The Grand Miramare Hotel Santa Margherita (Portofino) Italy March 19 22, Inspiring Innovation and Excellence

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1 The Grand Miramare Hotel Santa Margherita (Portofino) Italy March 19 22, 2013 Inspiring Innovation and Excellence

2 About the IDA Desalination Academy The IDA Desalination Academy aspires to increase knowledge that leads to innovation but that is only the start. Attending the Academy creates a platform for sharing ideas, building new connections and exchanging insights as participants enhance their skills and expand their professional development. At the IDA Desalination Academy, we focus on not only increasing practical skills and knowledge but putting these advances in a broader context. Everyone involved in today s desalination industry plays an important role in shaping the world s water solutions for future generations. We are committed to encouraging innovation, thinking outside the box and fostering excellence. That is the lasting role of the IDA Desalination Academy.

3 Introduction to Desalination and Its Technologies Mr. Leon Awerbuch Dr. Mark Wilf Module 1 Module 1 is designed to introduce the student to the desalination industry, the various technology options available in the market and the basic principles of the desalination processes principle advantages and disadvantages. The course is open to all participants w/o restrictions on previous technical preparation

4 Day One: 19 th March 2013 Module 1 Leon Awerbuch/Mark Wilf Introduction to Desalination and Its Technologies 9.00 to 9.15 Introduction and welcome 9.15 to Desalination worldwide Coffee break Basic mass balances Basic heat balance Overall energy consumption Lunch break

5 Day One: 19 th March 2013 Module 1 Leon Awerbuch/Mark Wilf Introduction to Desalination and Its Technologies to Fundamentals of membrane desalination processes RO process terms Concept of semipermeable membranes for water salt separation Configuration of asymmetric and composite membranes Membrane types: microfiltration, ultrafiltration, softening, brackish, seawater Membrane elements configuration: spiral wound and hollow fibers Membrane elements manufacturing process Water chemistry of the desalination process Feed water types and representative water composition

6 Day One: 19 th March 2013 Module 1 Leon Awerbuch/Mark Wilf Introduction to Desalination and Its Technologies to Fundamentals of membrane desalination processes RO process terms - continued Analytical data required for the desalination process design Chemicals used in the pretreatment process The carbonate system, alkalinity calculations Calcium carbonate saturation indicators, methods of calculation. Saturation limits of other sparingly soluble salts Scale inhibitors Coffee break

7 Day One: 19 th March 2013 Module 1 Leon Awerbuch/Mark Wilf Introduction to Desalination and Its Technologies to Fundamentals of thermal desalination processes Basic heat and mass flows for thermal plants Performance ratio definitions Thermal desalination process and energy input Multiple numbers of stages and effects

8 Seawater Reverse Osmosis Track 1 - Module 2 Dr. Mark Wilf 20 th March 2013 Module 2 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop design and process skills The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1 is recommended

9 Day Two: 20 th March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Energy Use in SWRO Components of energy use Configuration of pumping systems including energy recovery devices Calculation of energy use and energy optimization Coffee break

10 Day Two: 20 th March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Feed water sources and feed water delivery alternatives Feed water quality indicators Pretreatment system configurations Brackish desalination systems Seawater desalination systems Conventional pretreatment Membrane pretreatment Lunch break

11 Day Two: 20 th March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Pretreatment process design Pretreatment process design Components of conventional pretreatment systems Coagulation and flocculation Medial filtration Dissolved air flotation Chemicals dosing systems Sizing of conventional filtration systems Operation of conventional pretreatment system Determination of operating parameters and usage of chemicals Refreshment break

12 Day Two: 20 th March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Membrane filtration technology Fundamentals of membrane filtration technology Membranes and membrane modules configuration Membrane filtration system configurations Sizing membrane filtration systems Operation of membrane filtration system

13 Seawater Reverse Osmosis Track 2 - Module 2 Dr. Mark Wilf 21st March 2013 Module 2 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop design and process skills The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1 is recommended

14 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Membrane Application for feed water pretreatment Membrane filtration applied to wastewater reclamation Membrane filtration applied to seawater desalination Determination of operating parameters and usage of chemicals Comparison of conventional and membrane pretreatment Refreshment break RO system configurations RO unit configuration Single stage and multistage concentrate processing, two pass Permeate treatment configuration Lunch break

15 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Seawater Reverse Osmosis Introduction to desalination system design Project specifications Process development Calculation of membrane performance Process and instrumentation diagram Bill of materials Major equipment components System layout Advanced process design Split Partial two pass permeate processing Hybrid system configurations Refreshment break Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf

16 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 1 Mark Wilf Seawater Reverse Osmosis Computer projections for SWRO System Methods of RO membranes performance calculations Algorithm of computer program for performance projection Features of commercial computer programs Examples of determination of process parameters and performance calculations Optimization of system performance utilizing computer calculations Boron reduction of alternatives Adjustment of feed water ph Two pass systems Ion exchange

17 Thermal Distillation Track 2 - Module 2 Mr. Leon Awerbuch 20 th March 2013 Module 2 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop design and process skills The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1 is recommended

18 Day Two: 20st March 2013 Module 2/Track 2 Leon Awerbuch Thermal Processes MSF Process Basics of the process and the technology Different types of MSF plants: Criteria for classification; Schematic configuration 10: Coffee break MED Process Basics of the process and the technology Different types of MSF plants: Criteria for classification; Schematic configuration MED versus MSF (advantages-disadvantages Lunch break

19 Day Two: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 2 Leon Awerbuch Thermal Processes Power and desalination plant matching Desalination and power plant link and configurations Matching water and power requirements Aquifer storage Hybrid concepts Single hybrid Integrated hybrid system Refreshment break Thermal desalination applied to renewable source

20 Thermal Distillation Track 2 - Module 2 Dr. Corrado Sommariva 21st March 2013 Module 2 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop design and process skills The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1 is recommended

21 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 2 Corrado Sommariva Thermal Processes MSF system process design Stage process design Process heat transfer criteria Effect of scaling Effect of uncondensable gases/deareation Process flows diagrams Stage simulation and calculations Refreshment break

22 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 2 Corrado Sommariva Thermal Processes MED process design Stage process design Process heat transfer criteria Effect of scaling Effect of uncondensable gases/deareation Process flows diagrams Stage simulation and calculations Refreshment break

23 Day Three: 21st March 2013 Module 2/Track 2 Corrado Sommariva Thermal Processes Introduction to MSF desalination system design and calculations Calculations of MSF system and thermodynamic computer runs Process control Process pump design Process equipment design (deareator brine heater) Refreshment break Introduction to MED desalination system design and calculations Calculations of MED system and thermodynamic computer runs Process control Process pump design Process equipment design (steam transformers thermocompressor)

24 Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies Track 1 - Module 3 Dr. Sabine Lattemann 22nd March 2013 Module 3 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop skills in specific design aspects of technology. The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1/2 is recommended.

25 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies This module will focus on the environmental assessment of seawater desalination technologies in terms of resource use and waste emissions and on measures for mitigating the potential impact on the environment by sustainable, environmentally friendly designs (this will cover both technical and regulatory approaches but not the use of hydrodynamic models).

26 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies Expected learning outcomes Recognition of desalination as an industrial water treatment process which is often chemically, operationally and energy intensive and focused on large infrastructure developments, and which may therefore have significant impacts on the environment that require mitigation Ability to identify the best impact mitigation options and understanding of the concepts of environmental impact assessment (EIA) and best available techniques (BAT) as complementary approaches for ensuring the sustainable development of desalination for beneficial water use. Ability to identify the most significant environmental impacts and to increase awareness on the potential cumulative effects of desalination plants on some sea areas, such as the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea or the Gulf

27 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies :30 Introduction/Discharge of the concentrate Introduction Desalination capacities by sea regions why do they matter? Desalination an industrial water treatment process! Discharge of the concentrate physical characteristics Salinity, temperature, dissolved oxygen Density of the concentrate and mixing processes Potential impacts on the enviornment Impact mitigation measures Refreshment break

28 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies Possible chemical contents of desalination plant discharges Chlorine, antiscalants, coagulants, etc. Membrane and UF/MF cleaning chemicals Potential for toxicity or bioaccumuation Impact mitigation measures Lunch break

29 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies Intake and outfalls/energy use Intake an outfalls Design of brine intake and discharge structures Assessment of construction-related impacts Energy use Energy demand of different desalination processes Environmental implications of energy use Energy demand in perspective Impact mitigation measures Refreshment break

30 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 1 Sabine Lattemann Environmental Aspects of Desalination Technologies EIA and BAT Concept and definitions Environmental impact assessment Environmental monitoring studies Best available techniques

31 Remineralization Management and Economics Track 2 - Module 3 Dr. Roberto Borsani Dr. Corrado Sommariva 22nd March 2013 Module 3 is designed for students who have already a basic knowledge of the desalination industry and wish to develop skills in specific design aspects of technology. The course is open to all participants however attendance at Module 1/2 is recommended.

32 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Remineralization Module 3/Track 12 Roberto Borsani The basic knowledge for remineralization International standard for potable water quality Potable water quality from major end users Alkalinity, salinity and other major parameter for water quality The principal remineralization processes Desalted water quality as a function of desalination process Limestone dissolution Lime water or lime milk dosage Chemical product dosage Disinfection methods CO2 production or recovery Refreshment break

33 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 2 Roberto Borsani Remineralization Case studies and total cost analysis Remineralization of distillate water Remineralization of permeate water Remineralization of blended water from hybrid plant Innovation and new technologies Lunch break

34 Day Four: 22nd March 2013 Module 3/Track 2 Corrado Sommariva Management and Economics Cost of water Formulas for estimation of water costs Water costs sensitivities to energy, cost of money, lifetime Availability and reliability impact on water costs Basics of tariff modeling Refreshment break Criteria for budgeting Aspects affecting budgeting of a plant CAPEX FO&M-VO&M costs

35

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