Autism and Intellectual Disabilities

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Autism and Intellectual Disabilities"

Transcription

1 Autism and Intellectual Disabilities (DSM IV & V) Accessibility Politecnico di Milano

2 Autism (I) A total of six (or more) items from (A), (B), and (C), with at least two from (A), and one each from (B) and (C) (A) qualitative impairment in social interaction, as manifested by at least two of the following: 1. marked impairments in the use of multiple nonverbal behaviors such as eye-to-eye gaze, facial expression, body posture, and gestures to regulate social interaction 2. failure to develop peer relationships appropriate to developmental level 3. a lack of spontaneous seeking to share enjoyment, interests, or achievements with other people, (e.g., by a lack of showing, bringing, or pointing out objects of interest to other people) 4. lack of social or emotional reciprocity ( note: in the description, it gives the following as examples: not actively participating in simple social play or games, preferring solitary activities, or involving others in activities only as tools or "mechanical" aids )

3 Autism (I) A total of six (or more) items from (A), (B), and (C), with at least two from (A), and one each from (B) and (C). (B) qualitative impairments in communication as manifested by at least one of the following: 1. delay in, or total lack of, the development of spoken language (not accompanied by an attempt to compensate through alternative modes of communication such as gesture or mime) 2. in individuals with adequate speech, marked impairment in the ability to initiate or sustain a conversation with others 3. stereotyped and repetitive use of language or idiosyncratic language 4. lack of varied, spontaneous make-believe play or social imitative play appropriate to developmental level

4 Autism (I) A total of six (or more) items from (A), (B), and (C), with at least two from (A), and one each from (B) and (C). (C) restricted repetitive and stereotyped patterns of behavior, interests and activities, as manifested by at least two of the following: 1. encompassing preoccupation with one or more stereotyped and restricted patterns of interest that is abnormal either in intensity or focus 2. apparently inflexible adherence to specific, nonfunctional routines or rituals 3. stereotyped and repetitive motor mannerisms (e.g hand or finger flapping or twisting, or complex whole-body movements) 4. persistent preoccupation with parts of objects

5 Autism (II) Delays or abnormal functioning in at least one of the following areas, with onset prior to age 3 years: (A) social interaction (B) language as used in social communication (C) symbolic or imaginative play (III) The disturbance is not better accounted for by Rett's Disorder or Childhood Disintegrative Disorder

6 Mental Retardation Intellectual Disabilities The term "Mental Retardation" (MR) is going out of favor as it has been judged to have acquired a negative and prejudicial meaning. It has been replaced with "Intellectual Disabilities. This shedding of terms to describe the underlying phenomena associated with MR has happened before, and in all likelihood will probably one day happen again. No matter what the phenomena is called, some cruel people inevitably seem to find whatever terms are used to describe the phenomena useful as insults and taunts.

7 Nature of Intellectual Disabilities Intellectual Disabilities is a diagnostic classification denoting significantly low intellectual functioning or other brain functioning problems. It is not a disease in of itself. Classification of Intellectual Disabilities indicates that developmental immaturities are present in the form of intellectual deficits, and often emotional deficits as well. This immaturity interferes with a person s ability to function at age-appropriate levels and makes independent living a challenging proposition. Cognitive abilities of a person with intellectual disab are impaired. This means that they acquire new information slowly and have difficulty understanding complex concepts.

8 Cognitive Functioning Intellectual Disabilities is defined by sub-average intellectual ability. General intelligence quotient (IQ) scores for persons with intellectual disabilities are, by definition, seventy (70) or below. By definition, this score is set two standard deviations below the average IQ of 100, and only occurs about 2.5 percent of the time when considered against the entire distribution of IQ scores in the population. Because of these intellectual deficits, individuals' ability to learn of a person with intellectual disabilities is impaired. Language processing and logical thinking deficits are often present, as are impairments in reasoning and problem-solving abilities. Intellectual Disabilities interferes with language processing and impairs judgment and analytical skills.

9 Cognitive Functioning Although the disorder affects an individual's capacity for learning, intellectual disabilities is not a learning disorder in the academic sense. Intellectual Disability is distinguished from Specific Learning Difficulties (DSA in italian) that are specific to academic learning such as dyslexia (a reading and writing disorder), disgraphia, disortopgraphia, and dyscalculia in that it is more general in nature. In intellectual disabilities, learning abilities are impaired generally, rather than in specific areas. Learning disabilities relate to specific deficits in the ability to acquire academic skills like reading and math, while intellectual disabilities relate to basic and broad impairments in cognitive functioning that affect the individual's ability to process and retain information across the board.

10 Emotional Functioning Intellectual Disability often affects people emotionally as well as intellectually. Many intellectual disabled people function on an emotional and social level that is below what is appropriate for their age. This emotional immaturity is often considered an endearing aspect of individuals' personalities of persons with intellectual disability, however. Persons with intellectual disabilities are commonly thought of as being friendly, lovable, and possessing a child like quality in their overall personality. ANYWAY THINK THEM ADULTS!

11 Emotional Functioning The emotional maturity of persons who are diagnosed with intellectual disabilities is generally a function of how severely impaired they are. Severely persons with intellectual disability are generally more emotionally immature than are persons with mild intellectual disabilities. Intellectual disabilities are a developmental classification, defined as a severe intellectual or cognitive deficit that occurs during development. It is not a disease in itself. Intellectual Disabilities can both coexist with other disorders and be caused by other disorders. For this reason, there is no single set of symptoms that suggests intellectual disabilities.

12 Keeping this in mind, there are behavioral, physical, and medical symptoms that do suggest the presence of intellectual disabilities. In general, children with intellectual disabilities reach developmental milestones such as walking and talking much later than their peers do. Symptoms of intellectual disabilities may appear at birth or later in childhood. Time of onset depends on the suspected cause of the disability. Some cases of mild intellectual disabilities are not diagnosed until the child enters preschool. These children typically have difficulties with social, communication, and functional academic skills. Children who have a neurological disorder or illness such as encephalitis or meningitis may suddenly show signs of cognitive impairment and adaptive difficulties.

13 Intellectual disabilities are difficult to detect in infancy unless specific physical attributes associated with a syndrome that causes intellectual disabilities are present. Small children who have intellectual disabilities often have developmental delays that result in their inability to meet age-appropriate milestones including sitting up, crawling, walking, and talking. Physical traits and failure to meet developmental milestones are usually the first symptoms of intellectual disabilities that are noticed. Functional problems, not IQ (which requires testing that does not occur until school age), tend to be the cursors that prompt parents and doctors to test for intellectual disabilities.

14 Mild intellectual disabilities are often quite subtle and frequently goes undetected until the child enters the school environment. The educational setting makes demands on the child's intellectual skills and cognitive functioning. Children with intellectual disabilities tend to have difficulty retaining information. The inability to remember things inhibits the child's ability to learn. This becomes readily apparent in a school environment.. Emotional problems can always influence the detection!

15 Intellectual disabilities may also be identified when a medical syndrome is identified based on genetic or other medical testing. For example, genetic disorders such Down syndrome (Williams Syndrome, X-fragile Syndrome, ) can be identified during pregnancy thorough amniocentesis, chorionic villus sampling (CVS), and other techniques used to gather information about fetal chromosomes and genetic make-up. In such cases, the symptoms that point to the presence of a genetic disorder are also symptoms of intellectual disabilities.

16 Problem solving skills are lacking in persons with intellectual disabilities, as are deficits in logical thinking and abstract thought. The deficit in abstract thought manifests itself in the child's inability to generalize from one situation to another. Instead of being able to see relationships between similar but different things, children with intellectual disabilities tend to think in a more concrete manner and may be unable to see how things are related.

17 Deficits in social skills also come into play in a school setting. Persons with intellectual disabilities struggle with understanding social rules like taking turns and waiting until someone else finishes speaking before talking. Some social concepts are beyond the grasp of persons with intellectual disabilities. The concept of money is a good example: persons with intellectual disabilities tend to have difficulty understanding how money works. Persons with intellectual disabilities also tend to have difficulty understanding cause and effect relationships, for example, recognizing that there are consequences for actions.

Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder

Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder Fact Sheet 10 DSM-5 and Autism Spectrum Disorder A diagnosis of autism is made on the basis of observed behaviour. There are no blood tests, no single defining symptom and no physical characteristics that

More information

Fact Sheet: Asperger s Disorder

Fact Sheet: Asperger s Disorder Asperger Syndrome or (Asperger's Disorder) is a neurobiological disorder named for a Viennese physician, Hans Asperger, who in 1944 published a paper which described a pattern of behaviors in several young

More information

Register of Students with Severe Disabilities

Register of Students with Severe Disabilities Department of Education Learners first, connected and inspired Register of Students with Severe Disabilities Department of Education Register of Students with Severe Disabilities 1. Eligibility Criteria

More information

Applied Behavioral Analysis (Lovaas Therapy)*

Applied Behavioral Analysis (Lovaas Therapy)* Subject: Applied Behavioral Analysis (Lovaas Therapy)* Updated: October 27, 2009 Department(s): Utilization Management Policy: Objective: Applied Behavioral Analysis (ABA), also known as Lovaas therapy,

More information

65G-4.014 Eligibility for Agency Services Definitions. (1) Autism means any condition which is part of the autism spectrum disorder and which meets

65G-4.014 Eligibility for Agency Services Definitions. (1) Autism means any condition which is part of the autism spectrum disorder and which meets 65G-4.014 Eligibility for Agency Services Definitions. (1) Autism means any condition which is part of the autism spectrum disorder and which meets the requirements of Florida Statute 393.063, which are

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder

Autism Spectrum Disorder Autism Spectrum Disorder State Definition A developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age three, that adversely

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Pervasive Developmental Disorders Key Differences

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Pervasive Developmental Disorders Key Differences Comparison of the Diagnostic Criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder Across DSM-5, 1 DSM-IV-TR, 2 and the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) 3 Definition of Autism Colleen M. Harker, M.S.

More information

ADULT ASPERGER ASSESSMENT (AAA)

ADULT ASPERGER ASSESSMENT (AAA) [ ADULT ASPERGER ASSESSMENT (AAA) PATIENT DETAILS Name: Sex: Date of birth: Appointment: Age (in years): John Airey male 20/09/1965 01/04/2010 44.5 SCREENING INSTRUMENT SCORES Autism-Spectrum Quotient

More information

ASD Module Script. Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics

ASD Module Script. Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics ASD Module Script Module 1: Autism Spectrum Disorder Characteristics ASD Characteristics: Welcome to the module on ASD characteristics. The goal of this module is to give you, the listener, a full understanding

More information

DEVELOPMENTAL DISABITIES INFORMATION

DEVELOPMENTAL DISABITIES INFORMATION DEVELOPMENTAL DISABITIES INFORMATION Developmental Disability according to the federal Developmental Disabilities Act, the term means a severe, chronic disability of an individual 5 years or older that:

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5. Brian Reichow reichow@uchc.edu

Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5. Brian Reichow reichow@uchc.edu Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5 Brian Reichow reichow@uchc.edu Disclosure / Conflict of Interest Have no conflict of interest with any portion of today s talk. -Do receive royalties from lectures and

More information

43 243.1. Criteria for Entry into Programs of Special Education for Students with Disabilities

43 243.1. Criteria for Entry into Programs of Special Education for Students with Disabilities Document No. STATE BOARD OF EDUCATION CHAPTER 43 Statutory Authority: Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act of 2004, 20 U.S.C. 1400 et seq. (2004) 43 243.1. Criteria for Entry into Programs

More information

Goals of this presentation Outline DSM-5 changes to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) classification Opportunity to discuss implications for clinicians

Goals of this presentation Outline DSM-5 changes to Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) classification Opportunity to discuss implications for clinicians Autism Spectrum Disorder in DSM-5: Overview of Updates to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual and to the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule (ADOS-2) Katherine Gotham, Ph.D. Webinar hosted by the

More information

An overview of Intellectual Developmental Disability Functioning levels of Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability Autism

An overview of Intellectual Developmental Disability Functioning levels of Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability Autism An overview of Intellectual Developmental Disability Functioning levels of Mental Retardation/Intellectual Disability Autism Intellectual/Developmental Disability (IDD) - indicates an overall intellectual

More information

Las Cruces Public Schools POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE PROVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES AND GIFTED STUDENTS

Las Cruces Public Schools POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE PROVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES AND GIFTED STUDENTS New Mexico Public Education Department Special Education Bureau Las Cruces Public Schools POLICIES AND PROCEDURES FOR THE PROVISION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION SERVICES FOR STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES AND GIFTED

More information

Medical Issues for Children with Autism

Medical Issues for Children with Autism Medical Issues for Children with Autism Desiree V. Rodgers, M.P.H., M.D., F.A.A.P February 1, 2013 Diagnostic Center Central California Disclaimer The purpose of this lecture is to provide current medical

More information

NOTE: Implementation of this policy is contingent upon State Plan and Waiver approval from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS).

NOTE: Implementation of this policy is contingent upon State Plan and Waiver approval from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS). Bulletin Michigan Department of Community Health Bulletin Number: MSA 13-09 Distribution: Practitioners, Local Health Departments, Federally Qualified Health Centers, Rural Health Clinics, Medicaid Health

More information

Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Characteristics of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) May 2013 Criteria Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 5 th Edition (DSM-5) American Psychiatric Association Michael J. Morrier, Ph.D., BCBA-D Emory University

More information

What is Asperger s Syndrome?

What is Asperger s Syndrome? What is Asperger s Syndrome? Assessment Service What is Asperger s Syndrome? Asperger s Syndrome (AS) is a newly recognised neurological disorder. Although the disorder was identified in 1944 by Hans Asperger

More information

DSM-5. Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D.

DSM-5. Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D. DSM-5 Presented by CCESC School Psychologist Interns: Kayla Dodson, M.Ed. Ellen Doll, M.S. Rich Marsicano, Ph.D. Elaine Wahl, Ph.D. Introduction Lifespan approach to diagnosis Diagnoses occurring in children

More information

Assessment and diagnosis of Autism. The autistic triad (Lorna Wing) Why do it? BUT? Pervasive developmental disorders. Andrew Lloyd Evans MD

Assessment and diagnosis of Autism. The autistic triad (Lorna Wing) Why do it? BUT? Pervasive developmental disorders. Andrew Lloyd Evans MD Assessment and diagnosis of Autism Pervasive developmental disorders Communication Socialisation Restriction of interest Andrew Lloyd Evans MD The autistic triad (Lorna Wing) PREVALENCE OF AUTISTIC SPECTRUM

More information

Developmental Disabilities

Developmental Disabilities RIGHTS UNDER THE LAN TERMAN ACT Developmental Disabilities Chapter 2 This chapter explains: - What developmental disabilities are, - Who is eligible for regional center services, and - How to show the

More information

The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V

The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V The new Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Diagnostic Criteria as defined by the DSM-V Written by Dr Rucha Joshi, Aspect Victoria, Positive Behaviour Support Specialist. There have been lots of discussions

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Applied Behavior Analysis. Elyse W. Bradford, BCBA Behavior Analyst Center for Autism

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Applied Behavior Analysis. Elyse W. Bradford, BCBA Behavior Analyst Center for Autism Autism Spectrum Disorders and Applied Behavior Analysis Elyse W. Bradford, BCBA Behavior Analyst Center for Autism Show of Hands How many Teachers In-home providers SLP OT Parents Goals for Today Gain

More information

Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder

Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder Overview of DSM-5: Autism Spectrum Disorder Courtney Burnette, PhD Clinical Psychologist UNM Center for Development and Disability Department of Pediatrics September 20, 2013 Objectives Recognize the changes

More information

Special Education Teachers' and Speech Therapists' Knowledge of Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Special Education Teachers' and Speech Therapists' Knowledge of Autism Spectrum Disorder. East Tennessee State University Digital Commons @ East Tennessee State University Electronic Theses and Dissertations 12-2002 Special Education Teachers' and Speech Therapists' Knowledge of Autism Spectrum

More information

The Thirteen Special Education Classifications. Part 200 Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, Section 4401(1)

The Thirteen Special Education Classifications. Part 200 Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, Section 4401(1) The Thirteen Special Education Classifications Part 200 Regulations of the Commissioner of Education, Section 4401(1) Student With a Disability: A student as defined in section 4401(1), who has not attained

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Awareness Level Training for Educators

Autism Spectrum Disorders: An Awareness Level Training for Educators Autism Spectrum s: An Awareness Level Training for Educators Autism is the Fastest-Growing Developmental Disability More common than pediatric cancer, diabetes and AIDS combined Autism increased 172% during

More information

ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms

ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms ADEPT Glossary of Key Terms A-B-C (Antecedent-Behavior-Consequence) The three-part equation for success in teaching. Antecedents (A) Anything that occurs before a behavior or a skill. When teaching a skill,

More information

What are autism spectrum disorders?

What are autism spectrum disorders? What are autism spectrum disorders? Autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) are lifelong developmental disabilities characterised by marked difficulties in social interaction, impaired communication, restricted

More information

Epilepsy in Children. Learning and School Performance

Epilepsy in Children. Learning and School Performance Epilepsy in Children Learning and School Performance About the Epilepsy Foundation The Epilepsy Foundation is the national voluntary agency solely dedicated to the welfare of the more than three million

More information

Autistic Disorder Asperger s Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS)

Autistic Disorder Asperger s Disorder Pervasive Developmental Disorder, Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) Medical Policy Manual Topic: Applied Behavior Analysis for the Treatment of Autism Spectrum Disorder Date of Origin: January 2012 Section: Behavioral Health Last Reviewed Date: January 2015 Policy No:

More information

FACT SHEET Autistic Disorder in Children, Youth and Adults: Information for Families

FACT SHEET Autistic Disorder in Children, Youth and Adults: Information for Families FACT SHEET Autistic Disorder in Children, Youth and Adults: Information for Families This content is cited in whole from ementalhealth.ca website. The IWK Health Centre generously thanks them for permission

More information

ASPERGER S SYNDROME, NONVERBAL LEARNING DISORDER AND OTHER NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDERS

ASPERGER S SYNDROME, NONVERBAL LEARNING DISORDER AND OTHER NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDERS ASPERGER S SYNDROME, NONVERBAL LEARNING DISORDER AND OTHER NEUROCOGNITIVE DISORDERS APPROPRIATE PROGRAM DEVELOPMENT Orion Academy Kathryn Stewart, Ph.D. GETA 2007 What is a Neurocognitive Disorder? What

More information

3030. Eligibility Criteria.

3030. Eligibility Criteria. 3030. Eligibility Criteria. 5 CA ADC 3030BARCLAYS OFFICIAL CALIFORNIA CODE OF REGULATIONS Barclays Official California Code of Regulations Currentness Title 5. Education Division 1. California Department

More information

Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders

Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders. Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders Understanding Pervasive Developmental Disorders Page 1 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders Page 2 of 10 MC5155-09 Pervasive Developmental Disorders This information is intended to help you

More information

March 26, 2013. Enclosed for your records is an approved copy of the following State Plan Amendment (SPA):

March 26, 2013. Enclosed for your records is an approved copy of the following State Plan Amendment (SPA): Department of Health & Human Services Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services 233 North Michigan Avenue, Suite 600 Chicago, Illinois 60601-5519 Stephen Fitton, Medicaid Director Medical Services Administration

More information

DSM-5 CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: OBSERVATIONAL INFORMATION IN SUPPORT OF DIAGNOSIS

DSM-5 CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: OBSERVATIONAL INFORMATION IN SUPPORT OF DIAGNOSIS DSM-5 CRITERIA FOR AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: OBSERVATIONAL INFORMATION IN SUPPORT OF DIAGNOSIS How do the DSM-5 criteria for autism spectrum disorder present in practice? To the practicing clinician, the

More information

Diagnosis of Autism in Children With Down Syndrome

Diagnosis of Autism in Children With Down Syndrome Diagnosis of Autism in Children With Down Syndrome Glenn Vatter 3124 Henneberry Road Jamesville, NY 13078-9640 (315) 677-3844 Reprinted with the permission of the author 1998 Glenn Vatter. All rights reserved

More information

The McMaster at night Pediatric Curriculum

The McMaster at night Pediatric Curriculum The McMaster at night Pediatric Curriculum Feldman, HM. Evaluation and Management of Language and Speech Disorders in Preschool Children. Pediatrics in Review 26 (4). 2005. Objectives Describe normal language

More information

Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome

Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome International Education Journal Vol 2, No 4, 2001 Educational Research Conference 2001 Special Issue http://www.flinders.edu.au/education/iej 329 Current research in the area of Autism and Savant Syndrome

More information

Practice Test for Special Education EC-12

Practice Test for Special Education EC-12 Practice Test for Special Education EC-12 1. The Individualized Educational Program (IEP) includes: A. Written evaluation B. Assessment tests C. Interviews 2. Learning disabilities include: A. Cerebral

More information

Best Practice Protocol for Early Screening of Young Children for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) by Pediatric Primary Care Providers

Best Practice Protocol for Early Screening of Young Children for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) by Pediatric Primary Care Providers NEW YORK STATE DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH BUREAU OF EARLY INTERVENTION JULY, 2013 Best Practice Protocol for Early Screening of Young Children for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASDs) by Pediatric Primary Care Providers

More information

OASID, a New Instrument for Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder in People with Multiple Disabilities

OASID, a New Instrument for Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder in People with Multiple Disabilities OASID, a New Instrument for Diagnosing Autism Spectrum Disorder in People with Multiple Disabilities Gitta de Vaan Mathijs Vervloed Harry Knoors Ludo Verhoeven Overview Target population Overlap in characteristics

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Comorbid Conditions. Judith Miller, PhD January 2012

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Comorbid Conditions. Judith Miller, PhD January 2012 Autism Spectrum Disorders and Comorbid Conditions Judith Miller, PhD millerj3@email.chop.edu January 2012 Educational Objectives Discuss the most frequent comorbid psychiatric conditions Describe the process

More information

Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Criminal Justice. Kent Grelling, PhD Grelling Psychology Associates Orinda, CA

Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Criminal Justice. Kent Grelling, PhD Grelling Psychology Associates Orinda, CA Autistic Spectrum Disorders and Criminal Justice Kent Grelling, PhD Grelling Psychology Associates Orinda, CA www.drgrelling.com What are ASD s Autistic Spectrum Disorders Not a formal diagnostic term

More information

Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy

Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy Genetic Screening and Testing During Pregnancy While most babies are born healthy and without birth defects, approximately 3-5% of all babies are born with a birth defect. Some of these babies will have

More information

National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism

National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism National Academy of Sciences Committee on Educational Interventions for Children with Autism Conclusion and (The following is an adapted excerpt from Chapter 16, and, ( pp. 211-229), National Research

More information

SI Eligibility Guidelines for ~ Language with Autism & Language with Intellectual Disability

SI Eligibility Guidelines for ~ Language with Autism & Language with Intellectual Disability SI Eligibility Guidelines for ~ Language with Autism & Language with Intellectual Disability Leslie Salazar Armbruster, M.S., CCC-SLP Judy Rudebusch, EdD, CCC-SLP Host: Region 10 ESC Introduction ~ Resources

More information

Upcoming changes to autism spectrum disorder: evaluating DSM-5

Upcoming changes to autism spectrum disorder: evaluating DSM-5 Upcoming changes to autism spectrum disorder: evaluating DSM-5 ASD disease entity What is ASD? Aims of the talk What changes will be made to the definition of ASD with the publication of DSM-5? Are these

More information

Participants will: -have an understanding of the importance of early diagnosis and be able to identify early symptoms -be aware of the complexity of

Participants will: -have an understanding of the importance of early diagnosis and be able to identify early symptoms -be aware of the complexity of Participants will: -have an understanding of the importance of early diagnosis and be able to identify early symptoms -be aware of the complexity of making a diagnosis and the need for evidence based treatment

More information

Chapter 4: Eligibility Categories

Chapter 4: Eligibility Categories 23 Chapter 4: Eligibility Categories In this chapter you will: learn the different special education categories 24 IDEA lists different disability categories under which children may be eligible for services.

More information

STATE OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) RECOMMENDED ORDER APPEARANCES

STATE OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) RECOMMENDED ORDER APPEARANCES STATE OF FLORIDA DIVISION OF ADMINISTRATIVE HEARINGS vs. Petitioner, AGENCY FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES, Respondent. Case No. 08-6337APD RECOMMENDED ORDER A final hearing was conducted in this case on

More information

DISABILITY-RELATED DEFINITIONS

DISABILITY-RELATED DEFINITIONS DISABILITY-RELATED DEFINITIONS 1. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) of 1990 is a civil rights law, which makes it unlawful to discriminate on the basis of disability. It covers employment in the

More information

Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities Administration Waiver Conference 11/18/14

Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities Administration Waiver Conference 11/18/14 Behavioral Health and Developmental Disabilities Administration Waiver Conference 11/18/14 1 Introductions Lisa Grost, Autism Section Manager, MDCH Morgan VanDenBerg, Autism Behavioral Specialist, MDCH

More information

Autistic Disorder: Fact Sheet for Parents and Caregivers

Autistic Disorder: Fact Sheet for Parents and Caregivers Autistic Disorder: Fact Sheet for Parents and Caregivers Thomas plays for hours on end lining up toy cars in perfect rows. Valerie flaps her arms wildly when she gets excited. Ahmed spends a good part

More information

Autism. Sharon Witemeyer MD (Pediatrician) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Definition

Autism. Sharon Witemeyer MD (Pediatrician) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Definition Autism Sharon Witemeyer MD (Pediatrician) -------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Definition Autism is a lifelong developmental disability defined by the presence

More information

Autism. parent handbook. Answers to common questions. Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism.

Autism. parent handbook. Answers to common questions. Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism. Autism parent handbook Answers to common questions Artwork: Hey Diddle Diddle, by Eytan Nisinzweig, an artist with autism. 2nd Edition This handbook is brought to you by a collaborative effort between:

More information

MENTAL RETARDATION. 3. Limited intellectual functioning in areas such as memory, imagination, creativity

MENTAL RETARDATION. 3. Limited intellectual functioning in areas such as memory, imagination, creativity I. DEFINITION "Mental retardation" means significantly subaverage general intellectual functioning, existing concurrently with deficits in adaptive behavior and manifested during the developmental period,

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder. MAPA Fall Meeting October 9, 2015 Rebecca Klisz-Hulbert, M.D. Assistant Professor

Autism Spectrum Disorder. MAPA Fall Meeting October 9, 2015 Rebecca Klisz-Hulbert, M.D. Assistant Professor Autism Spectrum Disorder MAPA Fall Meeting October 9, 2015 Rebecca Klisz-Hulbert, M.D. Assistant Professor Learning Objectives Understand the core symptoms that comprise autism spectrum disorder Understand

More information

Spectrum Disorders. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Characteristics of Autism Learning Differences. Educational Needs (0-21)

Spectrum Disorders. What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Characteristics of Autism Learning Differences. Educational Needs (0-21) Autism June 07 Spectrum Disorders What is Autism Spectrum Disorder? Characteristics of Autism Learning Differences Educational Needs (0-21) Best Practices Family Needs and Resources Autism Contact however,

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS (ASD)

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS (ASD) Autism and Communication Disorders AUTISM, LANGUAGE DISORDER, AND SOCIAL (PRAGMATIC) COMMUNICATION DISORDER DSM V and Differential Diagnoses Mark D. Simms, MD, MPH Medical College of Wisconsin Children

More information

How common is autism?

How common is autism? What is Autism? Autism, part of a group of disorders known as Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), is a complex neurobiological disorder that typically lasts throughout a person s lifetime. The disorder is

More information

ASSESSMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS. Kimberly Hunter, Ph.D. Clinical Psychologist Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at University of Toledo

ASSESSMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS. Kimberly Hunter, Ph.D. Clinical Psychologist Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at University of Toledo ASSESSMENT OF AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Kimberly Hunter, Ph.D. Clinical Psychologist Assistant Professor of Psychiatry at University of Toledo Overview Autism Spectrum Disorders Evidenced Based Assessment

More information

ASD Video Glossary - Glossary of Terms

ASD Video Glossary - Glossary of Terms 1 ASD Video Glossary - Glossary of Terms Introduction This Glossary of Terms was created to accompany the ASD Video Glossary, an innovative Web-based tool, designed to help parents and professionals learn

More information

APPENDIX A GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS

APPENDIX A GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS APPENDIX A GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS GLOSSARY OF TERMS AND ABBREVIATIONS Special Education Terms/Legal Terms Annual Goals Educational performance to be achieved by a student within one year.

More information

Marc J. Tassé, PhD Nisonger Center UCEDD The Ohio State University Marc.Tasse@osumc.edu

Marc J. Tassé, PhD Nisonger Center UCEDD The Ohio State University Marc.Tasse@osumc.edu AND ICD-11 11: POSSIBLE IMPLICATIONS FOR INTELLECTUAL DISABILITY AND AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER DSM-5: Diagnostic Criteria for Intellectual Disability Marc J. Tassé, PhD UCEDD The Ohio State University Marc.Tasse@osumc.edu

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders

Autism Spectrum Disorders Autism Spectrum Disorders Ryan s Story Ryan is a healthy, active twoyear-old, but his parents are concerned because he doesn t seem to be doing the same things that his older sister did at this age. He

More information

Assessing Adaptive Behavior in Young Children. Gloria Maccow, Ph.D. Assessment Training Consultant

Assessing Adaptive Behavior in Young Children. Gloria Maccow, Ph.D. Assessment Training Consultant Assessing Adaptive Behavior in Young Children Gloria Maccow, Ph.D. Assessment Training Consultant Objectives Describe adaptive behavior and the adaptive skills typically demonstrated by young children;

More information

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS JAGWINDER SANDHU, MD CHILD, ADOLESCENT AND ADULT PSYCHIATRIST 194 N HARRISON STREET PRINCETON, NJ 08540 PH: 609 751 6607 Staff Psychiatrist Carrier clinic Belle Mead NJ What is

More information

S P E C I A L E D U C A T I O N. Ventura County Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) Mary E. Samples Assistant Superintendent

S P E C I A L E D U C A T I O N. Ventura County Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) Mary E. Samples Assistant Superintendent Ventura County Special Education Local Plan Area (SELPA) Mary E. Samples Assistant Superintendent S P E C I A L E D U C A T I O N Fran Arner-Costello Director, Programs and Services farnerco@vcoe.org (805)

More information

Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Understanding the Spectrum and Long Term Prognosis

Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Understanding the Spectrum and Long Term Prognosis Pervasive Developmental Disorders: Understanding the Spectrum and Long Term Prognosis ACLI Medical Section Annual Meeting 2010 Nhung T. Tran, MD, FAAP UTHSCSA Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics Objectives

More information

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES (SLD)

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES (SLD) Together, We Can Make A Difference Office 770-577-7771 Toll Free1-800-322-7065 www.peppinc.org SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITIES (SLD) Definition (1) Specific learning disability is defined as a disorder

More information

Documentation Requirements ADHD

Documentation Requirements ADHD Documentation Requirements ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered a neurobiological disability that interferes with a person s ability to sustain attention, focus on a task

More information

Responding to Student Differences

Responding to Student Differences Education 173 Cognition and Learning in Educational Settings Human Exceptionality Fall Quarter 2007 Responding to Student Differences Students vary in ways that are relevant to education. Teaching is most

More information

Goals of Presentation. Introduction to Developmental Diagnosis. Outline of Presentation. Outline of Presentation. Goals of Developmental Monitoring

Goals of Presentation. Introduction to Developmental Diagnosis. Outline of Presentation. Outline of Presentation. Goals of Developmental Monitoring Introduction to Developmental Diagnosis Brian Rogers MD Professor of Pediatrics Director of the Child Development and Rehabilitation Center Goals of Presentation Develop an understanding of the goals for

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorder in Learners with Blindness/Vision Impairments Comparison of Characteristics (Revised January 2002)

Autism Spectrum Disorder in Learners with Blindness/Vision Impairments Comparison of Characteristics (Revised January 2002) Autism Spectrum Disorder in Learners with Blindness/Vision Impairments Comparison of Characteristics (Revised January 2002) Marilyn H. Gense, M.A. D. Jay Gense, Ed.S. Learners with autism spectrum disorder

More information

Learning Disabilities

Learning Disabilities Learning Disabilities People who have the label of a learning disability/ difficulty can and should be described in many other ways including, friend, neighbour, relative, colleague, community member,

More information

CDDH FACT SHEET. Working with people with intellectual disabilities in healthcare settings

CDDH FACT SHEET. Working with people with intellectual disabilities in healthcare settings CDDH FACT SHEET Working with people with intellectual disabilities in healthcare settings People with intellectual disabilities have the same right as other community members to access community based

More information

Missed Diagnosis or Misdiagnosis? Girls and Women in the Autism Spectrum. Dr Judith Gould Director The NAS Lorna Wing Centre for Autism

Missed Diagnosis or Misdiagnosis? Girls and Women in the Autism Spectrum. Dr Judith Gould Director The NAS Lorna Wing Centre for Autism Missed Diagnosis or Misdiagnosis? Girls and Women in the Autism Spectrum Dr Judith Gould Director The NAS Lorna Wing Centre for Autism Why the Interest NAS Lorna Wing Centre increasing number of girls

More information

Addressing the Social and Emotional Needs of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

Addressing the Social and Emotional Needs of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Addressing the Social and Emotional Needs of Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Pamela Ventola, Ph.D. Yale Autism Program Child Study Center New Haven, CT www.autism.fm pamela.ventola@yale.edu

More information

Intellectual Disabilities

Intellectual Disabilities Intellectual Disabilities NICHCY Disability Fact Sheet #8 January 2011 Matthew s Story Matt is 15 years old. Because Matt has an intellectual disability, he has been receiving special education services

More information

Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook

Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook Education Adjustment Program (EAP) Handbook Current as at September 2015 The State of Queensland (2015) This document is licensed under CC-BY 4.0, with the exception of the government coat of arms, logos

More information

A Guide for Enabling Scouts with Cognitive Impairments

A Guide for Enabling Scouts with Cognitive Impairments A Guide for Enabling Scouts with Cognitive Impairments What cognitive impairments are discussed in this manual? Autism Spectrum Disorder Attention Deficit Hyper Activity Disorder Depression Down Syndrome

More information

Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom. 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA

Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom. 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA Common Learning Disabilities in the Classroom 1/20/2011 Lea Howell School Psychologist LCUSD and Foothill SELPA Why might a child be having educational difficulties? Needs Special Education Services -Has

More information

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY

SPECIFIC LEARNING DISABILITY I. DEFINITION "Specific learning disability" means a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself

More information

Deconstructing the DSM-5 By Jason H. King

Deconstructing the DSM-5 By Jason H. King Deconstructing the DSM-5 By Jason H. King Assessment and diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder For this month s topic, I am excited to share my recent experience using the fifth edition of the Diagnostic

More information

DEMYSTIFYING THE DEFINITIONS: Differentiating the Definitions of Learning Disability the diagnosis, the Exceptionality, and the ISA Profile in Ontario

DEMYSTIFYING THE DEFINITIONS: Differentiating the Definitions of Learning Disability the diagnosis, the Exceptionality, and the ISA Profile in Ontario DEMYSTIFYING THE DEFINITIONS: Differentiating the Definitions of Learning Disability the diagnosis, the Exceptionality, and the ISA Profile in Ontario Dr. A. Lynne Beal, Psychologist October, 2003 What

More information

Developmental Psychiatry Consultation and Complex Management Clinic

Developmental Psychiatry Consultation and Complex Management Clinic Developmental Psychiatry Consultation and Complex Management Clinic This clinic serves children and youth with complex, severe developmental disorders with co-occurring psychiatric symptoms and/or disorders

More information

District 196 - Rosemount/Apple Valley/Eagan Revised May 2006 Special Education Department QUICK GUIDE OF EDUCATIONAL DISABILITIES

District 196 - Rosemount/Apple Valley/Eagan Revised May 2006 Special Education Department QUICK GUIDE OF EDUCATIONAL DISABILITIES Autism Spectrum Asperger s Pervasive Developmental (PDD) Rett s An uneven developmental profile and a pattern of qualitative impairments in 2 or 3 areas of development: social interaction, communication

More information

Child psychiatry and DSM-5

Child psychiatry and DSM-5 Child psychiatry and DSM-5 Dr. Natalie Grizenko Associate Professor, McGill University Medical Director Child and Adolescent Psychiatry at the Douglas Mental Health University Institute Child psychiatry

More information

} Characteristic symptoms of autism (mild to intense), average to above average intelligence

} Characteristic symptoms of autism (mild to intense), average to above average intelligence Presented to: Kentucky Autism Training Center Myra Beth Bundy, Ph.D. Department of Psychology Eastern Kentucky University Acknowledgements to Dr. Linda Kunce, Dr. Tony Attwood } Characteristic symptoms

More information

UNDERSTANDING AUTISM

UNDERSTANDING AUTISM UNDERSTANDING AUTISM INTRODUCTION Autism is a chronic neurological disorder that severely affects an individual s ability to understand, communicate, and interact with other people. Autism begins to develop

More information

Autism Basics. What does autism look like?

Autism Basics. What does autism look like? Autism Basics What does autism look like? Autism is a term commonly used for a group of neuro-developmental disorders also known as Pervasive Developmental Disorders (PDD) or Autism Spectrum Disorders

More information

TEACHING STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS

TEACHING STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS TEACHING STUDENTS WITH AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDERS Inclusive programming for ASD students in New Brunswick schools inside Definition Classroom Strategies Managing Behaviour Asperger s Syndrome Department

More information

Neuropsychological Services at CARD

Neuropsychological Services at CARD Neuropsychological Services at CARD Objectives Who are we? What do we do? Why do providers refer to us? Case Example Who We Are Neuropsychologists: Rebecca Vaurio, Ph.D.; Renee Folsom, Ph.D., Garland Jones,

More information

Greenbrier Obstetrics and Gynecology, P.C.

Greenbrier Obstetrics and Gynecology, P.C. Carrier Screening in Pregnancy for Common Genetic Diseases Cystic Fibrosis, Spinal Muscular Atrophy, and Fragile X are a few common serious disorders that can occur even without a family history. These

More information

Smart Isn t Everything: The Importance of Neuropsychological Evaluation for Students and Individuals on the Autism Spectrum

Smart Isn t Everything: The Importance of Neuropsychological Evaluation for Students and Individuals on the Autism Spectrum Smart Isn t Everything: The Importance of Neuropsychological Evaluation for Students and Individuals on the Autism Spectrum Ilene Solomon, Ph.D., Spectrum Services The decision to have a child or adolescent

More information

Comprehensive Special Education Plan. Programs and Services for Students with Disabilities

Comprehensive Special Education Plan. Programs and Services for Students with Disabilities Comprehensive Special Education Plan Programs and Services for Students with Disabilities The Pupil Personnel Services of the Corning-Painted Post Area School District is dedicated to work collaboratively

More information

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schools

Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schools A technical aid packet on Autism Spectrum Disorders and Schools The Center is co-directed by Howard Adelman and Linda Taylor and operates under the auspices of the School Mental Health Project, Dept. of

More information