would be corrupt free country

27 Cross-Culture Training Methods Area Briefing Books Sensitivity Training Field Trips Field Experience

28 Thank You for your Attention

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