# Front End Alignment Toe-In / Toe-Out. Lesson 13

Save this PDF as:
Size: px
Start display at page:

## Transcription

1 Front End Alignment Toe-In / Toe-Out Lesson 13 Remember: Pretty Please My Dear Aunt Sally (From left to right; Parentheses; Power; Multiply; Divide; Add, Subtract) Today, we re just going to move from camber and caster to toe-in and toe-out adjustments. Camber, caster, toe-in/toe-out and angles of a circle, are measurements taken and adjusted during a front wheel alignment. These measurements are critical to tire wear and steerability. Some of the background math skills needed before you can learn how to make front end alignment, how these adjustments affect the front end steering adjustments for toe-in and toe-out are: 1. Converting linear measurements 2. Basic principles of Euclidean geometry regarding parallel lines What can you tell me about changing tolerances and angle measurements? Do you remember how to convert inches to millimeters, and visa versa? Toe-In and Toe-Out LESSON13TOEIN_TOEOUT 1

2 1. You re working on a Toyota Camry, and you re Toe-in and Toe-out readings are as follows: L +.15º R +.78º Manufacture specifications for this vehicle are as follows: L + 3 mm + 3 mm R + 3 mm + 3 mmtotal toe = 3 mm + 3 mm An adjustment of 1/8 of an inch is equal to.125º Is an adjustment necessary, if so what kind of adjustment. 2. Find the Toe-in in inches if the front measurement is cm and rear measurement is cm. 3. Find the Toe-in the measurement at the front of the tires is 541/4 in. and the measurement at the rear of the tires is 54 9/16 in. 4. One side of a crank shaft measures inches and the opposite side measures inches. The original manufacturers specification was The maximum undersize shim is.025 inches. Can this crankshaft be reground? What is the amount of metal that can be removed from this crankshaft if in spec? 5. Find the range of values represented by the following specifications: A /-.125 B /-.375 C. 4 5/16 +/- 1/16 LESSON13TOEIN_TOEOUT 2

3 North Montco Technical Career Center Math-In-CTE Lesson 13 Worksheet Front Alignment: Toe-In / Toe-Out Name: AM-1: PM Date: 1. You re working on a Toyota Tercel, and you re Toe-in and Toe-out readings are as follows: L +.25º R +.68º Manufacture specifications for this vehicle are as follows: L + 2 mm + 2 mm, R + 2 mm + 2 mm, Total toe = 2 mm +/- 2 mm An adjustment of 1/8 of an inch is equal to.125º Is an adjustment necessary, if so what kind of adjustment? 2. Find the toe-in in inches if the front measurement is cm and rear measurement is cm. 3. Checking Toe-out on turns, the left front wheel is at 20º. The right front wheel is 23.5º. Specifications are 20º + 2º. Is this vehicle within spec? 4. Using a full contact shim, we need to increase the left rear wheel toe-in.125º. What size shim do we need? 5. Using full contact shims, we need to decrease the right rear wheel toe out by.0625º. What size shim do we need? LESSON13TOEIN_TOEOUT 3

4 North Montco Technical Career Center Math-In-CTE Lesson 13 Homework Front Alignment: Toe-In / Toe-Out Name: AM-1: PM Date: 1. You re working on a 2002 Pontiac GranAm. The customer states that the front tires are wearing unevenly on the inside tread area. You road test the vehicle and observe that the steering wheel is off-center. After taking the following readings, what should you do? Manufactures specification: Front and Rear Camber/Caster are not adjustable. The rear Toe specs are: Rear toe: 1º P +.5º Total toe:.25º+.5º Front toe: 0º +.5º Total toe: 0º +.5º You re readings are: L/R.75º P R/R.25º N L/F.5º P R/F.5º N What is the rear total toe? What is the front total toe? Is the vehicle within manufacturers total toe specs? Using 1/8 full contact shim(s) in the rear, what size shim(s) will be needed to bring the vehicle in to spec? LESSON13TOEIN_TOEOUT 4

5 2. Find the range of values represented by the following specifications: A B C. 3 3/8 + 7/8 3. The thickness specification on a crankshaft key lock is The minimum thickness is.035. The key lock on the engine you re working is worn at one end. Can the key lock be ground and reused? Can this crank shaft be reground? What is the amount of metal that can be removed from the key lock and still have it be in spec? 4. The diameter of a hollow cylinder is inches. There is a score on the cylinder wall that measures inches deep. The maximum diameter of the cylinder can be machined to inches. Can this cylinder be machined? LESSON13TOEIN_TOEOUT 5

### How to Calculate Compression Ratio in a Single Cylinder. Lesson 9

How to Calculate Compression Ratio in a Single Cylinder Lesson 9 Remember: Pretty Please My Dear Aunt Sally (From left to right; Parentheses; Power; Multiply; Divide; Add, Subtract) This lesson is set

### A Short Course on Wheel Alignment

A Short Course on Wheel Alignment In its most basic form, a wheel alignment consists of adjusting the angles of the wheels so that they are perpendicular to the ground and parallel to each other. The purpose

### Service Bulletin Trucks Date Group No. Page

Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Greensboro, NC USA Replaces Service Bulletin 601 06 dated 03.98. Service Bulletin Trucks Date Group No. Page 9.2000 601 006 1(8) Wheel Alignment Steer and Drive Axles VN,

### Prepared by Graham from SuperPro August 2011

Understanding di Steering and Wheel Alignment Angles Prepared by Graham from SuperPro August 2011 Remember:- Tyre Wear Patterns Tell The Technician A Story Provide Vital Information For Determining Final

### WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES

WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES For 1234 1992 WHEEL ALIGNMENT Subaru Specifications & Procedures Justy, Legacy, Loyale, SVX * PLEASE READ THIS FIRST * NOTE: Prior to performing wheel alignment,

### Volkswagen Corrado 1990-1994 Suspension Wheels -Tires Wheel Alignment (Page GR-44)

Wheels -Tires Wheel Alignment (Page GR-44) Front wheel camber adjusting Rear wheel toe determining Snow tires size Vibrations eliminating Wheel alignment data (4 cylinder) data (6 cylinder) Wheels - Tires,

SECTION 2B WHEEL ALIGNMENT TABLE OF CONTENTS Description and Operation... 2B2 Four Wheel Alignment... 2B2 Toein... 2B2 Caster... 2B2 Camber... 2B2 Diagnostic Information and Procedures... 2B3 Tire Diagnosis...

### Provide a WELCOME, Avoid put downs and bad jokes.

Automotive Steering, Suspension, & Alignment Chapter 17 WHEEL ALIGNMENT PRINCIPLES Opening Your Class KEY ELEMENT Introduce Content Motivate Learners State the learning objectives for the chapter or course

### WHEEL ALIGNMENT. Straight advice, specialists you understand and...

WHEEL ALIGNMENT Straight advice, specialists you understand and... WHEEL ALIGNMENT If your steering wheel vibrates at certain speeds, or the steering feels heavier than before; or if your tyres seem to

### BEE LINE COMPANY TOTAL VEHICLE WHEEL ALIGNMENT AND THE BENEFITS OF CAMBER CORRECTION

BEE LINE COMPANY TOTAL VEHICLE WHEEL ALIGNMENT AND THE BENEFITS OF CAMBER CORRECTION 2700 62nd Street Court, P.O. Box 130 Bettendorf, Iowa 52722 Phone: 800-728-7828 Fax: 563-332-6517 Website: www.beeline-co.com

### WHEEL ALIGNMENT 4WD SA 6

SA6 WHEEL ALIGNMENT 4WD 1. MAKE FOLLOWING CHECKS AND CORRECT ANY PROBLEMS (a) Check the tires for wear and proper inflation. Cold tire inflation pressure: See page A25 (b) Check the wheel runout. Lateral

### WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES

WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES 1998 Mitsubishi Montero 1997-98 WHEEL ALIGNMENT Mitsubishi - Specifications & Procedures Diamante, Eclipse, Galant, Mirage, Montero, Montero Sport, 3000GT RIDING

### http://localhost/vida/jsp/information/xml/xmldocprintpreview.jsp

Page 1 of 7 60: Wheel alignment V70 XC (01-) / XC70 (-07), 2001, B5244T3, AW50/51 AWD, L.H.D, YV1SZ58D811036138, 036138 5/4/2014 PRINT 60: Wheel alignment Wheel alignment, checking / adjusting Note! For

### rarecorvettes.com, joe@rarecorvettes.com, (831) 475-4442 Pacific Time Zone

INTRODUCTION TO WHEEL ALIGNMENT A SHORT COURSE ON WHEEL ALIGNMENT, FRONT AND REAR PREPARED FOR THE N.C.R.S. NATIONAL CONVENTION JUNE 29 TO JULY 5, 2012 by: JOE CALCAGNO, RARE CORVETTES rarecorvettes.com,

### Math-in-CTE Sample Automotive Lesson

Math-in-CTE Sample Automotive Lesson Piston Displacement Lesson Title: Piston Displacement Lesson #: AT07 Occupational Area: Automotive Technology CTE Concept(s): Piston Displacement Math Concept(s): Formula

### MM Adjustable Tie-Rod Ends (MMTR-2, -4, -7)

3430 Sacramento Dr., Unit D San Luis Obispo, CA 93401 Telephone: 805/544-8748 Fax: 805/544-8645 www.maximummotorsports.com MM Adjustable Tie-Rod Ends (MMTR-2, -4, -7) PLEASE NOTE: The use of 1996-2004

### Model Year: 2010 Model: Prius Doc ID: RM000001Y3B015X. Title: ALIGNMENT / HANDLING DIAGNOSIS: FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT: ADJUSTMENT (2010 Prius)

Last Modified: 5-3-2010 6.4 N From: 200904 Model Year: 2010 Model: Prius Doc ID: RM000001Y3B015X Title: ALIGNMENT / HANDLING DIAGNOSIS: FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT: ADJUSTMENT (2010 Prius) ADJUSTMENT If the

### MATH 110 Automotive Worksheet #4

MATH 110 Automotive Worksheet #4 Ratios The math name for a fraction is ratio. It is just a comparison of one quantity with another quantity that is similar. As an automotive technician, you will use ratios

### 6-3 Solving Systems by Elimination

Warm Up Simplify each expression. 1. 2y 4x 2(4y 2x) 2. 5(x y) + 2x + 5y Write the least common multiple. 3. 3 and 6 4. 4 and 10 5. 6 and 8 Objectives Solve systems of linear equations in two variables

### 14.2. Degrees. Example 1 Use fractional parts to find. Unlock the Problem. Math Talk. Essential Question. Name

? Name. Essential Question Degrees How are degrees related to fractional parts of a circle? Geometry and Measurement.7.B Also.7.A MATHEMATICAL PROCESSES..A,..F,..G Connect You can use what you know about

### SUBJECT: Special Offset Ball Joint - Allows Adjustment To Caster And Camber Angles

NUMBER: 02-001-02 GROUP: Suspension DATE: Jun. 10, 2002 This bulletin is supplied as technical information only and is not an authorization for repair. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored

### 4-Wheel Alignment Steering and Suspension Diagnosis

JOB SHEET A4E3: Start Date: Name: End Date: Make: Model: Year: VIN: Mileage: Learning Objective/NATEF task Check and adjust front and rear wheel camber; perform necessary action. o NATEF task A4/E3, P1.

### 6 inch A-Arm Lift Kit WARNING: 16-018/16-019. installation instructions. will fit CLUB CAR DS. included:

Revised May 205 6-08/6-09 6 inch A-Arm Lift Kit will fit CLUB CAR DS installation instructions included: Rear Lift Blocks Main Suspension Assembly Spindles A-Arms Rear Shock Mounting Plates U-Bolts WARNING:

### FRONT SUSPENSION Click on the applicable bookmark to selected the required model year

FRONT SUSPENSION 33A-2 FRONT SUSPENSION General Information GENERAL INFORMATION 33200010105 The front suspension on 2WD vehicles is an independent suspension system having the double wishbone combined

### FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT

66 RONT SUSPNSION DJUSTMNT. INSPCT TIR (S P 8) 60I50 ront: Rear:. MSUR VHICL HIHT Vehicle height: ront ( ) Rear (D C) 95 mm (3.74 in.) 6 mm (.44 in.) Measuring points: : round clearance of front wheel

SELF-STEERING AXLE TABLE OF CONTENTS Section 1 - Introduction Section 2 - Pre-Installation Check List Section 3 - Ride Height Adjustments Section 4 - Suspension Mount Section 5 - Axle Mount Section 6 -

### MEASURING WHEEL ALIGNMENT

MEASURING WHEEL ALIGNMENT 2003-04 WHEEL ALIGNMENT Specifications & Procedures - Hummer - H2 Steering and vibration complaints are not always the result of improper alignment. One possible cause is wheel

TABLE OF CONTENTS CONGRATULATIONS: Easy Start Guide for the Technician... 2 Laser Toe Gauges... 4 Hardware Connections... 5 Printer Connection... 6 Data Accumulator Features... 7 Batteries - Read Out &

### TRUCKCAM FACTORY SYSTEMS AXLE ALIGNMENT

TRUCKCAM FACTORY SYSTEMS AXLE ALIGNMENT INTRODUCING: TRUCKCAM AXLE ALIGNMENT SYSTEM THIS SYSTEM IS DESIGNED for axle manufacturers to pre-align toe-in. The efficient and durable design of the system allows

### HOME ALIGNMENT OF PORSCHE 914 FOR COMPETITION OR STREET. Complete Step by Step Guide to Alignment

HOME ALIGNMENT OF PORSCHE 914 FOR COMPETITION OR STREET Complete Step by Step Guide to Alignment How to adjust: A. Level and Rake Car p. 4 B. Camber p. 6 C. Caster p. 7 D. Toe p. 8 E. Corner Balance p.

### Basic Wheel Alignment Fundamentals

Specialty Products Company Basic Wheel Alignment Fundamentals Wheel alignment technology advances continuously with the introduction of new makes and models of vehicles, engines, transmissions/ transaxles,

### FRONT WHEEL ALIGNMENT

RONT SUSPNSION RONT WHL LINMNT 67 RONT WHL LINMNT JUSTMNT. INSPCT TIR (S P 67 ) 60H703. MSUR VHICL HIHT Vehicle height: ront Rear C 4W C C 373 0. mm (4.73 in.) 40.5 mm (.59 in.) 4W 0. mm (4.33 in.) 30.5

### Quick Reference ebook

This file is distributed FREE OF CHARGE by the publisher Quick Reference Handbooks and the author. Quick Reference ebook Click on Contents or Index in the left panel to locate a topic. The math facts listed

### SUSPENSION DIAGNOSIS

SECTION 2A SUSPENSION DIAGNOSIS TABLE OF CONTENTS Diagnosis... 2A-2 General Diagnosis... 2A-2 Hub and Bearing... 2A-7 2A-2 SUSPENSION DIAGNOSIS DIAGNOSIS GENERAL DIAGNOSIS Problems in the steering, the

Table of Contents Subject Page Purpose of the System... 3 Basic Suspension Geometry... 4 Caster...4 Camber...5 Toe...6 Steering Roll Radius...7 Steering Axis Inclination....8 Toe-out on Turns...9 Geometric

### OPTO-PLUS 204. Type DSX2

1 OPTO-PLUS 204 Type DSX2 OPTO-ELECTRONIC LASER ALIGNER Operators manual 2 Operators manual for OPTO-PLUS wheel aligner Model 204 Type DSX2 (Dual Sensor Doubble Laser) INDEX Accessories and specifications

### Show that when a circle is inscribed inside a square the diameter of the circle is the same length as the side of the square.

Week & Day Week 6 Day 1 Concept/Skill Perimeter of a square when given the radius of an inscribed circle Standard 7.MG:2.1 Use formulas routinely for finding the perimeter and area of basic twodimensional

### The Crankshaft Oil Seal Section has been added to the DD15 Workshop Manual. The sections that are found in the Engine Chapter are now renumbered.

NUMBER: 08 DD15-5 S.M. REF.: 1.11 ENGINE: DD15 DATE: July 2008 SUBJECT: CRANKSHAFT OIL SEAL SECTION PUBLICATION: DDC-SVC-MAN-0002 The Crankshaft Oil Seal Section has been added to the DD15 Workshop Manual.

### How to Set Up Corvette IRS Rear Camber (basic do-at-home version)

How to Set Up Corvette IRS Rear Camber (basic do-at-home version) by Lars Grimsrud Colorado Corvette Crazies (CCC) The Ultimate Corvette Tuning & Beer Drinking Fraternity Lafayette, CO Rev. B 3-24-05 This

### Technical Service Bulletin

Subject FOUR WHEEL ALIGNMENT - EZ CAM TM XR CAMBER ANGLE ADJUSTING BOLTS Date Model [X] PARTS MANAGER JANUARY, 2008 2003-2008 TIBURON [X] TECHNICIAN CIRCULATE TO: [ ] GENERAL MANAGER [X] SERVICE ADVISOR

### Align it Right! How to properly align your GMC yourself right in your own driveway. By Jerry Work GMCWS rally Casa de Fruita, CA Spring 2012

Align it Right! How to properly align your GMC yourself right in your own driveway By Jerry Work GMCWS rally Casa de Fruita, CA Spring 2012 TEXT & PHOTOS BY JERRY WORK EXCEPT AS NOTED Simple concepts,

### What is Camber, Castor and Toe?

What is Camber, Castor and Toe? Camber is probably the most familiar suspension term to owners. It is the angle of the wheels relative to the surface of the road, looking at the car from the front or rear.

### 2011-14 F250 6 RADIUS ARM KIT

92154000 Thank you for choosing Rough Country for your suspension needs. 2011-14 F250 6 RADIUS ARM KIT Rough Country recommends a certified technician installs this system. In addition to these instructions,

### AUTOMOBILE MECHANIC STUDENT INTERNSHIP SKILLS LIST Provo School District

AUTOMOBILE MECHANIC STUDENT INTERNSHIP SKILLS LIST Provo School District Repairs and overhauls automobiles, buses, trucks, and other automotive vehicles: Examines vehicle and discusses with customer or

### PERFORMANCE WHEEL ALIGNMENT

Incorrect wheel alignment conditions affect tire wear and can cause drifting and/or pulling during cruise, acceleration and braking, plus poor directional control. For the performanceminded customer, the

### EL DORADO UNION HIGH SCHOOL DISTRICT Educational Services ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY (541) Trades & Industrial Education

Educational Services ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE TECHNOLOGY (541) DEPARTMENT: DISTRICT SITES: LENGTH OF COURSE: CREDIT: Trades & Industrial Education EHS, ORHS, PHS Year 5 units each semester GRADE LEVEL: Advanced

### ACTIVITY: Finding a Formula Experimentally. Work with a partner. Use a paper cup that is shaped like a cone.

8. Volumes of Cones How can you find the volume of a cone? You already know how the volume of a pyramid relates to the volume of a prism. In this activity, you will discover how the volume of a cone relates

### Measurement: Converting Distances

Measurement: Converting Distances Measuring Distances Measuring distances is done by measuring length. You may use a different system to measure length differently than other places in the world. This

### Monster Mini Stock Assn rules for 2015

Monster Mini Stock Assn rules for 2015 *note 2 engine combinations* BODY - stock auto only may have complete aluminum body inner panel may be removed rear of car must be closed - no holes or flaps to meet

### 2. Wheel Alignment S202116

Front Suspension WHEEL ALIGNMENT 2. Wheel Alignment S202116 A: INSPECTION S202116A10 Check, adjust and/or measure wheel alignment in accordance with procedures indicated in figure: B4M1088A FS-6 WHEEL

### (A4) Suspension and Steering Sample Questions and Answers

(A4) Suspension and Steering Sample Questions and Answers Answers to these questions are found beginning on page 4 of this document 1. Two technicians are discussing the replacement of an inner tie rod

### MEP Y9 Practice Book A

1 Base Arithmetic 1.1 Binary Numbers We normally work with numbers in base 10. In this section we consider numbers in base 2, often called binary numbers. In base 10 we use the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

### OD 1401 9 PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS

SUBCOURSE EDITION OD 1401 9 PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS PRECISION MEASURING INSTRUMENTS SUBCOURSE OD1401 EDITION 9 Unites States Army Combined Arms Support Command Fort Lee, VA 23801-1809 5 CREDIT

### Suspension Set Up. A. Squaring the chassis.

Suspension Set Up I decided to write this primer on suspension set-up, as a byproduct of implementing full independent front suspension and the new tubolare rear trailing arms on my own car, in preparation

### Lesson 4: Convert Fractions, Review Order of Operations

Lesson 4: Convert Fractions, Review Order of Operations LESSON 4: Convert Fractions, Do Order of Operations Weekly Focus: fractions, decimals, percent, order of operations Weekly Skill: convert, compute

### Wheel Alignment And Diagnostic Angles (STE04)

Module 1 Alignments Wheel Alignment And Diagnostic Angles (STE04) A. Alignments 2. Conditions Requiring An Alignment 3. Conditions Requiring An Alignment (cont d) 4. Why We Do Checks/Alignments 5. Alignment

### Grade 8 Mathematics Geometry: Lesson 2

Grade 8 Mathematics Geometry: Lesson 2 Read aloud to the students the material that is printed in boldface type inside the boxes. Information in regular type inside the boxes and all information outside

### GEAROLOGY 2-1 SPUR GEARS SPUR GEARS

GEAROLOGY 2-1 2 2-2 GEAROLOGY COMMON APPLICATIONS: Spur gears are used to Now that you ve been introduced to both Boston Gear and some of the basics of our Gearology course which we like to call Power

### The GED math test gives you a page of math formulas that

Math Smart 643 The GED Math Formulas The GED math test gives you a page of math formulas that you can use on the test, but just seeing the formulas doesn t do you any good. The important thing is understanding

### 7 th Grade Math Foundations for Teaching Unit One: Numbers & Operations Module One: Rational Number s

Unit One: Numbers & Operations Module One: s Day/Date TEKS Activities and Resources Essential Question Aug 25 Aug 26 Aug 27 Aug 28 Aug 29 (SS) (SS) (SS) (SS) - First Day Procedures - Math Class Student

### TL-12 Passenger Car Alignment System

Operation and Service Manual Laser Guided Wheel Alignment System TL-12 Passenger Car Alignment System 8231 Blaine Road Blaine, WA 98230 360-371-0552 360-371-0553 fax 800-496-3777 toll free www.tru-line.net

### Lesson 1: Introducing Circles

IRLES N VOLUME Lesson 1: Introducing ircles ommon ore Georgia Performance Standards M9 12.G..1 M9 12.G..2 Essential Questions 1. Why are all circles similar? 2. What are the relationships among inscribed

### SCION tc 2005-2008 COIL OVER SUSPENSION Preparation

SCION tc 2005-2008 COIL OVER SUSPENSION Preparation Part Number: PTR11-21070 NOTE: Part number of this accessory may not be the same as the part number shown. Kit Contents: Item # Quantity Reqd. Description

### Fulcrum Effort or Applied Force. Fulcrum Load or Resistance. Effort or Applied Force. Load or Resistance. Other First Class Lever Examples.

First Class Lever Second Class Lever Load or Resistance Fulcrum Effort or Applied Force Fulcrum Load or Resistance Effort or Applied Force Other First Class Lever Examples Action Spring Force Load Applied

### Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally

Really Good Stuff Activity Guide Order of Operations Poster Congratulations on your purchase of the Really Good Stuff Order of Operations Poster a colorful reference poster to help your students remember

### S&W Race Cars and Components, Inc.

S&W Race Cars and Components, Inc. 11 Mennonite Church Road Spring City, PA 19475 TECH & INFORMATION: 610-948-7303 ORDERS: 1-800-523-3353 OFFICE FAX: 610-948-7342 E-Z INFO FAX 610-792-1234 CAUTION!!! -

### Exponential Notation and the Order of Operations

1.7 Exponential Notation and the Order of Operations 1.7 OBJECTIVES 1. Use exponent notation 2. Evaluate expressions containing powers of whole numbers 3. Know the order of operations 4. Evaluate expressions

### Free Pre-Algebra Lesson 55! page 1

Free Pre-Algebra Lesson 55! page 1 Lesson 55 Perimeter Problems with Related Variables Take your skill at word problems to a new level in this section. All the problems are the same type, so that you can

### SUSP-06, Torsion Bars - Removing, Replacing, and Indexing

Introduction SUSP-06, Torsion Bars - Removing, Replacing, and Indexing Replacing the torsion bar on a 944 is not all that difficult. However, reindexing the torsion after completion is a pain and can be

### Understanding Wheel Offset and Backspacing

Understanding Offset and Backspacing Proper service and repair procedures are vital to the safe, reliable operation of all motor vehicles as well as the personal safety of those performing the repairs.

### WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES

WHEEL ALIGNMENT SPECIFICATIONS & PROCEDURES 2001 Chevrolet Camaro 2000-01 WHEEL ALIGNMENT Specifications & Procedures Cars - Except Saturn IDENTIFICATION MODEL IDENTIFICATION Body Code (1) Model "C"...

### Fractions and Linear Equations

Fractions and Linear Equations Fraction Operations While you can perform operations on fractions using the calculator, for this worksheet you must perform the operations by hand. You must show all steps

### Tyre Awareness Training

Tyre Awareness Training Tyre Law Tread depth Tyres on cars, light vans (not exceeding 3,500kg gross weight) and light trailers must have a tread depth of at least 1.6mm across the central three-quarters

### Circumference of a Circle

Circumference of a Circle A circle is a shape with all points the same distance from the center. It is named by the center. The circle to the left is called circle A since the center is at point A. If

### Circumference and Area of a Circle

Overview Math Concepts Materials Students explore how to derive pi (π) as a ratio. Students also study the circumference and area of a circle using formulas. numbers and operations TI-30XS MultiView two-dimensional

### SLACK PERFORMANCE KARTS

SLACK PERFORMANCE KARTS SET UP GUIDE Thank you for purchasing a 2013 Slack Axiom Chassis. Performance Mfg. strives to provide you with the very best chassis and components on the market today. Your satisfaction

### Calculating Area, Perimeter and Volume

Calculating Area, Perimeter and Volume You will be given a formula table to complete your math assessment; however, we strongly recommend that you memorize the following formulae which will be used regularly

### Charlesworth School Year Group Maths Targets

Charlesworth School Year Group Maths Targets Year One Maths Target Sheet Key Statement KS1 Maths Targets (Expected) These skills must be secure to move beyond expected. I can compare, describe and solve

### SUSPENSION AND STEERING OVERVIEW

SUSPENSION SUSPENSION AND STEERING OVERVIEW The S40/V50 has a wide track and a long wheelbase for its relative size and weight. This gives the car stable and predictable driving characteristics. It also

TUNING SECTION ABOUT ADJUSTMENTS R/C race trucks, in general, are some of the most adjustable racing machines of any scale. What s really amazing is just how easy and quick it is to make all of our changes:

### Geometry and dimensional tolerances of engine bearings

Geometry and dimensional tolerances of engine bearings Dr. Dmitri Kopeliovich (Research & Development Manager.) 1. Hydrodynamic lubrication Engine bearings operate mostly in the hydrodynamic regime of

### SECTION G2: CABLE PROCESSOR MODULE MAINTENANCE

SECTION G2: CABLE PROCESSOR MODULE MAINTENANCE Cable Processor Module overview WARNING! When tipping the Cable Processor Module back, (after removing the toggle arm pin), use extreme caution not to drop

### Write your answer to question 23 in the space provided on page _ of your Student Response Booklet.

Write your answer to question 23 in the space provided on page _ of your Student Response Booklet. 25907 OR F:4A Q:23 Sect:B Content:50 Linking Artid: 25907bike Bicycle Design Use the illustration of a

### The smart route to performance.

M e r i t o r T r a n s i t B u s a n d C o a c h A x l e s The smart route to performance. Meritor Transit Bus and Coach Axles FH-946 The Industry s Axle Leader. With more than a century of axle-manufacturing

### Convert between units of area and determine the scale factor of two similar figures.

CHAPTER 5 Units of Area c GOAL Convert between units of area and determine the scale factor of two. You will need a ruler centimetre grid paper a protractor a calculator Learn about the Math The area of

### Tallahassee Community College PERIMETER

Tallahassee Community College 47 PERIMETER The perimeter of a plane figure is the distance around it. Perimeter is measured in linear units because we are finding the total of the lengths of the sides

### Adjustment Data MAZDA - 626-2.0 Comprex D - RF-CX

Adjustment Data MAZDA - 626-2.0 Comprex D - RF-CX Engine (general) Engine code RF Capacity 1998 (cc) Idle speed 725 ± 25 Valve clearance Valve clearance Cold Inlet 0.25 (mm) Exhaust 0.35 (mm) Compression

### Producing a realistic drawing with CorelDRAW

Producing a realistic drawing with CorelDRAW Hugo Hansen In this tutorial, I show you some of the tools I used to create the many effects in the drawing of my son resting on a motorcycle. The idea to make

### Suspension and Handling

Suspension and Handling Basic Suspension and Setup Principles Basic Principles of Tuning The three major elements of handling : 1. Grip Level Determines the maximum possible cornering speeds / G-levels

### WindWise Education. 2 nd. T ransforming the Energy of Wind into Powerful Minds. editi. A Curriculum for Grades 6 12

WindWise Education T ransforming the Energy of Wind into Powerful Minds A Curriculum for Grades 6 12 Notice Except for educational use by an individual teacher in a classroom setting this work may not

### (A5) Brakes Sample Questions and Answers

(A5) Brakes Sample Questions and Answers Answers to these questions are found beginning on page 4 of this document 1. Two technicians are discussing a problem where the brake pedal travels too far before

### Solving Linear Equations

Solving Linear Equations Lesson: Solving Linear Equations Length: 45 minutes Age or Grade Level Intended: High School - 9 th grade Academic Standard(s): A1.2.1 Solve linear equations Performance Objective(s):

### 1.8 CRANKSHAFT OIL SEALS

SERIES 60 SERVICE MANUAL 1.8 CRANKSHAFT OIL SEALS An oil seal is fitted between each end of the crankshaft and the bores of the flywheel housing and gear case cover to retain the lubricating oil in the

### Dimensional Analysis

Dimensional Analysis Today you ll learn about Dimensional Analysis You will be able to use unit analysis to help convert units you are not used to using. By the end of the lesson, you will: Use dimensional

### Practice Test Answer and Alignment Document Mathematics: Algebra II Performance Based Assessment - Paper

The following pages include the answer key for all machine-scored items, followed by the rubrics for the hand-scored items. - The rubrics show sample student responses. Other valid methods for solving

### INTRODUCTION KINGPIN REPLACEMENT

KINGPIN REPLACEMENT Author: Randy Baumann All information, illustrations and specifications are based on the best information available at the time of publication. The author cannot guarantee the accuracy

### Volkswagen Phaeton 44-2 Wheel and tire mounting Wheel mounting Mounting tires Pressing off tires Dismounting tires Mounting tires

Wheel and tire mounting Стр. 1 из 1 Volkswagen Phaeton 44-2 Wheel and tire mounting Wheel mounting Wheel bolt to hub Torque specification: 120 Nm Mounting tires The tires are installed as usual, but note