Children in Egypt 2014 A STATISTICAL DIGEST

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1 Children in Egypt 2014 A STATISTICAL DIGEST CHAPTER 1 DEMOGRAPHY

2 Children in Egypt 2014 is a statistical digest produced by UNICEF Egypt to present updated and quality data on major dimensions of child wellbeing. This chapter contains statistics on demography, including information on population size and composition, fertility, mortality and life expectancy. The statistics featured in this chapter are from national official sources. The appendix displays data from international databases. Data presented in this chapter are those available to UNICEF Egypt up to June 2014 and refer to 2014 and/or previous years. The data may be used for private study, research and teaching purposes, or for use in noncommercial products or services, using the following citation: UNICEF (2014) Children in Egypt: a statistical digest, June 2014, UNICEF Egypt, Cairo, Egypt United Nations Children's Fund, Egypt June 2014 United Nations Children's Fund, Egypt 87, Misr Helwan Agricultural Road, Maadi, Cairo, Egypt Telephone: (202) Fax: (202) Website: Cover Photo: UNICEF//Yousri Aql Design and layout: Above and Below

3 Children in Egypt 2014 LIST OF TABLES Population size and composition Table 1.01: population, (midyear, in thousands) Table 1.02: Population annual absolute change and growth rate, Table 1.03: population by regions, mid (in thousands and as a percentage of the total Egyptian population) Table 1.04: Average household size by urban/rural residence,, and Table 1.05: Population distribution by age group and gender, 1st January 2014 (in thousands and as a percentage of total population) Table 1.06: Population distribution, selected age groups, 1st January 2014 Table 1.07: Sex ratio in total population, 1986, 1996, 2006, and Table 1.08: Child, old age and total dependency ratios, 1996, 2006, and Fertility, Mortality and life expectancy Table 1.09: fertility rates, by residence, Table 1.10: Age specific fertility rates, Table 1.11: Crude birth and death rates and natural population increase, Table 1.12: Crude birth and death rates and natural increase by urban/rural residence, /2011 Table 1.13: Life expectancy at birth, 2006 Appendix: data from international sources Table 1.14 population, urban and rural, Table 1.15: Population absolute change and growth rate, 1990 Table 1.16: Child dependency ratio, 1990 Table 1.17: and old age dependency ratios, 1990 Table 1.18: Net migration and net migration rate,

4 DEMOGRAPHY POPULATION SIZE AND COMPOSITION Table 1.01 population, (midyear, in thousands) Year population Urban % ,653 72,008 73,644 75,194 76,925 78,685 80,530 82,305 84, Source: CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures 2014, data on percentage of urban population are from various editions of CAPMAS Egypt in Figures and CAPMAS Statistical Yearbook. Accessed in May Table 1.02 Population annual absolute change and growth rate, Year Absolute Annual Change (thousands) 1,335 1,323 1,330 1,337 1,339 1,350 1,355 1,636 1,550 1,731 1,760 1,845 1,775 2,324 Annual Growth Rate (percentage) Source: CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures Annual growth rates calculated by UNICEF. Accessed in May

5 Children in Egypt 2014 Table 1.03 population by regions, mid (in thousands and as a percentage of the total Egyptian population) Urban Governorates Lower Egypt Urban Lower Egypt Rural Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Urban Upper Egypt Rural Upper Egypt Frontier Governorates Urban Frontier Rural Frontier Population (thousands) 14,906 10,176 26,165 10,125 21,711 1, Share of total Egyptian population (percentage) Source: Calculated from CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures Accessed in May Table 1.04 Average household size by urban/rural residence,, and (average number of individuals per household) Average household size: Egypt Urban Rural Upper Egypt Lower Egypt Source: Egypt Demographic and Health Survey,, and. Note: This table is based on de jure household members, i.e. persons who usually live in the household. 3

6 DEMOGRAPHY Table 1.05 Population distribution by age group and gender, 1st January 2014 (in thousands and as a percentage of total population) Age Group (in thousands) % Female Male (in thousands) % (in thousands) % 04 9, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,633 2, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , Source: CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures Accessed in May Table 1.06 Population distribution, selected age groups, 1st January 2014 Age Group Population (thousands) 9,578 26,673 31,498 16,043 16,652 8,345 55,328 3,782 % of total Source: Data calculated by UNICEF on the basis of absolute numbers presented in CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures Accessed in May

7 Children in Egypt 2014 Table 1.07 Sex ratio in total population, 1986, 1996, 2006, and Urban Rural (number of males per 100 females in the population) Source: Population data from CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures Urban/rural data are from CAPMAS, Population by Sex, Urban and Rural Percentage in Census Years ( ), Accessed in May Table 1.08 Child, old age and total dependency ratios, 1996, 2006, and Years (dependents per 100 people in the working age population, 1564) Child dependency ratio Old age dependency ratio dependency ratio Source: Calculated by UNICEF using data extracted from: CAPMAS, Population Distribution By Age Groups, Sex, Final Results of Population Census 1996 and 2006; pdf%20population/211.pdf. Accessed in May Data for and are from CAPMAS (2014), Egypt in Figures Note: The dependency ratios are the age to population ratios of those typically not in the labor force (i.e. the dependents) and those typically in the labor force (exemplified by the workingage population, i.e. those aged 1564 years). The child dependency ratio is the ratio between the population aged 014 to population aged 1564, multiplied by 100. The old age dependency ratio is the ratio between the populations aged 65 and older to the population aged 1564, multiplied by 100. The total dependency ratio is the ratio of the sum of the dependent population (aged 014 years and 65 or older years) to the population of working age, 1564 years, multiplied by 100. The figures reflect the number of dependents in the population for every 100 persons of working age. 5

8 DEMOGRAPHY FERTILITY, MORTALITY AND LIFE EXPECTANCY Table 1.09 fertility rates, by residence, Period 2003 (average number of children per woman aged 1549) Urban Rural Urban Governorates Lower Egypt Urban Lower Egypt Rural Lower Egypt Upper Egypt Urban Upper Egypt Rural Upper Egypt Frontier Governorates Source: Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys,, 2003, and. Accessed in May Note: The total fertility rate is the average number of children per woman, and reflects the average number of live births that a woman would have by age 50 if she were subject, throughout her life, to the agespecific fertility rates observed in the reference year/period. The fertility rates from the Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys refer to the threeyear period before the survey. Table 1.10 Age specific fertility rates, Age Group 2003 (births per 1,000 women) Source: Egypt Demographic and Health Survey,. Accessed in May Note: The agespecific fertility rate measures the number of births to women of a specified age or age group per 1,000 women in that age group, in a specific year/period. The fertility rates from the Egypt Demographic and Health Surveys refer to the threeyear period before the survey. 6

9 Children in Egypt 2014 Table 1.11 Crude birth and death rates and natural population increase, Years Crude birth rate 27.4 Crude death rate (per 1,000 population) 6.3 Rate of natural increase Source: CAPMAS (2014) Egypt in Figures, Accessed in May Note: The crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population (at midyear).the crude death rate is the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population (at midyear). Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate gives the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration, per 1,000 population (at midyear). Table 1.12 Crude birth and death rates and natural increase by urban/rural residence, / (per 1,000 population) Crude birth rate Urban Rural Crude death rate Urban Rural Rate of natural increase of the population Urban Rural Source: CAPMAS () Egypt Statistical Abstract,. Note: The crude birth rate indicates the number of live births occurring during the year, per 1,000 population (at midyear). The crude death rate is the number of deaths occurring during the year, per 1,000 population (at midyear). Subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate provides the rate of natural increase, which is equal to the rate of population change in the absence of migration, per 1,000 population (at midyear). 7

10 DEMOGRAPHY Table 1.13 Life expectancy at birth, 2006 Life expectancy at birth Male (years) Female Source: CAPMAS () Statistical Yearbook,. Note: The Life expectancy at birth refers to the average number of years that a newborn infant would live if current agespecific mortality patterns at the time of her/his birth were to stay the same throughout her/his life. 8

11 Children in Egypt 2014 APPENDIX: Data from international sources Table 1.14 population, urban and rural, 2011 (thousands) 66,137 71,778 78,076 79,392 80,722 82,056 Percentage Urban % Source: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The Revision. Data on the percentage of urban are from: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The Revision and World Urbanization Prospects: The 2011 Revision. Accessed in May Table 1.15 Population absolute change and growth rate, population (thousands) 61,168 66,137 71,778 78,076 Annual average absolute change (thousands) ,128 1,260 Annual average growth (%) Source: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The Revision. Accessed in May Table 1.16 Child dependency ratio, 1990 Age group (ratio per 100 population aged 1564, 2064 or 2564) Source: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The Revision. Accessed in May

12 DEMOGRAPHY Table 1.17 and old age dependency ratios, dependency ratio (population aged 014 and 65+ per 100 population aged 1564) Old age dependency ratio (population aged 65+ per 100 population aged 1564) Source: Population Division of the Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat, World Population Prospects: The Revision. Accessed in May Table 1.18 Net migration and net migration rate, Net Migration (yearly average) (thousands) Net Migration Rate (per 1,000 population) Source: United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division () World Population Prospects: The Revision, CDROM Edition. Accessed in May Note: Net migration is the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over a period. The net migration rate is the number of immigrants minus the number of emigrants over a period divided by the personyears lived by the population of the receiving country over that period. It is expressed as the net number of migrants per 1,000 population. 10

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