1 ACADEMIC LEARNING PACKETS PHYSICAL EDUCATION Volume 3 Copyright 2006 by The Advantage Press, Inc. Limited license to photocopy at purchasing school only All other rights reserved For information, address The Advantage Press, Inc. P. O. Box 3025, Lisle, Illinois USA Telephone: (630)
2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ACADEMIC LEARNING PACKETS PHYSICAL EDUCATION INSTRUCTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS Learning Packet #23: ICE HOCKEY Student Response Packet Learning Packet #24: DODGE BALL Student Response Packet Learning Packet #25: WATER POLO Student Response Packet Learning Packet #26: TEAM HANDBALL Student Response Packet Learning Packet #27: LACROSSE Student Response Packet Learning Packet #28: FRISBEE Student Response Packet Learning Packet #29: NETBALL Student Response Packet Physical Education Learning Packets: Volume III 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
3 Learning Packet #30: TABLE TENNIS Student Response Packet Learning Packet #31: FLAG FOOTBALL Student Response Packet Learning Packet #32: FLOOR HOCKEY Student Response Packet Learning Packet #33: CARDIO KICKBOXING Student Response Packet Teacher Answer Section Physical Education Learning Packets: Volume III 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
4 LICENSE TERMS FOR ADVANTAGE PRESS LEARNING PACKETS The following License Terms govern your use of the Advantage Press, Inc. Learning Packets. 1. License Grant. The Advantage Press, Inc. grants you a license to use the Learning Packet Files contained on the enclosed CD. Use includes using, storing, loading, installing, executing, and displaying the Learning Packet Files. You may modify the Learning Packet Files. 2. Ownership. The Learning Packet Files are owned and copyrighted by The Advantage Press, Inc. Your license confers no title to, or ownership in, the Learning Packet Files and is not a sale of any rights in the Learning Packet Files. 3. Copies and Adaptations. You may only make copies or adaptations of the Learning Packet Files for archival purposes and for dissemination in the Purchasing School Building. You must reproduce all copyright notices in the original Learning Packet Files and on all copies or adaptations. You may not copy the Learning Packet Files onto any public network. 4. General Use. You may install and use a copy of the Learning Packet Files on your school s computer(s) including network server and portable computing devices by adhering to the provisions in numbers five and six below. 5. Server Use. You may install and use a copy of the Learning Packet Files on your Internal computer Network for use on computers within the physical purchasing site. No other network use is permitted, including, but not limited to using the Learning Packet Files either directly or through commands, data or instructions from or to a computer not part of your internal network, for internet or web hosting services or by any user not licensed to use this copy of the Learning Packet Files through a valid license from The Advantage Press. 6. Computer Use. The primary user of the computer on which the Learning Packet Files are stored may also make a second copy for his or her exclusive use on a portable computer provided the Learning Packet Files are not being disseminated onto a computer network outside of the purchasing site. 7. Termination. The Advantage Press, Inc. may terminate your license, upon notice, for failure to comply with any of the above terms. Upon termination, you must immediately destroy the Learning Packet Files, together with all copies, adaptations and merged portions in any form. Physical Education Learning Packets: Volume III 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
5 PHYSICAL EDUCATION PACKET SYSTEM INSTRUCTIONS AND SUGGESTIONS Physical Education Learning Packets provide constructive learning experiences for students who do not, or cannot, meet physical education requirements. This volume contains 11 Learning Packets, ranging from ice hockey to cardio kickboxing. The purpose of these Learning Packets is to acquaint students with particular sports or other physical activities. There should be a sufficient variety among these packets to interest almost any student, whether or not he or she is particularly active in sports. In some cases, you may want to distribute these packets to students who, for physical or health reasons, cannot participate in sports and other strenuous activities, but who would like to know how games are played and scores are kept so that they can feel more a part of these school activities, and be a more informed spectator. Physical Education Learning Packets will give these students the rudiments of each sport or activity. You may also have students who have no apparent interest in physical education, and habitually present a variety of excuses not to participate (such as forgetting to bring their gym shoes or clothes to class, etc.). These packets can be used as a means of discouraging such students from making excuses for not participating. There may also be students who would like to know more about different sports and would welcome an opportunity to read about the history and techniques of a particular sport in addition to being a player. In this case, the packets may be used to provide extra credit for such inspired students. Physical Education Learning Packets also provide instant lesson plans for any substitute teacher. All that is necessary is access to a photocopier. As many copies of a packet as needed can be made. PE teachers can also use Physical Education Learning Packets to introduce a sport or activity to a class. In addition, you may want to use the packets as a unit lesson, and utilize the questions and puzzles for a unit test. Physical Education Learning Packets: Volume III 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
6 Each packet consists of 4 or 5 pages of narrative material for each sport or physical activity, including an introduction, history, description of how the game is played, and individual techniques for playing. After the student has read the narrative, there are 10 questions, a crossword puzzle, and a wordsearch to evaluate student mastery of the materials. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USING THE PACKETS 1. Make extra copies of your Learning Packets. Don t give students the master copies. Save them for making additional copies. 2. Give each student one of the packets for him or her to read. Also give him or her the corresponding questions, crossword puzzle and wordsearch puzzle. Each packet is designed to be a 45-minute lesson. 3. A teacher answer section is provided with each packet for ease of grading. Graded Physical Education Learning Packets can give you an objective assessment tool for arriving at quarter or semester grades. Physical Education Learning Packets: Volume III 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
7 ICE HOCKEY PACKET # 23 INSTRUCTIONS This Learning Packet has two parts: (1) text to read and (2) questions to answer. The text describes a particular sport or physical activity, and relates its history, rules, playing techniques, scoring, notes and news. The Response Forms (questions and puzzles) check your understanding and appreciation of the sport or physical activity. INTRODUCTION Ice hockey is a physically demanding sport that often seems brutal and violent from the spectator s point of view. In fact, ice hockey is often referred to as a combination of blood, sweat and beauty. The game demands athletes who are in top physical condition and can maintain nonstop motion at high speed. HISTORY OF THE GAME Ice hockey originated in Canada in the 19th century. The first formal game was played in Kingston, Ontario in McGill University started playing ice hockey in the 1870s. W. L. Robertson, a student at McGill, wrote the first set of rules for ice hockey. Canada s Governor General, Lord Stanley of Preston, offered a trophy to the winner of the 1893 ice hockey games. This was the origin of the now-famed Stanley Cup. Ice hockey was first played in the U. S. in 1893 at Johns Hopkins and Yale universities, respectively. The Boston Bruins was America s first NHL hockey team. Ice hockey achieved Olympic Games status in Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
8 Through the years, ice hockey has spawned numerous trophies, including the following: NHL TROPHIES AND AWARDS Art Ross Trophy: First awarded in 1947, this award goes to the National Hockey League player who leads the league in scoring points at the end of the regular hockey season. Bill Masterson Trophy: An award given to the player who participates in at least 50 games and best demonstrates the qualities of perseverance, sportsmanship and dedication. Calder Trophy: An annual award given to the player who becomes the most proficient in his/her first year of competition. James Norris Trophy: A $1,500 award which goes to the defense player demonstrating the best all-around ability during the season. Lady Byng Memorial Trophy: First presented in 1925, this award goes to the player who has exhibited a high standard of playing ability along with good sportsmanship and gentlemanly (or presumably, ladylike ) conduct. Lester Patrick Trophy: An award which can be presented to a coach, a referee or a player for outstanding service to hockey in the United States. Stanley Cup: A prestigious annual award given to the team winning the National Hockey League s final playoffs. Vezina Trophy: An award given in honor of Canadian George Vezina to the year s top goaltender. HOW THE GAME IS PLAYED Ice hockey requires players to be in outstanding condition, both mentally and physically. Upper body strength is important in hockey. The player s hands and arms MUST move quickly in order to pass and shoot well. A feel for precision passing is essential for passing while skating fast. Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
9 A well-developed lower body is necessary for ice hockey players. A strong lower back and legs are musts for balance and skating performance. BASIC CONCEPTS The object of ice hockey, simply put, is for one team to score points by hitting the puck into the opposition s goal cage. In order to score, the puck must go across the goal line, a two-inch red line placed between the goalposts. The goals are located at each end of the ice rink. The puck, which is made of black rubber and weighs six ounces, can move up to 100 miles an hour. The hockey stick, which is used to push the puck, is made of wood. For professional-level games, the hockey stick cannot exceed 55 inches in length. The ice rink is divided into three sections: two end zones and a center zone. The zone line, or blue line, is placed 60 feet from each goal across the width of the rink. The red line, or center line, is placed exactly in the middle of the rink, between the two blue lines. The area between the blue lines is called the neutral zone. The ice rink also contains nine face-off circles. The face-off spot is used to restart play after it has been stopped. One player from each team face each other in an attempt to hit the puck to another team member. The largest face-off circle is in the neutral zone and is 30 feet in diameter. ICE HOCKEY RULES The game is divided into three play periods of twenty minutes each. Eighteen to twenty players make up a team, including up to four forward lines, three pairs of defensemen and two goalkeepers ( goalies ). Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
10 Ice hockey is unique among team sports because a player can be replaced at any time during the game. Changing players on the fly can sometimes cause problems, however. A team can end up receiving a penalty if it has too many players on the ice at any time. Two of the most important rules in hockey concern offside and icing. Each of these situations can stop play and cause a face-off. THE POSITIONS Offside can occur in two different ways: (1) if a puck does not precede the player into the attack zone, or the area between the blue line and the opposite team s goal and (2) if a puck crosses over any two lines on the ice as a pass from one player to another. Icing occurs when a team shoots a puck from between the red center line and its own goal all the way to the other team s end of the rink. If the puck passes the other team s red line and is touched by the opposition team, icing the puck is ruled. A face-off then occurs nearest to the goalie of the team that iced the puck. The goalkeeper or goalie has to keep the puck from entering his/her team s goal cage. The goalie has to be a versatile player in order to field every type of shot. Also, he or she must keep an eye on the puck at all times. This can be especially difficult if there is a group of players in front of the goal cage. The most difficult areas to defend are the top and bottom corners. The goalie can block with any part of his/her equipment and may grab the puck with the glove. The goalie is the only player allowed to do so. Goalies wear extra padding and special safety equipment during play. The defensemen are the two players situated on either side of the goalie. They are there to assist him or her. The three forwards start the game by lining up near the center of the rink. They are considered the team s offense. Actually, one of the forwards is called a center while Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
11 the other two are called the left winger and the right winger. The three forwards are responsible for moving into the offensive zone and scoring goals. While concentrating on the offense, they also check and guard the opposition. The two types of checking are back checking (done in the defensive zone) and forechecking (done in the offensive zone). PENALTIES The two-minute minor penalty is one of the most common penalties in ice hockey. It is given for holding, tripping, charging, elbowing, hooking and/or general interference. A player who engages in any one of these types of behavior is pulled off the ice by the referee and is made to sit in the penalty box. A major penalty involves serving up to five minutes in the penalty box. It occurs when a player fights with or injures an opponent. Ten minutes in the penalty box is recommended for players who are combative with the game s officials, especially if they use abusive language. Players are sometimes expelled from the game if they join a fight in progress. The goalie is exempt from serving penalties. If a goalie commits an act punishable by penalty, another team member will serve that penalty instead of the goalie. PLAYING TECHNIQUES AND DEFINITIONS Although ice hockey is a fairly easy game to understand, many of the terms associated with the game may be confusing to the spectator. For example, the term hat trick means that an individual scores three goals in one game. Below are some definitions that will enable anyone, player or non-player, to better appreciate the game of ice hockey: ASSIST A player passes the puck to a teammate, who scores a goal. Only two players can be credited with assists on any single goal. Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
12 ATTACK ZONE CROSS-CHECK FOLLOW-IN FORECHECK FREEZE THE PUCK GOAL CREASE HIGH STICK MATCH PENALTY PENALTY SHOT The area between each team s blue line and the goal line. An opponent is hit with the stick while the other player s hands are on the stick and no part of the stick is on the ice. This move is considered illegal. After a shot has been made, the player should move toward the goal so that he or she is in a position to handle a rebound. An opponent is checked in his or her own defensive zone and is prevented from starting an offensive rush. The puck is hidden from the referee s view when it is pressed against the boards by a player s stick or skates. The four-foot by six-foot area in front of the goal which is marked with red lines. An offensive player without a puck may not stay inside the goal crease; when the player passes the puck, he or she may skate inside the crease. An illegal move that can cost a player a penalty, including $25.00 in fines. High stick means carrying the hockey stick above the shoulders. Any penalty/series of penalties that cause(s) a player to be prohibited from playing for the remainder of the game. A shot awarded to a player who has the puck and is about to shoot but is tripped or fouled from behind. SHORT HANDED A condition that exists when a team must play with one less player because of a penalty. Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
13 SLAP SHOT SLASHING WRIST SHOT A hard stroke in which the stick hits the ice behind the puck and causes the puck to leave the ice. An illegal move in which a player swings the stick at an opponent. A pass which is not as fast as the slap shot but still forces the puck to skim over the ice with great speed. EQUIPMENT AND CLOTHING Basic equipment includes a puck, a stick, a goalcage, sturdy iceskates and a variety of protective gear such as gloves, helmets, face guards, shin guards, and other padding. Some players wear safety goggles, especially if they ordinarily wear glasses. Uniforms include insulated sweatshirt-like or sweater-like upper garments worn under team colors and numbers, insulated undergarments and shorts that fit over insulated pants and legwear. HOCKEY NOTES AND NEWS Ice hockey in the United States and Canada is played under the auspices of the National Hockey League. Each year, the NHL oversees the Stanley Cup Playoffs, which are the backbone of NHL hockey. Like the NFL, the NHL has two conferences, with an elimination process that leads to the Stanley Cup. The Carolina Hurricanes took a page out of the Edmonton Oilers playbook in the last game of the 2006 Finals to win their first Stanley Cup. While they were thoroughly dominated and embarrassed by the more physical Oiler, the Hurricanes turned the tables in Game 7 to beat Edmonton 3-1 in Raleigh, North Carolina.. Defenseman Frantisek Kaberle scored the game-winning goal at 4:18 in the second period as the Hurricanes won the best-of-seven series 4-3. Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
14 Hurricanes goaltender Cam Ward made 22 saves, including a key stop late in the third period and was named the Conn Smythe Trophy winner as the playoff MVP. Edmonton blew a golden opportunity to get back into the game in the second period with Carolina leading 2-0. They bounced back after what was a sub-par game for them in Game 6, Oilers coach Craig MacTavish said. We were a little tight early and it cost us a goal and ultimately it cost us the game. Ice hockey is also an Olympic sport. Sweden won the 2006 Olympic gold medal; erasing a recent history of deflating losses and occasional embarrassment in international hockey. This game was considered among the best hockey games played this season. Nicklas Lidstrom scored the winning goal early in the third period, and the Swedes held off a furious rush in the closing seconds to defeat Finland 3-2 in the gold medal game. It is Sweden s second Olympic title, the first coming in Finland previously won the silver medal in 1988, but has never won gold at the Olympics. On the Women s ice, the Swedes were unable to sustain the magic, as Canada cruised to a 4-1 win in the gold medal game. Goaltender Kim Martin, the hero of Sweden s semifinal win against the U.S., stopped 22 of 26 shots. But her team mates managed only eight shots on the Canadian goaltender. Canada repeats as Olympic champions, and finished the tournament with just two goals allowed in five games. Sweden and the rest of Europe still have a lot of catching up to do. By the next Olympics in 2010, they need to be good enough to make a win against Canada or the U.S. more than just a freak occurence. Keep updated on hockey events on the web at these sites: Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
15 STUDENT RESPONSE PACKET #23 ICE HOCKEY WHAT TO DO NAME DATE The following questions will help you to have a greater appreciation and understanding of ice hockey. Write your answers in the spaces below the questions. If there is not enough room, write on the backs of these sheets. Be neat, spell correctly, and write in complete sentences. 1. What are the physical benefits of playing ice hockey? 2. What are some of the dangers of participating in this sport? 3. What is the object of any ice hockey game? 4. Where are the goals located on an ice rink? Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
16 5. Describe the puck. 6. What are the face-off circles used for? 7. What is the neutral zone and how is it used? 8. How many periods of play make up a game of ice hockey? 9. What two situations can stop play and cause a face-off in ice hockey? 10. Name the positions on a ice hockey team. Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
17 Name: Date: Physical Education 23 Crossword Across: 2. Number of sections in an ice hockey rink 4. This shot causes the puck to leave the ice 5. This penalty prevents a player from finishing the game 6. These players play closest to their own goal 7. The main tool of the hockey player 9. The first US NHL team 10. What happens when the player crosses the blue line before the puck 14. Number of minutes for a major penalty 15. A type of checking 18. Zone between each team s blue line and goal line Down: 1. This check involves the stick 3. This player guards the cage 7. When a player swings a stick at an opponent 8. Passing the puck to a teammate who scores the goal 10. Number of center zones 11. Century in which Canadians invented ice hockey 12. Number of end zones 13. To score, one needs to get this into the goal 16. If one carries the stick above the shoulders the ref might call a sticking penalty 17. Hockey is played on it Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
18 Name: Date: N I S T E N N T E N B I S C C C N E O O P P I H A E A E F G C T N I N C O P R S E E D R N A P E S E K N O A T I H V N E P U C K K T U L S I E A C G A U N A R E S U O K I S S B K G E D K H I A I O F T K C H A C T L I T A I C L N T N R C C H C R N P F C E T S E E R E E T E T N C A I C T O H C C E C E S I A N N A T O T E U C H K A R S E C A O S C C S F K E V H C S S C I O A A G I E I R H S R E N F O T E I E C E F E I E E K C O I O C E W H I U O T S E S F H A H S S W R C T F M K K A A I H S R N E S I C E S C F D K N H U U P S B T E E E L U H I S G N S A N E W F C S C S T C M T S C V E N C K H F A G A T C A E S K N E C I S S I M A T C H E M A E T K I A H I H N S E R K T K E D H S V S H T O U A T E W K N S S T E W O S F O R E C H E C K I N G A O S A P O E G N T E C E K S I T L L H S C E D I F O C T S L E U W O E R S K E E H I S F O O N I N E T E E N T H V R R B R E N L K D O V T E T N F A A C R C N I H N A S T E K C A R O T E S H P C S E C C G E G T S L G C T A D V O U N M H H N S O K S I E W W A E A K O I W I A H E Physical Education 23 Word Search Use the clues below to discover words in the above puzzle. Circle the words. 1. Zone between each team s blue line and goal line 2. This player guards the cage 3. Number of center zones 4. What happens when the player crosses the blue line before the puck 5. A type of checking 6. When a player swings a stick at an opponent 7. The main tool of the hockey player 8. If one carries the stick above the shoulders the ref might call a sticking penalty 9. Century in which Canadians invented ice hockey 10. This shot causes the puck to leave the ice 11. To score, one needs to get this into the goal 12. Passing the puck to a teammate who scores the goal 13. Number of sections in an ice hockey rink 14. These players play closest to their own goal 15. This check involves the stick 16. Number of end zones 17. Number of minutes for a major penalty 18. Hockey is played on it 19. The first US NHL team 20. This penalty prevents a player from finishing the game Physical Education Learning Packets #23 Ice Hockey Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
19 DODGE BALL PACKET # 24 INSTRUCTIONS This Learning Packet has two parts: (1) text to read and (2) questions to answer. The text describes a particular sport or physical activity and relates to its history, rules, playing techniques, scoring, notes and news. The Response Forms (questions and puzzles) check your understanding and appreciation of the sport or physical activity. INTRODUCTION Dodgeball (or dodge ball) is the name of a traditional school game, taught in physical education classes, but also popular in informal settings. It can be played either indoors or outdoors. There are many variations of the game, but all involve some players trying to avoid being hit by a ball, that other players are throwing at them. Players are usually split into teams, though sometimes play individually. A number of medium-sized rubber balls sometimes only one, sometimes many are placed in a central location. The objective of each player is to hit an opponent so as to eliminate him or her from the game. The game ends when one player (or team) remains. In some variations of the game, catching the ball begins a reversal; if the target catches (rather than dodges) the ball, the thrower is eliminated. In other game formats a catch (in addition to eliminating the thrower) also allows another player from the catching team to re-enter. There are several variations of Dodgeball. They include: Dr. Dodgeball, King s Court, King Sting, and Prison Ball. Dr. Dodgeball involves a leader in each team who tries to avoid getting hit. When play- Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
20 ers are hit, they fall on the ground and wait for Dr. Dodgeball to come and save them. When Dr. Dodgeball saves the fallen players, they can get up and play again. The games ends when Dr. Dodgeball is hit. King s Court also involves a leader. If the leader is hit, the game is over. Besides that, the rules are the same as regular dodgeball. Prisonball is played much like dodgeball, but when a player is hit, he gets put in prison behind the opposing team. To get out of prison, he must hit the opposing team from behind. This puts a lot more pressure on the teams as they can be sandwiched between enemies. CONTROVERSY Dodgeball, when it emerged, was said to be a nerd s sport. Since players normally were not part of a team, no player had to endure the teasing that would fall upon a player accused of causing the team to lose. As well, the game was seen as having a lighthearted and self-defeating nature and, therefore, more appealing to non-athletic students. Ironically, dodgeball has come under attack for failing to meet the needs of precisely those students. Opponents of dodgeball have argued that the game provides, for bullies, the excuse to abuse unathletic and unpopular students, by throwing the ball hard enough to cause injury. The aim of King Sting is to throw the ball at others as hard as possible. After a series of publicized dodgeball injuries in the late 1990s and early 2000s, many schools have removed the game from their physical-education classes, and some have even banned the game entirely. On November 18, 2002, the state of New Jersey banned the game from public schools. New York followed suit shortly after. Many other schools, however, have taken a more moderate approach, allowing dodgeball by using soft foam balls instead of harder rubber balls. Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
21 How Dodge Ball is Played First Variation Two teams, each team gets ten players per round Substitutions may be made between rounds only Each team may set their own formations but there must be at least three players within 10 yards of the dividing line Players must never cross the dividing line First team to completely eliminate the opposing team wins that round; first team to win 10 rounds wins the match To eliminate a player you must hit him with a ball or catch a ball he has thrown Once a player is hit he must sit on the sidelines for the remainder of the round If a teammate catches an opposing player s throw he may designate one teammate who is out to return to the game Players who hit someone in the head must sit out the current round and the following round, with no substitution Note: a regulation dodge ball is a rubber ball 8 and 1/2 inches in diameter. Second Variation Divide 16 to 30 students into two teams One team forms a circle; the other team stands inside the circle Players forming the circle throw the ball at the players inside the circle Players inside the circle should run around and dodge the ball, trying to not get hit Hitting someone in the head doesn t count Only players in the outside circle may throw and catch the ball Players who get hit join the outside circle to begin throwing the ball at players in the inside circle The last player in the inside circle is the winner SKILLS & TECHNIQUES Most players throw overhand but don t underestimate the power and control of an underhand throw. This would be the same technique you ve seen in fast pitch softball. Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
22 Practice catching. Remember, bring the ball into your chest. Don t try to catch with just your hands. Have more than one person throw balls at you at the same time during practice. Most players are eliminated because of hesitation. Learn to make your decision quickly, as to whether to dodge or catch. This is crucial. EQUIPMENT & CLOTHING Wear proper attire. Even if your gym doesn t have footware requirements, remember, the act of dodging can be dangerous if you slip. Make sure you have shoes that will provide support and traction. Shirts should allow for proper ventilation. For colder gyms or outdoor games dress in layers. Gloves can provide a good grip for throwing and catching. The official ball used in tournament and league play is an eight inch rubber-coated foam ball. DODGE BALL NEWS & NOTES The Bexley Cup is awarded to any team winning both indoor and outdoor national championships in the same season. The cup is named for the Bexley Reckers, the first to accomplish this feat. The Headshots added their name to the cup in 2005 when they won the Outdoor National Dodgeball Championships. Stay current with information about the sport by visiting these websites: Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
23 STUDENT RESPONSE PACKET #24 DODGE BALL WHAT TO DO NAME DATE The following questions will help you to have a greater appreciation and understanding of dodge ball. Write your answers in the spaces below the questions. If there is not enough room, write on the backs of these sheets. Be neat, spell correctly, and write in complete sentences. 1. Describe how one plays Dr. Dodgeball. 2. Describe how one plays Prisonball. 3. Why is dodgeball so controversial? 4. What have New Jersey and New York done about dodgeball? 5. Describe how a circle is used in the game of dodgeball. Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
24 6. How does catching the ball begin a reversal in some variations of the game? 7. In Prisonball, how does one get out of prison? 8. Why was dodgeball once considered to be a nerd s sport? 9. Why did some states ban the playing of dodgeball in gym classes in the late 1990s? 10. Do you think dodgeball should be permitted in gym classes or banned? Explain your answer. Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
25 Name: Date: Physical Education 24 Crossword Across 4 Dr. Dodge Ball can save these players 5 Players must never cross this line 6 Each team has one in Dr. Dodge Ball 9 In some variations, this begins a reversal 11 One variation is named Ball 13 Substitutions can only be made between these 14 Some say that Dodge Ball gives them an opportunity to pick on others 15 This cup is awarded the team winning both indoor and outdoor championships 18 Teams can be between enemies in Prison Ball 19 One variation is named King s Down 1 Some players wear these for a better grip on the ball 2 If you hit someone here you must sit out the game 3 Players try to avoid being hit by one of these 7 This is what happens when one is hit by the ball 8 Don t try to catch with just these 10 Dodge Ball is in two new states 12 Most players are eliminated because of this 14 In Prison Ball, the hit player must go the opposing team 16 Some schools allow Dodge Ball using this type of ball 17 Dodge Ball was said to be their sport Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
26 Name: Date: B D W J L S E D W Y K B Z Y S D N A H D N U O Q U G V C X N Z Y F W D A E H E F T O L U S K Y C V N A Y C I Q N Q H E O R R I L N D Q C O A P A A Z O Y C L N A E M J T I E N E X X A O P S E I I G P M L U N Q A E L U M O C N I L W M Q R V S Z D R D C T S L O S F R X D I C H N C W A P C V Y E I U A R P E N N N J A Y J E N P B M Q F V S E F B A A G G U C Z V T E L X T J H T H E G S T I I J Z I K Y M X M C G A I C C L H E Z Z J D S Z Z A W Y A B H X W O O B D I U U P M E Y G H P U J U P E U V A D B K G Q N X D I N G J I C V Z R E N I E Y V D N E R D I U M K V W G T S N V Z M M J T L I D E J J M U P L O W E I K E O V K I F T H N D Y F Z L Y B D D Z G A X X R Z E S A C I A R U L U G I N A N J H Z Z S S I O V T H E P A B N B V T I L W R U E L W X B P A E L B G N E R D Q J V H W S K T K N R Z C B Physical Education 24 Word Search Circle the words in the above puzzle. 1. BALL 2. ELIMINATED 3. COURT 4. PRISON 5. LEADER 6. BEHIND 7. SANDWICHED 8. NERD 9. BULLIES 10. ROUNDS 11. DIVIDING 12. HEAD 13. GLOVES 14. HANDS 15. HESITATION 16. BEXLEY 17. CATCHING 18. FALLEN 19. BANNED 20. FOAM Physical Education Learning Packets #24 Dodge Ball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
27 WATER POLO PACKET # 25 INSTRUCTIONS This Learning Packet has two parts: (1) text to read and (2) questions to answer. The text describes a particular sport or physical activity and relates to its history, rules, playing techniques, scoring, notes and news. The Response Forms (questions and puzzles) check your understanding and appreciation of the sport or physical activity. INTRODUCTION Water polo is a rapidly growing sport in the United States and internationally as well. For anyone involved in playing or even being a spectator, it is important to understand the rules of the game. Teams are composed of about 12 players, depending on league rules. Seven players are in the pool at a time, which includes one goalie and six field players. Each field player plays both offense and defense, and the goalie is not allowed on the other half of the pool. There are many different arrangements of players in front of the goal (which may be attached to the pool deck or free floating on lane lines). The location of the players depends on the play that is being run, similar to basketball or hockey. HISTORY OF THE GAME Invented in the late nineteenth century in Great Britain and played in many countries around the world, notably including Hungary, the game involves teams of seven players Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
28 (plus up to five substitutes), with a ball similar in size to a soccer ball but constructed out of waterproof nylon. The object of the game is to throw the ball into the team s goal net at the end of the pool, and prevent the opposition from doing so at the other end of the pool. Men s water polo was the first Olympic team sport in the 1900 games. Women s water polo was only introduced in the Sydney 2000 Olympic Games after political protests from the Australian women s team. Such protests were rewarded when Australia won the gold medal match against the United States with a buzzer-beater last-minute goal. The annual Varsity Match between Oxford and Cambridge Universities is the longest running water polo competition in the world, having run since The most famous water polo match in history is probably the 1956 Summer Olympics semi-final match between Hungary and the Soviet Union. As the athletes left for the games, the 1956 Hungarian revolution happened, and a 200,000 strong Soviet army crushed a small uprising of Hungarian insurgents. Many of the Hungarian athletes vowed never to return home, and felt their only means of fighting back was by victory in the pool. The confrontation was the most bloody and violent water polo game in history, in which the pool reputedly turned red from blood. The Hungarians defeated the Soviets 4-0 before the game was called off in the final minute to prevent angry Hungarians in the crowd reacting to Valentin Prokopov punching Ervin Zador s eye open. The Hungarians continued to win the championship by defeating Yugoslavia 2-1 in the final. Half of the Hungarian Olympic delegation defected after the games. Water polo world championships are held every year together with the world swimming championship, under the auspices of FINA Water Polo World League. Today water polo is gaining popularity in the United States. Though the majority of domestic club teams are based in California it has become more widespread among New England preparatory high schools and Ivy League universities. Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
29 HOW WATER POLO IS PLAYED One important rule is that the ball can only be handled by one hand at a time. If a player holds the ball (which is the size of a volleyball, yellow and with rubber grip) with both hands, the referee calls a turnover and the possession of the ball goes to the opposing team. Also, there are important lines on the pool deck which delineate specific regions in which the rules of play are special. There is a mark two meters out from the goalpoasts on both sides of the pool called the Two Meter Line. Players on offense without possession of the ball are not allowed in the opposing team s two meter line, or a turnover is called. Only a player with the ball is permitted within the two meter line. There is also a Four Meter Line, which is the location from which penalty shots are taken on the goal. A penalty shot is given to a player who is fouled within the four meter line while actively attempting to score. A foul constitutes a hit from the defensive player, swimming over the offensive player s back, or other such shot interference. Clean defense involves positioning the defender s body between the offensive player and the goal and focusing on the ball rather than the individual player. A foul called anywhere in the pool outside the four meter line results in the referee blowing a whistle, and a stoppage of the clock while allowing the offensive player a free pass. Five seconds are given in which to complete this pass, and if the defensive player interferes with this, he/she will be ejected from the game for the standard period of two minutes. A designated corner of the pool is selected as the ejection box and a player may only re-enter the game upon the signaling by the referee that time is up, or else by a goal scored, whichever comes first. One player on each team is designated the goalkeeper, and his primary job is to guard the goal by deflecting or catching any shots at goal. The goalkeeper is the only player who can touch the ball with both hands at the same time, and the only player allowed to stand on the bottom (if the pool is shallow enough to allow this). The clock depends on the rules of play and the level of competition. Usually, men play four 7-minute quarters while women play four 6-minute quarters. There is a running shot clock of 35 seconds for each team which resets only if a shot is taken or there is a change in possession. Teams are usually allowed two time outs per game, although this may vary. In scoring, one point is given for each time the ball is thrown into the goal, and in some Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
30 leagues there is a two-point line several meters out of the goal. Each quarter begins with a sprint in which the fastest members of each team race toward the ball, which is placed at the halfway point on the water by the referee. SKILLS & TECHNIQUES Treading water: The most common form of water treading is referred to in the United States as the egg-beater, named because the movement of the legs resembles the motion of an egg beater or mixer. The advantage of the egg-beater is that it allows the player to maintain a constant horizontal position in the pool (as opposed to the scissor kick, which results in the player bobbing up and down.) Also, by kicking faster for a brief period the player can get high out of the water (as high as their waistline) for a block or catch. EQUIPMENT, FACILITY & CLOTHING Swimming: As water polo is a team water sport, swimming is most commonly a skill which is acquired before playing this sport. It is a key element as it is needed to swim back and forth across the court often. Ball handling skills: As all out-field players are only allowed to touch the ball with one hand at a time, they must develop good ball control. Uniforms consist of swimsuits for both men and women, as well as a cap on the head with plastic ear protectors and the player s number on both sides. Away teams wear lighter color caps, while home wears the darker color. Dimensions of the water polo pool are not fixed and can vary between 20 x 10 and 30 x 20 meters, and are filled with water to a minimum depth of at least 1.8 meters. The goals are three meters wide and one meter high. The ball used is a water polo ball. WATER POLO NEWS & NOTES Sophomore driver Courtney Mathewson hit a 6-on-5 goal with one second remaining on Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
31 the game clock to lift third-seeded UCLA to a 9-8 win over top-seeded Southern California in the title game of the 2006 National Collegiate Women s Water Polo Championships. This is the Bruins fourth water polo title overall There were few secrets left between the USC and Stanford men s water polo teams in their 2005 NCAA Championship match. The game marked the fourth time the pair had squared off in an NCAA final. This time, the secret seemed to be in both teams defense, and the low-scoring affair tilted in USC s favor with a 3-2 Trojan victory that capped off USC s season with their third NCAA title and the lowest scoring championship game in NCAA history. Hungary won an eighth Olympic water polo gold medal, scoring three unanswered goals in the last quarter to edge Serbia-Montenegro 8-7 in the 2004 final. Melania Grego scored twice in overtime as Italy edged Greece 10-9 for the Olympic women s water polo gold medal. The championship match was locked 7-7 at the end of regulation, after Martina Miceli scored with 4:14 remaining to pull the Italians even. Stay current with information about the sport by visiting these websites: Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
32 STUDENT RESPONSE PACKET #25 WATER POLO WHAT TO DO NAME DATE The following questions will help you to have a greater appreciation and understanding of water polo. Write your answers in the spaces below the questions. If there is not enough room, write on the backs of these sheets. Be neat, spell correctly, and write in complete sentences. 1. Describe the typical composition of a water polo team. 2. Where was water polo invented? When was it first played in the Olympics? 3. What is the longest running water polo match in the world? 4. Describe the most famous water polo match in history. 5. Describe three important water polo skills. Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
33 6. Describe where the various water polo position players may move in the water. 7. What happened with most of the Hungarian Olympic delegation after the 1956 Olympics? Why? 8. Name one important rule in water polo. 9. What player is permitted inside the two meter line? 10. In some games, one can get two points for a goal. How does this happen? Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
34 Name: Date: Physical Education 25 Crossword Across 2 The number of players in the water for one team 5 This university is involved in the longest running water polo competition 7 The egg beater is called water 9 The box is in one corner of the pool 10 The water polo ball is about the same size as the ball used in this sport 11 Women play four minute quarters 13 The state in the US with most of the water polo club teams 14 The ball can be handled by only one at a time 15 These shots are taken from the four meter line 17 This player is not allowed to roam around the whole pool Down 1 If you use this type of kick you will bob up and down 2 Women s water polo was introduced in the Olympics held here 3 You must have of the ball to cross the two meter line 4 The women s team from this country won Gold in The goal keeper is the only player permitted to stand on it 8 Half of the Hungarian Olympic delegation did this after the 1956 games 10 Ability to do this well is important in water polo 12 You can tell what team a person is on by the color of this 14 This country was involved in the most famous water polo match 16 One of them watches for fouls Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
35 Name: Date: H B M Y I T P S V P A H I M R E C C O S A U B Y X A K B F B F S T Y E N D Y S B W A T E R X T R N E V T C Z F L I P O K Q A P T F L S M L O O Z N E M O W T U O Q L N O Z H W H Q S K N D W P X T L L S T U R O X X O Z M X D W W M Q O E Y W N D R A D I C K W U S S S T U M E R I O T Z G E R E S H B W C K D M X R A M I D L I Q P A T T S L W B M W M E G M T C S J U C S Y D E C E P I P A F N I C A T L L R F V R T I R E S V K E U N E L A G R X K C B B O L N S F S R H G J I U S J B T Q K W Z E S A G H E O H E F S T F P X T T Q B W J I S N Y K D P O T Y F T T M H L A G H Y V D I E A L R R E T W M W G I T W R L O R S T S P N A K J I D C P E D W J B G O D K O M I L B G Y O L V A B B V D E F R W S E A I L T L Q N P A H D E P Z X K L B E W A R Q Y W X U T Y O G G X O H A N D B J C R B W K Z C P L P G W Physical Education 25 Word Search Circle the words in the above puzzle. 1. AUSTRALIA 2. BOTTOM 3. CALIFORNIA 4. DEFECTED 5. EJECTION 6. GOALIE 7. HAND 8. HUNGARY 9. OXFORD 10. PENALTY 11. POSSESSION 12. QUARTERS 13. REFEREE 14. SISSORS 15. SOCCER 16. SWIMMING 17. SYDNEY 18. TREADING 19. WATER 20. WOMEN Physical Education Learning Packets #25 Water Polo Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
36 TEAM HANDBALL PACKET # 26 INSTRUCTIONS This Learning Packet has two parts: (1) text to read and (2) questions to answer. The text describes a particular sport or physical activity and relates to its history, rules, playing techniques, scoring, notes and news. The Response Forms (questions and puzzles) check your understanding and appreciation of the sport or physical activity. INTRODUCTION Team handball is played by two teams of seven players each (1 goalkeeper and 6 court players). The object of the game is to throw the ball past a goalkeeper into the opponent s goal. HISTORY OF THE GAME Team handball is very popular in much of the world, but little known in North America. even the name is confusing even to a North American who knows quite a bit about sports. The modern game actually grew out of three sports that were developed, independently, in three different European countries: The Czech Hazena, the Danish Handbold, and the German Torball. All three were based on soccer, but essentially replaced the foot with the hand, so that the ball could be advanced by batting or throwing, rather than by kicking. Hazena was being played by Slovaks as early as 1892; its rules were first set down in 1906, by a college professor. Handbold (the Danish word for handball) was developed in 1898 by a teacher, Holger Nielsen, as an alternative to soccer. In 1906, Nielsen revised the rules considerably and began organizing competitions outside the Physical Education Learning Packets #26 Team Handball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
37 school at which he taught. Similarly, Torball was created in 1915 by a German gymnastics teacher, Max Heiden. Professor Carl Schelenz of the Berlin Physical Education School in 1919 combined elements of handbold and Torball and adapted the soccer playing field for a new sport which he called handball (actually translating the Danish into German). Schelenz also borrowed from basketball, which was just becoming popular in Germany, to allow dribbling as a means of advancing the ball. By 1925, the game had become fairly popular in other European countries. The International Amateur Handball Federation (IAHF) was established in 1928; handball was a demonstration sport at the Olympics that year and again in Team handball, designed to be played outdoors by teams of eleven players, was a fullfledged Olympic sport at the 1936 Munich Games. The United States finished sixth and last in the competition. Meanwhile, a different, indoor version of handball was being developed in the Scandinavian countries. Based largely on Danish Handbold, this version had only seven on a side and was played in a considerably smaller area. The IAHF held the first seven-a-side world championships in After World War II, the seven-player game gradually took over from the eleven-player version in Europe and also spread to other continents. World championship play, which had been ended by the war, began again in 1954 and handball was restored to the Olympic program in Competition for women s teams began in When handball was introduced to the United States, around 1930, the name was already being used for the court game that was very popular in YMCAs across the country, so the new import was called field handball, eventually shortened to fieldball, and it was at first played primarily by girls and women. The seven-player version, however, became known as team handball in the United States. Physical Education Learning Packets #26 Team Handball Text 2006 The Advantage Press, Inc.
TEAM HANDBALL PACKET # 26 INSTRUCTIONS This Learning Packet has two parts: (1) text to read and (2) questions to answer. The text describes a particular sport or physical activity and relates to its history,
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Soccer is the world's most popular sport. It is the national sport of most European and Latin American countries, and of many other nations. Millions of people in more than 200 countries play soccer. Soccer's
FLAG FOOTBALL History Flag football evolved as an outgrowth of tackle football that was first played in the United States around the middle of the nineteenth century. Since that time football has become
SOCCER FIRST INDOOR RULES AND REGULATIONS EACH COACH IS RESPONSIBLE FOR HIS/HER TEAM S FULL KNOWLEDGE OF SOCCER FIRST RULES Teams/Rosters All players must complete a Soccer First waiver/liability release.
2013 RULE COMPARISON TABLE Side-by-side comparison of the Rules of Hockey and NCAA & NFHS modifications This comparison chart is meant to serve as a helpful reference for umpires officiating competitions
LEAGUE RULES 1. Time of Games --- Time of games will be 8:45 10:15 and possibly 12:00 there will be a 15 minute grace period for only the first games played. Any team not on the field by 9:00 will automatically
Football Football is an outdoor game played between two teams with a ball on a pitch with goals at each end. Football is one of the most popular and simple games in the world. The game began in England
Minkey Field Hockey Manual PROLOGUE Why start with MINKEY? Why not play Field Hockey from the beginning? MINKEY is much too simple! These are questions and statements that people will occasionally present.
Welcome to Subbuteo Dream Team Stadium: the classic game of tabletop football, now with an all-star, international line-up. You are the player-manager of an elite dream team, made up of the most talented
USA TEAM HANDBALL COACHES MANUAL INTRODUCTION TO TEAM HANDBALL This document introduces new coaches to the basic rules and practice drills of Team Handball. This will allow you to teach the game to kids
Southwest Ball Hockey Regulations and Rules Rules Committee Chairperson Approval: Date: Board Liason Approval: Date: REVISED AND BOARD APPROVED 1-OCT-15 1. No alcoholic beverages are allowed on or around