Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender. The developement challenge

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender. The developement challenge"

Transcription

1 Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender Dr. M. Korman AVL-List GmbH The developement challenge Stärkung regionaler Kooperationen in der Elektromobilität 13. Oktober 2010

2 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Range Extender in Real World Operation Why Range Extender? Concept Definition - Reciprocating Piston Engine - Rotary Engine Development Methodology Real World Operation - Cold climate operation - Operation Strategy

3 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Challenge The key for market success of EVs are affordable batteries

4 Battery Weight- kg Battery Cost -Euro AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Electric Range vs. Battery weight and Cost Vehicle: 1350 kg / 75 kw Battery: 80 Wh/kg, 250 /kwh Cost / Weight versus RANGE ANXIETY NYCC + AC (1.5 kw) NEDC + AC (1,5 kw) NYCC NEDC All Electrical Range - km 0

5 Battery Weight- kg Battery Cost -Euro AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Electric Range vs. Battery weight and Cost Vehicle: 1350 kg / 75 kw Battery: 80 Wh/kg, 250 /kwh RANGE ANXIETY 500 RANGE EXTENSION Range Extender Battery All Total Electrical Range Range - km - km

6 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Distribution of Daily Driving Distances in Germany 9% 8% 45% of vehicles do not exceed 30 km and account for 20% of total driving 7% 6% >70% of vehicles do not exceed 50 km (50% of annual mileage) 5% 4% 3% City Vehicle (EV) City Vehicle (EV) + RE 2% 1% All Purpose Vehicle 0% Drive Distance [km] 2,50 27,50 52,50 77,50 102,50 127,50 Reference: IVT, [km]

7 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Range Extender in Real World Operation Why Range Extender? Concept Definition - Reciprocating Piston Engine - Rotary Engine Development Methodology Real World Operation - Cold climate operation - Operation Strategy

8 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE The Vehicle Usage Profile defines the most effective Electrification Approach Plug-In Hybrid Serial / Parallel Range Extender Serial / Parallel (direct drive ) 2- / 3- / 4 cyl. reciprocating piston engine Range Extender Pure Serial 2- / 3-cyl. reciprocating piston engine Rotary engine + - pure ICE operation pure battery operation Share of energy from battery charged by the power grid - %

9 EV + Range Extender AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Degree of Electrification Pure ICE Pure electric 100 Degree of electrification - % 9

10 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Demonstrator AVL electric vehicle Plug-in vehicle demonstrator designed for mega-city driving AVL Range Extender System for at least 250km driving range Open requirement definition and dedicated system design No passenger compartment restrictions Acceptable cost of energy storage system Competitive driving performance No performance restrictions with Range-Extender operation 10

11 AVL ELECTRIV VEHICLES Targets for Range Extender Development 1. NVH, Comfort 2. Reliability 3. Package and Weight 4. Costs 5. Performance / Efficiency 12

12 PURE RANGE EXTENDER CONCEPT INVESTIGATIONS Otto 2-cycle 1-cylinder piston controlled balancer shaft Otto 2-cycle 2-cylinder opposed pistons piston controlled Rotary Engine single piston Otto 4-cycle 2-cylinder inline balancer shaft Diesel 4-cycle 2-cylinder inline balancer shaft I NVH o + ++ o - II Package o o III Weight o o ++ o - IV Product Cost o o - o - V Efficiency o ++ Concept Studies 13

13 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Concept Study: Wankel Engine 14

14 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Key Specifications Rotary Engine Engine configuration: Single disk rotary engine Displacement : 254 cc Power: rpm Fuel consumption: 260 g/kwh Generator concept: Permanent magnet synchronous machine Thermal management: Single circuit liquid cooling Controller: AVL rapid prototyping control unit Software: Module embedded SW and CAN interface Electric output: V (12 kw above 250 V) Max. performance scaling potential: up to 36 kw electric output (= 240%) 1m averaged sound pressure: 65 dba System box dimension (L x H x W): 490 mm x 400 mm x 980 mm Engine generator unit weight: 29 kg Module weight: 65 kg 15

15 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE System Integration 16

16 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Vehicle Integration Range Extender integrated in vehicle back AVL Pure Range Extender Battery system in front of rear axle and in middle tunnel 75kW traction motor in vehicle front: - acceleration 0 60km/h: 6sec - top speed 130km/h Traction Motor High Voltage Li-Ion Battery 17

17 AVL PURE RANGE EXTENDER System integration Electric motor Air inlet: box cooling and intake air Gearbox Battery pack Generator Wankel engine Range Extender / Acoustic box Air outlet: exhaust gas mixed with cooling air 18

18 MODULE CONCEPTS OF AVL-PURE RANGE EXTENDER 1 st AND 2 nd GENERATION Gen 1 5,9 l 4,3 l Gen 2 7,8 l 18,2 l 19

19 MODULE CONCEPTS OF AVL-PURE RANGE EXTENDER 1 st UND 2 nd GENERATION Gen 1 Gen 2 Gen 1 Gen 2 Volume Intake System - l 4,3 7,8 Volume Exhaust System - l 5,9 18,2 Volume Box - l Power for box cooling - W 100 W >200W 100 W 20

20 AUDI A1 E-TRON with AVL RANGE EXTENDER Source: AUDI 21

21 AUDI A1 E-TRON with AVL RANGE EXTENDER Source: AUDI 22

22 AUDI A1 E-TRON with AVL RANGE EXTENDER Source: AUDI 23

23 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Vehicle Architecture and HV-Safety Vehicle Architecture: AC-Compressor RE-Inverter (HV) DCDC Converter Charging Plug HV-Battery Internal chargers HV-Heating Element Range Extender (HV) Junctionbox E-Motor with Transmission 12 V Battery High Voltage Low Voltage CAN-Communication Int. Charger Control Unit emotor Control Unit HV-Battery Control Unit Vehicle Control Unit Range Extender Control Unit RE Motor Control Unit High-Voltage Safety: High-Voltage Interlock Loop Emergency Shutdown Button Isolation Observer Active Bus Voltage discharge HV-Battery Service disconnect 24

24 AVL BATTERY DEVELOPMENT Development Content Optimized, reliable and fully integrated battery system development to maximize vehicle fuel economy potential for AVL electric vehicle with Range Extender Pack volume: 94,4 L Pack mass: 125 kg Module configuration (6s2p): 12 cells per module Pack configuration: 20 modules Total number of cells: 240 Battery capacity: 11kWh Pack voltage, nominal: 384 V Peak current (discharge < 10s): 560 Amp Continuous current (discharge): 280 Amp BATTERY DESIGN AND SIMULATION BATTERY INTEGRATION AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE with Range Extender BATTERY FUNCTION AND SOFTWARE BATTERY TESTING AND VALIDATION 25

25 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Range Extender in Real World Operation Why Range Extender? Concept Definition - Reciprocating Piston Engine - Rotary Engine Development Methodology Real World Operation - Cold climate operation - Operation Strategy 26

26 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Development Process and Tools 27

27 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Development Process and Tools Electric Vehicle Development AVL CRUISE and DRIVE E-Motor and PE AVL Battery development SW Dev. and Integration AVL CRUISE E-Motor layout Battery simulation SW prototyping AVL InMotion E-Motor simulation AVL battery simulation system AVL CRETA AVL DRIVE E-Motor testing AVL battery testing unit AVL RPEMS 28

28 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Range Extender in Real World Operation Why Range Extender? Concept Definition - Reciprocating Piston Engine - Rotary Engine Development Methodology Real World Operation - Cold climate operation - Operation Strategy 29

29 Geschwindigkeit [km/h Höhe [m] AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Cyle Simulation Stop-and-Go traffik: Multiple load requirments Geschwindigkeit Höhe duration/distance: spec. fuel consumpt. of RE: total fuel consumtion: Delta SOC battery: Total vehicle range: 55 min, 50 km 295 gr/kwh 1,1 L % of usable energy 267 km E Zeit [s] L 10L 10L 10L F 100% E F 53% 50% E F 39% E F E F E F E F E F Pure Electric Operation E F 8,9L 47% E F 9,5L 43% E F 9,8L 39% E F 10L 39% E F E F E F E F RE Operation Pure Electric Operation RE Operation 30

30 Required Power [kw] Required Energy [kwh] Altitude [m] Vehicle Speed [km/h] AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Velocity, Altitude and Energy Profiles of the AVL Real World Driving Route City 12% Highway 40% Extra Urban 40% City 8% ca. ca km km slope slope ca. ca. 5% 5% Vehicle System-Simul. 100 AVL Drivetrain Testbed Distance [km] 130 AVL Vehicle Data Logging 32

31 Mean Energy Consumption [kwh/100km] Vehicle Speed km/h AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLES Energy Consumption of an EV under non warmed-up Conditions Start at 5 o C with cabin heating (1,7kW 0,8 kw) Start at 21 o C w/o cabin heating Start at 5 o C w/o cabin heating Time [s] 33

32 Vehicle Speed km/h Altitude - m AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE Borderline Tests for min. battery size and RE Charging Power Requirements 600 Extra Urban upward slope driving after 7 km City + 24 km Highway driving, limited battery energy hub (7 kwh) and limited RE charging power (10kW) SOC = 31% SOC = 58% 50 ca. ca km km slope slope ca. ca. 5% 5% Limited vehicle performance No performance limitation Time S 100 BASE STRATEGY: 1. Electric drive from SOC 90% SOC 30% 2. At 30% SOC Range Extender ON (10kW) REFINED STRATEGY: 1. Electric drive from SOC 90% SOC 30% 2. > 100 km/h Range Extender ON (10kW)

33 SUMMARY Real world operation of Battery Electric Vehicle: Range Extender is a base requirement for affordable electric mobility w/o risk of empty battery (RANGE ANXIETY) Depending on usage profile, different Range Extender solutions are the respective best approaches Vehicle and Powertrain Simulation is a key methodology in order to cope with the increasing powertrain complexity. The simulation model are utilized through out the entire development process by combining it with other tools and transferring it on real time environments Not only the hardware concept, but also the operation strategies including energy request prediction will become main differentiators with all Plug-In electrical vehicles 35

34 AVL ELECTRIC VEHICLE WITH RANGE EXTENDER 36

ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES

ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES A3PS Conference, Vienna Dr. Frank Beste AVL List GmbH 1 Motivation for Powertrain Electrification Global Megatrends: Urbanization

More information

Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development

Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development The background of V60 Plug-In Hybrid Concept as presented internally at Volvo Car Corporation in May 2008 Klas Niste Project leader for Advanced Project for

More information

EHRS Impact on Engine Warm up and Fuel Economy. Edouard Barrieu

EHRS Impact on Engine Warm up and Fuel Economy. Edouard Barrieu EHRS Impact on Engine Warm up and Fuel Economy Edouard Barrieu Why Consider Exhaust Heat Recovery? Industry Challenges Fuel Economy/CO2 Regulations Real life use Labeling Opportunity Gasoline Diesel Passenger

More information

DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID.

DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID. Wien, 20.November 2014 DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID. CHRISTIAN LANDERL. IN A CHANGING WORLD, E-MOBILITY IS AN INTERESTING APPROACH. Environment Emissions and climate change

More information

Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility

Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Steiger Group External Relations Future Technologies 2013-10-02 E-mobil BW Technologietag Stuttgart, Germany

More information

Powertrain Systems. From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization. Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France.

Powertrain Systems. From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization. Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France. Powertrain Systems From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France May - June 2016 I 1 May - June 2016 Agenda 1 2 3 Drivers for Hybridization

More information

Japan Simulation Model Overview

Japan Simulation Model Overview Japan Simulation Model Overview Simulation methods for Fuel Consumption measurement of HD and HD hybrid vehicles Hisakazu Suzuki JAPAN 1 CONTENTS 1. Overview of Fuel Consumption Measurement by Simulation

More information

Hybrid shunter locomotive

Hybrid shunter locomotive Hybrid shunter locomotive 1 Hervé GIRARD, Presenting Author, 2 Jolt Oostra, Coauthor, 3 Joerg Neubauer, Coauthor Alstom Transport, Paris, France 1 ; Alstom Transport, Ridderkerk, Netherlands 2 ; Alstom

More information

A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine

A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine A Study about Particle Filter Application on a State-of-the-Art Homogeneous Turbocharged 2L DI Gasoline Engine Dr. Ingo Mikulic, Hein Koelman, Steve Majkowski, Paul Vosejpka Dow Automotive Systems 19.

More information

48V eco-hybrid Systems

48V eco-hybrid Systems 48V eco-hybrid Systems Jean-Luc MATE Vice President Continental Engineering Services France President Automotech cluster www.continental-corporation.com Division Naming European Conference on Nanoelectronics

More information

Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles

Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles FEV e-pgs, the one fits all solution? Shanghai, September 17 th 2015 P. Janssen MSc, FEV GmbH 1 Introduction 1487 Leonardo da Vinci Helicopter 1900

More information

The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy

The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy - Hybrid Tour with MainFirst Bank 28 th March 2006 Dr. Tobias Böhm Volkswagen AG Sustainability Based Aspects in Mobility Energy Greenhouse Gases CO 2 Exhaust Emissions CO,NOx,HC,PM

More information

Commerzbank AG Sustainability Conference

Commerzbank AG Sustainability Conference Commerzbank AG Sustainability Conference Dr. Christian Mohrdieck Director Drive Development Fuel Cell System Group Research & Mercedes-Benz Cars Development Frankfurt, 30 May 2012 1 Titel der Präsentation

More information

Development of fuel cell buses and vehicles Future Outlook. Monika Kentzler North Atlantic Hydrogen Association Reykjavik

Development of fuel cell buses and vehicles Future Outlook. Monika Kentzler North Atlantic Hydrogen Association Reykjavik Development of fuel cell buses and vehicles Future Outlook Monika Kentzler North Atlantic Hydrogen Association Reykjavik 23.04.2008 Daimler s Roadmap to Sustainable Mobility today future Zero-emission

More information

Structure of this presentation

Structure of this presentation Michael Matthias Structure of this presentation The copying, distribution and utilization of this document as well as the communication of its contents to others without expressed authorization is prohibited.

More information

Electric RaceAbout Finnish engineers at Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences

Electric RaceAbout Finnish engineers at Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences Electric RaceAbout Finnish engineers at Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences and designers at Lahti University of Applied Sciences developed a superefficient and clean car as a solution to

More information

Solutions for electrification of transport systems

Solutions for electrification of transport systems Solutions for electrification of transport systems Karl Klang Electric Propulsion Systems, Volvo Cars Elkraftdagen 2015 - CTH Overview Introduction Electrification history within Volvo Cars The Plug In

More information

Fuel cells for long distance emobility: Content

Fuel cells for long distance emobility: Content Zentrum für BrennstoffzellenTechnik GmbH Fuel cells for long distance emobility Development status and powertrain concepts Dr.-Ing. Jörg Karstedt, Coordinator Emobility Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Energy Summit

More information

HYDROGEN FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY.

HYDROGEN FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY. BMW Group, Tobias Brunner, 13.11.2013. HYDROGEN FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGY. OPTION FOR ELECTRIC MOBILITY ON THE LONG RANGE. Page 1 BORN ELECTRIC. BMW i3 WE DELIVER AS PROMISED. 130 160 km All Electric Range

More information

Starter Motors and Generators Bosch generators a reliable energy supply of high efficiency

Starter Motors and Generators Bosch generators a reliable energy supply of high efficiency Starter Motors and Generators Bosch generators a reliable energy supply of high efficiency 2 Bosch generators Leaders in power-output and efficiency Bosch has almost 100 years of experience in the development

More information

Warm-Up Optimisation by means of Exhaust Heat Recovery

Warm-Up Optimisation by means of Exhaust Heat Recovery Warm-Up Optimisation by means of Knowledge Library Knowledge Library Warm-Up Optimisation by means of Driven by higher requests for engine efficiency, thermal management for combustion engines is receiving

More information

Fuel Cell solutions for maritime and harbour applications Proton Motor Fuel Cell GmbH. Sebastian Dirk Venice, 14th of June

Fuel Cell solutions for maritime and harbour applications Proton Motor Fuel Cell GmbH. Sebastian Dirk Venice, 14th of June Fuel Cell solutions for maritime and harbour applications Proton Motor Fuel Cell GmbH Sebastian Dirk Venice, 14th of June The Company Proton Motor Proton Motor Fuel Cell GmbH is a leading manufacturer

More information

HRB Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System: The Hydraulic Hybrid Drive from Bosch Rexroth

HRB Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System: The Hydraulic Hybrid Drive from Bosch Rexroth HRB Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System: The Hydraulic Hybrid Drive from Bosch Rexroth Contact Eric Lindzus, Bosch Rexroth AG Bosch Rexroth AG Product Management Sales Mobile Hydraulics Innovative

More information

Welcome to the presentation of the Hybrid Trolley-Bus

Welcome to the presentation of the Hybrid Trolley-Bus Welcome to the presentation of the Hybrid Trolley-Bus Fitted with an electrical combined storage unit and used for Public Transportation O-Bus Nr. 029, Typ: ÖAF Gräf & Stift NGE 152 M17 hybrid, BBG Eberswalde,

More information

H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians. Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps

H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians. Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps Vehicles concerned electric ones In fact hybrid vehicles: FC + battery

More information

Analysis of fuel cell

Analysis of fuel cell Analysis of fuel cell commuter rail vehicles Stuart Hillmansen*1 1, D Meegahawatte1, C Roberts, P Jennings2, A McGordon2; 1University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, 2University of Warwick, United Kingdom

More information

Dynamic test environment for fuel cells From stack to vehicle energy system

Dynamic test environment for fuel cells From stack to vehicle energy system Dynamic test environment for fuel cells From stack to vehicle energy system Dynamic test environment for fuel cells From stack to vehicle energy system Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) are characterized

More information

IAA Commercial Vehicles Battery Technology. September 29 th, 2010

IAA Commercial Vehicles Battery Technology. September 29 th, 2010 IAA Commercial Vehicles Battery Technology September 29 th, 2010 Table of contents Introduction of SB LiMotive Li-Ion cells Automotive Li-Ion batteries Conclusion Page 2 Introduction of SB LiMotive JV

More information

Fraunhofer System Research for E-Mobility (FSEM) Current LCA results and need for further research

Fraunhofer System Research for E-Mobility (FSEM) Current LCA results and need for further research Fraunhofer System Research for E-Mobility (FSEM) Current LCA results and need for further research Fraunhofer System Research for E-Mobility (FSEM) Current LCA results and need for further research Dipl.-Ing.

More information

FEV Parallel Mode Strategy

FEV Parallel Mode Strategy FEV Parallel Mode Strategy Peter Janssen MSc. Dipl.-Ing Glenn Haverkort FEV Motorentechnik As the automotive industry has to react to the global concern about climate change related to CO2 emissions and

More information

HANDOUT CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL MAHLE BEHR GMBH & CO. KG STATUS: FEBRUARY 2014

HANDOUT CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL MAHLE BEHR GMBH & CO. KG STATUS: FEBRUARY 2014 HANDOUT CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL MAHLE BEHR GMBH & CO. KG STATUS: FEBRUARY 2014 CLIMATIC WIND TUNNEL FOR CAR, VAN AND TRUCK Location 70469 Stuttgart-Feuerbach, Germany Size Test section (L x W x H) 13 x 8.8

More information

System Integration of China s First Hydrail Locomotive

System Integration of China s First Hydrail Locomotive System Integration of China s First Hydrail Locomotive Prof. Dr. Weirong CHEN National Rail Transit Electrification and Automation Engineering Technique Research Centre SOUTHWEST JIAOTONG UNIVERISTY Contents

More information

Improvement of Power Saving in R134a Air-Conditioning System

Improvement of Power Saving in R134a Air-Conditioning System Improvement of Power Saving in R134a Air-Conditioning System Masahide Ishikawa, Takayoshi Matsuno, TOYOTA MOTOR CORPORATION Kazuhito Miyagawa, DENSO CORPORATION 1 Presentation Outline Impact of A/C on

More information

Hydro smart Electric vehicle with Fuel Cell Range Extender

Hydro smart Electric vehicle with Fuel Cell Range Extender Hydro smart Electric vehicle with Fuel Cell Range Extender Prof. Dr.-Ing. Hugo Gabele, Institut für Brennstoffzellentechnik (IBZ) Hochschule Esslingen Prof. Dr.-Ing. Ferdinand Panik, Institut für Brennstoffzellentechnik

More information

Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Power System Design For A Passenger Tram

Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Power System Design For A Passenger Tram Fuel Cell Based Hybrid Power System Design For A Passenger Tram Prof. Dr. CHEN Weirong Prof. Dr. LIU Zhixiang Dr. ZHANG Xuexia National Rail Transit Electrification and Automation Engineering Technique

More information

Semiconductors enablers of future mobility concepts 4. Kompetenztreffen Elektromobilität, 22. Februar 2012, Cologn

Semiconductors enablers of future mobility concepts 4. Kompetenztreffen Elektromobilität, 22. Februar 2012, Cologn Semiconductors enablers of future mobility concepts 4. Kompetenztreffen Elektromobilität, 22. Februar 2012, Cologn Kurt Sievers Executive VP & General Manager NXP Automotive Geschäftsführer NXP Semiconductors

More information

Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies

Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies Presented at the Climate Policy Initiative Meeting Center for Clean Air Policy Oct. 5, 2006 Washington DC

More information

DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS

DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS SUMMARY Contact Information: New Eagle 3588 Plymouth Road, #274 Phone: (734) 649-8156 Date: 19 June 2012 Phone 877.234.1410, Fax 928.395.2114 CONTENTS Introduction...

More information

Speed for SMEs the fastest project in

Speed for SMEs the fastest project in funded by Speed for SMEs the fastest project in Workpackages major steps WP10 creation of a new brand WP 20 working with technical partners and future customers WP 30 the car growes up, IDT re-designed

More information

Half the cost Half the carbon

Half the cost Half the carbon Half the cost Half the carbon the world s most efficient micro-chp What is BlueGEN? The most efficient small-scale electricity generator BlueGEN uses natural gas from the grid to generate electricity within

More information

«EMR and energy management of a Hybrid ESS of an Electric Vehicle»

«EMR and energy management of a Hybrid ESS of an Electric Vehicle» EMR 14 Coimbra June 2014 Summer School EMR 14 Energetic Macroscopic Representation «EMR and energy management of a Hybrid ESS of an Electric Vehicle» Dr. J. Trovão, F. Machado, Prof. A. Bouscayrol, Dr.

More information

An Approach for Designing Thermal Management Systems for EV and HEV Battery Packs

An Approach for Designing Thermal Management Systems for EV and HEV Battery Packs An Approach for Designing Thermal Management Systems for EV and HEV Battery Packs 4th Vehicle Thermal Management Systems Conference London, UK May 24-27, 1999 Ahmad A. Pesaran, Ph.D. Steven D. Burch Matthew

More information

Project Objectives. Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility. Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class

Project Objectives. Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility. Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class Project Objectives Contribute to climate change prevention Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class Add a new business

More information

HyPM Fuel Cell Power Modules

HyPM Fuel Cell Power Modules HyPM Fuel Cell Power Modules HyPM XR Fuel Cell Power Module for stationary and backup power applications HyPM HD Fuel Cell Power Module for mobility applications Purpose-built to deliver the best in performance

More information

Flux Conference 2012. High Efficiency Motor Design for Electric Vehicles

Flux Conference 2012. High Efficiency Motor Design for Electric Vehicles Flux Conference 2012 High Efficiency Motor Design for Electric Vehicles L. Chen, J. Wang, P. Lombard, P. Lazari and V. Leconte University of Sheffield, Date CEDRAT : 18 October 2012 Presented by: P. Lazari

More information

Application and Design of the ebooster from BorgWarner

Application and Design of the ebooster from BorgWarner Application and Design of the ebooster from BorgWarner Knowledge Library Knowledge Library Application and Design of the ebooster from BorgWarner With an electrically assisted compressor, the ebooster,

More information

RANGE EXTENDER DEVELOPMENT FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE USING ENGINE GENERATOR SET. A Thesis. Presented to. The Graduate Faculty of The University of Akron

RANGE EXTENDER DEVELOPMENT FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE USING ENGINE GENERATOR SET. A Thesis. Presented to. The Graduate Faculty of The University of Akron RANGE EXTENDER DEVELOPMENT FOR ELECTRIC VEHICLE USING ENGINE GENERATOR SET A Thesis Presented to The Graduate Faculty of The University of Akron In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree

More information

Drive Towards Zero, Volvo Cars Manufacturing Engineering, Luc Semeese Issue date: 2010-04-20, Security Class: Propriety Page 1

Drive Towards Zero, Volvo Cars Manufacturing Engineering, Luc Semeese Issue date: 2010-04-20, Security Class: Propriety Page 1 Page 1 Volvo Cars Electrification Strategy DRIVe Towards Zero Brussels April 20th 2010 Luc Semeese Director - Volvo Cars Manufacturing Engineering Page 2 Company philosophy : DRIVe towards Zero! Zero accidents

More information

hybrid fuel cell bus

hybrid fuel cell bus hybrid fuel cell bus PURE EMOTION PURE capacity The full passenger capacity of a standard diesel bus seats 34 standees 70 (7 passengers per sqm) total 104 Thanks to the three axles of the Van Hool A330

More information

O S L O S e m i na r N o v e m b er 5 T h e B I O G A S S u p e rbus

O S L O S e m i na r N o v e m b er 5 T h e B I O G A S S u p e rbus O S L O S e m i na r N o v e m b er 5 T h e B I O G A S S u p e rbus O S L O S e m i na r N o v e m b er 5 T h e B I O G A S S u p e rbus Agenda : Introduction : Who is Van Hool? The challenges of today

More information

Gasoline Technology Car II. New benchmark on fuel efficiency

Gasoline Technology Car II. New benchmark on fuel efficiency Gasoline Technology Car II New benchmark on fuel efficiency The second-generation Gasoline Technology Car demonstrates the huge potential of a mild hybrid when the 48V electrical system, the internal combustion

More information

MODULE III: VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND SAFETY FEATURES

MODULE III: VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND SAFETY FEATURES ELECTRIC VEHICLE SAFETY FOR EMERGENCY RESPONDERS MODULE III: VEHICLE SYSTEMS AND SAFETY FEATURES TERMINAL OBJECTIVE The students will be able to describe the operation of HEV and EV systems. ENABLING OBJECTIVES

More information

1998 GT-SUITE User Conference (US) An Analytical Study On Turbocharging A V6 SUV High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI) Diesel Engine

1998 GT-SUITE User Conference (US) An Analytical Study On Turbocharging A V6 SUV High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI) Diesel Engine 1998 GT-SUITE User Conference (US) An Analytical Study On Turbocharging A V6 SUV High Speed Direct Injection (HSDI) Diesel Engine An Analytical Study on Turbocharging A V6 SUV HSDI Diesel Engine Introduction

More information

Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency

Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-11-1 Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency May 211 Hengbing Zhao Andrew Burke Marshall Miller Institute of Transportation Studies University of

More information

RENAULT S EV STRATEGY

RENAULT S EV STRATEGY RENAULT S EV STRATEGY Th Koskas 15th May 2009 AGENDA 1. Why EV today 2. The Market 3. Renault s strategy AGENDA 1. Why EV today 2. The Market 3. Renault s strategy ➊ CO2 efficiency 100 CO2 Emission (%)

More information

Microgrid Power Systems Lowering the LCOE of Hybrid Systems

Microgrid Power Systems Lowering the LCOE of Hybrid Systems Microgrid Power Systems Lowering the LCOE of Hybrid Systems 1 LCOE Drivers and Challenges for Hybrid Systems Maximizing renewable penetration Grid stability trade offs Frequency control Spinning reserve

More information

SAE International standards work, including communication protocols and connectors, fast charge, batteries

SAE International standards work, including communication protocols and connectors, fast charge, batteries SAE International standards work, including communication protocols and connectors, fast charge, batteries Jack Pokrzywa Director SAE Ground Vehicle Standards 1 SAE History 1910 Baker Model V Electric

More information

Project Objectives. Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility. Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class

Project Objectives. Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility. Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class Project Objectives Contribute to climate change prevention Demonstrate that electric vehicle is a viable option for individual mobility Win X-PRIZE competition in the alternative class Add a new business

More information

SCOTT DRIVE 100. Features. Features

SCOTT DRIVE 100. Features. Features Features Features + 100 kw Output Power (150kW Peak) + Integrated Pre-charge Circuit + Integrated LEV200 Contactor + External Coolant / Motor Temperature Monitoring + Four 12V (10A) DC Motor Outputs +

More information

Overview. 1. Introduction 2. Simulation Background 3. Investigated Vehicles 4. Split of loss calculation in the NEDC 5. Conclusion.

Overview. 1. Introduction 2. Simulation Background 3. Investigated Vehicles 4. Split of loss calculation in the NEDC 5. Conclusion. NEDC Simulation with GT-Drive Dipl.-Ing. R. Kuberczyk Prof. Dr.-Ing. M. Bargende 12 Geschwindigkeit [km/h] 1 8 6 2 2 6 8 1 12 Zeit [s] Slide 1 Overview 1. Introduction 2. Simulation Background 3. Investigated

More information

Future Mobility Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility

Future Mobility Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Future Mobility Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Steiger Global Government Affairs Future Technologies 2014-07-04 Disclaimer The offer for shares of Scania AB (the

More information

Energy Savings through Electric-assist Turbocharger for Marine Diesel Engines

Energy Savings through Electric-assist Turbocharger for Marine Diesel Engines 36 Energy Savings through Electric-assist Turbocharger for Marine Diesel Engines KEIICHI SHIRAISHI *1 YOSHIHISA ONO *2 YUKIO YAMASHITA *3 MUSASHI SAKAMOTO *3 The extremely slow steaming of ships has become

More information

Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck

Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck 46 Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck KIYOMITSU OGAWA *1 KENSUKE FUTAHASHI *2 TEPPEI TESHIMA *1 FUMIHIRO AKAHANE *3 The demand for vehicles with reduced environmental

More information

Specifications for Volkswagen Industrial Engine

Specifications for Volkswagen Industrial Engine Volkswagen 1 industrial engine Specifications for Volkswagen Industrial Engine AFD 1.9 ltr. TDI diesel engine EURO 2 Volkswagen AG, Wolfsburg Volkswagen AG reserves the right to introduce amendments or

More information

Technical Specification. Generating Set with Waukesha engine burning natural gas

Technical Specification. Generating Set with Waukesha engine burning natural gas Technical Specification Generating Set with Waukesha engine burning natural gas The following presents the Gas Engine Generating Set (GEGS) APG1000 type, based on Waukesha gas engine 16V150LTD. Using the

More information

European Roadmap Hybridisation of Road Transport

European Roadmap Hybridisation of Road Transport European Roadmap Hybridisation of Road Transport Version June 1, 2011 ERTRAC Expert Group Enabling Technologies Table of Contents: 1. Executive summary 3 2. Introduction 4 3. Benefits and challenges of

More information

Corsa 1.0 44kW/60hp 5-speed hatchback 3 doors 1

Corsa 1.0 44kW/60hp 5-speed hatchback 3 doors 1 Corsa 1.0 44kW/60hp 5-speed hatchback 3 doors 1 1.0 TWINPORT ECOTEC Cylinders, number: 3 Stroke (mm): 78.6 Displacement (cc): 998 in line; 4 main bearings multi point fuel injection, Motronic 3-way cat.

More information

INTEGRATED OPEN DEVELOPMENT PLATTFORM FÜR TEIL- UND VOLLAUTOMATISIERTE FAHRZEUGANTRIEBE

INTEGRATED OPEN DEVELOPMENT PLATTFORM FÜR TEIL- UND VOLLAUTOMATISIERTE FAHRZEUGANTRIEBE INTEGRATED OPEN DEVELOPMENT PLATTFORM FÜR TEIL- UND VOLLAUTOMATISIERTE FAHRZEUGANTRIEBE PETER PRENNINGER A3PS MV - Peter Prenninger 2014-12-11 1 SUSTAINABILITY REQUIRES AN EFFICIENT MOBILITY SYSTEM Infrastructure

More information

CHIC: Clean Hydrogen In European Cities - demonstration of 52 FC hydrogen buses - Hannover MESSE, 10.03.2014 Dr. Philipp Krüger, hysolutions

CHIC: Clean Hydrogen In European Cities - demonstration of 52 FC hydrogen buses - Hannover MESSE, 10.03.2014 Dr. Philipp Krüger, hysolutions CHIC: Clean Hydrogen In European Cities - demonstration of 52 FC hydrogen buses - Hannover MESSE, 10.03.2014 Dr. Philipp Krüger, hysolutions CHIC background CUTE / ECTOS: 2001 2005 Demonstration of a fleet

More information

COMPENSATION OF REACTIVE INPUT POWER POWER CONSUMPTION

COMPENSATION OF REACTIVE INPUT POWER POWER CONSUMPTION ENSURE CONTINUITY OF POWER SUPPLY DATA SHEET HIGH EFFICIENCY WARRANTY COMPENSATION OF REACTIVE INPUT POWER HYBRID WORK POWER CONSUMPTION UPS from series are on-line (VFI) class devices, intended to work

More information

Electric and hybrid ships

Electric and hybrid ships VTT TECHNICAL RESEARCH CENTRE OF FINLAND LTD Electric and hybrid ships Tekes Arctic Seas seminar HTC Helsinki 19.3.2015 Mikko Pihlatie, VTT Motivation why are electric/hybrid vehicles attractive? Needs

More information

Advanced In-Wheel Electric Propulsion Technology

Advanced In-Wheel Electric Propulsion Technology Advanced In-Wheel Electric Propulsion Technology April 2011 Introduction 2 Protean Electric: Company Overview Protean Electric: Clean technology company Leading global supplier of in-wheel electric motor

More information

Hydrogen activities in the Arnhem Nijmegen City Region. Dr. P.A. Veenhuizen HAN University Arnhem

Hydrogen activities in the Arnhem Nijmegen City Region. Dr. P.A. Veenhuizen HAN University Arnhem Hydrogen activities in the Arnhem Nijmegen City Region Dr. P.A. Veenhuizen HAN University Arnhem Key players in the Arnhem Nijmegen Area Nedstack Hygear Silent Motor Company HyET Foundation Hydrogen Enterprise

More information

Vehicular Engine Design Extra Material

Vehicular Engine Design Extra Material Vehicular Engine Design Extra Material Contents Chapter 1: The Internal Combustion Engine An Introduction... 2 Problem 1.1: Calculate Total Engine Displacement... 2 Problem 1.2: Calculate Engine Power

More information

Development of a software tool to evaluate the energetic and environmental impact of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles in Brussels

Development of a software tool to evaluate the energetic and environmental impact of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles in Brussels Development of a software tool to evaluate the energetic and environmental impact of Electric and Hybrid Vehicles in Brussels Ir. J. Van Mierlo Ir. W. Deloof Prof. Dr. Ir. G. Maggetto Vrije Universiteit

More information

Fun facts: smart electric drive information:

Fun facts: smart electric drive information: Fun facts: Regenerative braking? Hold on to your science seats. When the car is coasting and when the driver first touches the brake pedal, the electric motor acts as a generator. This slows the car and

More information

Variable Speed Pump Drives for Industrial Machinery System Considerations

Variable Speed Pump Drives for Industrial Machinery System Considerations Sy Variable Speed Pump Drives for Industrial Machinery System Considerations Jan Komsta, Ph.D. Bosch Rexroth 11.19.2013 Chicago 1 Variable Speed Pump Drives for Industrial Machinery Why speed variable

More information

Open Source 100kW Electric Vehicle Controller/Inverter

Open Source 100kW Electric Vehicle Controller/Inverter Open Source 100kW Electric Vehicle Controller/Inverter To be used with an AC Induction Motor Description By Tony Ahmann Abstract The Open Source 100kW Electric Vehicle Controller/Inverter acts as the bridge

More information

Reducing AC Power Consumption By Compressor Downsizing on a Sports Utility Vehicle

Reducing AC Power Consumption By Compressor Downsizing on a Sports Utility Vehicle Purdue University Purdue e-pubs International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference School of Mechanical Engineering 2006 Reducing AC Power Consumption By Compressor Downsizing on a Sports Utility

More information

Systematic Optimisation of Gearboxes for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in Terms of Efficiency, NVH and Durability

Systematic Optimisation of Gearboxes for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in Terms of Efficiency, NVH and Durability Systematic Optimisation of Gearboxes for Hybrid and Electric Vehicles in Terms of Efficiency, NVH and Durability Dr. Artur Grunwald GKN Driveline 1 Content of presentation Scope and introduction Gearbox

More information

AIT Austrian Institute of Technology

AIT Austrian Institute of Technology AIT Austrian Institute of Technology your ingenious partner The Electric Energy Storages Library e-monday am 22. September 2014 H. Kapeller, D. Dvorak Overview Short Introduction of AIT Austrian Institute

More information

Electric RaceAbout ERA. 30.9.2008 Sami Ruotsalainen

Electric RaceAbout ERA. 30.9.2008 Sami Ruotsalainen Electric RaceAbout ERA Sami Ruotsalainen Sami Ruotsalainen 2 ERA Electric RaceAbout Finnish engineers at Helsinki Metropolia University of Applied Sciences and designers at Lahti University of Applied

More information

D0834 LOH Performance diagrams. D0834 LOH Technical data. Engines. 162 kw 151 kw 132 kw. 162 kw. 151 kw 132 kw

D0834 LOH Performance diagrams. D0834 LOH Technical data. Engines. 162 kw 151 kw 132 kw. 162 kw. 151 kw 132 kw D0834 LOH D0834 LOH Performance diagrams Engines Piston displacement 4.6 liter bore 108 mm stroke 125 mm Power output for EURO 3, EURO 4, EURO 5 and EEV Emission standard EEV EURO 5 EURO 4 EURO 3 Engine

More information

Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck

Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck SAE Paper 21-1-1931 Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck Dominik Karbowski, Antoine Delorme, Aymeric Rousseau Argonne National Laboratory, USA SAE 21 Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress

More information

CLEAN SNOWMOBILE Queen's Fuel Cell Team - SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge 2013

CLEAN SNOWMOBILE Queen's Fuel Cell Team - SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge 2013 CLEAN SNOWMOBILE FUEL CELL INDUSTRY OTHER APPLICATIONS Produces 540- hp from fuel cells Top Speed ~ 300km/h (~188 mph) Image courtesy of: http://www.autoguide.com THE SYSTEM MOTOR AC-35 by HPEV Curtis

More information

Abstract. Considerations when developing a motor generator solution for green commercial vehicles

Abstract. Considerations when developing a motor generator solution for green commercial vehicles Issue #WP104: Technical Information from Cummins Generator Technologies Considerations when developing a motor generator solution for green commercial vehicles White Paper Dr Krzysztof Wejrzanowski Dr

More information

New Jeep Cherokee Technical specifications

New Jeep Cherokee Technical specifications New Jeep Cherokee Technical specifications Specifications are based on the latest product information available at the time of publication. All dimensions are in millimeters at curb weight and with standard

More information

Engineering at Illinois

Engineering at Illinois Emerging Hybrid and Electric Vehicles and Their Impact on Energy and Emissions P. T. Krein Director, Grainger Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

More information

Principles of Engine Operation

Principles of Engine Operation Internal Combustion Engines ME 422 Yeditepe Üniversitesi Principles of Engine Operation Prof.Dr. Cem Soruşbay Information Prof.Dr. Cem Soruşbay İstanbul Teknik Üniversitesi Makina Fakültesi Otomotiv Laboratuvarı

More information

The Audi A3 Sportback e-tron

The Audi A3 Sportback e-tron The Audi A3 Sportback e-tron The A3 Sportback e-tron* from Audi is a latest-generation plug-in-hybrid car. The premium compact vehicle will go on sale from 2014 and is a genuine Audi. It combines sporty

More information

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION Ahmed Imtiaz Uddin, Jerry Ku, Wayne State University Outline Introduction Model development Modeling

More information

Vectra Caravan 1.8 90kW/122hp 5-speed station wagon 5 doors 1

Vectra Caravan 1.8 90kW/122hp 5-speed station wagon 5 doors 1 Vectra Caravan 1.8 90kW/122hp 5-speed station wagon 5 doors 1 1.8 ECOTEC front, transverse in front of axle, 7 50' forward inclined Bore (mm): 80.5 Stroke (mm): 88.2 Displacement (cc): 1796 Compression

More information

HYPERION. HEINZMANN Hybrid Drives for On- and Off-Highway Applications. Integrated motor generator (IMG) for different internal combustion engines

HYPERION. HEINZMANN Hybrid Drives for On- and Off-Highway Applications. Integrated motor generator (IMG) for different internal combustion engines HYPERION HEINZMANN Hybrid Drives for On- and Off-Highway Applications Integrated motor generator (IMG) for different internal combustion engines Increased Reduced Effi ciency Dynamics Performance Torque

More information

Battery Review. Paul Newsome, Chief Technical Officer Okan Tur, Chief Technical Specialist, Williams

Battery Review. Paul Newsome, Chief Technical Officer Okan Tur, Chief Technical Specialist, Williams Battery Review Paul Newsome, Chief Technical Officer Okan Tur, Chief Technical Specialist, Williams Williams Advanced Engineering Formula E 28 Feb 2014 WILLIAMS ADVANCED ENGINEERING We are a world class

More information

Hungarian private ownership. One of the most dynamically growing young engineering and IT companies of Central Europe

Hungarian private ownership. One of the most dynamically growing young engineering and IT companies of Central Europe Structure Hungarian private ownership One of the most dynamically growing young engineering and IT companies of Central Europe 24 000 22 000 20 000 18 000 16 000 14 000 12 000 10 000 8 000 6 000 4 000

More information

Modelling and optimization of renewable energy supply for electrified vehicle fleet

Modelling and optimization of renewable energy supply for electrified vehicle fleet Modelling and optimization of renewable energy supply for electrified vehicle fleet Dipl. Ing. Torsten Schwan Dipl. Ing. René Unger EA Systems Dresden GmbH Prof. Dr. Ing. Bernard Bäker Institute of Automotive

More information

Innovative technologies and solutions for (e-)buses

Innovative technologies and solutions for (e-)buses Innovative technologies and solutions for (e-)buses Bremen, December 2013 Page 1 18 Dec 2012 Arriva@Crystal Copyright Siemens AG 2013 Siemens AG 2012. All rights reserved. Siemens Corporate Account Management

More information

Cat Electronic Technician 2015A v1.0 Product Status Report 4/20/2016 2:49 PM

Cat Electronic Technician 2015A v1.0 Product Status Report 4/20/2016 2:49 PM Page 1 of 19 Cat Electronic Technician 2015A v1.0 Product Status Report 2:49 PM Product Status Report Parameter Value Product ID WRK00337 Equipment ID WRK00337 Comments A01-52 C9 330D (THX37891) Parameter

More information

P. Hoecker, F. Pflüger, Dr. J.W. Jaisle, Dr. S. Münz. Modern turbocharging designs for passenger car diesel engines. Academy

P. Hoecker, F. Pflüger, Dr. J.W. Jaisle, Dr. S. Münz. Modern turbocharging designs for passenger car diesel engines. Academy P. Hoecker, F. Pflüger, Dr. J.W. Jaisle, Dr. S. Münz Modern turbocharging designs for passenger car diesel engines. Academy 1. Demands on future passenger car diesel engines. The maximum value to be expected

More information

Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle

Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle K.Ogawa, T.Yamamoto, T.Yoneyama Railway Technical Research Institute, TOKYO, JAPAN 1. Abstract For the purpose of an environmental

More information