7) A clastic sedimentary rock composed of rounded to subrounded gravel is called a A) coal. B) shale. C) breccia.

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "7) A clastic sedimentary rock composed of rounded to subrounded gravel is called a A) coal. B) shale. C) breccia."

Transcription

1 Please read chapters 10 and 5 CHAPTER 5 Sedimentary Rocks 1) Sedimentary rocks A) form by compaction and cementation of loose sediment. B) are widespread on the continents and ocean floor. C) are common on the stable platforms of all continents. D) may be found in folded layers in mountain belts. E) all of the above Answer: E 2) The mineral calcite (CaCO3) is the major constituent of A) limestone. B) dolomite. C) shale. D) coal. E) sandstone. 3) The major constituent of most sandstone is A) quartz. B) feldspar. C) olivine. D) garnet. E) calcite. 4) Which of the following is the most abundant nonclastic rock (deposited by chemical or organic means)? A) marine limestone B) rock salt C) dolostone D) gypsum E) dripstone 5) Which of the following is the most common clastic rock? A) pebble-sized conglomerate B) gypsum C) shale D) cobble-sized conglomerate E) sandstone 6) Which of the following rock types is NOT considered to be clastic? A) rock salt B) conglomerate C) siltstone D) sandstone E) shale 7) A clastic sedimentary rock composed of rounded to subrounded gravel is called a A) coal. B) shale. C) breccia.

2 D) conglomerate. E) sandstone. Answer: D 8) Transportation and deposition of sediment by turbidity currents is commonly indicated by A) mud cracks. B) cross-bedding. C) graded bedding. D) ripple marks. E) horizontal laminae. 9) Which of the following are good indicators of ancient current direction? A) mud cracks B) graded bedding C) degree of sorting D) cross-bedding E) all of the above Answer: D 10) A sequence of rocks produced by a single regression (retreat) of the sea would be (from lowest to highest) A) shale-limestone-sandstone. B) sandstone-limestone-shale. C) limestone-shale-sandstone. D) shale-sandstone-limestone. E) sandstone-shale-limestone. 11) Cross-bedding is commonly found in A) coal. B) shale. C) sandstone. D) rock gypsum. E) rock salt. 12) In graded bedding, the size (diameter) of the sediment particles in a single layer A) is uniform from top to bottom. B) ranges from coarsest at the top to finest at the bottom. C) ranges from coarsest at the bottom to finest at the top. D) ranges from fine to coarse to fine in a vertical sequence. E) none of the above 13) The proper interpretation of a vertical sequence of rock consisting of sandstone at the base, overlain by shale and then limestone, would be A) a regression of the sea. B) a change from glacial to fluvial environments. C) a transgression of the sea. D) an alluvial fan overlain by fluvial sediments. E) a cycle of transgression and regression of the sea. 14) Alternating layers of coal, shale, and sandstone would have been deposited in which of the following environments? A) lagoon

3 B) alluvial fan C) tidal flat D) beach E) shallow marine 15) Fossil remains of ancient organisms are most commonly found in A) basalt. B) granite. C) metamorphic rocks. D) gypsum. E) sedimentary rocks. Answer: E 16) Most clastic sedimentary rocks are consolidated by the process of A) recrystallization. B) heating and annealing of grains. C) cementation. D) metamorphism. E) deposition. 17) The separation of detrital grains according to size is called A) sorting. B) graduating. C) desiccation. D) collimating. E) none of the above 18) Which of the following rock types forms from solid pieces of other, older rocks? A) sandstone B) granite C) chert D) rock gypsum E) rock salt 19) A limestone with numerous fossil corals, fossil sponges, and other fossils, little or no stratification, an absence of cross-bedding and ripple marks. In which environment was this limestone formed? A) an organic reef B) the deep ocean C) a beach D) a delta E) a tidal flat CHAPTER 10 Weathering 1) After a granite has weathered and most of the igneous minerals have been altered to other minerals which igneous mineral will probably NOT have been affected? A) potassium feldspar B) mica C) amphibole D) quartz E) plagioclase feldspar

4 Answer: D 2) The iron minerals hematite and limonite result from the chemical weathering of iron-rich minerals by the process of A) oxidation. B) dissolution. C) electrolysis. D) exsolution. E) exfoliation. 3) Which of the following common rocks would be most susceptible to chemical weathering? A) sandstone B) slate C) granite D) shale E) limestone Answer: E 4) Chemical weathering would progress most rapidly in A) the Rocky Mountains of Colorado, western USA. B) northern South America, i.e. the Amazon River Basin C) New Mexico, southern USA. D) the Great Lakes, northern USA. E) Greenland. 6) Ice wedging is important in preparing rocks for chemical weathering because it A) resists in downslope movements. B) produces swelling as certain minerals are altered to clay. C) enlarges fractures and cracks, thereby increasing the surface area of the rock. D) reduces the rock to its constituent minerals. E) all of the above 7) Ice wedging would be most effective in A) the permafrost areas of the north. B) areas where freezing and thawing occur many times a year. C) areas where it is cold enough to produce long periods below 0 degrees celsius. D) areas beneath the glaciers in Antarctica and Greenland. E) latitudes where strong heating occurs. 8) Which of the following changes takes place during the chemical weathering of granite? A) feldspar increases and clay decreases B) clay increases and feldspar decreases C) clay decreases and iron oxide increases D) quartz and plagioclase decrease and K-feldspar increases E) clay increases and feldspar increases 9) Which of the following minerals is most resistant to chemical weathering? A) plagioclase B) quartz C) olivine D) calcite

5 E) hornblende 10) Which of the following common rock-forming minerals weathers to form most of the clay found in soils and regolith? A) calcite B) feldspar C) quartz D) halite E) mica 11) Joints aid in chemical weathering by A) expanding the rock. B) providing passageways for water and gases. C) increasing the surface area exposed to weathering agents. D) all of the above E) only B and C 13) The general term for the blanket of loose rock debris that covers large areas of Earth's surface is A) bedrock. B) regolith. C) outcrop. D) lithic layer. E) laterite. 15) A talus accumulation consists largely of A) coarse, angular rock fragments. B) soil. C) a mixture of silt and ice. D) alternate layers of clay and sand. E) clay rich in colloids. 16) Physical weathering would progress most rapidly in A) the Rocky Mountains of Colorado. B) northern South America, i.e. the Amazon River Basin C) North Africa. D) the Caribbean Islands. E) Greenland. 17) Which of the following is NOT a type of physical weathering? A) conversion of feldspar minerals to clay and soluble material B) unloading C) frost action D) splitting by tree roots E) none of the above 18) When granite weathers its quartz grains A) dissolve completely. B) remain essentially unaltered. C) alter into clays.

6 D) are replaced with silica. E) react with water to form soil. 19) During weathering, the original minerals can be destroyed, and new minerals formed that are stable at Earth's surface. A) chemical B) physical 20) Which of the following minerals is most stable at Earth's surface? A) plagioclase feldspar B) augite, a pyroxene C) hematite (a chemical formula Fe2O3) D) olivine (chemical formula Mg2SiO4) 22) The products of ice wedging often accumulate at the bases of cliffs to form piles of angular rock fragments called A) talus. B) a soil profile. C) bedrock. D) exfoliation domes. 26) Which rock type, limestone, granite, or basalt, would weather to form the most clay? Which would be most susceptible to oxidation? Answer: Granite would weather to form the most clay because it has the highest abundance of the parent mineral (feldspar) for the clay. would be the most susceptible to change by oxidation, because it has the highest concentration of iron--the main component that is affected by oxidation in rocks. 27) Which rock types are most susceptible to chemical weathering? arbonates, gypsum, and rock salt are most susceptible to chemical weathering. Among the silicates, rocks with olivine and feldspar weather more readily than others.

Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 8, 2007

Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 8, 2007 1 Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 8, 2007 Matching: what type of rocks or sediments would you most likely find in each of the following environments? Use each answer only once. Matching: write

More information

Sedimentary Rocks Earth - Chapter Pearson Education, Inc.

Sedimentary Rocks Earth - Chapter Pearson Education, Inc. Sedimentary Rocks Earth - Chapter 7 What Is a Sedimentary Rock? Sedimentary rocks are products of mechanical and chemical weathering. They comprise about 5% (by volume) of Earth s outer 10 miles. Contain

More information

Sedimentary rocks are formed on the Earth s surface by the hydrologic system.

Sedimentary rocks are formed on the Earth s surface by the hydrologic system. Sedimentary Rock Notes Sedimentary rocks are formed on the Earth s surface by the hydrologic system. Formation involves: 1) Weathering of preexisting rock 2) Transportation to a new site 3) Deposition

More information

Earth Materials: Sedimentary Rocks

Earth Materials: Sedimentary Rocks 1 2 Earth Materials: Sedimentary Rocks What we can learn from sedimentary rocks Types of sediment Classification of sedimentary rocks Sedimentary processes: weathering, erosion, transport, deposition,

More information

3. Identify textural characteristics of sediments. 4. Contrast the basic groups of sedimentary rocks.

3. Identify textural characteristics of sediments. 4. Contrast the basic groups of sedimentary rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Objectives: 1. Explain the formation of sedimentary rocks in terms of the rock cycle. 2. Identify various environments of deposition of sediments. 3. Identify textural characteristics

More information

Lab 8: Sedimentary Rock Identification

Lab 8: Sedimentary Rock Identification Name: Lab 8: Sedimentary Rock Identification Clastic Sedimentary Rocks Clastic sediments are made of particles of mineral or rock, known as clasts, that have been weathered from preexisting rock and transported

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Conglomerate 9/10/2009. Processes Sedimentary Rock Formation. Processes Sedimentary Rock Formation

Sedimentary Rocks. Conglomerate 9/10/2009. Processes Sedimentary Rock Formation. Processes Sedimentary Rock Formation Sedimentary Rocks Importance of Study: Most form on the continents, and therefore contain important clues to the history of the continents and Earth s climate Contain important clues to the history of

More information

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Earth 9 th edition, Chapter 7 Geology 100 Key Concepts Formation of sedimentary rocks: Diagenesis and lithification of sediment... Further classification

More information

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rocks: summary in haiku form Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Earth, Chapter 7 Lithification - glue particles together. Was sand, now sandstone. What is a sedimentary rock? Products of mechanical

More information

Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 5, 2009

Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 5, 2009 1 Geology 200, Questions for Test 2, November 5, 2009 Matching: what type of rocks or sediments would you most likely find in each of the following environments? Use each answer only once. Matching: write

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) According to the Earth Science Reference Tables, which sedimentary rock would be formed by the compaction and cementation of particles 1.5 centimeters in diameter? A) shale B) conglomerate C)

More information

Earth Systems 3209: Unit 3-4 Review

Earth Systems 3209: Unit 3-4 Review Class: Date: Earth Systems 3209: Unit 3-4 Review Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. Z is a volcano fed from a magma chamber nearby location

More information

Weathering: the decay of rocks. sedimentary rocks. Geology for Environmental Scientists

Weathering: the decay of rocks. sedimentary rocks. Geology for Environmental Scientists Weathering: the decay of rocks and the source of sediments in sedimentary rocks Geology 200 Geology for Environmental Scientists Physical Weathering Ice Wedging (Geo-wedgies!) - the most effective form

More information

Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate

Rocks & Minerals. 10. Which rock type is most likely to be monomineralic? 1) rock salt 3) basalt 2) rhyolite 4) conglomerate 1. Of the Earth's more than 2,000 identified minerals, only a small number are commonly found in rocks. This fact indicates that most 1) minerals weather before they can be identified 2) minerals have

More information

3) Disintegration *Breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by critters, plants, etc.

3) Disintegration *Breakdown of rock into smaller pieces by critters, plants, etc. Weathering: The Breakdown of Rocks Mechanical Weathering: Breaks rocks into smaller particles Chemical Weathering: Alters rock by chemical reactions Mechanical Weathering 1) Ice Wedging *Results from 9%

More information

Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks

Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks Characteristics of Sedimentary Rocks Deposited at the earth s surface by wind, water, glacier ice, or biochemical processes Typically deposited in strata (layers) under cool surface conditions. This is

More information

Lab 2: Sedimentary Environments, Rocks, and Structures

Lab 2: Sedimentary Environments, Rocks, and Structures Lab 2: Sedimentary Environments, Rocks, and Structures Sedimentary rocks account for a negligibly small fraction of Earth s mass, yet they are commonly encountered because the processes that form them

More information

The Nature of Sedimentary Rocks

The Nature of Sedimentary Rocks The Nature of Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary rocks are composed of: Fragments of other rocks Chemical precipitates Organic matter or biochemically produced materials The Nature of Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary

More information

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER 7

Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER 7 Lecture 5 October 18, 20, 23 October 19, 24 Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER 7 This is only an outline of the lecture. You will need to go to class to fill in the outline, although much of the relevant

More information

LAB 5: SEDIMENTARY ROCKS

LAB 5: SEDIMENTARY ROCKS GEOLOGY 640: Geology through Global Arts and Artifacts LAB 5: SEDIMENTARY ROCKS CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Clastic sedimentary rocks are composed of grains that have been weathered from pre-existing rocks.

More information

Rock Identification Booklet

Rock Identification Booklet Rock Identification Booklet Do not write in booklet Return at end of class A rock is a combination of two or more minerals. Common minerals found in rock: Silicate minerals usually light colored 1. Quartz

More information

1 Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER. Chapter 1. Sedimentary Rocks. Lesson Objectives

1 Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER.  Chapter 1. Sedimentary Rocks. Lesson Objectives www.ck12.org Chapter 1. Sedimentary Rocks CHAPTER 1 Sedimentary Rocks Lesson Objectives Describe how sedimentary rocks form. Describe the properties of some common sedimentary rocks. Relate some common

More information

FROM SEDIMENT INTO SEDIMENTARY ROCK. Objectives. Sediments and Sedimentation

FROM SEDIMENT INTO SEDIMENTARY ROCK. Objectives. Sediments and Sedimentation FROM SEDIMENT INTO SEDIMENTARY ROCK Objectives Identify three types of sediments. Explain where and how chemical and biogenic sediments form. Explain three processes that lead to the lithification of sediments.

More information

VI. Sedimentary rocks

VI. Sedimentary rocks I. Minerals: the building blocks of rocks A. Definition of mineral 1.Naturally occurring 2.Inorganic 3.Solid 4.Possess an orderly internal structure of atoms 5.Have a definite chemical composition B. Rocks

More information

Intermediate Glossary

Intermediate Glossary Intermediate Glossary (Disclaimer - some rocks have more than one chemical formula we are presenting only one for each rock sample) Abrasion - The grinding and scraping of a rock surface by the friction

More information

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS BEGIN

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS BEGIN SEDIMENTARY ROCKS BEGIN WHAT IS A SEDIMENTARY ROCK? A sedimentary rock is a rock that formed from the compaction and cementation of sediments. BUT, WHAT IS A SEDIMENT? Sediments are fragments of rock that

More information

Sediment: an accumulation of loose mineral grains or

Sediment: an accumulation of loose mineral grains or 07_00.jpg Sediment: : an accumulation of loose mineral grains or very small fragments of rocks, such as boulders, pebbles, sand, silt, or mud, that are not cemented together. Sedimentary rocks: : rock

More information

All sediments have a source or provenance, a place or number of places of origin where they were produced.

All sediments have a source or provenance, a place or number of places of origin where they were produced. Sedimentary Rocks, Processes, and Environments Sediments are loose grains and chemical residues of earth materials, which include things such as rock fragments, mineral grains, part of plants or animals,

More information

Name: Period: 2. The diagram below represents top and side views of a model of the silicate tetrahedron.

Name: Period: 2. The diagram below represents top and side views of a model of the silicate tetrahedron. Name: Period: 1. Although diamonds and graphite both consist of the element carbon, their physical properties are very different. The most likely explanation for these differences is that (1) the internal

More information

Sedimentary Rocks Lab

Sedimentary Rocks Lab Geoscience 190 Environmental Geoscience Sedimentary Rocks Lab Although sedimentary rocks are estimated to make up only about 5% of the volume of the earth s crust, sediments and sedimentary rocks cover

More information

San Juan River, UT. Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. San Juan River, UT. Particle Sizes. Size Sorting. Solidified Weathering Products

San Juan River, UT. Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks. San Juan River, UT. Particle Sizes. Size Sorting. Solidified Weathering Products San Juan River, UT Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Solidified Weathering Products San Juan River, UT Size Sorting Particle Sizes The different minerals that form as weathering products have different characteristic

More information

Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE

Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer Provide specific and detailed

More information

Sedimentary Rocks and Sedimentary Basins

Sedimentary Rocks and Sedimentary Basins Sedimentary Rocks and Sedimentary Basins Reading Stanley, S.M., 2015, Sedimentary Environments, Ch. 5. Earth Systems History On Ecampus Sedimentary Rocks Intro Origin of sedimentary rocks Clastic Rocks

More information

Sedimentary Rocks - Laboratory 5 BACKGROUND

Sedimentary Rocks - Laboratory 5 BACKGROUND (name) Sedimentary Rocks - Laboratory 5 BACKGROUND Sedimentary rocks or their unconsolidated equivalents are composed of sediment, but what is sediment? Sediment is solid particles that originate from

More information

Sedimentary Rocks Practice Questions and Answers Revised September 2007

Sedimentary Rocks Practice Questions and Answers Revised September 2007 Sedimentary Rocks Practice Questions and Answers Revised September 2007 1. Clastic sedimentary rocks are composed of and derived from pre-existing material. 2. What is physical weathering? 3. What is chemical

More information

Ch. 6: Sedimentary Rocks

Ch. 6: Sedimentary Rocks Ch. 6: Sedimentary Rocks Chapter Summary Sedimentary rock consists of sediment that, in most cases, has been lithified into solid rock by the processes of compaction and cementation. Sediment has two principal

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth, but because most of them exist below the surface you might not have seen

More information

A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter

A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Adapted from Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks

More information

GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8. Sedimentary Rocks

GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8. Sedimentary Rocks GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8 CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary Rock = Rock that forms by the accumulation and lithification (hardening) of sediment (loose grains). Importance of Sedimentary

More information

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 1: Introduction to Rocks and Sedimentary Processes

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 1: Introduction to Rocks and Sedimentary Processes Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs LAB 1: Introduction to Rocks and Sedimentary Processes The purpose of this lab is to introduce you to the three major types of rocks, and the type in which you would expect to

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth, but because most of them exist below the surface you might not have seen

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks.

Sedimentary Rocks. Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Rocks made of bits & pieces of other rocks. Sedimentary Rocks Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth, but because most of them exist below the surface you might not have seen

More information

1. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below represents a part of the crystal structure of the mineral kaolinite.

1. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below represents a part of the crystal structure of the mineral kaolinite. 1. Base your answer to the following question on The diagram below represents a part of the crystal structure of the mineral kaolinite. An arrangement of atoms such as the one shown in the diagram determines

More information

UNLV GEOL101 Lecture Outline Fall Week 9/26/11

UNLV GEOL101 Lecture Outline Fall Week 9/26/11 Week 9/26/11 I. Sedimentary Rocks A. definition 1. rocks formed from the weathered products of other rocks a) compacted fragments (clastic rocks) b) chemical precipitates 2. rocks formed from compacted

More information

Lab 11: SEDIMENTARY ROCK IDENTIFICATION

Lab 11: SEDIMENTARY ROCK IDENTIFICATION Lab 11: Sed. Rock ID Lab 11: SEDIMENTARY ROCK IDENTIFICATION 100 PTS Introduction Sedimentary rocks are derived either from pre-existing rocks through mechanical or chemical breakdown, or are composed

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton

Sedimentary Rocks. Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton Sedimentary Rocks Find and take out 11B-15B and #1 From Egg Carton Erosion Erosion is a natural process where rocks and soil are Broken and Moved We will focus on 4 types of erosion; Wind, Rain, Ice and

More information

8 th Earth Science Chapter 4 Rocks Name Section 1 The Rock Cycle:

8 th Earth Science Chapter 4 Rocks Name Section 1 The Rock Cycle: 8 th Earth Science Chapter 4 Rocks Name Section 1 The Rock Cycle: Most rock used for building stone contains one or more common minerals, called rock-forming minerals, such as quartz, feldspar, mica, or

More information

Sedimentary Rocks Most Sedimentary Rocks: Sediments are eroded from rocks, perhaps transported, deposited, then compacted and lithified (hardened and

Sedimentary Rocks Most Sedimentary Rocks: Sediments are eroded from rocks, perhaps transported, deposited, then compacted and lithified (hardened and Sedimentary Rocks Most Sedimentary Rocks: Sediments are eroded from rocks, perhaps transported, deposited, then compacted and lithified (hardened and turned into a sedimentary rock). A Sedimentary Rock

More information

Particle size is used to distinguish among the various types of detrital rocks

Particle size is used to distinguish among the various types of detrital rocks 1 Sedimentary rock Rock formed by evaporation or by the accumulation and consolidation of sediments 2 Sed rocks account for about 5 % of Earth s outer 10 miles 3 "Sediments" may include: Rock fragments

More information

Exercise 1 Rock Review

Exercise 1 Rock Review Exercise 1 Rock Review The purpose of this lab exercise is to help refresh your memory of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rock types. Rocks are the physical record of past events in Earth s history.

More information

Sedimentary Rocks 4.4

Sedimentary Rocks 4.4 Sedimentary Rocks 4.4 Origin of Sedimentary Rocks a. Most of the rocks below Earth s surface are igneous rocks b. Igneous rocks are the most common rocks on Earth c. 75% of the rocks at Earth s surface

More information

GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8. Sedimentary Rocks

GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8. Sedimentary Rocks GEOLOGY 333 LAB 8 CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Sedimentary Rocks Sedimentary Rock = Rock that forms by the accumulation and lithification (hardening) of sediment (loose grains). Importance of Sedimentary

More information

Answer the questions below.

Answer the questions below. NAME 1. Which mineral is the major component of drywall? 1) talc 2) calcite 3) muscovite mica 4) selenite gypsum 2. Base your answer to the following question on the diagram below. The arrows show the

More information

Sedimentary Rocks. Say Thanks to the Authors Click (No sign in required)

Sedimentary Rocks. Say Thanks to the Authors Click  (No sign in required) Sedimentary Rocks Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other interactive content, visit www.ck12.org

More information

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle

Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Unit 4: The Rock Cycle Objective: E 3.1c Explain how the size and shape of grains in a sedimentary rock indicate the environment of formation (including climate) and deposition. E 3.1d Explain how the

More information

Rock Review. 5. Which type of rock is represented by the map symbol below?

Rock Review. 5. Which type of rock is represented by the map symbol below? Rock Review Name 1. Most rocks that form from fragmental rock particles are classified as 1) extrusive igneous 2) intrusive igneous 3) clastic sedimentary 4) chemical sedimentary 2. A student classified

More information

Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rock Study Guide

Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rock Study Guide Class: Date: Sedimentary and Metamorphic Rock Study Guide Modified True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the sentence

More information

1. Gravel-size 2. Sand-size 3. Silt-size 4. Clay-size 5. Microcrystalline 6. Macrocrystalline

1. Gravel-size 2. Sand-size 3. Silt-size 4. Clay-size 5. Microcrystalline 6. Macrocrystalline Name: GEOL 101 - Physical Geology Laboratory SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Grade: PRELAB SECTION To be completed before labs starts: I. Introduction & Purpose: The purpose of this laboratory exercise is to become

More information

Any Questions? Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary Rock. Rock Cycle

Any Questions? Sedimentary Rocks. Sedimentary Rock. Rock Cycle Any Questions? 1 Sedimentary Rocks 2 Rock Cycle 3 Sedimentary Rock Sedimentary rock is formed from either cemented preexisting particles or from minerals that precipitate at surface pressure and temperatures.

More information

Rock and Roll. A cool trip around the rock cycle

Rock and Roll. A cool trip around the rock cycle Rock and Roll A cool trip around the rock cycle There Atoms is a hierarchy make up elements. to the elements of Geology Elements combine to form the natural compounds.. Natural compounds and elements combine

More information

Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth

Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Rocks: Materials of the Solid Earth Presentation modified from: Instructor Resource Center on CD-ROM, Foundations of Earth Science, 4 th Edition, Lutgens/Tarbuck, Rock Cycle Shows the interrelationships

More information

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS. A. : The collective name for loose, solid particles that originate from:

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS. A. : The collective name for loose, solid particles that originate from: SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Sedimentary rocks are rocks that have formed from (1) lithification of any type of sediment, (2) precipitation from solution, or (3) consolidation of the remains of plants and animals.

More information

Coarsening upward: the grain sizes become coarser from bottom to top. This is sometimes called reverse grading.

Coarsening upward: the grain sizes become coarser from bottom to top. This is sometimes called reverse grading. From Sand to Stone: How do we recognize and interpret sedimentary rocks in the rock record? (Based closely on the University of Washington ESS 101 Lab 5: Sedimentary Rocks) Introduction: Rock breaks down

More information

Sedimentary Rock. LOOKING CLOSER 2. Compare How is compaction different from cementation?

Sedimentary Rock. LOOKING CLOSER 2. Compare How is compaction different from cementation? CHAPTER 6 SECTION 3 Rocks Sedimentary Rock KEY IDEAS As you read this section, keep these questions in mind: How do compaction and cementation happen? How do chemical and organic sedimentary rocks form?

More information

SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS

SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS Date Period Name SEDIMENTARY AND METAMORPHIC ROCKS SECTION.1 Formation of Sedimentary Rocks In your textbook, read about the processes that form sedimentary rocks. Use each of the terms below to complete

More information

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS. Smith and Pun, Chapter 5 WHAT ARE SEDIMENTARY ROCKS?

SEDIMENTARY ROCKS. Smith and Pun, Chapter 5 WHAT ARE SEDIMENTARY ROCKS? SEDIMENTARY ROCKS Smith and Pun, Chapter 5 WHAT ARE SEDIMENTARY ROCKS? Sedimentary rocks are the weathering products of older rocks that have been deposited at the surface of the Earth by water, wind,

More information

Rocks are any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet. Types of Rocks

Rocks are any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet. Types of Rocks Tarbuck Lutgens Rocks 3.1 The Rock Cycle Rocks Rocks are any solid mass of mineral or mineral-like matter occurring naturally as part of our planet. Types of Rocks 1. Igneous rock is formed by the crystallization

More information

I. Observing Sedimentary Rock 11 Arkose 12 Gypsum 13 Sandstone 14 Shale 15 Limestone 16 Conglomerate

I. Observing Sedimentary Rock 11 Arkose 12 Gypsum 13 Sandstone 14 Shale 15 Limestone 16 Conglomerate Sedimentary and Metamorphic Activity Environmental Science Name: Period: Date: Essential Question: How do I identify sedimentary and metamorphic rocks? I. Observing Sedimentary 11 Arkose 12 Gypsum 13 Sandstone

More information

1. What is the difference between extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks? 2. What are the properties of identifying minerals?

1. What is the difference between extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks? 2. What are the properties of identifying minerals? Name: Date: Pre-Test: Outcome 3 Rocks and Minerals 1. What is the difference between extrusive and intrusive igneous rocks? - Extrusive rocks form when lava cools at the surface. The lava cools quickly

More information

Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE

Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE DATE DUE: Name: Instructor: Ms. Terry J. Boroughs Geology 305 INTRODUCTION TO ROCKS AND THE ROCK CYCLE Instructions: Read each question carefully before selecting the BEST answer Provide specific and detailed

More information

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE. CHAPTER 3 Rocks and Their Origins What are rocks?

TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE. CHAPTER 3 Rocks and Their Origins What are rocks? TO GO TO ANY OF THE PAGES LISTED BELOW, CLICK ON ITS TITLE CHAPTER 3 Rocks and Their Origins 1 3-1 What are rocks? 2 3-2 How are igneous rocks formed? 3 Comparing Batholiths and Stocks Enrichment Activity

More information

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com Name: KEY Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a naturally occurring, inorganic substance which has a definite chemical composition What would be the opposite of this? man-made,

More information

Introduction to Weathering Professor Jeffery Seitz Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences California State University East Bay

Introduction to Weathering Professor Jeffery Seitz Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences California State University East Bay Introduction to Weathering Professor Jeffery Seitz Department of Earth & Environmental Sciences California State University East Bay Physical Weathering Chemical Weathering Rates of Weathering National

More information

Geology. Definition of a Mineral. Minerals: 7-1. To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance must pass 5 tests:

Geology. Definition of a Mineral. Minerals: 7-1. To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance must pass 5 tests: Geology Minerals: We will begin our study of the land with a study of the basic building blocks of rocks: Minerals. Definition of a Mineral To be defined as a mineral in the geologic sense, a substance

More information

Lab 5: Sedimentary Rocks

Lab 5: Sedimentary Rocks Lab 5: Sedimentary Rocks Introduction Rock breaks down as it interacts with the surface environment. The solid particles and dissolved ions (charged atoms and molecules) freed by this action are transported

More information

Page 1. Name: Period: Date: WS Sedimentary Rocks

Page 1. Name: Period: Date: WS Sedimentary Rocks Name: Period: Date: 3255-1 - Page 1 WS Sedimentary Rocks 1) 2) 3) Tables, sedimentary rocks formed by compaction and cementation of land-derived sediments are classified on the basis of A) rate of formation

More information

Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Lithification: Or How to Make a Sedimentary Rock/Reservoir Rock

Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Lithification: Or How to Make a Sedimentary Rock/Reservoir Rock Weathering, Erosion, Deposition, and Lithification: Or How to Make a Sedimentary Rock/Reservoir Rock Weathering: Mechanical and/or chemical breakdown of rock material that creates sediments at or near

More information

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

More information

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted

Liz LaRosa Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted Liz LaRosa http://www.middleschoolscience.com 2010 Images from Geology.com unless otherwise noted A rock is a naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals, or organic matter Rocks are classified

More information

Sedimentary Rocks, Stratigraphy, and Geologic Time

Sedimentary Rocks, Stratigraphy, and Geologic Time Sedimentary Rocks, Stratigraphy, and Geologic Time A rock is any naturally formed, nonliving, coherent aggregate mass of solid matter that constitutes part of a planet, asteroid, moon, or other planetary

More information

Chapter 6. Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Chapter 6. Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Chapter 6 Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Hurricane Ivan: 09-16-04, 15:15 UTC Image source: NOAA-GEOS-12 (1 km) rock cycle! sediment: (sedimentum: settling)! fragments of solid material that settle and

More information

LAB 4: TEXTURES AND IDENTIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS

LAB 4: TEXTURES AND IDENTIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS OBJECTIVES LAB 4: TEXTURES AND IDENTIFICATION OF SEDIMENTARY ROCKS 1) to become familiar with the properties important in recognizing and classifying sedimentary rocks 2) to become familiar with the textures

More information

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms

Theory of Catastrophism - earth s shapes created in great cataclysms Atmosphere Biosphere Hydrosphere Lithosphere Lithosphere is the branch of physical geography, shared with the fields of Geomorphology and Tectonics, that specifically examine the landforms, continents

More information

The Rock Cycle, Isostasy, and the Dynamics of the Lithosphere

The Rock Cycle, Isostasy, and the Dynamics of the Lithosphere The Rock Cycle, Isostasy, and the Dynamics of the Lithosphere Siccar Point, Scotland Rock - aggregates of minerals Rock cycle - movement and transformations of rock in the lithosphere What is the ultimate

More information

Section: The Rock Cycle

Section: The Rock Cycle Skills Worksheet Chapter 2 section 1 Inside the Restless Earth /29 Section: The Rock Cycle 1. A naturally occurring solid mixture of one or more minerals or organic matter is called a. an element. b. a

More information

Page 1. Name:

Page 1. Name: Name: 1) A glass sphere and a lead sphere have the same volume. Each sphere is dropped into a container of water. Which statement best explains why the lead sphere settles faster? A) The lead sphere has

More information

CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS and SEDIMENTS

CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS and SEDIMENTS CLASTIC SEDIMENTARY ROCKS and SEDIMENTS Clastic sedimentary rocks - Rocks composed of fragments of pre-existing rocks. Sandstones, siltstones, mudstones, conglomerates, and breccias are all clastic rocks.

More information

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures

Rocks: Mineral Mixtures Rocks: Mineral Mixtures The Value of a Rock Rock is a solid mixture of crystals of one or more minerals, or organic matter. Rocks are classified by how they are formed, their composition, and texture.

More information

Fundamentals of Rocks

Fundamentals of Rocks Fundamentals of Rocks Rocks Are Aggregates of One or More Minerals The rock cycle Igneous Formed from a melt (magma) of elements. Minerals (mostly silicates) crystallize as the melt cools Crystal size

More information

Fundamentals of Rocks. With an Emphasis on Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks

Fundamentals of Rocks. With an Emphasis on Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Fundamentals of Rocks With an Emphasis on Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks The rock cycle Rocks Are Aggregates of One or More Minerals Igneous Formed from a melt (magma) of elements. Minerals (mostly silicates)

More information

Sediments and. Sedimentary Rocks. Processes of the rock cycle. Chapter 6. Weathering, Soil. and. Sedimentary Rocks

Sediments and. Sedimentary Rocks. Processes of the rock cycle. Chapter 6. Weathering, Soil. and. Sedimentary Rocks Chapter 6 Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks Weathering, Soil and Sedimentary Rocks Sediments, Soils & Sedimentary Rocks Processes of the rock cycle Weathering (Soils) Erosion Transportation Deposition (sedimentation)

More information

KEY. Table 2. Moh s Scale of Hardness 1 talc 2 gypsum 3 calcite 4 fluorite 5 apatite 6 feldspar 7 quartz 8 topaz 9 corundum 10 diamond

KEY. Table 2. Moh s Scale of Hardness 1 talc 2 gypsum 3 calcite 4 fluorite 5 apatite 6 feldspar 7 quartz 8 topaz 9 corundum 10 diamond REGENTS Unit 3 Test Name: ROCKS & MINERALS Date: 1. Base your answer(s) to the following question(s) on the two tables below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Table 1 shows the composition, hardness,

More information

1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire

1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire UNIT 3 EXAM ROCKS AND MINERALS NAME: BLOCK: DATE: 1. Base your answer to the following question on on the photographs and news article below. Old Man s Loss Felt in New Hampshire FRANCONIA, N.H. Crowds

More information

Where do Indiana s rocks come from? A short introduction to sedimentary geology

Where do Indiana s rocks come from? A short introduction to sedimentary geology Where do Indiana s rocks come from? A short introduction to sedimentary geology P. David Polly Department of Geological Sciences Indiana University Bloomington, Indiana 47405 USA pdpolly@indiana.edu Tidal

More information

Figure 1 The map shows the top view of a meandering stream as it enters a lake. At which points along the stream are erosion and deposition dominant?

Figure 1 The map shows the top view of a meandering stream as it enters a lake. At which points along the stream are erosion and deposition dominant? 1. In which type of climate does chemical weathering usually occur most rapidly? 1. hot and dry 3. cold and dry 2. hot and wet 4. cold and wet 2. Figure 1 The map shows the top view of a meandering stream

More information

Rocks and Minerals. Planets, Moons & Rings 9/9/13 Guest lecture by Steve Mojzsis (GEOL)

Rocks and Minerals. Planets, Moons & Rings 9/9/13 Guest lecture by Steve Mojzsis (GEOL) Rocks and Minerals Planets, Moons & Rings 9/9/13 Guest lecture by Steve Mojzsis (GEOL) Rocks and Minerals: Definitions A mineral is solid inorganic material of the Earth that has both a known chemical

More information

Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com

Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 Mark Place, www.learnearthscience.com Name: Rocks & Minerals 1 KEY CONCEPT #1: What is a mineral? It is a, substance which has a What would be the opposite of this? KEY CONCEPT #2: What causes minerals to have different physical properties?

More information

Geology 101 Reading Guides for Ch. 7: Sedimentary Processes, Environments, and Rocks (p. 184) and Ch. 8: Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks (p.

Geology 101 Reading Guides for Ch. 7: Sedimentary Processes, Environments, and Rocks (p. 184) and Ch. 8: Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks (p. Geology 101 Name Reading Guides for Ch. 7: Sedimentary Processes, Environments, and Rocks (p. 184) and Ch. 8: Metamorphism and Metamorphic Rocks (p. 216) Chapter 7: The Origins of Sedimentary Rocks (p.184)

More information

Sedimentary Rock and the Production of Sediment

Sedimentary Rock and the Production of Sediment Sedimentary Rock and the Production of Sediment Sedimentology = scientific study of sediments and sedimentary rocks. Includes production of sediment, transport, deposition, & lithification. Provides the

More information