6 Amsterdam Treaty came into force - EU legal competence for Justice & Home Affairs - incl. asylum and immigration moved from national to EU competence (from 3 rd to 1 st pillar) - The Tampere Summit political framework for Amsterdam agenda
7 First outcomes from the Amsterdam Treaty - Directive 2003/9/EC legislation setting common minimum standards for asylum seekers reception conditions - Dublin II Regulation EC 343/2003 allocation of responsibility for examining asylum claims
8 Directive 2004/83/EC establishing a common set of criteria for determining eligibility for refugee status and subsidiary forms of protection
9 Directive 2005/85/EC defining minimum standards for asylum procedures
10 Lisbon Treaty aiming for common policy on asylum (art. 78); common procedure and uniform status valid throughout EU - increasing role of CJUE - Charter of Fundamental Rights of EU (2001) entered into force
11 European Council adopted the Stockholm Programme for
12 Directive 2011/95/EU adopted, replacing the first Qualification Directive - First legal instrument of the second phase of CEAS
13 Where are we now? Current legal framework Dublin II Regulation Directive 2003/09/EC Reception Conditions Directive Directive 2004/83/EC Qualification Directive (QD) Directive 2011/95/EU Directive 2005/85/EC Asylum Procedures Directive (APD)
14 Asylum Procedures: Directive 2005/85/EC Aim: to establish minimum standards for asylum procedures APD provided a set of minimum safeguards for asylum seekers in the mainstream asylum procedure Right to an effective remedy against negative first instance decisions. However admitted wide exceptions and derogations from basic rights Lack of guarantee of suspensive effect of appeals Personal interview may be denied in several procedures Accelerated procedures with reduced safeguards for wide categories of cases
15 CJEU case-law Samba Diouf v. Ministre du Travail, de l'emploi et de l'immigration (Luxembourg), Case C-69/10,, 28 July Questions posed by the Administrative Court: 1. Is Article 39 of Directive 2005/85/EC to be interpreted as precluding national rules ( ) pursuant to which an applicant for asylum does not have a right to appeal to a court against the administrative authority's decision to rule on the merits of the application for international protection under the accelerated procedure?
16 2. If the answer [to the first question] is in the negative, is the general principle of an effective remedy under Community law, prompted by Articles 6 and 13 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of 4 November 1950, to be interpreted as precluding national rules ( ), pursuant to which an applicant for asylum does not have a right to appeal to a court against the administrative authority's decision to rule on the merits of the application for international protection under the accelerated procedure?
17 How did the CJEU answer? 42. The decisions against which an applicant for asylum must have a remedy under Article 39(1) of Directive 2005/85 are those which entail rejection of the application for asylum for substantive reasons or, as the case may be, for formal or procedural reasons which preclude any decision on the substance. 43. It follows that decisions that are preparatory to the decision on the substance or decisions pertaining to the organisation of the procedure are not covered by that provision.
18 The compatibility of rules such as those at issue in the main proceedings with the right to an effective judicial remedy 55. The decision relating to the procedure to be applied for the examination of the application for asylum, viewed separately and independently from the final decision which grants or rejects the application, is a measure preparatory to the final decision on the application. 56. Accordingly, the absence of a remedy at that stage of the procedure does not constitute an infringement of the right to an effective remedy, provided, however, that the legality of the final decision adopted ( ) may be the subject of a thorough review by the national court, within the framework of an action against the decision rejecting the application.
19 Asylum Procedures Recast (June 2011) What s new? New provisions enhancing access to the procedure Information on the possibility to request international protection Clear reasons for decisions, even in case of positive decisions Less grounds for omitting personal interviews Effective remedies in principle, suspensive effect mus apply OR al leasta right to request suspensive effect
20 Art. 39/5 and 6 APD Recast ( ) Member States shall allow applicants to remain in the territory until the time limit within which to exercise their right to an effective remedy has expired or, when this right has been exercised within the time limit, pending the outcome of the remedy. In the case of a decision to consider an application unfounded ( ) or of a decision to consider an application inadmissible ( ) and where, in such cases, the right to remain in the Member State pending the outcome of the remedy is not foreseen under national legislation, a court or tribunal shall have the power to rule whether or not the applicant may remain on the territory of the Member State, either upon request of the concerned applicant or acting on its own motion.
21 Reception Conditions: Directive 2003/9/EC InfAim: lay down common minimum standards for reception of asylum seekers. Member States required to provide: Information on rights Documentation which certificates legal stay Freedom of mouvement / residence within MS, subjected to limits Family unit Education Employment, if no decision after 12 months Necessary health care and material conditions (housing, subsistance, etc.)
22 CJEU Case-law Application, throughout the duration of the procedure for taking charge of them or for taking them back by that other Member State? CIMADE and GISTI v. Ministry of Interior (France), Case C-179/11, pending. Main question posed by the Conseil d Etat: Does Council Directive 2003/9/EC of 27 January 2003  guarantee the minimum reception conditions to which it refers to applicants in respect of whom a Member State in receipt of an application for asylum decides, under Council Regulation (EC) No 343/2003 of 18 February 2003,  to refer a request to another Member State which it deems to have jurisdiction to examine that asylum.
23 Opinion of the Advocate-General Sharpston (delivered on 15 May 2012) Asylum seekers under Dublin II Regulation cannot be excluded.
24 Reception Conditions Recast (June 2012) What s new? Closer regulation of detention Grounds for detention defined Proportionality test Specialised detention facilities Judicial review of the detention (after 72 hours and at reasonable intervals) Earlier access to the labour market (after 6 months) Higher levels of material assistance for asylum seekers
25 Qualification Directive Actual reference: Directive 2004/83/EC Aim: to establish a common set of criteria for determining eligibility for refugee status and subsidiary protection. QD incorporates the Geneva Convention definition into EU law Art. 2/c: «refugee» means a third country national who, owing to a wellfounded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinion or membership of a particular social group, is outside the country of nationality and is unable or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself or herself of the protection of that country, or a stateless person, who, being outside of the country of former habitual residence for the same reasons as mentioned above, is unable or, owing to such fear, unwilling to return to it.
26 QD creates an obligation to grant subsidiary protection falling out the scope of the refugee definition, but in need of international protection: Art. 15: Protection of persons at real risk o Death penalty or execution; o Torture or inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment of an applicant in the country of origin; OR o Serious and individual threat to a civilian's life or person by reason of indiscriminate violence in situations of international or internal armed conflict.
27 QD defines the content of the protected status Refugees generally entitled to 1951 Convention rights Subsidiary protection beneficiaries: o shorter duration of residence permit o Social assistance may be limited to core benefits
28 CJEU case-law Elgafaji v. Staatssecretaris van Justitie, C-465/07, 17 February Art 15/c) protection from generalized violence Is there a need to show individual threat?
29 The Court answered that people fleeing indiscriminate violence in armed conflicts must show individual threat to varying degree, depending on the level of violence.
30 The existence of such a threat can exceptionally be considered to be established where the degree of indiscriminate violence characterising the armed conflict taking place reaches such a high level that substantial grounds are shown for believing that a civilian, returned to the relevant country or, as the case may be, to the relevant region, would, solely on account of his presence on the territory of that country or region, face a real risk of being subject to that threat.
31 Z & Y (Germany), C-71/11 and C-99/11, 5 September Main question posed was about persecution on religious grounds. If the person concerned can profess her/his religion in the areas of the home and neighborhood, can we consider she/he being subjected to persecution?
32 The Court answered that: Persecution on religious grounds must be a severe violation of religious freedom having a significant effect on the person concerned. Severity is not to be assessed by distinguishing if there is interference with core areas ( forum internum ) of the basic right to freedom of religion, or with religious activities in public ( forum externum ) There may be an act of persecution as a result of interference with external manifestations of religious freedom.
33 It is the severity of the measures and sanctions adopted or liable to be adopted against the person concerned which will determine whether a violation of the religious freedom constitutes persecution, taking in account subjective and objective circumstances.
34 B & D (Germany), Cases C-57/09 and C-101/09, 9 November 2010 Main question posed: Exclusion clause: serious non-political crimes Does it constitute a serious non-political crime or an act contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations ( ) if : o the person seeking asylum was a member of an organisation which is included in the list of persons, groups and entities annexed to the Common Position [2001/931] and employs terrorist methods, and the appellant has actively supported that organisation s armed struggle? (Case C-57/09)
35 o a foreign national was for many years involved as a combatant and an official including for a time as a member of its governing body in an organisation (in this case, the PKK) which repeatedly employed terrorist methods in the armed struggle waged against the State (in this case, Turkey) and is included in the list of persons, groups and entities annexed to the Common Position [2001/931], and the foreign national thereby actively supported its armed struggle in a prominent position? (Case C )
36 The Court answered that being membership of a terrorist organisation without more does not justify exclusion necessary assessment on a case-by-case basis of the specific facts
37 Abdulla (Germany), Cases C 175/08, C 176/08, C 178/08 and C 179/08, 2 March 2010 Main question posed: Cessation of refugee status What are the evidential standards to be applied in these circumstances?
38 The Court answered that cessation was applicable in case of significant, lasting change in country of origin, with existence of an operational legal system for the detection, prosecution and punishment of acts constituting persecution.
39 Qualification Directive Recast What s new? Clarification of concepts as actors of protection, internal protection and membership of a particular social group, in particular as regards gender-related aspects of persecution; Best interest of the child to be taken in account when assessing asylum applications Approximation of the rights of refugees and beneficiaries of subsidiary protection with regard to family unit, access to employment and health care but not regarding the duration of residence permits.
Relationship between asylum procedures and extradition procedures Committee of Experts on the Operation of European Conventions on Co-operation in Criminal Matters (PC-OC) Strasbourg, France 29 May 2013
General Scheme for the drafting of the International Protection Bill ARRANGEMENT OF HEADS PART 1 - PRELIMINARY Head 1: Short title and commencement Head 2: Interpretation Head 3: Regulations Head 4: Expenses
COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 13 July 2012 12202/12 Interinstitutional File: 2008/0243 (COD) LIMITE ASILE 102 CODEC 1839 NOTE from: Presidency to Permanent Representatives Committee (Part II)
This is an unofficial translation. LAW OF TURKMENISTAN ON REFUGEES The present Law determines the procedure and the condition of the recognition of the persons as refugees, their legal status, establishes
A Common European Asylum System Home Affairs Europe Direct is a service to help you find answers to your questions about the European Union. Freephone number (*): 00 800 6 7 8 9 10 11 (*) The information
1 Unofficial translation LAW OF UKRAINE on Refugees and Persons in need of Сomplementary orтemporary Protection in Ukraine This Law shall determine the procedure for regulation of social relations in the
Unofficial translation NATIONAL ASSEMBLY DECREE No. 162 Pursuant to Article 98, subparagraph 4 of the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria, I DECREE: that the Law on Asylum and Refugees, as adopted
Tables of Cases Table of Treaties and Other International and Regional Instruments Selected Abbreviations Online Resource Centre xxv xliii xlix lv Chapter 1 The Refugee in International Law 1 1. Introduction
Goettingen Journal of International Law 4 (2012) 1, 217-262 European Asylum Law and the ECHR: An Uneasy Coexistence Laurens Lavrysen Table of Contents A. Introduction... 219 B. Fundamental Rights and the
ACCESS TO AN EFFECTIVE REMEDY IN EUROPEAN ASYLUM PROCEDURES Marcelle Reneman* Introduction Under international law it is well established that asylum seekers who claim that their expulsion to their country
53/2015-20 March 2015 Asylum in the EU The number of asylum applicants in the EU jumped to more than 625 000 in 2014 20% were Syrians Over a year, the number of asylum applicants 1 registered in the European
FINNISH IMMIGRATION SERVICE From immigration to citizenship a leading expert, partner and service specialist www.migri.fi Organisation Director General Leading immigration expert Other authorities handling
The Humanitarian Charter Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Humanitarian Response The Humanitarian Charter provides the ethical and legal backdrop to the Protection Principles and the Core Standards
EASO SPECIAL SUPPORT PLAN TO CYPRUS Luxembourg, 05 June 2014 1 Hereby the Executive Director of EASO and the Minister of Interior of Cyprus agree on the EASO Special Support Plan for the provision of technical
OAU CONVENTION GOVERNING THE SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REFUGEE PROBLEMS IN AFRICA Adopted on 10 September 1969 by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government. CAB/LEG/24.3. It entered into force on 20 June
BASIC IMMIGRATION LAW Introduction Under immigration law, anyone not having a right of abode in the UK is subject to immigration control and can only live, work and settle in the UK by permission (Section
STATUTORY INSTRUMENTS 2006 No. 1003 IMMIGRATION The Immigration (European Economic Area) Regulations 2006 Made - - - - - 30th March 2006 Laid before Parliament 4th April 2006 Coming into force - - 30th
EU s Asylum Policy and the Danish Justice and Home Affairs Opt-Out Marlene Wind, Professor and Director of Centre for European Politics, Department of Political Science, University of Copenhagen Professor
CALL FOR EVIDENCE ON THE GOVERNMENT S REVIEW OF THE BALANCE OF COMPETENCES BETWEEN THE UNITED KINGDOM AND THE EUROPEAN UNION Police and Criminal Justice LEGAL ANNEX Section 1: Development of the EU s competence
COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION Brussels, 17 December 2003 (OR. en) Interinstitutional File: 2002/0043 (CNS) 14994/03 MIGR 101 LEGISLATIVE ACTS AND OTHER INSTRUMTS Subject : Council Directive on the residence
EQUAL TREATMENT IN EMPLOYMENT [S.L.452.95 1 SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION 452.95 EQUAL TREATMENT IN EMPLOYMENT REGULATIONS 5th November, 2004 LEGAL NOTICE 461 of 2004, as amended by Legal Notices 53 and 338 of
82/2015-12 May 2015 Asylum decisions in the EU EU Member States granted to more than 185 000 asylum seekers in 2014 Syrians remain the main beneficiaries This News Release has been revised on 21 May following
GREEK ACTION PLAN ON ASYLUM AND MIGRATION MANAGEMENT EXECUTIVE SUMMARY The Greek Government is establishing an effective, humane oriented response to the current migration challenges including the need
LAW OF GEORGIA ON INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS Last amended 9 June 2006 The Law of Georgia on Internally Displaced Persons is based on the Constitution and internationally recognised principles of international
Non-exhaustive list of issues and questions to facilitate preparations for the bilateral meeting with Turkey in the area of Chapter 24 Justice, freedom and security Migration/ Asylum - Which are currently
Senast uppdaterad: 2015-09-28 Swedish Migration Agency Information for asylum seekers in Sweden Till dig som söker asyl i Sverige Engelska www.migrationsverket.se 1 Information for asylum seekers in Sweden
EN EN EN COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Proposal for a Brussels, COM(2008) 815 2008/xxxx (COD) DIRECTIVE OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL laying down minimum standards for the reception
TREATY OF AMSTERDAM TREATY OF AMSTERDAM Tool Box II: The Instruments»»» CONSOLIDATED VERSION OF THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION TITLE I: COMMON PROVISIONS Article By this Treaty, the HIGH CONTRACTING PARTIES
Ad-Hoc Query on the international protection granted/rejected to the Pakistani nationals and their return to their country of origin Requested by SK EMN NCP on 19 th May 2009 Compilation produced on 15
Refugees around the World and in Turkey UNHCR Istanbul Field Office Refugees around the World General Refugees around the World General Refugees around the World Syria Refugees around the World The Syrian
CONVENTION GOVERNING THE SPECIFIC ASPECTS OF REFUGEE PROBLEMS IN AFRICA PREAMBLE We, the Heads of State and Government assembled in the city of Addis Ababa, from 6-10 September 1969, 1. Noting with concern
PARLIAMENT OF ROMANIA Chamber of Deputies Senate LAW No. 302 of 28 June 2004 on international judicial co-operation in criminal matters as amended and supplemented by Law No. 224/2006 TITLE I GENERAL PROVISIONS
Übersetzung durch den Sprachendienst des Bundesministeriums des Innern Translation provided by the Language Service of the Federal Ministry of the Interior Stand: Die Übersetzung berücksichtigt die Änderung(en)
TREATY OF AMSTERDAM AMENDING THE TREATY ON EUROPEAN UNION, THE TREATIES ESTABLISHING THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES AND CERTAIN RELATED ACTS INTRODUCTORY NOTE This publication reproduces the text of the Treaty
Guidelines on Family Reunification NGO Platform EU Migration and Asylum Policy 19-20 May 2014 Brussels Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament and the Council on guidance for application
THE EUROPEAN CONVENTION ON HUMAN RIGHTS, THE EU CHARTER OF FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS AND THE EUROPEAN COURT OF JUSTICE The impact of European Union accession to the European Convention on Human Rights by Francis
19 June 2014 1100 hrs 116/2014 World Refugee Day: 2014 Last year 24 boats arrived in Malta with 2,008 irregular immigrants, the highest number since 2008. An increase of 6.2 per cent was recorded in the
Compensation International framework Marjan Wijers Why? Legal basis International human rights law ECrtHR, Rantsev vs Russia and Cyprus (2010): trafficking falls within the scope of Art. 4 ECHR without
Section 11 The concept of first country of asylum Introduction: international standards Application in law and practice Criteria for designating a country as a first country of asylum The notion of sufficient
Immigration and Refugee Protection Act ( 2001, c. 27 ) Disclaimer: These documents are not the official versions (more). Act current to December 10th, 2006 Attention: See coming into force provision and
[Unofficial English translation] Webpage, 111220009, 20/12/2011 Registration Code 010170000.05.001.016513 Law of Georgia on Refugee and Humanitarian Status This law is based on the Constitution of Georgia,
SINGLE APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR A SINGLE PERMIT AS FOR THOSE THIRD-COUNTRY WORKERS LEGALLY RESIDING IN MALTA [S.L.217.17 1 SUBSIDIARY LEGISLATION 217.17 SINGLE APPLICATION PROCEDURE FOR A SINGLE PERMIT
WHO DOES SPAIN OFFER INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION TO? To refugees, namely those with a well-founded fear of being persecuted in their country for reasons of race, religion, nationality, political opinions,
Human Rights Act 1998 (c. 42) 1 SCHEDULES SCHEDULE 1 Section 1(3). THE ARTICLES PART I THE CONVENTION RIGHTS AND FREEDOMS ARTICLE 2 RIGHT TO LIFE 1 Everyone s right to life shall be protected by law. No
EUROPEAN UNION THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT THE COUNCIL Brussels, 7 February 2014 (OR. en) 2010/0210 (COD) PE-CONS 113/13 MIGR 125 SOC 922 CODEC 2518 LEGISLATIVE ACTS AND OTHER INSTRUMTS Subject: DIRECTIVE OF
/unofficial translation/ LAW OF THE REPUBLIC OF GEORGIA ON CITIZENSHIP OF GEORGIA Citizenship is the stable legal relationship of a person with the state which is expressed in the totality of their mutual
FEDERAL ADMINISTRATIVE COURT BVerwG 10 C 13.10 VGH 13a B 08.30285 IN THE NAME OF THE PEOPLE JUDGMENT In the administrative case Translator's Note: The Federal Administrative Court, or Bundesverwaltungsgericht,
Universal Declaration of Human Rights Preamble Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice
Relationship of the Charter to the ECHR and national human rights provisions The Charter of Fundamental Rights ERA Training Seminar Dr Tobias Lock Lecturer School of Law firstname.lastname@example.org Outline Introduction:
L 122/28 Official Journal of the European Union 16.5.2009 DIRECTIVE 2009/38/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 6 May 2009 on the establishment of a European Works Council or a procedure
- Case 2 (Practical Case-solving in European Law), page 1 - BALTISCH-DEUTSCHES HOCHSCHULKONTOR Spring Semester 2010 Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmitz. PRACTICAL CASE-SOLVING IN EUROPEAN LAW Case 2 (facts of the
REFUGEES: HUMAN RIGHTS HAVE NO BORDERS Conclusions and Recommendations 1997 Refugee Theme Campaign Over the past decade widespread disregard for human rights has caused one refugee crisis after another.
European Asylum Support Office EASO Training Curriculum March 2014 SUPPORT IS OUR MISSION European Asylum Support Office EASO Training Curriculum March 2014 SUPPORT IS OUR MISSION Europe Direct is a service
Act CLXV of 2013 on Complaints and Public Interest Disclosures The National Assembly, committed to increasing public confidence in the functioning of public bodies, recognising the importance of complaints
Freedom to Provide Services Henriette Boecken Table of Contents A. Freedom to Provide Services, Art. 56 TFEU B. Case: Bundesdruckerei vs. Stadt Dortmund C. Opinions on the Issue D. Situation in Germany
EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS : QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS REGISTRY OF THE COURT 2 WHAT IS THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS? T he European Court of Human Rights is an international court based in Strasbourg.
2 The United Nations and Palestinian Refugees The United Nations and Palestinian Refugees In December 1949, the United Nations General Assembly established the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for
THE 1951 CONVENTION relating to the Status of Refugees AND ITS 1967 PROTOCOL UNHCR / B. Bannon / ken 2011 Cover : Kenya: Somali refugee women. For more information about: UNHCR and its work on refugees
RESOLUTION Protection and Integration of Young Refugees in Europe COUNCIL OF MEMBERS/ EXTRAORDINARY GENERAL ASSEMBLY MADRID, SPAIN, 27-28 NOVEMBER 2015 1 Introduction The on-going war in Syria since 2011
IRISH REFUGEE COUNCIL COMMENTS ON THE GENERAL SCHEME OF THE INTERNATIONAL PROTECTION BILL Executive Summary May 2015 1 Executive Summary The Irish Refugee Council (IRC) welcomes the opportunity to provide
ROADMAP TOWARDS A VISA-FREE REGIME WITH TURKEY A. The Dialogue Within the broader dialogue and cooperation framework between the EU and its Member States and Turkey in Justice and Home Affairs matters,
United Nations International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance Distr.: General 13 March 2014 Original: English CED/C/MNE/1 Committee on Enforced Disappearances Consideration
CONSIDERING HUMAN RIGHTS CLAIMS Table of Contents Introduction Application of this instruction in respect of children and those with children European Convention on Human Rights - Background Human Rights
STATE OF TENNESSEE OFFICE OF THE ATTORNEY GENERAL November 30, 2015 Opinion No. 15-77 Authority of the State of Tennessee to Refuse Resettlement of Refugees Question 1 May the legislative branch or the
Minister Shatter presents Presidency priorities in the JHA area to European Parliament 22 nd January 2013 The Minister for Justice, Equality and Defence, Alan Shatter TD, today presented the Irish Presidency
NB: Unofficial translation Ministry of the Interior, Finland Nationality Act (359/2003) Chapter 1 General provisions Section 1 Scope of application and purpose This Act lays down provisions on the requirements
Turkey s progress on the visa liberalisation roadmap 4 May 2016 The European Commission is today proposing to the Council of the European Union and the European Parliament to lift the visa requirements
5. IRREGULAR MIGRATION, HUMAN TRAFFICKING AND REFUGEES Irregular migration poses multiple challenges to countries of origin, transit and destination, as well as to migrants themselves. Migrants in irregular
Fact sheet 2 Overview of the Extradition Process This fact sheet is information, not legal advice This fact sheet provides general information only. It does not give legal advice on the operation of the
COMMISSION OF THE EUROPEAN COMMUNITIES Brussels, COMMUNICATION FROM THE COMMISSION TO THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT, THE COUNCIL, THE EUROPEAN ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL COMMITTEE AND THE COMMITTEE OF REGIONS POLICY
Guide to EU decision-making and justice and home affairs after the Treaty of Lisbon by Steve Peers, Professor of Law, University of Essex with additional material by Tony Bunyan A Statewatch publication
European Court of Human Rights Questions & Answers Questions & Answers What is the European Court of Human Rights? These questions and answers have been prepared by the Registry of the Court. The document
6. MY RIGHTS AS A MIGRANT OR REFUGEE Do migrant children have the same rights as other children in Ireland? If you or your parents have come to Ireland from another country, you will be known as migrants.
LAW ON MUTUAL ASSISTANCE IN CRIMINAL MATTERS I GENERAL PROVISIONS Subject and Application of the Law Article 1 This Law shall govern mutual assistance in criminal matters (hereinafter: mutual assistance)
REFERENCE GUIDE ON PROTECTING THE RIGHTS OF CHILD VICTIMS OF TRAFFICKING IN EUROPE Chapter 10 Individual Case Assessment and Identification of a Durable Solution 10.1 General principles Child victims should
BASIC GUIDE FOR APPLICANTS TAKING THEIR CASE TO THE EUROPEAN COURT OF HUMAN RIGHTS This document is a basic guide to the rights protected by the European Convention on Human Rights and the operation of
ORGANISATION FOR ECONOMIC CO-OPERATION AND DEVELOPMENT IMPROVING THE RESOLUTION OF TAX TREATY DISPUTES (Report adopted by the Committee on Fiscal Affairs on 30 January 2007) February 2007 CENTRE FOR TAX
ALDE BLUEPRINT FOR A NEW EUROPEAN AGENDA ON MIGRATION In recent years there have been regular reminders that the EU asylum and migration system is not fit for purpose and needs a fundamental rethink. The
5.6.2015 L 141/19 REGULATION (EU) 2015/848 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 20 May 2015 on insolvency proceedings (recast) THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMT AND THE COUNCIL OF THE EUROPEAN UNION, Having
Arab Charter on Human rights Adopted in Cairo on 15 September 1994, translated from Arabic The Governments of the member States of the League of Arab States Preamble Given the Arab nation's belief in human
Sportello Unico per l Immigrazione di INTEGRATION AGREEMENT between the State, in the person of the Prefect of and Mr. / Mrs. / Miss Preamble Integration, meaning a process designed to promote the coexistence
Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Human Rights, Terrorism and Counter-terrorism Fact Sheet No. 32 NOTE The designations employed and the presentation of the material in this
ACT No 404/2011 of 21 October 2011, on Residence of Aliens and Amendment and Supplementation of Certain Acts National Council of the Slovak Republic has adopted the following Act: Section. I PART ONE BASIC
THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT: ELECTORAL PROCEDURES The procedures for electing the European Parliament are governed both by European legislation defining rules common to all Member States and by specific national
Welcome to Luxembourg Information guide for third party country nationals & their families A similar brochure exists for the EU citizens (amended law on immigration of 19 August 2008 concerning the free