Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide"

Transcription

1 Carbon Sequestration Tool Background and User Guide

2 Table of Contents Quick Start Methodology Content of Worksheets Frequently Asked Questions

3 Quick Start 1. Determine which of the two carbon tools you should be using. Use the business-to-business (B2B) tool if you have completed a cradle-to-gate LCA Use the business-to-consumer (B2C) tool if you have completed a cradle-to-grave LCA See diagram on next page for relationship of two tools to cradle-to-gate and cradleto-grave LCA. 2. Open the applicable tool and go to the worksheet User Inputs and Summary Results 3. Enter values for user input fields highlighted in yellow (default values have been provided where applicable). 4. Review and export results noted in red text, under instructions in User Inputs and Summary Results tab

4 The interactive graphic below shows the life cycle of a wood product. Place your cursor over the cradle-to-gate or cradle-to-grave button to show the portions of the life cycle and biogenic carbon flows that are the basis for the two tools. Greenhouse Gas Credit Scope of LCA Scope of LCA Transportation Planting including site preparation Transportation Forest Management thinning, fertilizing Logging felling, transport to landing Resource Extraction Log Yard manufacturing facility Commodity Manufactuing Lumber, OSB, Plywood, etc. Transportation Manufacturing End Use Transportation Gate-to-Grave Click here for Cradle-to-Grave LCA Click here for Cradle-to-GateLCA Roundwood logs on truck Secondary Manufacturing Flooring, Siding, Framing, etc. End-of-life Life Treatment Business-to-Consumer Business-to-Business tool includes elements in red. Greenhouse Gas Emission

5 Methodology BACKGROUND FP Innovations commissioned the Athena Institute to develop a biogenic carbon calculation tool for use in Environmental Product Declarations, EPD s, developed under their Product Category Rules, PCR, for North American wood products. Athena has developed two such tools to supplement two types of LCA studies. Cradle-to-gate: Cradle-to-gate LCA refers to those that begin in the forest cradle and end with the packaged product at the manufacturing gate. Business-to-business, B2B, EPD s are developed form cradle-to-gate LCAs. Cradle-to-grave: Cradle-to-grave LCA includes the cradle-to-gate processes as well as the transportation to user, end-use, and end-of-life treatment or grave. Business to Consumer, B2C, EPD s are developed from cradle-to-grave LCAs. Biogenic carbon interactions occur at both the forest cradle, where a credit is granted, and at the end of life where emissions from combustion and decay cancel a portion of the credit. Best LCA and carbon footprinting practice limits the crediting of carbon sequestration against the global warming potential of a wood product to those studies that also account for the fate of that carbon at the end of life.

6 Methodology GENERAL CONVENTIONS In LCA, an implicit or explicit carbon dioxide credit is typically granted to bio-based resources that photosynthesize carbon as part of their natural growth cycle. An implicit credit is granted in the case of biomass fuel consumption by ignoring the biogenic carbon emissions in the calculation of global warming potential. An explicit credit may be granted if the material is tracked from the forest through the life cycle to its eventual emission or permanent sequestration. In the case of wood products, two accounting conventions have evolved to explicitly calculate the biogenic carbon credit; stock and flow accounting (See sidebar for more on Stock and Flow Accounting). Both tools presented here employ the flow accounting approach. The temporal dimension of forest growth, product use, and emissions at the end of life also requires consideration in biogenic carbon accounting. The 100 year method, developed by Georgia Pacific and documented in ISO 14047, is a widely accepted approach to assessing the carbon sequestration credit for wood products. The 100 year method, initially conceived as a stock accounting model, considers long term (100 year) carbon stock changes by assuming the forest as a static baseline from which a carbon credit is granted for products remaining in use 100 years after manufacture. The 100 year time horizon is longer than the harvest cycle for wood-producing forests which justifies the static baseline of the source forest. In the models presented here, the 100 year method is expanded to include end-of-life processes and is reinterpreted as a flow accounting model to facilitate the global warming calculation of the methane component of landfill gas, which is 25 times that of carbon dioxide. Flow vs stock accounting This tool adopts a flow accounting model to account for the carbon into and out of the system. This type of model is most commonly used in product-level carbon footprinting, while stock accounting is more suited to national level inventories. The two methodologies employ the same logic as changes to carbon stocks are caused by flows, while the flow model is a more direct method of accounting for changes to atmospheric carbon. Forest Δ C Stock Forest In Use Δ C Stock Stock Accounting Method In Use Landfill Δ C Stock CH 4 Flow Accounting Method Landfill

7 CARBON CREDIT FOR FOREST GROWTH In both the B2B and B2C carbon tools, a negative emission of carbon dioxide is assigned for forest growth. As dictated by the PCR, the credit may be granted only when sustainable forestry practice is documented. This credit is only applied to the carbon present in the product at the manufacturing gate as opposed to the source forest. The sequestration credit was limited to the carbon in the product for three reasons: Consistent: excluding sequestration in coproducts is based on the same logic as mass allocation which is used throughout the rest of life cycle inventory accounting Conservative: excluding the fate of coproducts is the same as accounting for the sequestration credit and then assuming that 100% of co-products are emitted as carbon dioxide Precedence: WRI GHG Protocol for Products and PAS 2050 both base carbon sequestration on the initial carbon credit equal to the carbon in product In both the B2B and B2C carbon tools the user is prompted to enter the oven dry mass of the wood product under consideration. The tools apply a common 50% carbon content to this mass, which is then scaled by the molar mass ratio of carbon dioxide to carbon, 44/12. USE PHASE AND END-OF-LIFE In both the B2B and B2C carbon tools the emissions of the initial carbon sequestration are tracked through the use phase and end-oflife treatment. A more detailed description of this modeling is provided in the interactive graphic on the following page. Flow vs stock accounting Con t. Forest Stock: The stock accounting method assumes that over a 100 year assessment period the forest completely regenerates to its pre-harvest carbon level. This means that any sequestration in the in-use and landfill pools are in addition to this baseline and are accounted as a carbon credit. Flow: The flow accounting method similarly assumes complete regeneration of the forest over a 100 year assessment period. This regeneration is accounted as an atmospheric carbon dioxide reduction which in flow accounting is denoted as a negative emission. This convention in flow accounting is used as a converse to to assigning positive values to flows to the atmosphere. In Use Stock: The carbon stock in use has previously been estimated using the 100 year method which is based on the statistical half-life of wood products in typical applications. The amount of carbon remaining in use at year 100 is accounted as a carbon credit in this approach. Flow: The flow accounting model estimates the amount of carbon that exits this life stage and enters the end-of-life stage based on the same statistical half life estimations (B2B Tool) or discrete end-of-life events (B2C Tool). End of Life Stock: The 100 year method may be extended to account for long term sequestration in landfills in addition to the product remaining in-use. In this approach, the amount of carbon remaining in the landfill at year 100 would be accounted as a carbon credit. Unfortunately, this approach does not differentiate between methane and carbon dioxide. Flow: The flow model accounts for the individual greenhouse gasses, carbon dioxide and methane, as they exit the end-of-life pool. This allows for the correct forcing factors to be applied to calculate the global warming potential.

8 End of Life Emissions The carbon sequestered in the product at the manufacturing gate is tracked through the rest of the life cycle. The interactive diagram below shows this modeling. Place your cursor over each end-of-life process for a description and illustration of the flows. CH 4 CH 4 Recycling Direct Combustion Aerobic Landfill No Landfill Gas Capture Fugitive Landfill Gas Landfill Gas Combustion Product in use End-of-Life Landfill Anaerobic Landfill Landfill Gas Capture in Place Anaerobic No Aerobic Recycling Landfill Fugitive Direct Product End-of-Life Landfill Combustion Gas Landfill Use Gas Capture Combustion Capture Gas in Place Business to Consumer Business (B2B): (B2C) The and B2B Business tool estimates applies to Business a typical/average service (B2B): life Both In based both array tools on tools, of the apply end-of-life 90% 82% 18% the recycled 87% 13% combusted half-life a aerobic typical/average landfilled the specific material treatment to is a wood breakdown gas assumed is range processes accounted generated enters of typical to which of leave anaerobic as aerobic in uses a include first 100% the anaerobic for system order landfills. conversion various combustion, anaerobic landfills decay boundary landfill wood The with to landfill. anaerobic recycling, commodities. carbon occurs a capture landfill 4% is The annual dioxide. conservatively gas landfill those wells business-to-business capture landfilling. decay The that is place accounted have business-to-business rate wells accounted is (k/yr) landfill no captured landfill as place applied version a gas first is and gas a capture not order 100% of is the captured version burned the decay conversion 23% wells tool wells of for also in and with the wood place. in is ac-counts place that carbon energy thus also annual decomposes. accounts directly and for dioxide. flared is the decay thus emitted TRACI for without emitted the rate The as TRACI impacts, (k/yr) carbon 55% energy entirely applied impacts, carbon in cumulative recovery. the to the to dioxide decayed cumulative the atmosphere energy In 23% and both wood of 45% energy demand, cases, wood is methane. 100% 55% that demand, 100% converted decomposes. carbon of LCI the and elements dioxide landfill LCI to carbon The elements and gas from 45% carbon dioxide. decomposition of methane. in biomass is the emitted de- tool 4% cayed and as combustion Business Landfilling: carbon landfill wood to dioxide. handling as Consumer is 80% converted required Neither as (B2C): required by to the model both The PCR. by methane accounts B2C the PCR. tool and for requests carbon any energy from dioxide the substitution in user equal the portions effects. discrete (50% The service business-to- life each). as A portion business determined Recycling: of version the methane 10% the of cradle-to-grave the that tool is also generated accounts LCA. (10%) for the is TRACI oxidized impacts, before it cumulative reaches the energy landfill demand, surface. and LCI Combustion: elements from 10% landfill gas combustion as required by the PCR. Business to Consumer (B2C): The B2C tool requests from the user the breakdown of end-of-life treatment as determined in the cradle-to-grave LCA.

9 BUSINESS TO CONSUMER TOOL The Business to Consumer Tool applies average statistics for the biogenic carbon flows from the end-of-life processes that were modeled in the cradle-to-grave LCA. The cradle-to-grave LCA is assumed to have previously defined the service life as a discrete value. This discrete service life is then applied as a variation on the 100 year model in place of a statistical distribution of products leaving the in-use pool. After the service life, the end-of life processes are modeled based on North American average statistics adapted from the USEPA s WARM model. These parameters include the breakdown of waste wood to aerobic and anaerobic landfills, the prevalence and efficiency of landfill gas capture systems, and the makeup of the landfill gas itself. In the B2C Tool, the user also enters the following parameters as determined in the cradle-to-grave LCA. These inputs include: Product Oven-dry wood mass of wood in product % of delivered product that becomes waste at year 0 Service life % of waste that is recycled, combusted and landfilled The tool then calculates and reports for the user the following outputs: Sequestration Credit (kg C02) Total Methane Emissions (kg CH4 and kg C02 eq.) Total Carbon Dioxide (kg C02) Sequestration Credit Net of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Emissions (kg C02 eq.) BUSINESS TO BUSINESS TOOL The Business to Business Tool applies average statistics for the gate-to-grave processes not included in the cradle to-gate LCA. These processes include transportation to end-user, end use, transportation to end-of-life treatment, and end-of-life treatment. The tool calculates the life cycle impacts for these processes based on the TRACI and Cumulative Energy Demand characterization models as required by the PCR for the rest of the life cycle. The end-of-life modeling begins, as in the B2C tool, with the products as they reach the end of their service life. Average halflives for the most common uses of wood commodities were used to complete the 100 year methodology for calculating products in-use. Similar to the B2C tool, the end-of life processes are modeled based on North American average statistics adapted from the USEPA s WARM model. In the B2B Tool, the user enters: Product Oven-dry mass of wood in product The tool then calculates and reports for the user the following outputs: Sequestration Credit (kg C02) Total Methane Emissions (kg CH4 and kg C02 eq.) Total Carbon Dioxide (kg C02) Sequestration Credit Net of Methane and Carbon Dioxide Emissions (kg C02 eq.) Gate-to-Grave LCIA results for TRACI and CED impact categories

10 Contents of Excel Worksheets 1. User Inputs and Summary Results. This worksheet contains the user interface and summary results that are ready to export for inclusion in the EPD. 2. Carbon Pool Calculations. This worksheet tracks flows between end of life carbon pools including use, recycling, combustion, and landfill. Landfill modelling includes simulation of year-to-year decomposition. 3. Emissions Calculations. This worksheet calculates greenhouse gas emissions based on inputs from the carbon pool calculations worksheet and the various end-of-life modeling parameters. 4. Gate-to-Grave Impacts. (Only in B2B) This worksheet includes life cycle impact assessment and resource use results for gate-to-grave processes not included in cradle-to-gate LCA. 5. Parameters. This worksheet includes data tables and references for all parameters used in the carbon sequestration tools. 6. Documentation. This worksheet provides descriptions of the general approach to the analysis, user inputs, and calculations.

11 Frequently Asked Questions Question: Do I need any special software or other requirements to use the carbon tools? Reply: No, the carbon tools were developed in Microsoft Excel and do not include macros or any programming layers on top of basic Excel functions. Question: Why does this tool employ a flow accounting model while international reporting protocols for forest carbon are typically based on the levels of carbon stocks in various pools? Reply: The carbon tools are meant to accompany LCA research which typically model the flows of various emissions into the atmosphere as opposed to estimating flows based on changes to various stock levels. The flow model also allows the direct accounting of the global warming potential of methane and carbon dioxide which are both generated in the endof-life processes of wood products. Question: Why does the tool ignore logging and manufacturing carbon emissions, both biogenic and fossil? Question: Does the B2B carbon tool allow me to customize specific gate-to-grave processes such as transportation by ship to overseas customers? Reply: The B2B tool is intentionally based on average uses, transportation distances, and North American end-of-life treatment. This was done to ensure the tool s compatibility with FP Innovations wood PCR which is specific to North American EPD s. FP Innovations would be happy to work with you to adapt the tool to model specific scenarios that are not covered in the generic average cases. Question: Why does the B2C tool use discrete service lives while the B2B tool bases service life on statstical half lives? Reply: The B2C tool must synch up with previously completed cradle-to-grave LCA studies that typically model life phases as discrete events occuring at specific times. The B2B tool is based on statistical half-life data to represent the probabalistic nature of the data that is available for end-uses of wood commodities. Reply: The tool is meant to accompany LCA that already includes cradle-to-gate emissions. The product carbon content was chosen as a conservative basesline for the sequestration credit so that biogenic carbon emissions from manufacturing may be excluded from the analysis (excluding them is the same as including the credit and then assuming 100% aerobic emission). This product-level baseline is in accordance with PAS 2050 and the WRI GHG Protocol for Products.

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts

Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts Conclusions and Summary Report Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Highway Guard Rail Posts ISO 14044 Compliant Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc. Treated Wood Council (2013) Conclusions and Summary Report

More information

Conclusions and Summary Report:

Conclusions and Summary Report: Conclusions and Summary Report: Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Chromated Copper Arsenate-Treated Utility Poles with Comparisons to Concrete, Galvanized Steel, and Fiber- Reinforced Composite Utility

More information

PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF

PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF Biosolids Emissions Assessment Model: User Guide PN 1430 ISBN 978-1-896997-86-5 PDF Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment, 2009 The Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment (CCME) is

More information

Conclusions and Summary Report:

Conclusions and Summary Report: Conclusions and Summary Report: Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of Ammoniacal Copper Zinc Arsenate-Treated Wood Marine Piles with Comparisons to Reinforced Concrete, Galvanized Steel, and Plastic Marine

More information

Printing & Writing Papers Life-Cycle Assessment Summary Report

Printing & Writing Papers Life-Cycle Assessment Summary Report Printing & Writing Papers Life-Cycle Assessment Summary Report INTRODUCTION PRINTING & WRITING PAPERS LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT The American Forest & Paper Association (AF&PA) and the Forest Products Association

More information

ISO Compliant. Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc. Treated Wood Council (2012)

ISO Compliant. Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc. Treated Wood Council (2012) Conclusions and Summary Report on an Environmental Life Cycle Assessment of ACQ- Treated Lumber Decking with Comparisons to Wood Plastic Composite Decking ISO 14044 Compliant Prepared by: AquAeTer, Inc.

More information

Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing

Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Quick Start Guide for ICFPA/NCASI Spreadsheets for Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Pulp and Paper Manufacturing Workbook Version 2.1, for the USDOE 1605(b) Voluntary Reporting of Greenhouse Gases

More information

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION Bottled water offers consumers a clean, portable supply of drinking water for consumption at home or away from home. Some disposable water bottles are recyclable, and lightweighting

More information

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Canadian Hardwood Flooring with Alternative Flooring Types. Acknowledgements

A Comparative Life Cycle Assessment of Canadian Hardwood Flooring with Alternative Flooring Types. Acknowledgements Acknowledgements This project is part of a research initiative designed to enhance the competitiveness of the hardwood industry in eastern Canada. Project funding was provided by Natural Resources Canada's

More information

49. Environmental Impact

49. Environmental Impact 14022-ORC-J 1 (15) 49. Environmental Impact Environmental impact assessment in HSC Sim 8 combines the simulation functionality of Sim with the functionality of GaBi environmental impact assessment software

More information

A practical guide to LCA. for students. designers and business managers. Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle

A practical guide to LCA. for students. designers and business managers. Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle A practical guide to LCA for students designers and business managers Cradle-to-Grave and Cradle-to-Cradle The cover photo is part of the Design Cork book and project (www. designcork. com), directed by

More information

Compiling environmental product declarations for wood-based construction products

Compiling environmental product declarations for wood-based construction products Compiling environmental product declarations for wood-based construction products Instructions for inventory, life cycle assessment and documentation Matti Kuittinen Lauri Linkosalmi CROSSOVER REPORT Aalto

More information

Carbon Footprint of Biofuel Sugarcane Produced in Mineral and Organic Soils in Florida. Jose-Luis Izursa Ed Hanlon Nana Amponsah John Capece

Carbon Footprint of Biofuel Sugarcane Produced in Mineral and Organic Soils in Florida. Jose-Luis Izursa Ed Hanlon Nana Amponsah John Capece Carbon Footprint of Biofuel Sugarcane Produced in Mineral and Organic Soils in Florida Jose-Luis Izursa Ed Hanlon Nana Amponsah John Capece Why biofuels? Accessible form or renewable energy Increased popularity

More information

CARBON FOOTPRINT OF CHIQUITA S NORTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN BANANAS. Executive Summary. MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics

CARBON FOOTPRINT OF CHIQUITA S NORTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN BANANAS. Executive Summary. MIT Center for Transportation & Logistics CARBON FOOTPRINT OF CHIQUITA S NORTH AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN BANANAS Executive Summary DR. ANTHONY J. CRAIG POSTDOCTORAL ASSOCIATE MIT CENTER FOR TRANSPORTATION & LOGISTICS DR. EDGAR E. BLANCO RESEARCH DIRECTOR

More information

Eastern Canadian Hardwood Lumber

Eastern Canadian Hardwood Lumber Environmental Product Declaration Eastern Canadian Hardwood Lumber Type III environmental declaration for eastern Canadian hardwood lumber developed according to ISO 21930 and 14025 represents average

More information

Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Greenhouse Gas Emissions 12 12 Greenhouse gases (GHG) are naturally occurring gases in the earth s atmosphere that absorb and radiate infrared radiation (heat) reflected from the earth s surface. The most

More information

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management? This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues you should consider when planning for solid waste management,

More information

Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)]

Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)] Printed circuit board [EDP 2005-108(0)] 1. General 1.1. Scope and definition This requirement specifies technical considerations, declaration format and communication necessary for developing and issuing

More information

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave

A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Environmental Product Declaration A clean energy solution from cradle to grave Offshore wind power plant employing SWT-6.0-154 siemens.com / wind 2 Assessing the performance of a wind power plant The environmental

More information

LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF FOAM POLYSTYRENE, PAPER-BASED, AND PLA FOODSERVICE PRODUCTS. Prepared for THE PLASTIC FOODSERVICE PACKAGING GROUP

LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF FOAM POLYSTYRENE, PAPER-BASED, AND PLA FOODSERVICE PRODUCTS. Prepared for THE PLASTIC FOODSERVICE PACKAGING GROUP LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY OF FOAM POLYSTYRENE, PAPER-BASED, AND PLA FOODSERVICE PRODUCTS Prepared for THE PLASTIC FOODSERVICE PACKAGING GROUP by FRANKLIN ASSOCIATES, A DIVISION OF ERG Prairie Village, Kansas

More information

Q1. What are some of the advantages of biomass energy production?

Q1. What are some of the advantages of biomass energy production? WFPA Biomass Q&A Q1. What are some of the advantages of biomass energy production? A. Biomass is a renewable energy source, because the planting and growth of new plants and trees replenishes the supply,

More information

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions What s in this Guide: I. Definition: What are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate your Company s GHGs IV. Outsourcing your GHG assessment V. What are the next

More information

A Time for Clarity WHY COMPLETE LCAs MATTER

A Time for Clarity WHY COMPLETE LCAs MATTER INTRODUCES A Time for Clarity WHY COMPLETE LCAs MATTER Climate change is one of the greatest challenges of our time. In responding to the imperative to reduce greenhouse gases, O-I feels a strong sense

More information

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service

Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners. Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon Credits: An Opportunity for Forest Landowners Hughes Simpson Texas Forest Service Carbon and Greenhouse Gases How can we mitigate Carbon / GHGs? Reduce emissions Stop burning fossil fuels Improve

More information

GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY

GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY GYPSUM ASSOCIATION LIFE-CYCLE ASSESSMENT SUMMARY GYPSUM ASSOCIATION The Gypsum Association (GA) is an international, not-for-profit trade association that is tax exempt under Section 501 (c) 6 of the Internal

More information

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia

Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia Standard Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Forests and Peatlands in Indonesia (Version 2) Chapter 7: Standard Method Peatland GHG Emissions MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTRY RESEARCH,

More information

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION

LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON COTTON AND VISCOSE FIBRES FOR TEXTILE PRODUCTION Janka Dibdiakova, Volkmar Timmermann Norwegian Forest and Landscape Institute (NFLI) Ås, Norway COST FP1205 Innovative applications

More information

Methane Analysis Overview. Discussion Paper

Methane Analysis Overview. Discussion Paper METHANE TO MARKETS PARTNERSHIP 4THANNUAL STEERING COMMITTEE MEETING Beijing, China M2M4/Doc. 4 November 2007 1. Purpose Methane Analysis Overview Discussion Paper The purpose of this document is to provide

More information

US hardwood s environmental impact: telling the whole story

US hardwood s environmental impact: telling the whole story Produced for the US hardwood s environmental impact: telling the whole story Summary AHEC is engaged in the largest Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) project ever undertaken in the international hardwood sector.

More information

Biopathways: Carbon Footprint Report. March 25, 2011

Biopathways: Carbon Footprint Report. March 25, 2011 Biopathways: Carbon Footprint Report March 25, 2011 Executive Summary The environmental performance of forest products are of keen interest to markets, public policy decision-makers and stakeholders alike.

More information

Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber

Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber eq Insights Volume 4.3/October2013 Life Cycle Assessment of Paper Products: Part Three The Carbon Footprint of Sappi s Somerset Mill and the Impact of Recycled Fiber This brief is provided to offer guidance

More information

SimaPro 7. Tutorial. product ecology consultants

SimaPro 7. Tutorial. product ecology consultants SimaPro 7 product ecology consultants June 2007 Colophon Title : SimaPro 7.1 Written by: PRé Consultants Mark Goedkoop, An De Schryver and Michiel Oele Report version: 3.2 Date: June 2007 Language: English

More information

CCX Forestry Carbon Offset Programs

CCX Forestry Carbon Offset Programs CCX Forestry Carbon Offset Programs Status of the U.S. Carbon Market A developing, voluntary market No national, regulatory greenhouse gas reduction scheme YET! Many local, state, and regional systems

More information

LIFE-CYCLE IMPACTS AND COSTS OF MANGANESE LOSSES AND RECOVERY DURING FERROMANGANESE PRODUCTION

LIFE-CYCLE IMPACTS AND COSTS OF MANGANESE LOSSES AND RECOVERY DURING FERROMANGANESE PRODUCTION LIFE-CYCLE IMPACTS AND COSTS OF MANGANESE LOSSES AND RECOVERY DURING FERROMANGANESE PRODUCTION L.A. Westfall 1, M.H. Cramer 1, J. Davourie 1, D. McGough 2 and M. Ali 1 1 Hatch Ltd., 2800 Speakman Drive,

More information

Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010)

Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010) Northeastern University Greenhouse Gas Inventory (2010) October 29, 2013 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY In accordance with American College and University Presidents Climate Commitment, the following report documents

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION In accordance with EN and ISO 14025

ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION In accordance with EN and ISO 14025 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION In accordance with EN 15804 and ISO 14025 Isover FireProtect 150, 60 mm calc. Date of calculation : May 2014 Version : 1.3 General information Manufacturer: Saint-Gobain

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES

ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES ENVIRONMENTAL LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT OF NOMACORC WINE CLOSURES EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Study conducted for s European and American facilities for the years 2008 and 2011. All calculated or aggregated results

More information

How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production

How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production ifeu Institut für Energie- und Umweltforschung Heidelberg How to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions by using co-products arising from palm oil production Nils Rettenmaier, Heiko Keller & Guido A. Reinhardt

More information

Why this study? Canada s Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Developments, Prospects and Reductions. PBO mandate to examine trends in Canadian economy

Why this study? Canada s Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Developments, Prospects and Reductions. PBO mandate to examine trends in Canadian economy Canada s Greenhouse Gas Emissions: Developments, Prospects and Reductions Office of the Parliamentary Budget Officer April 21, 216 Why this study? PBO mandate to examine trends in Canadian economy Index

More information

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report

Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report Fairfax County Public Schools Greenhouse Gas Inventory Report For Calendar Year 2013 Fairfax County Public Schools Office of Facilities Management 5025 Sideburn Road Fairfax, Virginia 22032 This report

More information

Carbon footprint calculation methodology

Carbon footprint calculation methodology 4. Carbon footprint calculation methodology Wood House Calculator 2013. An assessment t Edit Current Project Start a New Project We Ed If y Exc 34 36 36 40 46 55 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Standards related

More information

Corporate GHG accounting

Corporate GHG accounting Corporate GHG accounting Anastassia Manuilova Research Scientist Sustainable Saskatchewan March 3 rd, 2010 Agenda Introduction Climate change Corporate GHG accounting Main principles Programs, standards

More information

Carbon Footprinting of Horticultural Products

Carbon Footprinting of Horticultural Products Carbon Footprinting of Horticultural Products for business to business communication Calculating greenhouse gas emissions of horticultural products as a specification of the PAS2050 protocol Contents Introduction...

More information

Paroc Insulation, product group with density <70 kg/m³ Product

Paroc Insulation, product group with density <70 kg/m³ Product 1114 Ver. 2:2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION ISO 14025 ISO 21930 EN 15804 Owner of the declaration Publisher Declaration number Issue date Valid to epd-norge logo Paroc AB The Norwegian EPD Foundation

More information

An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) An Introduction to Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) Alissa Kendall, Ph.D. Assistant Professor Civil and Environmental Engineering University of California, Davis Nick Santero, Ph.D. Postdoctoral Scholar Civil

More information

PPA Magazine Carbon Footprint Calculator User Guide February 2009

PPA Magazine Carbon Footprint Calculator User Guide February 2009 PPA Magazine Carbon Footprint Calculator User Guide February 2009 PPA Magazine Carbon Calculator User Guide Page 1 1. Background The PPA has sponsored the development of the Magazine Carbon Footprint Calculator

More information

Colophon. Title: SimaPro Tutorial. Written by: PRé Mark Goedkoop, Michiel Oele, Marisa Vieira, Jorrit Leijting, Tommie Ponsioen, Ellen Meijer

Colophon. Title: SimaPro Tutorial. Written by: PRé Mark Goedkoop, Michiel Oele, Marisa Vieira, Jorrit Leijting, Tommie Ponsioen, Ellen Meijer Colophon Title: SimaPro Tutorial Written by: PRé Mark Goedkoop, Michiel Oele, Marisa Vieira, Jorrit Leijting, Tommie Ponsioen, Ellen Meijer Report version: 5.3 Date: January 2016 Language: English Availability:

More information

Using a Life Cycle Assessment Approach to Estimate the Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Bioenergy

Using a Life Cycle Assessment Approach to Estimate the Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions of Bioenergy This strategic report was prepared by Mr Neil Bird, Joanneum Research, Austria; Professor Annette Cowie, The National Centre for Rural Greenhouse Gas Research, Australia; Dr Francesco Cherubini, Norwegian

More information

Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations

Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations 5 Category 5: Waste Generated in Operations Category description C ategory 5 includes emissions from third-party disposal and treatment of waste generated in the reporting company s owned or controlled

More information

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Congratulations on your recent purchase of clean energy from Renewable Choice! Whether you ve purchased green power in the form of renewable

More information

Belgard Pavers Interlocking Concrete Paving Units

Belgard Pavers Interlocking Concrete Paving Units Belgard Pavers Interlocking Concrete Paving Units ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION VERIFICATION For over 60 years, Anchor, an Oldcastle Company based in Red Bank, NJ has been a leading manufacturer of

More information

Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint. Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee

Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint. Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee Measuring Your University s Carbon Footprint Leslie Chinery University of Tennessee What Is a Carbon Footprint? Carbon dioxide and other GHG emissions for which institution is directly responsible Carbon

More information

LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes

LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes 1 LCA Modeling for Building Construction Processes Ya Hong Dong, S. Thomas Ng Department of Civil Engineering The University of Hong Kong 2 Outline Background Life cycle assessment Environmental modeling

More information

In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less than in 2012

In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less than in 2012 20 November 2015 Environmental accounts. Atmospheric Emission Accounts. Base 2010. Accounting series 2010-2013 In 2013, the Spanish economy emits 316.9 million tonnes of greenhouse effect gases, 7.8% less

More information

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products.

production combination is ethanol (low value) and succinic acid (high value), together with acetic acid and electricity as co-products. Summary The increasing world energy demand, depletion and unequal distribution of fossil resources, and the dangers caused by climate change are the driving forces for the development of alternative energy

More information

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production)

Environmental Life Cycle Assessment Framework for Sukker Production (Raw Sugar Production) International Journal of Environmental Engineering and Management. ISSN 2231-1319, Volume 4, Number 5 (2013), pp. 499-506 Research India Publications http://www.ripublication.com/ ijeem.htm Environmental

More information

Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste

Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste Sustainable Plastics with Reduced Carbon Footprint & Reduced Waste Joseph P. Greene California State University, Chico Chico, CA 95929-0789 Abstract Plastic products can be made more sustainable by reducing

More information

NOTE: 08/2014 revision corrects issues related allocation & slag and fly ash within the Int. EPD PCR evaluation.

NOTE: 08/2014 revision corrects issues related allocation & slag and fly ash within the Int. EPD PCR evaluation. Comparison of Concrete PCRs-Rev 1 This comparison of three Concrete PCRs: versions 1.0 and 1.1 of the Carbon Leadership Forum PCR and version 1.0 of the International EPD system PCR was prepared by K.

More information

Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint

Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint Measuring Caltech s Carbon Footprint S. Petkova California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, United States Keywords: Carbon footprint CACP Calculator v5.0 Caltech Greenhouse gases ABSTRACT The collection

More information

COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT OF THE CRIMSON PROCESS WITH NORMAL SAND CASTING PROCESS. Mark Jolly Manufacturing and Materials Department

COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT OF THE CRIMSON PROCESS WITH NORMAL SAND CASTING PROCESS. Mark Jolly Manufacturing and Materials Department Proceedings of the 11 th International Conference on Manufacturing Research (ICMR2013) Advances in Manufacturing Technology XXVII: 19-20 September 2013, Cranfield, Bedfordshire, UK. COMPARISON OF THE ENVIROMENTAL

More information

GHG Protocol Product and Supply Chain Initiative. Proposed List of Technical Topics

GHG Protocol Product and Supply Chain Initiative. Proposed List of Technical Topics Page 1 World Business Council for Sustainable Development GHG Protocol Product and Supply Chain Initiative Proposed List of Technical Topics Seven technical working groups have been established to develop

More information

Residential & Commercial Sectors Overview CLIMATE

Residential & Commercial Sectors Overview CLIMATE CLIMATE TECHBOOK Residential and Commercial Emissions in the United States Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data can be reported either by economic sector, which includes electric power generation as a separate

More information

Forest Carbon for the Private Landowner (2): Protocols, Project Examples and Opportunities Andrea Tuttle*

Forest Carbon for the Private Landowner (2): Protocols, Project Examples and Opportunities Andrea Tuttle* Forest Carbon for the Private Landowner (2): Protocols, Project Examples and Opportunities Andrea Tuttle* Go to presentation Slide 1. Carbon Assessments and Markets Hello, I'm Andrea Tuttle. I'm a former

More information

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY

GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS INVENTORY The first step in developing a plan to reduce greenhouse gases was to identify sources and quantities of greenhouse gases emitted in Fort Collins. An emissions inventory

More information

Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014

Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014 Can ISO standards on LCA support full harmonization? Kurt Buxmann Zürich, Sept. 9, 2014 ISO Standards on LCA History and First Generation 1985 1990: Different approaches to quantify environmental issues

More information

Carbon emissions from burning biomass for energy

Carbon emissions from burning biomass for energy Carbon emissions from burning biomass for energy Is biomass Worse than coal? Yes, if you re interested in reducing carbon dioxide emissions anytime in the next 40 years. Biomass burning: a major carbon

More information

Automotive Steel Performance Advantages for Mass Reduction and Climate Change

Automotive Steel Performance Advantages for Mass Reduction and Climate Change Automotive Steel Performance Advantages for Mass Reduction and Climate Change Jody Shaw United States Steel George Coates Phoenix AG, Inc. Automotive Steel Performance Advantages Today s Agenda: 1) We

More information

Inclusion of Municipal Solid Waste as a Renewable Energy Source

Inclusion of Municipal Solid Waste as a Renewable Energy Source Inclusion of Municipal Solid Waste as a Renewable Energy Source Theodore S. Pytlar, Jr. VP Solid Waste Group Dvirka & Bartilucci Consulting Engineers 1. 0 Should the definition of renewable energy be based

More information

Appendix D: Calculation formula summary tables

Appendix D: Calculation formula summary tables Appendix D: Calculation formula summary tables Summary of calculation s for category 1 (Purchased goods and services) Supplier-specific sum across purchased goods and services: (quantities of good purchased

More information

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management

Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Accounting for Wastewater Treatment and Biosolids Management Presented by and NJ Water Environment Association March 4, 2010 Eatontown, New Jersey Photo: BioCycle Background Implications

More information

Courses Earth and Environmental Science

Courses Earth and Environmental Science Calculating Your Carbon Footprint Overview In this activity, students will calculate their household s carbon footprint using the US EPA s Personal Emissions Calculator and will compare the size of their

More information

Estimating the net emission of CO2 from 1831 harvested wood products

Estimating the net emission of CO2 from 1831 harvested wood products ISBN 82-7655-429-6 Price NOK 75,- Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (SFT) was established in 1974 as a directorate under the Norwegian Ministry of Environment. Our goal is to promote sustainable development.we

More information

IMPACT OF PLASTICS PACKAGING ON LIFE CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION & GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA Substitution Analysis

IMPACT OF PLASTICS PACKAGING ON LIFE CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION & GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA Substitution Analysis IMPACT OF PLASTICS PACKAGING ON LIFE CYCLE ENERGY CONSUMPTION & GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS IN THE UNITED STATES AND CANADA Substitution Analysis PREPARED FOR The American Chemistry Council (ACC) and The

More information

LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints

LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints LCA of biofuels: developments and constraints Dr. Julio C. Sacramento Rivero Faculty of Chemical Engineering Universidad Autonoma de Yucatan 1 Contents Scope of this presentation Brief overview of LCA

More information

Framework for the development of Carbon Footprints for paper and board products

Framework for the development of Carbon Footprints for paper and board products Framework for the development of Carbon Footprints for paper and board products September 2007 Marco Mensink Energy and Environment Director Tel: +32 (0)2 627 49 28 m.mensink@cepi.org Acknowledgements

More information

LCAs and EPDs of Building Materials

LCAs and EPDs of Building Materials LCAs and EPDs of Building Materials Presented by: James Salazar Senior Researcher, Athena Institute Outline of Presentation 1: Background on Athena and LCA 2: LCAs and EPDs of Windows 3: Conducting an

More information

Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy

Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy Biogas Advantages Beyond Green Energy Contract No. IEE/09/848 SI2.558364 Project duration 01/05/2010 31/10/2012 Sustainable Biogas Market Development in Central and Eastern Europe Bucharest, 06/04/2011

More information

BRITISH COLUMBIA WOOD PELLETS

BRITISH COLUMBIA WOOD PELLETS BRITISH COLUMBIA WOOD PELLETS SUSTAINABILITY FACT SHEET WOOD PELLET ASSOCIATION OF CANADA What Makes a Sustainable Biomass Supply? CONTENTS Page 6/7 3 4 5 5 6 6 I. British Columbia World-Class Sustainable

More information

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool. for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool. for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Life Cycle Cost (LCC) Tool for Commercial Building Developments in Hong Kong FORWARD Forward 2002, the Electrical and Mechanical Services Department In (EMSD) of the HKSAR

More information

Chicago Climate Exchange

Chicago Climate Exchange Chicago Climate Exchange Avoided Emissions from Organic Waste Disposal Offset Project Protocol Avoided Emissions from Organic Waste Disposal Offset Projects The Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX ) Avoided

More information

Utah Copper Corporation. Molybdenum Oxide Environmental Profile

Utah Copper Corporation. Molybdenum Oxide Environmental Profile Utah Copper Corporation Oxide Environmental Profile Life Cycle Assessment DECEMBER 2004 We are going to get to a point where everything we do is driven by sustainable development. Bill Champion, President

More information

Recycling: Why glass always has a happy ending

Recycling: Why glass always has a happy ending Recycling: Why glass always has a happy ending In a nutshell You know there is a direct link between recycling and reducing our carbon footprint. You also probably know that glass recycling has many positive

More information

Solid softwood panelling for interior use Product

Solid softwood panelling for interior use Product 1114 Ver. 2:2014 ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration Norwegian Wood Industry Federation Publisher The Norwegian EPD Foundation

More information

Oil and Gas. Introduction to the module

Oil and Gas. Introduction to the module Introduction to the module These questions are designed to apply to organizations operating in the oil and gas (O&G) industry. They are based on a reporting framework devised by the Institutional Investors

More information

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions GIIRS Emerging Market Assessment Resource Guide: What s in this Guide? I. Definition: What Are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate Company-wide GHGs IV. Outsourcing

More information

Using LCA to demonstrate genuine sustainability in wood products design: An American Hardwood Case Study

Using LCA to demonstrate genuine sustainability in wood products design: An American Hardwood Case Study Using LCA to demonstrate genuine sustainability in wood products design: An American Hardwood Case Study Rupert Oliver, Sustainability Consultant American Hardwood Export Council LCA of U.S. hardwood lumber

More information

Zinkbolt. ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration:

Zinkbolt. ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration: ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION in accordance with ISO 14025, ISO 21930 and EN 15804 Owner of the declaration: Program operator: Publisher: Declaration number: ECO Platform reference number: 00000280

More information

CleanMetrics TM. FoodCarbonScope. Product Technical Brief. CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011. Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved.

CleanMetrics TM. FoodCarbonScope. Product Technical Brief. CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011. Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved. FoodCarbonScope Product Technical Brief CleanMetrics Corp. October 2011 Copyright 2011 by CleanMetrics Corp. All rights reserved. Contents What is FoodCarbonScope?... 3 Who is it for?... 3 Applications...

More information

Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges.

Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges. 1 Narration: This presentation will introduce you to biofuels and their impact on climate. You will also learn about future energy challenges. 2 Narration: How big is the energy challenge of climate change?

More information

The Inmetro LCA Collaboration

The Inmetro LCA Collaboration The Inmetro LCA Collaboration Introduction Biofuels and the Environment Currently, the default fuels worldwide are from fossil origin. Lately, with the tighter regulations and with the increase in environmental

More information

Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory

Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory Climate Change and Waste The Missing Link December 2010 Written by Jacob Gregory Strategies being used to mitigate climate change in Canada are largely focused on curtailing emissions from energy production:

More information

Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market

Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market Where does the wine sector sit in terms of Australian climate policy and the global carbon market The Carbon Farming Initiative and Emission Reduction Fund Geoff Cowey viticulture@awri.com.au The_AWRI

More information

CARBON ASSESSMENT TICKETING DELIVERY SYSTEMS

CARBON ASSESSMENT TICKETING DELIVERY SYSTEMS CARBON ASSESSMENT TICKETING DELIVERY SYSTEMS Table of Contents Executive Summary...3 1. Introduction...4 2. Method...4 3. Goal Definition and Scope...6 3.1. Purpose of Study...6 3.2. System Boundaries...7

More information

An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels. Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services

An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels. Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services An environmental comparison of paper and plastic labels Chris Edwards & Gary Parker Intertek Expert Services Introduction To provide retailers with an understanding of the carbon footprint of paper and

More information

SimaPro 5. Tutorial. The Wood example. product ecology consultants

SimaPro 5. Tutorial. The Wood example. product ecology consultants SimaPro 5 Tutorial The Wood example product ecology consultants SimaPro Tutorial The Wood example PRé Consultants B.V. Mark Goedkoop November 2002 product ecology consultants Report version: 1.0 All rights

More information

COAL VERSUS BIOMASS ELECTRICITY GENERATION - COMPARING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS USING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT. Pamela L. Spath Margaret K.

COAL VERSUS BIOMASS ELECTRICITY GENERATION - COMPARING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS USING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT. Pamela L. Spath Margaret K. COAL VERSUS BIOMASS ELECTRICITY GENERATION - COMPARING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPLICATIONS USING LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT Pamela L. Spath Margaret K. Mann National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Blvd. Golden,

More information

UK Solid and Gaseous Biomass Carbon Calculator

UK Solid and Gaseous Biomass Carbon Calculator UK Solid and Gaseous Biomass Carbon Calculator Renewables Obligation: User manual for the Solid and Gaseous Biomass Carbon Calculator Version 2.0 January 2015 Contents FOREWORD... 1 1 GETTING STARTED...

More information

Basic Tools for Energy and Climate Analysis

Basic Tools for Energy and Climate Analysis Basic Tools for Energy and Climate Analysis Week 3: Energy and Climate Policy PB AF 595 Michael Lazarus and Matt Steuerwalt A starter set IPAT and identifying key drivers Understanding units, energy (stock)

More information

Appendix B Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Forecast Methodology

Appendix B Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Forecast Methodology Appendix B Greenhouse Gas Emissions Inventory and Forecast Methodology GHG Inventory Methodology This appendix contains an explanation of the methodology used to calculate GHG emissions for Monterey County

More information

CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM CDM-MP62-A01

CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM CDM-MP62-A01 CLEAN DEVELOPMENT MECHANISM CDM-MP62-A01 Draft Large-Scale Consolidated Methodology ACM00XX: Natural gas substitution by biogenic methane produced from the anaerobic digestion of organic waste COVER NOTE

More information