GCSE (9 1) Religious Studies J625/06 Religion, philosophy and ethics in the modern world from a Christian perspective Sample Question Paper SPECIMEN

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1 Oxford Cambridge and RSA GCSE (9 1) Religious Studies J625/06 Religion, philosophy and ethics in the modern world from a Christian perspective Sample Question Paper Date Morning/Afternoon Time allowed: 2 hours You must have: OCR 12-page Answer Booklet INSTRUCTIONS Use black ink. Answer all the questions. Do not write in the bar codes. * * INFORMATION The total mark for this paper is 126. The marks for each question are shown in brackets [ ]. Spelling, punctuation and grammar and the use of specialist terminology (SPaG) will be assessed in questions marked with a pencil (). 6 marks can be awarded for SPaG. Quality of extended response will be assessed in questions marked with an asterisk (*). This document consists of 4 pages. OCR 2016 J 625/06 Turn over [601/8594/6] DC ( ) D10096/05

2 2 Answer all the questions. 1 Relationships and families (a) (b) Give three reasons why a Christian couple might consider a divorce. Outline different Christian attitudes towards cohabitation. [] [6] (c) (d) Explain how and why Christians might provide a religious upbringing for their children. You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. It is better to marry than stay single. Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. [15] Spelling, punctuation and grammar [] 2 The existence of God (a) (b) (c) (d) Give three different types of religious experience. Outline the philosophical argument from design for the existence of God. Explain why religious experiences are important to some Christians. You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. God is not interested in human beings. Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: [6] [] [6] [6] Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. [15] Spelling, punctuation and grammar [] OCR 2016 J 625/06

3 Religion, peace and conflict (a) (b) State three ways Christians might resolve conflict. Describe Christian teachings about going to war. [] [6] (c) Explain why working towards social justice is important to Christians. You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. (d)* All Christians should be pacifists. Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. [15] 4 Dialogue between religious and non-religious beliefs and attitudes (a) (b) (c) Describe one Christian attitude towards euthanasia. How do Christians contribute to interfaith dialogue in the UK? In your response you must consider that religious traditions in Great Britain are diverse, but mainly Christian. [6] Explain why secularism is a challenge for some Christians. You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. (d)* Religion has no place in the modern world. Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: [6] [] [6] Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. [15] END OF QUESTION PAPER OCR 2016 J625/06

4 4 Copyright Information: OCR is committed to seeking permission to reproduce all third-party content that it uses in the assessment materials. OCR has attempted to identify and contact all copyright holders whose work is used in this paper. To avoid the issue of disclosure of answer-related information to learners, all copyright acknowledgements are reproduced in the OCR Copyright Acknowledgements booklet. This is produced for each series of examinations and is freely available to download from our public website ( after the live examination series. If OCR has unwittingly failed to correctly acknowledge or clear any third-party content in this assessment material, OCR will be happy to correct its mistake at the earliest possible opportunity. For queries or further information please contact the Copyright Team, First Floor, 9 Hills Road, Cambridge CB2 1GE. OCR is part of the Cambridge Assessment Group; Cambridge Assessment is the brand name of University of Cambridge Local Examinations Syndicate (UCLES), which is itself a department of the University of Cambridge. OCR 2016 J 625/06

5 day June 20XX Morning/Afternoon GCSE (9 1) Religious Studies J625/06 Religion, philosophy and ethics in the modern world from a Christian perspective SAMPLE MARK SCHEME MAXIMUM MARK 126 This document consists of 40 pages. Duration: 2 hours D10096/05

6 MARKING INSTRUCTIONS FOR MARKING ON-SCREEN AND FOR PAPER BASED MARKING 1. Mark strictly to the mark scheme. 2. Marks awarded must relate directly to the marking criteria.. The schedule of dates is very important. It is essential that you meet the scoris 50% and 100% deadlines. If you experience problems, you must contact your Team Leader (Supervisor) without delay. 4. If you are in any doubt about applying the mark scheme, consult your Team Leader by telephone or via the scoris messaging system, or by Crossed Out, Rubric Error (Optional Questions) and Multiple Responses Crossed Out Responses Where a candidate has crossed out a response and provided a clear alternative then the crossed out response is not marked. Where no alternative response has been provided, examiners may give candidates the benefit of the doubt and mark the crossed out response where legible. Rubric Error Responses Optional Questions Where candidates have a choice of question across a whole paper or a whole section and have provided more answers than required, then all responses are marked and the highest mark allowable within the rubric is given. (The underlying assumption is that the candidate has penalised themselves by attempting more questions than necessary in the time allowed.) Contradictory Responses When a candidate provides contradictory responses, then no mark should be awarded, even if one of the answers is correct. Short Answer Questions (requiring only a list by way of a response, usually worth only one mark per response) Where candidates are required to provide a set number of short answer responses then only the set number of responses should be marked. The response space should be marked from left to right on each line and then line by line until the required number of responses have been considered. The remaining responses should not then be marked. Examiners will have to apply judgement as to whether a second response on a line is a development of the first response, rather than a separate, discrete response. (The underlying assumption is that the candidate is attempting to hedge their bets and therefore getting undue benefit rather than engaging with the question and giving the most relevant/correct responses.) 2

7 Short Answer Questions (requiring a more developed response, worth two or more marks) If the candidates are required to provide a description of, say, three items or factors and four items or factors are provided, then mark on a similar basis that is downwards (as it is unlikely in this situation that a candidate will provide more than one response in each section of the response space.) Longer Answer Questions (requiring a developed response) Where candidates have provided two (or more) responses to a medium or high tariff question which only required a single (developed) response and not crossed out the first response, then only the first response should be marked. Examiners will need to apply professional judgement as to whether the second (or a subsequent) response is a new start or simply a poorly expressed continuation of the first response. 6. Always check the additional pages (and additional objects if present) at the end of the response in case any answers have been continued there. If the candidate has continued an answer there then add a tick to confirm that the work has been seen. The link page check box should be used on scoris to link candidate responses in additional objects to the corresponding question number. a. Where additional objects are present, all pages must contain an annotation, or scoris will not allow you to submit the script. Where no response is given by a candidate on a whole page the BP annotation must be applied. b. Where generic answer booklets are used, all pages must contain an annotation, or scoris will not allow you to submit the script. Where no response is given by a candidate on a whole page the BP annotation must be applied. c. Where structured answer booklets are used, the BP annotation must be applied to all pages where no response is given by a candidate. 7. There is a NR (No Response) option. Award NR (No Response) - if there is nothing written at all in the answer space - OR if there is a comment which does not in any way relate to the question (e.g. can t do, don t know ) - OR if there is a mark (e.g. a dash, a question mark) which isn t an attempt at the question Note: Award 0 marks - for an attempt that earns no credit (including copying out the question) 8. The scoris comments box is used by your team leader to explain the marking of the practice responses. Please refer to these comments when checking your practice responses. Do not use the comments box for any other reason. If you have any questions or comments for your team leader, use the phone, the scoris messaging system, or For answers marked by response: levels of

8 - To determine the level start at the highest level and work down until you reach the level that matches the answer - To determine the mark within the level consider the following: Descriptor On the borderline of this level and the one below Just enough achievement on balance for this level Meets the criteria but with some slight inconsistency Consistently meets the criteria for this level 10. Annotations Award mark At bottom of level Above bottom and either below middle or at middle of level (depending on number of marks available) Above middle and either below top of level or at middle of level (depending on number of marks available) At top of level Blank Page this annotation must be used on all blank pages within an answer booklet (structured or unstructured) and on each page of an additional object where there is no candidate response. 4

9 11. Awarding Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar to scripts with a coversheet a. If a script has a scribe cover sheet it is vital to check which boxes are ticked and award as per the instructions and grid below: i. Assess the work for SPaG in accordance with the normal marking criteria. The initial assessment must be made as if the candidate had not used a scribe (or word processor) and was eligible for all the SPaG marks. ii. Check the cover sheet to see what has been dictated (or what facilities were disabled on the word processor) and therefore what proportion of marks is available to the candidate. iii. Convert the SPaG mark to reflect the correct proportion using the conversion table given below. SPaG mark awarded Mark if candidate eligible for one third (eg grammar only) Mark if candidate eligible for two thirds (eg grammar and punctuation only) b. If a script has a word processor cover sheet attached to it the candidate can still access SPaG marks (see point 1 above) unless the cover sheet states that the checking functionality is enabled, in which case no SPaG marks are available. c. If a script has a word processor cover sheet AND a scribe cover sheet attached to it, see point 1 above. d. If the script has a transcript, Oral Language Modifier, Sign Language Interpreter or a Practical Assistant cover sheet, award SPaG as normal. 5

10 Subject-specific Marking Instructions General points It is important to remember that we are rewarding candidates' attempts at grappling with challenging concepts and skills. Reward candidates for what they know, understand and can do. Be positive. Concentrate on what candidates can do, not on what they cannot do. [] mark questions are assessed via points based marking. For all other questions, your first task is to match the response to the appropriate level of response according to the generic levels of response given after the indicative content. Only when you have done this should you start to think about the mark to be awarded. Please note the bandings for Assessment Objectives are not dependent; there is no requirement for a response to be awarded in the same band for AO2 as has been awarded in. There are different ways of reaching a high level. Some candidates will go straight to the higher levels. Other candidates will gradually climb their way there by working their way through lower levels first. The mark scheme for each paper will list responses which a candidate might offer. The list will not be exhaustive; it does not provide correct answers, and where a candidate offers a response which is not listed, examiners will be expected to use their knowledge and discretion as to whether the response is valid. Examiners who are in any doubt should contact their Team Leader immediately. Specific points Do not transfer marks from one part of a question to another. All questions, and sub-questions, are marked separately. Mark what the candidate has written - do not assume that the candidate knows something unless they have written it. The levels of response start with one from the following list of flag words: Weak, Limited, Some, Adequate but under-developed, Good During the standardisation process, examples of work at each level will be used to define the meaning of these flag words for the examination. In particular the word good must not be interpreted as the best possible response. It will be what is judged to be good according to the generic levels of response, although better responses could be offered. 6

11 Remember that we are trying to achieve two things in the marking of the scripts: (i) (ii) to place all the candidates in the correct rank order to use the full range of marks available right up to the top of the range; Good means a good response from a GCSE candidate and can therefore be awarded the highest marks. This means that it is imperative you mark to the agreed standard. Written communication, Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar Written communication covers: clarity of expression, structure of arguments, presentation of ideas, grammar, vocabulary, punctuation and spelling. In the marking of these questions the quality of the candidate's written communication will be one factor (other factors include the relevance and amount of supporting detail) that influences whether an answer is placed at the bottom, the middle, or the top, of a level. The following points should be remembered: - answers are placed in the appropriate level according to the RS assessment objectives, i.e. no reference is made at this stage to the quality of the written communication; - the quality of Spelling, Punctuation and Grammar must never be used to move an answer from the mark band of one level to another; - accept any reasonable alternative spelling of transliterated words from non-roman alphabets in learners responses. SPaG is now assessed in e) part of the first question. Please refer to the grid overleaf when awarding the SPaG marks. The Regulator now requires GCSE Religious Studies to assess the quality of extended responses by candidates. Marks are not specifically given for this assessment however. This assessment takes place in e) part of the second question. The levels descriptors for these are embedded in the Levels of Response, specifically AO2, and are italicised for clarity. 7

12 Spelling, punctuation and grammar (SPaG) Assessment Grid High performance marks Learners spell and punctuate with consistent accuracy Learners use rules of grammar with effective control of meaning overall Learners use a wide range of specialist terms as appropriate Intermediate performance 2 marks Learners spell and punctuate with considerable accuracy Learners use rules of grammar with general control of meaning overall Learners use a good range of specialist terms as appropriate Threshold performance 1 mark Learners spell and punctuate with reasonable accuracy Learners use rules of grammar with some control of meaning and any errors do not significantly hinder overall Learners use a limited range of specialist terms as appropriate 0 marks The learner writes nothing The learner s response does not relate to the question The learner s achievement in SPaG does not reach the threshold performance level, for example errors in spelling, punctuation and grammar severely hinder meaning 8

13 INFORMATION AND INSTRUCTIONS - Practice scripts provide you with examples of the standard of each band. The marks awarded for these scripts will have been agreed by the Principal Examiners, Senior Team Leaders and Team Leaders and provide you with benchmark examples of the approach to marking. - The specific task-related indicative content for parts d) and e) of each question will help you to understand how the band descriptors may be applied. However; this indicative content is not an exhaustive list of correct responses: it is material that candidates might use, grouped according to each assessment objective tested by the question. This needs to be used in close conjunction with the relevant Levels of Response marking grid, which is positioned below the indicative content. The guidance column on the right of the mark scheme will provide further exemplification and support as to the interpretation of answers, where required. Assessment objectives (AO) AO2 Assessment Objectives Demonstrate knowledge and understanding of religion and belief including beliefs, practices and sources of authority influence on individuals, communities and societies similarities and differences within and/or between religions and their beliefs. Analyse and evaluate aspects of religion, including their significance and influence. 9

14 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance 1 (a) Give three reasons why a Christian couple might consider a divorce. 1 mark for each correct response to a Responses might include: maximum of marks. (b) Adultery / unfaithfulness Fallen out of love Irretrievable breakdown of relationship Abusive relationship Abandonment Difference of opinion about wanting to have children Partner unable to have children Different priorities, e.g. focus on career rather than marriage Financial problems causing strain on relationship Married too young. Outline different Christian attitudes towards cohabitation. Learners might consider some of the following: The majority of Christian denominations promote marriage rather than cohabitation, but attitudes are changing and vary between Churches. Learners might consider two or three main attitudes, but should explain the different reasoning behind them. The Roman Catholic Church insists that couples marry rather than simply live together and so is totally opposed to people cohabiting. Marriage is a sacrament and is God s way of blessing the union of a man and a woman therefore it is not sufficient to simply live together. In the story of Creation in the book of Genesis, and in St Mark s Gospel, marriage is shown to be the prime place for sex and the creation and nurturing of children. Sex outside of marriage is considered to be a serious sin and couples who sin in this way are not permitted to receive communion in church. The official teaching of most Protestant churches is that marriage, not cohabitation, is God s ideal. Biblical teaching on marriage stresses the importance of mutual love and commitment. However, some Protestant churches are more accepting of cohabitation, especially as a first step towards eventual marriage. They may think that what really matters is love and commitment rather than a legal or religious bond. They may believe it is more important to adapt to modern trends and 10 6 Response must address more than one attitude. Examiners should mark according to descriptors found on page 9. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question.

15 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance acknowledge that many couples are committed to each other but do not see the need for a marriage. They also welcome couples who may have been living together for a long time, had children and then want to marry. Other Christians, especially those who may be more liberal in their approach might say that there is nothing wrong with cohabitation, if that is what suits the couple. This is because marriage is no longer as relevant and the Church must change with the times. Bible teaching about marriage reflects the society of the time and is not necessarily right for our contemporary world. The Church does not have the right to insist that people marry and tell other people, especially non-christians to live by a set of outdated rules. People are free to choose, although they would encourage the creation of a committed partnership and a loving, stable home. 11

16 Level (Mark) (5-6) 2 (-4) 1 (1-2) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Good knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Good knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Good knowledge and understanding of the breadth and/or depth of the issues An adequate but under-developed demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Adequate understanding of the question shown by some use of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Adequate knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Adequate knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Adequate but underdeveloped knowledge and understanding of the breadth and/or depth of issues Limited/weak demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Limited understanding of the question shown by factual errors or generalised responses with little connection to the question Points may be listed and/or lacking in relevant detail related to the issues Weak knowledge understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Weak knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies No response or no response worthy of credit 12

17 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance (c) Explain how and why Christians might provide a religious upbringing for their children. 6 Examiners should mark according to You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. 2 and AO2 descriptors found on page 9. Learners might consider some of the following: 4 AO2 : Please refer to the Learners might describe the different ways in which Christian parents might approach upbringing. Level of Response They would want their home and family life to reflect their faith and for their children to grow up grid below when accepting the Christian faith themselves. Therefore they might pray as a family before meals or at marking this bedtime; celebrate religious festivals as a family; have Christian artefacts such as a crucifix or question. artwork in their home. It would be important for Christian parents to teach their children about the Bible, since it is regarded as God s Word, and how to read it in a way that was helpful and meaningful in their lives, so they might read Bible stories together; encourage the use of regular Bible reading notes. AO2: Learners might analyse the reasons different Christian parents might give for their approach to the religious upbringing of their children. If the parents are devout rather than nominal Christians it would be very important for them to bring their children up to know, love and follow God. For these Christians, following the teaching of the church would mean providing a religious upbringing. For some this would mean participating in the sacraments of baptism, confirmation and Holy Communion. The opportunity would also be given to ask questions and gain a good understanding of the faith so that they can make a considered choice for themselves when old enough. Christian parents might choose a faith school for their children so that their religious viewpoint would be affirmed rather than dismissed and they would be encouraged to live out their faith with others. They would want their children to be part of the Church family and so would involve them in the life of the local Church by regular Church attendance; Sunday School, Junior Church or Children s Liturgy; Youth Groups as they get older. Regular participation in worship would help it become a natural part of their lives, and to develop their faith as a Christian. Parents would also see it as important to teach Christian values, such as honesty and respect for others, and prepare the children for life in a society where secular values prevail, so that there would be less chance of them losing their faith once living independently. This would also include engendering a sense of family identity and the child s own value before God. 1

18 Level (Mark) 2 (2) 1 (1) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Some demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Some understanding of the question shown by limited religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Level (Mark) 4 (4) No response or no response worthy of credit 2 (2) () 1 (1) 0 (0) AO2 A good attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A variety of viewpoints explored with good use of reasoned argument and discussion Good analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on different Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and a balanced conclusion to the discussion An adequate but under-developed attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different viewpoints offered with some evidence of reasoned argument and/or discussion Adequate but underdeveloped analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and some conclusion to the discussion A limited attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different views may be stated but with little or no development Good analysis and/or evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Little evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus A weak attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A single viewpoint may be stated with little or no support or justification or views may be stated as a list Response may be simplistic, purely descriptive and/or very brief No attempt to offer judgement on the issue in the stimulus No response or no response worthy of credit 14

19 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance (d) It is better to marry than stay single. 15 Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. Learners might consider some of the following: Within some branches of the Church, e.g. Roman Catholic and Orthodox Churches, marriage is a sacrament and therefore a particular means of God s grace being imparted to the couple. People who do not marry cannot experience this. It is also seen as reflecting the relationship between Christ and the Church (the Bride of Christ) and therefore has special significance. For many people growing up, their hope is to find and marry a partner, settle down and have a good life together. Marriage provides a relationship through which husband and wife support each other in a relationship built on love and faithfulness, which continues into old age. People who have not found such a partner may be regarded as unlucky and lonely, even if this is not how they themselves feel about it. Of course, some people may feel trapped in a loveless or arranged marriage, and would prefer to revert to their single state. AO2 Learners might evaluate divergent attitudes towards marriage within Christian traditions. In the traditional Christian view marriage has generally been seen as the ideal and singleness the exception. It is regarded as a gift from God and part of his plan that men and women should live together in a bond of love. In Mark s Gospel Jesus emphasises the importance of marriage when he says, But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female. For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one flesh. Marriage can provide a secure environment for the bringing up of children and allows a couple to fulfil God s command to go forth and multiply. Some Churches regard marriage as the only place for sexual activity and procreation, therefore marriage is preferable if you wish to be able to do both of AO2 SPaG () Examiners should mark according to and AO2 descriptors found on page 9. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question. Please refer to the SPaG response grid on page 8.

20 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance these things. St Paul says that it is better to marry than to burn with lust, affirming the Church s belief that sex should only be within marriage. Single people should therefore be celibate, which may not be what they want. Many non-christians would argue that sex and children are not restricted to marriage. However, Biblical teaching about singleness is often overlooked. Paul also talks about his single state as being a good gift from God. He is speaking in the context of the Church s belief that it was living in the end times and that marriage would soon become irrelevant, but nevertheless it shows his belief that marriage is not necessarily God s will for everyone. A married couple might be able to serve God together, in their home and family life, but a single person like Paul would not have to worry about the extra problems and stresses that come with marriage and/or family. He devoted his entire life to spreading the Word of God and would not have been such a useful messenger if he had been married. This is shown in some Churches where priests remain unmarried and celibate so that they can concentrate on the privilege of serving God more fully. Single people can give time and energy to Church activities at home and abroad and support couples who may struggle with the demands of work and family life. A minority choose to live in community, where some may be regarded as married to God. In addition, some people may prefer the option of remaining single, with the greater level of independence it can give. They may object to the notion that they should be defined by a marriage relationship. They can focus more easily on their career and interests and can still have meaningful relationships, even if they do not lead to something permanent like marriage. They can also adopt children or go down the IVF route and have the joy of a family of their own if they so choose, or enjoy the role of aunt or uncle to relatives children. 16

21 Level (Mark) () 2 (2) 1 (1) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Good knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Good knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies An adequate but under-developed demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Adequate understanding of the question shown by some use of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Adequate knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Adequate knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Limited/weak demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Limited understanding of the question shown by factual errors or generalised responses with little connection to the question Points may be listed and/or lacking in relevant detail related to the issues Weak knowledge understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Weak knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Level (Mark) 4 (10-12) (7-9) 2 (4-6) 1 (1-) No response or no response worthy of credit 0 (0) AO2 A good attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A variety of viewpoints explored with good use of reasoned argument and discussion Good analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on different Christian groups Evidence of critical evaluation including comment on, and comparison of, arguments from different Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and a balanced conclusion to the discussion An adequate but under-developed attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different viewpoints offered with some evidence of reasoned argument and/or discussion Adequate but underdeveloped analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Evidence of comment on, and comparison of, arguments Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and some conclusion to the discussion A limited attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different views may be stated but with little or no development Good analysis and/or evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Response may contain some inaccuracies or misunderstanding of the issue in the stimulus Little evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus A weak attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A single viewpoint may be stated with little or no support or justification or views may be stated as a list Response may be simplistic, purely descriptive and/or very brief No attempt to offer judgement on the issue in the stimulus No response or no response worthy of credit 17

22 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance 2 (a) Give three different types of religious experience. 1 mark for each correct response to a Responses might include: maximum of marks. (b) Visions (which can happen when a person is awake or in a dream) Hearing the voice of God Numinous Conversion Charismatic experience Experience through worship Experience through prayer Holy Spirit speaking Conscience Witnessing or hearing about miracles Through the wonder of the natural world Through icons Outline the philosophical argument from design for the existence of God. Teleological Argument / Argument from design or Purpose An a posteriori argument based on the observation of order and design in the world. Various versions of this argument exist, put forward by, among others, Hume and Paley, cf. the Divine Watchmaker. Observation of the natural world reveals an order and complexity that can only have been achieved through the work of an intelligent being, God. Our world has been designed with a purpose (telos) in mind. 6 Examiners should mark according to descriptors found on page 9. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question. 18

23 Level (Mark) (5-6) 2 (-4) 1 (1-2) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Good knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Good knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Good knowledge and understanding of the breadth and/or depth of the issues An adequate but under-developed demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Adequate understanding of the question shown by some use of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Adequate knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Adequate knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Adequate but underdeveloped knowledge and understanding of the breadth and/or depth of issues Limited/weak demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Limited understanding of the question shown by factual errors or generalised responses with little connection to the question Points may be listed and/or lacking in relevant detail related to the issues Weak knowledge understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Weak knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies No response or no response worthy of credit 19

24 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance (c) Explain why religious experiences are important to some Christians. 6 Examiners should mark according to You should refer to sources of wisdom and authority in your answer. 2 and AO2 descriptors found on page 9. Learners might consider some of the following: 4 AO2 : Learners might describe what is meant by religious experience and make reference to examples within the Christian tradition. They might make reference to individual religious experience or corporate religious experience. AO2: Learners might analyse and evaluate the significance of religious experiences for different Christians. Some people would say they have a religious experience each time they pray or worship and that this is important because it builds their relationship with God. An experience such as a vision can make a personal connection with God which can confirm or deepen faith in a special way. Experiencing a miraculous event can confirm or initiate faith. Some experiences can have a profound impact on a person, perhaps producing a conversion to Christianity, e.g. St Paul on the Damascus Road, or leading to a change of life direction and behaviour. They can reveal something about God and provide an argument for God s existence. They are an experience of the spiritual and transcendent. Learners might suggest that they are important as some religious experiences can produce a feeling of communion, transformation or awakening, bringing faith alive, e.g. St Teresa of Avila who dedicated her life to God after feeling herself to be in the presence of the numinous. Places like Lourdes where religious experiences are believed to have happened can draw believers together and encourage hope and faith amongst those who have not themselves had a religious experience. If a healing occurs during or as the result of a religious experience then this could be a tangible answer to prayer and a witness to God s power. Some Christians would be very cautious about accepting an experience as real. They believe that genuine religious experiences are important but rare. They would criticize some branches of the Church for seeking out experiences and signs and wonders and not God himself. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question. 20

25 Level (Mark) 2 (2) 1 (1) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Some demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Some understanding of the question shown by limited religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Level (Mark) 4 (4) No response or no response worthy of credit 2 (2) () 1 (1) 0 (0) AO2 A good attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A variety of viewpoints explored with good use of reasoned argument and discussion Good analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on different Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and a balanced conclusion to the discussion An adequate but under-developed attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different viewpoints offered with some evidence of reasoned argument and/or discussion Adequate but underdeveloped analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and some conclusion to the discussion A limited attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different views may be stated but with little or no development Good analysis and/or evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Little evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus A weak attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A single viewpoint may be stated with little or no support or justification or views may be stated as a list Response may be simplistic, purely descriptive and/or very brief No attempt to offer judgement on the issue in the stimulus No response or no response worthy of credit 21

26 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance (d) God is not interested in human beings. 15 Discuss this statement. In your answer, you should: Draw on your learning from across your course of study, including reference to beliefs, teachings and practices within Christianity Explain and evaluate the importance of points of view from the perspective of Christianity. Learners might consider some of the following: : Learners might demonstrate their knowledge and understanding of the issue, making reference to examples of evidence which Christians might draw upon and use throughout the discussion. Christians would point to several other things which show that God does have interest in humans. Chief among these is the belief that God sent his son to die for mankind, to restore the relationship with him. This is shown in verses such as John :16. He is also interested in the way in which human live their lives, speaking through the prophets to reprimand unjust or unmerciful behaviour. AO2: Learners might evaluate arguments and points of view about the stimulus such as: Some Christians would disagree, arguing that Christianity is based on the belief that God is interested in human beings whom he loves. Christians teach that God created humans in his own image and that humans were created to have a relationship with him. Some of the Psalms speaks of God s knowledge and concern for humans even before they are born, with a plan in mind for their lives. They would also point to Jesus words and actions, where he showed concern for the people he met, especially those who were needy or disadvantaged in some way. They might also point to the intervention of God in the world through the ongoing work of the Holy Spirit, through miracles, e.g. at Lourdes, through answered prayer and through the Church, his body here on earth. Each of these ideas might be challenged on grounds of lack of clear evidence. The idea that God shows his concern for human beings by acting through history to deal with the AO2 SPaG () Examiners should mark according to and AO2 descriptors found on page 9. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question. Please refer to the SPaG response grid on page 8.

27 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance woes of his people is shown in the Book of Exodus. However, the question could be asked as to why he has not intervened in every situation of oppression or injustice, if he is so concerned for human welfare. This leads to other points which support the view that he is not interested. Learners might discuss the Problem of Evil - if God is concerned for human beings then why does he allow evil and suffering to affect our lives? Why do innocent children die of incurable illnesses? Perhaps he is only interested in certain people for instance the Jews with whom he made a special covenant; this did not lead to his intervening to prevent the Holocaust, however. Learners may consider or compare theist versus deist philosophies, in that theism regards God as transcendent but choosing to be actively involved with his world, answering prayer, etc. whilst deism sees God as a completely separate, impersonal entity, removed from the world he has created. Perhaps God is interested in us, in the same way as a scientist might be interested to see an experiment unfolding, but without intervention. Others might suggest that the question is irrelevant, since God does not exist and therefore cannot take an interest in anything. If it helps us to believe in a God who is interested in us, then that is a good thing. 2

28 Level (Mark) () 2 (2) 1 (1) 0 (0) A good demonstration of knowledge and understanding in response to the question: Good understanding of the question shown by appropriate selection of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with detail and/or developed explanation Good knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Good knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies An adequate but under-developed demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Adequate understanding of the question shown by some use of religious knowledge Selection of appropriate sources of wisdom and authority with superficial explanation and/or description Adequate knowledge and understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Adequate knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Limited/weak demonstration of knowledge and/or understanding in response to the question: Limited understanding of the question shown by factual errors or generalised responses with little connection to the question Points may be listed and/or lacking in relevant detail related to the issues Weak knowledge understanding of different viewpoints within Christianity Weak knowledge and understanding of the influence on individuals, communities and societies Level (Mark) 4 (10-12) (7-9) 2 (4-6) 1 (1-) No response or no response worthy of credit 0 (0) AO2 A good attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A variety of viewpoints explored with good use of reasoned argument and discussion Good analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on different Christian groups Evidence of critical evaluation including comment on, and comparison of, arguments from different Christian groups Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and a balanced conclusion to the discussion An adequate but under-developed attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different viewpoints offered with some evidence of reasoned argument and/or discussion Adequate but underdeveloped analysis and evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Evidence of comment on, and comparison of, arguments Evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus and some conclusion to the discussion A limited attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: Different views may be stated but with little or no development Good analysis and/or evaluation of the significance and/or influence of the issue on some Christian groups Response may contain some inaccuracies or misunderstanding of the issue in the stimulus Little evidence of judgement on the issue in the stimulus A weak attempt to respond to the stimulus, demonstrating some or all of the following: A single viewpoint may be stated with little or no support or justification or views may be stated as a list Response may be simplistic, purely descriptive and/or very brief No attempt to offer judgement on the issue in the stimulus No response or no response worthy of credit 24

29 Question Indicative content Marks Guidance (a) State three ways Christians might resolve conflict. 1 mark for each correct response to a Responses might include: maximum of marks. (b) Conversation / discussion between the two parties Preaching / campaigning to promote peace, mercy and justice Using social media to campaign and change public awareness of issue Negotiating a compromise Mediation, with a third party involved Diplomacy Apology Helping the two parties to see the issue from the other s point of view Peaceful protest, e.g. bus boycott Demonstrations or marches Democratic process Pray Reading the teachings of Jesus Follow the example of Jesus Describe Christian teachings about going to war. Learners might include some of the following: Christian teaching could be used to support opposing views on war. Some Christians are pacifists while others believe that although war is to be avoided if at all possible, it is sometimes the best course of action. The Just War theory as popularised by Aquinas is used by many Christians, so a Christian might believe that some wars are justified if the conditions for a Just War have been met. Learners might describe some or all of the conditions of a Just War: Legitimate Authority, Just Cause, Likelihood of Success, Last Resort, Intent to bring Good, Proportionality and Discrimination. Where a country has been invaded and is unable to defend itself, or where the Christian s own country has been invaded Christians might feel that a war is justified. Specific examples may be cited. 6 Can relate to conflict between individuals, groups or countries. Examiners should mark according to descriptors found on page 9. Please refer to the Level of Response grid below when marking this question. 25

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