1 ESSENTIALS OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Craig B. Simonsen, Paralegal Seyfarth Shaw LLP
2 This presentation is based on Craig B. Simonsen s, Essentials of Environmental Law, 3 rd Ed. (Pearson Prentice Hall, 2007)
3 A corresponding Internet Website to this presentation has been made available to attendees This Website will allow attendees to link to, at any time, the many links shown during this presentation The Website, which is found at (under the Presentations tab), with all of its active links, will remain available to attendees indefinitely
4 The Major Environmental Laws Clean Air Act (CAA) Clean Water Act (CWA) Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA)
5 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA) Emergency Planning And Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) Endangered Species Act (ESA) National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
6 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW LINKS GENERALLY U.S. EPA s Homepage at:
7 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW LINKS GENERALLY Federal Environmental Laws, generally at:
8 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW LINKS GENERALLY Federal Environmental Rules, generally at:
9 ENVIRONMENTAL LAW LINKS GENERALLY U.S. EPA s EnviroFacts Warehouse at:
10 Clean Air Act (CAA) Overview of Environmental Law CAA protects and enhances the quality of the air -- Regulation Of criteria pollutants NAAQS State Implementation Plans Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) New Source Review (NSR)
11 CAA Continued Overview of Environmental Law New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) Regulation Of Hazardous Air Pollutants (HAPs) Operating Permits Clean Air Act Permit Program (CAAPP) permits State permit programs Enforcement
12 CAA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards The NAAQS criteria pollutants are listed at
13 CAA Links Overview of Environmental Law Best Available Control Technology (BACT) Determinations, found at The NSR Policy and Guidance database is available at:
14 CAA Links Overview of Environmental Law The NSPS are listed at: The NESHAPS are listed at:
15 CAA Links Overview of Environmental Law The list of HAPs is at:
16 Clean Water Act (CWA) Primary federal statute regulating water pollution NPDES permit system NPDES permit issuance procedure NPDES permit conditions applied based on limits, standards, and prohibitions
17 CWA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Oil and hazardous substances Pretreatment programs Publicly Owned Treatment Works (POTWs) Section 404 (COE) permits Enforcement
18 CWA Links U.S. EPA s Office of Water. The NPDES Permit Writer's Manual is at: cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/writermanual.cfm?program_id=45.
19 CWA Links The U.S. EPA s guidance memorandum on Best Management Practices (BMPs) in NPDES Permits is at: Currently, 45 states have approved NPDES permit programs -- cfpub.epa.gov/npdes/statestribes/astatus.cfm.
20 Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA) Cradle-to-grave management of solid waste State or Regional Solid Waste Plans Hazardous Waste Identification of hazardous waste The permit program Treatment, Storage, and Disposal (TSD) rules
21 RCRA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Generator status Waste manifests Land Disposal Restrictions (LDRs) Underground Storage Tank (UST) program State program authority Enforcement
22 RCRA Links The U.S. EPA Office of Solid Waste. U.S. EPA s Introduction to RCRA Solid Waste Programs.
23 RCRA Links Characteristic hazardous waste determination procedure, found at 40 C.F.R Region V s USTs Webpage with Checklist.
24 RCRA Links The EPA s RCRA State Authorization Webpage. U.S. EPA s RCRA Training Modules.
25 Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Regulates chemical substances and mixtures Regulates both the distribution ofexisting chemicals and the manufacture of new chemicals based on their risks to health and the environment TSCA Inventory Premanufacture Notices (PMNs) EPA review of PMNs TSCA testing provisions
26 TSCA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Significant New Use Rules (SNURs) Regulation of unreasonable risk under 6 Regulation of PCBs under TSCA Regulation of asbestos under TSCA Reporting and recordkeeping requirements Enforcement
27 TSCA Links EPA s Office of Pollution Prevention & Toxics (OPPT). The Agency s PMN Instruction Manual.
28 TSCA Links The Annotated PMN Form - Guide to PMN Submitters. EPA s Consumer Factsheet on: Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs).
29 TSCA Links The ATSDR s ToxFAQs for Polychlorinated Biphenyls (PCBs). The EPA s asbestos Website.
30 Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, And Liability Act (CERCLA) First emergency cleanup response statute Removal and remedial programs National Contingency Plan (NCP)
31 CERCLA Continued Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Site Ranking System (HRS) National Priorities List (NPL) Superfund site process Cleanup actions
32 CERCLA Continued Selecting the appropriate remedy Small Business Liability Relief and Brownfields Revitalization Act
33 CERCLA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA s Office of Solid Waste and Emergency Response (OSWER). U.S. EPA s Guidance Memorandum on Use and Issuance of Administrative Orders Under Section 106(a) of CERCLA.
34 CERCLA Links Overview of Environmental Law An example of an actual 104(e) information request letter. Region 10 s Section 106 UOA for RI/FS.
35 CERCLA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA s Final Guidance on Preparing Waste-in Lists and Volumetric Rankings Under CERCLA. The Comprehensive Remedial Investigation Feasibility Study For Tan Ou 1-10 At Ineel.
36 Emergency Planning And Community Right-To-Know Act (EPCRA) Expanded the federal role in emergency planning Gave citizens right to get information about potential chemical hazards in their communities Emergency planning
38 EPCRA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA s Chemical Emergency Preparedness and Prevention Office (CEPPO). U.S. EPA s Title III List of Lists.
39 EPCRA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA s Tier II Chemical Inventory Reports/Tier2 Submit Web page. U.S. EPA s EPCRA Section 313 Reporting Blue Brochure.
40 EPCRA Links Overview of Environmental Law U.S. EPA s 2005 TRI Reporting Forms and Instructions on the Internet.
41 Endangered Species Act (ESA) Purposes of the ESA are: To conserve the ecosystem To provide for conservation of endangered and threatened species To implement existing treaties and conventions affecting wildlife, fish, and plants The federal agencies involved: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service National Marine Fisheries Service
42 ESA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Defining a species An endangered species is one that is in danger of extinction throughout its range A threatened species is one likely to become endangered within the foreseeable future
43 ESA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Listing of species and designation of critical habitat Takings civil and criminal Sanctions Incidental takes and Habitat Conservation Plans (HCPs) Implementation of CITES Freedom of religion exemptions
44 ESA Links The National Marine Fisheries Service. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
45 ESA Links The Endangered Species Section 7 Consultation Handbook. Application for an incidental take permit, generally known as a Habitat Conservation Plan
46 National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Applies solely to the federal government Requires federal agencies to act as stewards for national resources Environmental assessment Finding of No Significant Impact (FONSI)
47 NEPA Continued Overview of Environmental Law Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) EPA review of the draft EIS The final EIS
48 NEPA Links Overview of Environmental Law Council on Environmental Quality. Environmental Assessment for DOE Interim Final Rule, 10 CFR Part 433.
49 NEPA Links Overview of Environmental Law DOE s FONSI for a Navel Reactor Fuel Materials Facility. DOE s Supplement to the Draft EIS for a Coal-to-Clean Fuels Project.
50 NEPA Links Overview of Environmental Law Record of Decision (ROD) for the Hood River Fisheries Program.
51 OVERVIEW OF ENVIRONMENTAL LAW Craig B. Simonsen, Paralegal Seyfarth Shaw LLP
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