Abortion & Unborn Human Life

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Abortion & Unborn Human Life"

Transcription

1 Abortion & Unborn Human Life

2

3 Patrick Lee Abortion & Unborn Human Life Second Edition The Catholic Univer sit y of America Press Washington, D.C.

4 Copyright 2010 The Catholic University of America Press All rights reserved The paper used in this publication meets the minimum requirements of American National Standards for Information Science Permanence of Paper for Printed Library materials, ANSI Z Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Lee, Patrick, 1952 Abortion and unborn human life / Patrick Lee. 2nd ed. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN (pbk. : alk. paper) 1. Abortion Moral and ethical aspects. I. Title. HQ L dc

5 To Frederick D. Wilhelmsen, in gratitude and friendship

6

7 Contents Preface to the Second Edition Acknowledgments xiii ix Introduction 1 1 Do Unborn Human Beings Become Persons after Birth? 8 2 Do Unborn Human Beings Become Persons during Gestation? 47 3 When Do Individual Human Beings Come to Be? 71 4 Is Abortion Justified as Nonintentional Killing? Consequentialist Arguments 140 Works Cited 165 Index 173

8

9 Preface to the Second Edition Since 1996 when the first edition of this book appeared, the debate about the morality of abortion has not subsided. From the standpoint of philosophy many issues have become clearer. In my judgment, the course of the debate has confirmed the position I defend in this book, namely, that unborn human beings have an equal and inherent dignity and are subjects of basic rights from the moment they come to be, which is at fertilization. In this second edition I have not attempted a complete rewrite of the original, since I believe the basic structure and overall argument set out in the first edition remain sound. Three developments, however, required significant updating. The first of these developments has been an added precision required for the argument against the gradualist position (the position that a human being only gradually comes to be). Criticism of the argument I originally set out in the first edition, especially by Dean Stretton, helped me to see that two distinct propositions need to be established in order to show that you and I are intrinsically valuable as subjects of rights from the moment we come to be that is, we do not come to be at one time but become intrinsically valuable only at a later time. Not only are human beings themselves valuable, rather than being mere vehicles as it were for what is intrinsically valuable (something made clear in the first edition), but we also are valuable in virtue of the fundamental kind of being (substance) we are (not clearly ix

10 x Preface to the second edition distinguished in the first edition). I have thus considerably fleshed out the argument in chapter 2. The second development arises from significant developments in embryology during the past thirteen years. The new evidence provided by these developments has strengthened the case for the proposition that at fertilization a new human individual comes to be. So, chapter 3 has been elaborated for this second edition. A third development came with further refinements of the basic argument that some abortions are not immoral first advanced by Judith Thomson and examined and criticized in chapter 4. David Boonin s Defense of Abortion developed that argument and showed that my critique needed further precision. So, I have added important analyses and arguments to chapter 4. In my judgment this issue is as important and more urgent today than thirteen years ago. This book shows that you and I are valuable as subjects of rights in virtue of what we are, instead of only in virtue of accidental characteristics we may acquire at some time after we come to be. What we are, the fundamental kind of being we are, is a human organism. A human organism comes to be when a human embryo comes to be at conception (fertilization). So, what is intrinsically valuable as a subject of rights comes to be when a human embryo comes to be. Moreover, it is always morally wrong intentionally to kill a human being, or to cause this person s death to avoid a harm less than death. So abortion the choice intentionally to kill an unborn human being, or a choice to expel an unborn human being in order to avoid difficulties of pregnancy is always morally wrong. What is at stake in this debate about how to treat unborn human beings is whether we will or will not recognize the fundamental equal dignity possessed by every human being, simply in virtue of being a human being, a person. The pro-abortion position is a denial of one of the most basic principles central to our civilization, namely, that all human beings, irrespective of their inessential dif-

11 Preface to the second edition xi ferences, possess an equal fundamental dignity, and no class of human beings can with justice enslave, use, experiment on, or deliberately kill, other innocent human beings for their own purposes. This principle was at stake in the nineteenth century in the United States with the issue of slavery. This is the principle that is at stake, in the central debate of our times, which is about unborn human beings. Slavery is profoundly wrong because it is intrinsically unjust to relegate a whole class of human beings to the status of mere things for use; it was inherently unjust to deny the personhood, the equal fundamental dignity of African-American human beings, for the benefit of another class of human beings. By the same token, it is inherently and intrinsically unjust to relegate the whole class of unborn human beings to the status of non-persons, to the status of mere inconvenient burdens, that can be directly killed or discarded, for the benefit of others. Just as all human beings, of every skin color, deserve equal and fundamental moral respect, in the same way, all human beings, born and unborn, deserve equal moral respect.

12

13 Acknowledgments I would like to thank Benedict Ashley, John Crosby, Mark Hurley, Brian Johnstone, Albert Moraczewski, David Solomon, and Mary Catherine Sommers for reading earlier versions, or parts of earlier versions, of this work and for helping me by their suggestions and criticisms. And I would especially like to thank Joseph Boyle and Germain Grisez not only for reading and criticizing earlier versions of the work but also for teaching me a great deal about the issues discussed here. Finally, I wish to thank Frederick D. Wilhelmsen, whose concrete example made more of a difference to my life than I can express on this page. xiii

THE PRO-LIFE ARGUMENT FROM SUBSTANTIAL IDENTITY: A DEFENCE

THE PRO-LIFE ARGUMENT FROM SUBSTANTIAL IDENTITY: A DEFENCE Bioethics ISSN 0269-9702 (print); 1467-8519 (online) Volume 18 Number 3 2004 THE PRO-LIFE ARGUMENT FROM SUBSTANTIAL IDENTITY: A DEFENCE PATRICK LEE ABSTRACT This article defends the following argument:

More information

The Wrong of Abortion

The Wrong of Abortion ABORTION CHAPTER O N E Patrick Lee and Robert P. George The Wrong of Abortion Much of the public debate about abortion concerns the question whether deliberate feticide ought to be unlawful, at least

More information

Boonin on the Future-Like-Ours Argument against Abortion. Pedro Galvão Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa

Boonin on the Future-Like-Ours Argument against Abortion. Pedro Galvão Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa Boonin on the Future-Like-Ours Argument against Abortion Pedro Galvão Centro de Filosofia da Universidade de Lisboa David Boonin s recent book 1 is an impressively deep and detailed attempt to establish

More information

Ethics Term Paper, Part III. Prepared by Alan Soskel. The ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research will be explored in this paper.

Ethics Term Paper, Part III. Prepared by Alan Soskel. The ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research will be explored in this paper. Ethics Term Paper, Part III Prepared by Alan Soskel The Ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research The ethics of Embryonic Stem Cell Research will be explored in this paper. I present a utilitarian argument

More information

Life is Precious in Every Circumstance

Life is Precious in Every Circumstance LifeNOTES Life is Precious in Every Circumstance Women who have been raped are victims of horrible crimes. It is rare for women who have been raped or who are victims of incest to become pregnant, yet

More information

A DEFENSE OF ABORTION

A DEFENSE OF ABORTION JUDITH JARVIS THOMSON S A DEFENSE OF ABORTION Phil 100, Introduction to Philosophy Benjamin Visscher Hole IV JUDITH JARVIS THOMSON is an American philosopher who teaches at the Massachusetts Institute

More information

CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS LECTURE 9 ABORTION PART 1 THE MAIN ISSUE. Is abortion morally permissible? Let us avoid:

CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS LECTURE 9 ABORTION PART 1 THE MAIN ISSUE. Is abortion morally permissible? Let us avoid: CONTEMPORARY MORAL PROBLEMS LECTURE 9 ABORTION PART 1 1 THE MAIN ISSUE Is abortion morally permissible? Let us avoid: 1. Loaded labels such as "pro-choice," "antichoice," "pro-life," "pro-abortion" 2.

More information

Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to npg - PalgraveConnect - 2016-07-05

Copyright material from www.palgraveconnect.com - licensed to npg - PalgraveConnect - 2016-07-05 This page intentionally left blank. Brand Media Strategy This page intentionally left blank. Brand Media Strategy Integrated Communications Planning in the Digital Era Second Edition Antony Young BRAND

More information

The word «embryo» is used to refer to human life in its first eight weeks; the word «fetus» is used for the period from that point until birth.

The word «embryo» is used to refer to human life in its first eight weeks; the word «fetus» is used for the period from that point until birth. Dwyer, Ethical Considerations in Fetal Transplants [5.4.1] 1 1 There are a number of distinct moral questions which concern the status of the human embryo or fetus. 1 1.1 The apparently irreconcilable

More information

Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education

Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education This page intentionally left blank Philosophy and Modern Liberal Arts Education Freedom Is to Learn Nigel Tubbs University of Winchester, UK Nigel Tubbs 2014

More information

323 GLOSSARY 359 INDEX

323 GLOSSARY 359 INDEX Contents in Brief PREFACE xiii CHAPTER 1 Arguments and Methodology 1 CHAPTER 2 Philosophical Ethics: An Introduction 16 CHAPTER 3 Our Philosophical Approaches 66 CHAPTER 4 Euthanasia 90 CHAPTER 5 Autonomy

More information

Last May, philosopher Thomas Nagel reviewed a book by Michael Sandel titled

Last May, philosopher Thomas Nagel reviewed a book by Michael Sandel titled Fourth Quarter, 2006 Vol. 29, No. 4 Editor s Watch Sandel and Nagel on Abortion Last May, philosopher Thomas Nagel reviewed a book by Michael Sandel titled Public Philosophy in The New York Review of Books.

More information

SEMINAR IN ETHICS AND LAW: TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY AND ASSISTED REPRODUCTION

SEMINAR IN ETHICS AND LAW: TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY AND ASSISTED REPRODUCTION 1 UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD, YEAR 5 CLINICAL STUDENTS COURSE IN OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY SEMINAR IN ETHICS AND LAW: TERMINATION OF PREGNANCY AND ASSISTED REPRODUCTION Dr Michael Dunn Dr Angeliki Kerasidou

More information

Stem Cell Research & Human Cloning

Stem Cell Research & Human Cloning Stem Cell Research & Human Cloning Topics for Discussion Clarify the scientific and moral definition of cloning Discuss the facts about stem cells, therapies, and cures Learn the truth about the Church

More information

SESSION 2. Unborn Life. What can. about the Seamless Garment of Life? CIRCLE OF LIFE JOURNEY let us next reflect on the mystery of...

SESSION 2. Unborn Life. What can. about the Seamless Garment of Life? CIRCLE OF LIFE JOURNEY let us next reflect on the mystery of... The CIRCLE of LIFE JOURNEY SESSION 2 Respect for Unborn Life As we continue our CIRCLE OF LIFE JOURNEY let us next reflect on the mystery of... Mary What can she teach us about the Seamless Garment of

More information

PREGNANT WOMAN S PROTECTION ACT. Model Legislation & Policy Guide For the 2013 Legislative Year

PREGNANT WOMAN S PROTECTION ACT. Model Legislation & Policy Guide For the 2013 Legislative Year PREGNANT WOMAN S PROTECTION ACT Model Legislation & Policy Guide For the 2013 Legislative Year INTRODUCTION AUL s Pregnant Woman s Protection Act seeks to ensure that a pregnant woman and her unborn child

More information

The Medical Library Association Essential Guide to Becoming an Expert Searcher: Proven Techniques, Strategies, and Tips for Finding Health Information

The Medical Library Association Essential Guide to Becoming an Expert Searcher: Proven Techniques, Strategies, and Tips for Finding Health Information The Medical Library Association Essential Guide to Becoming an Expert Searcher: Proven Techniques, Strategies, and Tips for Finding Health Information Terry Ann Jankowski Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc.

More information

Virginia RANKING: 19

Virginia RANKING: 19 Virginia RANKING: 19 Virginia provides fairly comprehensive protection for women, the unborn, and newly born children. It is also one of only a small number of states that has enacted meaningful, protective

More information

Understanding Data and Information Systems for Recordkeeping. by Philip C. Bantin

Understanding Data and Information Systems for Recordkeeping. by Philip C. Bantin Contents i Understanding Data and Information Systems for Recordkeeping by Philip C. Bantin The Archives & Record Manager s Bookshelf 2 Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. New York London Published by Neal-Schuman

More information

Study questions Give a short answer to the following questions:

Study questions Give a short answer to the following questions: Chapter 9 The Morality of Abortion 9.1 Homework Readings DW 15-17 Study questions Give a short answer to the following questions: 1. What are the two conflicting values in the abortion debate? 2. Explain

More information

A Kantian Ethical Analysis of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis by Emily Delk

A Kantian Ethical Analysis of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis by Emily Delk A Kantian Ethical Analysis of Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis by Emily Delk Introduction In an era where new genetic and reproductive technologies are increasing, ethical concerns continue to grow as

More information

Draft Copy: Do Not Cite Without Author s Permission

Draft Copy: Do Not Cite Without Author s Permission WHAT S WRONG WITH THE FUTURE OF VALUE ARGUMENT (1/8/2015) A. WHAT THE FUTURE OF VALUE ARGUMENT IS According to the future of value argument, what makes it wrong to kill those postnatal human beings we

More information

Voicing Unalienable, Dignified Rights. sentiment; therefore, both are the basis of legislation. Sister Helen Prejean illustrates the role of

Voicing Unalienable, Dignified Rights. sentiment; therefore, both are the basis of legislation. Sister Helen Prejean illustrates the role of Sydney Begerowski Begerowski 1 Voicing Unalienable, Dignified Rights While politics drives legislation, politics itself is often driven by money and ethical sentiment; therefore, both are the basis of

More information

NOTE GRISEZ ON ABORTION

NOTE GRISEZ ON ABORTION NOTE GRISEZ ON ABORTION Two recent statements on the population crisis and responsible parenthood, issued by the Board of Christian Social Concerns of the United Methodist Church, call for the elimination

More information

The Reception of Pragmatism in France & the Rise of Roman Catholic Modernism,

The Reception of Pragmatism in France & the Rise of Roman Catholic Modernism, The Reception of Pragmatism in France & the Rise of Roman Catholic Modernism, 1890 1914 The Reception of Pragmatism in France & the Rise of Roman Catholic Modernism, 1890 1914 edited by David G. Schultenover,

More information

Aristotle and citizenship: the responsibilities of the citizen in the Politics

Aristotle and citizenship: the responsibilities of the citizen in the Politics artificialhorizon.org Aristotle and citizenship: the responsibilities of the citizen in the Politics RALPH HARRINGTON Aristotle s Politics is an investigation of how people live in political communities.

More information

Study Guide for Aquinas for Armchair Theologians by Timothy M. Renick

Study Guide for Aquinas for Armchair Theologians by Timothy M. Renick Study Guide for Aquinas for Armchair Theologians by Timothy M. Renick Thomas Aquinas is viewed as the very embodiment of the medieval, monastic scholar. We picture him cloistered away in a dark, cold room,

More information

International Federation of Social Workers and International Association of Schools of Social Work Ethics in Social Work, Statement of Principles

International Federation of Social Workers and International Association of Schools of Social Work Ethics in Social Work, Statement of Principles International Federation of Social Workers and International Association of Schools of Social Work Ethics in Social Work, Statement of Principles The following was taken from the International Federation

More information

Audience: The instructions below indicate how to structure the activity for nearly any age group.

Audience: The instructions below indicate how to structure the activity for nearly any age group. Color the World with Justice: Themes of Catholic Social Teaching Coloring Activity Created by the Catholic Campaign for Human Development Archdiocese of Baltimore Megan Maher CCHD Intern 2012 Description:

More information

Domestic Food Production and Food Security in the Caribbean

Domestic Food Production and Food Security in the Caribbean Domestic Food Production and Food Security in the Caribbean This page intentionally left blank Domestic Food Production and Food Security in the Caribbean Building Capacity and Strengthening Local Food

More information

SUFFER THE VIOLINIST: WHY THE PRO ABORTION ARGUMENT FROM BODILY AUTONOMY FAILS

SUFFER THE VIOLINIST: WHY THE PRO ABORTION ARGUMENT FROM BODILY AUTONOMY FAILS CHRISTIAN RESEARCH INSTITUTE PO Box 8500, Charlotte, NC 28271 Feature Article: JAA025 SUFFER THE VIOLINIST: WHY THE PRO ABORTION ARGUMENT FROM BODILY AUTONOMY FAILS by Richard J. Poupard This article first

More information

Ethics Fall 2011

Ethics Fall 2011 Ethics 125-01 Fall 2011 PROFESSOR Martin Gunderson Office: Old Main 112 Office Hours: Wednesday, Friday 1:10-2:10, Monday 4:40-5:40, and by appointment Phone: Office: 651-696-6153 Home: 651-699-2749 COURSE

More information

STEWARDSHIP ETHICS IN DEBT MANAGEMENT

STEWARDSHIP ETHICS IN DEBT MANAGEMENT STEWARDSHIP ETHICS IN DEBT MANAGEMENT Issues in Business Ethics VOLUME 12 Series Editors Henk van Luijk, Nijenrode, Netherlands of Business, Breukelen, The Netherlands Patricia Werhane, University of Virginia,

More information

There is significant disagreement concerning the doctrine of double. Killing Innocents and the Doctrine of Double Effect.

There is significant disagreement concerning the doctrine of double. Killing Innocents and the Doctrine of Double Effect. Killing Innocents and the Doctrine of Double Effect John Zeis Abstract: Catholic moral philosophy requires an absolute prohibition against the direct killing of innocents. In this paper I consider some

More information

Stephen G. Post (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 3rd ed. (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004), Vol. 3, p. 1412

Stephen G. Post (ed.), Encyclopedia of Bioethics, 3rd ed. (New York: Macmillan Reference, 2004), Vol. 3, p. 1412 Ethics in Practice Case Study Analysis Isobel Stevenson Peter, a 32 year old, suffered horrific injuries as the result of the collapse of a bridge over which he was driving his car. He has been classified

More information

Moral Framework of Abortion

Moral Framework of Abortion Moral Framework of Abortion Editorial (p 2) Kristina Duprey: Pro-Choice: A Woman s Autonomy (3-5) Jose Barcliff: Women s Choice, or Right to Privacy (6-7) Brenda Nova: The Emotional Impact of Abortion

More information

Philosophy 1100 Introduction to Ethics. Lecture 3 Three Different Types of Ethical Theories

Philosophy 1100 Introduction to Ethics. Lecture 3 Three Different Types of Ethical Theories Philosophy 1100 Introduction to Ethics Lecture 3 Three Different Types of Ethical Theories The ethical theories that philosophers have advanced fall into three main groups. To understand these different

More information

The Complete Library Technology Planner: A Guidebook with Sample Technology Plans and RFPs on CD-ROM

The Complete Library Technology Planner: A Guidebook with Sample Technology Plans and RFPs on CD-ROM The Complete Library Technology Planner: A Guidebook with Sample Technology Plans and RFPs on CD-ROM John M. Cohn Ann L. Kelsey with a Foreword by Keith Michael Fiels Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. New

More information

Delayed Animation: An Ambiguity and Its Abuses

Delayed Animation: An Ambiguity and Its Abuses Delayed Animation: An Ambiguity and Its Abuses John J. Conley, S.J. There it is again. In a recent article on stem-cell research, Kevin Wm. Wildes argues that the Catholic Church has no clear position

More information

Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching

Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching Approaches and Methods in Language Teaching CAMBRIDGE LANGUAGE TEACHING LIBRARY A series covering central issues in language teaching and learning, by authors who have expert knowledge in their field.

More information

West Virginia Legal Research

West Virginia Legal Research West Virginia Legal Research Hollee Schwartz Temple Suzanne E. Rowe, Series Editor Carolina Academic Press Durham, North Carolina Copyright 2013 Carolina Academic Press All Rights Reserved. Library of

More information

in Counseling A Guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures Danica G. Hays

in Counseling A Guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures Danica G. Hays Assessment in Counseling A Guide to the Use of Psychological Assessment Procedures Danica G. Hays AMERICAN COUNSELING ASSOCIATION 5999 Stevenson Avenue Alexandria, VA 22304 www.counseling.org Assessment

More information

Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University

Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University Vivisection: Feeling Our Way Ahead? R. G. Frey Bowling Green State University In his paper "Lab Animals and The Art of Empathy", David Thomas presents his case against animal experimentation. That case

More information

I. The Basic Science and Current Context

I. The Basic Science and Current Context I. The Basic Science and Current Context Stem cells, or "master cells," are cells in the human body that have not yet differentiated into a particular type of tissue. As such, they seem to have the potential

More information

Current and Emerging Trends in Cyber Operations

Current and Emerging Trends in Cyber Operations Current and Emerging Trends in Cyber Operations Palgrave Macmillan s Studies in Cybercrime and Cybersecurity This book series addresses the urgent need to advance knowledge in the fields of cybercrime

More information

On Embryonic Stem Cell Research

On Embryonic Stem Cell Research Issued by USCCB, June 13, 2008 Copyright 2008, United States Conference of Catholic Bishops. All rights reserved. To order a copy of this statement, please visit www.usccbpublishing.org and click on New

More information

This page has been left blank intentionally

This page has been left blank intentionally Project Governance This page has been left blank intentionally Project Governance Ralf Müller PM Concepts, Sweden Ralf Müller 2009 All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored

More information

Injustice for All? Why Congress Should Require Criminal Intent for Criminal Convictions

Injustice for All? Why Congress Should Require Criminal Intent for Criminal Convictions Volume V Spring 2011 Injustice for All? Why Congress Should Require Criminal Intent for Criminal Convictions Rebekah Hildebrandt The author is a Master of Public Policy student at the School of Public

More information

Child Development Through Sports

Child Development Through Sports James H. Humphrey, EdD Child Development Through Sports Pre-publication REVIEW his book is designed for all par- youth sports coaches, and Tents, elementary school teachers responsible for providing physical

More information

1 The Unique Character of Human Existence

1 The Unique Character of Human Existence 1 1 The Unique Character of Human Existence Each of us is confronted with the challenge of being human, the challenge of becoming a person. It is important to emphasize this word challenge, because it

More information

Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics

Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics Utilitarianism, Kantian Ethics, Natural Rights Theories, and Religious Ethics A utilitarian argument, in the strict sense, is one what alleges that we ought to do something because it will produce more

More information

HOW IS THE ETHICS OF STEM CELL RESEARCH DIFFERENT FROM THE ETHICS OF ABORTION? ELIZABETH HARMAN

HOW IS THE ETHICS OF STEM CELL RESEARCH DIFFERENT FROM THE ETHICS OF ABORTION? ELIZABETH HARMAN Published by Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 9600 Garsington Road, Oxford OX4 2DQ, UK, and 350 Main Street, Malden, MA 02148, USA METAPHILOSOPHY Vol. 38, Nos. 2 3, April 2007 0026-1068 HOW IS THE ETHICS OF STEM

More information

Coevolutionary Economics: The Economy, Society and the Environment

Coevolutionary Economics: The Economy, Society and the Environment Coevolutionary Economics: The Economy, Society and the Environment NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND POLICY Editors: Ariel Dinar Agriculture & Natural Resources Dept. The World Bank 1818 H Street, NW Washington,

More information

P U R P O S E USCCB, Pastoral Plan for Pro-Life Activities: A Campaign in Support of Life

P U R P O S E USCCB, Pastoral Plan for Pro-Life Activities: A Campaign in Support of Life COMMUNITY RESPECT COMPASSION CARE UNDERSTANDING CHARITY FAMILY LOVE FAITH DIGNITY FORGIVENESS HAPPINESS COMMUNITY RESPECT COMPASSION CARE UNDERSTANDING CHARITY FAMILY LOVE FAITH DIGNITY FORGIVENESS HAPPINESS

More information

Instructional Design

Instructional Design Instructional Design for Librarians and Information Professionals Lesley S. J. Farmer Neal-Schuman Publishers New York London Published by Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. 100 William St., Suite 2004 New

More information

Questia Writing Center. 9 Step Writing Guide

Questia Writing Center. 9 Step Writing Guide Questia Writing Center 9 Step Writing Guide F A research paper is your opinion on a topic, informed by research you have done. It is not a summary of others thoughts, a personal essay or a review or critique.

More information

T~ thesis statement is a statement (never a question) that can be proven with examples. It is not a fact.

T~ thesis statement is a statement (never a question) that can be proven with examples. It is not a fact. Dec. 7 Starter: Read for 10 minutes. Short period/assembly schedule. Due today: Thesis statement. Take these out. We will work with them. HW: Outline and 8 quotes from your sources. 6 pro your argument

More information

Lecture Notes in Microeconomic Theory

Lecture Notes in Microeconomic Theory September 29, 2005 12:58 master Sheet number 5 Page number iii Lecture Notes in Microeconomic Theory The Economic Agent Ariel Rubinstein PRINCETON UNIVERSITY PRESS PRINCETON AND OXFORD September 29, 2005

More information

Playing God? Part One: The Ethics of Genetic Manipulation

Playing God? Part One: The Ethics of Genetic Manipulation Playing God? Part One: The Ethics of Genetic Manipulation Phil. 321: Social Ethics Spring 2009 Lawrence M. Hinman Co-Director, Center for Ethics in Science & Technology Professor of Philosophy University

More information

Abortion How Do We Respond?

Abortion How Do We Respond? Abortion How Do We Respond? [The 5 - Minute Pro-Lifer article by Scott Klusendorf accompanies this lesson plan.] One 50 minute lesson Level Grades 8-12 Applicable Courses: Social Studies, Worldview Studies,

More information

ASSEMBLY, No STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 217th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED MARCH 7, 2016

ASSEMBLY, No STATE OF NEW JERSEY. 217th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED MARCH 7, 2016 ASSEMBLY, No. STATE OF NEW JERSEY th LEGISLATURE INTRODUCED MARCH, 0 Sponsored by: Assemblyman RONALD S. DANCER District (Burlington, Middlesex, Monmouth and Ocean) Assemblywoman GAIL PHOEBUS District

More information

Women s Health Victoria

Women s Health Victoria Women s Health Victoria Termination of Pregnancy Post 20 Weeks Background Paper March 2007 Prepared by Kerrilie Rice Policy and Research Officer Published by Level 1, 123 Lonsdale Street Melbourne Victoria

More information

Homegrown. Stories from the Farm

Homegrown. Stories from the Farm Stories from the Farm i To my parents, who took me to the farm. ii Stories from the Farm by Evelyn Hoyt Frolking with Tod A. Frolking The McDonald & Woodward Publishing Company Granville, Ohio iii The

More information

MANAGING LIBRARY EMPLOYEES

MANAGING LIBRARY EMPLOYEES MANAGING LIBRARY EMPLOYEES A How-To-Do-It Manual MARY J. STANLEY HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUALS NUMBER 161 NEAL-SCHUMAN PUBLISHERS, INC. New York London Published by Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. 100 William Street,

More information

STATE OF OKLAHOMA. 1st Session of the 53rd Legislature (2011) COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE

STATE OF OKLAHOMA. 1st Session of the 53rd Legislature (2011) COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE STATE OF OKLAHOMA 1st Session of the rd Legislature (0) COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE FOR HOUSE BILL NO. 00 By: Sullivan COMMITTEE SUBSTITUTE An Act relating to public health and safety; creating the Unborn Wrongful

More information

The road to maternal death in developing countries

The road to maternal death in developing countries 1 On Women's Health and Rights Lectures, Speeches and Statements Mahmoud F. Fathalla The road to maternal death in developing countries 18th National Council of International health (NCIH) International

More information

A. The Three Main Branches of the Philosophical Study of Ethics. 1. Meta-ethics. 2. Normative Ethics. 3. Applied Ethics

A. The Three Main Branches of the Philosophical Study of Ethics. 1. Meta-ethics. 2. Normative Ethics. 3. Applied Ethics A. The Three Main Branches of the Philosophical Study of Ethics 1. Meta-ethics 2. Normative Ethics 3. Applied Ethics 1 B. Meta-ethics consists in the attempt to answer the fundamental philosophical questions

More information

Ethics: What Is Right?

Ethics: What Is Right? 8 Ethics: What Is Right? The word ethics comes from the Greek word ethos, meaning custom. The Latin equivalent of this term is mores (customs), from which we derive our words moral and morality. Although

More information

Unit 3 Handout 1: DesJardin s Environmental Ethics. Chapter 6 Biocentric Ethics and the Inherent Value of Life

Unit 3 Handout 1: DesJardin s Environmental Ethics. Chapter 6 Biocentric Ethics and the Inherent Value of Life Philosophy 160C Fall 2008 jayme johnson Unit 3 Handout 1: DesJardin s Environmental Ethics Chapter 6 Biocentric Ethics and the Inherent Value of Life Introduction So far we have focused on attempts to

More information

Chapter 2 ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING: PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL CONTEXTS

Chapter 2 ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING: PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL CONTEXTS Chapter 2 ETHICAL DECISION-MAKING: PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL CONTEXTS McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2014 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. ETHICS IS TOUGHER THAN YOU THINK... "This

More information

Abortion. for Journalists, Policymakers, and Campaigns

Abortion. for Journalists, Policymakers, and Campaigns f r o m b i r t h to death a n d b e n c h to clinic THE HASTINGS CENTER Bioethics Briefing Book for Journalists, Policymakers, and Campaigns Chapter 1 Abortion Bonnie Steinbock, Abortion, in From Birth

More information

CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM

CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM CAS IR 553 - CLASSICS OF INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS Semester II - Spring 2014 Wednesday 1-4 PM Professor Michael T. Corgan Office Hours Dept. of International Relations T & Th. 10-11:30 W 11-12 156 Bay State

More information

Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement

Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement Same-Sex Marriage and the Argument from Public Disagreement David Boonin Most arguments against same-sex marriage rest at least in part on claims about the moral status of homosexuality: claims to the

More information

Suggested Intercessions for the Prayer of the Faithful

Suggested Intercessions for the Prayer of the Faithful Suggested Intercessions for the Prayer of the Faithful Please choose some of the following to be included among the intercessions in your parish Liturgy during National Natural Family Planning Awareness

More information

HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUALS NUMBER

HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUALS NUMBER USING XML A How-To-Do-It Manual and CD-ROM for Librarians KWONG BOR NG HOW-TO-DO-IT MANUALS NUMBER 154 NEAL-SCHUMAN PUBLISHERS, INC. New York London Published by Neal-Schuman Publishers, Inc. 100 William

More information

Testimony of. Before The Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services and Education of the Committee on Appropriations United States Senate

Testimony of. Before The Subcommittee on Labor, Health and Human Services and Education of the Committee on Appropriations United States Senate Testimony of James F. Childress, Ph.D. Commissioner, National Bioethics Advisory Commission and Kyle Professor of Religious Studies Professor of Medical Education University of Virginia Charlottesville,

More information

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR PUBLIC AND NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS

HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR PUBLIC AND NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT FOR PUBLIC AND NONPROFIT ORGANIZATIONS Essential Texts for Public and Nonprofit Leadership and Management The Handbook of Nonprofit Governance, by BoardSource Strategic Planning

More information

Course Policies and Procedures:

Course Policies and Procedures: Office: HUMB 124 Email: ejloomis@jaguar1.usouthal.edu Phone: 460-6248 ecollege webpage: http://usaonline.southalabama.edu/ My home page: http://www.southalabama.edu/philosophy/loomis/index.htm DESCRIPTION:

More information

PROFESSIONAL VALUES: The Basis of My Professional Life

PROFESSIONAL VALUES: The Basis of My Professional Life Marilyn Zamarripa LIS 600 PROFESSIONAL VALUES: The Basis of My Professional Life Human beings have grappled with issues of right and wrong, morality and law, and ethics and duty ever since human beings

More information

Whitney Fasbender. The University Of Kansas School of Nursing

Whitney Fasbender. The University Of Kansas School of Nursing The Savior Child: Having a Child to Save a Sibling Is this Right? Whitney Fasbender The University Of Kansas School of Nursing About the author: A native of Cheney, Kansas, Whitney was inducted into Delta

More information

LIFE: WHAT REALLY MATTERS?

LIFE: WHAT REALLY MATTERS? LIFE: WHAT REALLY MATTERS? A CULTURE OF LIFE "The culture of life means respect for nature and protection of God's work of creation. In a special way, it means respect for human life from the first moment

More information

Frances Kamm, Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Moral Defense

Frances Kamm, Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Moral Defense Frances Kamm, Human Embryonic Stem Cell Research: A Moral Defense University of San Diego Lawrence M. Hinman, Ph.D. Director, The Values Institute 2/8/2006 Lawrence M. Hinman 1 Source Originally published

More information

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Ethical Aspects. Sonya Al-Mohammed, MBBS, Arab Board, MSc*

Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Ethical Aspects. Sonya Al-Mohammed, MBBS, Arab Board, MSc* Bahrain Medical Bulletin, Vol. 36, No. 4, December 2014 Education-Family Physician Corner Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis Ethical Aspects Sonya Al-Mohammed, MBBS, Arab Board, MSc* In vitro fertilization

More information

Abortion. This paper aims to explore some political, ethical and scientific issues around abortion in the UK today.

Abortion. This paper aims to explore some political, ethical and scientific issues around abortion in the UK today. Abortion Abortion is a sensitive issue, with ongoing ethical and moral debates relating too: The status of the unborn Pregnancy, contraception and birth control Time limits for abortion and start of life

More information

Is Peter Singer s Utilitarian Argument about Abortion Tenable?

Is Peter Singer s Utilitarian Argument about Abortion Tenable? On Singer s Utilitarian Argument about Abortion Richmond Journal of Philosophy 17 (Spring 2008) Keith Crome Is Peter Singer s Utilitarian Argument about Abortion Tenable? Keith Crome Introduction My aim

More information

The Ethics of Organ Transplantation The University of St. Thomas Houston, TX Scanlan Room, Jerabeck Center March 27-29, 2009

The Ethics of Organ Transplantation The University of St. Thomas Houston, TX Scanlan Room, Jerabeck Center March 27-29, 2009 The Ethics of Organ Transplantation The University of St. Thomas Houston, TX Scanlan Room, Jerabeck Center March 27-29, 2009 cosponsored by The Center for Thomistic Studies and St. Joseph Medical Center

More information

Indiana RANKING: 7 INDIANA ABORTION. Abortions may be performed at or after 5 months (i.e., 20 weeks) gestation only for medical necessity.

Indiana RANKING: 7 INDIANA ABORTION. Abortions may be performed at or after 5 months (i.e., 20 weeks) gestation only for medical necessity. Indiana RANKING: 7 Indiana has made significant strides in recent years to protect women and unborn children from the harms inherent in abortion and from substandard abortion clinics. This trend continued

More information

Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury*

Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury* Paradoxes of Abortion and Prenatal Injury* Jeff McMahan ARTICLES I. KILLING AND INJURING Many people who believe that abortion may often be justified by appeal to the pregnant woman s interests also believe

More information

SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS

SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS SUGGESTED LEARNING CONTEXTS Within the broad area of the place of religion in society teachers may choose from one or more o the suggested contexts (this list is not exhaustive): Religion in history e.g.

More information

Section Two Deciphering the Essay Question

Section Two Deciphering the Essay Question Department of Lifelong Learning: Study Skills Series A Complete Guide to Writing Essays Section Two Deciphering the Essay Question Before starting any research, doing any writing, or even any hypothesising,

More information

Critical Study David Benatar. Better Never To Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006)

Critical Study David Benatar. Better Never To Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) NOÛS 43:4 (2009) 776 785 Critical Study David Benatar. Better Never To Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006) ELIZABETH HARMAN Princeton University In this

More information

The Disappearance of the Social in American Social Psychology

The Disappearance of the Social in American Social Psychology The Disappearance of the Social in American Social Psychology The Disappearance of the Social in American Social Psychology is a critical conceptual history of American social psychology. In this challenging

More information

Financial Derivatives Futures, Forwards, Swaps, Options, Corporate Securities, and Credit Default Swaps

Financial Derivatives Futures, Forwards, Swaps, Options, Corporate Securities, and Credit Default Swaps Financial Derivatives Futures, Forwards, Swaps, Options, Corporate Securities, and Credit Default Swaps World Scientific Lecture Notes in Economics ISSN: 2382-6118 Series Editor: Dirk Bergemann (Yale University,

More information

Program Level Learning Outcomes for the Department of Philosophy Page 1

Program Level Learning Outcomes for the Department of Philosophy Page 1 Page 1 PHILOSOPHY General Major I. Depth and Breadth of Knowledge. A. Will be able to recall what a worldview is and recognize that we all possess one. B. Should recognize that philosophy is most broadly

More information

Kant s deontological ethics

Kant s deontological ethics Michael Lacewing Kant s deontological ethics DEONTOLOGY Deontologists believe that morality is a matter of duty. We have moral duties to do things which it is right to do and moral duties not to do things

More information

In Defense of Kantian Moral Theory Nader Shoaibi University of California, Berkeley

In Defense of Kantian Moral Theory Nader Shoaibi University of California, Berkeley In Defense of Kantian Moral Theory University of California, Berkeley In this paper, I will argue that Kant provides us with a plausible account of morality. To show that, I will first offer a major criticism

More information

Millersville Bible Church Apologetics Class Pro-Life 101

Millersville Bible Church Apologetics Class Pro-Life 101 Millersville Bible Church Apologetics Class Pro-Life 101 What would be communicated if you were to overhear a little boy ask his father the following question: Daddy, can I kill this? This question immediately

More information

Objections to Friedman s Shareholder/Stockholder Theory

Objections to Friedman s Shareholder/Stockholder Theory Objections to Friedman s Shareholder/Stockholder Theory 1. Legal Morally Permissible: Almeder offers several criticisms of Friedman s claim that the only obligation of businesses is to increase profit

More information

I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong

I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong I Was Once a Fetus: That is Why Abortion is Wrong Alexander R. Pruss INTRODUCTION I am going to give an argument showing that abortion is wrong in exactly the same circumstances in which it is wrong to

More information

Business. Democratic Socialism. Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden. Levi Evans

Business. Democratic Socialism. Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden. Levi Evans Business Levi Evans Democratic Socialism Sponsoring Faculty Member: Professor Cindi Bearden Levi Evans Democratic presidential primary candidate, Bernie Sanders, wants America to adopt the political and

More information