Sigmund Freud ANALYSIS OF A PHOBIA IN A FIVE YEAR OLD BOY

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Sigmund Freud ANALYSIS OF A PHOBIA IN A FIVE YEAR OLD BOY"

Transcription

1 Sigmund Freud ANALYSIS OF A PHOBIA IN A FIVE YEAR OLD BOY

2 BACK GROUND AND CONTEXT Sigmund Freud was a practising therapist who developed his theories from his own observations of his patients, and his reflections on his own experience. He wrote case histories in terms of his recollections and interpretations of the interviews and did not keep complete ongoing records. Little Hans is a child patient which Freud reported on. Freud s theoretical aspects of work are referred to as psychoanalysis. One of the key themes of Freud s work is the importance of the first few years of life in the subsequent development of personality. He also believed that children experience emotional conflicts, and their future adjustment depends on how well these conflicts are resolved. This case study confirmed the oedipal complex set out in Three essays on the Theory of Sexuality. The study also demonstrated the origin of phobias, and use of dream analysis and free association. This study is unusual in two respects. First it is the analysis of a child (Hans) and freud usually dealt with adults. Secondly, the therapy was carried out by correspondence and interview with the boy s father, rather than with the child himself.

3 KEY TERMS Psychoanalysis- Freud s theory of personality which describes how human behaviour is affected by unconscious thoughts and feelings Unconscious mind- The part of our mind that is beyond our conscious awareness Libido- Frued s concept of internal motivational energy commonly taken to mean the sex drive Phobia- An anxiety disorder characterized by persistent fear out of proportion to the danger, a compelling desire to escape the situation, and a recognition that the fear is excessive Oedipus Complex- According to Freud, the conflict between a boy s desire for his mother, and the fear of punishment by castration for that desire by his father Symptom substitution-the situation where the treatment and removal of one symptom is ultimately followed by the development of another symptom, because the cause of the disorder has not been dealt with Widdler = penis; Widdling = peeing; Lumf = faeces (poo); Coaxing = cuddling; Castration = having penis cut off

4 AIM & HYPOTHESIS To understand and treat the phobia of a five year old boy To use case study approach as a form of helping and as a piece of scientific research To report the findings of the treatment of a five-year-old boy for his phobia To support freud s theory of sexuality and genesis of mental disorders such as phobia Hypothesis-

5 METHODOLOGY Sample: Hans, a five year old boy with problems of phobia Research Design (Case Study Method) Data: Qualitative data (Interviews, recorded conversations) Main Variable (DV)- Phobia Treatment Variable- Psychoanalysis

6 PROCEDURE Case study happened during 3-5 years of Hans. His father recorded events and conversations with Hans and sent these regularly to Freud. Both Freud and Father offered interpretations of Hans behaviour Confronted Hans with unconscious causes by revealing to him his hidden motivations and consciously discussing them One occasion Hans was taken to meet Freud.

7 TIME LINE Year Hans age Event 1903 Hans Born ¾ First Reports 3 ¼ - 3 ½ Summer Holidays, First Visit to Gmunden 3 ½ Castration anxiety 3 ½ Hanna Born ¾ First Dream 4 Removal to New Flat 4 ¼ - 4 ½ Second Visit to Gmunden, episode of biting horse ¾ Episode of falling horse, start of phobia 5 Recovery, end of analysis

8 RESULTS Event Freudian Interpretation Conclusion Anxiety of Mother s desertion Arousal for taken into mothers bed for

9 FINDINGS Hans was fascinated by his widdler. He observed that animals had big ones and probably so did both his parents because they were grown ups Hans spent lot of time alone with his mother over the summer holiday and realized he liked having her to himself. He wished that his father would stay away. He also felt hostile towards his new baby sister who further separated Hans from his mother. He expressed this indirectly in his fear of baths because he thought his mother would drop him ( in fact, he wished his mother would drop his little sister, the desire he projected elsewhere because of the anxiety it aroused) Horses and anxiety: (1) Hans once heard a man say to a child do not put your finger to the white horse or it will bite you (2) Hans asked his mother if she would like to put her finger on his widdler. His mother told him that would not be proper. Therefore Hans learned that touching a white horse or a widdler was undesirable. Hans desire for his mother created a sense of anxiety and fear that she might leave him if he persisted in asking her to touch his widdler. Unconsciously this anxiety gave him fright of being bitten by a white horse

10 FINDINGS More anxiety was created by the fact that Hans mother told hans that if he played with his widdler, it would be cut off. Hans father told him that women have no widdlers. Hans reasoned that his mother s must have been cut offand she might do the same to him Dream about Giraffe-Hans dreamt that there were two giraffes one crumpled and one big. He took away the crumpled and this made big one cry out. This might represent Hans wish to take away his mother (crumpled) causing his father to cry out. Symbolism- Freud suggested to hans that the black around horses mouth and the blinkers in front of their eyes were like his father s moustaches and glasses. Hans might envy these symbols of adulthood because they might give him the right to have woman s love. Further horse anxieties- Hans told his father that he was afraid of horses falling down and if they were laden (with furniture) this might lead them to fall down. Hans also remembered seeing a horse fall down and thinking it was dead. He secretly wished his father would fall down dead and this made Hans more anxious.

11 FINDINGS The lumf obsession- Hans became preoccupied with bowel movements. Freud suggested that laden vehicles represented pregnancy and when they overturn it symbolises giving birth. Thus falling horse was both his father dying and mother giving birth The plumber- Hans was in a bath and the plumber stuck a big borer into his stomach. Freud called this a fantasy of procreation. The bath is the mother s womb and the borer s father s penis, which created him. The resolution- Hans became less afraid of horses because he had worked through his fantasies and understood their real meaning- they were no longer unconscious and he could deal with them. He developed two final fantasies which showed that his feelings about his father were resolved. (1) the plumber came and first took away my behind with a pair of pincers, and then he gave me another and then the same with my widdler (2) Hans told his father that he was now the daddy and not the mummy of his imaginary children, thus showing that he had moved from wishing his father dead to identifying with him

12 CONCLUSION This Provides support for Freud s theory of Psychosexual development, and evidence for Freud s explanation of the origins of disordered behaviour Neuroses in early childhood are relatively normal. Phobias area the conscious expressions of repressed anxieties Freud concluded that it might be generally useful to apply the same principles of psychoanalysis to all children to free them of repressed wishes that inevitably arise during childhood

13 EVALUATION ethonocentric Reductionist Experimente r s effect Androcentric bias validity ethics Freud Study Evaluation usefulness Case study application Longitudinal vs snap shot Qualitative vs quantiative

14 EVALUATION Reductionist-A major problem with Freud's arguments is that other explanations can be found for Little Hans' phobias. For example, Bowlby, who was also a psychoanalyst, argued that Hans' phobia could be explained in terms of attachment theory. Bowlby believed that most of Hans' anxiety arose from threats by the mother to desert the family. A further, and simpler, explanation for Hans' phobia is that he was classically conditioned to fear horses. Or in other words, Hans witnessed a horse fall and collapse in the street. Hans then generalised this fear to all horses. Experimenter s effect-as the analysis and the discussions were mostly carried out by the father, who already had favourable view of freudian s theory which therefore may have caused his influence in discussions. Case Study-The case study provided a very in-depth picture producing lots of qualitative data. Application-Case studies, such as this one carried out by Freud, are particularly useful in revealing and treating the origins of abnormal behaviour. In fact some forms of psychotherapy rely on building up a long and detailed case history as an aid to understanding and then helping the client Generalization-This case study only relates to one individual and we therefore have to be careful generalizing from the finding

15 EVALUATION Validity- This case study is really Freud's interpretations of Hans' father's interpretation of his son's own phobia. Freud only saw Little Hans on one or two occasions. It can be argued that this leads to a drastic reduction in objectivity, particularly as the father was a supporter of Freud s ideas. Androcentric - This study describes the Oedipus complex which is of course unique to boys. Girls, Freud argued, develop penis envy, which later becomes converted into a desire to bear children as the young child begins to recognise that it is impossible for her to develop a penis of her own. Ethnocentric- The idea of the Oedipus complex is ethnocentric because Freud assumed that all boys must experience this stage. This may only apply to families where both parents live and rear the children together. There may be other cultures or cases where single parents raising children and this may not be applicable then. Usefulness- The conclusions drawn from this study has upheld freudian s psycho sexual development, defense mechanisms and unconscious mind, and childhood experiences influencing the personality development. Quantitative Vs qualitative data- Use of qualitative data enhances the validity of the study but would limit generalization

16 EVALUATION Longitudinal Vs snap shot- the study was undertaken for period of three years to understand and offer treatments to phobia. Though little Hans was remedied of phobia, it takes time and effort, and expertise in psychoanalysis to serve its purpose. Ethics Harm: Suggestibility as symptom substitution typically done in psychoanalysis may also lead to new problems while solving the one up front. So, there is a greater risk that it may exacerbate the problems. As parents have brought the child into therapy, it does satisfy the informed consent. But objectivity, confidentiality or privacy seem to have been breached although it is for a better reason so as to contribute to the paradigm. There are no issues of deception or debriefing in this study.

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 SEX AND GENDER REVISION

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 SEX AND GENDER REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 SEX AND GENDER REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 SEX AND GENDER IDENTITY SEX IDENTITY AND GENDER IDENTITY SEX IDENTITY = a biological term. A child s sex can be identified by their

More information

Chapter 3 Developmental psychology

Chapter 3 Developmental psychology Samuel and Bryant 1 1 From the study by Samuel and Bryant on conservation, identify two factors that affect a child s ability to conserve. For each factor explain why it increases the chances of a child

More information

The Psychodynamic Approach

The Psychodynamic Approach The Psychodynamic Approach Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Freud was born in Frieburg, Moravia (now Pribor in the Czech Republic) Freud s background Born to Jacob (who was 40 years old) and Amalie (20 years

More information

OCR Psychology: AS Revision Guide Suggested answers. G542: Core studies

OCR Psychology: AS Revision Guide Suggested answers. G542: Core studies G542: Core studies SAMUEL AND BRYANT Section A 1a) One of the IVs was the task the child undertook: the mass task used Plasticine to compare a cylinder with a squashed shape, the number task used counters

More information

Psychodynamic Approach Assumptions

Psychodynamic Approach Assumptions If you know very little about psychology, and you have heard of just one psychologist, the chances are that this is Sigmund Freud, the founder of the psychodynamic approach to psychology and psychoanalysis.

More information

Psychodynamic Perspective

Psychodynamic Perspective Psychodynamic Perspective EXAMPLES OF FREUD S CASE STUDIES ANNA O Anna O (real name Bertha Pappenheim) was not actually Freud s patient, she was a patient of Freud s older friend Josef Breuer. However,

More information

Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939)

Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Psychoanalytic Theory Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) Psychic determinism This principle holds that in all mental functioning nothing happens by chance. Everything a person feels, thinks, fantasizes, dreams,

More information

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy Deborah L. Cabaniss, M.D. I. Definitions A. Psychotherapy Psychotherapy is the umbrella term for a number of therapies that aim at treating problems that affect the mind (psyche).

More information

Freud and Personality

Freud and Personality Psychology Psychoanalysis 01 Notes Freud and Personality The psychoanalytical perspective in psychology examines personality traits and disorders in terms of sexual and/or aggressive drives or unfilled

More information

I have no desire at all to leave psychology hanging in the air with no organic basis. But, beyond a feeling of conviction [that there must be such a

I have no desire at all to leave psychology hanging in the air with no organic basis. But, beyond a feeling of conviction [that there must be such a I have no desire at all to leave psychology hanging in the air with no organic basis. But, beyond a feeling of conviction [that there must be such a basis], I have nothing, either theoretical or therapeutic,

More information

Psychodynamic Workbook

Psychodynamic Workbook Psychodynamic Workbook Name: Group: Exam Dates: King Edward VI Psychology Department 1 Contents Specification... 3 Psychodynamic Approach... 5 Content Personality... 8 Content Psychosexual development...

More information

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide

Great Books: Freud s Interpretation of Dreams Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 9-12 Curriculum Focus: Human Body Lesson Duration: One class period Program Description Using a unique series of dream sequence reenactments based on Freud's revolutionary

More information

Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date

Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date Chapter 13 online insight and behavior therapies pgs 424-433 Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The major goal of

More information

What is Personality? How do you define personality? CLASS OBJECTIVES 4/10/2009. Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment. What is personality?

What is Personality? How do you define personality? CLASS OBJECTIVES 4/10/2009. Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment. What is personality? What is Personality? Chapter 12 Personality and its assessment CLASS OBJECTIVES What is personality? How does our personality develop? What would Freud say? Other theories of personality How do you define

More information

Psychosexual Development: Freudian Concept

Psychosexual Development: Freudian Concept 180 Introduction to Social Work 23 Psychosexual Development: Freudian Concept Introduction * Tomy Philip The theory of psychosexual development, also known as theory of libidinal development, is one of

More information

Chapter 13 & 14 Quiz. Name: Date:

Chapter 13 & 14 Quiz. Name: Date: Name: Date: Chapter 13 & 14 Quiz 1. Regarding the difference between normal and abnormal behavior, which of the following statements is TRUE? A) Abnormal behavior is unusual, whereas normal behavior is

More information

Presented by: Deborah Bourne C/O Hope Enterprises Ltd. 25 Burlington Ave., KGN 10, Jamaica W.I

Presented by: Deborah Bourne C/O Hope Enterprises Ltd. 25 Burlington Ave., KGN 10, Jamaica W.I Findings and methodological and ethical challenges involved in conducting the FHI study Early Sexual Debut, Sexual Violence, and Sexual Risk-taking among Pregnant Adolescents and Their Peers in Jamaica

More information

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes

PSYCHOTHERAPY. MODULE -V Social and Applied Psychology OBJECTIVES 24.1 MEDICAL MODEL. Psychotherapy. Notes MODULE -V Psychotherapy 24 PSYCHOTHERAPY In the previous lesson, you were told about psychological disorders. Psychologists have tried to understand the causes of abnormal behaviour, and the best way to

More information

Psychological Models of Abnormality

Psychological Models of Abnormality Several Different Models Psychological Models of Abnormality Psychoanalytic Models Learning Models Cognitive Models Psychology 311 Abnormal Psychology Listen to the audio lecture while viewing these slides

More information

Sigmund Freud versus George Kelly: Comparison of Psychoanalysis. and Phenomenology in the Case Study of Niko. Sarah Student

Sigmund Freud versus George Kelly: Comparison of Psychoanalysis. and Phenomenology in the Case Study of Niko. Sarah Student Sigmund Freud versus George Kelly 1 Running Head: SIGMUND FREUD VERSUS GEORGE KELLY Sigmund Freud versus George Kelly: Comparison of Psychoanalysis and Phenomenology in the Case Study of Niko Sarah Student

More information

Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee s Inquiry into Teenage Pregnancy in Scotland Evidence from CHILDREN 1 ST

Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee s Inquiry into Teenage Pregnancy in Scotland Evidence from CHILDREN 1 ST Scottish Parliament Health and Sport Committee s Inquiry into Teenage Pregnancy in Scotland Evidence from CHILDREN 1 ST February 2013 For over 125 years CHILDREN 1 ST has been working to build a better

More information

4.Insight = change of self- image acceptance of theoretical interpretation 5.Obtaining relevant information

4.Insight = change of self- image acceptance of theoretical interpretation 5.Obtaining relevant information Psychotherapy Treatment by psychological stimuli Intrapsychological process therapeutic relationship Methods: 1.Abreaction release of repressed emotions and feelings 2.Catharsis clearing, cognitive rebirth

More information

Anthony Gell School follows the AQA Psychology exam board

Anthony Gell School follows the AQA Psychology exam board Anthony Gell School follows the AQA Psychology exam board 1 Psychology AS Level: True or False Write T or F by each idea 1. We tend to like people more and rate them more highly when we are familiar with

More information

Name Chapter 1--Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis Description Instructions

Name Chapter 1--Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis Description Instructions Name Chapter 1--Sigmund Freud: Psychoanalysis Description Instructions Modify Question 1 Multiple Choice 0 points Modify Remove Question The major influence on contemporary personality theory is John B.

More information

Mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept ): risks of miscarriage and birth defects. Patient guide. Key points to remember

Mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept ): risks of miscarriage and birth defects. Patient guide. Key points to remember Mycophenolate (CellCept ): risks of miscarriage and birth defects Patient guide Key points to remember Mycophenolate (CellCept ) causes birth defects and miscarriages Follow the contraceptive advice given

More information

Did Oedipus Suffer from the Oedipal Complex? A Psychological Analysis of Oedipus in Oedipus the King

Did Oedipus Suffer from the Oedipal Complex? A Psychological Analysis of Oedipus in Oedipus the King Bylund 1 Jessica Bylund Undergraduate Research Day Did Oedipus Suffer from the Oedipal Complex? A Psychological Analysis of Oedipus in Oedipus the King Grant may be buried in Grant s Tomb and Easter Island

More information

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White

psychology the science of psychology CHAPTER third edition Psychology, Third Edition Saundra K. Ciccarelli J. Noland White psychology third edition CHAPTER 1 the science of psychology Learning Objectives LO 1.1 Definition and Goals of Psychology LO 1.2 Structuralism and Functionalism LO 1.3 Early Gestalt, Psychoanalysis, and

More information

Overview. Triplett (1898) Social Influence - 1. PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology. Research in Social Psychology 2005

Overview. Triplett (1898) Social Influence - 1. PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology. Research in Social Psychology 2005 PSYCHOLOGY 305 / 305G Social Psychology Research in Social Psychology 2005 Overview Triplett s study of social influence (1897-1898) Scientific Method Experimental Advantages & Disadvantages Non-experimental

More information

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement

Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Long-term impact of childhood bereavement Preliminary analysis of the 1970 British Cohort Study (BCS70) Samantha Parsons CWRC WORKING PAPER September 2011 Long-Term Impact of Childhood Bereavement Preliminary

More information

Home Is Where The Heart Is

Home Is Where The Heart Is Home Is Where The Heart Is Where is your heart? Is it where you are, or is it out searching for a relationship to fulfill you? Is your heart into making a home for yourself and your children, or is it

More information

BIBLE LESSON # 18 1.

BIBLE LESSON # 18 1. BIBLE LESSON 1. Jacob was on a long journey going to his father's home. Jacob had his wives and children with him and he had many cows and donkeys and sheep and camels as well. Jacob's twin brother Esau,

More information

Sample Curriculum Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis I (offered in odd years):

Sample Curriculum Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis I (offered in odd years): Sample Curriculum Fundamentals of Psychoanalysis I (offered in odd years): Unit I: What is Psychoanalysis? (The psychoanalytic method; from hypnosis to free association. The Interview and The Contract.

More information

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since 1600. Dynamics of the Personality

Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since 1600. Dynamics of the Personality PSY 3360 / CGS 3325 Historical Perspectives on Psychology Minds and Machines since 1600 Dr. Peter Assmann Spring 2015 Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) When a member of my family complains to me of having bitten

More information

Adlerian Psychotherapy. Prioritizing relationships

Adlerian Psychotherapy. Prioritizing relationships Adlerian Psychotherapy Prioritizing relationships Adlerian Theory History of Adlerian Theory Inspired by Freudian psychoanalysis. Founded by Alfred Adler, championed in America by Rudolf Dreikurs. Dissemination

More information

Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about psychosexual Stages, he discusses psychosocial stages.

Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about psychosexual Stages, he discusses psychosocial stages. Psychodynamic Psyche Psychosexual Stages Unconscious Mind Home Developmental Psychology Erik Erikson Erik Erikson by Saul McLeod published 2008, updated 2013 Erik Erikson (1950, 1963) does not talk about

More information

A Guide for Parents. of Elementary and Secondary School Students

A Guide for Parents. of Elementary and Secondary School Students A Guide for Parents of Elementary and Secondary School Students The effects of bullying go beyond the school yard. As a parent, here s what to watch for, what you can do, and where you can go to get help.

More information

Feral Children, Isolated Children, and Institutionalized Children

Feral Children, Isolated Children, and Institutionalized Children Feral Children, Isolated Children, and Institutionalized Children Feral Children: Feral means wild or undomesticated A human child who has lived without human contact from a very young age, and has no

More information

Jesus at the Temple (at age 12)

Jesus at the Temple (at age 12) Jesus at the Temple (at age 12) Teacher Pep Talk: Twelve sounds so grown up, especially when you are a Little Guy! But to us adults, 12 seems really young to be doing some of the things Jesus was doing

More information

The case study method

The case study method The case study method Research method originated in clinical medicine (the case history, i.e. the patient s personal history (idiographic method) Description of the symptoms, the diagnosis, the treatment

More information

Should Abortion Be Restricted? (The Opposing Side) Jessica Bartek April 26, 2011 POLS 1101H Sec. A Professor Marc Pufong

Should Abortion Be Restricted? (The Opposing Side) Jessica Bartek April 26, 2011 POLS 1101H Sec. A Professor Marc Pufong Should Abortion Be Restricted? (The Opposing Side) Jessica Bartek April 26, 2011 POLS 1101H Sec. A Professor Marc Pufong Introduction Should abortion be restricted? This is a question that is argued over

More information

Psychology 305A: Lecture 5. Freud Part 2

Psychology 305A: Lecture 5. Freud Part 2 Psychology 305A: Lecture 5 Freud Part 2 1 Freudian Theory of Personality 2 Psychoanalytic Theory: Basic Assumptions 1. Psychological Determinism Life/sex instinct Death/aggression instinct 2. Importance

More information

Opening Our Hearts, Transforming Our Losses

Opening Our Hearts, Transforming Our Losses Preface Alcoholism is a disease of many losses. For those of us who are the relatives and friends of alcoholics, these losses affect many aspects of our lives and remain with us over time, whether or not

More information

Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Emotional Recovery: Postpartum Depression and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder By: Lisa Houchins Published: July 23, 2013 Emotions vary widely after

More information

Lost For Words This article originally appeared in Special Children magazine, Issue 191, October 2009

Lost For Words This article originally appeared in Special Children magazine, Issue 191, October 2009 Lost For Words This article originally appeared in Special Children magazine, Issue 191, October 2009 What is stammering, how does it develop in young children, and what can be done to support children

More information

THE FORGIVING FATHER

THE FORGIVING FATHER BOOK 1, PART 3, LESSON 4 THE FORGIVING FATHER THE BIBLE: Luke 15:11-32 THEME: We can discover what Jesus wants us to do and be by hearing the parables Jesus told. PREPARING FOR THE LESSON MAIN IDEA: Jesus

More information

TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS

TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS TRANSACTIONAL ANALYSIS Developed by Eric Berne during the 1950 s, Transactional Analysis (TA) is a simple method of describing our experiences of life in a way that makes both sense and brings a smile

More information

Case Study: Multiple Personalities [URL: MultiplePersonalities]

Case Study: Multiple Personalities [URL: MultiplePersonalities] January 20, 2002 [Chapter 1] Case Study: Multiple Personalities [URL: MultiplePersonalities] LEVEL: 9 SECTIONS (& perhaps subsections): I The Concept of MPD/DID II Controversies A Name B Existence III

More information

For parents. Children, armed conflict and flight

For parents. Children, armed conflict and flight For parents Children, armed conflict and flight Children s reactions to armed conflict and flight An increasing number of families and children are affected by armed conflict, and are being forced to flee.

More information

Types of Psychology. Alex Thompson. Psychology Class. Professor Phelps

Types of Psychology. Alex Thompson. Psychology Class. Professor Phelps Running Head: PSYCHOLOGY 1 Types of Psychology Alex Thompson Psychology Class Professor Phelps March 4, 2014 PSYCHOLOGY 2 Types of Psychology Developmental psychology Developmental psychology entails the

More information

Dealing with Erectile Dysfunction During and After Prostate Cancer Treatment For You and Your Partner

Dealing with Erectile Dysfunction During and After Prostate Cancer Treatment For You and Your Partner Dealing with Erectile Dysfunction During and After Prostate Cancer Treatment For You and Your Partner The following information is based on the general experiences of many prostate cancer patients. Your

More information

PRACTICE NOTES. Beginning Practice with Preoperative Male-to-Female Transgender Clients

PRACTICE NOTES. Beginning Practice with Preoperative Male-to-Female Transgender Clients PRACTICE NOTES Beginning Practice with Preoperative Male-to-Female Transgender Clients Michael E. Koetting ABSTRACT. Preoperative male-to-female transgender clients often present with specific and unique

More information

Psychoanalytic Social Theory Karen Horney

Psychoanalytic Social Theory Karen Horney Psychoanalytic Social Theory Karen Horney Psychoanalytic Social Theory is built on the assumption that social and cultural conditions, especially childhood experiences, are largely responsible for shaping

More information

The Life Story Interview

The Life Story Interview The Life Story Interview Dan P. McAdams, Northwestern University Revised 1995 Introductory Comments This is an interview about the story of your life. We are asking you to play the role of storyteller

More information

Each person normally has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 in all. We inherit one chromosome per pair from our mother and one from our father.

Each person normally has 23 pairs of chromosomes, or 46 in all. We inherit one chromosome per pair from our mother and one from our father. AP Psychology 2.2 Behavioral Genetics Article Chromosomal Abnormalities About 1 in 150 babies is born with a chromosomal abnormality (1, 2). These are caused by errors in the number or structure of chromosomes.

More information

What is the Humanist Perspective? What are the key ideas in the Humanistic perspective of personality?

What is the Humanist Perspective? What are the key ideas in the Humanistic perspective of personality? What is the Humanist Perspective? LP 13C Humanist Perspective 1 What are the key ideas in the Humanistic perspective of personality? Differences with the Psychoanalysts: Humanists focus on the healthy

More information

PUSD High Frequency Word List

PUSD High Frequency Word List PUSD High Frequency Word List For Reading and Spelling Grades K-5 High Frequency or instant words are important because: 1. You can t read a sentence or a paragraph without knowing at least the most common.

More information

Team Building. HR can provide you with support for building effective team work.

Team Building. HR can provide you with support for building effective team work. Team Building HR can provide you with support for building effective team work. Developing Effective Teams Model Typically we work with the leader or a smaller working group to determine what they would

More information

When your child is stammering?

When your child is stammering? When your child is stammering? When your child's stammer is causing him problems at the secondary school stage the advice of a therapist is just as important as for a younger child. The older child who

More information

Duties of a Husband. Lesson

Duties of a Husband. Lesson Lesson 6 Duties of a Husband A happy young man hurried home to his parents to share with them the good news that his girl friend had promised to marry him. But the father, rather than responding as his

More information

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 CLASSICAL CONDITIONING LEARNING LEARNING= Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience Some behaviours are learnt, but

More information

the call of moses after before

the call of moses after before the call of moses after before The Moses Series Day 1: The Call of Moses Sketchboard title: "God chose a leader" Text: Exodus 1-4 Introduction: Have you ever been asked to do something you didn't want

More information

A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory.

A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory. 1 A literature review of Erikson s Psychosocial Development theory. Student Name: Dannielle Brown Student No.: n5990769 Word Count: Unit: SWB102 Human Development and Behaviour Due Date: 26 th April 2012

More information

What are Cognitive and/or Behavioural Psychotherapies?

What are Cognitive and/or Behavioural Psychotherapies? What are Cognitive and/or Behavioural Psychotherapies? Paper prepared for a UKCP/BACP mapping psychotherapy exercise Katy Grazebrook, Anne Garland and the Board of BABCP July 2005 Overview Cognitive and

More information

Parable of The Prodigal Son

Parable of The Prodigal Son Parable of The Prodigal Son Teacher Pep Talk: Children need to know that they are loved unconditionally. In fact, we all need to know it! In the Parable of the Prodigal Son, Jesus assures us that God will

More information

THE SIX STAGES OF PARENTHOOD

THE SIX STAGES OF PARENTHOOD THE SIX STAGES OF PARENTHOOD The task of being a parent parallels children s growth and development. Just as children grow and change as they develop, noted researcher Ellen Galinsky asserts that parents

More information

Pastor Spotlight Martha Fisher, CBC Women s Pastor

Pastor Spotlight Martha Fisher, CBC Women s Pastor Pastor Spotlight Martha Fisher, CBC Women s Pastor Inspiration Martha Fisher, Women s Pastor at Community Bible Church, leads with a passion to reach, teach and help the women of our community for Jesus.

More information

Open Adoption: It s Your Choice

Open Adoption: It s Your Choice Open Adoption: It s Your Choice If you re pregnant and thinking about placing your child for adoption (making an adoption plan for your child), you may want to consider open adoption. Ask yourself Read

More information

Investigating Child Abuse and Neglect Fact Sheet

Investigating Child Abuse and Neglect Fact Sheet Investigating Child Abuse and Neglect Fact Sheet Our Legal Responsibilities When Butler County Children Services receives a report saying a child has been abused or neglected, the law requires us to: Find

More information

Psychodynamic Approach

Psychodynamic Approach Psychodynamic Approach LP 12D Freud/defense mech 1 Psychodynamic: An approach that regards personality as formed by needs, strivings and desires largely operating outside of awareness motives that can

More information

Treatment of Rape-related PTSD in the Netherlands: Short intensive cognitivebehavioral

Treatment of Rape-related PTSD in the Netherlands: Short intensive cognitivebehavioral Treatment of Rape-related PTSD in the Netherlands: Short intensive cognitivebehavioral programs Agnes van Minnen October 2009 University of Nijmegen Clinic of Anxiety Disorders Acknowledgements: We kindly

More information

Abraham. Part 1. (Revised 4-18-2013)

Abraham. Part 1. (Revised 4-18-2013) Abraham Part 1 (Revised 4-18-2013) In the Bible, God gives us examples of people who had faith in Him and His promises. Abraham is one of them. At the age of 75, God told Abram to leave his country, his

More information

COI Research Management Summary on behalf of the Department of Health

COI Research Management Summary on behalf of the Department of Health COI Research Management Summary on behalf of the Department of Health Title: Worth Talking About Campaign Evaluation 2010 / 2011 Quantitative research conducted by TNS-BMRB COI Reference number: 114770

More information

Writing Our Journey: Poems and Essays by Family Caregivers

Writing Our Journey: Poems and Essays by Family Caregivers Writing Our Journey: Poems and Essays by Family Caregivers Each meeting has a suggested prompt, or idea, for people to write about. Everyone is free to interpret that prompt however they d like. Below

More information

Questions and Answers about Child Sexual Abuse Treatment

Questions and Answers about Child Sexual Abuse Treatment Questions and Answers about Child Sexual Abuse Treatment An Interview with Judith Cohen, MD Dr. Judith Cohen is a member of the and Medical Director of the Center for Traumatic Stress in Children, Department

More information

What Can We Learn About Teen Pregnancy from Rural Adolescents?

What Can We Learn About Teen Pregnancy from Rural Adolescents? What Can We Learn About Teen Pregnancy from Rural Adolescents? Josie A. Weiss, PhD, FNP-BC, FAANP Associate Professor Christine E. Lynn College of Nursing Florida Atlantic University Objectives of Presentation

More information

THEME: God desires for us to demonstrate His love!

THEME: God desires for us to demonstrate His love! Devotion NT320 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Gift of Love THEME: God desires for us to demonstrate His love! SCRIPTURE: 1 Corinthians 13:1-13 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time

More information

Cain and Abel. The children will hear that we can learn to love our brothers and sisters and to help take care of them.

Cain and Abel. The children will hear that we can learn to love our brothers and sisters and to help take care of them. Cain and Abel Teacher Pep Talk: Everyone understands sibling rivalry. Even the youngest child can relate to being upset with a brother or sister. Cain and Abel are the first example of this enmity. Cain

More information

MARY PONDERS, DO WE?

MARY PONDERS, DO WE? MARY PONDERS, DO WE? The Word of God on this Christmas Day is Luke 2:19 which reads: And Mary treasured up all these things and pondered them in her heart. So far the text. The glory of God has been revealed,

More information

How do we know what we know?

How do we know what we know? Research Methods Family in the News Can you identify some main debates (controversies) for your topic? Do you think the authors positions in these debates (i.e., their values) affect their presentation

More information

Sexual Behavior and Children: When Is It a Problem and What To Do About It

Sexual Behavior and Children: When Is It a Problem and What To Do About It Sexual Behavior and Children: When Is It a Problem and What To Do About It The Harborview Center for Sexual Assault and Traumatic Stress has services to help families of children with sexual behavior problems.

More information

Talk To Your Baby Quiz

Talk To Your Baby Quiz Talk To Your Baby Quiz 1. When should you start talking to babies? a) From the moment they are born b) After six weeks c) When they smile at you 2. When does the majority of brain development occur in

More information

LESSON TITLE: Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus

LESSON TITLE: Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus Devotion NT257 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: Jesus Heals Blind Bartimaeus THEME: Jesus always has time for us! SCRIPTURE: Mark 10:46-52 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids!

More information

Old Testament. Created for use with young, unchurched learners Adaptable for all ages including adults

Old Testament. Created for use with young, unchurched learners Adaptable for all ages including adults Old Testament Created for use with young, unchurched learners Adaptable for all ages including adults Mission Arlington Mission Metroplex Curriculum Lesson 12 Page 1 M ISSION ARLINGTON MISSION METROPLEX

More information

English 10 Of Mice and Men Chapter 1 Questions (16pts) 2. List words that describe Lennie. What animal is he compared to?

English 10 Of Mice and Men Chapter 1 Questions (16pts) 2. List words that describe Lennie. What animal is he compared to? Chapter 1 Questions (16pts) 1. Describe the setting of chapter one. 2. List words that describe Lennie. What animal is he compared to? 3. List words that describe George. What animal could he be compared

More information

Considering adoption for your child

Considering adoption for your child Government of Western Australia Department for Child Protection and Family Support Considering adoption for your child What are the choices? Finding out about adoption Information and help 2 If you have

More information

Specific learning outcomes (Course: Introduction to experimental research)

Specific learning outcomes (Course: Introduction to experimental research) IB Psychology: course 1 (i3psh1, i3pss1) Standard and higher level: Introduction to experimental research The first course focuses on setting the ground for studying IB psychology; we will begin by looking

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. Here in the Philippines, we believe in the saying of our national hero Dr.

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION. Here in the Philippines, we believe in the saying of our national hero Dr. 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Here in the Philippines, we believe in the saying of our national hero Dr. Jose P. Rizal that Youth is the hope of our Mother land. In their hand lies the

More information

The Trinity is a mystery. Even great theologians don t completely understand it, and some scholars spend their whole lives studying it.

The Trinity is a mystery. Even great theologians don t completely understand it, and some scholars spend their whole lives studying it. Holy Trinity Sunday In the name of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit Mathew 28:16-20 Sometimes when I m leading chapel for our preschoolers, I ask a question like: Who was born in Bethlehem? And one of

More information

Please bear in mind the following when finalising your choices: You must have an even balance of Autumn and Spring Term modules.

Please bear in mind the following when finalising your choices: You must have an even balance of Autumn and Spring Term modules. FINAL YEAR MODULE OPTIONS FOR 2015/2016 Dear Students FINAL YEAR MODULE OPTIONS 2015-16 Now that you have had the briefing session, here are the guidelines to assist you with choosing your final year modules.

More information

Devotion NT267 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Second Coming. THEME: Jesus is coming again. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 24:27-31

Devotion NT267 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Second Coming. THEME: Jesus is coming again. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 24:27-31 Devotion NT267 CHILDREN S DEVOTIONS FOR THE WEEK OF: LESSON TITLE: The Second Coming THEME: Jesus is coming again. SCRIPTURE: Matthew 24:27-31 Dear Parents Welcome to Bible Time for Kids. Bible Time for

More information

Chapter 5. Socialization

Chapter 5. Socialization Chapter 5 Socialization I. Social Experience: The Key to Our Humanity. A. Socialization is the lifelong social experience by which individuals develop their human potential and learn culture. B. Social

More information

The practical arrangements

The practical arrangements How does psychodynamic psychotherapy work? Kirsty Passmore and Wai-Ching Leung explain what is involved in this form of "talk therapy" and why you should know about it. (Education) Student BMJ, February

More information

Freud and the Psychodynamic Perspective

Freud and the Psychodynamic Perspective OpenStax-CNX module: m49072 1 Freud and the Psychodynamic Perspective OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 4.0 By the end of

More information

Section #7: NOAH: A MAN OF FAITH

Section #7: NOAH: A MAN OF FAITH 21 Discussion Guide Section #7: NOAH: A MAN OF FAITH 1. How did Noah show his faith in God? 2. How specific were the instructions God gave? 3. Describe the size of the ark. Read to the Group: Since the

More information

Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective

Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective Drug-Addicted behaviors under Psychodynamic-Perspective Mr.Phaitoon Sangpoom Office of the Royal Development Projects Board Introduction Understanding and studying about factors that influence a person

More information

CHANGING ATTITUDE TOWARDS FEMALE EDUCATION

CHANGING ATTITUDE TOWARDS FEMALE EDUCATION CHANGING ATTITUDE TOWARDS FEMALE EDUCATION (A Case Study of Village Zandra in Balochistan) Anwaar Mohyuddin Lecturer, Department of Anthropology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan Email: unwaar@gmail.com

More information

Alexis Naugle 2-15-13. Intro to Special Education. Dr. Macy

Alexis Naugle 2-15-13. Intro to Special Education. Dr. Macy Running head: MOVIE REVIEW: MY LEFT FOOT 1 Alexis Naugle 2-15-13 Intro to Special Education Dr. Macy 2 The movie I chose to review was called My Left Foot, The story of Christy Brown filmed in 1989. The

More information

Noah s Ark Nursery. Behaviour Policy

Noah s Ark Nursery. Behaviour Policy Noah s Ark Nursery Behaviour Policy NOAH S ARK CRECHE BEHAVIOUR POLICY Version: Unique Identifier: Ratified by (name of Committee): Date ratified: Date issued: Expiry date: (Document is not valid after

More information

MRC Autism Research Forum Interventions in Autism

MRC Autism Research Forum Interventions in Autism MRC Autism Research Forum Interventions in Autism Date: 10 July 2003 Location: Aim: Commonwealth Institute, London The aim of the forum was to bring academics in relevant disciplines together, to discuss

More information

INTERVIEW QUESTIONS. Behavioral Questions by Job Competency

INTERVIEW QUESTIONS. Behavioral Questions by Job Competency INTERVIEW QUESTIONS Initial Questions What is your primary reason for leaving your current company, and how could joining the University of New Mexico/this department fill that need? What do you think

More information