1 HARPERCOLLINS ANSWER KEY for Workbook for Wheelock's Latin 3rd Edition, Revised Paul T. Comeau New Mexico State University Richard A. LaFleur University of Georgia HarperResource An Imprint of HarperCollins Publishers
2 ANSWER KEY FOR WORKBOOK FOR WHEELOCK'S LATIN. Copyright 1997, 2000, 2003 by Paul T. Comeau and Richard A. LaFleur. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. No part of this book may be used or reproduced in any manner whatsoever without written permission, except in the case of brief quotations embodied in critical articles and reviews. For information, address HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 10 East 53rd Street, New York, New York HarperCollins books may be purchased for educational, business, or sales promotional use. For information, please write to Special Markets Department, HarperCollins Publishers, Inc., 10 East 53rd Street, New York, New York THIRD EDITION, REVISED ISBN
3 PREFACE This answer key is provided for the convenience of teachers who have adopted the new Workbook for Wheelock's Latin (3rd ed. revised, 2000) for use in their classes, as well as for students who are employing the Workbook as an aid to their own independent study of the language; for obvious reasons, those using this key are asked not to copy and disseminate it to others. For many of the workbook questions variant answers are possible, especially for translation items, where there will often be correct variants due to the existence of synonyms, differences of idiom, etc. The practice in this key has been only occasionally to include variants, which are identified with a slash, e.g., he/she/it sees, they saw/have seen ; occasionally, too, optional elements are indicated with parentheses, e.g., F lius patrem (suum) am~vit. For the sake of economy, abbreviations are employed for such items as verb tenses (pres., fut., etc.), case names and functions (acc., dir. obj., etc.); a list of abbreviations is not included, since those used should be unambiguous and are for the most part the same as those employed and listed in Wheelock's Latin (6th ed., 2000, pp ). It is our hope that this answer key will be helpful to you in your teaching or independent study of Latin; corrections or suggestions for improvement in the key or the Workbook itself are welcomed and may be addressed to the publisher. Paul T. Comeau Richard A. LaFleur
4 Answer Key 1 CHAPTER 1 1. j, w, v 2. twice 3. c 4. a 5. b 6. d 7. a 8. c 9. b 10. p 11. cream 12. green 13. y 14. quick 15. a 16. c 17. w 18. uphill 19. vowels, diphthongs 20. a. á-mç b. sal-v -re c. sen-tén-ti-ae d. phi-lo-só-phi-~ e. an-t -qua f. iu-v~-te 21. subj. (pronouns) 22. subj. (endings) 23. -Ç, -m I -mus we -s you -tis you -t he/she/it -nt they 24. laud~re 25. mon re 26. infinitives a. 2 to see b. 1 to give c. 2 to be strong d. 1 to think e. 2 to owe f. 1 to love 27. -re, infinitive 28. amç I love I am loving I do love am~s you love you are loving you do love amat he/she/it loves he/she/it is loving he/she/it does love am~mus we love we are loving we do love am~tis you love you are loving you do love amant they love they are loving they do love 29. d beç I owe/have to/must I am owing I do owe, do have to d b s you owe you are owing you do owe d bet he/she/it owes he/she/it is owing he/she/it does owe d b mus we owe we are owing we do owe d b tis you owe you are owing you do owe d bent they owe they are owing they do owe 30. paradigms 31. vowel, -m, -r, -t, nd, nt 32. present stem, -te 33. err~re err~- err~ err~te salv re salv - salv salv te serv~re serv~- serv~ serv~te terr re terr - terr terr te val re val - val val te voc~re voc~- voc~ voc~te 34. aloud 35. verb A pl. pres. imper. act. see 2. 2 sg. pres. imper. act. give 3. 2 pl. pres. imper. act. think 4. 2 sg. pres. imper. act. see B sg. pres. indic. act. he/she/it calls
5 2 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin 2. 1 pl. pres. indic. act. we think 3. 3 pl. pres. indic. act. they love 4. 2 sg. pres. indic. act. you owe 5. 3 sg. pres. indic. act. he/she/it sees 6. 3 pl. pres. indic. act. they see 7. 1 pl. pres. indic. act. we owe/must 8. 2 pl. pres. indic. act. you give C. 1. amç I love 2. voc~mus we call 3. vid s you see 4. cçgitat he thinks 5. terrent they frighten 6. cçnserv~te preserve 7. vid see D. 1. err~tis You often err. 2. Vid mus We see nothing. 3. Amat She/he loves me. 4. vid tis What do you see? 5. errant Call me if they make a mistake. 6. Datis You are giving nothing. 7. serv~mus What are we saving? 8. terret He/she often frightens me. 9. amant They do not like me. 10. vid s Warn me if you see nothing. E. 1. Nihil m terret. 2. Nihil servant. 3. Quid serv~re/cçnserv~re d b mus? 4. Saepe mon m, am~bç t. A. 1. nothing 2. love 3. owe 4. warning 5. strength B. 1. a 2. c 3. b 4. d A. 1. They advise me, if I am mistaken. 2. He warns me, if they make a mistake. 3. Advise me, if he errs. 4.You ought to warn me. 5. You must not frighten me. 6. They should not praise me. 7. What does he give? Often he gives nothing. 8. They often call and advise me. 9. I see nothing. What do you see? 10. Praise me if I do not make a mistake, please. 11. If you are well, we are well. 12. If he is well, I am well. 13. If she likes me, she ought to praise me. 14. You must not wander. 15. What should we praise? 16. Hello, students! B. 1. c 2. c CHAPTER 2 1. cases 2. a. accusative b. genitive c. nominative d. ablative e. vocative f. ablative g. dative h. ablative i. ablative j. ablative k. ablative l. accusative, ablative 3. declension 4. base, gen. 5. a. f~m- b. fortãn- c. patri- d. r- 6. true 7. a. acc. pl. dir. obj. none b. sg. dir. address none c. acc. sg. dir. obj. none d. sg. indir. obj. to/for e. sg. subj. none f. abl. sg. adverbial by/with/from, etc.
6 Answer Key 3 g. pl. adverbial by/with/from, etc. h. sg. poss. of i. pl. subj. none j. pl. indir. obj. to/for k. gen. pl. poss. of l. pl. dir. address none 8. fem. 9. d 10. v tnominative v ta life genitive v tae of life dative v tae to/for life accusative v tam life ablative v t~ by/with/from life vocative v ta life nominative v tae lives genitive v t~rum of lives dative v t s to/for lives accusative v t~s lives ablative v t s by/with/from lives vocative v tae lives 11. a. form dir. obj. b. fame subj. c. fortunes dir. obj. d. angers subj. e. to/for philosophy indir. obj. f. by/with/from the girls adverbial g. of life poss. h. of punishments poss. i. to/for the countries indir. obj. 12. number, gender, case; person, number 13. syntax A. 1. Po ta The poet is not thinking. 2. pecãniam Give money to the sailor, please. 3. r~ She admonishes without anger. 4. Nautae, poen~s The sailors are paying the penalty. 5. v tam, f~mam You love life and fame. 6. mult~ pecãni~ He is without much money. 7. Fortãna Fortune/opportunity often calls. 8. Philosophiam ant quam I praise ancient philosophy. 9. v tae They are preserving your philosophy of life. 10. port~rum The shape of the doors is old. 11. Puell s me s You ought to give roses to my girls. B. 1. multae philosophiae many philosophies 2. sententi~ me~ by/with/from my opinion 3. Nautae errant. The sailors are mistaken. 4. Puellae naut~s servant. The girls are saving the sailors. 5. patriae ant quae of the ancient country
7 4 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin C. 1. f~ma patriae the country's fame 2. fçrma rosae the shape of the rose 3. sententia puellae the girl's opinion 4. ra po tae the poet's anger 5. pecãnia nautae the sailor's money D. 1. Patria sine philosophi~ saepe errat et nçn valet. 2. Patria tua est magna. 3. Nautae multam pecãniam servant. 4. Puella nautae rosam po tae dat. A. 1. fortãna, ra, rosa, ant qua 2. fçrmçsa, beautiful B. 1. anger 2. sailor 3. money 4. life 5. country A. 1. Farewell, my fatherland. 2. The girl's fortune is great. 3. The girl praises your country's fortune. 4. Oh girl, save your country, please! 5. Hello, sailors! 6. You are giving the girl nothing. 7. He sees the girl's roses. 8. You do not see the girls' money. 9. We must warn the sailors. 10. Life gives luck to many girls. 11. You are saving my life with your money. 12. Fame is nothing without fortune. 13. The country does not flourish without fame and fortune. 14. You should not praise the girls' anger. 15. Without punishments we love life. 16. Without philosophy we do not prosper. 17. What is life without philosophy? 18. Life does not flourish, if you often err. 19. The anger of your opinion frightens me. B. 1. a 2. d CHAPTER 3 1. m., n., us, -er 3. a. agr-, agriculture, agrarian b. puer-, puerile, puerility 4. dat., abl. 5. a. sg. adverbial by/with/from, etc. b. acc. sg. dir. obj. none c. sg. indir. obj. to/for d. pl. dir. address none e. gen. pl. poss. of f. nom. sg. subj. none g. acc. pl. dir. obj. none h. gen. sg. poss. of i. voc. sg. dir. address none j. pl. adverbial by/with/from, etc. k. nom. pl. subj. none l. pl. indir. obj. to/for 6. numernominative numerus the number genitive numer of the number
8 Answer Key 5 dative numerç to/for the number accusative numerum the number ablative numerç by/with/from the number vocative numere the number nominative numer the numbers genitive numerçrum of the numbers dative numer s to/for the numbers accusative numerçs the numbers ablative numer s by/with/from the numbers vocative numer the numbers 7. c 8. a 9. 1, 5, 4, 3, a 11. a. gen. poss. of my sons b. adverbial by/with/from my daughters c. poss. of the Roman people d. indir. obj. to/for the Roman people e. adverbial by/with/from the Roman men f. subj. the great men g. gen. poss. of a few friends h. indir. obj. to/for my friends i. dir. address Roman friends j. acc. dir. obj. a great man k. nom. subj. my boy l. acc. dir. obj. many fields m. gen. poss. of the great number n. voc. dir. address great friend A. 1. Multam sapientiam We always have much wisdom. 2. am cçrum tuçrum The number of your friends is great. 3. f li s me s The farmer gives my sons wisdom. 4. magnum numerum, magnçrum virçrum Few boys see the large number of great men. 5. virçs, magnae sapientiae Summon men of great wisdom. B. 1. F~ma virçrum et f min~rum est magna, m am ce. 2. Populus f li s RÇm~nÇrum multam pecãniam dat. 3. F lius am c me puellam videt. 4. Am cçs puer saepe laud~mus. 5. Mult vir sapientiam philosophiae ant quae hodi nçn amant. C. 1. Æ m am ce Oh, my friend 2. in agrç in the field 3. sine puer s without the boys 4. Puer ros~s vident. The boys see the roses. 5. vir av~r the greedy man's D. 1. patria vir the man's country 2. poena am c the friend's punishment 3. sententia popul the people's opinion 4. ager agricolae the farmer's field
9 6 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin 5. fortãna f liae the daughter's luck A. 1. cultivates fields 2. satisfied B. 1. friends 2. daughter, son 3. boy 4. few A. 1. Goodbye, my friend. 2. Oh great man, save the Roman people. 3. If nothing satisfies me, I often err. 4. The sailors are giving my daughters nothing. 5. I do see the farmers in the field. 6. Today you see my son's friend. 7. Girls and boys love the roses' beauty. 8. You should not frighten your daughters and sons. 9. They must praise your girlfriend. 10. Life gives fame to few men, my son. 11. Great men often have few friends. 12. My friend is always thinking about philosophy. 13. The son of a great man is not always great. 14. What does a greedy man think about money? 15. You ought to praise philosophy, the wisdom of great men. B. 1. Agricola v tam et fortãnam nautae laudat. 2. Nautae fortãnam et v tam po tae saepe laudant. 3. much money/multam pecãniam 4. greed CHAPTER 4 1. m., n., um 3. a. cçnsili- b. cãr- c. magistr- d. per cul- e. bon- f. v r- 4. c 5. nom., acc., voc. 6. a. gen. pl. poss. of b. gen. sg. poss. of c. sg. dir. obj. none d. pl. adverbial by/with/from e. sg. adverbial by/with/from f. sg. subj. none g. pl. dir. obj. none h. pl. indir. obj. to/for i. sg. indir. obj. to/for j. pl. subj. none 7. offici- bonoffici bon of the good service officiç bonç to/for the good service officium bonum the good service officiç bonç by/with/from the good service officium bonum the good service officia bona the good services officiçrum bonçrum of the good services offici s bon s to/for the good services officia bona the good services
10 Answer Key 7 offici s bon s by/with/from the good services 8. a. of the gifts poss. b. of the plan poss. c. to/for/by/with/from leisure indir. obj., adverbial d. to/for/by/with/from the dangers indir. obj., adverbial e. the wars subj., dir. obj., dir. address 9. a. parvus the small field b. mult of much destruction c. malçrum of the evil wars d. pauca few remedies e. bellçs pretty eyes 10. b 11. a 12. c 13. a. we are b. you are c. they/there are d. he/she/it/there is e. I am f. you are 14. d 15. b 16. a. pl. n. nom. subj. b. pl. n. acc. dir. obj. c. sg. n. abl. obj. of prep. d. sg. m. voc. dir. address e. pl. m. nom. pred. nom. A. 1. per culum v rum 2. great leisure 3. evil wars 4. lovely gifts 5. cçnsili stult 6. of the real remedy 7. magnç ÇtiÇ 8. bellum malum 9. dçn s bell s 10. many kisses 11. parvçrum officiçrum 12. to/for/by/with/from much destruction B. 1. Per cula, v ra The dangers today are real. 2. bell, parvum The risk of war is slight. 3. av~r The boy and girl are not greedy. 4. bona Duty and leisure are often good. 5. exitiç Many (men) are thinking about the destruction of the country. C. 1. Bellum saepe est stultum et nçn hãm~num. 2. Ætium nçn semper est bonum. 3. Magister/magistra dçna ant qua amat. 4. Ocul tu sunt bell. 5. Per culum morae est v rum. D. 1. po tam a poet 2. populus the people 3. agricola the farmer 4. cçnsili s for the plans 5. exitium the destruction E. 1. puer RÇm~n the Roman boy's 2. parvç dçnç with the small gift 3. oculçs tuçs your eyes 4. officia mea my duties 5. f minae bonae the good women F. 1. cçnsilium am cae the girlfriend's plan 2. cãra magistrae the teacher's care 3. officium magistr the duty of the teacher 4. f~ma vir the man's reputation 5. sententia f li the son's opinion
11 8 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin A. 1. absence, leisure 2. per culçsus, danger B. 1. care 2. beautiful 3. foolish 4. aid C. 1. b 2. d 3. a A. 1. Oh Romans, delay is often the remedy of/for war. 2. Few men today have true leisure. 3. Give a small kiss to your lovely daughter, my friend! 4. What do you think about me and the destruction of my country? 5. The old gate is not large but it is beautiful. 6. The girl's eyes are pretty. 7. Both the beauty and the number of the roses satisfy the woman. 8. Many wars do not preserve peace. 9. Even peace often has risks. 10. The foolish man praises the evils of war. 11. We should pay attention to our duty without delay. 12. If you do not have a good plan, we are in great danger. 13. The lives of the great/of great men are not without many perils. 14. A teacher's responsibilities are many and important. 15. You are a man of little leisure. B. 1. b 2. d 3. About Friendship CHAPTER re, second 2. -bi-, -b~- 3. -Ç -mus -bç -bimus -bam -b~mus -s -tis -bis -bitis -b~s -b~tis -t -nt -bit -bunt -bat -bant 4. present stem, tense sign, personal endings 5. amç am~mus am~bç am~bimus am~bam am~b~mus am~s am~tis am~bis am~bitis am~b~s am~b~tis amat amant am~bit am~bunt am~bat am~bant 6. I shall love we shall love I was loving, used to love, etc. we were loving, etc. you will love you will love you were loving, kept loving, etc. you were loving, loved, etc. she will love they will love he loved, was loving, etc. they kept loving, etc. 7. d 8. b 9. l ber l berae l ber nostr nostrae nostr l berç l berae l bero nostrç nostrae nostrç l berum l beram l berum nostrum nostram nostrum l berç l ber~ l berç nostrç nostr~ nostrç l ber l berae l bera nostr nostrae nostra l berçrum l ber~rum l berçrum nostrçrum nostr~rum nostrçrum l ber s l ber s l ber s nostr s nostr s nostr s l berçs l ber~s l bera nostrçs nostr~s nostra l ber s l ber s l ber s nostr s nostr s nostr s 10. cael- pulchr-
12 Answer Key 9 cael pulchr of the beautiful sky caelç pulchrç for the beautiful sky caelum pulchrum the beautiful sky caelç pulchrç from the beautiful sky caelum pulchrum the beautiful sky caela pulchra the beautiful skies caelçrum pulchrçrum of the beautiful skies cael s pulchr s for the beautiful skies caela pulchra the beautiful skies cael s pulchr s from the beautiful skies caela pulchra the beautiful skies 11. a. s~nam a healthy youth b. l berum a free spirit c. nostr~rum of our faults A. 1. we shall blame 2. she was remaining 3. they will see 4. we shall overcome 5. I was dining 6. iuv~bç 7. hab bitis 8. err~bat 9. dabimus 10. sati~bant B. 1. super~b~mus We always used to overcome the risks. 2. val bit Wisdom will be strong enough. 3. dab~tis You were often giving the glory to (your) friend. 4. reman bit Then our blame will not remain. 5. err~bunt The girl and the boy will make a mistake tomorrow. 6. Vid bam I kept seeing the teachers yesterday. 7. cçgit~bis When will you think about philosophy? 8. super~bam Therefore, on account of the war I kept defeating you. C. 1. am cus noster our friend 2. agrum pulchrum the beautiful field 3. agricol~s monent they warn the farmers 4. m laud~bat he was praising me 5. verb s mal s with bad words D. 1. fut. she will preserve 2. impf. you were frightening 3. pres. they owe 4. impf. you were calling 5. pres. we are E. 1. Populus RÇm~nus, igitur, cçnsilia bona nostra laud~bat. 2. PaucÇs virçs l berçs in patri~ nostr~ tum serv~bunt. 3. Rosae agricolae saepe sunt parvae sed semper pulchrae. 4. Nauta f minae multa dçna et b~sia dabat. A. 1. c 2. b 3. c 4. b 5. d B. 1. spirit 2. blame 3. cannot be overcome 4. tomorrow A. 1. Therefore, will they praise the reputation of our daughters and sons? 2. Free men will always have a great
13 10 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin number of responsibilities. 3. If your eyes are well today, you should see my beautiful fields without delay. 4. Many men in our beautiful country used to have great leisure and few anxieties. 5. Because of our country's destruction, they were then praising the punishment of the greedy men. 6. Greetings, my friend! When shall we dine? 7. Our teacher praises me and will often praise you. 8. We have, and always will have, many human faults. 9. If you (will) conquer your anger, you will conquer/control yourself. 10. Does your mind have enough (of) wisdom? B. 1. b 2. c 3. b 4. c CHAPTER 6 1. T 2. er- 3. pot-, sum (esse) 4. s- 5. completes 6. a 7. F 8. 1) vid re, 2) sati~re, 3) mon re, 4) reman re, 10) super~re 9. sum I am erç I shall be eram I was es you are eris you will be er~s you were est she is erit he will be erat it was sumus we are erimus we shall be er~mus we were estis you are eritis you will be er~tis you were sunt they are erunt they will be erant they/there were 10. possum I can/am able poterç I shall be able potes you can/are able poteris you will be able potest he/she/it can/is able poterit he/she/it will be able possumus we can/are able poterimus we shall be able potestis you can/are able poteritis you will be able possunt they can/are able poterunt they will be able poteram I could/was able poter~s you could/were able poterat he/she/it could/was able poter~mus we could/were able poter~tis you could/were able poterant they could/were able A. 1. she was 2. poterimus 3. he will be able 4. possum 5. we could/were able 6. poter~s/poter~tis 7. I shall be 8. erit 9. they will be able 10. er~mus B. 1. erant Many books of the Greeks were enduring. 2. erit Your book will be great. 3. sunt Our books are true. 4. possumus We cannot endure the vices of tyrants. 5. poterimus We shall not be able to tolerate bad books. 6. d b mus We should not tolerate your faults.
14 Answer Key poter~s Where were you able to overcome the tyrants? There. C. 1. poterant they were able/could 2. erç I shall be 3. possum I am able/can 4. eritis you will be D. 1. Tyrannum av~rum nunc toler~re nçn potest. Now he cannot tolerate the greedy tyrant. 2. Discipulae vestrae, igitur, cr~s ibi reman re poterunt. Therefore, your students will be able to stay there tomorrow. 3. Potesne vid re librçs discipulçrum bonçrum. Can you see the good students' books? 4. nsidi~s vitiaque tyrann tum super~re poter~mus. Then we were able to overcome the tyrant's treachery and vices. E. 1. GlÇria deçrum GraecÇrum RÇm~nÇrumque erat perpetua. 2. Possuntne, magistrae, discipul vestr nunc esse salv (nunc salv re)? A. 1. vitiçsus, vice, vicious, nsidiçsus, treachery, insidious 2. b 3. b 4. d 5. c 6. b B. 1. perpetual 2. full, power A. 1. Your country will forever be free; therefore, my students, remain there! 2. If you (will) dine now, you will be able to have enough. 3. We must not censure our teacher's sane words, my friend. 4. Were you able, therefore, to stay in your beautiful country? 5. Where there is a despot, men cannot be free. 6. Tyrants will always have many vices. 7. You were able to see the risks of war. 8. You were not tolerating the sailor's treachery yesterday. 9. You must warn the foolish men about the plot. 10. Good and honest books were able to preserve the Greeks' country. B. 1. Po ta Sabidium nçn amat. 2. Po ta nçn potest d cere qu~r. 3. NÇn amç t. 4. The ideas in the first two clauses are essentially repeated in the second two, but in reverse order. 5. It emphasizes the speaker's dislike of Sabidius and his inability to articulate the reasons for his feelings. 6. magnçs animçs, pauc~s culp~s; vitia, remedia 7. d CHAPTER 7 1. d 2. b 3. a 4. m., f., memorize 5. d 6. a. gen. pl. m./f./n. b. dat./abl. pl. m./f./n. c. nom./acc./voc. pl. n. d. nom./acc./voc. pl. m./f. e. gen. sg. m./f./n. f. acc. sg. m./f. g. abl. sg. m./f./n. h. dat. sg. m./f./n. 7. a. Graecam the Greek state b. secundç for a second time c. salv /salvçs the safe kings d. perpetu of enduring love
15 12 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin e. s~nçrum of healthy bodies 8. labçr- vestr-, m. labçris vestr of your labor labçr vestrç to/for your labor labçrem vestrum your labor labçre vestrç by/with/from your labor labçr s vestr your labors labçrum vestrçrum of your labors labçribus vestr s to/for your labors labçr s vestrçs your labors labçribus vestr s by/with/from your labors 9. carmin- nov-, n. carminis nov of the new poem carmin novç to/for the new poem carmen novum the new poem carmine novç by/with/from the new poem carmina nova the new poems carminum novçrum of the new poems carminibus nov s to/for the new poems carmina nova the new poems carminibus nov s by/with/from the new poems 10. a. sg. f. acc. dir. obj. b. pl. m. nom. subj. c. pl. m. acc. obj. of prep. d. pl. n. gen. poss. e. sg. f. abl. obj. of prep. A. 1. hominis l ber of a free man 2. nçmen nostrum our name 3. virginibus RÇm~n s by the Roman maidens 4. carminibus pulchr s for the beautiful poems B. 1. glçria r g nae the queen's glory 2. liber uxçris the wife's book 3. terra tyrann the tyrant's land C. 1. p~cem Therefore, we shall dare to keep the peace. 2. MÇr s, hominum Men's morals today are bad. 3. virtãtem Because of your courage, you dared to stay there yesterday. 4. labçre, virtãs Often there is real virtue in work. 5. carmina, amçre, litter s There are many poems about love in the literature of ancient poets. D. 1. Discipul vitia et mçr s malçs tyrann tum toler~re nçn poterant. 2. Aud bisne nunc, igitur, r gem novum c vit~tis super~re et nec~re? 3. Graec deam in litter s bell s laud~bant. A. 1. a 2. hãm~nus, vir 3. amç, am ca, am cus 4. a 5. a 6. b 7. d B. 1. work 2. dare 3. wife 4. under, earth
16 Answer Key 13 A. 1. Greek literature was full of many poems about the love of maidens and boys. 2. Will they give the letter to the queen and king tomorrow? 3. Because of much work, the bodies of your men were sufficiently healthy. 4. Wherefore/Because of this, after bad times and on account of treachery, we had few men of great virtue there. 5. Where will we see the fools' names? 6. Wealth is nothing without good character. 7. The habits of a good man will be good. 8. In many states and lands peace was not able to flourish. 9. Greedy men will now dare to overcome and assassinate the despots. 10. Love of country always used to prevail in our state. B. 1. Propter amçrem virtãtis Lucr tia s nec~vit. 2. Lucr tia virtãtem am~bat. 3. Po ta Corn liç pulchrum librum novum dabat. 4. c 5. a CHAPTER 8 1. c 2. d mçnstrç, doceç 3. -Ç, -i, -u 4. b 5. d. 6. b 7. d c, dãc, fac, fer 8. a. pres. pl. 1st b. fut. sg. 2nd c. pres. pl. 3rd d. pres. pl. 2nd e. fut. pl. 1st f. pres. sg. 1st g. fut. pl. 3rd h. pres. sg. 3rd i. fut. pl. 2nd j. fut. sg. 1st 9. gerç gerimus geram ger mus ger bam ger b~mus geris geritis ger s ger tis ger b~s ger b~tis gerit gerunt geret gerent ger bat ger bant gere, gerite 10. a. scr bit 3rd sg. pres. b. scr bet 3rd sg. fut. c. scr b bat 3rd sg. impf. d. dãcet 3rd sg. fut. e. dãcit 3rd sg. pres. f. dãc bat 3rd sg. impf. g. ag b~mus 1st pl. impf. h. scr b mus 1st pl. fut. A. 1. Dãc hominem. Lead the man. 2. Fr~tr s doc mus. We teach the brothers. 3. D l bert~te scr bit. He is writing about liberty. 4. Bellum ger bat. He was waging war. 5. D mçnstr~bitis ratiçn s. You will demonstrate the reasons. 6. Tyrannum nec~bit. He will slay the tyrant. 7. GraecÇs vinc b~mus. We were defeating the Greeks. 8. Discipulus cr~s discet. The student will learn tomorrow. 9. Corpora trah bant. They were dragging the bodies. 10. Virgin s her erant salvae. The maidens were safe yesterday. B. 1. laus scr ptçris the writer's praise 2. victçriae r gis the king's victories 3. virtãt s sorçrum the sisters' virtues 4. carmen discipulae the student's poem 5. mçr s r g nae the queen's character C. 1. agit Reason is now leading men from (their) vices to virtue.
17 14 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin 2. Scr be Write nothing about the troops. 3. vincit The goddess of love conquers many (men). 4. trahet Love of praise and victory will always attract men. D. 1. CÇpi~s ad glçriam perpetuam ibi dãcet. 2. C vit~s tyrannç GraecÇ numquam gr~ti~s aget. 3. Am cus novus tuus sorçr meae litter~s scr b bat. 4. Propter labçrem tuum, cçpiam laudis hab bis. A. 1. victçriçsus 2. b 3. b 4. d 5. c 6. a. doctor, teacher b. scr ptor, writer c. victor, conqueror d. d mçnstr~tor, demonstrator B. 1. outside, country 2. write on/in 3. taught 4. written after 5. not, conquered A. 1. Why was the writer then not daring to compose a letter about the plot? 2. On account of the favorable times, we shall be able to have real peace. 3. The farmer and his spouse often used to eat on the ground under the beautiful sky. 4. Where can men now endure a wicked king? 5. Lead the Greek to me, and I shall thank the goddesses. 6. While the tyrant is leading the troops, we can do nothing. 7. Therefore, the new men were thanking our state. 8. The despot will lead huge forces from our state and wage war. 9. Nevertheless, a great abundance of money does not lead men to wisdom. 10. Reason can often lead men from their failings to a good life. B. 1. b 2. a 3. c CHAPTER 9 1. point out 2. speaker, addressee, both 3. nom., gen., dat. 4. c 5. d 6. c 7. gen., dat. 8. c 9. ill us loc of that place ill locç to/for that place illum locum that place illç locç from that place 10. haec studia these studies hçrum studiçrum of these studies h s studi s to/for these studies haec studia these studies h s studi s by/with/from these studies 11. Hic, ill s, ist us, h~s, ist us 12. ill~s, Hic, hunc, H 13. a. neutr us of neither pursuit b. ãn to/for one disease c. alter us another writer's d. sçl to/for praise alone e. utr us of either brother 14. a. nom.; dat. pl.; sg. m.; m./f,/n. those (of yours); to/for that (of yours) b. dat./abl. pl. m./f./n. to/for/by/with/from those (of yours) c. gen. sg. m./f./n. of that (of yours)
18 Answer Key 15 d. abl. sg. m./n. by/with/from that (of yours) e. nom.; dat. pl.; sg. m.; m./f./n. those (men); to/for that (man/woman/thing) f. acc. sg. m. that (man) g. nom. sg. f. this (woman) nom./acc. pl. n. these (things) h. nom./acc. sg. n. this (thing) i. dat. sg. m./f./n. to/for this (man/woman/thing) j. nom. pl. f. those (women) 15. a. gen. sg. m./f./n. of no/none b. abl. sg. m./n. by/with/from any c. dat. sg. m./f./n. to/for all nom. pl. m. all d. nom.; acc. sg. n.; m./n. t he only e. gen. sg. m./f./n. of one f. nom.; dat. pl.; sg. m.; m./f./n. other; to/for another g. nom./acc. sg. n. another h. nom.; dat. pl.; sg. m.; m./f./n. the other; to/for the other i. gen. sg. m./f./n. of either j. nom.; acc. sg. n.; m./n. neither A. 1. these poems 2. that supply 3. to/for this time 4. of this maiden 5. to/for that queen 6. to/for no disease 7. to/for this state only 8. of the whole body 9. of no reason 10. of this name alone 11. nãllum amçrem 12. tçt patriae 13. ãn locç 14. nãllçs fr~tr s 15. aliç librç 16. ill r g sçl 17. illçs mçr s 18. illud studium 19. ill us sorçris sçl us 20. ãn uxçr B. 1. nãll~s For you have no virtues. 2. alia Nevertheless, we shall see other new places tomorrow. 3. ill us The fame of that conquest endures. 4. huius Many passages of this book are full of wisdom. 5. tçt~ On account of that effort (of yours), we used to have peace and freedom in the entire land. C. 1. Ista studia doc re numquam poterant. 2. Nãllus locus utr~rum litter~rum est v rus. 3. Alius am cus f li~bus me s gr~ti~s aget. 4. CÇpi~s nostr~s in illa altera loca saepe dãcere aud b~mus. 5. Bellum novum sine ãll~ ratiçne ger bant. D. 1. ad ali~s c vit~t s to other states 2. ex ill~ terr~ from that land 3. post hanc sorçrem after this sister 4. sub port~ alter~ under the other entrance 5. in alia studia into other studies A. 1. full, zeal, studious 2. b 3. c B. 1. one mind 2. eagerness 3. neither 4. no
19 16 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin A. 1. While those men were waging an exceedingly wicked war, these men dared to lead the state from war to peace. 2. We shall draw much wisdom and virtue from these other new studies. 3. Will love of money overwhelm that greedy man? 4. He will show many things about this man in that book. 5. One man was then leading those forces into this land. 6. The entire country will thank this goddess alone today 7. Therefore, this man alone was able to teach me about the love of poetry and literature. 8. Those foolish men alone see no risks in this plan. 9. You are now daring to praise not only that man's character but even his treachery. 10. For due to the victory of one man this state was flourishing. B. 1. a 2. c 3. b 4. c
20 Answer Key 17 CHAPTER c 3. b 4. T 5. d 6. c 7. a. 3rd disce discite learn b. 2nd doc doc te teach c. 3rd fuge fugite flee d. 4th ven ven te come e. 1st toler~ toler~te endure f. 3rd fac facite make g. 4th inven inven te find h. 3rd d c d cite speak i. 2nd man man te stay j. 3rd trahe trahite drag 8. veniç ven mus veniam veni mus veni bam veni b~mus ven s ven tis veni s veni tis veni b~s veni b~tis venit veniunt veniet venient veni bat veni bant 9. faciç facimus faciam faci mus faci bam faci b~mus facis facitis faci s faci tis faci b~s faci b~tis facit faciunt faciet facient faci bat faci bant A. 1. SorÇr s, inven te viam! Sisters, find a way! 2. Fr~ter, fac officium! Brother, do your duty! 3. CÇpiae, fugite timçrem! Troops, avoid fear! 4. Scr ptor, d c v rit~tem! Writer, tell the truth! 5. Aud ratiçnem, m am ce! Listen to reason, my friend! B. 1. HÇra fugiet. The hour will fly. 2. Dãc nautam. Lead the sailor. 3. GraecÇs capi b~s. You were capturing the Greeks. 4. Ibi v vunt. They live there. 5. Ex vi s veni b~mus. We were coming from the streets. C. 1. v v b~mus We never used to live in that place. 2. invenient These happy brothers will discover the pleasure of friendship in their old age. 3. Fuge Avoid the desire for praise, my friend! 4. facit For victory alone does not always produce freedom. D. 1. Soror altera volupt~tem in studiç n~tãrae invenit. 2. Dum d cimus, hçrae fugiunt. 3. Nautae ad cçpi~s in vi~ ali~ veni bant. A. 1. cupidity, liberty, verity 2. timorçsus, timorous 3. a. aud tiç, audition, listening b. d ctiç, diction, speaking c. inventiç, invention, discovering B. 1. leads, road 2. pleasure 3. come together A. 1. Neither writer was speaking about any cure for/of that disease. 2. Because of their desire for/of money,
21 18 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin those men will be extremely foolish. 3. That one poet was composing many poems about his happy brother. 4. The despot will never be able to seize this entire state. 5. Time flies; the hours fly; old age approaches, but it will not overwhelm me. 6. They were coming into your country with my sisters and brothers. 7. You will not discover your daughter in either state. 8. Since that man is always making war, we shall have no peace. B. 1. CicerÇ erat scr ptor. 2. nihil 3. a 4. c CHAPTER noun, person, speaker 2. c 3. ego I nçs we tã you vçs you me of me nostrum, of us tu of you vestrum, of you nostr vestr mihi to me nçb s to/for us tibi to you vçb s to/for you m me nçs us t you vçs you m by/with/ nçb s by/with/ t by/with/ vçb s by/with/ from me from us from you from you 4. is he ea she id it eius his/of him eius her/of her eius its/of it e to/for him e to/for her e to/for it eum him eam her id it eç by/with/from him e~ by/with/from her eç by/with/from it e, i they eae they ea they eçrum their/of them e~rum their/of them eçrum their/of them e s to/for them e s to/for them e s to/for them eçs them e~s them ea them e s to/for them e s to/for them e s to/for them 5. dem eadem idem e dem, dem eaedem eadem eiusdem eiusdem eiusdem eçrundem e~rundem eçrundem e dem e dem e dem e sdem e sdem e sdem eundem eandem idem eçsdem e~sdem eadem eçdem e~dem eçdem e sdem e sdem e sdem 6. b 7. (5) eam, (7) eç, (13) e~s 8. c 9. F 10. d 11. a. sg. acc. obj. of prep. b. sg. nom. subj. c. sg. gen. poss. d. sg. nom. subj. e. sg. acc. dir. obj. f. sg. dat. indir. obj. g. pl. abl. obj. of prep. h. pl. gen. poss. A. 1. by/with/from us 2. id 3. the same 4. of you 5. to/for me 6. vçb s 7. her/of her 8. (ab) e~ 9. of us/our 10. eundem (virum)
22 Answer Key 19 B. 1. e sdem cçnsulibus to/for the same consuls 2. capita eçrum their heads 3. NÇs intellegent. They will understand us. 4. E~s mitt b~mus. We were sending them. 5. VÇs estis c~rae. You are dear. C. 1. eum The other consul is coming into this country, where I shall see him. 2. e Since that man is greedy, we shall give him no money. 3. nçs We alone are sane; therefore, listen to us only. 4. t Because I love you exceedingly, I shall never be able to live without you. D. 1. eum No one will send supplies to him. 2. mihi Tell me the truth. 3. t Your blessed daughter understood you well. 4. eum I am sending nobody to that consul. E. 1. Eadem puella am ca nçb s (ad nçs) librçs eçrum mittet. 2. F lia c~ra eius cum ãnç am cç in alium locum fugi bat. 3. D~/Date e am citiam tuam/vestram. 4. Id sine cãr~ nçn inveni s/inveni tis. A. 1. c 2. b 3. d 4. d 5. a 6. d B. 1. dear 2. send, out 3. does, well, well A. 1. Do you see that woman? Do you love her? Will you give her that present? 2. However, they will send neither him nor her to me. 3. What do you know about the nature of old age? 4. Oh my brother, dismiss/let go of any desire for money and pursuit of pleasure. 5. This illness was frightening even me; how/what do you feel about it, dear sister? 6. Either friend will give it to you today. 7. My friend, will you flee with me on this road? 8. Their forces will never capture that entire state. 9. They are sending you with me to his/her dear friend. 10. Now he is sending us with you into their land. B. 1. CicerÇ (in hçc locç) d cit. 2. d 3. c 4. a CHAPTER b 2. c 3. a. pres. act. indic. b. pres. act. infin. c. perf. act. indic. d. perf. pass. part. 4. cre~re cre~v cre~tum to create I (have) created (having been) created faciç f c factum I make I (have) made (having been) made mittç mittere missum I send to send (having been) sent inveniç inven re inv n I find to find I (have) found a. am s- b. aud v- c. c p- d. d x- e. fãg- f. intell x- g. s ns- h. v n- i. v x- 7. impf., plupf., fut., fut. perf. 8. ~m s ~m simus ceciderç ceciderimus cre~veram cre~ver~mus ~m sist ~m sistis cecideris cecideritis cre~ver~s cre~ver~tis
23 20 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin ~m sit ~m s runt ceciderit ceciderint cre~verat cre~verant 9. I (have) lost we (have) lost I shall have fallen we shall have fallen you (have) lost you (have) lost you will have fallen you will have fallen he/she/it (has) lost they (have) lost he/she/it will have fallen they will have fallen I had created we had created you had created you had created he/she/it had created they had created 10. c 11. b 12. perfect, imperfect 13. completed A. 1. I had said 2. cre~verint 3. we shall have sent 4. ~m serimus 5. you have come 6. ceciderat 7. they had conquered 8. v distis 9. they (have) called 10. cçgit~veram B. 1. rem~nsit He remained in Asia for a long time. 2. m serint The gods will have sent her to heaven. 3. dederat Caesar had recently given the king freedom. 4. scr psimus We wrote/have written a letter about the nature of friendship. C. 1. Adul scent s cecid runt. The young men have fallen. 2. Pater timçrem ~m serat. The father had lost his fear. 3. Tã viam inv neris. You will have discovered a way. 4. M~ter eius her v nit. His mother came yesterday. 5. Medic diã v xerant. The doctors had lived a long time. D. 1. Etiam post multçs annçs n mç tçtam v rit~tem didicerat. 2. M~ter paterque tuus, m c~re am ce, t bene docu runt. 3. Nihil d cçnsili s ill us cçnsulis d xer~tis. 4. Nec cupidit~t s nec timçr s nostrçs v cerimus. A. 1. d 2. c 3. b 4. d 5. a. cre~tor, one who creates, creator b. cre~tiç, creating/something created, creation B. 1. for 2. harsh 3. fall down 4. mother's A. 1. The same consul, however, was the real head of our country at that time. 2. This physician had written about the diseases of old age and their remedies. 3. Since these harsh men were staying for a long time, those fortunate men never came to Asia. 4. The study of literature has given us many pleasures. 5. Too many young men have fallen and lost their lives on behalf of their country. 6. Because their amicable teacher will instruct the students with patience from the start, they will have learned many things after a little time. 7. That cherished poet always used to create poems with great care. 8. Caesar said the same things about the beginning of that war. 9. You had done even this well. 10. After a few hours they found him in the same place. B. 1. d 2. Pater puellae c~rae fuit Fund~nus. 3. c 4. multam sapientiam 5. d 6. The verbs facit/f cerat are juxtaposed, underscoring the equation between what Diaulus had once done as a physician and what he now does as an undertaker, i.e., bury people! The chiasmus also has the deliberate effect of suspensefully delaying medicus, producing a humorous surprise ending.
24 Answer Key 21 CHAPTER refer, subject, subject, nom. 2. T 3. b 4. number, gender 5. -self 6. T 7. number, gender, case, number, gender 8. gen., dat. 9. d 10. a. t (6) sg. acc. obj. of prep. b. s (7) sg. acc. dir. obj. c. s (8) sg. abl. obj. of prep. 11. a. to/for me/myself b. to/for/by/with/from you/yourselves c. (by/with/from) himself/herself/itself/ themselves d. to/for you/yourself e. (by/with/from) me/myself f. to/for herself/himself/itself/themselves 12. ipse ipsa ipsum ips us ips us ips us ips ips ips ipsum ipsam ipsum ipsç ips~ ipsç A. 1. suum For each man admired his own father. 2. s Caesar, however, had recently allied himself with the same consul. 3. eius Before the war their troops joined themselves with his friends in Asia. 4. ipsa The doctor herself understood much about the onset of the illness. B. 1. M~ter adul scentis e magn~s d viti~s m sit, sed sibi nihil serv~vit. 2. Caesar ipse ante cçpi~s su~s diã ibi st~bat. 3. Medicus, tamen, d s fact sque su s nihil her d xit. C. 1. Vir s culp~v runt. The men blamed themselves. 2. M~ter s culp~verat. The mother had blamed herself. 3. NÇs serv~bimus nçs. We shall save ourselves. 4. CÇnsul s ips nçs laud~bant. The consuls themselves were praising us. 5. SorÇr s sibi dçna dederant. The sisters had given themselves presents. 6. VÇs ipsae facta eçrum laud~tis. You yourselves praise their deeds. 7. F liçs suçs docent. They are teaching their own sons. 8. Pater signum suum v dit. The father saw his own seal. A. 1. fact, sign 2. b 3. c 4. b 5. c 6. c B. 1. nourishment/sustenance 2. joins, with 3. before, war 4. remains through A. 1. In the beginning God created men in his own image. 2. Because he had lost his wealth, the father himself could support neither his (own) daughters nor his sons. 3. That woman felt no fear, but, because of her virtue, she killed herself. 4. Even after many years, no one praises his patience. 5. That educated youth had learned many things through himself and his own effort. 6. On behalf of our country we had given much to Caesar
25 22 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin himself, but we gave ourselves nothing. 7. The queen herself was once head of her own nation in Asia. 8. I love you, my girlfriend, but do you love yourself? B. 1. Hom rus 2. c 3. b 4. d CHAPTER gen., -ium 2. abl., -, -e, nom., acc., voc., -ia, -a 3. c 4. iãs, Çs 5. urb- ant qu-, f. urb s ant quae the old cities urbis ant quae of the old city urbium ant qu~rum of the old cities urb ant quae to/for the old city urbibus ant qu s to/for the old cities urbem ant quam the old city urb s ant qu~s the old cities urbe ant qu~ from the old city urbibus ant qu s from the old cities 6. anim~lia bella the beautiful animals anim~lis bell of the beautiful animal anim~lium bellçrum of the beautiful animals anim~l bellç to/for the beautiful animal anim~libus bell s to/for the beautiful animals anim~l bellum the beautiful animal anim~lia bella the beautiful animals anim~l bellç by/with the beautiful animal anim~libus bell s by/with the beautiful animals 7. vir of the man (v s) of the force virç to/for the man (v ) to/for the force virum the man vim the force virç by/with/from the man v by/with/from the force vir the men v r s strength virçrum of the men v rium of strength vir s to/for the men v ribus to/for strength virçs the men v r s strength vir s by/with/from the men v ribus by/with/from strength 8. c, a, b 9. a, c, b 10. c 11. a. cum c ve accomp. b. morte means c. cum patienti~ manner d. arte means e. mar means f. by law means g. with the citizens accomp. h. with my ears means i. with care manner j. with the doctors accomp. A. 1. cum c ve doctç with the learned citizen 2. factç eius by his act 3. cum patribus eçrum with their fathers 4. e s sign s by these signs 5. parv~rum partium of the small parts B. 1. v s artis the power of art 2. part s urbium parts of the cities 3. mors Caesaris Caesar's death 4. d vitiae m~trum the mothers' riches 5. pr ncipium ann the beginning of the year C. 1. urbium The citizens of those cities were for a long time waging bitter war.
26 Answer Key virtãte They endured death with courage and patience. 3. maria He had sent the young men themselves across the seas. 4. v For they were recently holding the entire city by force. 5. anim~lia The foolish farmer killed his own animals for money. D. 1. Adul scent s ante Caesarem (prç Caesare) cum virtãte stet runt. 2. Puer puellaque in aquam cum am c s (su s) curr bant. 3. Pater s f liamque (suam) pecãni~ su~ alere potest. 4. V s marium eçs her tenuit. 5.Turba tyrannum tr~ns viam et per urbem tr~xit. A. 1. animal, art, part 2. b 3. d 4. a 5. a. a, b. d, c. a B. 1. under water 2. not, avoided, not, changed A. 1. The doctor himself told the whole truth with his own mouth, and I heard his words with my own ears. 2. Because of those clouds and their fear of the sea, the sailors were remaining in Asia. 3. We shall always call ancient Rome a great and beautiful city. 4. Each had changed his own character and was then avoiding those vices (of yours). 5. Kings once held Rome and allied it with other cities. 6. Because the consuls managed the state with great wisdom, we admired them. B. 1. b 2. a 3. Both are examples of chiasmus, designed to emphasize the contrast between the two women and their teeth. 4. b 5. magn~s gr~ti~s CHAPTER cardinals, ordinals 2. b 3. a 4. b 5. du~rum nãbium trium anim~lium du~bus nãbibus tribus anim~libus du~s nãb s tria anim~lia du~bus nãbibus tribus anim~libus 6. a 7. b 8. Asiae, librçrum, RÇm~nÇrum 9. f li s, urbibus 10. b 11. hçr s, temporibus, tempore A. 1. cum sex anim~libus abl. of accomp. 2. satis d viti~rum gen. of the whole 3. in aqu~ abl. obj. of prep. 4. du~bus hçr s abl. of time 5. decem ex c vibus abl. with cardinal numerals 6. multum artis gen. of the whole 7. quattuor ann s abl. of time (within which) 8. viae urbis gen. of poss. 9. parv~ cum cãr~ abl. of manner 10. auribus su s abl. of means B. 1. illç tempore/ill tempor at/for that time 2. Tempest~t s her exspect~v runt. They expected storms yesterday. 3. cum turb~ miser~ with the wretched throng 4. Mortem tim bat. He was afraid of death.
27 24 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin C. 1. eç tempore For those poor men were at that time fearing a storm. 2. c vibus And so they formerly entrusted Rome itself to three of the citizens. 3. iãrum On account of his actions, no one in Italy had sufficient rights. 4. naut~rum Caesar had led his troops across the seas with thousands of sailors. D. 1. Pauc s hçr s ill fortãn~t (vir ) tyrannum ex Itali~ i cerant/ i cerant. 2. DuÇbus cçnsulibus partem urbis committ b~s/committ b~tis. 3. Propter facta eçrum, sex ex ill s vir s am cçs appell~vimus. 4. EÇ/illÇ tempore m lia hçrum c vium d ligent. A. 1. Italy, memory 2. b 3. c 4. commissiç, entrusting, committing 5. m lle 6. a. octç, b. sex, c. v gint, d. duod v gint 7. sextus, septimus, ãndecimus 8. dejected B. 1. five hundred years 2. thrown forth, thrown out, thrown across 3. fear A. 1. Each had sustained himself by the memory of his (another's) good deeds. 2. They ran before the signal through the city's streets and joined (themselves) with the other troops. 3. Since we had no money, we were altering our plans. 4. A hundred of the young men stood before the gate with courage, but they could not avoid the city's destruction. 5. The students always used to admire these learned teachers, because they had among them(selves) much wisdom. 6. Within a few years the Romans had seized that region of Italy. 7. Did you at that time see our father among those other men, my brother? 8. Because she did not love him, the woman threw the poet's gift and his books into the street. B. 1. d 2. b 3. F 4. d CHAPTER abl., - 2. nom. 3. b 4. nom., acc., voc. 5. c, b, a 6. after, d 7. d 8. gen. 9. ment- potent-, f. a powerful mind mentis potentis of a powerful mind ment potent to/for a powerful mind mentem potentem a powerful mind mente potent by/with/from a powerful mind 10. satur- ~cr-, f. saturae ~cr s satur~rum ~crium satur s ~cribus satur~s ~cr s satur s ~cribus 11. anim~l- ingent-, n. anim~lia ingentia
28 Answer Key 25 anim~lis ingentis anim~lium ingentium anim~l ingent anim~libus ingentibus animal ing ns anim~lia ingentia anim~l ingent anim~libus ingentibus 12. a. brev in a short time b. difficilium of difficult skills c. potent s powerful storms d. omn to/for every listener e. dulcium of sweet waters f. dulcem pleasant gentleness g. ~cria fierce seas h. celerium of swift clouds i. fort to/for the brave city j. facilia easy poems A. 1. to/for/by/with/from every sea 2. of all the parts 3. all the names 4. powerful Italy 5. by/with/from every skill 6. of all wars 7. by/with/from powerful Rome 8. of a quick death 9. by/with/from a keen ear 10. all rights 11. to/for every art 12. to/for the sweet girl 13. to/for/by/with/from quick force 14. every mouth 15. of all the kings 16. of the fierce mob B. 1. dulc s Pleasant memories help old age. 2. celer s How fast(-moving) are our times! 3. miserçs, fortium The old man was awaiting his brave sons' two unhappy friends. 4. potentem Thus we shall always call Rome a powerful city. C. 1. Anim~lia ~cria tenu runt. They held the wild animals. 2. Aet~tem brevem tim b~s. You feared a short life. 3. Tr~ns maria difficilia her fãg runt. They fled across the difficult seas yesterday. 4. Mente celer regit. She rules with a quick mind. 5. Fort s cr~s nçn current. The brave (men/women) will not run tomorrow. D. 1. Mult~s memori~s v tae difficilis habuimus. 2. Bellum ~cre omn s c v s brev tempore mãt~verat. 3. Omn s am cçs (tuçs/vestrçs) tribus hçr s exspect~vist /exspect~vistis. 4. V r s in virtãte f minae dulcis/iãcundae inv n runt. A. 1. a. brevit~s shortness brevity b. facilit~s easiness facility 2. c 3. a 4. a 5. a B. 1. not mild 2. all 3. easier 4. all-powerful A. 1. A difficult age, however, can be happy. 2. How brief was her/his sweet life! 3. You will see brave men and women in every land. 4. We overcame the huge risks within a few hours. 5. And so the eager listeners dedicated their minds to the powerful poet. 6. Among friends nothing is too difficult. 7. That courageous man cast the fierce animals from the city's gate. 8. All the fools were avoiding work for an easy life. B. 1. b 2. c 3. d 4. b 5. a 6. c 7. b CHAPTER 17
29 26 Workbook for Wheelock's Latin 1. subordinate, antecedent 2. b 3. gone before 4. c 5. case 6. qu who cuius whose/of whom quçrum whose/of whom cui to/for whom quibus to/for whom quem whom quçs whom quç by/with/from whom quibus by/with/from whom 7. a. m. sg. dat. indir. obj. am ce b. m. sg. abl. obj. of prep. Dionysius c. n. pl. nom. subj. per cula d. n. pl. acc. dir. obj. ea e. m. sg. nom. subj. (he) A. 1. a quick mind which 2. little books which 3. Italy across which 4. with a generosity for which 5. of the listeners among whom 6. at that time after which 7. the satires about which 8. Caesar to whom 9. to/for the young man whose 10. the waters beneath which 11. c vit~s quam 12. f liam cuius 13. maria tr~ns quae 14. libell in quibus 15. soror cui/ad quam 16. c vem qu 17. am cçs quibuscum 18. memoria quae 19. fr~tr s quçs 20. m~tr s quae B. 1. qu~ The age about which you spoke was exceedingly difficult. 2. quçs Where are all the listeners whom you were then awaiting? 3. qu~s They were afraid of the 10 powerful satires which that courageous man had recently composed. 4. cuius I saw there the pleasant mother, whose four unhappy sons had fled from the severe storm. 5. cui Our friend, to whom we had entrusted our sweet daughter, was neglecting her. C. 1. maria tr~ns quae navig~tis the seas across which you are sailing 2. saturam quam recit~vit the satire which he (has) recited 3. urbium qu~s d l verant of the cities that they had destroyed 4. ros s qu~s iaci b~tis with the roses which you were throwing D. 1. Italia est terra bella quam vid re d s derç. Italy is a beautiful land which I desire to see. 2. Illa septem carmina brevia quae ille po ta scr pserat quoque aud re cup v. I also longed to hear those seven short poems which that poet had written. 3. Tyrannus reg bat c vit~tem ad quam navig~re coeper~s. A despot was ruling the state to which you had begun to sail. 4. Magistra discipulçs quçrum m~tr s d ligis nunc admittere incipit. The teacher is now beginning to admit the students whose mothers you admire. E. 1. Tyrannus quem timuimus est malus. 2. Ill~s cçpi~s quibuscum v nist /v nistis in Italiam cito dãc s/dãc tis. 3. Am citiam dulcem quam hab mus d l re incipit. 4. DuÇs (virçs) caecçs quçrum facta erant/fu runt magna negl x runt. 5. Aet~s nova quae nunc incipit erit be~ta. A. 1. a. d l tiç deletion destroying b. inceptiç inception beginning
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Ordinary Moments of Grace To everything there is a time and a season for every purpose under heaven. A time to be born and a time to die. A time to sow and a time to reap. A time to laugh and a time to
Reading: A Wedding Invitation Wheelock: Chapter 18 Introduction This story comes originally from a Greek epic entitled The Cypria (now lost), which was composed by a poet who lived some time after Homer.