Ivakamacala taumada. Na cava na yaga ni noda cakau? Na cava na veika bula e idusi (indicators) kei na yaga ni kena vakadikevi

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1 Ivakamacala taumada Na cava na yaga ni noda cakau? Na cakau e yaga sara vei keda baleta ni isema ni veika era tu wavoliti keda. Na cakau e dudui na kena vakasakiti ni ivurevure ni bula ena vuravura qai dau kune ena umawaitui draki katakata, wai makare qai vovodea ena draki e dau sotavi ena 23.5 na dikiri ina vualiku kei na ceva ni veimama kei vuravura (equator) ka yacana ena vosa vulagi vakaperitania na tropical. Na cakau e yaga ena vuqa tale na vakasama: 1 Ena kena vakadikevi na bula, e duidui sara ga na kena ituvatuva - ni bula voli ena cakau e vuqa na veika bula kei na kau ka dikevi ni duidui sara kina mai na vanua ni sasaga bula tale eso. Ni vakatauvatani kei na veikau lelevu e dau vakatokai ena vosa vulagi vakaperitania na tropical rainforests, na cakau tale ga e kilakasamitaki ni ivurevure ni wai ni veivakabulai kei na vei wai yaga tale eso kei na ivurevure ni veika tale eso e se bera ni ra vakadikevi se vakatakilai vei ira na dau ni vakadidike. 2 E ivurevure tale ga ni veika bula dusia toka kina ni vuqa tale tu na ka e bula voli kina ka ivurevure ni kakana vei ira na ika kei na veika tale eso era bula voli e loma ni waitui. E sala tale ga ni nodra vakarurugi na veika bula e na iqoliqoli. 3 Ena dau vukea na ivurevure ni kakana ka na rawa tale ga ni ivurevure ni rawa ilavo vei ira era bula volekata na baravi, ia, ena vakatautaki wale ga na tikina qo ena nodra na vakamuria vinaka na ituvatuva ni kena na maroroi. Na iyau e rawa mai ena nodra qoroya na cakau na vulagi saravanua e sa dinati ni dua tale ga na ivurevure ni ilavo. Sa vuqa na drau na veitabayabaki na nodra dau vakanuinuitaka tu itaukei e Viti me rawa kina na kakana bulabula e yacana ena vosa vulagi na protein. 4 Na cakau e dei tale no ga ena kena taqomaki na veiyatuyanuyanu kei na kedra baravi. Ke sega na cakau ena sisi na vanua mamaca ina waitui. Me da sa tekivu mareqeta na cakau baleta ni sega na kena isosomi. Na cakau era a se buli ka bula voli mai ena drau se udolu na yabaki sa nadakui ka na taura tale ga e dua na gauna balavu me sosomitaki ke ra na bula rawa tale. Na veivakatorocaketaki e vuqa esa mai vakayacori wavoliti keda ena vakaleqa tale ga na cakau ke sega qaravi vakamaqosa na kena kauwaitaki. Na cava na veika bula e idusi (indicators) kei na yaga ni kena vakadikevi Na noda cakau era bula kina na veika yaga eso ka ra ivakarau ni kena vakadeitaki tiko na bula ni cakau me yalava ni bula. E so vei ira era yaga ena kena sagai na kena vakadikevi na veiveisau vinaka se ca e dau yaco ena noda iqoliqoli. E yacadra na veika bula qo me ra idusi. Na nodra bula na idusi e rawa ni vukea na veiveisau ni veika bula eso ni ke ra na kawaboko ena rawa ni ra kawaboko tale ga kina na so tale na ka era bula voli ena yalava ni iqoliqoli. Baleta idusi e rawa vakatautaki kina na veiveisau ni bula tale eso kei na kena ituvatuva, na kena kilai na yaga ni idusi e usutu ni sasaga ni maroroi ni iqoliqoli. Na kena vakamuri voli e dua na idusi e sa na ivakarau tale ga ni kena vakadikevi ke dua tiko beka na kena yaga ena vanua e bula voli kina ka rawa ni na ivakasala ena kena veisautaki na cakacaka, mevaka na kena taurivaki na idavodavo eso ni kena mareqeti. Na veiveisau ni iwiliwili ni dua na idusi e rawa ni vakaraitaka na vinaka kei na ca ni nodra na rawa ni bula ena dua na yalava ka na vulici mai kina Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 7

2 na nodra ivakarau ni kana ka me itukutuku yaga ni kena kilai na kedra dui yaga na idusi e so. TAGEDE NI BULA NA TROPHIC Ena ituvatuva ni bula veimaliwai, na itagede e vakatokai ena vosa vakaperitania na trophic e oka kina na ituvatuva e rawa kina na bula ena veisasalu vakayagataki eso e tuvai matata no kina na ka era kania kei na ka e vakayagataki ira. Na ituvatuva vata vakaoqo e tautauvata ena vuravura taucoko na ivurevure ni bula, na mataqali e kania na kau/co bula kei na mataqali e kania na lewe. Ia, na kedra iwiliwili kei na veimataqali ka bula ena kedra dui tagede e duidui ena dui vanua ni bula kei na veika era bula voli kina. Ena vei iqoliqoli kei na itagede na trophic e matata tu kina na iwasewase ni dui itavi ena ituvatuva ni bula era oka kina. Na veika era kania na lewe e no voli ena itagede sara e cake ni ituvatuva ka tarava yani na kena era kania na kau/co bula kei na ivurevure ni bula e koto ena botoni itui ni ituvatuva. Na kena na kilai na ituvatuva ena iqoliqoli ena matata kina na nodra itavi ena kena maroroi na ituvaki ni iqoliqoli. Watson and Pauly In: Atlas of the Ocean 8 Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People

3 Veika e bula ena lewe Na veika e bula ena lewe e dau okati tale ga me daunivakasasa lelevu. E rua tiko na i itagede ni veikanikani i loma ni waitui. Na kena imatai sa i koya o ira era dau kani ira na ika ka ra dau kana clumi/ co ni waitui walega kei na kena i karau sa i koya na ika e dau rawa ni kani ira na ika ena imatai ni vakatagedegede ni veikanikani ka vakatalega kina o ira ika ka ra dau kana lumi/co ni waitui So na ivakaraitaki ni imatai ni tagede na: Kawakawa, Ogo, Damu kei na Saqa ka ivakaraitaki ena ikarua ni tagede na Qio kei na Tovuto Na kedra na yali na veimataqali dauvakasasa vakaoqo mai na iqoliqoli ena rawa ni veisautaka na ituvaki ni cakau mai na bulabula ki na ivakatagedegede ni rusa. O koya gona e yaga me na veiriti ni iwiliwili ni veika bula ena loma ni iqoliqoli ka me na vakadeitaki voli tiko baleta ena vukea na kena veidutaitaki na kedra iwiliwili na veika bula tale eso ena ituvatuva ni bula ka rawa ni na vakilai ena ituvaki ni cakau ke sivia na iwiliwili. Qo eso na ivakaraitaki ni mataqali dauvakasasa era idusi yaga ka dau vakatautaki tale ga kina na ituvaki/ bula ni cakau. Ena vuku ni nodra tubu berabera ka lailai na iwiliwili ni nodra vakatubu kawa ena rawa ni ra kawaboko ke toso cake tiko ga ena veiyabaki na nodra vakarusai. Na nodra tubu e rawa ni yacova sara na 13 na mita vei ira na sa matua kei na 35 na senitimita ena kena se qai sucu vou. 1 Yacana raraba: Qio Yacadra ni vakadidike: Lamnidae Family Na qio e rawa ni 1 se sivia na 100 na luvena ena dua na ituvatuva ni vakatubu kawa, ka vakatautaki ena kena dui mataqali. E so e rawa ni vakasucuma e 19 ena dua ga na gauna, eso e dau dua wale ga ena loma ni dua na yabaki. E rua na ivakarau ni nodra vakatubu kawa ka rau vakatokai me oviparious (vakalutu yaloka) kei na viviparious (vakasucu na qio yalewa) E so era vakasasataki kedra ena siga kei na so tale ena bogi levu. Na kena yacovi na matua ni bula (gauna e rawa kina na vakatubu kawa) e sega ni tautauvata ka vakatau ena dui kawa ni qio. E so era qai yacova na gauna ni vakatubu kawa ni sa oti e 10 na yabaki mai na nodra sucu ka dau yacova sara e na yabaki ena so na kena kawa kilai. E duidui na vanua era bula kina na vei kawa yadua ni qio, ia, e levu ga na gauna era dau kune ena wai vuvu volekata na matasawa, muria sobu na bati ni cakau kei icabe ni botoni waitui ina vanua mamaca ka rauta no ni 30 na senitimita ena vuqa na gauna ni nodra bula. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 9

4 UNDERSTANDING YOUR MARINE ENVIRONMENT USING INDICATOR SPECIES Na qio e ikarua ni tagede ni dauvakasasa ka toka ena tagede duadua e cake ka liutaka tale ga na ivakarau ni ituvatuva ni bula ena iqoliqoli. E ra vukea tale ga na kena veiriti no na iwiliwili ni dauvakasasa kakana lewe kei na kau/co bula e okati kina me dua na idusi vinaka ena kena vakabulabulataki na bula ni veimaliwai ena yalava ni cakau. Ke na sega na qio ena iqoliqoli ena rawa ni vuna me tubu cake na iwiliwili ni dauvakasasa ena itagede e ra, mevaka na kawakawa baleta ni rawa ni na vakalailaitaki sobu kina na iwiliwili ni ika, mevaka na ulavi ka ni ra dau kania na veika e tutubu voli (baleta na kawakawa e dau vakasasataki ira na ulavi) ka na rawa sara kina ni vakarusai na cakau mai na mate eso kei na kena benuci. Ke dau laurai na qio ena noda yalava ni bula ni cakau, e sa na ivakaraitaki tiko ni taucoko tiko na ituvaki. Na nodra bula na qio ena rawarawa sara na kena vaqeavutaki mai vei ira na dauqoli vakailoa era vakayagataka na dali balavu ka ni ra rawa ni ra dau coko tale ga ena kena dau qolivi na tuna. Na tubucake ni kena gadrevi na ivocevoce ni qio me ivoli ena rawa ni vakaleqa tale ga na kedra iwiliwili. Era sega ni dau kauwaitaka na yaloka sa vakalutumi (mevaka na ogolevu) ka ni ra dau biu me ra ciri voli tu ga e wasawasa. Era dau kune me ra tu vata vakailawalawa ka so era toso duadua voli ga qai dau totolo na nodra veitosoyaki. E so na kena mataqali e dau gaga ke da kania. 2 Y acana raraba: Ogo Yacadra ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Sphyraenidae Na ogolevu era sa qase sara era na bula voli ena yalava se bati ni cakau me ra vakayasavi ika tale eso me ra kania. Era vakalutu yaloka ena waitui titobu yawa mai vanua mamaca ka dau kakana voli ena sala ni ua. Era dau vakayawaki ira mai na waitui yacova sara na gauna sa na vakarau vakalutumi kina na yaloka. E duidui na iwalewale ni nodra vakasucu ena veiyasai vuravura. 10 Era oka tale ga ina imatai ni tagede ni ika e kania na lewe ka ra idusi ni kena maroroi na bula ni cakau baleta na tagede era oka kina. Sega so ni levu na kena meca ena yalava ni iqoliqoli vakavo ga na kena dau qolivi me kakana ni veisiga kei na kena dau veisivisivitaki vaqito na nodra siwati. H e a l t h y R e e f, P l e n t y F i s h, H a p p y Pe o p l e

5 Na nodra yalava e vakatautaki tale ga ena balavu ni bula na kena era se lalai era bula voleka mai matasawa ka ra dau vakarurugi ira voli ena loga co e waitui kei na tobu ni dau mati na vanua me yacova na gauna era sa na matua kina ka ra sa na toki sara ki na cakau levu 3 Yacana raraba: Kawakawa Yacadra ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Serranidae Yacana vaka Viti: Kawakawa, kawakawa matanisiga, qenuku, votoqa, donu, donu damu Na kawakawa e dredre sara mera kune vakailawalawa ka ni qai dau yaco ga ena gauna ni vakatubu kawa me ra vakalutu yaloka. Era dau vakalutu yaloka se vakatubu kawa vakavudua ena veiyabaki ka ra dau gole vakayawa sara mai na nodra yalava ni bula me ra lai vakayacora. E levu na kawa ni kawakawa era dau veisautaka na kedra ituvaki vakabibi mai na yalewa mera tagane, ka kena e lelevu era ka tagane. E sa kilai vakamatata tu ni ra dau vakalutu yaloka ena maliwa ni vula o June kei na Okosita. Era oka tale ga ena imatai ni tagede ni ika ka ra vakayagataka na lewe se dau vakasasa ena itagede oya. Era na tarova me sivia na iwiliwili ni ika era kania na kau/co era bula voli ena cakau mevaka na ulavi baleta ke levu na kedra iwiliwili ena rawa ni vakarusai taucoko na veika e tubu voli ka tu na kedra yaga ena yalava ni iqoliqoli. E levu ka ra kune wasoma e Viti era sa kasamitaki ni ra rawa ni na kawaboko me vaka na delabulewa, kawakawa kei na donu loa Dau qolivi vakalevu vei ira na gonedau me ivoli ena gauna ni nodra vakalutu yaloka ka ni ra sa dau kila vinaka tu gauna kei na vanua e dau vakayacori kina e vuqa na gonedau. E sa lutu sobu vakatotolo na kedra iwiliwili ena vuku ni nodra dau qolivi ena gauna ni vakalutu yaloka. E dau taura e dua ga na yabaki mera matua na kawakawa lalai, ia na ka lelevu era dau taura e vica vata na yabaki me ra na qai rawa ni vakatubu kawa vakatau ena kedra levu ka vakalevu ga ni sa oti e ciwa na yabaki vei ira na kawakawa lelevu. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 11

6 UNDERSTANDING YOUR MARINE ENVIRONMENT USING INDICATOR SPECIES Na nodra yalava ni bula e dui vakatautaki ena nodra dui yabaki ni bula ka ni o ira na lalai kei ira na sa via matua mai era dau kune voli ga voleka ina matasawa (loga co ni waitui kei na veidogo) ia, o ira na kena sa matua sara e dau kune sara ena yalava ni cakau. 4 Yacana raraba: Bo, Damu Yacadra ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Lethrinidae Era sega ni dau veiqaloyaki voli vakalevu ka ra dau no voli ga ena nodra yalava ni bula. Na damu lalai ni veidogo era dau qai toki tani mai na vanua mamatia ina veicakau ena wasa titobu so na gauna me yacova sara e dua na drau na mita na kena titobu me na rawa ni bula kina. Era okati me ra imatai ni tagede ni dauvakasasataka na lewe vakavuqa ena sasalu qasi oka kina na kena e taqomaki ena vivili kei na ika Era dau binibini me ra vakalutu yaloka ena vanua era dau lai sota kina e drau se udolu tale na ika me ra vakatubu kawa. Rawa nira kawaboko ke ra qolivi vakalevu baleta ni dau berabera na nodra tubu qai dau balavu na nodra na bula voli. So na mataqali era rawa ni yacova na tagede ni matua mera vakatubu kawa nira yacova na yabaki ni bula me rua ki na lima ka rawa sara ni sivia na limasagavulu na dede ni nodra bula voli tiko. Sega ni vakaleqai ia e dau kakana taleitaki vakalevu ena noda vanua ka levu e dua volitaki talega. E duidui na kedra roka na ka tagane e karakarawa kata makuwaliliva ina drokadroka, se karakarawa siyawa kina drokadroka kei ira na ka lalai kei na yalewa e dau damu moli bota, kei na damu moli bota ki na vulavula. Varivoce Yacana ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Labridae 5 Yacana raraba: 12 Na yalava era bula kina e vakatautaki tale ga ena yabaki na ka lalai era digia na vanua e vavaku kina na lase, na co bula e loma ni waitui, ia na kena sa lelevu ka matua era digitaka na yalava ga ni nodra bula voli ena bati ni cakau, vei toloniwai galala ena tuba kei na sala ni wai ena maliwa ni cakau. H e a l t h y R e e f, P l e n t y F i s h, H a p p y Pe o p l e

7 Era dau kune ni ra salavata tu vakaisa tagane - yalewa, se vakailawalawa me rauta e rua ina vitu. O ira na kena sa matua cake era dau vakalutuyaloka vakaisa ka maliwai ira na matailawalawa lelevu ena gauna namaki ena veiyabaki. E dau berabera na nodra tubu. Rawa ni ra dau yacova na tolusagavulu na dede ni nodra bula voli kei na yabaki matua me ra tiko vata kina ni sa yacovi sara na 5-7. E na rawa ni ra dau veisautaka na kedra ituvaki ni bula mai na yalewa me tagane ni ra sa dau yacova na ikaciwa ni yabaki. qasi voli, sasalu e sega na suitu dau taqomaki ena qanivivili, ika lalai kei na echinoderms. E sa dikevi ni ra sa via yacova tiko na ivakatagedegede ni kawaboko ena vakadidike tuvalaki ni sasalu ni waitui mareqeti ni veivanua (2000 ICUN Red list). Na kena e lelevu cake e dau vakayagataki me ivoli ni ika bula kei na kena e lalai sara era dau volitaki/vakayagataki me vakaraitaki voli ena ivakatakarakara ni bula e loma ni wai. E tabu nira qolivi ka volitaki na kena qo e Viti. Era oka tale ga ena imatai ni tagede ni ika dau vakayagataka na lewe, kania tale ga na sasalu era Na kena e lalai era vakayagataka na sasalu qasi mevaka na ura/qari ka ra qai dau vakayagataka na ika ni ra sa lelevu. Na vakatubu kawa e vakayacori vakaisa vakailawalawa. Era matua nira yacova na yabaki 2-3. Era dau kune vata vakailawalawa. 6 Yacana raraba: Saqa Yacadra raraba ena vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Carangidae Era bula voli ena toba, tobu nuku ena maliwa ni matasawa yawaki mai waitui tobu, cakau mamatia kei na cakau e waitui tobu kei na cakau wavolita na matasawa. Era oka ena itagede ni imatai ni dauvakasasa e bula ena kau tubu, lewe ka vaka tale ga kina na sasalu yati kei na viili. Sega ni vakaleqai ia e dau kakana taleitaki vakalevu ena noda vanua ka levu e dua volitaki talega. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 13

8 Era tu talega na kena era dauvakasasa ka yaga na nodra bula baleta nira na veivuke ena kena veiriti tiko na iwiliwili ni ka bula me na maroroi kina na cakau. E dua na kena ivakaraitaki na Davui. Era oka ena imatai ni tagede ni dauvakasasa era vakayagataka na matavuvale kuita, sasalu yati kei na sasalu veicoka/gaga me vaka na bula se bulewa. Yacana raraba: Davui Yacadra raraba ena vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Ranellidae Era bula voli ena dela ni nuku e botoni waitui, vanua wavoliti na cakau kei na waitui e 6 ina 20 na mita na kena titobu. Na kena e lelevu cake era vakaitavi tale ga ena kena vakarautataki toka na kedra iwiliwili na bula se bulewa ka dau kilai ni ra rawa ni vakarusa na cakau ke levu sivia na kedra i wiliwili ena loma ni qoliqoli. Tiko ena ituvatuva ni sasalu mareqeti ni veivanua (ICUN). Dau vakayasavi vakavuqa me baleta na qadra me ivoli. E duidui sara ga na kena e tagane mai na yalewa qai ra dau veiyacovi me buketetaki na luvedra. Era dau yacova na ituvaki matua me rawa nira veiyacovi ena ikaono ni vula ina ikarua ni yabaki. 14 Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People

9 Dauvakasasa co/lumi tubu ni waitui Qo na ika era dau vakayagataka na co kei na veika lumilumia tutubu voli ena loma ni waitui. E yaga tale ga baleta na kedra vakarautataki toka na veika bula me kua ni vakaruguta/ubia taucoko na cakau. Na veika e kakabi/tutubu ka ra dau veisugusugutaka na rarama ni matanisiga ke tubu vakayauyau e rawa ni vakarusa tale ga na cakau. Na itagede ni dauvakasasa qo e oka tale ga kina na sasalu vaqana, sasalu qasi kei na sasalu yati. E dua na dauvakasasa ena itagede qo e dodonu me da kila na kedra inaki yaga na ulavi kei na matavuvale tabace/ balagi. E dina ni ulavi e vakayagataka na co/lumi tubu e loma ni wai e dau vakayagataka tale ga na veika bula lalai eso, ka sa yaga kina me da kila ni ra sega wale ga ni oka ena itagede ni dauvakasasa qo. E tolu na mataqali vakasasa era vakayacora kakana voli, karia na dagodra/yagodra ena veika e sotavi kei na kena e kana ne veika vuca e sotava/vakayagataka. ni bati ni cakau kei na so tale era vakayacora ga ena yalava e dau vakayacori vakawasoma kina. So e dau vakayacora valailawalawa levu na vakaluveni taki ni ika oqo, ka maliwai ira voli na yalewa nira vakalutu yaloka e dua ga na kena tagane ka so tale era vakayacora vakaisa (tagane/ yalewa) ena yalava kei na gauna namaki/kilai. 1 Yacana raraba: Ulavi, Kakarawa Yacana ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Scaridae Na tagane, yalewa kei na kena e lalai voli e duidui na rokadra ka dau dredre na nodra na dui kilai. E dau levu na mataqali era dau veisautaka na kedra ituvaki mai na yalewa me tagane, ia, ena levu tale era sa bula/buli sara ga mai me tagane. E vakatubu kawa tu ga ena loma ni yabaki taucoko ka levu na kena mataqali era dau gole sara i na taudaku Era dau kaburaka na luka e yagodra ena bogi me rawa ni ra maroroi ira main a nodra i vakasasa ena gauna era moce no kina E levu na kena mataqali era bula/susu voli ena cakau lase kei na so era dau kune ena logaco e botoni waitui. E rawa nira yacova sara na 20 na yabaki ni bula, ia, e levu e dau lailai sobu mai na 5 na dede ni nodra bula. Na kena e lelevu cake e rawa nira bula balavu. Era dau kakana voli vakalewelevu me rawa kina ni rawai na ika ni veiyalava ka vakarerei ira na dau vakasasa. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 15

10 E dau vakayacora na iwalewale taucoko ni vakayagataki kakana ena itagede ni dauvakasasa qo - kakana voli, karia na dagodra/yagodra ena veika e sotavi kei na kena e kana yavuta na ka e sotava/ vakayagataka - ka dusia koto na kedra yaga ena iqoliqoli. Ena nodra karia na co/lumi e kabi/tutubu voli ena cakau e vukea toka kina na vakalailaitaki ni tubu sivia ni co/lumi ka rawa ni vakaruguta na tubu vinaka ni lase. Ena nodra karia/qaruta na delani lase e rawa ni vakavuna me darama vinaka na vanua me na rawa ni mai dabe kina e dua na luve ni lase me bula kina O ira na kedra lelevu sara era vukea na laukana ni veika vuca ena cakau me rawa ni vukea na kena buli na nuku. Era vukea talega na na tikobulabula ni veicakau E dikevi ni ulavi e lelevu cake e vakasakiti ka yaga sara vakalevu na i tavi era vakayacora ena kena samaki tiko na cakau main a tubu sivia ni co/lumi ni waitui E sega so ni tiko na kauwai ni na vakaleqai na kedra iwiliwili dina ni dau qolivi vakawasoma. E vuqa na gonedau era dau qoliva na ulavi lelevu, ka dau vukea vakalevu na vakasavasavataki ni cakau, ka dau vuna me rawa ni vakaleqai na cakau. Na kena qolivi vakawasoma me kakana ni veisiga ka vaka tale ga kina na kena me ivoli. Era dau kakana yadua voli ga, ka so na gauna era dau kakana vata voli vakailawalawa me ra rawa kina ni rawai ira na ika lalai ni cakau me vaka na guru ka ra dau taqomaka na lumilumi ka dau tutubu voli ena cakau. 2 Yacana raraba: Dridri/Meto, Balagi, Ta Yacadra ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Acanthuridae Kedra ituvaki se i vakarau ni bul E levu era lalai ka tiko na kedra balavu mai na 15 ina 40 na senitimita, ia, eso era dau tubu lelevu sara ka dau yacova na dua na mita na kedra balavu. E ika iwiliwili levu taudua ena cakau ka ra dau taqomaka na nodra yalava. O ira na kena lalai (dridri) era dau kune vakalevu ena cakau mamatia kei ira na kena lelevu (balagi, ta) e dau kune ena waitui titobu Era dau vakalutu yaloka ena sala wai ka dau taura e dua na gauna dede na kena ciri voli ena wasa bula ena ituvaki qo. Era dau kakana voli ena lumi e tubu/kabita tu na cakau. Na lailai ni gusudra kei na tuvani ni batidra e rawa ni vukei ira kina mera dau misika na lumi ka dau tubu tu ena lase 16 Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People

11 Qo e rawa ni vukea na vurumemeya ni kedra kakana na veika bula tale eso ena loma ni waitui Era vukea talega na kena na vakarauta ni kena tubu na lumilumi ka dau bula voli na cakau E sega ni dua na leqa e tarai ira tiko E dau takete taki eso na kena mataqali qo me vakaraitaki voli ena ivakatakarakara ni bula e loma ni wai (aquarium). Era dau qolivi tale ga me kakana ni veisiga The vakatubu kawa e dau yaco vakalevu ena vula itutubu se ni se qai tekivu na draki katakata. E dau yaco vakalevu ena bogi se mataka caca ena gauna dau lolo sobu kina na ua. E rawa ni dau veisautaka na rokadra me vuni mai vei ira na dauvakasasa. 3 Yacana raraba: Nuqa Yacana ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Siganidae E dau tubu me yacova na 40cm na kena balavu. E dau veitosoyaki ga ena siga ka ra bula vakailawalawa se yadua voli ena cakau. E dau kana lumi ni waitui ka ra yaga ena kena na vakarauta toka na nodra tubu na lumi ena cakau. E dau veitosoyaki ka kana ga ena siga ka vakacegu ena bogi. E sega na kedra meca ena yalava ni bula ia era dau qolivi me kakana ni veisiga kei na kena e dui roka e dau qolivi mera vakaraitaki voli ena ivakatakarakara ni bula e loma ni wai. E dau vakatubu kawa e wasaliwa qai dau vakalutu yaloka vakaisa (tagane/yalewa) ena sala ni kui ni ua. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 17

12 Ika/manumanu dau kana lase E sivia e 160 na ka bula ena yalava ni iqoliqoli era dau kana/vakayagataka na lase. Na kena qo e dau kilai ena vosa vakaperitania me corallivores. Era dau kania na gacagaca bula ni lase. E levu na iwalewale ni nodra kana so era dau kania na tikina malumu (polyps) ka sega ni dau vakarusa sara na ituvaki ni lase ka so era vakayagataka na tikina weliwelia ena lase. E so tale era dau kauta laivi na tikini suitu ni lase ena gauna era kania kina na kena e dau vakayagataka. Tiko tale na kena e dau kana/cukiraka sara ga na ka era gadreva salavata kei na iwase levu ni lase. E so na kena mataqali era idusi yaga ena kena dikevi na veiveisau vinaka kei na kena e ca ina cakau kei na kena inaki yaga ina iqoliqoli. Qo e so me vakataka na: baleta na kedra kei na nodra vakarurugi. Era dau bula vakaisa voli ni ra sa qase ena nodra yalava ni bula. E dau vakatubu kawa ni karobo toka na vanua vakabibi ena yakavi bogi ena kena se qai cabe mai e dua na vula vou kei na kena sa lai taucoko na irairai ni vula. 1 Yacana raraba: Tivitivi Yacana ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Chaetodontidae E ra gusu balavu na ika oqo ka ra dau kune ni ra misika no na lase. E laurai ni nodra i vakarau ni kakana oqo, e sega kina ni dau vakamavoataka na ituvaki/ibulibuli ni lase ka kana tiko mai kina. E veitosoyaki voli ga ena siga qai dau votu na kata ni rokadra ena yalava ni cakau/lase. E kilai tale ga ni rawa ni veimaliwai/bula vata kei ira na qeleni ika kei na sasalu/veika bula era kakana voli ena botoni wai. E dau vakararavi voleka sara kei na bula ni cakau me E dau yacova na na dede ni yabaki ni bula ka dau vakatautaki ena dui mataqali. E lailai na kena dau vakasasataki na ka lelevu, ia, ena rawa ni vakatautaki kina na kena vakarauta na kedra iwiliwili ena gauna ni vakatubu kawa ena nodra bula. Na tivitivi dau kana lase e idusi usutu ni bula ni lase baleta ni tabakidua na nodra vakararavitaka kina na nodra bula ka na vakatautaki tale ga kina na bula ni lase. Na nodra veiwaseyaki kei na kune vakalevu na tivitivi ena ivakaraitaki tale ga ni bulabula ni lase. Na kena na dau vakarusai na cakau mai na veisala eso mevaka na benuci ni yalava ena vakaleqai tale 18 Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People

13 ga kina na bula ni tivitivi. E tiko na mataqali lase era dau taleitaka vakalevu ka na vakilai sara vakalevu ena ituvatuva ni yalava era bula voli kina. Ena vuku ni nodra vakadeitaka toka na nodra vanua ni bula kei na kena dau dede tale ga na nodra yabaki ni bula, e dau yaga ka na vakadeitaki tale toka ga kina na tuvai ni bula ena yalava era bula kina. Sega ni na vakaleqai na iwiliwili ena yalava ni bula. E dau qolivi vakalevu mera vakaraitaki voli ena ivakatakarakara ni bula e loma ni wai (aquarium). E bula ena loma ni yalava ni veilase ena umawai tiko na kena titobu mai na 1 ina 30 na mita. Dau lailai na kedra iwiliwili vakaisa, ia, e rawa ni levu sara nira salavata vakailawalawa (sivia e 75) e waitui levu kei na cakau ena daku ni tuba waitui makare. 2 Yacana raraba: Kalia Yacana ni vakadidike: Matavuvale ni Scaridae E kawa ni tivitivi levu duadua ka rawa ni dau tubu me yacova e 4 ft (1.3 m) na kena balavu ka 46 kg na kena bibi. Na luveni kalia lalai e dau kune ena maliwa ni matasawa yawaki mai waitui tobu vakabibi ena loga co tubu voli e botoni wai ka ra dau kune na kena e lelevu cake ena daku ni tuba kei na cakau e waitui loa tiko na kedra titobu ena 30 m. E berabera na nodra tubu ka rawa ni ra bula balavu (yacova na 40 na yabaki) io e dau bera na nodra gauna ni vakatubu kawa salavata kei na lailai ni kena vakaisosomitaki tale na kedra iwiliwili. E dau lailai na tomani ni kedra iwiliwili ena loma taucoko ni yabaki, ia, e sega ni dau digidigi ena vuku ni yalava me bula kina. Ni dau cila na vula era vakalutu yaloka e wai titobu ena batini dakunituba ni cakau se daveta ka ra dau vakayaataka vinaka na nodra vanua ni vakasucu oqo. Na sota kei na vakatubu kawa e dikevi ni dau vakayacori ena matakacaca ena so tale na gauna. E dau yaco na veisau (tagane /yalewa) ena gauna e dau lailai kina na kedra iwiliwili, ka dau vuna me dau lailai na iwiliwili ni tagane kei na yalewa e susugi. Na Kalia taumada e bula ena lase e kania, ia, e dau vakayagataka tale ga na lumi ni waitui. Era yaga ena kena vakacokotaki na cakau baleta na batidra kaukauwa e voroka na veika e bini ka bau tale ga kina na lase mate i na dela ni nuku. Na nodra ivakarau ni kana ena vakilai ena kena buli ka veiwaseyaki na miramira ni lase (nuku) ena yalava ni bula ni cakau ka na tarova na kena sogolati na sasaga ni bula ni lase. Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People 19

14 Era voroka qai kania na yavu dei ni lase ka qai dau kaburaka me nuku ka dau buli kina na yanuyanu lalai kei na baravi nuku. E dua wale na ika ga e rawa ni na dau vakayagataka e sivia 5 na tani na cakau ena dua na yabaki ka dau yaga ena veiveisau ina cakau (1 na ika bulia e 90 kg na nuku ena 1 na yabaki. Baleta ni ra dau moce vata tu vakalewelevu e na bogi, e dau rawarawa kina na nodra qolivi mai vei ira na daucocoka kei ira era dau vakayagataka na lawa. E sa lutu sobu sara ga na kedra iwiliwili baleta na kedra qolivi vakasivia se na kena vakacacani na nodra yalava ni bula ena levu na vanua. References Comfort, C A Comparison of Reef check and SOS Ocean Pulse Coral Reefs. Connecticut College. Crosby, M. P., Reese, E.S A Manual For Monitoring Coral Reefs With Indicator Species: Butterflyfishes as Indicators of change on Indo-Pacific Reefs. Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Silver Spring, MD. 45 pp Dickson, I The Use of Corallivorous Butterflyfish (Chaetodontidae) As Indicators of Coral Reef Quality. University of Southampton. Earle, J Shark Reef, Fiji, Fish List. Bishop Museum, Honolulu, Hawaii. Institute, W.R., Reefs at Risk: a map- based indicator of threats to the world s coral reefs. Nybakken, J.W Marine Biology: An Ecological Approach (4th Ed), Addison Wesley Longman, Sydney. Pp Rogers, T Corallivorous Reef Fishes as Potential Vectors of Coral Disease Based on a Study of Dietary Preference, SIT Graduate Institute. Colman, J.G., A review of the biology and ecology of the whale shark. Journal of Fish Biology. 51, Reeson, P.H., 1983 The biology, ecology and bionomics of the Parrotfishes, Scaridae. p In J.L. Munro (ed.) Caribbean coral reef fishery resources.iclarm Stud. Rev. 7. Schultz, L.P., 1958 Review of the Parrotfishes family Scaridae. Bull. U.S. Natl. Mus. 214: Smith, A. and P. Dalzell, 1993 Fisheries resources and management investigations in Woleai Atoll, Yap State, Federated States of Micronesia. Inshore Fish. Res. Proj., Tech. Doc., South Pacific Commission. Noumea, New Caledonia. 64 p. Bentley, N An overview of the exploitation, trade and management of corals in Indonesia. TRAFFIC Bulletin 17(2), Healthy Reef, Plenty Fish, Happy People

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