The Detection of Neural Fatigue during intensive conditioning for football: The Potential of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "The Detection of Neural Fatigue during intensive conditioning for football: The Potential of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation"

Transcription

1 The Detection of Neural Fatigue during intensive conditioning for football: The Potential of Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Carl Wells PhD Sport Science Lead, Perform, National Football Centre, St. George s Park

2 Recovery Status: So What Assessment of Recovery Status = WHY??????? Capability to perform effectively and safely during these intense periods of competition / training / rehab. Definition: An index of the impact frequent exposure to high loads has on an individual s Physiological integrity. Performance Physiological Function

3 Recovery Status in Football: A Topical Area Club and Country Fixtures Commercial duties: Pre-season / offseason schedules Intensive Conditioning / Rehabilitation

4 Physical Loads: A Variety HIE Load: Mechanical Locomotive Metabolic Football Physical Loads Competition Load Complimentary Training Loads

5 Physical Loads: The Bigger Picture HI Distance km 120 km 3000 Player 1600 Acc/ Decc 300 No. Sprints 50

6 Physical Loads: The Increasing Demands in the EPL Number of Activities Performed High-Intensity Activities Type of Activity Sprint Number Barnes et al., (2014)

7 High Physical Load Games / Rehab Condition of Over reaching: Temporal Reduction in performance Sufficient Recovery Reduced Recovery Periods Insufficient Recovery Super-compensation Improved Performance Management of recovery status, performance decrement minimised Condition of Over-training and chromic fatigue

8 Detecting Recovery Status during Intensive Conditioning

9 PFA Intensive Rehab Scheme Specific Needs of an Intensive Rehab Scheme Use with players at various stages of rehabilitation Need quick results to ensure injury integrity Non-invasive Player Adherence!!

10 Key Considerations when assessing Recovery Status 1. Select measures that provide the best data 2. Use this data to individualise recovery strategies

11 1. Detecting Recovery Status Neuromuscular Function / integrity: Jump Tests Performance tests: Speed, Endurance Physical Output Measures Movement Analysis: GPS Neural Function: Central and Peripheral??? Player Recovery Status Hormonal / Enzyme: Ig, Testosterone Psycho-Physical Process Measures Biological Measures: HRV Wellness Assessment

12 2. Using Recovery Status Data to Individualise Recovery strategies 5 Recovery Strategy Physical Load - Intensity Classification Volume: Total Distance Minutes Trained + Played Intensity HI Distance HI Actions Age and injury history Recovery Duration (hrs)

13 2. Using Recovery Status Data to Individualise Recovery strategies Previous strategy is not player specific, more physical output specific! Can we individualise further based on the physiology of the player? Hypothesis: Do highly explosive players who often possess greater proportions of type II muscle fibres require greater recovery periods?

14 2. Using Recovery Status Data to Individualise Recovery strategies Greatest Mechanical Loads: Accels/ decels, Dynamic actions Highest Locomotive Load: Max speeds attained, HI distance Physical Outputs (Relative to activity Level) Often greatest internal Load: mins> 85% MHR, HR Trimp High Explosive Players Heightened muscle damage from high-force eccentric actions Physical Responses Excessive depletion of phosphate stores Potential for greater neural fatigue:

15 2. Using Recovery Status Data to Individualise Recovery strategies Rational for this hypothesis - Fast twitch fibres demonstrate: Greater levels of neural fatigue during repeated 5 s MVCs (Hamada et al., 2003) Require higher neural activation thresholds = central drive issues!! Greater amounts of neurotransmitter secretion = central and peripheral issues!! Combined creates Enhanced Synaptic Depression in type II fibres HOW CAN NEURAL FUNCTION BE AFFECTIVELY ASSESSED?

16 Neural Function Assessment Traditional Direct Electrical Stimulation: Peripheral Can be delivered via surface or implanted electrodes

17 Neural Function Assessment Direct Electrical Stimulation: Central + Supra-spinal it s hard (and painful) to non-invasively stimulate the brain because the skull gets in the way Can also struggle to excite deep nerves

18 Alternative Technology: Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation TMS: What is it and how does it work? An alternative approach is to induce electrical fields in tissue via an electrical magnetic field (Magnetic Stimulation) An intense magnetic field pulse will induce electric fields approx. 300 V/m, and subsequent low level currents (Farady s Law of Induction) The induced current activates presynaptic elements that project to the output neurons, which then activate the muscle

19

20 Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation; A Solution?? Advantages of TMS Non-invasive + Relatively benign / painless Enables stimulation of deep neural structures Assess Central / Cortical + Peripheral neural function

21 Parameters Obtained from TMS Resting Motor Threshold Electrical stimulation required for a motor evoked response: Unit of TMS Dose (Goodall et al., 2012) Typically expressed as percentage of generator output Can provides information on Cortical excitability Fatigued state require greater magnetic impulse to create tetanus contraction

22 Parameters Obtained from TMS Motor Evoked Potential (MEP) MEP is an electrical potential recorded from a muscle following stimulation of the cortex via TMS MEP Latency = Central Motor Conduction Time MEP Amplitude = Corticospinal Excitability Information on the neural pathway from Cortex to Muscle Not specifically central fatigue

23 Parameters Obtained from TMS Cortical Voluntary Activation - Twitch Interpolation If MVC can be increased with TMS stimulation provides an index of central fatigue TMS Stimulation

24 Application of TMS Practical Considerations Measures require EMG analysis! Controlling variables: - Body Position - Agonist / Antagonist Strength Ratios - Identification of site of neural modulation? Adherence during maximal protocols

25 Application of TMS Evidence for the use of TMS in Sport and Exercise Neural adaptations to strength training (Carroll et al., 2009) Detected fatigue within and after a repeated sprint protocol (Goodhall et al., 2014) Exciting research as an indicator of over-reaching in cyclists (Ross et al., 2010)

26 Application of TMS Current and Future Directions Assessing the robustness and sensitivity of TMS parameters Creating a usable / practical framework to collect TMS data Begin collecting data on players within periods of intensive conditioning Correlate findings with different player types

27 In Summary The multi-faceted nature of football may require several measures of recovery status: fitting the needs of the player and the club However, effective measurement of neural fatigue is still not commonplace Yet such information is crucial to individualise recovery protocols TMS could provide a potential solution, early signs are promising

28 THANK YOU

Principles of Training

Principles of Training Principles of Training Frequency Basic health related fitness 3-4 x per week The greater the aerobic component of the event, the more frequent the training Non endurance athletes frequency 3x per week

More information

Effects of transvertebral direct current stimulation in healthy humans: Results from an ongoing randomized cross over study

Effects of transvertebral direct current stimulation in healthy humans: Results from an ongoing randomized cross over study Effects of transvertebral direct current stimulation in healthy humans: Results from an ongoing randomized cross over study Radha Korupolu, MBBS, MS (PGY4) Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation University

More information

Chapter 7: The Nervous System

Chapter 7: The Nervous System Chapter 7: The Nervous System Objectives Discuss the general organization of the nervous system Describe the structure & function of a nerve Draw and label the pathways involved in a withdraw reflex Define

More information

GCE PHYSICAL EDUCATION PE2 UNIT GUIDE. Content Title: Methods of training. Practical Application/Explanation. Fartlek training. Continuous training

GCE PHYSICAL EDUCATION PE2 UNIT GUIDE. Content Title: Methods of training. Practical Application/Explanation. Fartlek training. Continuous training Content Title: Methods of training Key points GCE PHYSICAL EDUCATION Different methods of training How to design specific training sessions How to design a training programme PE2 UNIT GUIDE Practical Application/Explanation

More information

Resting membrane potential ~ -70mV - Membrane is polarized

Resting membrane potential ~ -70mV - Membrane is polarized Resting membrane potential ~ -70mV - Membrane is polarized (ie) Electrical charge on the outside of the membrane is positive while the electrical charge on the inside of the membrane is negative Changes

More information

ELEC 811 Skeletal Muscle Anatomy and Function. Skeletal muscles act on bones to produce movement of the limb and to move (lift and carry) objects.

ELEC 811 Skeletal Muscle Anatomy and Function. Skeletal muscles act on bones to produce movement of the limb and to move (lift and carry) objects. ELEC 811 Skeletal Muscle Anatomy and Function The primary function of a skeletal muscle is to generate forces, by contracting; these forces allow us to move through and interact with our environment Skeletal

More information

Interval Training. Interval Training

Interval Training. Interval Training Interval Training Interval Training More work can be performed at higher exercise intensities with same or less fatigue than in continuous training Fitness Weight Loss Competition Baechle and Earle, Essentials

More information

BIOM Muscles and Myoelectric Signals

BIOM Muscles and Myoelectric Signals Slides 5E.1 BIOM 5010 Muscles and Myoelectric Signals Copyright by A. Adler 2011, material from D. Townsend 2009 + from Medical Instrumentation, J.G. Webster Slides 5E.2 Myoelectric Signals Skeletal (voluntary

More information

FARTLEK TRAINING INTERVAL TRAINING SPRINT TRAINING STRENGTH TRAINING

FARTLEK TRAINING INTERVAL TRAINING SPRINT TRAINING STRENGTH TRAINING FARTLEK TRAINING INTERVAL TRAINING SPRINT TRAINING STRENGTH TRAINING Compiled by JOHN O HALLORAN FARTLEK TRAINING Involves alternating fast and slow running over varying terrain. It is an informal method

More information

Overtraining with Resistance Exercise

Overtraining with Resistance Exercise ACSM CURRENT COMMENT Overtraining with Resistance Exercise One of the fastest growing and most popular types of exercise in recent years is resistance exercise, whether used for the purpose of general

More information

UNIT 3: AREA OF STUDY 2

UNIT 3: AREA OF STUDY 2 UNIT 3: AREA OF STUDY 2 PHYSIOLOGICAL RESPONSES TO PHYSICAL ACTIVITY TOPIC 1: FOODS, FUELS AND ENERGY SYSTEMS Energy from muscular contraction comes from Adenosine Triphosphate. An acceptable abbreviation

More information

Muscle Fatigue and the Mechanisms of Task Failure

Muscle Fatigue and the Mechanisms of Task Failure ARTICLE Muscle Fatigue and the Mechanisms of Task Failure Sandra K. Hunter 1, Jacques Duchateau, 2 and Roger M. Enoka 3 1 Exercise Science Program, Department of Physical Therapy, Marquette University,

More information

PRINCIPLES FOR A RATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF THE TRAINING PROCESS AIMED AT SPEED DEVELOPMENT

PRINCIPLES FOR A RATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF THE TRAINING PROCESS AIMED AT SPEED DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES FOR A RATIONAL ORGANIZATION OF THE TRAINING PROCESS AIMED AT SPEED DEVELOPMENT by Prof. Yuri V. Verkoshansky The development of the speed of execution of the specific activity is the main training

More information

WORKING OUT HEART RATE ZONES AND USING THEM AS A TRAINING TOOL

WORKING OUT HEART RATE ZONES AND USING THEM AS A TRAINING TOOL WORKING OUT HEART RATE ZONES AND USING THEM AS A TRAINING TOOL The information below will enable you to understand, calculate and integrate heart rate zone work into your training. It is in an effective

More information

POLAR HEART RATE MONITORING NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING

POLAR HEART RATE MONITORING NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING POLAR HEART RATE MONITORING NORTHEASTERN UNIVERSITY STRENGTH AND CONDITIONING WHAT IS POLAR HEART RATE MONITORING? Measures: Heart rate Training load + intensity How hard the athlete is working Calories

More information

ABOUT US. Why train using the ACTIV8 Program? - Restoration of movement. Performance Enhancement & Injury Prevention

ABOUT US. Why train using the ACTIV8 Program? - Restoration of movement. Performance Enhancement & Injury Prevention ABOUT US Mission Statement - ACTIV8 Strength and Conditioning Program is committed to providing training experience for each participant. Our focus is on building a strong and functionally fit human being

More information

The physiological background of EMG

The physiological background of EMG The physiological background of EMG Lida Mademli Centre of Research & Technology - Hellas Informatics & Telematics Institute Definition of EMG Electromyography: The discipline that deals with the detection,

More information

Chapter 6. Components of Elasticity. Musculotendinous Unit. Behavioral Properties of the Musculotendinous Unit. Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle

Chapter 6. Components of Elasticity. Musculotendinous Unit. Behavioral Properties of the Musculotendinous Unit. Biomechanics of Skeletal Muscle Chapter 6 Behavioral Properties of the Musculotendinous Unit 1) extensibility: ability to be stretched or to increase in length 2) elasticity: ability to return to normal resting length following a stretch

More information

ise Performance Centre

ise Performance Centre A winning team must perform consistently at a high level game after game. Make your team faster, stronger, more alert and better prepared with the ise Performance Centre ise PERFORMANCE CENTRE FOOTBALL

More information

Module F SKELETAL SYSTEM & ARTICULATIONS

Module F SKELETAL SYSTEM & ARTICULATIONS Module F SKELETAL SYSTEM & ARTICULATIONS Topic from General functions of bone & the skeletal system Structural components microscopic anatomy Structural components gross anatomy Physiology of embryonic

More information

Interval Training. Table of Contents

Interval Training. Table of Contents Table of Contents Interval Training...1 Introduction...1 What is it?...2 What does interval training do?...2 The physical side...2 The mental side...2 The total picture...3 Why train?...3 Muscle function...3

More information

Plyometric Training. Plyometric Training. chapter

Plyometric Training. Plyometric Training. chapter chapter 16 Plyometric Training Plyometric Training David H. Potach, PT; MS; CSCS,*D; NSCA-CPT,*D Donald A. Chu, PhD; PT; ATC; CSCS,*D; NSCA-CPT,*D; FNSCA Chapter Objectives Explain the physiology of plyometric

More information

Muscle Fibres. Anatomy and Physiology Advanced Diploma Course Sample Pages Page 1

Muscle Fibres. Anatomy and Physiology Advanced Diploma Course Sample Pages Page 1 Muscle Fibres Muscles are composed of thousands of individual muscle fibres, which are held together by connective tissue. However, muscle fibres may differ in physiological makeup. Anatomy and Physiology

More information

Anaerobic and Aerobic Training Adaptations. Chapters 5 & 6

Anaerobic and Aerobic Training Adaptations. Chapters 5 & 6 Anaerobic and Aerobic Training Adaptations Chapters 5 & 6 Adaptations to Training Chronic exercise provides stimulus for the systems of the body to change Systems will adapt according to level, intensity,

More information

In This Chapter: The Chemistry of Energy Production

In This Chapter: The Chemistry of Energy Production In This Chapter: The Chemistry of Energy Production The Three Energy Systems Immediate Energy: The Phosphagen System Short-term Energy: The Glycolytic System Long-term Energy: The Oxidative System Putting

More information

Chapter 9: Strength Training Program Design. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition

Chapter 9: Strength Training Program Design. ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Chapter 9: Strength Training Program Design ACE Personal Trainer Manual Third Edition Introduction There are six (6) types of resistance training: 1. Isometric force development 2. Concentric force development

More information

UNCLASSIFIED. Heat production during dynamic exercise can elevate core temperature rapidly. Thus, it believed

UNCLASSIFIED. Heat production during dynamic exercise can elevate core temperature rapidly. Thus, it believed Robert Carter III, Ph.D., M.P.H. Captain, US ARMY Department of Human Factors Centre de Recherches du Service de Santé des Armées La Tronche, FRANCE robert.carteriii@army.mil HEAT INDUCED FATIGUE Heat

More information

GE Healthcare. Quick Guide PDF PROOF. Neuromuscular Transmission (NMT)

GE Healthcare. Quick Guide PDF PROOF. Neuromuscular Transmission (NMT) GE Healthcare Quick Guide Neuromuscular Transmission (NMT) WHAT is Neuromuscular Transmission (NMT)? Neuromuscular Transmission (NMT) is the transfer of an impulse between a nerve and a muscle in the neuromuscular

More information

Training for a 10k Event By Ben Wisbey

Training for a 10k Event By Ben Wisbey Training for a 10k Event By Ben Wisbey Introduction Many runners set their sights on running the marathon as they feel they have no speed, and are therefore not suited to shorter races, such as 5 and 10km

More information

Managing Training Adjustments for Speed and Power Athletes Boo Schexnayder, Schexnayder Athletic Consulting. Introduction

Managing Training Adjustments for Speed and Power Athletes Boo Schexnayder, Schexnayder Athletic Consulting. Introduction Managing Training Adjustments for Speed and Power Athletes Boo Schexnayder, Schexnayder Athletic Consulting Introduction For years, periodization has been the buzz word associated with process of planning,

More information

What is the basic component of the brain and spinal cord communication system?

What is the basic component of the brain and spinal cord communication system? EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY David Myers The Biology of Mind Chapter 2 Neural Communication Neurons How Neurons Communicate How Neurotransmitters Influence Us The Nervous System The Peripheral Nervous System The

More information

Nerves and Nerve Impulse

Nerves and Nerve Impulse Nerves and Nerve Impulse Terms Absolute refractory period: Period following stimulation during which no additional action potential can be evoked. Acetylcholine: Chemical transmitter substance released

More information

SUPERTRAINING Sixth Edition-Expanded Version

SUPERTRAINING Sixth Edition-Expanded Version SUPERTRAINING Sixth Edition-Expanded Version Yuri Verkhoshansky Mel C. Siff CONTENTS Acknowledgements.i 1. STRENGTH AND THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM 1 Objectives What is Strength? The Origins of Strength Training

More information

Objectives. Objectives

Objectives. Objectives Chapter Training for Performance Objectives 1. Design a sport-specific training program based on an analysis of the energy system utilized by the activity. 2. Define the terms overload, specificity, &

More information

Cognitive Neuroscience. Questions. Multiple Methods. Electrophysiology. Multiple Methods. Approaches to Thinking about the Mind

Cognitive Neuroscience. Questions. Multiple Methods. Electrophysiology. Multiple Methods. Approaches to Thinking about the Mind Cognitive Neuroscience Approaches to Thinking about the Mind Cognitive Neuroscience Evolutionary Approach Sept 20-22, 2004 Interdisciplinary approach Rapidly changing How does the brain enable cognition?

More information

Synaptic Learning Rules

Synaptic Learning Rules Synaptic Learning Rules Computational Models of Neural Systems Lecture 4.1 David S. Touretzky October, 2013 Why Study Synaptic Plasticity? Synaptic learning rules determine the information processing capabilities

More information

Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) Communication Training of brain activity

Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) Communication Training of brain activity Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) Communication Training of brain activity Brain Computer Interfaces (BCI) picture rights: Gerwin Schalk, Wadsworth Center, NY Components of a Brain Computer Interface Applications

More information

Lactic acid system: Advantages: not limited by oxygen delivery, medium ATP yield Disadvantages: limited by lactic acid accumulation, long recovery

Lactic acid system: Advantages: not limited by oxygen delivery, medium ATP yield Disadvantages: limited by lactic acid accumulation, long recovery 1 CHAPTER 6 Sample Answers for Chapter Discussion Questions Question #1 High energy phosphate system: * used in high power output activities (e.g., powerlifting) * uses CP and ATP as the energy fuel *

More information

Integration and Coordination of the Human Body. Nervous System

Integration and Coordination of the Human Body. Nervous System I. General Info Integration and Coordination of the Human Body A. Both the and system are responsible for maintaining 1. Homeostasis is the process by which organisms keep internal conditions despite changes

More information

Tamara Jade Dartnall

Tamara Jade Dartnall MOTOR UNIT ACTIVITY AND NEUROMUSCULAR FUNCTION AFTER EXERCISE-INDUCED DAMAGE TO ELBOW FLEXOR MUSCLES A thesis submitted for the Degree of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY by Tamara Jade Dartnall B. Health Science

More information

Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience. Methods for studying the brain. Single Cell Recording

Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience. Methods for studying the brain. Single Cell Recording Methods in Cognitive Neuroscience Dr. Sukhvinder Obhi Department of Psychology & Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience 1 Methods for studying the brain Single Cell Recording Lesion Method Human Psychophysiology

More information

What is Physical Fitness?

What is Physical Fitness? What is Physical Fitness? Physical fitness is made up of two components: Skill-related fitness and Health related fitness. Skill related fitness items are factors, which relate to the possibility of you

More information

Physical Fitness: What, when, why? Strength: Start to Maintenance. Planning a yearly programme

Physical Fitness: What, when, why? Strength: Start to Maintenance. Planning a yearly programme Physical Fitness: What, when, why? Strength: Start to Maintenance Conditioning: Fit to compete Planning a yearly programme Knowledge and Understanding. Strength Training Principles for GAA. Develop ability

More information

2nd MuscleTech Network Workshop. From translational Research to translational Medicine. CONCLUSIONS AND CLOSING REMARKS Dr.

2nd MuscleTech Network Workshop. From translational Research to translational Medicine. CONCLUSIONS AND CLOSING REMARKS Dr. 2nd MuscleTech Network Workshop. From translational Research to translational Medicine. CONCLUSIONS AND CLOSING REMARKS Dr. Carles Pedret MUSCLE AND TENDON WORKSHOP HEALTH AND GENERAL POPULATION SPORTS

More information

STROKE CARE NOW NETWORK CONFERENCE MAY 22, 2014

STROKE CARE NOW NETWORK CONFERENCE MAY 22, 2014 STROKE CARE NOW NETWORK CONFERENCE MAY 22, 2014 Rehabilitation Innovations in Post- Stroke Recovery Madhav Bhat, MD Fort Wayne Neurological Center DISCLOSURE Paid speaker for TEVA Neuroscience Program.

More information

The Neuron and the Synapse. The Neuron. Parts of the Neuron. Functions of the neuron:

The Neuron and the Synapse. The Neuron. Parts of the Neuron. Functions of the neuron: The Neuron and the Synapse The Neuron Functions of the neuron: Transmit information from one point in the body to another. Process the information in various ways (that is, compute). The neuron has a specialized

More information

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d.

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d. Chapter Test 1. A cell that receives information and transmits it to other cells via an electrochemical process is called a(n) a. neuron b. hormone c. glia d. endorphin Answer: A difficulty: 1 factual

More information

Association neurons allow for integration of information, reflexes and associative functions (decision making)

Association neurons allow for integration of information, reflexes and associative functions (decision making) The Nervous System Nervous system links sensory receptors and motor effectors Sensory (afferent) neurons carry impulses from receptors Motor (efferent) neurons carry impulses to effectors - muscles and

More information

Fitness for Sport and Exercise

Fitness for Sport and Exercise Unit 1 Fitness for Sport and Exercise In order for a person to perform to the best of their ability, they must have high levels of the appropriate components of fitness. Different sports also have differing

More information

Laboratory Guide. Anatomy and Physiology

Laboratory Guide. Anatomy and Physiology Laboratory Guide Anatomy and Physiology TBME04, Fall 2010 Name: Passed: Last updated 2010-08-13 Department of Biomedical Engineering Linköpings Universitet Introduction This laboratory session is intended

More information

PHYSIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYERS

PHYSIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYERS PHYSIOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY FOR YOUTH FOOTBALL PLAYERS John Iga 1, Barry Drust 1, Warren Gregson 1, Matthew Portas 2 and Thomas Reilly 1 1 Research Institute for Sport and Exercise Sciences, Liverpool

More information

Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)

Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) There is an increasing application of long term (i.e. chronic) electrical stimulation in order to modify or change muscle function. This work was initially concentrated

More information

Muscle Physiology. Lab 5. Human Muscle Physiology

Muscle Physiology. Lab 5. Human Muscle Physiology Lab 5 Human At the beginning of lab you will have the opportunity for 2 bonus points! You must guess which person in the class will have: 1) Maximum Grip Force 2) Longest time to half-max Force (longest

More information

Slide 4: Forebrain Structures. Slide 5: 4 Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex. Slide 6: The Cerebral Hemispheres (L & R)

Slide 4: Forebrain Structures. Slide 5: 4 Lobes of the Cerebral Cortex. Slide 6: The Cerebral Hemispheres (L & R) Slide 1: [Film Clip: The Brain #2- Phineas Gage] Integrated Bodily Communications Within Brain (Hemispheres and structures) The remaining Nervous System Endocrine System (Hormonal communication) Our bodies-

More information

2012 Global Neuro-psychiatric Devices New Product Innovation Award

2012 Global Neuro-psychiatric Devices New Product Innovation Award 2012 Global Neuro-psychiatric Devices New Product Innovation Award Frost & Sullivan s Global Research Platform Frost & Sullivan has over 50 years of expertise in business with a global research organization

More information

History of Plyometrics

History of Plyometrics Plyometric Training History of Plyometrics First formalized in the early 1960 s as a scientific training system by Dr. Yuri Verkhoshansky Earliest published use of the term seems to be in a Soviet publication

More information

Processing of emotional expression in subliminal and low-visibility images

Processing of emotional expression in subliminal and low-visibility images Processing of emotional expression in subliminal and low-visibility images Submitted by Hannah Lucy Filmer to the University of Exeter as a thesis for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Psychology May

More information

THE SENSE OF TOUCH. Roope Raisamo and Jukka Raisamo

THE SENSE OF TOUCH. Roope Raisamo and Jukka Raisamo THE SENSE OF TOUCH Roope Raisamo and Jukka Raisamo Tampere Unit for Computer-Human Interaction School of Information Sciences University of Tampere, Finland Outline for the talk Introduction to the sense

More information

Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron

Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron Diagram 2(i): Structure of the Neuron Generally speaking, we can divide the nervous system into different parts, according to location and function. So far we have mentioned the central nervous system

More information

Muscle Tissue. Muscle Physiology. Skeletal Muscle. Types of Muscle. Skeletal Muscle Organization. Myofibril Structure

Muscle Tissue. Muscle Physiology. Skeletal Muscle. Types of Muscle. Skeletal Muscle Organization. Myofibril Structure Muscle Tissue Muscle Physiology Chapter 12 Specially designed to contract Generates mechanical force Functions locomotion and external movements internal movement (circulation, digestion) heat generation

More information

NeuroStar TMS Therapy Patient Guide for Treating Depression

NeuroStar TMS Therapy Patient Guide for Treating Depression NeuroStar TMS Therapy Patient Guide for Treating Depression This NeuroStar TMS Therapy Patient Guide for Treating Depression provides important safety and use information for you to consider about treating

More information

North Bergen School District Benchmarks

North Bergen School District Benchmarks Grade: 10,11, and 12 Subject: Anatomy and Physiology First Marking Period Define anatomy and physiology, and describe various subspecialties of each discipline. Describe the five basic functions of living

More information

Energy Expenditure & VO 2

Energy Expenditure & VO 2 Energy Expenditure & VO 2 Current & Common Methods of Measuring Heat Production Direct & Indirect Calorimetry a) Applied Indirect Principle: all energy releasing reactions in the body ultimately depend

More information

Electrode Placement Manual Visit our website: www.veritymedical.co.uk for detailed application protocols

Electrode Placement Manual Visit our website: www.veritymedical.co.uk for detailed application protocols NeuroTrac Electrode Placement Manual Visit our website: www.veritymedical.co.uk for detailed application protocols 1 Contents Contents Page Introduction 4 Muscle profile 4 Classification of the various

More information

For patients trapped by depression and its treatment side effects...

For patients trapped by depression and its treatment side effects... For patients trapped by depression and its treatment side effects... Introducing the new way back to the true you About Depression Introducing NeuroStar TMS Therapy Depression is a serious medical illness

More information

ELECTROMYOGRAPHY ( EMG) Nerve conduction velocity ( NCV)

ELECTROMYOGRAPHY ( EMG) Nerve conduction velocity ( NCV) ELECTROMYOGRAPHY ( EMG) Nerve conduction velocity ( NCV) Electromyography Definition: Electromyography is the electrical recording of muscle activity by placing electrodes on the skin or inserting electrodes

More information

12-week Half Marathon Training Program By Ben Wisbey

12-week Half Marathon Training Program By Ben Wisbey 12-week Half Marathon Training Program By Ben Wisbey Introduction The half marathon is often the intermediate goal for those runners looking at doing their first marathon. It is also the longest distance

More information

adj., departing from the norm, not concentric, utilizing negative resistance for better client outcomes

adj., departing from the norm, not concentric, utilizing negative resistance for better client outcomes Why Eccentrics? What is it? Eccentric adj., departing from the norm, not concentric, utilizing negative resistance for better client outcomes Eccentrics is a type of muscle contraction that occurs as the

More information

Strength-training in soccer. Jesper L. Andersen, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark

Strength-training in soccer. Jesper L. Andersen, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark Strength-training in soccer Jesper L. Andersen, Ph.D., Head of Laboratory Institute of Sports Medicine, Bispebjerg hospital, Copenhagen, Denmark 1 Why do strength training? Potential benefits; Increase

More information

Medfamily team Medfamily team 1) The resting membrane potential: a. Is much closer to the equilibrium for Na+ than to the equilibrium potential for

Medfamily team Medfamily team 1) The resting membrane potential: a. Is much closer to the equilibrium for Na+ than to the equilibrium potential for 1) The resting membrane potential: a. Is much closer to the equilibrium for Na+ than to the equilibrium potential for K+. b. Is much closer to the equilibrium for K+ than to the equilibrium potential for

More information

ACE s Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals. NEUROMUSCULAR ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (Ch 1, 2 & 5)

ACE s Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals. NEUROMUSCULAR ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (Ch 1, 2 & 5) ACE s Essentials of Exercise Science for Fitness Professionals NEUROMUSCULAR ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (Ch 1, 2 & 5) Overview of Neuromuscular Concepts Structure & function of nerve, muscle, motor unit and

More information

Factors Influencing Human Postures

Factors Influencing Human Postures Chapter 3 Factors Influencing Human Postures 3.1 Introduction Postures and motions generated by the human body are very difficult to simulate since the human body has so many interrelated muscles that

More information

Chapter 11. Muscle Energy and Metabolism

Chapter 11. Muscle Energy and Metabolism Chapter 11 Muscle Energy and Metabolism Muscle Metabolism All muscle contraction depends on ATP ATP is not stored in body / use it as we produce it! Ability to make new ATP supply depends on availability

More information

Plasticity after stroke: implications for motor and non-motor functions. Annapoorna Kuppuswamy Institute of Neurology Queen Square

Plasticity after stroke: implications for motor and non-motor functions. Annapoorna Kuppuswamy Institute of Neurology Queen Square Plasticity after stroke: implications for motor and non-motor functions Annapoorna Kuppuswamy Institute of Neurology Queen Square Talk structure Plasticity What is plasticity? Importance of plasticity

More information

Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation. Alan Sunderland School of Psychology

Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation. Alan Sunderland School of Psychology Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation Alan Sunderland School of Psychology 1 The Changing Role of Clinical Neuropsychology HISTORY The Origins of Clinical Neuropsychology Emergence as a profession

More information

PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Written examination. Friday 8 November 2002

PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Written examination. Friday 8 November 2002 Victorian Certificate of Education 2002 SUPERVISOR TO ATTACH PROCESSING LABEL HERE Figures Words STUDENT NUMBER Letter PHYSICAL EDUCATION Written examination Friday 8 November 2002 Reading time: 3.00 pm

More information

Andrew Rosen - Chapter 3: The Brain and Nervous System Intro:

Andrew Rosen - Chapter 3: The Brain and Nervous System Intro: Intro: Brain is made up of numerous, complex parts Frontal lobes by forehead are the brain s executive center Parietal lobes wave sensory information together (maps feeling on body) Temporal lobes interpret

More information

Strength Training For Runners

Strength Training For Runners Strength Training For Runners Be the strongest, fastest athlete you can be Agenda Why to strength train and the benefits Myths about runners and strength training What to do How often Example program About

More information

How are Parts of the Brain Related to Brain Function?

How are Parts of the Brain Related to Brain Function? How are Parts of the Brain Related to Brain Function? Scientists have found That the basic anatomical components of brain function are related to brain size and shape. The brain is composed of two hemispheres.

More information

Motor control & performance with aging. Today: Examine motor abilities with advancing age Describe motor regression and how it relates to

Motor control & performance with aging. Today: Examine motor abilities with advancing age Describe motor regression and how it relates to Motor control & performance with aging Today: Examine motor abilities with advancing age Describe motor regression and how it relates to motor behavioural changes physical changes central nervous system

More information

CONCUSSION GUIDELINES PLAYERS HEALTH AND SAFETY FIRST

CONCUSSION GUIDELINES PLAYERS HEALTH AND SAFETY FIRST CANADA SOCCER CONCUSSION GUIDELINES PLAYERS HEALTH AND SAFETY FIRST CANADA SOCCER SPORTS MEDICINE COMMITTEE 2 CANADA SOCCER /// CONCUSSION GUIDELINES SUMMARY A concussion is a brain injury. All concussions

More information

Responses to Static (Isometric) Exercise

Responses to Static (Isometric) Exercise Responses to Static (Isometric) Exercise Suggestions for Teachers Background Static exercise involves the contraction of skeletal muscle without a change in muscle length, hence the alternative term, isometric

More information

Go to the following web site and follow the instructions below:

Go to the following web site and follow the instructions below: The nervous system consists of three parts: the Brain, the Central Nervous System, and the Peripheral Nervous System. The Brain is the command center, the Central Nervous System is the brain and the spinal

More information

Neural Plasticity and Locomotor Recovery: Robotics in Research

Neural Plasticity and Locomotor Recovery: Robotics in Research International Neurorehabilitation Symposium February 12, 2009 Neural Plasticity and Locomotor Recovery: Robotics in Research Keith Tansey, MD, PhD Director, Spinal Cord Injury Research Crawford Research

More information

Introduction Who Uses PSM? PSM Training Applications PSM Training Advantage

Introduction Who Uses PSM? PSM Training Applications PSM Training Advantage Introduction The Zephyr Physiological Status Monitoring (PSM) Training system takes the market leading BioHarness technology and integrates it with Zephyr s OmniSense TM software delivering team measurement

More information

AUTHORS ABSTRACT. Testing a Model to Monitor Training Effect in Distance Running. by Ari Nummela and Ville Vesterinen STUDY

AUTHORS ABSTRACT. Testing a Model to Monitor Training Effect in Distance Running. by Ari Nummela and Ville Vesterinen STUDY STUDY Testing a Model to Monitor Training Effect in Distance Running by IAAF 28:3/4; 71-86, 2013 by Ari Nummela and Ville Vesterinen ABSTRACT A new way to determine training-induced changes in maximal

More information

Energy Transfer in the Body

Energy Transfer in the Body Energy Metabolism Energy Transfer in the Body Refer to text for more detail. Energy the capacity or ability to perform work. Energy is required for muscle contraction and other biological work such as

More information

CELL SIGNALING Doc. MVDr. Eva Bártová, Ph.D.

CELL SIGNALING Doc. MVDr. Eva Bártová, Ph.D. CELL SIGNALING 2016 Doc. MVDr. Eva Bártová, Ph.D. Cell signaling mediates: reaction to signals from environment communication between cells teamwork of cells in multicell organism Signaling pathway includes:

More information

AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes

AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes AP Biology I. Nervous System Notes 1. General information: passage of information occurs in two ways: Nerves - process and send information fast (eg. stepping on a tack) Hormones - process and send information

More information

ハイパフォーマンスアスリートのためのコンディショニング: 最 新 の 研 究 結 果 と 現 在 の 傾 向

ハイパフォーマンスアスリートのためのコンディショニング: 最 新 の 研 究 結 果 と 現 在 の 傾 向 特 別 講 演 ハイパフォーマンスアスリートのためのコンディショニング: 最 新 の 研 究 結 果 と 現 在 の 傾 向 Robert Newton 1 2 BHMS(Hons) MHMS PhD CSCS * D AEP FNSCA FESSA 1 エディス コーワン 大 学 (オーストラリア パース) 2 香 港 大 学 ( 香 港 ) はじめに ストレングス&コンディショニングの 科 学

More information

Investigating the Neurophysiological Effects of Direct Current Stimulation. Joaquin de Rojas Steven Siegel Roy Hamilton

Investigating the Neurophysiological Effects of Direct Current Stimulation. Joaquin de Rojas Steven Siegel Roy Hamilton Investigating the Neurophysiological Effects of Direct Current Stimulation Joaquin de Rojas Steven Siegel Roy Hamilton Doing summer research 1. Define area of interest Interface of Cognitive Neurology

More information

PENNSYLVANIA. Page 1 of 5. S11.A Essential. 3.1.B.A2.b -- Essential ENERGY FLOW - Explain the important role of ATP in cell metabolism.

PENNSYLVANIA. Page 1 of 5. S11.A Essential. 3.1.B.A2.b -- Essential ENERGY FLOW - Explain the important role of ATP in cell metabolism. Know: Understand: Do: 3.1.B.A2.b -- Essential ENERGY FLOW - Explain the important role of ATP in cell metabolism. 3.1.B.A2.f -- Essential ENERGY FLOW- Identify how factors such as ph and temperature may

More information

Kimberly Anderson-Erisman, PhD Director of Education University of Miami & Miami Project to Cure Paralysis

Kimberly Anderson-Erisman, PhD Director of Education University of Miami & Miami Project to Cure Paralysis Webinar title: Direct Nerve Stimulation What is it really and what is the potential? Presenter/presenters: Kimberly Anderson-Erisman, PhD Director of Education University of Miami & Miami Project to Cure

More information

Muscle Function. Jie Wang, MD PhD. The Heart Failure Center College of Physicians&Surgeons Columbia University New York City, NY, USA

Muscle Function. Jie Wang, MD PhD. The Heart Failure Center College of Physicians&Surgeons Columbia University New York City, NY, USA Muscle Function Jie Wang, MD PhD The Heart Failure Center College of Physicians&Surgeons Columbia University New York City, NY, USA 1 Objectives 1. To understand the concept of sarcomere 2. To understand

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Chapter 2 The Neural Impulse Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) The cell body is enclosed by the. A) cell membrane

More information

Endocrine Responses to Resistance Exercise

Endocrine Responses to Resistance Exercise chapter 3 Endocrine Responses to Resistance Exercise Chapter Objectives Understand basic concepts of endocrinology. Explain the physiological roles of anabolic hormones. Describe hormonal responses to

More information

SPEED, AGILITY AND QUICKNESS STUDY GUIDE

SPEED, AGILITY AND QUICKNESS STUDY GUIDE SPEED, AGILITY AND QUICKNESS STUDY GUIDE SPEED TRAINING Think of how many critical game situations are won or lost by the ability of the athlete to shift into high gear. While you are born with a predetermined

More information

Role of Electrodiagnostic Tests in Neuromuscular Disease

Role of Electrodiagnostic Tests in Neuromuscular Disease Role of Electrodiagnostic Tests in Neuromuscular Disease Electrodiagnostic tests Electroencephalogram (EEG) Electromyography (NCV, EMG) Cerebral evoked potentials (CEP) Motor evoked potentials (MEP) Electronystagmogram

More information

WINGATE ANAEROBIC TEST

WINGATE ANAEROBIC TEST WINGATE ANAEROBIC TEST Presented by Coaching and Sports Science Division of the United States Olympic Committee August 2004 WINGATE ANAEROBIC TEST INTRODUCTION: Many sports involve quick bursts of speed

More information

Corporate Medical Policy

Corporate Medical Policy Corporate Medical Policy File Name: Origination: Last CAP Review: Next CAP Review: Last Review: electrodiagnostic_studies 2/2008 10/2015 10/2016 10/2015 Description of Procedure or Service Electrodiagnostic

More information