Angle Relationships in Parallel Lines and Triangles?

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1 ngle Relationships in Parallel Lines and Triangles? MOUL 11 LSSON 11.1 Parallel Lines ut by a Transversal OMMON OR SSNTIL QUSTION How can you use angle relationships in parallel lines and triangles to solve real-world problems? LSSON 11.2 ngle Theorems for Triangles OMMON OR 8..7, 8..7b, LSSON 11.3 ngle-ngle Similarity OMMON OR 8..6, 8..7, Image redits: Nifro Travel Images/lamy Images Real-World Video Many cities are designed on a grid with parallel streets. If another street runs across the parallel lines, it is a transversal. Special relationships exist between parallel lines and transversals. Math On the Spot nimated Math Personal Math Trainer Go digital with your write-in student edition, accessible on any device. Scan with your smart phone to jump directly to the online edition, video tutor, and more. Interactively explore key concepts to see how math works. Get immediate feedback and help as you work through practice sets. 343

2 re YOU Ready? omplete these exercises to review skills you will need for this module. Solve Two-Step quations Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention XMPL 7x + 9 = 30 7x = x = 21 7x 7 = 21 7 x = 3 Write the equation. Subtract 9 from both sides. Simplify. ivide both sides by 7. Simplify. Solve for x. 1. 6x + 10 = x - 6 = x + 26 = x + 5 = x - 7 = _ 2 x + 9 = _ 3 x - 7 = x = 8.4 Name ngles XMPL K J L Use three points of an angle, including the vertex, to name the angle. Write the vertex between the other two points: JKL or LKJ. You can also use just the vertex letter to name the angle if there is no danger of confusing the angle with another. This is also K. Give two names for the angle formed by the dashed rays R M S G H Z V M T F L K 344 Unit 5

3 Reading Start-Up Visualize Vocabulary Use the words to complete the graphic. You can put more than one word in each section of the triangle. Reviewing ngles Understand Vocabulary omplete the sentences using preview words. 1. line that intersects two or more lines is a. 2. Figures with the same shape but not necessarily the same size are. ctive Reading in measures > 0 and < 90 measures >90 and < n is an angle formed by one side of the triangle and the extension of an adjacent side. Pyramid efore beginning the module, create a pyramid to help you organize what you learn. Label each side with one of the lesson titles from this module. s you study each lesson, write important ideas like vocabulary, properties, and formulas on the appropriate side. Vocabulary Review Words acute angle (ángulo agudo) angle (ángulo) congruent (congruente) obtuse angle (ángulo obtuso) parallel lines (líneas paralelas) vertex (vértice) Preview Words alternate exterior angles (ángulos alternos externos) alternate interior angles (ángulos alternos internos) corresponding angles (ángulos correspondientes (para líneas)) exterior angle (ángulo externo de un polígono) interior angle (ángulos internos) remote interior angle (ángulo interno remoto) same-side interior angles (ángulos internos del mismo lado) similar (semejantes) transversal (transversal) Module

4 MOUL 11 Unpacking the Standards Understanding the standards and the vocabulary terms in the standards will help you know exactly what you are expected to learn in this module. OMMON OR Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles. Key Vocabulary transversal (transversal) line that intersects two or more lines. What It Means to You You will learn about the special angle relationships formed when parallel lines are intersected by a third line called a transversal. UNPKING XMPL Which angles formed by the transversal and the parallel lines seem to be congruent? It appears that the angles below are congruent OMMON OR Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles, about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal, and the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles. Visit to see all the ommon ore Standards unpacked. What It Means to You You will use the angle-angle criterion to determine similarity of two triangles. UNPKING XMPL xplain whether the triangles are similar. Two angles in the large triangle are congruent to two angles in the smaller triangle, so the third pair of angles must also be congruent, which makes the triangles similar m 3 = 180 m 3 = Unit 5

5 ? LSSON 11.1 SSNTIL QUSTION Parallel Lines ut by a Transversal What can you conclude about the angles formed by parallel lines that are cut by a transversal? OMMON OR Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angles created when parallel lines are cut by a transversal. XPLOR TIVITY 1 Parallel Lines and Transversals transversal is a line that intersects two lines in the same plane at two different points. Transversal t and lines a and b form eight angles. a b t OMMON OR xterior 5 6 Interior 7 8 xterior ngle Pairs Formed by a Transversal Use geometry software to explore the angles formed when a transversal intersects parallel lines. Term orresponding angles lie on the same side of the transversal t, on the same side of lines a and b. lternate interior angles are nonadjacent angles that lie on opposite sides of the transversal t, between lines a and b. lternate exterior angles lie on opposite sides of the transversal t, outside lines a and b. Same-side interior angles lie on the same side of the transversal t, between lines a and b. onstruct a line and label two points on the line and. reate point not on. Then construct a line parallel to through point. reate another point on this line and label it. xample 1 and 5 3 and 6 1 and 8 3 and 5 File dit isplay onstruct Transform Measure Graph Window Help Lesson

6 XPLOR TIVITY 1 (cont d) reate two points outside the two parallel lines and label them and F. onstruct transversal F. Label the points of intersection G and H. Measure the angles formed by the parallel lines and the transversal. Write the angle measures in the table below. File dit isplay onstruct Transform Measure Graph Window Help G H F rag point or point F to a different position. Record the new angle measures in the table. ngle G G GH GH HG HG HF HF Measure Measure Reflect Make a onjecture Identify the pairs of angles in the diagram. Then make a conjecture about their angle measures. rag a point in the diagram to confirm your conjecture. 1. corresponding angles 2. alternate interior angles 3. alternate exterior angles 4. same-side interior angles 348 Unit 5

7 XPLOR TIVITY 2 Justifying ngle Relationships You can use tracing paper to informally justify your conclusions from the first xplore ctivity. Lines a and b are parallel. (The black arrows on the diagram indicate parallel lines.) OMMON OR Trace the diagram onto tracing paper. b a t Position the tracing paper over the original diagram so that 1 on the tracing is over 5 on the original diagram. ompare the two angles. o they appear to be congruent? Recall that vertical angles are the opposite angles formed by two intersecting lines. 1 and 4 are vertical angles. Math Talk Mathematical Practices What do you notice about the special angle pairs formed by the transversal? Use the tracing paper to compare all eight angles in the diagram to each other. List all of the congruent angle pairs. Finding Unknown ngle Measures You can find any unknown angle measure when two parallel lines are cut by a transversal if you are given at least one other angle measure. XMPL 1 Find m 2 when m 7 = is congruent to 7 because they are alternate exterior angles. Therefore, m 2 = 125. Find m VWZ. VWZ is supplementary to YVW because they are same-side interior angles. m VWZ + m YVW = 180 S V U 6x T W 3x Z X OMMON OR Y Math On the Spot nimated Math Lesson

8 From the previous page, m VWZ + m YVW = 180, m VWZ = 3x, and m YVW = 6x. m VWZ + m YVW = 180 3x + 6x = 180 Replace m VWZ with 3x and m YVW with 6x. 9x = 180 ombine like terms. 9x 9 = ivide both sides by 9. Simplify. x = 20 m VWZ = 3x = (3 20) = 60 YOUR TURN Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Find each angle measure. 5. m G = 6. m F = 7. m G = 4x 6x F G H Guided Practice Use the figure for xercises 1 4. (xplore ctivity 1 and xample 1) 1. UVY and are a pair of corresponding angles. 2. WVY and VWT are angles. S V 4x U Y? 3. Find m SVW. 4. Find m VWT. 5. Vocabulary When two parallel lines are cut by a transversal, SSNTIL QUSTION HK-IN angles are supplementary. (xplore ctivity 1) 6. What can you conclude about the interior angles formed when two parallel lines are cut by a transversal? T 5x W Z X 350 Unit 5

9 Name lass ate 11.1 Independent Practice OMMON OR Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Vocabulary Use the figure for xercises Name all pairs of corresponding angles. 8. Name both pairs of alternate exterior angles. 9. Name the relationship between 3 and Name the relationship between 4 and 6. Find each angle measure. 11. m G when m FH = m GH when m HF = m HF when m G = m HG when m HG = m GH = G 3x (2x + 50) H F 16. m GH = 17. The ross ountry ike Trail follows a straight line where it crosses 350th and 360th Streets. The two streets are parallel to each other. What is the measure of the larger angle formed at the intersection of the bike trail and 360th Street? xplain. 18. ritical Thinking How many different angles would be formed by a transversal intersecting three parallel lines? How many different angle measures would there be? Lesson

10 19. ommunicate Mathematical Ideas In the diagram at the right, suppose m 6 = 125. xplain how to find the measures of each of the other seven numbered angles FOUS ON HIGHR ORR THINKING Work rea 20. raw onclusions In a diagram showing two parallel lines cut by a transversal, the measures of two same-side interior angles are both given as 3x. Without writing and solving an equation, can you determine the measures of both angles? xplain. Then write and solve an equation to find the measures. 21. Make a onjecture raw two parallel lines and a transversal. hoose one of the eight angles that are formed. How many of the other seven angles are congruent to the angle you selected? How many of the other seven angles are supplementary to your angle? Will your answer change if you select a different angle? 22. ritique Reasoning In the diagram at the right, 2, 3, 5, and 8 are all congruent, and 1, 4, 6, and 7 are all congruent. iden says that this is enough information to conclude that the diagram shows two parallel lines cut by a transversal. Is he correct? Justify your answer Unit 5

11 ? LSSON 11.2 SSNTIL QUSTION ngle Theorems for Triangles OMMON OR What can you conclude about the measures of the angles of a triangle? Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle sum and exterior angle of triangles. lso 8..7, 8..7b XPLOR TIVITY 1 OMMON OR Sum of the ngle Measures in a Triangle There is a special relationship between the measures of the interior angles of a triangle. raw a triangle and cut it out. Label the angles,, and. Tear off each corner of the triangle. ach corner includes the vertex of one angle of the triangle. rrange the vertices of the triangle around a point so that none of your corners overlap and there are no gaps between them. What do you notice about how the angles fit together around a point? F What is the measure of a straight angle? escribe the relationship among the measures of the angles of. The Triangle Sum Theorem states that for, m + m + m =. Reflect 1. Justify Reasoning an a triangle have two right angles? xplain. 2. nalyze Relationships escribe the relationship between the two acute angles in a right triangle. xplain your reasoning. Lesson

12 XPLOR TIVITY 2 OMMON OR Justifying the Triangle Sum Theorem You can use your knowledge of parallel lines intersected by a transversal to informally justify the Triangle Sum Theorem. Follow the steps to informally prove the Triangle Sum Theorem. You should draw each step on your own paper. The figures below are provided for you to check your work. raw a triangle and label the angles as 1, 2, and 3 as shown. raw line a through the base of the triangle. b 1 The Parallel Postulate states that through a point not on a line l, there is exactly one line parallel to line l. raw line b parallel to line a, through the vertex opposite the base of the triangle. a 2 3 xtend each of the non-base sides of the triangle to form transversal s and transversal t. Transversals s and t intersect parallel lines a and b. Label the angles formed by line b and the transversals as 4 and 5. b s t F ecause 4 and are alternate interior a 2 3 angles, they are. Label 4 with the number of the angle to which it is congruent. G ecause 5 and they are. are alternate interior angles, H Label 5 with the number of the angle to which it is congruent. The three angles that lie along line b at the vertex of the triangle are 1, 4, and 5. Notice that these three angles lie along a line. So, m 1 + m 2 + m 5 =. ecause angles 2 and 4 are congruent and angles 3 and 5 are congruent, you can substitute m 2 for m 4 and m 3 for m 5 in the equation above. So, m 1 + m 2 + m 3 =. This shows that the sum of the angle measures in a triangle is always. 354 Unit 5

13 Reflect 3. nalyze Relationships How can you use the fact that m 4 + m 1 + m 5 = 180 to show that m 2 + m 1 + m 3 = 180? Finding Missing ngle Measures in Triangles If you know the measures of two angles in a triangle, you can use the Triangle Sum Theorem to find the measure of the third angle. XMPL 1 Find the missing angle measure. OMMON OR 8..7 Math On the Spot My Notes STP 1 Write the Triangle Sum Theorem for this triangle. 100 m + m + m F = 180 STP 2 Substitute the given angle measures m = 180 F 55 STP 3 Solve the equation for m m = 180 YOUR TURN m = m = 25 So, m = 25. Find the missing angle measure. 4. K 5. Simplify. Subtract 155 from both sides. S 29 R J Personal L 61 Math Trainer m K = m R = T Online ssessment and Intervention Lesson

14 XPLOR TIVITY 3 OMMON OR xterior ngles and Remote Interior ngles n interior angle of a triangle is formed by two sides of the triangle. n exterior angle is formed by one side of the triangle and the extension of an adjacent side. ach exterior angle has two remote interior angles. remote interior angle is an interior angle that is not adjacent to the exterior angle. 2 1, 2, and 3 are interior angles. 4 is an exterior angle and 2 are remote interior angles to 4. There is a special relationship between the measure of an exterior angle and the measures of its remote interior angles. 2 xtend the base of the triangle and label the exterior angle as 4. The Triangle Sum Theorem states: 1 3 m 1 + m 2 + m 3 =. 3 and 4 form a, so m 3 + m 4 =. Use the equations in and to complete the following equation: m 1 + m 2 + = + m 4 Use properties of equality to simplify the equation in : The xterior ngle Theorem states that the measure of an is equal to the sum of its angles. Reflect 6. Sketch a triangle and draw all of its exterior angles. How many exterior angles does a triangle have at each vertex? 7. How many total exterior angles does a triangle have? angle 356 Unit 5

15 Using the xterior ngle Theorem You can use the xterior ngle Theorem to find the measures of the interior angles of a triangle. XMPL 2 OMMON OR 8..7b Math On the Spot Find m and m. STP 1 Write the xterior ngle Theorem as it applies to this triangle. m + m = m (4y - 4) 52 3y STP 2 STP 3 Substitute the given angle measures. (4y - 4) + 3y = 52 Solve the equation for y. (4y - 4) + 3y = 52 Math Talk Mathematical Practices escribe two ways to find m. 4y y = 52 7y - 4 = 52 _ + 4 _ + 4 7y = 56 7y 7 = 56 7 y = 8 Remove parentheses. Simplify. dd 4 to both sides. Simplify. ivide both sides by 7. Simplify. STP 4 Use the value of y to find m and m. YOUR TURN m = 4y - 4 m = 3y = 4(8) - 4 = 3(8) = 32-4 = 24 = 28 So, m = 28 and m = Find m M and m N. m M = m N = M (5y + 3) (4y + 8) 146 N P Q Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Lesson

16 Guided Practice Find each missing angle measure. (xplore ctivity 1 and xample 1) 1. M 2. R 126 L N Q 24 S m M = m Q = Use the Triangle Sum Theorem to find the measure of each angle in degrees. (xplore ctivity 2 and xample 1) 3. T (7x + 4) (5x + 3) V 4. X n Y 1 n 2 U (2x + 5) m T =, m U =, m V = Z 1 n 2 m X =, m Y =, m Z = Use the xterior ngle Theorem to find the measure of each angle in degrees. (xplore ctivity 3 and xample 2) 5. (7y + 6) 6. J K L 161 (18z + 3)? 4y 116 F (5z - M 3) m =, m =, m L =, m M =, m = m LKM = SSNTIL QUSTION HK-IN 7. escribe the relationships among the measures of the angles of a triangle. 358 Unit 5

17 Name lass ate 11.2 Independent Practice OMMON OR 8..7, 8..7b, Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Find the measure of each angle T 98 2x x x F x W m = m T = V m F = m V = 10. G 11. Q 5x (3y + 5) S 153 R (2y - 7) P H 4x 3x J m Q = m G = m H = m P = m QRP = m J = m = L 3x K 2x x m K = m L = M N m = m KML = m = m LMN = 14. Multistep The second angle in a triangle is five times as large as the first. The third angle is two-thirds as large as the first. Find the angle measures. Lesson

18 15. nalyze Relationships an a triangle have two obtuse angles? xplain. FOUS ON HIGHR ORR THINKING Work rea 16. ritical Thinking xplain how you can use the Triangle Sum Theorem to find the measures of the angles of an equilateral triangle. 17. a. raw onclusions Find the sum of the measures of the angles in quadrilateral. (Hint: raw diagonal _. How can you use the figures you have formed to find the sum?) Sum = b. Make a onjecture Write a Quadrilateral Sum Theorem. xplain why you think it is true. 18. ommunicate Mathematical Ideas escribe two ways that an exterior angle of a triangle is related to one or more of the interior angles. 360 Unit 5

19 LSSON 11.3 ngle-ngle Similarity OMMON OR Use informal arguments to establish facts about the angle-angle criterion for similarity of triangles. lso 8..6, 8..7? SSNTIL QUSTION How can you determine when two triangles are similar? XPLOR TIVITY 1 OMMON OR iscovering ngle-ngle Similarity Similar figures have the same shape but may have different sizes. Two triangles are similar if their corresponding angles are congruent and the lengths of their corresponding sides are proportional. Use your protractor and a straightedge to draw a triangle. Make one angle measure 45 and another angle measure 60. ompare your triangle to those drawn by your classmates. How are the triangles the same? How are they different? Use the Triangle Sum Theorem to find the measure of the third angle of your triangle. Reflect 1. If two angles in one triangle are congruent to two angles in another triangle, what do you know about the third pair of angles? 2. Make a onjecture re two pairs of congruent angles enough information to conclude that two triangles are similar? xplain. Lesson

20 Using the Similarity Postulate ngle-ngle () Similarity Postulate Math On the Spot If two angles of one triangle are congruent to two angles of another triangle, then the triangles are similar. XMPL 1 xplain whether the triangles are similar. OMMON OR F 45 The figure shows only one pair of congruent angles. Find the measure of the third angle in each triangle m = m = 180 Math Talk Mathematical Practices re all right triangles similar? Why or why not? m = m = m = m = m = 35 m = 45 ecause two angles in one triangle are congruent to two angles in the other triangle, the triangles are similar. YOUR TURN 3. xplain whether the triangles are similar. R N O O P Q Q 49 S Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention 362 Unit 5

21 Finding Missing Measures in Similar Triangles ecause corresponding angles are congruent and corresponding sides are proportional in similar triangles, you can use similar triangles to solve real-world problems. Math On the Spot XMPL 2 OMMON OR 8..7 While playing tennis, Matt is 12 meters from the net, which is 0.9 meter high. He needs to hit the ball so that it just clears the net and lands 6 meters beyond the base of the net. t what height should Matt hit the tennis ball? oth triangles contain and a right angle, so and are similar. Net 0.9 m 6 m 12 m Height of ball when hit h m In similar triangles, corresponding side lengths are proportional. = = 0.9 h = 0.9 h = h 2.7 = h Substitute the lengths from the figure. Use properties of equality to get h by itself. Simplify. Multiply. Matt should hit the ball at a height of 2.7 meters. Reflect 4. What If? Suppose you set up a proportion so that each ratio compares parts of one triangle, as shown below. height of base of = height of base of Show that this proportion leads to the same value for h as in xample 2. Lesson

22 YOUR TURN Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention 5. Rosie is building a wheelchair ramp that is 24 feet long and 2 feet high. She needs to install a vertical support piece 8 feet from the end of the ramp. What is the length of the support piece in inches? 8 ft h ft 24 ft 2 ft 6. The lower cable meets the tree at a height of 6 feet and extends out 16 feet from the base of the tree. If the triangles are similar, how tall is the tree? 56 ft XPLOR TIVITY 2 OMMON OR 8..6 Using Similar Triangles to xplain Slope You can use similar triangles to show that the slope of a line is constant. raw a line l that is not a horizontal line. Label four points on the line as,,, and. You need to show that the slope between points and is the same as the slope between points and. 364 Unit 5

23 raw the rise and run for the slope between points and. Label the intersection as point. raw the rise and run for the slope between points and. Label the intersection as point F. Write expressions for the slope between and and between and. Slope between and : Slope between and : F xtend and F across your drawing. and F are both horizontal lines, so they are parallel. Line l is a that intersects parallel lines. omplete the following statements: and are corresponding angles and are. and are right angles and are. F y ngle ngle Similarity, and are similar triangles. G H Use the fact that the lengths of corresponding sides of similar triangles are proportional to complete the following ratios: F = F Recall that you can also write the proportion so that the ratios compare parts of the same triangle: F =. I Reflect The proportion you wrote in step H shows that the ratios you wrote in are equal. So, the slope of line l is constant. 7. What If? Suppose that you label two other points on line l as G and H. Would the slope between these two points be different than the slope you found in the xplore ctivity? xplain. Lesson

24 Guided Practice 1. xplain whether the triangles are similar. Label the angle measures in the figure. (xplore ctivity 1 and xample 1) F has angle measures and F has angle measures. ecause in one triangle are congruent to in the other triangle, the triangles are. 2. flagpole casts a shadow 23.5 feet long. t the same time of day, Mrs. Gilbert, who is 5.5 feet tall, casts a shadow that is 7.5 feet long. How tall in feet is the flagpole? Round your answer to the nearest tenth. (xample 2) 5.5 = h Flagpole h ft 5.5 ft Mrs. Gilbert 16 ft 7.5 ft h = feet 3. Two transversals intersect two parallel lines as shown. xplain whether and are similar. (xample 1)? and are since they are. and are since they are. y, and are. SSNTIL QUSTION HK-IN 4. How can you determine when two triangles are similar? 366 Unit 5

25 Name lass ate 11.3 Independent Practice OMMON OR 8..6, 8..7, Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Use the diagrams for xercises 5 7. G K F 47 H 69 I J L 5. Find the missing angle measures in the triangles. 6. Which triangles are similar? 7. nalyze Relationships etermine which angles are congruent to the angles in. 8. Multistep tree casts a shadow that is 20 feet long. Frank is 6 feet tall, and while standing next to the tree he casts a shadow that is 4 feet long. 4 ft a. How tall is the tree? b. How much taller is the tree than Frank? 9. Represent Real-World Problems Sheila is climbing on a ladder that is attached against the side of a jungle gym wall. She is 5 feet off the ground and 3 feet from the base of the ladder, which is 15 feet from the wall. raw a diagram to help you solve the problem. How high up the wall is the top of the ladder? 10. Justify Reasoning re two equilateral triangles always similar? xplain. 6 ft 20 ft Lesson

26 11. ritique Reasoning Ryan calculated the missing measure in the diagram shown. What was his mistake? = h = h = h 3.4 cm 6.5 cm 19.5 cm h 10.2 cm = h FOUS ON HIGHR ORR THINKING Work rea 12. ommunicate Mathematical Ideas For a pair of triangular earrings, how can you tell if they are similar? How can you tell if they are congruent? 13. ritical Thinking When does it make sense to use similar triangles to measure the height and length of objects in real life? 14. Justify Reasoning Two right triangles on a coordinate plane are similar but not congruent. ach of the legs of both triangles are extended by 1 unit, creating two new right triangles. re the resulting triangles similar? xplain using an example. 368 Unit 5

27 MOUL QUIZ Ready 11.1 Parallel Lines ut by a Transversal In the figure, line p line q. Find the measure of each angle if m 8 = 115. Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention 1. m 7 = 2. m 6 = t 3. m 1 = p q 11.2 ngle Theorems for Triangles Find the measure of each angle. 4. m = (3y + 22) 5. m = 6. m = 106 4y 11.3 ngle-ngle Similarity Triangle FG is similar to triangle IHJ. Find the missing values. H 42 x (5y + 7) G 60 F J 40 I 7. x = 8. y = 9. m H = SSNTIL QUSTION 10. How can you use similar triangles to solve real-world problems? Module

28 MOUL 11 MIX RVIW ssessment Readiness Personal Math Trainer Online ssessment and Intervention Selected Response Use the figure for xercises 1 and Kaylee wrote in her dinosaur report that the Jurassic period was years ago. What is this number written in standard form? l m t 1,750,000 17,500, ,000,000 17,500,000, Which angle pair is a pair of alternate exterior angles? 5 and 6 6 and and 4 5 and 2 2. Which of the following angles is not congruent to 3? The measures, in degrees, of the three angles of a triangle are given by 2x + 1, 3x - 3, and 9x. What is the measure of the smallest angle? Which is a possible measure of in the triangle below? Given that y is proportional to x, what linear equation can you write if y is 16 when x is 20? y = 20x y = 4_ 5 x y = _ 5 4 x y = 0.6x Mini-Task 7. Two transversals intersect two parallel lines as shown. J (6x + 1) N L K 25 (3x + 11) M a. What is the value of x? b. What is the measure of LMN? c. What is the measure of KLM? d. Which two triangles are similar? How do you know? 370 Unit 5

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