What is abnormal psychology? Abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the study disordered behavior. What is a clinical scientist?

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1 What is abnormal psychology? Abnormal psychology is the field devoted to the study disordered behavior. What is a clinical scientist? A clinical scientist is psychologist responsible for gathering data about abnormal behavior. What is a clinical practitioner? A clinical practitioner is an applied psychologist who uses collected data to help the disordered. What are the four "D's" of abnormality? The four "D's" are the four most common indicators of abnormal behavior, deviance, distress, dysfunction, and danger.

2 What is deviant behavior? Deviant behavior is any behavior that violates a social or cultural norm. What is a norm? A norm is an implicit of explicit rule for appropriate behavior which is established by the group. What is culture? Culture includes the history, traditions, rules, values, institutions, habits, skills, technologies and language of a group. What is distress? Distress is the feeling of trauma or anxiety that is associated with the abnormal behavior.

3 What is dysfunction? Dysfunction is the interruption of daily activities that is associated with abnormal behavior. What is danger? Danger is the pattern of behavior that is marked by carelessness, poor judgment, or hostility which can jeopardize one's well being. Who is Thomas Szasz? Thomas Szasz is a psychologist who suggests that mental illness is a myth? What is eccentricity? Eccentricities are behaviors which a society judges to be odd but continues to tolerate.

4 What is treatment? Treatment is a set of procedures designed to help control of change abnormal behavior. What is therapy? Therapy is treatment, including systematic processes for helping a person overcome psychological difficulties. What is a patient? The term patient is used by a clinician who believes that abnormal behaviors are caused by illnesses. What is a client? The term client is used by a Clinician who believes that abnormal behavior is the result of maladaptive thinking.

5 What is schizophrenia? Schizophrenia is a group of biological disorders where a person loses their sense of reality. What is trephination? Trephination is the act of cutting into a person's skull with a primitive instrument. What is exorcism? Exorcism is a rite or ceremony designed to drive an evil spirit from a person's body? What is a shaman? A shaman is a person who has the responsibility of driving an evil spirit from a person or environment.

6 What is melancholia? Melancholia is the condition marked by unshakable sadness. What is mania? Mania is the condition marked by a state of euphoria and frenzied activity. What is dementia? Dementia is a state of general cognitive and intellectual decline What is hysteria? Hysteria is the state of physical ailment with no apparent physical cause.

7 What is a delusion? A delusion is a belief that blatantly has no basis in reality. What is a hallucination? A hallucination is a condition where a person experiences things that have no basis in reality. What are humors? During the Middle Ages, the humors where considered to be four liquids that existed in the body. What were the four humors? The four humors were yellow bile, black bile, phlegm, and blood.

8 What is mass madness? Mass madness is where a large number of people apparently share the same delusions and hallucinations. What was tarantism? Tarantism was a form of mania where large groups of people would suddenly start dancing around and have convulsions. What was lycanthropy? Lycanthropy was an early disorder where people though that they were possessed by wolves or other animals. What was an asylum? An asylum was an institution where people with metal illnesses were sent to be treated.

9 Who was Philippe Pinel? Philippe Pinel was a nineteenth century mental health reformer. What was moral treatment? Moral treatment refers to the humane and ethical methods of treatment which were espoused by Philippe Pinel and other reformers. Who was Dorethea Dix? Dorethea Dix was a Boston school teacher who campaigned for improved treatment of patients in mental hospitals in the nineteenth century. What is the somatogenic perspective? The somatogenic perspective is the idea that psychological pathology is a product of physical

10 What is the psychogenic perspective? The psychogenic perspective is the idea that pathological behavior is the product of psychological functioning. What is private psychotherapy? Private psychotherapy is the arrangement where a person directly pays a psychologists for therapy services. What is a psychiatrist? A psychiatrist is a medical doctor who is trained in the chemical structures and balances in the brain. What is a clinical psychologist? A clinical psychologist is a doctor of psychology who practices clinical treatment.

11 What is hypnotism? Hypnotism is the inducing of a trance like state in which a person becomes suggestible. Who was Fredrick Anton Mesmer? Fredrick Anton Mesmer was a controversial figure who used a very unorthodox treatment method to treat patients. What is psychoanalysis? Psychoanalysis was established by Sigmund Freud and suggests that abnormality is psychogenic and influenced by subconscious and dynamic factors in the mind. Who was Sigmund Freud? Sigmund Freud was the founder of psychoanalysis and the psychodynamic perspective.

12 What is outpatient therapy? Outpatient therapy is the psychoanalytic treatment system where a patient meets with the therapist for a short time and then goes home. What are psychotropic medications? Psychotropic medications tend to alleviate symptoms of abnormality by affecting chemistry in the brain. What is deinstitutionalization? Deinstitutionalization is the movement of releasing many individuals from public mental health hospitals due to the relief they receive from drug therapies. What is the community mental health approach? Community mental health focuses more on prevention and wellness than private treatment.

13 Who was Hippocrates? Hippocrates is often called the father of modern medicine and was an early proponent of discovering physical causes of mental disorders. What was phrenology? Phrenology, established by Franz Joseph Gall, was the pseudo science that suggested bumps on the skull were related to specific psychological characteristics.

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