Operational experiences with methane buses - What s on the market and where is the potential for improvement? Jan-Helge Sandvåg

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2 Operational experiences with methane buses - What s on the market and where is the potential for improvement? Jan-Helge Sandvåg The Baltic Biogas Bus EU-Project Radisson Blue Royal Hotel 22. mai 2012

3 What will I talk about. A little about The Tide Group and Tide Buss The Gas Bus fleet in Tide Buss Experience after more than 12 years of gas bus operation What trends, we believe will happens in the gas bus area

4 One of Norway s largest companies in public transportation

5 GROUP OVERVIEW Turnover 2011: MNOK Employees ca Tide Buss Noway AS Turnover: MNOK Employees: ca No. of buses : ca Tide Buss Denmark AS Turnover: 400 MNOK Employees: ca 680 No. of buses : ca 320 Tide Verksted AS Turnover : 140 MNOK Employees: ca 80 Number of workshops: 7

6 Tide Buss is the second largest bus company in Norway. Bus depot in Norway includes Bergen and Hordaland Rogaland Hamar Trondheim Tide Bus Denmark is the third largest bus company with buses in Odense and southern Jylland.

7 Tide Buss is one of the nation's leading bus companies in environmentally friendly operation Trolleybuss Over 50 years experience in the trolley bus service 265 natural gas buses in operation, 12 years of experience with natural gas Extensive experience with other alternative fuels The environment is one of our main areas of focus One of the first in the country to engage in relief transport by electric vehicles (19 cars in operation) Working actively with fuel reduction measures. Bioetanol buss Hybridbuss Hytanbuss

8 Gas bus fleet in Tide Buss Number of Brand Model Year Location 37 Volvo B10LE CNG 2005/06 Bergen 16 Volvo B10BLE CNG 2002 Bergen 44 Volvo B10M CNG 2000/01 Bergen Sum Man Lions City 2011 Trondheim 1 Irirsbuss Minibuss 2011 Trondheim 36 Mercedes Citaro G CNG 2011 Bergen 45 Mercedes Citaro Solo CNG 2011 Bergen 16 Volvo B9L CNG 2010 Haugesund Sum 168 Totalt 265

9 Experience after more than 12 years of gas bus operation: Foto Skyss

10 31. mars 2000 the first complete plant for natural gas buses was opened in Nyborg

11 Benefits: Our experience New technology, however, better than expected (feared..). Faster acceleration when starting from bus stop and traffic lights. Significantly more quiet than a diesel bus. Is experienced as less polluting than diesel buses. Gas buses has resulted in less pollution of NOx, sulfur, particles, and especially noise. The customers are happy. The use of gas is not experienced as a problem (there are still myths about gas..)

12 Our experience Disadvantages: A little less power than diesel buses on steep hills More expensive than diesel buses Need more frequent maintenance, thus providing more expensive maintenance than a diesel bus Some poorer operational stability than diesel buses Is sensitive to variations in gas quality Depending on the filling system works at all times. (We can not run to the nearest gas station, yet at least...)

13 Which improvement do we believe will happen to the gas buses in the near future... Bergen - Haukås Trondheim - Sandmoen

14 Torque gasengine M 447 hlag 326 hp EEV vs. Diesel engine OM 457 hla 299 hp Euro 5/EEV 1400 Torque [Nm] Nm Diesel OM 457 hla (220 kw) Nm at r.p.m. Gas M 447 hlag (240 kw) Nm at r.p.m r.p.m. From the "rpm floor" on upward, the EEV gaspowered engine already matches the torque of the OM 457 Diesel

15 Gasshybrid Tempus gasshybrid Tata gasshybrid

16 Double decker sightseeing bus - CNG Unvi - Spain

17 BRT - for Dunkerque in France Irisbus Crealis CNG

18 The Chinese are coming.. Yutong has delivered over 1500 buses of this type to Venezuela in 2011

19 Tide Buss wants to be where the development is

20 Developments New generation gas engines adapted to Euro 6 Diesel engines are more complicated and expensive with the Euro 6. Can they be combined with biodiesel? LNG buses will come, may be first on trucks Dual Fuel is on ice until further There will be gas hybrid buses on the market Spain Some of the major brands are also considering this BRT buses run on natural gas will likely come in new varieties

21 Enjoy your stay in Bergen! Tide Buss i Bergen Ønsker fortsatt å være hovedaktøren her.. Thank you for your attention!

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