1 Spill Kits and Incidental Spill Response June 2012
2 This training is intended to be educational and should not be construed as legal guidance. It is provided as a courtesy to our customers and others who may benefit from the information contained herein. New Pig Corporation assumes no responsibility for misuse or mishandling of our information or products.
3 What is the difference between an incidental spill and an emergency spill?
4 Incidental or emergency? The quantity of product spilled does not by itself determine if an incidental spill has occurred. Several variables, including the volume of the spill, must be considered... Examples of other variables include the type of material spilled and the location of the spill. OSHA interpretation letter July 31, 1990
5 Incidental or emergency? An incidental release: Does not pose a significant safety or health hazard to employees in the immediate vicinity or to the employee cleaning it up Does not have the potential to become an emergency within a short time Is limited in quantity, exposure potential or toxicity
6 Incidental or emergency? According to an OSHA interpretation letter, for the definition of emergency response to be satisfied, the release or situation must pose an emergency.
7 Incidental or emergency? Examples of an emergency include: It may cause high levels of exposures to toxic substances It is life or injury threatening Employees must evacuate the area It poses Immediately Dangerous to Life and Health (IDLH) conditions It poses a fire and explosion hazard It requires immediate attention because of danger It represents an oxygen deficient condition
8 Incidental or emergency? Consider: The properties of hazardous substances onsite, such as toxicity, volatility, flammability, explosiveness, corrosiveness, etc. The particular circumstances of the release itself, such as volume spilled, confined space considerations, ventilation, etc. Employees level of knowledge Personal protective equipment (PPE) available
9 Incidental or emergency? There is no one-size-fits all answer to whether a spill is incidental or an emergency release. The answer is facility and spill-specific
10 Being Prepared
11 Preparing for the not-so-worst Many regulations require facilities to prepare for the worst-case scenario spill. While this is important; according to the National Response Center, most spills in fixed facilities are less than 10 gallons, making response to incidental spills an important consideration.
12 Preparing for the not-so-worst Employees who are trained to clean up incidental spills have the ability to: Safely and efficiently clean up incidental spills Keep the workplace cleaner and safer Minimize slip and fall incidents Quickly recognize spill hazards that are beyond the scope of their training
13 Response Basics
14 Before a spill happens All employees need to be trained on their specific roles and responsibilities for spills. Even if the only action an employee will take is to evacuate the area, response plans need to state this Plans should also establish exit routes and list the location that employees should report to after evacuating
15 Learning the rules Because the type of liquid spilled and its quantity play a role in spill response, facility response plans should provide guidance on what is considered to be incidental at your facility, and what defines an emergency response.
16 Learning the rules There may be different rules for different types of chemical spills within the facility. Example: Clean up a 20-gallon oil spill Sound an alarm and evacuate the facility for any ammonia spill
17 Learning the rules Employees who will be involved in responding to emergency releases must be properly trained to the criteria in OSHA s Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response (HAZWOPER) regulation [29 CFR ]. Incidental spill response is not covered under the HAZWOPER standard
18 Steps for Incidental Spill Response
19 1. Determine the scope Does the spill meet your facility s definition of incidental? If it does not, follow your facility s procedures for evacuating the area and notifying trained spill responders If you are not sure, ask a supervisor
20 2. Safety first Life safety is always the top priority in spill situations. If it is not safe for you to remain in the area to clean up a spill, the spill may no longer be incidental Do not enter a spill area to help victims. Notify trained responders who will be able to do this safely
21 3. Inform and block Notify your supervisor and coworkers in the area of the spill to help avoid slip and fall or other injuries Limit or stop foot, cart, forklift or other traffic through the spill area
22 4. Protect yourself Don the proper personal protective equipment (PPE) before cleaning up a spill. Proper PPE may be: What you normally wear Specialized clothing or protective gear Check Safety Data Sheets (SDS) or the facility response plan to be sure
23 5. Use appropriate spill response materials Before a spill, learn how to use the spill response materials available at the facility. Spill response materials can include items such as: Absorbent mats and socks Shovels, brooms or other tools Vacuums Neutralizers Temporary disposal bags and labels
24 6. Decontaminate After the spill is cleaned up, decontaminate the floor, tools and any other surfaces that were exposed to the spill.
25 7. Bag or containerize wastes Clean up used spill response materials Properly label disposal bags or containers or ask your supervisor for the appropriate actions to be taken
26 8. Restock Restock or replace items used during the spill response so that materials will be ready for the next incident
27 What items should be included in a spill kit?
28 Spill Kits Although OSHA and EPA require facilities to be prepared for spills, neither has a comprehensive list of required spill response materials. Spill kits are a convenient way to be prepared for spills and comply with various regulations
29 Spill Kits Because spills and levels of training vary, it is the employer s responsibility to determine which materials and tools will work best for their possible scenarios. Many responders use a variety of materials and techniques such as: Absorbents Vacuums Dikes Neutralizing
30 Spill Kits Spill kits traditionally contain some or all of the following items: Absorbent socks and mats Loose absorbents Temporary disposal bags Plugs, repair items and tools Basic PPE
31 Spill Kits When selecting absorbents, make sure that they will be compatible with the liquids spilled. In general: Cellulose-based absorbents are good for noncorrosive spills Polypropylene or other inert materials are necessary for corrosive spills Absorbents do not neutralize a spill or make it less hazardous
32 Spill Kits Spill response items can be housed in cabinets, placed on shelving, stored in plastic containers or bags or kept in cardboard boxes. No matter what type of container is used, it is critical for workers to easily find and access the materials in the spill kit when they are needed.
33 Spill Kits Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) is often stored with spill response supplies to help ensure that employees have the proper protection when responding to a spill. PPE for incidental spills may be as simple as a pair of goggles and gloves. Check Safety Data Sheets (SDS) for guidance.
34 Spill Kits Response tools can be stored in or near a spill kit. Common tools include: Brooms, dustpans and shovels Vacuums Drain covers Nonabsorbent containment dikes Plugs and other patch and repair items Wrenches, hammers or other hand tools
35 Spill Kits If you are creating your own spill kit for incidental spills, be sure to pack it in the order the materials will be used: Disposal bags on the bottom Absorbent mats next Absorbent socks on top of the mats PPE on top
36 Spill Kits Spill kits for larger spills are packed similarly to small spill kits. Keep PPE on top Consider bins or bags for absorbents and tools so they can be removed easily without dumping the whole kit onto the ground to find materials that are needed
37 Stocking Materials Spill response materials and tools should be easy to find and access. Consider: Brightly colored kit containers or labels Using signs to identify kit locations Placing several small kits throughout the facility in spill-prone areas such as fluid dispensing areas, production lines and waste collection stations
38 Thank You New Pig PIG and the PIG logo are trademarks in the U.S. and other countries.
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