2 Welcome Thank you for purchasing the OvaCue Fertility Monitor! Recommended by fertility specialists, this convenient, easy to use fertility monitor provides up to seven days advance notice of ovulation with 98% accuracy. We are pleased that you are among the thousands of couples using the OvaCue Fertility Monitor to aid in conception.
3 Contents The Key to Conception: Understanding Your Cycle... 4 Description of Parts... 6 How the OvaCue Works... 7 Step by Step Guide Programming your personal settings Taking an oral reading Taking a vaginal reading What do the numbers mean? Viewing stored readings Understanding the purple box Frequently Asked Questions Cleaning and Storing your OvaCue Help The OvaCue Fertility Monitor was developed to assist in conception. It must be used in accordance with the instructions contained in this manual. Use of this product does not guarantee success in achieving pregnancy. The OvaCue is an in vitro diagnostic medical device designed for home use. Store in a dry place at room temperature. Keep out of the reach of children. The Ovacue is not intended to be used to prevent pregnancy.
4 The Key to Conception: Understanding Your Cycle You have decided that now is the time in your life to have a baby, but you might be learning that becoming pregnant is not as easy as you once thought. The OvaCue Fertility Monitor may help to increase your chances of conceiving by predicting your most fertile days up to seven days in advance. But, before you begin using your OvaCue, it is important to understand how your menstrual cycle works. The menstrual cycle is the process during which your body prepares for pregnancy. It is regulated by a complex interaction of several key hormones, and for most women, lasts between 24 and 35 days. Your cycle begins with menstruation (day 1 of your cycle is the first day of your menstrual period), with ovulation occurring sometime close to the midpoint of your cycle. Ovulation is the process through which an egg is released from the ovary. Within the ovaries, each egg is stored in a fluid-filled cavity called a follicle. While both ovaries store many follicles, only one follicle (called the dominant follicle) is selected each month to release an egg. The selection of the dominant follicle occurs approximately 5-7 days before ovulation. 4
5 As the dominant follicle matures, the amount of estrogen produced in your body increases. At the same time, luteinizing hormone (LH) is produced and stored in the anterior pituitary gland. Just prior to ovulation, the anterior pituitary gland secretes a surge of LH, which causes the wall of the dominant follicle to weaken and rupture, thereby releasing the egg and propelling it into the opening of the nearby Fallopian tube. Once the egg is released from the follicle, the follicle cells transform into the corpus luteum, a glandular structure that secretes large amounts of progesterone. If the egg is fertilized (which must occur within 24 hours after ovulation), increasing amounts of progesterone are released. Progesterone acts to build the uterine lining for implantation of a fertilized egg and prevents menstruation. If conception does not occur, the corpus luteum will disintegrate towards the end of the menstrual cycle, progesterone levels will drop rapidly, and menstruation will occur. By tracking changes in the concentration of electrolytes in your saliva, the OvaCue detects the hormonal changes that coincide with the selection of the dominant follicle, and uses this information to predict the days you will be most fertile. When using the vaginal sensor, the OvaCue detects the surge in estrogen that occurs just prior to ovulation, and the shift to progesterone dominance that occurs at ovulation. This information allows the OvaCue to help confirm the date of ovulation. 5
6 Description of Parts Hand Held Monitor Oral Sensor Vaginal Sensor (optional) 6
7 How the OvaCue Works The OvaCue Fertility Monitor predicts ovulation up to seven days in advance using the patented Electrolyte Method - a technique that has been demonstrated to be 98.3% accurate in predicting ovulation. Here s how it works: The OvaCue consists of a hand-held monitor with a color screen, a spoon-sized oral sensor, and a vaginal sensor (sold separately). Throughout your menstrual cycle, the electrolyte (minerals such as sodium and potassium) levels in your saliva and cervical mucus fluctuate as the hormone levels in your body change. Starting with Cycle Day 2, you will use the oral sensor each morning to measure the electrolyte levels in your saliva. The OvaCue will store the information gathered from these oral readings, track the changes in electrolyte levels in your saliva during your cycle, and process this information to precisely define your time of peak fertility. Pinpoint Your Fertile Window! 7
8 Look for the dark blue days! About a week before ovulation occurs, the OvaCue will identify a Cue Peak in your oral readings. The Cue Peak is defined as a high oral reading followed by two lower oral readings. Once your Cue Peak is reached, which coincides with the selection of the dominant follicle, the OvaCue can then predict, several days in advance, the day you will likely ovulate. This advance notice of ovulation will give you the best possible chance of conception. The OvaCue uses a calendar on the hand held-monitor to show your peak fertility days. Once the Cue Peak is detected, the OvaCue will begin to color-in the calendar, indicating possible fertility to high fertility days with light to dark blue colors. Look for the pink day! When the vaginal sensor (sold separately) is also used, the OvaCue tracks changes in the electrolyte levels in the cervical mucus, which allows the monitor to detect the switch from estrogen to progesterone dominance that accompanies ovulation. When this shift occurs, you will see a sharp increase in the vaginal readings (called the Vaginal Rise) and a pink square will appear. 8
9 White: indicates not fertile Light blue: indicates possible fertility Medium blue: indicates high fertility (good day for intercourse) Dark blue: indicates highest fertility (best day for intercourse) Pink: indicates ovulation confirmed using vaginal sensor Dark purple: indicates ovulation confirmed (see page 20 for more info) Gray: indicates no readings were saved Yellow: Error Hash marks: distinguishes future days from current day IMPORTANT: For the best chance of conception, plan to have intercourse every other day on light blue days and daily on medium blue, dark blue and pink days. 9
10 Step by Step Guide Now that you are ready to begin using your OvaCue, please read the following step by step instructions carefully. IMPORTANT: You must start using your OvaCue on the second day (Cycle Day 2) of your menstrual period, or by Cycle Day 4 at the latest. Until then, take some time to familiarize yourself with how your OvaCue works. Battery status: Green status bar shows battery life Menu: Used to access Readings and Settings menus On/Enter Button: To turn on your OvaCue, hold down the On/Enter button for up to 5 seconds until the screen lights up Navigation Buttons Take Oral Reading: Push this button to take an Oral Reading Take Vaginal Reading: Push this button to take a Vaginal Reading 10 Off Button: Select this button to turn off monitor
11 Programming your personal settings Before you take your first oral reading on Cycle Day 2 (or Cycle Day 4 at the latest), you must program your personal settings. 1. Use the navigation arrows to select the Menu option and press the Enter button 2. Scroll down to Settings and press Enter 3. Enter your Current cycle day (remember, this MUST be a number between 2 and 4) Your average cycle length Current date and time Cycle day you start fertility medications (if applicable) Language To save each of these values, select the item you intend to modify by pressing Enter (the entry will blink), scroll up or down until you have the desired value, then press Enter again (entry will stop blinking). Starting a new cycle Once a new cycle begins, it is important to begin taking oral readings again on Cycle Day 2. But, before you take your first reading of the new cycle, you must update your personal settings in your OvaCue monitor to be sure that the stored information is accurate. This information must be updated on Cycle Day 2. IMPORTANT: Do not adjust any of your personal settings on any day of your cycle except Cycle Day 2. Changing settings in the middle of your cycle will impact the ability of your monitor to accurately predict your fertile window. 11
12 Taking an Oral Reading IMPORTANT: You must begin taking oral readings on Cycle Day 2, or by Cycle Day 4 at the latest. Do not begin taking oral readings on Cycle Day Once you ve input your settings, turn on the monitor, plug in your oral sensor making sure it clicks into place, and press the O button 2. Place sensor in your mouth, pressing it on your tongue with the silver sensors facing down and hit Enter 3. After about 2-3 seconds your oral reading will appear, remove the sensor 4. Save the reading by pressing the Enter button 5. Clean your sensor with mild soap and water IMPORTANT: Once your first oral reading has been taken and saved successfully, the days on your calendar will change from dark gray to white. If this does not occur, your reading may not have been saved correctly. 12
13 Oral Sensor Dos: Start taking your readings on Day 2, or by Day 4 at the latest Take your oral readings first thing in the morning, about the same time every day Take your oral readings before you eat, drink, smoke or brush your teeth. Putting anything in your mouth before you take your reading will stimulate your salivary glands to produce more saliva, which will impact the electrolyte levels in your saliva and affect the readings. Take your oral reading every day until you ovulate or return to non-fertile days Oral Sensor Don ts: Don t take several readings on the same day. If you do, the readings may be quite different and could impact the ability of the OvaCue to make an accurate fertility prediction. Don t miss a reading. Depending on which cycle day is missed, the OvaCue may not be able to detect the trends in readings it is looking for and may not provide an accurate prediction. Don t vary your salt intake dramatically Don t use sodium based antacids from Cycle Day 1 through ovulation 13
14 Taking a Vaginal Reading IMPORTANT: To confirm ovulation with the vaginal sensor, you must begin taking vaginal readings each evening once your menstrual period has ended (or by Cycle Day 8 at the very latest) 1. Turn on your monitor, plug in your vaginal sensor making sure it clicks into place, and press the V button 2. Insert the vaginal sensor into your vagina until you feel it just touch the cervix, then pull it out slightly (approximately ¼ to ½ inch) and tilt the handle upward slightly. Press Enter to begin taking the reading. 3. After about 2-3 seconds your vaginal readings will appear. Remove the sensor. 4. Save the reading by pressing the Enter button 5. Clean your sensor with mild soap and water 14
15 Vaginal Sensor Dos: Take your vaginal reading at about the same time every day, after you have been up and moving around for at least two hours. You may take your vaginal reading in the afternoon or evening if you wish. Take your reading every day, starting immediately after menstruation has ended, and continue until ovulation is confirmed Take your reading before, or at least eight hours after intercourse If undergoing artificial insemination: take your reading the day you are scheduled for artificial insemination before you go to the doctor s office. Be sure to take your vaginal reading early enough so that you can call your doctor the same day the vaginal reading rises. Vaginal Sensor Don ts: Don t take vaginal readings after midnight Don t miss a reading. Missing readings from Cycle Day 8 through ovulation may result in inaccurate interpretation. Don t take more than one reading per day 15
16 What Do The Numbers Mean? The OvaCue Fertility Monitor uses the patented Electrolyte Method to measure changes in the electrolyte levels in your saliva and cervical mucus. These characteristic changes signal the onset and completion of ovulation. As your body moves through its monthly cycle, the levels of various hormones circulating in your body go up and down, and these hormonal fluctuations produce changes in the electrolyte characteristics of your saliva and cervical mucus. Using measurements obtained from the oral and vaginal sensors, the OvaCue produces a numerical reading that reveals the relative trends in electrolyte levels. This allows the OvaCue to identify when the hormonal changes that signal ovulation have occurred. Oral readings: About a week before ovulation occurs, a high oral reading followed by two lower oral readings will be detected, which is called the Cue Peak. Once the Cue Peak is detected, the OvaCue can then predict, several days in advance, your most fertile days. Vaginal readings: When using the optional vaginal sensor, the OvaCue tracks changes in the electrolyte levels in the cervical mucus. This allows the monitor to detect the estrogen surge that occurs just prior to ovulation, and the subsequent shift from estrogen to progesterone dominance that coincides with ovulation. In the days just prior to ovulation, your vaginal readings will be relatively low. Low vaginal readings reflect high estrogen levels, and indicate high fertility. Once ovulation occurs, your vaginal readings will increase, indicating the shift to progesterone dominance and the end of your fertile window. 16
17 IMPORTANT: When interpreting the numerical readings produced by the OvaCue it is important to remember that: The numerical readings are unique to the OvaCue and are designed specifically to capture the up and down trends in electrolyte levels The readings do not correspond to a standardized unit of electrolyte measurement There is not a predefined normal range in electrolyte levels; readings will vary from person to person, and there is not an established normal range into which they should fall Cue Peak Vaginal Rise (ovulation on CD15) 17
18 Viewing Stored Readings The OvaCue saves up to 120 days of readings.* To view stored readings, select Menu > Readings > View Readings. Use the Up and Down Arrow buttons to move through the readings on each page. Use the side arrow buttons to move to the next screen. To delete a reading for a specific day, select the day, press Enter, then press Yes. To delete all readings, select the Delete All button and press Enter. *Save your data and chart your readings at 18
19 Graph of Typical 28 Day Cycle Cue Peak Vaginal Rise (Ovulation) Sample chart from 19
20 Understanding the Purple Box When using the vaginal sensor, the OvaCue tracks changes in the electrolyte levels of the cervical mucus, which allows the monitor to detect the switch from estrogen to progesterone dominance that accompanies ovulation. When this shift occurs, you will see an increase in the vaginal readings (called the Vaginal Rise) and a pink square will appear on your monitor s calendar. After ovulation, the vaginal readings typically remain high, reflecting the high levels of progesterone that are present during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle. A decline in the vaginal readings following ovulation can indicate the presence of a fertility issue that warrants further investigation. The OvaCue is the only fertility monitor that can detect this unexpected shift in vaginal hormones post ovulation, providing you with valuable information about your cycle. If the OvaCue detects a dip in your vaginal readings, and then a subsequent rise in your vaginal readings, after ovulation has been confirmed (displayed with the pink box), the OvaCue will indicate this by displaying a purple box. The appearance of the purple box simply suggests that your vaginal readings for the current cycle did not follow the typical pattern of remaining elevated following the pink box. There are a number of possible explanations for why vaginal readings might dip, and then increase again, after the pink box. These include the occurrence of unexpected hormonal fluctuations or the occurrence of secondary fertility (multiple follicular stimulation). For more information about the purple box and secondary fertility, please contact Customer Service or visit 20
21 Frequently Asked Questions GENERAL Why won t my monitor turn on? Ensure that there are batteries in the monitor and that they hold a charge. Hold down the On/Enter button for up to 5 seconds until the screen turns on. How do I change the language back to English? From the Calendar screen, select the Menu button (bottom right hand corner of screen) and press the Enter button. Select the second item in the list (Settings) and press Enter. The Language selection is the last item in the Settings list. Scroll down and reselect English. I have been testing daily but my calendar continues to remain grey. Why is this? After you have successfully taken and saved your first oral reading, the calendar will turn from dark gray to white. It will take several days of testing before the OvaCue will begin to color in the calendar on your monitor. If you have been testing for more than 7 days and the calendar remains grey, please recheck all of your personal settings. It may be that you have not been saving your readings correctly. To avoid this issue, once you have taken the oral reading, ensure that you press the Enter button in order to save the reading. My first cycle went smoothly, but my second cycle seems inaccurate. What s wrong? Before you take your oral reading for your 2nd cycle, please go into Settings and make sure that the cycle day displayed in your monitor matches your current cycle day. 21
22 When should I begin intercourse? The OvaCue will predict your fertile window and display your most fertile days using light to dark blue colors. When the calendar shows light blue, plan intercourse every other day. Plan intercourse daily on medium blue and dark blue days. It is also recommended that you have intercourse on the day of ovulation, displayed with a pink box (if using the vaginal sensor). What does the OvaCue measure? It measures the change in electrolyte levels in salivary and cervical mucus that signal the onset and completion of the ovulatory process. As your body moves through its monthly cycle, the levels of various hormones circulating in your body go up and down, and these hormonal fluctuations produce changes in the electrolyte characteristics of your saliva and cervical mucus. Using measurements obtained from the oral and vaginal sensors, the OvaCue produces a numerical reading that reveals the relative trends in electrolyte levels. This allows the OvaCue to identify when the hormonal changes that signal ovulation have occurred. Can I use the OvaCue while taking Clomid? Yes. The OvaCue can be used by those taking ovulation stimulating medications such as Clomiphene Citrate (Clomid, Serophene, etc.). When entering information into Settings, be sure to include the day that you will start your medication. 22
23 What do I do if I continue to receive an over 400 reading (with either sensor) after trying all the suggestions provided? If you continue to receive an over 400 reading after ensuring the sensors are plugged in correctly and placed properly, please contact Customer Service for help. ORAL SENSOR On what cycle day must I start to take oral readings? You must start taking oral readings on Cycle Day 2 (Cycle Day 1 is the first day of menstruation) or by Cycle Day 4 at the latest. Can consuming excess salt affect my readings? Consuming a very large amount of salt in a manner that is atypical for you may impact the results. You will know this has occurred because you will have a reading that is lower and does not follow the existing pattern. Do I have to take oral readings all month? No, but to have a full picture of your cycle and to establish the habit, we recommend that oral readings be taken every day. After ovulation, your calendar will turn white (indicating you are not fertile). At this point, you may elect to discontinue taking readings until your next cycle begins. When taking oral readings, should I test at the same time each morning? Yes, if possible. A variance of fewer than two hours will not significantly change results, but for the most accurate data, try to take readings at the same time each day. 23
24 Does it matter if I take a drink before taking an oral reading? Yes. Do not eat, drink, brush your teeth, smoke or put anything in your mouth before taking your oral reading. How come the oral numbers seem different if I take them 2 times in a row? The act of taking an oral reading stimulates saliva production and impacts the quantity and quality of saliva. What should I do if I get a reading over 400? Retake the reading right away. The OvaCue will overwrite the valid reading over the erroneous one. VAGINAL SENSOR Do I need the vaginal sensor? While the vaginal sensor is not required for predicting ovulation, many customers decide to purchase one. By detecting the hormonal shifts that occur at the time of ovulation, the vaginal sensor helps to confirm the date of ovulation, in addition to providing more data about your cycle. When do I take vaginal readings? To confirm ovulation, vaginal readings should be started the day after your period has ended (typically between CD5 and CD8). Take vaginal readings at least 2 hours after waking up, and at least 8 hours after intercourse. 24
25 When taking the vaginal reading, where exactly should the sensor be? The easiest way to describe how to place the sensor is to imagine you are lying on your back. Insert the sensor vaginally just until you feel it touch the cervix. Then pull slightly out on the sensor (approximately 1/4 to 1/2 inch) and lift the handle so it would essentially be pointing towards the ceiling and the sensor itself pointing towards your backbone. This will drop the sensor into the vaginal mucus pool, the ideal placement to get an accurate reading. Can semen affect the results? Yes, we recommend using the vaginal sensor prior to intercourse or taking the reading at least 8 hours after intercourse. What should I do if I get a vaginal reading over 400? First, make sure the sensor is plugged all the way into the monitor. If this does not remedy the problem, it may be an issue of sensor placement. Please see the description above for where the sensor should be placed. Retake the reading right away. The OvaCue will overwrite the valid reading over the erroneous one. Does the vaginal sensor confirm that I ovulated successfully? The vaginal sensor detects the hormonal shifts that accompany ovulation. Specifically, it will identify the estrogen surge that occurs just prior to ovulation and the increase in progesterone levels that occur at the time of ovulation. In the vaginal readings, you will see a low vaginal reading just prior to ovulation followed by a sharp rise on the day of ovulation. The OvaCue will identify the day that this hormonal shift occurred with a pink box, indicating that ovulation occurred on that day. While only a vaginal ultrasound can confirm successful ovulation with 100% accuracy, the OvaCue provides valuable information about the hormonal changes that are necessary for ovulation to take place. 25
26 How come the vaginal numbers seem different if I take them 2 times in a row? The act of taking a vaginal reading stimulates vaginal secretions and impacts the quantity and quality of the cervical mucus. What does the pink box mean? The OvaCue will detect the shift from estrogen to progesterone dominance that accompanies ovulation. It will display the day that this shift occurs as a pink box, indicating ovulation occurred. What does the purple box mean? The OvaCue will display a purple box when it detects a dip, and then another rise, in your vaginal readings after it has confirmed ovulation (displayed with a pink box). The appearance of the purple box simply means that your vaginal readings did not follow the typical pattern of remaining elevated following ovulation. For more information on the purple box, see page 20 or contact Customer Service. Cleaning and Storing Your OvaCue When not in use, store your OvaCue Fertility Monitor in the carrying case provided. Please be sure to wash the oral and vaginal sensor after each use with mild soap and water. When storing your OvaCue for long periods of time, please remove the batteries. Replace batteries as needed. Two AAA batteries required. Help We want you to get the most from your OvaCue Fertility Monitor. For additional technical support and customer service, please contact us at (360) us at or visit us at 26
27 Warnings The Ovacue Fertility Monitor is internally powered equipment (2x1.5v). Equipment has a type BF applied part. Equipment type is continuous operation. If the equipment is receiving interference or causing interference, the equipment should be relocated away from other equipment. There is no preventive inspection or maintenance required on the system or on parts of the system. Remove the batteries if the equipment is not going to be used. Environmental requirements for storage and transport: Ambient temperature: -40C to +70C Relative humidity: 10% to 100% Atmospheric pressure: 500hPa to 1060hPa Follow local governing requirements when disposing of equipment or batteries CAUTION: General Warning - refer to accompanying documents. Authorized European Representative: Cavendish Scott, Ltd. Invision House, Wilbury Way, Hitchin Herts, SG4 0TY, United Kingdom
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AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR REPRODUCTIVE MEDICINE Medications for Inducing Ovulation A Guide for Patients PATIENT INFORMATION SERIES Published by the American Society for Reproductive Medicine under the direction
9339 Genesee Avenue, Suite 220 San Diego, CA 92121 858 455 7520 Assisted Reproductive Technologies at IGO Although IGO no longer operates an IVF laboratory or program as such, we work closely with area
Saint Mary s Hospital Department of Reproductive Medicine Ultrasound Scanning on the IVF Unit Information For Patients INS/DRM/CLI/014 V4/01/11/2013 1 The ultrasound scan is an important part of the programme.
Lab 3 DC Circuits and Ohm s Law L3-1 Name Date Partners Lab 3 - DC Circuits and Ohm s Law OBJECTIES To learn to apply the concept of potential difference (voltage) to explain the action of a battery in
Working with Tables in Microsoft Word The purpose of this document is to lead you through the steps of creating, editing and deleting tables and parts of tables. This document follows a tutorial format
Name Class Date Laboratory Investigation 4B Chapter 4: Cell Structure The Microscope: A Tool of the Scientist You may refer to pages 66-67, 72-73 in your textbook for a general discussion of microscopes.
Reduced Ovarian Reserve Is there any hope for a bad egg? Dr. Phil Boyle Galway Clinic, 19 th March 2014 For more information on Low AMH see www.napro.ie Anti Mullerian Hormone AMH levels are commonly measured
Sexual reproduction in humans Name: WHY DO HUMANS NEED TO REPRODUCE? The reason humans reproduce is to have children so that our species can continue to exist. Humans reproduce sexually, which means like
HEALTH body fat scale + complete body analysis scale Instruction Manual Content Safety instructions... 4 About this device... 4 General... 4 Handling batteries properly... 5 Never carry out repairs yourself...
10EaZy SW White Paper Choosing the right hardware Selecting proper hardware for the 10EaZy SW This white paper describes important elements to consider before purchasing hardware intended for sound level
COVENTRY HEALTH CARE OF ILLINOIS, INC. COVENTRY HEALTH CARE OF MISSOURI, INC. Medical Management Policy and Procedure PROPRIETARY Policy: Infertility Evaluation and Treatment Number: MM 1306 Date Effective:
THE WELL WOMAN CENTRE Intrauterine Contraceptive Devices INTRAUTERINE CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES How does the Mirena work? How effective is the Mirena? What are the advantages of the Mirena? What are the disadvantages
Birth Control Pills WOMENCARE A Healthy Woman is a Powerful Woman (407) 898-1500 Birth control pills (also called oral contraceptives or "the pill") are used by millions of women in the United States to