and the Common European Framework of Reference

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1 New and the Common European Framework of Reference Intermediate, third edition Upper-Intermediate Advanced Georgia Smith 2

2 Contents Introduction p3 New Headway Intermediate, third edition New Headway Upper-Intermediate p20 New Headway Advanced p33 p7 2

3 Introduction What is this booklet for? The aim of this booklet is to give a clear and simple introduction to the Common European Framework of Reference, and to show how it works with New Headway. This document is not a summary of the Common European Framework of Reference (CEF), which is an extremely comprehensive and detailed document of over 250 pages. This introduction highlights points of particular interest, and if detailed information is required, teachers are advised to consult the original document. The main body of this document maps each Student s Book unit of New Headway Intermediate, Upper-Intermediate and Advanced and refers to the competences detailed in the CEF. Why do we need a Common European Framework? The Council of Europe, an organization that includes nearly 50 European countries, began to develop the Common European Framework in One of the main purposes of the Council of Europe is to promote a shared European identity, while recognizing the importance of different cultures. The promotion of language teaching and learning play a central role in this mission. People within Europe, and indeed throughout the world, need to be able to understand each other. The Council of Europe therefore wishes to encourage people to learn languages and develop their ability to communicate with people from other countries and cultures. What is the CEF? What are its aims? The CEF is a carefully developed descriptive framework. It has often closely linked educational and social aims including: to encourage the development of language skills, so that people can work together more effectively. to encourage the development of inter-cultural awareness and plurilingualism. to examine and define what we can do with a language. to help us compare the language levels of individuals in an accurate and impartial way, across different countries, educational systems, ages, and cultures. to encourage learner autonomy and lifelong learning. to promote a coherent approach to language teaching not by imposing a system of its own, but by encouraging the sharing of ideas. What are the CEF levels? There are six global levels in the CEF what these levels reflect is shown in the table on the following pages. Behind these levels are a very large number of competences which make up a person s language ability these are defined by descriptors. The CEF says that teachers shouldn t feel that they have to use these levels in their teaching situations. They are intended to be common reference points. It is also important to remember that these levels are purely descriptive, and that they don t necessarily correspond to a year of study, or to 100 hours of study, for example. Everyone has different aims and learns at different speeds, in different environments, and in different ways. The CEF is careful to point out that the levels are not linear that is, the time needed to move from A1 to A2 may not be the same as that needed to move from B1 to B2,or C1 to C2, and progress from level to level may slow down as a person moves up the levels. The CEF recommends extreme caution in trying to calculate or predict how long it will take to move from one CEF level to the next. How do the CEF levels correspond to New Headway? New Headway Beginner takes the student through A1, providing absolute beginners with a solid foundation for learning. New Headway Elementary briefly revises A1, and then takes the student through A2. A2 corresponds to the Cambridge KET examination. If students have successfully completed New Headway Elementary, they would be prepared to sit the KET exam. New Headway Pre-Intermediate briefly revises A2 before covering approximately half of the competences required for B1. New Headway Intermediate, third edition covers the second half of the competences required for B1, and introduces some of the competences of B2. Students who have successfully completed New Headway Intermediate are typically ready to sit the Cambridge PET examination. New Headway Upper-Intermediate covers the remaining competences of B2. Students who have successfully completed this level are typically ready to sit the Cambridge FCE Examination. New Headway Advanced covers the competences at level C1. Students at this level are typically working towards sitting the Cambridge CAE examination. Oxford University Press Introduction 3

4 Please refer to the table available on the Headway website to see how the full range of New Headway levels corresponds to the CEF and also to the Cambridge ESOL suite of examinations. Is New Headway compatible with the CEF? Yes, definitely. The CEF focuses on using language in real, communicative contexts, and so does New Headway. The CEF encourages the development of the ability to do things in a foreign language, not just to know about that language, and this is an aim we all share though students also need to know about a language in order to function successfully in that language. As the CEF says, a language learner has to acquire both form and meaning. For example, an A1 descriptor might be can understand simple directions. In order to do this, students need to know lexical items (left, right, straight on, first, second, third), grammatical elements such as imperatives (take the, turn ), fixed phrases (you can t miss it), and probably be able to ask for repetition. New Headway teaches the language and skills that students will need in order to develop their range of communicative competences. Here are some examples of how New Headway fits with the aims of the CEF: The Grammar, Vocabulary, and Everyday English syllabus gives students the linguistic competences they need to be able to communicate successfully. Regular receptive and productive work on the four skills every Student s Book unit has listening, reading, and writing practice emphasizes what student s do with English. The Everyday English feature in each unit focuses on language which is likely to be encountered by students in real-life situations, highlighting language use for practical, concrete purposes. The Workbook, Teacher s Resource Book, CD-Rom, teacher s website and student s website all offer extra practice and learning resources. The Teacher s Book gives you all the support you need, including extra photocopiable material, a word list, and ideas to help you respond to your students needs. The CEF emphasizes that teachers and materials writers will continue to need to make their own decisions about the precise linguistic content of their courses and that is what we have done in New Headway. We hope that the decisions we have made in writing the course help you and your students as much as they can. You can find information about the Council of Europe and its aims by visiting its website: On this site there are hyperlinked pdfs of the CEF document in various European languages. 4 Introduction Oxford University Press

5 Common European Framework of Reference Level Overview proficient C2 Mastery This level is not supposed to equal native speaker mastery though a student at this level would be a very successful learner who can use a language with real precision and fluency. C1 Effective At this level students command a wide range of language. Operational Proficiency independent B2 Vantage This level is where language use begins to become more abstract, for example giving and justifying opinions, summarizing a short story or plot, or giving detailed instructions. B1 Threshold At this level students can maintain a conversation and express ideas. They can also begin to deal with problems and situations where they meet unpredictable language. basic A2 Waystage This level has lots of descriptors for social functions, for example, greeting people, asking about work and free time, and making invitations. A1 Breakthrough This is the lowest level of generative language use students can interact in a simple way and ask and answer simple questions. The CEF recognizes a level of ability below A1, which includes descriptors such as can say yes, no, please, thank you, can use some basic greetings, can fill in uncomplicated forms. The CEF also recognizes that there can be levels between these six global levels, such as A2+, B1+ and B2+. For a breakdown of the six global levels above, see chapter 3 of the CEF document. For detailed scales for each area of competence, see chapter 4 of the CEF document. Oxford University Press Introduction 5

6 New Headway and the Common European Framework The Common European Framework New Headway English Course CEF LEVELS EXAM TARGETS Beginner Elementary Pre-Intermediate Intermediate Upper-Intermediate Advanced PROFICIENT USER working within C2 working within C1 working towards CPE working towards CAE INDEPENDENT USER working within B2 working within B1 working towards FCE working towards PET BASIC USER working within A2 working within A1 working towards KET CEF LEVELS EXAM TARGETS Beginner Elementary Pre-Intermediate Intermediate Upper-Intermediate Advanced 6 Introduction Oxford University Press

7 1 It s a wonderful world! Tenses Auxiliary verbs Short answers What s in a word? Social expressions Level: B1 Conversation Can maintain a conversation or discussion but 10 Reading and speaking 4 may sometimes be difficult to follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to. Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 6 Test your grammar 1 3 frequently used routines and patterns 7 What do you know? 2 associated with more predictable situations. 7 Practice 1, 2 Informal discussion (with friends) Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. 12 Listening and speaking 2 4 Orthographic control Phonological control Sociolinguistic appropriateness Turn-taking Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Spelling, punctuation and layout are accurate enough to be followed most of the time. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can perform and respond to a wide range of language functions, using their most common exponents in a neutral register. Can initiate, maintain and close simple face-toface conversation on topics that are familiar or of personal interest. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. NEW HEADWAY INTERMEDIATE, THIRD EDITION 12, 13 Vocabulary 3, What do you know? 1 Reading and speaking 1 3 Practice 3 Vocabulary 2 13 Everyday English Making conversation 1 5 Practice Listening and speaking 1 12, 13 Vocabulary 1, 5, 6 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 7

8 2 Get happy! Present tenses Simple or continuous? Passive Sport Numbers and dates Level: B1 Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 14 Test your grammar frequently used routines and patterns 15 What makes people happy? 4 associated with more predictable situations. 17 What do you do? Practice 1, 2 19 Reading and speaking 7 Information exchange Can exchange, check and confirm accumulated factual information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his/her field with some confidence What makes people happy? 5 Vocabulary and listening 5 Overall listening comprehension Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent Practice 1 3 Vocabulary and listening 4 Everyday English 3 Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension , 19 What makes people happy? 1 3 Reading and speaking 1 6 Phonological control Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. 21 Everyday English 1, 2 Sustained monologue: Describing experience Can describe events, real or imagined. 21 Everyday English 4 Vocabulary control Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and interests, work, travel, and current events. 20 Vocabulary and listening 2 20 Vocabulary and listening 1, 3 8 New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

9 3 Telling tales Past tenses Passive Art and literature Giving opinions Level: B1 Conversation Can express and respond to feelings such as 24, 25 Practice 4 7 surprise, happiness, sadness, interest and indifference. 28 Listening and writing 1,2 Creative writing Can write accounts of experiences, describing 28 Listening and writing 4, 5 feelings and reactions in simple connected text. Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 22 Test your grammar frequently used routines and patterns 22 A native American folk tale 1, 2 associated with more predictable situations. 25 Practice 8 Informal discussion (with friends) Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. 29 Everyday English 1 3 Information exchange Phonological control Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Can exchange, check and confirm accumulated factual information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his/her field with some confidence. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. 24 Practice Reading and speaking A native American folk tale 3 28 Listening and writing 3 25 Vocabulary 1 3 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 9

10 4 Doing the right thing Modal verbs 1 obligation and permission Nationality words Requests and offers Level: B1 Goal-oriented co-operation Can make his/her opinions and reactions 32, 33 Planning a trip 2 4 understood as regards possible solutions or the question of what to do next, giving brief reasons and explanations. 33 Practice 1 Interviewing and being interviewed Overall listening comprehension Sociolinguistic appropriateness Sustained monologue: Describing experience Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used routines and patterns associated with more predictable situations. Can use a prepared questionnaire to carry out a structured interview, with some spontaneous follow up questions. Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Can perform and respond to a wide range of language functions, using their most common exponents in a neutral register. Can give straightforward descriptions on a variety of familiar subjects within his/her field of interest. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations Test your grammar Teenagers and parents 2 Practice 1 3, 5 33 Practice 3, 4 36 Listening and speaking Reading and speaking Everyday English Practice 4 Listening and speaking 4 Teenagers and parents 1 Planning a trip 1 36 Vocabulary 1, 2 10 New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

11 5 On the move Future forms The weather Travelling around Level: B1 Informal discussion (with friends) Can make his/her opinions and reactions understood as regards solutions to problems or practical questions of where to go, what to do, how to organise an event (e.g. an outing). 41 Practice 7, 8 Overall oral production Transactions to obtain goods and services Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used routines and patterns associated with more predictable situations. Can reasonably fluently sustain a straightforward description of one of a variety of subjects within his/her field of interest, presenting it as a linear sequence of points. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Can deal with most situations likely to arise when making travel arrangements through an agent or when actually travelling, e.g. asking passenger where to get off for an unfamiliar destination. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. 38 Test your grammar 1,2 38, 39 Ben s list Practice Listening and vocabulary 2, 4 42 Reading and speaking Everyday English 1, 2 41 Practice 6 44 Listening and vocabulary 1, 2 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 11

12 6 I just love it! like Verb patterns Describing food, towns, and people Signs and sounds Level: B1 Conversation Can maintain a conversation or discussion but 47 Practice 1 may sometimes be difficult to follow when trying to say exactly what he/she would like to. Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 46 Test your grammar 1, 2 frequently used routines and patterns 46 A student visitor 1, 2 associated with more predictable situations. 48 A thank you letter 49 Practice 1 4 Information exchange Can find out and pass on straightforward 50 Reading and speaking 5 factual information. 52 Vocabulary 3 Listening to announcements and instructions Can understand simple technical information, such as operating instructions for everyday equipment. 53 Everyday English 2 Reading for orientation Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Can find and understand relevant information in everyday material, such as letters, brochures and short official documents. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and interests, work, travel, and current events. 50 Reading and speaking 3, 4 53 Everyday English 1 47 Practice 2 52 Vocabulary 1, 2 50 Reading and speaking 1, 2 12 New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

13 7 The world of work Present Perfect active and passive Phrasal verbs On the phone Level: B1 Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 54 Test your grammar 1 3 frequently used routines and patterns 55 The job interview 3, 4 associated with more predictable situations. 56 Practice , 57 It s in the news 1, 2 57 Practice Listening and speaking 3 Information exchange Can obtain more detailed information. 58 Reading and speaking 1 Overall listening comprehension Reading for orientation Sociolinguistic appropriateness Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Can find specific, predictable information in simple everyday material such as advertisements, prospectuses, menus, reference lists and timetables. Can perform and respond to a wide range of language functions, using their most common exponents in a neutral register. Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. 55 The job interview 2 58 Reading and speaking The job interview 1 61 Everyday English 1, 2 61 Listening and speaking 1, 2, 4 60 Vocabulary 1 3 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 13

14 8 Just imagine! Conditionals Time clauses Base and strong adjectives Making suggestions Level: B1 Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 62 Test your grammar 1, 2 frequently used routines and patterns 62, 63 A place in the sun 1 3 associated with more predictable situations. 63 Practice 1, 2 64 Winning the lottery 1, 2 65 Practice 1 5 Informal discussion (with friends) Overall listening comprehension Reading for information and argument Sociolinguistic appropriateness Vocabulary control Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest. Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. Can recognise significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on familiar subjects. Can perform and respond to a wide range of language functions, using their most common exponents in a neutral register. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. 68 Listening Reading and speaking 1 Listening 2 66 Reading and speaking Everyday English 1, 2 68 Vocabulary and speaking New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

15 9 Relationships Modal verbs 2 probability Character adjectives So do I! Neither do I! Level: B1 Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of 70 Test your grammar 1, 2 frequently used routines and patterns 71 Practice 1 associated with more predictable situations. 73 Practice 1, 2 75 Reading and speaking 4 Informal discussion (with friends) Can give or seek personal views and opinions in discussing topics of interest Practice 3 A holiday with friends 3 Reading and speaking 1 Vocabulary and speaking 2 Information exchange Can obtain more detailed information. 77 Listening and speaking 1 Overall spoken interaction Can enter unprepared into conversation on 77 Everyday English 3, 4 familiar topics, express personal opinions and exchange information on topics that are familiar, of personal interest or pertinent to everyday life (e.g. family, hobbies, work, travel and current events). Reading for information and Can recognise significant points in 70, 71 I need help! 1 5 argument straightforward newspaper articles on familiar 74 Reading and speaking 2 4 subjects. 76 Vocabulary and speaking 1 Sustained monologue: Describing experience Can give straightforward descriptions on a variety of familiar subjects within his/her field of interest. 76 Vocabulary and speaking 6 Understanding conversation between native speakers Can generally follow the main points of extended discussion around him/her, provided speech is clearly articulated in standard dialect , Practice 2 A holiday with friends 1 4 Listening and speaking 2 Everyday English 1, 2 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 15

16 10 Obsessions Present Perfect continuous Time expressions Compound nouns Quantity Level: B1 General linguistic range Has enough language to get by, with sufficient 82 Reading and speaking 1 vocabulary to express him/herself with some hesitation and circumlocutions on topics such as family, hobbies and interests, work, travel, and current events, but lexical limitations cause repetition and even difficulty with formulation at times. 84 Listening and speaking 1 Information exchange Overall listening comprehension Reading for information and argument Vocabulary control Uses reasonably accurately a repertoire of frequently used routines and patterns associated with more predictable situations. Can exchange, check and confirm accumulated factual information on familiar routine and non-routine matters within his/her field with some confidence. Can understand straightforward factual information about common everyday or job related topics, identifying both general messages and specific details, provided speech is clearly articulated in a generally familiar accent. Can read straightforward factual texts on subjects related to his/her field and interest with a satisfactory level of comprehension. Can recognise significant points in straightforward newspaper articles on familiar subjects. Shows good control of elementary vocabulary but major errors still occur when expressing more complex thoughts or handling unfamiliar topics and situations. Has a sufficient vocabulary to express him/herself with some circumlocutions on most topics pertinent to his/her everyday life such as family, hobbies and interests, work, travel, and current events. 78 Test your grammar 1, 2 79 Tony s phone bill 2 79 Practice A lifelong passion 3 81 Practice 1, Reading and speaking 5 81 Practice 2, 6 84 Listening and speaking A lifelong passion 1, Tony s phone bill 1 Reading and speaking Everyday English 1, Reading and speaking 6 Vocabulary New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

17 11 Tell me about it! Indirect questions Question tags The body Informal English Level: B2 Asking for clarification Can ask follow-up questions to check that he/she has understood what a speaker intended to say, and get clarification of ambiguous points We like animals, don t we? 1 3 Practice 2, 4 Creative writing Can write clear, detailed descriptions on a variety of subjects related to his/her field of interest. 90 Reading and speaking 7, 8 Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding , Test your grammar 1, 2 A stranger in town 1 4 Practice 1 4 Identifying cues and inferring (Spoken & Written) Informal discussion (with friends) Can use a variety of strategies to achieve comprehension, including listening for main points; checking comprehension by using contextual clues. Can take an active part in informal discussion in familiar contexts, commenting, putting point of view clearly, evaluating alternative proposals and making and responding to hypotheses. 90 Reading and speaking 5, Reading and speaking 1, 2 Listening and speaking 2 Information exchange Can pass on detailed information reliably. 87 Practice 5 Listening to audio media and recordings Phonological control Reading for information and argument Sociolinguistic appropriateness Can understand most radio documentaries and most other recorded or broadcast audio material delivered in standard dialect and can identify the speaker s mood, tone etc. Has acquired a clear, natural, pronunciation and intonation. Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints. Can with some effort keep up with and contribute to group discussions even when speech is fast and colloquial. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 92 Listening and speaking 1, 3, 4 89 Practice 1, 3 90 Reading and speaking 3, 4 93 Everyday English 1, 2 93 Vocabulary and idioms 1 4 Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 17

18 12 Life s great events! Reported speech Reporting verbs Birth, marriage, and death Saying sorry Level: B2 Creative writing Information exchange Overall listening comprehension Can write clear, detailed descriptions of real or imaginary events and experiences, marking the relationship between ideas in clear connected text, and following established conventions of the genre concerned. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding. Can synthesize and report information and arguments from a number of sources. Can understand the main ideas of propositionally and linguistically complex speech on both concrete and abstract topics delivered in a standard dialect, including technical discussions in his/her field of specialization. 98 Vocabulary and speaking 2 94 Test your grammar 1, 2 94 The wedding 1, 2 95 Practice Go to prison! 2 97 Practice 1, 2 97 Practice Listening and speaking 2, 3 Reading and speaking 2 Listening and speaking 1, 2 Reading for information and argument Reports and essays Sociolinguistic appropriateness Sustained monologue: Describing experience Understanding conversation between native speakers Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints. Can synthesize information and arguments from a number of sources. Can express him or herself confidently, clearly and politely in a formal or informal register, appropriate to the situation and person(s) concerned. Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest. Can with some effort catch much of what is said around him/her, but may find it difficult to participate effectively in discussion with several native speakers who do not modify their language in any way. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution Go to prison! 1 Reading and speaking 1, 3 97 Practice Everyday English 1, Vocabulary and speaking 3 Listening and speaking 1 Reading and speaking 4 97 Practice 3 98 Vocabulary and speaking 1 18 New Headway Intermediate, third edition PHOTOCOPIABLE Oxford University Press

19 Level: B1 Writing Coherence and cohesion Correspondence Creative writing Overall written interaction Reports and essays Can link a series of shorter, discrete simple elements into a connected, linear sequence of points. Can write personal letters describing experiences, feelings and events in some detail. Can write accounts of experiences, describing feelings and reactions in simple connected text. Can write personal letters and notes asking for or conveying simple information of immediate relevance, getting across the point he/she feels to be important. Can write very brief reports to a standard conventionalized format, which pass on routine factual information and state reasons for actions. 118 Unit 11 Words that join ideas , , , , Unit 1 Correcting mistakes (1) Unit 2 Letters and s Unit 12 Correcting mistakes (2) Unit 3 A narrative (1) Unit 6 A description (1) Unit 8 A narrative (2) Unit 9 A description (2) Unit 10 Writing a biography Unit 5 Making a reservation Unit 7 A letter of application 108 Unit 4 For and against Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE New Headway Intermediate, third edition 19

20 1 No place like home The tense system Informal language Compound words Social expressions Level: B2 NEW HEADWAY UPPER-INTERMEDIATE Conversation Can engage in extended conversation on most general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, even in a noisy environment Practice 5 Reading and speaking 1, 5 What do you think? Listening and speaking 5 General linguistic range Can express him/herself clearly and without much sign of having to restrict what he/she wants to say. 15 Everyday English 1, 3 Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding Test your grammar 1, 2 Writing home 2 Language focus 1 Practice 1 4 Overall listening comprehension Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand Writing home 5 Practice 4 Listening and speaking 3, 4 Phonological control Reading correspondence Sustained monologue: Describing experience Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can read correspondence relating to his/her field of interest and readily grasp the essential meaning. Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest. Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers. Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur, without hindering communication Practice 6 Reading and speaking Vocabulary and pronunciation 4 Everyday English 2 5 6, 7 Writing home 1, 4 14 Listening and speaking 1, 2 8, 9 13 Practice 2, 6 Vocabulary and pronunciation 2, 3 13 Vocabulary and pronunciation 1, 5 Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution Language focus 2, 3 Reading and speaking 1 Language work 20 New Headway Upper-Intermediate Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE

21 2 Been there, done that! Present perfect Simple and continuous Hot verbs make, do Exclamations Level: B2 Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical 16 Test your grammar 1, 2 control. Does not make mistakes which lead to 17 Language focus 1, 2 misunderstanding. 17, 18 Practice 1 4 Informal discussion Can express his/her ideas and opinions with 21 What do you think 1,2 (with friends) precision, and present and respond to complex lines of argument convincingly. 22 Speaking and Listening 1 3 Information exchange Interviewing and being interviewed Overall listening comprehension Sociolinguistic appropriateness Sustained monologue: Describing experience Vocabulary control Can understand and exchange complex information and advice on the full range of matters related to his/her occupational role. Can carry out an effective, fluent interview, departing spontaneously from prepared questions, following up and probing interesting replies. Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Can express him or herself confidently, clearly and politely in a formal or informal register, appropriate to the situation and person(s) concerned. Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest. Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur without hindering communication. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 19 Practice 5 19 Practice 6 16, , Explorers and travellers 2, 3 Speaking and Listening 4 Listening and speaking 3 6 Explorers and travellers 1 3 Reading and speaking Everyday English Reading and speaking 1 3 Listening and speaking 1, 2 23 Vocabulary Vocabulary work 1, 2 Oxford University Press New Headway Upper-Intermediate PHOTOCOPIABLE 21

22 3 What a story! Narrative tenses Giving news and responding Books and films Showing interest Level: B2 Co-operating Conversation Informal discussion (with friends) Listening to audio media and recordings Overall oral production Phonological control Reading for orientation Understanding conversation between native speakers Can give feedback on and follow up statements and inferences and so help the development of the discussion. Can engage in extended conversation on most general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, even in a noisy environment. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding. Can express his/her ideas and opinions with precision, and present and respond to complex lines of argument convincingly. Can understand most radio documentaries and most other recorded or broadcast audio material delivered in standard dialect and can identify the speaker s mood, tone etc. Can give clear, detailed descriptions and presentations on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest, expanding and supporting ideas with subsidiary points and relevant examples. Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can quickly identify the content and relevance of news items, articles and reports on a wide range of professional topics, deciding whether closer study is worthwhile Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers. 33 Everyday English Vocabulary and speaking 1, 2, , Test your grammar 1 Language focus 1, 2 Practice 1, 2 What do you think 1, 2 What do you think Practice 3, 4 Listening and speaking 2, 3 32 Listening and speaking , Vocabulary and speaking 5 Reading and speaking 1 4 What s in the news? 5 Everyday English What s in the news? 1, 2, What s in the news? 3 Vocabulary and speaking 3 Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 30 Language work 1 22 New Headway Upper-Intermediate Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE

23 4 Nothing but the truth Questions and negatives Prefixes and antonyms Being polite Level: B2 Conversation Creative writing Informal discussion (with friends) Overall listening comprehension Overall spoken interaction Phonological control Sociolinguistic appropriateness Vocabulary control Can engage in extended conversation on most general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, even in a noisy environment. Can write clear, detailed descriptions on a variety of subjects related to his/her field of interest. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding. Can express his/her ideas and opinions with precision, and present and respond to complex lines of argument convincingly. Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction, and sustained relationships with native speakers quite possible without imposing strain on either party. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can express him or herself appropriately in situations and avoid crass errors of formulation. Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur without hindering communication. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 38 Reading and speaking 1, 2 36 Practice , Test your grammar 1,2 Language focus 1, 2 Practice 1, 2, 5 8 Telling lies 1, 2 Listening and speaking 1, 4 Reading and speaking 4 Telling lies 3 Practice 5, 9, 10 Listening and speaking 2, 3 Telling lies 4 Reading and speaking 3, 4 36 Practice Practice 5 7 Everyday English Everyday English 1 3, 5 42 Vocabulary Listening and speaking 4 Oxford University Press New Headway Upper-Intermediate PHOTOCOPIABLE 23

24 5 An eye to the future Future forms Hot verbs take, put Telephoning Level: B2 Conversation Can engage in extended conversation on most 48, 49 Reading and speaking 1, 2, 6 general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, even in a noisy environment. Flexibility Can adjust what he/she says and the means of 53 Everyday English 1 5 expressing it to the situation and the recipient and adopt a level of formality appropriate to the circumstances Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical 44 Test your grammar 1,2 control. Does not make mistakes which lead to 45 How do you see your future? 3 misunderstanding. 46, 47 Practice 1 6 Information exchange Can synthesise and report information and arguments from a number of sources. 52 Listening and speaking 2 4 Overall listening comprehension Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. 44, 45 How do you see your future? 1 3 Reading for information and argument Understanding conversation between native speakers Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints. Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers. 48, 49 Reading and speaking Listening and speaking 1, 2 Vocabulary control Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur without hindering communication Reading and speaking 6 Vocabulary New Headway Upper-Intermediate Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE

25 6 Making it big Expressions of quantity export and ex'port Business expressions and numbers Level: B2 Conversation Can engage in extended conversation on most 56 Practice 5 general topics in a clearly participatory 57 Listening and speaking 1, 2 fashion, even in a noisy environment. 58 Reading and speaking 1 Flexibility Informal discussion (with friends) Listening to audio media and recordings Overall listening comprehension Overall written interaction Phonological control Vocabulary control Can adjust what he/she says and the means of expressing it to the situation and the recipient and adopt a level of formality appropriate to the circumstances Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical control. Does not make mistakes which lead to misunderstanding. Can express his/her ideas and opinions with precision, and present and respond to complex lines of argument convincingly. Can understand most radio documentaries and most other recorded or broadcast audio material delivered in standard dialect and can identify the speaker s mood, tone etc. Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. Can read with a large degree of independence, adapting style and speed of reading to different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Can express news and views effectively in writing, and relate to those of others Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur without hindering communication. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 61 Everyday English 1, , Test your grammar 1, 2 Practice 1 5 What do you think? Speaking 57 Listening and speaking The naked chef 3, , 59 The naked chef 1, 2 Reading and speaking Listening and speaking Vocabulary and pronunciation 1, 2 refuse 1 3 Vocabulary and pronunciation 1 3 refuse 1 3 Everyday English Vocabulary work Oxford University Press New Headway Upper-Intermediate PHOTOCOPIABLE 25

26 7 Getting on together Modals and related verbs 1 Hot verb get Exaggeration and understatement Level: B2 Conversation Can engage in extended conversation on most 65 Listening and speaking 2 4 general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, 66 Reading and speaking 1 even in a noisy environment. 66 What do you think? Flexibility Can vary formulation of what he/she wants to 69 Everyday English 1 5 say. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical 62 Test your grammar 1 3 control. Does not make mistakes which lead to 63 Language focus 1 3 misunderstanding. 63, 64 Practice 1 7 Overall listening comprehension Overall oral production Phonological control Reading for information and argument Understanding conversation between native speakers Can understand standard spoken language, live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. Can give clear, detailed descriptions and presentations on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest, expanding and supporting ideas with subsidiary points and relevant examples. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can understand articles and reports concerned with contemporary problems in which the writers adopt particular stances or viewpoints. Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 65 Listening and speaking 4 65 Listening and speaking 1 69 Everyday English 4, 5 66, 67 Reading and speaking We can work it out 1 3 Practice 9 Vocabulary work Vocabulary and speaking New Headway Upper-Intermediate Oxford University Press PHOTOCOPIABLE

27 Relative clauses Participles Adverbs collocations The world around Level: B2 Conversation Can engage in extended conversation on most 74 What do you think? general topics in a clearly participatory fashion, even in a noisy environment. Shows a relatively high degree of grammatical 70 Test your grammar 1 control. Does not make mistakes which lead to 70, 71 Pilot superstar 2 misunderstanding. 72 Practice 2,3 Overall listening comprehension Can understand standard spoken language, 73 Listening and speaking 2 6 live or broadcast, on both familiar and unfamiliar topics normally encountered in personal, social, academic or vocational life. Only extreme background noise, inadequate discourse structure and/or idiomatic usage influences the ability to understand. Can read with a large degree of independence, 71, 72 Pilot superstar 1 3 adapting style and speed of reading to 74, 75 Reading and speaking 1 4 different texts and purposes, and using appropriate reference sources selectively. Has a 77 Everyday English 1 broad active reading vocabulary, but may experience some difficulty with low frequency idioms. Overall written production Phonological control Sustained monologue: Describing experience Understanding conversation between native speakers Vocabulary control 8 Going to extremes Can write straightforward connected texts on a range of familiar subjects within his/her field of interest, by linking a series of shorter discrete elements into a linear sequence. Pronunciation is clearly intelligible even if a foreign accent is sometimes evident and occasional mispronunciations occur. Can give clear, detailed descriptions on a wide range of subjects related to his/her field of interest. Can keep up with an animated conversation between native speakers. Lexical accuracy is generally high, though some confusion and incorrect word choice does occur without hindering communication. Has a good range of vocabulary for matters connected to his/her field and most general topics. Can vary formulation to avoid frequent repetition, but lexical gaps can still cause hesitation and circumlocution. 77 Everyday English Practice 1 Vocabulary and Pronunciation Listening and speaking 1 77 Everyday English Practice 4, 5 Vocabulary and Pronunciation Practice 6 8 Oxford University Press New Headway Upper-Intermediate PHOTOCOPIABLE 27

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