Science Rationale. Status of Deforestation Measurement. Main points for carbon. Measurement needs. Some Comments Dave Skole

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Science Rationale. Status of Deforestation Measurement. Main points for carbon. Measurement needs. Some Comments Dave Skole"

Transcription

1 Science Rationale Status of Deforestation Measurement Some Comments Dave Skole Tropical deforestation is related to: Carbon cycle and biotic emissions/sequestration Ecosystems and biodiversity Water and the hydrologic cycle Land use and cover change dynamics Natural resource management Measurement needs Special need for high resolution data Degradation, cf. logging (carbon) Spatial pattern of fragments, clearing, regen. (eco/biodiversity) Size and distribution of clearing for heat flux (water/climate) Spatial interaction of land use agents (LCLUC) Forest inventory and measurement (NRM) Main points for carbon Deforestation is dynamic losses and regeneration Deforestation is complex varies over time and place Deforestation occurs through a range of states, from very obvious clearing to subtle degradation Land use change leaves a mosaic of various cover types and cover states in the landscape These mosaics have memory, that is manifested in long term sources, and sinks in regrowth and soil OM storage Changes in stocks changes in area, changes in density -- and changes in fluxes, which vary with time

2 Geography and timing Some important issues include geography and timing Geography in the broader context to include spatial pattern Past deforestation may currently be regenerating; in regions where current deforestation is declining and there are larger regenerating areas (reflecting a history of large deforestation rates), such asynchronies may be important. Considerable evidence for large areas of regeneration, and for considerably variable rates of clearing Multiple changes in one landscape The current landscape is a mosaic, or record, of current and past land use and cover changes Variation exists at fine temporal and spatial scale Variation exists across classes of cover (from conversion) and within classes of cover (from modification or degradation) History has created a more complex landscape We know nothing about the processes which form this landscapes over time, nor do we have good measures (maps) of these landscapes themselves. Our prognostic ability is severely limited Observations: extent and density Carbon flux over space We can now focus on making direct observations of changes in forest extent (both increase and decrease) and density This can be done using frequent (annual) observations from high spatial resolution remote sensing in conjunction with a coupled land use-carbon models. This approach complements, but is more direct in determining the land use component, than use of other measures of changes in forest carbon from stand inventory data alone (Casperson et al. 2000)

3 Carbon flux over time Net Flux Year

4 Global Emissions from Land Use Change da = F + B -O-b 3.5 = = 5.1 Difference is The Missing Sink 90% due to deforestation [20% descrease Forest Area] Historically Total emissions of C [deforestation and fossil-fuel burning] 450 PgC [ PgC from land use change] + 90 ppm CO 2 in the atmosphere 1 Pg C = 1,000,000,000,000,000 g C [40 ppm due to changes in land use] From 1850 to 1990 (a billion tones) 124 Pg emitted due to land use change 60% in tropical areas %40 in temperate areas Houghton et al. 1999, Houghton 1999, Defries et al. 1999, IPCC-TAR 2001 Global Carbon Budget - The fate of CO 2 Period Pg C/yr (6.3 Pg Fossil Fuel) (1.6 Pg Land Use) After IPCC, TAR PgC/yr - Atmosphere 2.9 PgC/yr - Oceans 1.3 PgC/yr - Terrestrial Ecosystems 6,3 Fossil Fuel Annual Net Flux of Carbon (Pg) Net Annual Flux of Carbon from Changes in Land Use North America Tropical Asia Latin America Africa China Year Houghton 1999

5 Global CO 2 Budgets (Pg/yr) 1980 s Atmospheric Increase +3.3± ±0.1 Emissions (fossil fuel, cement) +5.5 ± ±0.4 Ocean-Atmosphere Flux -2.0 ± ±0.5 Land-Atmosphere Flux -0.2 ± ±0.6 - Atmospheric constraints of Global C sources and sinks - Location of Global C Sources and Sinks CO 2 Flask Network and Inverse Modeling Land-Use Change(80 s) +1.6 (0.5 to 2.4) Residual Terrestrial Sink (-3.7 to +0.4) IPCC, TAR 2001 NOAA-CMDL 1999 Inverse Model Estimates of CO 2 Uptake (7 Models) Biological C Sources and Sinks to Pg C/yr 0.0 Pg C Pg C/yr Pg C/yr Pg C/yr IPCC, TAR, 2001

6 Inverse Modeling Calculations of C Sources and Sinks North America: 1.6 PgC/yr Euroasia: 0.5 PgC/yr Pg C/yr Inverse Modeling Calculations of Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks Fan et al TM GlobalView-CO 2 Ciais et al 2000 Current Terrestrial Sinks Potential Driving Mechanisms CO 2 fertilization Nitrogen fertilization Climate change Regrowth of previously harvested forests Reforestation / Afforestation Regrowth of previously disturbed forests Fire, wind, insects Fire suppression Decreased deforestation Improved agriculture Sediment burial Future: Terrestrial Carbon Management (e.g., Kyoto) Land Use/Cover Change

7 Slashing and Burning Forest Pasture Burned

8 Forest (selective logging) Logging access roads Burning Skidder trails Slashed Pasture Landsat ETM+, RGB 5/4/3 230/ (selective logging) Logging storage areas (patios) Current approaches: deforestation Tree fall gaps Stumps FAO: semi decadal survey Originally focused on country reports Somewhat unverifiable; aggregate Regional case studies: synoptic epochs Landsat Pathfinder: pan-amazon, C. Africa, SE Asia Spatial analysis with Landsat

9 Global Deforestation Based on Hot Spots Current approaches: Forest extent Global analyses of Land cover: forest extent for a date IGBP, UMd, USGS, FAO Percent Tree Cover: snapshot first time to introduce concept of density Change in Percent Tree Cover

10 Selective logging, degradation and cryptic deforestation

11 Selective logging detection Visual Interpretation Technique Automatic Analysis (textural algorithm band5) Obvious logging Subtle logging Buffer radius around log landings Note: The buffer radius for the State of Rondonia and Acre is 450 m. Other States buffer radius is 180 m.

12 Forest, Deforestation, and Regeneration Mato Grosso,, Brazil, path/row 226/068 Forest, Deforestation, Regeneration and Logging Forest, Deforestation, and Logging Mato Grosso,, Brazil, path/row 226/068 Mato Grosso,, Brazil, path/row 226/068

13 Forest, Deforestation, Regeneration, Logging, and Fire Selective logging detected in 1996 Mato Grosso,, Brazil, path/row 226/068 Selective logging detected in 1999

14 Validation: Mato Grosso case study Comparison between Landsat and Ikonos Methodology validation: Rondonia case study Validation: Rondonia case study Textural image (Landsat ETM+, Band 5) Buffer radius (450m) around log landings Forest inventory Patio, road, and tree locations

15 Validation: Rondonia case study (results) Concluding comments Small changes in large numbers Amazon has been the easy case Degradation will be important for carbon even if its less so for land use: logging is the easy case Accuracy for conventions may be more difficult than for carbon Data acquisition scenarios are bleak

Integrated Global Carbon Observations. Beverly Law Prof. Global Change Forest Science Science Chair, AmeriFlux Network Oregon State University

Integrated Global Carbon Observations. Beverly Law Prof. Global Change Forest Science Science Chair, AmeriFlux Network Oregon State University Integrated Global Carbon Observations Beverly Law Prof. Global Change Forest Science Science Chair, AmeriFlux Network Oregon State University Total Anthropogenic Emissions 2008 Total Anthropogenic CO 2

More information

Focus for Activities

Focus for Activities LBA Science Focus How does land cover change deforestation, regeneration, logging affect the functioning of the basin Requires: improved understanding of rates of LC forcings rates, patterns, intensty

More information

5.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL

5.5 QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL 0 0 0. QUALITY ASSURANCE AND QUALITY CONTROL.. Introduction The IPCC Good Practice Guidance and Uncertainty Management (GPG000, IPCC, 000), Chapter, Quality Assurance and Quality Control, defines quality

More information

Tropical Deforestation

Tropical Deforestation November 1998 FS-1998-11-120-GSFC The Earth Science Enterprise Series These articles discuss Earth s many dynamic processes and their interactions Tropical he clearing of tropical forests across the T

More information

CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH. Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore

CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH. Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore CLIMATE CHANGE & FORESTS; STATUS OF SCIENCE, POLICY & RESEARCH Prof. Ravindranath Indian Institute of Science Bangalore Forests and climate change 1. Deforestation and land use change contribute to CO

More information

Detection of Selective Logging for Estimating and Monitoring Forest Degradation: methodologies and experiences in Brazil

Detection of Selective Logging for Estimating and Monitoring Forest Degradation: methodologies and experiences in Brazil Detection of Selective Logging for Estimating and Monitoring Forest Degradation: methodologies and experiences in Brazil Thelma Krug National Institute for Space Research INPE Ministry of Science and Technology

More information

Forest carbon sequestration and climate change. Dr Brian Tobin University College Dublin

Forest carbon sequestration and climate change. Dr Brian Tobin University College Dublin Forest carbon sequestration and climate change Dr Brian Tobin University College Dublin Overview Sequestration what is it & why important? Role of forests in climate change CARBiFOR research project Forest

More information

National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC

National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC National and Sub-national Carbon monitoring tools developed at the WHRC Nadine Laporte Woods Hole Research Center A. Baccini, W. Walker, S. Goetz, M. Sun, J. Kellndorfer Kigali, 20 th June 2011 Why measuring

More information

Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation?

Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation? Reducing emissions from deforestation in developing countries under the UNFCCC. A new opportunity for promoting forest conservation? ANNALISA SAVARESI PhD Fellow Faculty of Law University of Copenhagen

More information

Innovation and new land monitoring services for climate change, forests and agroforestry

Innovation and new land monitoring services for climate change, forests and agroforestry Innovation and new land monitoring services for climate change, forests and agroforestry Martin Herold Wageningen University Center for Geoinformation Current distribution of aboveground biomass Terrestrial

More information

TREES 3 Forest monitoring from satellite remote sensing

TREES 3 Forest monitoring from satellite remote sensing TREES 3 Forest monitoring from satellite remote sensing TREES-III 2007-2013 Rationale: 1. to reduce uncertainties in global estimates of forest cover change and related biosphere-atmosphere processes with

More information

MRV Document 2 of 2: Technical Specifications for the Emissions Calculator

MRV Document 2 of 2: Technical Specifications for the Emissions Calculator MRV Document 2 of 2: Technical Specifications for the Emissions Calculator The purpose of this document is to provide a transparent explanation for the process used to calculate greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions

More information

Jeongho SEO, Kyeonghak LEE, Raehyun KIM Korea Forest Research Institute. 6~8. Sept. 2007 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Jeongho SEO, Kyeonghak LEE, Raehyun KIM Korea Forest Research Institute. 6~8. Sept. 2007 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia 5 th Workshop on GHG Inventory in Asia Jeongho SEO, Kyeonghak LEE, Raehyun KIM Korea Forest Research Institute 6~8. Sept. 2007 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Contents 1/ 32 Background 2/ 32 Land Use and Forestry

More information

Potential of RS/GIS data for GHG inventory in forest sector. Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute. Yasumsa Hirata F F P R I

Potential of RS/GIS data for GHG inventory in forest sector. Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute. Yasumsa Hirata F F P R I Potential of RS/GIS data for GHG inventory in forest sector Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute Yasumsa Hirata Forest monitoring using remote sensing Unique technique of forest monitoring widely

More information

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) REDD Opportunities and Challenges for Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) REDD Opportunities and Challenges for Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction Federal Agency for Nature Conservation (BfN) REDD Opportunities and Challenges for Biodiversity Conservation and Poverty Reduction Dr. Susanne Lehmann Division International Nature Conservation 23 September

More information

Supporting Online Material for Achard (RE 1070656) scheduled for 8/9/02 issue of Science

Supporting Online Material for Achard (RE 1070656) scheduled for 8/9/02 issue of Science Supporting Online Material for Achard (RE 1070656) scheduled for 8/9/02 issue of Science Materials and Methods Overview Forest cover change is calculated using a sample of 102 observations distributed

More information

Unit 8: Global Problems. Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management

Unit 8: Global Problems. Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management Unit 8: Global Problems Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management 1. Forests Types & Importance 2. Temperate Deforestation old growth forest, U.S. & Canada 3. Tropical Deforestation clearing & degrading

More information

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation

Discussion Paper. Tropical Forest Deforestation Discussion Paper Tropical Forest Deforestation December 2014 Author: Eimear Dempsey (email: eimear@naturalforeststandard.com) Published: 2 December 2014 Introduction Tropical Forests can vary widely in

More information

Status of the World s Soil Resources

Status of the World s Soil Resources 5 December 2015 Status of the World s Soil Resources The Intergovernmental Technical Panel on Soils (ITPS), the main scientific advisory body to the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) hosted by the Food and

More information

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are:

Six greenhouse gases covered by the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol are: Fact sheet: The need for mitigation United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Along with adaptation, mitigation is one of the two central approaches in the international climate change process.

More information

Atmospheric- and ground-based studies indicate that the

Atmospheric- and ground-based studies indicate that the Projecting the future of the U.S. carbon sink G. C. Hurtt*, S. W. Pacala, P. R. Moorcroft, J. Caspersen, E. Shevliakova, R. A. Houghton, and B. Moore III* *Institute for the Study of Earth Oceans and Space,

More information

Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change. Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member

Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change. Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change Yemiru Tesfaye (PhD) SESA Task Force Member Climate change & the Role of Forests to Climate Change What are the signs that climate change is occurring?

More information

Forest landscape restoration SKS Focali meeting, Jönköping 11 jan 2013

Forest landscape restoration SKS Focali meeting, Jönköping 11 jan 2013 Forest landscape restoration SKS Focali meeting, Jönköping 11 jan 2013 Anders Malmer Theme leader at SLU Global for Restoration of degraded rural landscapes Theme leader for Focali for Climate assessed

More information

Defining Forest Degradation for an Effective Mechanism to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)

Defining Forest Degradation for an Effective Mechanism to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Defining Forest Degradation for an Effective Mechanism to Reduce Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Background Sean Cadman October 2008 1 At the request of the Bali COP, SBSTA convened

More information

ORIGINS OF THE LCLUC PROGRAM. Dave Skole. Michigan State University

ORIGINS OF THE LCLUC PROGRAM. Dave Skole. Michigan State University ORIGINS OF THE LCLUC PROGRAM Dave Skole. Michigan State University Years Ago perhaps before ppt IGBP Core Project on Land Use and Cover Change (LUCC) Ca. 1992-1995 Begins thinking on land use and cover

More information

Emissions de CO 2 et objectifs climatiques

Emissions de CO 2 et objectifs climatiques Emissions de CO 2 et objectifs climatiques Pierre Friedlingstein University of Exeter, UK Plus many IPCC WG1 authors and GCP colleagues Yann Arthus-Bertrand / Altitude Recent trends in anthropogenic CO

More information

Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies. Chien Wang (MIT)

Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies. Chien Wang (MIT) Potential Climate Impact of Large-Scale Deployment of Renewable Energy Technologies Chien Wang (MIT) 1. A large-scale installation of windmills Desired Energy Output: supply 10% of the estimated world

More information

What does our carbon cost us? Analytical methods to estimate the opportunity costs of REDD

What does our carbon cost us? Analytical methods to estimate the opportunity costs of REDD What does our carbon cost us? Analytical methods to estimate the opportunity costs of REDD Vanessa Meadu, Doug White, Peter Minang ASB Partnership for the Tropical Forest Margins What costs and Benefits?

More information

Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives

Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives Assessing potential biodiversity impacts of policies that address drivers of deforestation to achieve REDD+ objectives Dr Valerie Kapos Dr Rebecca Mant REDD+ and drivers of deforestation REDD + (a) Reducing

More information

Data Management Framework for the North American Carbon Program

Data Management Framework for the North American Carbon Program Data Management Framework for the North American Carbon Program Bob Cook, Peter Thornton, and the Steering Committee Image courtesy of NASA/GSFC NACP Data Management Planning Workshop New Orleans, LA January

More information

Forests and Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation through Sustainable Forest Management

Forests and Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation through Sustainable Forest Management Forests and Climate Change: Mitigation and Adaptation through Sustainable Forest Management Remarks presented by Mr. Pekka Patosaari, Director, UN Forum on Forests Secretariat To the 60 th Annual DPI /

More information

Temporal patterns of land-use change and carbon storage in China and tropical Asia

Temporal patterns of land-use change and carbon storage in China and tropical Asia Vol. 45 Supp. SCIENCE IN CHINA (Series C) October 2002 Temporal patterns of land-use change and carbon storage in China and tropical Asia R. A. Houghton Woods Hole Research Center, P.O. Box 296, Woods

More information

DEFORESTATION IN BRAZIL. Jake Gust ANR 250. Michigan State University

DEFORESTATION IN BRAZIL. Jake Gust ANR 250. Michigan State University Deforestation in Brazil 1 Running Head: DEFORESTATION IN BRAZIL DEFORESTATION IN BRAZIL Jake Gust ANR 250 Michigan State University Deforestation in Brazil 2 Abstract Deforestation in the Amazon Rainforest

More information

Global Climate Change: Carbon Reporting Initiative

Global Climate Change: Carbon Reporting Initiative United States Agency for International Development Cooperative Agreement No. EEM-A-00-06-00024-00 Global Climate Change: Carbon Reporting Initiative January 2012 Submitted by: Nancy Harris Ecosystem Services

More information

An assessment of national forest monitoring capabilities in tropical non-annex I countries: Recommendations for capacity building

An assessment of national forest monitoring capabilities in tropical non-annex I countries: Recommendations for capacity building Global Observation of Forest and Land Cover Dynamics Land Cover Project Office An assessment of national forest capabilities in tropical non-annex I countries: Recommendations for capacity building Prepared

More information

Threats to tropical forests

Threats to tropical forests Threats to tropical forests and what we can do about it Ryszard Laskowski Institute of Environmental Sciences Jagiellonian University www.eko.uj.edu.pl/laskowski 1/22 Human activities: dangers and hopes

More information

SUPPORTING FACTSHEET

SUPPORTING FACTSHEET SUPPORTING FACTSHEET 13 August 2015 Progress towards delivering Asia Pulp & Paper Group s peatland commitments OVERVIEW... 2 APP CONSERVATION MILESTONES... 2 CONTEXT... 2 Indonesia scommitment to greenhouse

More information

Supporting Online Material for

Supporting Online Material for Originally published 14 July 2011; corrected 11 August 2011 www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/full/science.1201609/dc1 Supporting Online Material for A Large and Persistent Carbon Sink in the World s Forests

More information

Global Warming: The Human Dimension. Focus the Nation Tulane University 31 January 2008

Global Warming: The Human Dimension. Focus the Nation Tulane University 31 January 2008 Global Warming: The Human Dimension Focus the Nation Tulane University 31 January 2008 William Balée Professor of Anthropology Director of Environmental Studies Program School of Liberal Arts Tulane University

More information

Direct and Indirect Causes of Deforestation. Daniel Murdiyarso CIFOR

Direct and Indirect Causes of Deforestation. Daniel Murdiyarso CIFOR Direct and Indirect Causes of Deforestation Daniel Murdiyarso CIFOR Seminar on Climate Change, Agriculture and Trade Bogor, 12 May 2008 Outline Introduction Decreasing forest cover Causes of deforestation

More information

Technical paper. Summary

Technical paper. Summary UNITED NATIONS Distr. GENERAL FCCC/TP/2009/1 31 May 2009 ENGLISH ONLY Cost of implementing methodologies and monitoring systems relating to estimates of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation,

More information

Intervention Summary. Low carbon agriculture for avoided deforestation and poverty reduction in Brazil. August 2013

Intervention Summary. Low carbon agriculture for avoided deforestation and poverty reduction in Brazil. August 2013 Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Intervention Summary Low carbon agriculture for avoided deforestation and poverty reduction in Brazil August 2013 Crown copyright 2013 You may re-use

More information

BCD s = NDVI s

BCD s = NDVI s Text S1. Estimation on change in shrub and grassland biomass The change in shrub and grassland biomass over East Asia during 1990-2009 was estimated using an empirical approach developed by Piao et al.

More information

REDD+ Decision Support Toolbox Hands on exercise Marco van der Linden

REDD+ Decision Support Toolbox Hands on exercise Marco van der Linden REDD+ Decision Support Toolbox Hands on exercise Marco van der Linden REDD+ Monitoring and MRV Workshop Training of Trainers Addis Ababa September 19-23, 2016 REDD+ DST MODULES 1. REDD+ Design Choose scale

More information

Deforestation in the Amazon: Effects on Climate Change

Deforestation in the Amazon: Effects on Climate Change Deforestation in the Amazon: Effects on Climate Change GG 612 Global Climate Change October 31, 1999 Prof. Myneni Ashley L. Vandegrift Forests are most often defined as ecosystems with a minimum of 10%

More information

THE DIMINISHING TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND CURE

THE DIMINISHING TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND CURE THE DIMINISHING TROPICAL RAIN FORESTS: CAUSES, SYMPTOMS AND CURE First Asia Head of Research Councils (Asia HORCs) Joint Symposium on Biodiversity, Characteristics Conservation and Sustainable Use July

More information

The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide

The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide 3 The Carbon Cycle and Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Co-ordinating Lead Author I.C. Prentice Lead Authors G.D. Farquhar, M.J.R. Fasham, M.L. Goulden, M. Heimann, V.J. Jaramillo, H.S. Kheshgi, C. Le Quéré,

More information

The relationship between forest biodiversity, ecosystem resilience, and carbon storage

The relationship between forest biodiversity, ecosystem resilience, and carbon storage The relationship between forest biodiversity, ecosystem resilience, and carbon storage Ian Thompson, Canadian Forest Service Brendan Mackey, Australian National University Alex Mosseler, Canadian Forest

More information

Simple carbon cycle. Basics

Simple carbon cycle. Basics Carbon Cycle Simple carbon cycle Basics Reservoirs fluxes and residence times Reservoirs: pools of carbon that can be uniquely defined Fluxes: the rate of movement of carbon form one reservoir to another

More information

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann

Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management. Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Technology For Adaptation. Forestry Conservation Management Dr. Javier Aliaga Lordemann Forests has more carbon store than the currently carbon free atmosphere. By contrast, are important sources of emissions

More information

Lungs of the Planet. 1. Based on the equations above, describe how the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration relate to each other.

Lungs of the Planet. 1. Based on the equations above, describe how the processes of photosynthesis and cellular respiration relate to each other. Lungs of the Planet Name: Date: Why do people call rain forests the lungs of the planet? Usually it is because people think that the rain forests produce most of the oxygen we breathe. But do they? To

More information

Report of the technical assessment of the proposed forest reference emission level of Brazil submitted in 2014

Report of the technical assessment of the proposed forest reference emission level of Brazil submitted in 2014 United Nations FCCC/TAR/2014/BRA Distr.: General 1 December 2014 English only Report of the technical assessment of the proposed forest reference emission level of Brazil submitted in 2014 Summary This

More information

Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture

Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation and Sustainability in Agriculture Mannava V.K. Sivakumar Robert Stefanski World Meteorological Organization 1 Presentation Sustainability the concept and definitions

More information

Cover photos: Seven themes of sustainable forest management Left, top to bottom: Forest biological diversity (M.P. Wilkie); Forest health and

Cover photos: Seven themes of sustainable forest management Left, top to bottom: Forest biological diversity (M.P. Wilkie); Forest health and Cover photos: Seven themes of sustainable forest management Left, top to bottom: Forest biological diversity (M.P. Wilkie); Forest health and vitality (FAO/FO-0506/C. Palmberg Lerche); Productive functions

More information

Background for marketing carbon from forest growth in the US. B.S. Folegatti and M.F. Smidt

Background for marketing carbon from forest growth in the US. B.S. Folegatti and M.F. Smidt Background for marketing carbon from forest growth in the US. B.S. Folegatti and M.F. Smidt Global Warming The global climate is believed to be changing in response to the release of large amounts of heat-trapping

More information

Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD)

Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) Reduced Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation (REDD) Juha Siikamäki Resources for the Future Fifth ECP Seminar THE FINANCIAL ARCHITECTURE FOR THE POST-2012 PERIOD Brussels, 30 September 2008 1 Deforestation

More information

FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS

FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS FIRST NATIONAL COMMUNICATIONS OF KENYA PROBLEMS AND CONSTRAINTS CONTENT OF THE 1 ST NATIONAL COMMUNICATION 9 Chapters Executive Summary National Circumstances Sustainable Development GHG Inventory Vulnerability

More information

Developing country roadmaps

Developing country roadmaps Developing country roadmaps Establishment of a system for monitoring, reporting, and verification of REDD+ in Guyana Requirements for national MRV system: International: principles and procedures specified

More information

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management tutorial by Paul Rich 1. Forests Types & Importance Outline 2. Temperate Deforestation old growth forest, U.S. & Canada 3. Tropical

More information

Establishing ecologically sustainable forest biomass supply chains: A case study in the boreal forest of Canada

Establishing ecologically sustainable forest biomass supply chains: A case study in the boreal forest of Canada Establishing ecologically sustainable forest biomass supply chains: A case study in the boreal forest of Canada Evelyne Thiffault Canadian Forest Service David Paré Canadian Forest Service Sylvain Volpé

More information

How We Know Global Warming is Real The science behind human-induced climate change Tapio Schneider

How We Know Global Warming is Real The science behind human-induced climate change Tapio Schneider How We Know Global Warming is Real The science behind human-induced climate change Tapio Schneider Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations are higher today than at any time in at least the past 650,000

More information

Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity

Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Status and Trends of Global Biodiversity: Third Edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook Erie Tamale Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity Scope of the Presentation Status and trends

More information

SUSTAINABILITY OF WOODY BIOMASS PRODUCTION

SUSTAINABILITY OF WOODY BIOMASS PRODUCTION SUSTAINABILITY OF WOODY BIOMASS PRODUCTION Potential Environmental Benefits and Concerns Robert Bilby, Ph D. Chief Environmental Scientist Weyerhaeuser Company WEYERHAEUSER: FOREST PRODUCTS LEADERSHIP

More information

New Zealand submission to SBSTA Initial views on Issues related to more comprehensive LULUCF accounting. April 2013

New Zealand submission to SBSTA Initial views on Issues related to more comprehensive LULUCF accounting. April 2013 New Zealand submission to SBSTA Initial views on Issues related to more comprehensive LULUCF accounting April 2013 Context 1. CMP 7 requested SBSTA to consider more comprehensive accounting for anthropogenic

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Forestry. Coordinating Lead Authors: Lead Authors: Contributing Authors: Review Editors: This chapter should be cited as:

Forestry. Coordinating Lead Authors: Lead Authors: Contributing Authors: Review Editors: This chapter should be cited as: 9 Coordinating Lead Authors: Gert Jan Nabuurs (The Netherlands), Omar Masera (Mexico) Lead Authors: Kenneth Andrasko (USA), Pablo Benitez-Ponce (Equador), Rizaldi Boer (Indonesia), Michael Dutschke (Germany),

More information

Lower Secondary Geography

Lower Secondary Geography Topic Level / Course Duration Overview Key Geographical Concepts Tropical rainforest: How can we save the rainforest? Sec 1 Express/Normal (Academic) 10 periods (based on 30 min per period) for 1E 14 periods

More information

Impacts of air pollution on human health, ecosystems and cultural heritage

Impacts of air pollution on human health, ecosystems and cultural heritage Impacts of air pollution on human health, ecosystems and cultural heritage Air pollution causes damage to human health, crops, ecosystems and cultural heritage The scientific data presented in this brochure

More information

Deforestation Contributes to Global Warming

Deforestation Contributes to Global Warming Département de Génie Energétique et Environnement INSA Lyon, France Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering Luleå University of Technology Luleå, Sweden Deforestation Contributes to Global Warming

More information

Data Management for the North American Carbon Program

Data Management for the North American Carbon Program Image courtesy of NASA/GSFC Data Management for the North American Carbon Program Bob Cook, Eric Sundquist, Tom Boden,, and Peter Thornton RS in NACP Workshop Missoula, MT August 20, 2004 NACP Data and

More information

Climate Change and Biomes

Climate Change and Biomes Climate Change and Biomes Key Concepts: Greenhouse Gas WHAT YOU WILL LEARN Biome Climate zone Greenhouse gases 1. You will learn the difference between weather and climate. 2. You will analyze the effect

More information

Remote Sensing Method in Implementing REDD+

Remote Sensing Method in Implementing REDD+ Remote Sensing Method in Implementing REDD+ FRIM-FFPRI Research on Development of Carbon Monitoring Methodology for REDD+ in Malaysia Remote Sensing Component Mohd Azahari Faidi, Hamdan Omar, Khali Aziz

More information

INPE s Brazilian Amazon Deforestation and Forest Degradation Program. Dalton M. Valeriano (dalton@dsr.inpe.br) Program Manager

INPE s Brazilian Amazon Deforestation and Forest Degradation Program. Dalton M. Valeriano (dalton@dsr.inpe.br) Program Manager INPE s Brazilian Amazon Deforestation and Forest Degradation Program Dalton M. Valeriano (dalton@dsr.inpe.br) Program Manager Summary PRODES Yearly deforestation inventory DETER - Daily detection of deforestation

More information

Improving global data on forest area & change Global Forest Remote Sensing Survey

Improving global data on forest area & change Global Forest Remote Sensing Survey Improving global data on forest area & change Global Forest Remote Sensing Survey work by FAO and partners - Adam Gerrand, E. Lindquist, R. D Annunzio, M. Wilkie, FAO, - F. Achard et al. TREES team at

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

Chapter 3 Forest biological diversity

Chapter 3 Forest biological diversity 49 Chapter 3 Forest biological diversity OVERVIEW Biological diversity encompasses the variety of existing life forms, the ecological roles they perform and the genetic diversity they contain (FAO, 1989).

More information

II. Related Activities

II. Related Activities (1) Global Cloud Resolving Model Simulations toward Numerical Weather Forecasting in the Tropics (FY2005-2010) (2) Scale Interaction and Large-Scale Variation of the Ocean Circulation (FY2006-2011) (3)

More information

NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD DOCUMENT JATROPHA: A CATALYST FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH IN AFRICA

NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD DOCUMENT JATROPHA: A CATALYST FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH IN AFRICA NOT AN OFFICIAL UNCTAD DOCUMENT JATROPHA: A CATALYST FOR ECONOMIC GROWTH IN AFRICA Onua Amoah (CEO, Anuanom Industrial Bio Products Ltd., Ghana) Order of presentation Introduction Which feedstock for biodiesel

More information

Factoring out Natural and Indirect Human Effects on Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks

Factoring out Natural and Indirect Human Effects on Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks To be published in Science and Environmental Policy February 2007 Factoring out Natural and Indirect Human Effects on Terrestrial Carbon Sources and Sinks Josep G. Canadell 1,**, Miko U.F. Kirschbaum 2,

More information

Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges.

Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges. 1 Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges. 2 Narration: How big is the energy challenge of climate change?

More information

Sustainable Land Management and Its Relation to Climate Change Michael Stocking

Sustainable Land Management and Its Relation to Climate Change Michael Stocking Sustainable Land Management and Its Relation to Climate Change Michael Stocking Vice-Chair, GEF-STAP Professor, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK Two Sides of the Same Coin Land degradation Sustainable

More information

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION

Satellite Earth Observation - Educational initiatives of Belgian Science Policy 10 YEARS OF IMAGING SOUTH AMERICA SPOT VEGETATION Agrofuels and the Rainforest The agrofuels boom A number of Latin and Central American countries (namely Argentina, Brazil, Uruguay, Colombia, Costa Rica, El Salvador and Guatemala) are currently experiencing

More information

Large Area Mapping of Forest and Land Cover from ALOS/PALSAR data. Wayne Walker, Josef Kellndorfer, Alessandro Baccini, Scott Goetz, & Nadine Laporte

Large Area Mapping of Forest and Land Cover from ALOS/PALSAR data. Wayne Walker, Josef Kellndorfer, Alessandro Baccini, Scott Goetz, & Nadine Laporte Large Area Mapping of Forest and Land Cover from ALOS/PALSAR data Wayne Walker, Josef Kellndorfer, Alessandro Baccini, Scott Goetz, & Nadine Laporte Ruhengeri Rwanda June 21-24, 2011 The Woods Hole Research

More information

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances

FORESTED VEGETATION. forests by restoring forests at lower. Prevent invasive plants from establishing after disturbances FORESTED VEGETATION Type of strategy Protect General cold adaptation upland and approach subalpine forests by restoring forests at lower Specific adaptation action Thin dry forests to densities low enough

More information

Defining Ecosystem Services

Defining Ecosystem Services Defining Ecosystem Services Beto Borges Director, Community and Markets Program Forest Trends 6 April 2011 Defining Ecosystem Services What are ecosystems? Ecosystems in Uganda What are ecosystem services?

More information

The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options

The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options The climate cooling potential of different geoengineering options Tim Lenton & Naomi Vaughan (GEAR) initiative School of Environmental Sciences, University of East Anglia, Norwich, UK www.gear.uea.ac.uk

More information

FCCC/SBI/ICA/2015/TATR.1/BRA

FCCC/SBI/ICA/2015/TATR.1/BRA United Nations FCCC/SBI/ICA/2015/TATR.1/BRA Distr.: General 22 September 2015 English only Technical report on the technical analysis of the technical annex to the first biennial update report of Brazil

More information

Chapter 4: Forest Land CHAPTER 4 FOREST LAND. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories 4.1

Chapter 4: Forest Land CHAPTER 4 FOREST LAND. 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories 4.1 CHAPTER 4 FOREST LAND 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories 4.1 Volume 4: Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use Authors Harald Aalde (Norway), Patrick Gonzalez (USA), Michael

More information

Ecosystem Ecology. Ecosystems as machines. Simple laws of physics. Energy Ability to do work

Ecosystem Ecology. Ecosystems as machines. Simple laws of physics. Energy Ability to do work Ecosystem Ecology Read Chps 18-19 (know N, P, C cycles) Ecosystem: A community of organisms plus its nonlinving (=abiotic) environment At the individual level, the abiotic environment affects organisms

More information

GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AN INTRODUCTION TO THE

GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE AN INTRODUCTION TO THE AN INTRODUCTION TO THE GLOBAL CARBON CYCLE Carbon: the building block of life. You may have heard this phrase, but have you fully considered what it really means? All living things are made of elements,

More information

Forest Day 3 Sunday, 13 December 2009 Radisson Blu Falconer Hotel and Conference Center Copenhagen, Denmark Coinciding with UNFCCC COP 15

Forest Day 3 Sunday, 13 December 2009 Radisson Blu Falconer Hotel and Conference Center Copenhagen, Denmark Coinciding with UNFCCC COP 15 Forest Day 3 Sunday, 13 December 2009 Radisson Blu Falconer Hotel and Conference Center Copenhagen, Denmark Coinciding with UNFCCC COP 15 The speech given by Dr Gro Harlem Brundtland, United Nations Special

More information

Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects. Guidance Note v0.2

Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects. Guidance Note v0.2 Tracking Tool for SFM/REDD- Plus Projects Guidance Note v0.2 Introduction The SFM/REDD- plus tracking tool (TT) aims to measure progress in achieving the impacts and outcomes established at the portfolio

More information

Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry

Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry Summary for Policymakers Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry A Special Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Published for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change 2000, Intergovernmental

More information

Where does carbon come from?

Where does carbon come from? Where does carbon come from? What are Carbon Sinks? Presentation by Jutta Kill SinksWatch jutta@fern.org www.sinkswatch.org Carbon dioxide is a gas that is created when carbon (C) comes in contact with

More information

NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012

NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012 SNAPSHOT APRIL 2014 NEW ZEALAND S GREENHOUSE GAS INVENTORY & NET POSITION REPORT 1990 2012 Key points: In 2012, New Zealand s total greenhouse gas emissions were 76.0 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent

More information

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA

GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA GEOGRAPHICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM (GIS) AS A TOOL FOR CERTIFICATION OF BIOFUELS IN ARGENTINA International Workshop CHALLENGES AND SOCIAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF THE BIOFUEL PRODUCTION IN AMERICA. Buenos

More information

Sustainable Forest Management in the Boreal Forest : An Industry Perspective Jean-Pierre Martel VP Sustainability

Sustainable Forest Management in the Boreal Forest : An Industry Perspective Jean-Pierre Martel VP Sustainability Sustainable Forest Management in the Boreal Forest : An Industry Perspective Jean-Pierre Martel VP Sustainability Canadian Mission Europe February 2008 1 FPAC Members Forestry: Cornerstone of the Canadian

More information

An Assessment of Rainforest Change Using Satellite Images for the Bragantina Region of the Amazon River Basin

An Assessment of Rainforest Change Using Satellite Images for the Bragantina Region of the Amazon River Basin AN ASSESSMENT OF RAINFOREST CHANGE USING SATELLITE IMAGES 157 An Assessment of Rainforest Change Using Satellite Images for the Bragantina Region of the Amazon River Basin Jonathan Hoekenga Faculty Sponsor:

More information

Impact of Coal Mining on Climate Change & Different Forest Types in India

Impact of Coal Mining on Climate Change & Different Forest Types in India Impact of Coal Mining on Climate Change & Different Forest Types in India Dr. Rajiv Kumar Garg, IFS Advisor (Environment & Forests) Coal India Limited Email: advisor.cil@gmail.com Mobile: +91-9717466448

More information