A1 Reasons for taking part in activity. A2 Health, fitness, exercise and performance

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1 Centre No. Paper Reference (complete below) Candidate No. / Surname Signature Initials Paper Reference 1827/01 Edexcel GCSE Physical Education End Of Unit Test SECTION 1: FITNESS A1 Reasons for taking part in activity A2 Health, fitness, exercise and performance A3 Skill related fitness Time: 45 Minutes Materials required for the examination Nil Items included with these question papers Nil Instructions to Candidates In the boxes above, write your Surname, Other names(s) and Signature. The Paper reference is shown in the top left-hand corner. If more than one Paper reference is shown, you should write the one for which you have been entered. Information for Candidates The marks for the various parts of each question are shown in round brackets: e.g. (2). Advice to Candidates Answers will require candidates to apply their knowledge and understanding from across the specification and some answers will require candidates to write answers in sentences and short paragraphs. Turn over N Edexcel This publication may only be reproduced in accordance with Edexcel copyright policy.

2 1. Health is A B C The capability of the heart, lungs, blood vessels and muscles to function at optimal efficiency A state of complete mental, physical and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. The capacity to carry out everyday activities without excessive fatigue. D The ability to meet the demands of the environment. (1 Mark) 2. Flexibility is. A. The range of motion possible at a joint B. The ability of a muscle to stretch beyond its normal position. C. The percentage of body-weight that is fat, muscle and bone. D. The extent to which the skeletal will allow movement to occur in a given direction. (1 mark) 3. The ability to meet the demands of the environment is the correct definition of: A. Cardiovascular fitness B. Training C. Fitness D. Progression ( 1 mark) 4. Which of the following statements describes a physical benefit of exercise? A. Meeting new people B. Gaining an aesthetic appreciation of movement C. Feeling better about body shape D. Reduced blood pressure (1 mark) 5. Which of the following would be most suitable for a shot putter trying to improve their Muscular strength A. Throwing a tennis ball to correct technique B. Weight training by lifting a heavy weight C. Swimming long distances D. Weight training by lifting light weights many times. (1 mark) 2

3 6. Glenn is a good gymnast. He is looking to improve by following a flexibility and speed training programme. a) Suggest another type of fitness he might need to develop. b) Explain how your answer to (a) is used is gymnastics. 7. As a gymnast, Glenn has joined his local gymnastics club. list 4 reasons why people join sports clubs rather than training alone. 8. Footballers require different competent of fitness. Copy and complete the following table by filling in the gaps Component of fitness Use of component by the footballer The ability to change the position of the body quickly with? controlled moments of the whole body Strength?? The time between the presence of a stimulus and the onset of movement Co-ordination? 9. Define the term Exercise. 10. A healthy state of living requires mental, physical and social well-being. Explain two ways in which exercise promotes each of the following: a) Mental well-being. b) Physical well being. c) Social well-being. 11. Define the term Co-ordination. 12. Explain the difference between muscular strength and power. (6 marks) (2 mark) 3

4 13. Define Body composition. 14. Figure 1 below shows performers participating in three different activities, A, B, C. A B C Co-ordination Power Cardiovascular fitness Balance a) Using the table below. Select the most important component of skill related fitness for each performer for the box above. You must select a different component for each performer b) Explain why the component that you have selected is important for the performance Performer A. Shot Putter a) component of fitness b) why component is important B. Netball player C. Gymnast (6 marks) 4

5 15. The diagram below shows a cyclist using different component of both their health and skill related fitness to win a race. Copy and complete the table below. Component of fitness Cardiovascular fitness Health or skill related Skill Use of this component by the cyclist Keeping the weight of the body above the basis of support so that they do not to fall over. Muscular Endurance Peddling hard with both speed and strength. ( 7 Marks) 5

6 16. Fiona is a GCSE student and she is using long distance running as one of her four practical sports. Her teacher has suggested that she needs to improve her fitness through regular training at a local athletics club. a) List 2 Health benefits and two mental benefits that Fiona will gain from regular fitness training. 1. Health benefit Mental benefit 2. b) Fiona needs to improve her cardiovascular fitness to be better at long distance running. Describe a method that Fiona could use to test her Cardiovascular fitness END OF PAPER TOTAL 50 MARKS 6

7 SECTION 1-FITNESS ANSWERS 1. B ( 1 Mark) 2. A ( 1 Mark) 3. C (1 Mark) 4. D 5. B 6. a)muscular Strength or Muscular endurance, b)used to hold body weight 7. Competition, co-operation, aesthetic appreciation, social mixing and friendship, physical challenges ( 4 marks) 8. agility, The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance, Reaction time, The ability to use two or more body parts together 9. EXERCISE is a form of activity done primarily to improve ones health and physical fitness 10. a) Reduced stress, Reduced tension, Reduces stress related illness b) Helps you look better, Helps you feel better, Enhances your body shape, Contributes to health c) Co-operation, Competitions, Physical challenges, Social mixing (6 marks) 11. co-ordination the ability to use two or more body parts at once (2 mark) 12. Where strength is the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance, power is the ability to do strength exercises quickly. Power = strength x speed 13 Body composition= The percentage of body-weight that is fat, muscle and bone. 7

8 14 Performer a) component of fitness b) why component is important A. Shot Putter Power To push the shot putt B. Netball player Co-ordination To catch and throw C. Gymnast Balance To main a static balance (6 marks) 15. Health or Use of this component by the cyclist skill related Component of fitness Balance Skill The ability to remain the centre of mass (gravity) of the body above the basis of support either stationary moving. (i.e. be able not to fall over). Cardiovascular fitness Health The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time Muscular Endurance Health The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired Power Skill The ability to do strength exercises quickly. strength x speed ( 7 Marks) 16. a. Helps you look better, Helps you feel better, Enhances your body shape. b. Reduced stress, Reduced tension, Reduces stress related illness TOTAL 50 MARKS 8

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