Waste management strategy in accordance with European directive 91/156/EEC: 1. Reduction at source 2. Reuse 3. Recycle 4. Energy recovery 5.

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1 VRANSKO, May 2009

2 Waste Management Strategy Waste management strategy in accordance with European directive 91/156/EEC: 1. Reduction at source 2. Reuse 3. Recycle 4. Energy recovery 5.Disposal

3 Celje Regional Waste Treatment t Centre Strategy t Sewage treatment plant MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE (MSW) Residual Waste Biodegradable Waste Sorted Recyclabe Waste Waste MBT Composting Sorting Sewage Sludge Light fraction Heavy fraction Landfill Sorted materials Metals Ash & Slag Processing POWER HEAT MARKET Energy

4 W t E: Schematic of Technologica Process ELECTRICITY STEAM / HEAT CONTINUOUS EMMISION MONITORING AND SYSTEM CONTROL C H I M N E Y FUEL PREPARATION 1 st STAGE: GASIFICATION 2 nd STAGE: OXIDATION STEAM GENERATION FLUE GAS SCRUBBING/ CLEANING ASH & SLAG FROM GRATE FLUE GAS RESIDUE TREATMENT Weighing, inspection and storage of RDF and SS Fuel mixing, transport and dosing into the gasification chamber WID compliant two stage gasification and thermal treatment process Heat recovery / utilization Flue gas treatment, emission monitoring and system control

5 Celje WtE t CHP Plant Plant s priorities: 1. Disposal of waste 2. Heat recovery for district heating 3. Power production

6 General Technical Data Fuel input: t/a Design calorific value (CV): 13,6 MJ/kg Boiler thermal output: 15 MW th Steam parameters: 20 t/h, 30 bar a, 350 C Steam turbine output: 2,1 MW e Operation mode: Operation: Compliant with: 13 MW th (110 C) + 2 MW e 15 MW th (130 C) + 0 MWe 24 h/day; hours/year EU Directives i (WID, IPPC) & Local legislation l i EU Best Available Techniques Reference (BREF) documents Best Available Technology (BAT) documents

7 Input / Output t/a RDF 2 stage 13 MW th t/a SS gasification/oxidation process 2,1 MW e ~400 kw

8 Fuel Storage Fuel delivery: RDF: 20 times/week SS: 5 times/week Fuel storage cap.: RDF: 1400 m 3 SS: 85 m 3 Sufficient for 4 days. Interm. storage: Volume: 25 m 3 Intermediate (mixing) storage

9 Boiler Room Fuel input capacity: 18 MW Boiler capacity: 15 MW th (water tube boiler)

10 Flue gas cleaning/scrubbing g SNCR Ammonia solution: reduction of NO X Dry flue gas scrubbing Sodium bicarbonate powder: reduction of acid gases: SO 2, HCl and HF Ati Activated td carbone powder: elimination of heavy metals & PCDD/F Filters Ceramic filter Activated carbon filter

11 Ceramic Filters and Fly Ash Silo Ceramic filters: Particle reduction: ~99,9% No. of pods: 12 No. of elements: 4800 Fly ash storage cap.: Volume: 85 m 3 Sufficient for 7 days.

12 Activated Carbon Filter Activated carbon filter*: Reduction of TOC, dioxins, furans and heavy metals No. of pods: 21 * KIV patented technology

13 Flue Gas Fan, CEM & Stack Flue Gas Fan: Volume flow: cca Nm 3 /h Continuous Emission Monitoring (CEM): CO, NO, NO 2, O 2, SO 2, HCl, HF, TOC, Hg, NH 3, moisture, dust, temperature, pressure, mass flow Stack: Hiht Height: 25m

14 Bird s eye View Celje W t E CHP Plant: j t Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) from citizens for Combined Heat and Power (CHP) production for the city of Celje.

15 Satellite view Proximity of Celje centre: minimised distribution losses! minimised transport!! Celje W t E CHP plant Celje centre MBT plant

16 Electricity and Heat In case of Celje CHP plant: Heat is priority! Base load: 5 MW th Electricity adapted according to the heat load: 2,1 MWe (gross) max. 500 kw (parasitic) = 1,6 MW e (net) Subsidised electricity production: Feed in Tariff on net power production Cl ifi i C i l / h Classification: Cogeneration plant / waste therm. treatment plant??

17 Benefits Positive environmental and economical benefits: Rd Reduction of landfilled d waste: ~65% 6% 100% disposal of local SS (40% ash residual) Waste from local population given back as electricity/heat Minimised wastetransport Net fossil fuel savings (heating): ~ Sm 3 /year (natural gas) Reduction of green house gases Optimal utilization of heat and electricity (proximity of Celje)

18 Conclusions Compliance with the highest environmental standards (EU and local) l) High efficiency maximum heat quantity produced from the waste Fully automated process (low labour costs) Low operating and maintenance costs Proven, bankable technology Reduced specific unit cost A local W t ECHP solution for every town / small city. Vransko 66 SI 3305 Vransko SLOVENIA Tel.: Fax.: WWW:

19 KIV Headquarters

20 Celje W t E CHP Plant Sh Schematic 1 Fuel storage 8 Economiser 15 Fly ash silo 2 Crane 3 Air from storage 9 Evaporator 10 Supply water 4 Interm. storage + dosing units 11 Activated carbon 18 Stack 5 Furnace 6 De ashing system 7 Superheater 12 Sodium bicarbonate 13 Grinding and mixing unit 14 Ceramic filter 16 Activated carbon filter 17 Flue gas fan 19 Control system 20 Continuous emission monitoring

21 Emission limits WID requirements Celje CHP plant

22 Waste Disposal or Recovery?? EU Waste Framework Directive: E p ( E ) af + Ei ( E ) w E 0,97 + af > 0,65 E p = 2,6 E + 1, 1 e E h CHP QA Gross Electrical Efficiency & Quality Index: η > 20% QI X η + Y η > 100 el = el heat Implications on: Building permit Integrated Polution Prevention and Control (IPPC) Local/national l incentives (subsidies, green certificates, t etc.)

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