Common Phonological processes - There are several kinds of familiar processes that are found in many many languages.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Common Phonological processes - There are several kinds of familiar processes that are found in many many languages."

Transcription

1 Common Phonological processes - There are several kinds of familiar processes that are found in many many languages.

2 1. Uncommon processes DO exist. Of course, through the vagaries of history languages can develop highly ideosyncratic patterns. Example: The Indo European RUKI rule: s > S / RUKI. This happens in Indo-Iranian, Slavic, and Baltic. RUKI = /r/, /u/, /k/, and /i/ (not a natural class!)

3 2. Common segmental interactions - Assimilations. Adjacent sounds become more similar to each other. Examples: total assimilation Latin octo > Italian otto 'eight' Old English myln > Modern English mill Carribean Spanish (casual speech process) hasta /asta/ > [ahta] > [atta] 'until' partial assimilation PIE *swep-no > Latin somnus 'sleep' (nasality) Latin lupu > Spanish lobo (voicing) English in-tolerant > intolerant, in-possible > impossible, in-compatible > i[n]compatible English dog[z], rib[z] versus docks and rips. (voice) (place)

4 3. It makes sense to think of this as gestural interaction - o gestures for adjacent segments overlap with each other - nasality overlaps with vowel in camp o effects of gestures blend with each other - tongue position in key vs. coo However, assimilation at a distance is harder to explain this way

5 4. Assimilation at a distance - a challenge to an articulatory view of assimilation. Consonant harmony PIE *pekw > Italic *kwekw 'to cook, ripen' (Latin /kokw-/ coquere 'to cook') Vowel harmony Germanic umlaut /mu:s/ 'mouse' /mu:si/ 'mice' become /mu:s/ /my:s/. With unrounding (y>i) and great vowel shift (u>au and i>ai) we have the modern English pronunciations.

6 5. Common segmental interactions - Dissimilations. Adjacent sounds become more different from each other. Examples: Adjacent sounds may dissimilate: Finnish /kakte-/ > [kahte-na] 'as two' (stop.stop > fric.stop) Greek ptero ~ ftero 'feather' ftinos ~ ftinos ' cheap' Dissimilation at a distance is more common: Latin velal > English velar (note also alveolar, and uvular, but labial, dental, palatal). Grassman's law: Sanskrit bhabhuva > babhuva 'became' (aspiration) Dahl's law: Kikuyu /kikuju/ > /gikuju/ 'Kikuyu' (voicing) K'iche kaq > kjaq 'red' (place)

7 6. The perceptual motivation of dissimilation. Increase the auditory/perceptual contrast among sounds in a sequence (syntagmatic contrast). K'iche [k j ] is less like [q] than is [k], so the fact that the onset and coda have different place of articulation is enhanced by the palatalization. The Greek change pt > ft ft > ft is doubly percepual in nature: (1) dissimilates continuancy, and (2) enhances place cues by having the consonant at the CV boundary be a stop (stop place cues are stronger in CV position than in CC or VC position). - at the cost of increased homonymy!

8 7. Prosodic structure plays a role in phonological processes. Prosodic structure = rhythm, prominence, grouping Rhythm - units of timing syllable timing - each syllable feels equal in rhythmic weight stress timing - each stress foot feels equal in rhythmic weight (syllables within feet alternate in weight) mora timing - each mora feels equal in rhythmic weight (mora is easy to define in Japanese - writing system - less so in other languages). Prominence - emphasize a word in an utterance some combination of pitch pattern (accent) and/or duration Grouping - signal aspects of syntactic or discourse structure pause between syntactic or discourse units slow down between units pitch reset at boundaries (low to high, or high to low)

9 8. Syllable position and articulation of consonants. syllable ( onset, rhyme (nucleus, coda)) -- draw tree structure Nucleus is vocalic usually, or syllabic consonant. Onset and coda are typically made up of consonants. Tendency across languages to have more C contrasts in onset position. Mandarin - only nasals [m], [n], [N] in coda. Korean - 3-way stop series only occurs in onset position.

10 9. The perceptual robustness of onset position. The tendency for languages to permit more contrast in onset position may be driven by perceptual bias - auditory information for place of articulation in stops (particularly) is greater in onset position. Presence of stop release burst and formant transitions. Informational importance of some onsets. left-to-right word recognition process places greater weight on word onsets.

11 10. Foot position and segment realization. In stress-timed languages the stress foot is composed of stong and weak syllables. foot(σs,σw) - trochaic foot foot(σwσs) - iambic foot ex: garden ex: about segments in weak syllables tend to be reduced 11. Some reduction processes. vowel centralization - vowel becomes like schwa emph[æ]tic - e»mph[ ]sis vowel deletion memorize - mem(o)ry

12 12. Why reduction of unstressed syllables? Articulatory weakening - shorter, less energy devoted to the production of unstressed syllables - perceptual reinterpretation of weak syllable. Talker /memori/ Listener /memri/ produced as: recovered as: [mem ri] [mem ri]

13 13. An additonal factor in reduction - frequency of usage. Highly frequent words show a greater number of pronunciation variants in a corpus of conversational English. There were 1516 occurrences of yknow with 232 different pronunciations.

Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekday section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide

Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekday section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekday section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Thomas E. Payne, Hanyang Oregon 2007 The following are questions that may appear on the mid-term exam for Linguistics 511G. Approximately

More information

Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekend section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide

Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekend section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Applied Phonetics and Phonology Weekend section Mid-Term Exam Study Guide Thomas E. Payne, Hanyang Oregon 2007 The following are questions that may appear on the mid-term exam for Linguistics 511G. Approximately

More information

The sound patterns of language

The sound patterns of language The sound patterns of language Phonology Chapter 5 Alaa Mohammadi- Fall 2009 1 This lecture There are systematic differences between: What speakers memorize about the sounds of words. The speech sounds

More information

Place Assimilation Jongho Jun February 25, 2014

Place Assimilation Jongho Jun February 25, 2014 Iman Albadar LING 861 Place Assimilation Jongho Jun February 25, 2014 Place assimilation occurs in consonant clusters when one consonant takes on the place of articulation of an adjacent consonant. Examples:

More information

7.2. The structure of the syllable. Phonotactic constraints

7.2. The structure of the syllable. Phonotactic constraints Chapter 7: Beyond the segment: yllable structure in English 7.1. The yllable: a fundamental phonological unit in any language. A tentative definition 7.2. The structure of the syllable. Phonotactic constraints

More information

24.900: Introduction to Linguistics. Phonology Class 3. April 13, 2005

24.900: Introduction to Linguistics. Phonology Class 3. April 13, 2005 24.900: Introduction to Linguistics Phonology Class 3 April 13, 2005 Phoneme: A contrastive phonological segment whose phonetic realizations are predictable by rule. a. Review sheet for quiz. b. No practice

More information

1. Syllable Prominence (R & J, pp ) Prominence in Nouns and Verbs, Consider the data below:

1. Syllable Prominence (R & J, pp ) Prominence in Nouns and Verbs, Consider the data below: L30A - Prominence & Metrical Theory The phenomenon of stress 1. Syllable Prominence (R & J, pp. 295 296) Prominence in Nouns and Verbs, Consider the data below: Pronounce the above words Each of them can

More information

Cue-based analysis of speech: Implications for prosodic transcription

Cue-based analysis of speech: Implications for prosodic transcription Cue-based analysis of speech: Implications for prosodic transcription Stefanie Shattuck-Hufnagel Speech Communication Group Research Laboratory of Electronics MIT A stark view: Some unanswered questions

More information

English Phonetics and Phonology: English Consonants

English Phonetics and Phonology: English Consonants Applied Phonetics and Phonology English Phonetics and Phonology: English Consonants Tom Payne, TESOL at Hanyang University 2007 How Speech Sounds are Produced Speech sounds are produced by a moving column

More information

Phonotactics. Darrell Larsen. Linguistics 101

Phonotactics. Darrell Larsen. Linguistics 101 Phonotactics Darrell Larsen Linguistics 101 Outline 1 Phonotactics Syllable Structure Constraints Sound Sequence Constraints Resolving Constraint Violations 2 Phonotactics Overview Phonotactics is part

More information

Speech Production 2. Paper 9: Foundations of Speech Communication Lent Term: Week 4. Katharine Barden

Speech Production 2. Paper 9: Foundations of Speech Communication Lent Term: Week 4. Katharine Barden Speech Production 2 Paper 9: Foundations of Speech Communication Lent Term: Week 4 Katharine Barden Today s lecture Prosodic-segmental interdependencies Models of speech production Articulatory phonology

More information

The Phonological Role in English Pronunciation Instruction

The Phonological Role in English Pronunciation Instruction The Phonological Role in English Pronunciation Instruction Kwan-Young Oh Yosu National University The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate a more effective way for improving Korean students pronunciation

More information

Teaching English Pronunciation to Japanese Learners. Barbara Bradford, SOAS

Teaching English Pronunciation to Japanese Learners. Barbara Bradford, SOAS Teaching English Pronunciation to Japanese Learners Barbara Bradford, SOAS It is generally accepted that the Japanese have some serious problems in getting to grips with the pronunciation of English. Many

More information

Chapter 5. English Words and Sentences. Ching Kang Liu Language Center National Taipei University

Chapter 5. English Words and Sentences. Ching Kang Liu Language Center National Taipei University Chapter 5 English Words and Sentences Ching Kang Liu Language Center National Taipei University 1 Citation form The strong form and the weak form 1. The form in which a word is pronounced when it is considered

More information

Vowel articulation in English. LING110 Fall Quarter 2002

Vowel articulation in English. LING110 Fall Quarter 2002 Vowel articulation in English LING110 Fall Quarter 2002 Articulatory parameters for classifying vowels Height of tongue Backness of tongue Lip rounding Tense/Lax Nasality Rhotacization A word of caution

More information

Functional Auditory Performance Indicators (FAPI)

Functional Auditory Performance Indicators (FAPI) Functional Performance Indicators (FAPI) An Integrated Approach to Skill FAPI Overview The Functional (FAPI) assesses the functional auditory skills of children with hearing loss. It can be used by parents,

More information

The Effect of Anticipatory Coariticulation in VCV Sequences in Chinese

The Effect of Anticipatory Coariticulation in VCV Sequences in Chinese International Journal of Engineering Inventions e-issn: 2278-7461, p-issn: 2319-6491 Volume 2, Issue 12 (August 2013) PP: 17-22 The Effect of Anticipatory Coariticulation in VCV Sequences in Chinese Maolin

More information

THE DIFFERENCE IN THE STRESS PATTERNS BETWEEN THE NOUN AND VERB FORMS

THE DIFFERENCE IN THE STRESS PATTERNS BETWEEN THE NOUN AND VERB FORMS ASSINGMENT - 2 Phonology (5658) THE DIFFERENCE IN THE STRESS PATTERNS BETWEEN THE NOUN AND VERB FORMS Mrs Ishrat Aamer Qureshi Student of Diploma TEFL Roll No : AP504192 Department of English, Alama Iqbal

More information

Stricture and Nasal Place Assimilation. Jaye Padgett

Stricture and Nasal Place Assimilation. Jaye Padgett Stricture and Nasal Place Assimilation Jaye Padgett Stricture Stricture features determine the degree of constriction in the vocal tract; [son], [ cons], [cont] [-cont]: Verschluss im mediosagittalen Bereich

More information

SEDAT ERDOĞAN. Ses, Dil, Edebiyat, Öğrenim... TEMEL İNGİLİZCE. Ses dilin temelidir, özüdür... Türkiye de ses öğrenimi

SEDAT ERDOĞAN. Ses, Dil, Edebiyat, Öğrenim... TEMEL İNGİLİZCE. Ses dilin temelidir, özüdür... Türkiye de ses öğrenimi SEDAT ERDOĞAN Ses, Dil, Edebiyat, Öğrenim... TEMEL İNGİLİZCE Ses dilin temelidir, özüdür... Türkiye de ses öğrenimi olmadığından dil öğrenimi zayıftır, kötüdür... PRONUNCIATION HINTS */a/ vowel sound is

More information

Phonemic Awareness To The Phonic Code

Phonemic Awareness To The Phonic Code Phonemic Awareness To The Phonic Code What Does ASHA Say? Other Roles and Responsibilities With Literacy Providing Assistance to General Education Teachers, Students, and Parents It is helpful to distinguish

More information

Pronunciation Difficulties of Japanese Speakers of English: Predictions Based on a Contrastive Analysis Steven W. Carruthers

Pronunciation Difficulties of Japanese Speakers of English: Predictions Based on a Contrastive Analysis Steven W. Carruthers 17 Pronunciation Difficulties of Japanese Speakers of English: Predictions Based on a Contrastive Analysis Steven W. Carruthers Abstract A contrastive analysis of English and Japanese phonology can help

More information

Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia Nuffield Approach

Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia Nuffield Approach Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia Nuffield Approach Pam Williams, Consultant Speech & Language Therapist Nuffield Hearing & Speech Centre RNTNE Hospital, London, Uk Outline of session Speech & language difficulties

More information

Phonetics Articulatory Phonetics

Phonetics Articulatory Phonetics 2 Phonetics Articulatory Phonetics SPEECH SOUND FORM Learning Objectives When you have finished this chapter, you should be able to: Define phonetics and the branches of phonetics. List the differences

More information

Part II Phonology. 2. Segmentals Vowels and Diphthongs. 3. Suprasegmentals Words Accents, Sentence Tonic, Rhythm

Part II Phonology. 2. Segmentals Vowels and Diphthongs. 3. Suprasegmentals Words Accents, Sentence Tonic, Rhythm Part II Phonology 1. Segmentals Consonants 2. Segmentals Vowels and Diphthongs 3. Suprasegmentals Words Accents, Sentence Tonic, Rhythm 4. Suprasegmentals Tones and Intonations The English Consonants Stops

More information

Excursus on Hungarian Poetry and Poetry Recital

Excursus on Hungarian Poetry and Poetry Recital Chapter 10 Excursus on Hungarian Poetry and Poetry Recital In Hungarian poetry, in addition to its native metric system based on two line segments each of which must begin with a stressed syllable, there

More information

LINGUISTICS 321 Lecture #6 Phonology. BETWEEN THE SEGMENT AND THE SYLLABLE (Part 1) Example: In Polish, stress falls on the penultimate syllable.

LINGUISTICS 321 Lecture #6 Phonology. BETWEEN THE SEGMENT AND THE SYLLABLE (Part 1) Example: In Polish, stress falls on the penultimate syllable. LINGUISTICS 321 Lecture #6 Phonology BETWEEN THE SEGMENT AND THE SYLLABLE (Part 1) 1. THE SYLLABLE SPE: The phonological representation consists of linear strings of segments with no hierarchical organization.

More information

Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language

Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language 01:615:201 Introduction to Linguistic Theory Adam Szczegielniak Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language Copyright in part: Cengage learning Phonology: The Sound Patterns of Language There are only a

More information

Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE)

Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE) NZE Phonology 1 Vowels Table 1 gives lexical set words (Wells, 1982) for New Zealand English (NZE) vowels, together with suggested transcription symbols (for further details see Bauer and Warren, 2004).

More information

English Speech Timing: A Domain and Locus Approach. Laurence White

English Speech Timing: A Domain and Locus Approach. Laurence White English Speech Timing: A Domain and Locus Approach Laurence White PhD The University of Edinburgh 2002 Abstract This dissertation presents a descriptive framework for suprasyllabic processes in speech

More information

Pronunciation in English - High Beginning+ Pronunciation in English - Intermediate+

Pronunciation in English - High Beginning+ Pronunciation in English - Intermediate+ Teacher's Guide to Pronunciation in English - High Beginning+ Pronunciation in English - Intermediate+ User Management System Included for all schools at no additional cost Feedback from students After

More information

Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic

Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic Stress and Accent in Tunisian Arabic By Nadia Bouchhioua University of Carthage, Tunis Outline of the Presentation 1. Rationale for the study 2. Defining stress and accent 3. Parameters Explored 4. Methodology

More information

CALL EM AS YOU HEAR EM:

CALL EM AS YOU HEAR EM: CALL EM AS YOU HEAR EM: Ear Training & Phonetic Transcription (& Brain Stuff) for Teaching Pronunciation Dr. Robin C. Barr Linguist-in-Residence American University, Washington DC January 29, 2012 Myths

More information

Phonetics. Lecture 01

Phonetics. Lecture 01 Phonetics Lecture 01 Introduction Written English and spoken English are very different of, these, those, yacht, subtle, lamb, knot, psychology, Xavier, clothes, cupboard, mischief, foot, fool, orange,

More information

Acoustic coustic Realization and Perception of English Lexical Stress by Mandarin Learners

Acoustic coustic Realization and Perception of English Lexical Stress by Mandarin Learners Acoustic coustic Realization and Perception of English Lexical Stress by Mandarin Learners Yuwen Lai University of British Columbia University of Kansas Joan Sereno University of Kansas Allard Jongman

More information

Literacy and prosody The case of low literate Senegalese learners of L2 Italian

Literacy and prosody The case of low literate Senegalese learners of L2 Italian Literacy and prosody The case of low literate Senegalese learners of L2 Italian Marta Maffia and Anna De Meo University of Naples L Orientale LESLLA Conference Nijmegen, 28 30 August 2014 Outline of the

More information

Phonetics. Recap. Places and Manner of articulation. Airstream mechanism Stages of speech production Vocal folds Articulators

Phonetics. Recap. Places and Manner of articulation. Airstream mechanism Stages of speech production Vocal folds Articulators Phonetics Places and Manner of articulation Recap Airstream mechanism Stages of speech production Vocal folds Articulators 1 Lecture outline The concept of articulation Active and passive articulators

More information

The Creative Curriculum System for Preschool. Phonological Awareness

The Creative Curriculum System for Preschool. Phonological Awareness The Creative Curriculum System for Preschool Phonological Awareness 1 Phonological Awareness The Creative Curriculum System for Preschool includes a wide variety of activities that promote children s phonological

More information

Test at a Glance. About this test

Test at a Glance. About this test English to Speakers of Other Languages (0360) Test at a Glance Test Name English to Speakers of Other Languages Test Code 0360 Time 2 hours, with a 30-minute listening section Number of Questions 120,

More information

The Sounds of Spanish: Analysis and Application, by Robert M. Hammond Chapter 1 review questions

The Sounds of Spanish: Analysis and Application, by Robert M. Hammond Chapter 1 review questions Chapter 1 review questions 1. What is the difference between positive transfer and negative transfer? 2. What is the difference between a phonological representation and a phonetic representation? 3. In

More information

RELATIONAL ACOUSTIC INVARIANCE IN JAPANESE VOWEL LENGTH DISTINCTION

RELATIONAL ACOUSTIC INVARIANCE IN JAPANESE VOWEL LENGTH DISTINCTION RELATIONAL ACOUSTIC INVARIANCE IN JAPANESE VOWEL LENGTH DISTINCTION Yukari Hirata Dept. of East Asian Languages and Literatures Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, USA yhirata@mail.colgate.edu ABSTRACT

More information

Relationship Between Acoustic Measures and Judgements of Intelligibility in Parkinson s Disease: A Within-Speaker Approach

Relationship Between Acoustic Measures and Judgements of Intelligibility in Parkinson s Disease: A Within-Speaker Approach Relationship Between Acoustic Measures and Judgements of Intelligibility in Parkinson s Disease: A Within-Speaker Approach Lynda Feenaughty, Kris Tjaden, & Joan Sussman Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics,

More information

VOWEL SOUNDS A) STRUCTURAL / TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FEATURES OF PRONUNCIATION SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES HEIGHT TONGUE MONOPHTHONG OPEN

VOWEL SOUNDS A) STRUCTURAL / TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FEATURES OF PRONUNCIATION SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES HEIGHT TONGUE MONOPHTHONG OPEN VOWEL SOUNDS A) STRUCTURAL / TRADITIONAL CLASSIFICATION OF FEATURES OF PRONUNCIATION SUPRASEGMENTAL FEATURES PITCH RHYTHM INTONATION CONSONANTS SEGMENTAL FEATURES CLOSE HEIGHT TONGUE HALF CLOSE HALF OPEN

More information

From Sounds to Language. CS 4706 Julia Hirschberg

From Sounds to Language. CS 4706 Julia Hirschberg From Sounds to Language CS 4706 Julia Hirschberg Studying Linguistic Sounds Who studies speech sounds? Linguists (phoneticians, phonologists, forensic), speech engineers (ASR, speaker id, dialect and language

More information

How do you like to go up in a swing, a 10 Up in the air so blue? b 6 Oh, I do think it the pleasantest thing a 10 Ever a child can do!

How do you like to go up in a swing, a 10 Up in the air so blue? b 6 Oh, I do think it the pleasantest thing a 10 Ever a child can do! Grades 3 and up. THE SWING. Directions. Print out. Read the poem. Do the activities. Note: For younger children, just read the poem, talk about it, illustrate it or part of it, and act it out. THE SWING

More information

Phonetic transcription. Ling 205, autumn 2012 Week 3

Phonetic transcription. Ling 205, autumn 2012 Week 3 Phonetic transcription Ling 205, autumn 2012 Week 3 How many syllables? Syllables can be thought of as local peaks of voicing loudness within a word, which are more than fleeting in duration. Basically

More information

Office Phone/E-mail: 963-1598 / lix@cwu.edu Office Hours: MW 3:50-4:50, TR 12:00-12:30

Office Phone/E-mail: 963-1598 / lix@cwu.edu Office Hours: MW 3:50-4:50, TR 12:00-12:30 ENG 432/532: Phonetics and Phonology (Fall 2010) Course credits: Four (4) Time/classroom: MW2:00-3:40 p.m./ LL243 Instructor: Charles X. Li, Ph.D. Office location: LL403H Office Phone/E-mail: 963-1598

More information

THE PHONETICS OF ARABIC

THE PHONETICS OF ARABIC D. Newman Arabic Phonetics : Sound Descriptions Page 1 of 6 THE PHONETICS OF ARABIC The pages below are extracts from a book that is being prepared for publication. As a result, not every category of sound

More information

Acoustic Phonetics. Chapter 8

Acoustic Phonetics. Chapter 8 Acoustic Phonetics Chapter 8 1 1. Sound waves Vocal folds: Frequency: 300 Hz 0 0 0.01 0.02 0.03 2 1.1 Sound waves: The parts of waves We will be considering the parts of a wave with the wave represented

More information

DRA2 Word Analysis. correlated to. Virginia Learning Standards Grade 1

DRA2 Word Analysis. correlated to. Virginia Learning Standards Grade 1 DRA2 Word Analysis correlated to Virginia Learning Standards Grade 1 Quickly identify and generate words that rhyme with given words. Quickly identify and generate words that begin with the same sound.

More information

LANGUAGE LEARNING IN A SPECIAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT. Oscar Saz (CMU Post-Doc) PSLC-CF

LANGUAGE LEARNING IN A SPECIAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT. Oscar Saz (CMU Post-Doc) PSLC-CF LANGUAGE LEARNING IN A SPECIAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT Oscar Saz (CMU Post-Doc) PSLC-CF Overview 2 Brief introduction: Language learning in special education Development of computer tutors for speech therapy

More information

Introduction to Linguistics Chapter 1 (pp. 1-13)

Introduction to Linguistics Chapter 1 (pp. 1-13) Introduction to Linguistics Chapter 1 (pp. 1-13) I. Basic concepts Linguistics is the study of mental grammar There are many things you know about your language that you have not been taught To study language

More information

Appeared in: Nadel, L. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Vol. 4, 4. London: Nature Publishing Group,

Appeared in: Nadel, L. (ed.). Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Vol. 4, 4. London: Nature Publishing Group, Stress and accent Harry van der Hulst University of Connecticut Contents 1. Introduction 2. Stress and Accent 3. Accentual representations: a typology 4. Lexical and post-lexical accent 5. Some further

More information

Rhythmic Perception, Music and Language: A New Theoretical Framework for Understanding and Remediating Specific Language Impairment

Rhythmic Perception, Music and Language: A New Theoretical Framework for Understanding and Remediating Specific Language Impairment 1 Rhythmic Perception, Music and Language: A New Theoretical Framework for Understanding and Remediating Specific Language Impairment Usha Goswami, Ruth Cumming and Angela Wilson Centre for Neuroscience

More information

Things to remember when transcribing speech

Things to remember when transcribing speech Notes and discussion Things to remember when transcribing speech David Crystal University of Reading Until the day comes when this journal is available in an audio or video format, we shall have to rely

More information

Development of Communication Skills in Children and Adolescents with Down Syndrome. Paul Laikko, M.A., CCC-SLP Korey Stading, M.S.

Development of Communication Skills in Children and Adolescents with Down Syndrome. Paul Laikko, M.A., CCC-SLP Korey Stading, M.S. Development of Communication Skills in Children and Adolescents with Down Syndrome Paul Laikko, M.A., CCC-SLP Korey Stading, M.S., CCC-SLP INFANCY PROBLEMS: Delayed development of: cognition sensory-motor

More information

Between voicing and aspiration

Between voicing and aspiration Workshop Maps and Grammar 17-18 September 2014 Introduction Dutch-German dialect continuum Voicing languages vs. aspiration languages Phonology meets phonetics Phonetically continuous, phonologically discrete

More information

5 Free Techniques for Better English Pronunciation

5 Free Techniques for Better English Pronunciation 5 Free Techniques for Better English Pronunciation Enhancing Communication Skills Enhancing Performance Judy Ravin, President The Accent Reduction Institute, LLC 410 N. 4th Ave. Ann Arbor, MI. 48104 734-665-2915

More information

2.2 Vowel and consonant

2.2 Vowel and consonant 2.2 Vowel and consonant The words vowel and consonant are very familiar ones, but when we study the sounds of speech scientifically we find that it is not easy to define exactly what they mean. The most

More information

L3: Organization of speech sounds

L3: Organization of speech sounds L3: Organization of speech sounds Phonemes, phones, and allophones Taxonomies of phoneme classes Articulatory phonetics Acoustic phonetics Speech perception Prosody Introduction to Speech Processing Ricardo

More information

Differences of Vowel Pronunciation in China English and American English: A Case Study of [i] and [ɪ]

Differences of Vowel Pronunciation in China English and American English: A Case Study of [i] and [ɪ] Sino-US English Teaching, ISSN 1539-8072 February 2013, Vol. 10, No. 2, 154-161 D DAVID PUBLISHING Differences of Vowel Pronunciation in China English and American English: A Case Study of [i] and [ɪ]

More information

Anna V. Sosa, Ph.D., CCC-SLP Northern Arizona University April 30, 2011 ARSHA 2011 Convention

Anna V. Sosa, Ph.D., CCC-SLP Northern Arizona University April 30, 2011 ARSHA 2011 Convention Anna V. Sosa, Ph.D., CCC-SLP Northern Arizona University April 30, 2011 ARSHA 2011 Convention Tools for assessing articulation and phonology Standardized, norm-referenced tests Goldman-Fristoe Test of

More information

Articulatory Phonetics. and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Readings and Other Materials. Introduction. The Articulatory System

Articulatory Phonetics. and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Readings and Other Materials. Introduction. The Articulatory System Supplementary Readings Supplementary Readings Handouts Online Tutorials The following readings have been posted to the Moodle course site: Contemporary Linguistics: Chapter 2 (pp. 15-33) Handouts for This

More information

LINGUISTIC DISSECTION OF SWITCHBOARD-CORPUS AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEMS

LINGUISTIC DISSECTION OF SWITCHBOARD-CORPUS AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEMS LINGUISTIC DISSECTION OF SWITCHBOARD-CORPUS AUTOMATIC SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEMS Steven Greenberg and Shuangyu Chang International Computer Science Institute 1947 Center Street, Berkeley, CA 94704, USA

More information

Appositions versus Double Subject Sentences what Information the Speech Analysis brings to a Grammar Debate

Appositions versus Double Subject Sentences what Information the Speech Analysis brings to a Grammar Debate Appositions versus Double Subject Sentences what Information the Speech Analysis brings to a Grammar Debate Horia-Nicolai Teodorescu 1,2 and Diana Trandabăţ 1,3 1 Institute for Computes Science, Romanian

More information

Phonological Awareness in Preschool

Phonological Awareness in Preschool Schools Teaching Early Phonological Awareness Skills Phonological Awareness in Preschool Stephanie Robbins Forbes, M.S. CCC-SLP James Madison University Harrisonburg, VA Lee Ann Sweet Gray, M.S. CCC-SLP

More information

Prelinguistic vocal behaviors. Stage 1 (birth-1 month) Stage 2 (2-3 months) Stage 4 (7-9 months) Stage 3 (4-6 months)

Prelinguistic vocal behaviors. Stage 1 (birth-1 month) Stage 2 (2-3 months) Stage 4 (7-9 months) Stage 3 (4-6 months) 3 stages of phonological development 1. Prelinguistic vocal behaviors 2. Phonology of the first 50 words 3. Emergence of rules Prelinguistic vocal behaviors Reflexive/vegetative sounds (birth-1 month)

More information

Diction for Singing. David Jones, D.M.A SFA Regents Professor of Music, Voice. Charts: Nita Hudson, M.M. SFA Instructor of Voice

Diction for Singing. David Jones, D.M.A SFA Regents Professor of Music, Voice. Charts: Nita Hudson, M.M. SFA Instructor of Voice Diction for Singing By David Jones, D.M.A SFA Regents Professor of Music, Voice Charts: Nita Hudson, M.M. SFA Instructor of Voice My first job was that of a Jr. High Choral Director. I inherited an unauditioned

More information

Developing Pronunciation. Learning Enhancement Team

Developing Pronunciation. Learning Enhancement Team Developing Pronunciation Learning Enhancement Team LET@mdx.ac.uk Developing Pronunciation: Getting the small sounds right Session Aims To become familiar with the phonemic chart To practice some individual

More information

Phonetics: The Sounds of Language

Phonetics: The Sounds of Language 01:615:201 Introduction to Linguistic Theory Adam Szczegielniak Phonetics: The Sounds of Language Copyright in part : Cengage learning Sound Segments Knowing a language includes knowing the sounds of that

More information

PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS

PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS PERCEPTION OF VOWEL QUANTITY BY ENGLISH LEARNERS OF CZECH AND NATIVE LISTENERS Kateřina Chládková Václav Jonáš Podlipský Karel Janíček Eva Boudová 1 INTRODUCTION Vowels in both English and Czech are realized

More information

SYLLABLE STRESS IN URDU

SYLLABLE STRESS IN URDU 202 SYLLABLE STRESS IN URDU SHANZA NYYAR ABSTRACT Syllable stress plays a vital role in determining the pronunciation of a word in any language. In every language where the stress exists, a particular

More information

Quarterly Progress and Status Report. Preaspiration in Southern Swedish dialects

Quarterly Progress and Status Report. Preaspiration in Southern Swedish dialects Dept. for Speech, Music and Hearing Quarterly Progress and Status Report Preaspiration in Southern Swedish dialects Tronnier, M. journal: Proceedings of Fonetik, TMH-QPSR volume: 44 number: 1 year: 2002

More information

STRESSED VOWEL DURATION AND PHONEMIC LENGTH CONTRAST

STRESSED VOWEL DURATION AND PHONEMIC LENGTH CONTRAST Research in Language, 2012, vol. 10.2 DOI 10.2478/v10015-011-0049-2 STRESSED VOWEL DURATION AND PHONEMIC LENGTH CONTRAST TOMASZ CISZEWSKI University of Gdańsk Abstract It has been generally accepted that

More information

Materials Evaluation and Adaptation: A case study of pronunciation teaching

Materials Evaluation and Adaptation: A case study of pronunciation teaching Cite as: Gabrielatos, C. (1994). Materials evaluation and adaptation: A case study of pronunciation teaching. The treatment of pronunciation in The New Cambridge English Course, vol. 1. Unpublished essay,

More information

INTEGRATING THE COMMON CORE STANDARDS INTO INTERACTIVE, ONLINE EARLY LITERACY PROGRAMS

INTEGRATING THE COMMON CORE STANDARDS INTO INTERACTIVE, ONLINE EARLY LITERACY PROGRAMS INTEGRATING THE COMMON CORE STANDARDS INTO INTERACTIVE, ONLINE EARLY LITERACY PROGRAMS By Dr. Kay MacPhee President/Founder Ooka Island, Inc. 1 Integrating the Common Core Standards into Interactive, Online

More information

Learning to Recognize Talkers from Natural, Sinewave, and Reversed Speech Samples

Learning to Recognize Talkers from Natural, Sinewave, and Reversed Speech Samples Learning to Recognize Talkers from Natural, Sinewave, and Reversed Speech Samples Presented by: Pankaj Rajan Graduate Student, Department of Computer Sciences. Texas A&M University, College Station Agenda

More information

ENG 432/532 Phonetics and Phonology Fall 2013

ENG 432/532 Phonetics and Phonology Fall 2013 ENG 432/532 Phonetics and Phonology Fall 2013 Course credits: Five (5) Instructor: Charles Li, Ph.D. Office Phone/E-mail: 963-1598 / lix@cwu.edu Time/classroom: MW2:00-3:40 p.m./ LL307 Office location:

More information

EN1210 Phonetics & Phonology, 1 HEC

EN1210 Phonetics & Phonology, 1 HEC EN1210 Phonetics & Phonology, 1 HEC { Language users rely on phonological rules which are to some extent abstract, always categorical, and generalize over many cases. Emphasis of this module: TARGET LANGUAGE

More information

ERP indices of lab-learned phonotactics

ERP indices of lab-learned phonotactics ERP indices of lab-learned phonotactics Claire Moore-Cantwell, Joe Pater, Robert Staubs, Benjamin Zobel and Lisa Sanders RUMMIT UMass Amherst, April 6th 2013 Introduction: learning phonology in the lab

More information

Analyse spelling errors

Analyse spelling errors Analyse spelling errors Why the strategy is important Children with a history of chronic conductive hearing loss have difficulty in developing accurate representations of sounds and words. The effects

More information

Phillip Backley. 1 Introduction

Phillip Backley. 1 Introduction Phillip Backley 1 Introduction To become competent users of a second language, learners must focus on various different aspects of the language they are attempting to learn. At high school, second language

More information

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING READING

COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING READING Лю Пэн COMPUTER TECHNOLOGY IN TEACHING READING Effective Elementary Reading Program Effective approach must contain the following five components: 1. Phonemic awareness instruction to help children learn

More information

Practicing Pronunciation for Higher Scores in Standardized English Tests (TOEFL/IELTS)

Practicing Pronunciation for Higher Scores in Standardized English Tests (TOEFL/IELTS) SAUNDZ Practicing Pronunciation for Higher Scores in Standardized English Tests (TOEFL/IELTS) A White Paper Saundz Research 11/5/2014 The paper discusses pronunciation assessment methods on standardized

More information

The syllable as emerging unit of information, processing, production

The syllable as emerging unit of information, processing, production The syllable as emerging unit of information, processing, production September 27-29, 2012 Dartmouth College, Hanover NH Neukom Institute for Computational Science; Linguistics and Cognitive Science Program

More information

Points of Interference in Learning English as a Second Language

Points of Interference in Learning English as a Second Language Points of Interference in Learning English as a Second Language Tone Spanish: In both English and Spanish there are four tone levels, but Spanish speaker use only the three lower pitch tones, except when

More information

Towards a Typology of English Accents

Towards a Typology of English Accents Towards a Typology of English Accents The Speech Accent Archive and STAT Steven H. Weinberger George Mason University Stephen Kunath Georgetown University http://accent.gmu.edu Outline Archive architecture

More information

Lexical stress placement by some Bilingual Malaysian speakers

Lexical stress placement by some Bilingual Malaysian speakers Lexical stress placement by some Bilingual Malaysian speakers Tan Siew Kuang, Rachel Faculty of Languages and Linguistics, University of Malaya tansk@um.edu.my Abstract In the first part of this study,

More information

Manner and place conflicts in the articulation of accent in Australian English

Manner and place conflicts in the articulation of accent in Australian English 3 Manner and place conflicts in the articulation of accent in Australian English J O N A T H A N H A R R I N G T O N, J A N E T F L E T C H E R A N D M A R Y E. B E C K M A N 3.1 Introduction Early experimental

More information

Pronunciation Considerations in ESL: Voice Quality Settings l John H. Esling University of Victoria

Pronunciation Considerations in ESL: Voice Quality Settings l John H. Esling University of Victoria 1 Pronunciation Considerations in ESL: Voice Quality Settings l John H. Esling University of Victoria Voice quality settings are the various composite postures or longterm features of speech. They include

More information

Raise Reading Achievement for Struggling Students. Intervention Appropriate GRADES 2 12 PROGRAM OVERVIEW. epsbooks.com/aor. ommon Core STATE STANDARDS

Raise Reading Achievement for Struggling Students. Intervention Appropriate GRADES 2 12 PROGRAM OVERVIEW. epsbooks.com/aor. ommon Core STATE STANDARDS Intervention Appropriate GRADES 2 12 RTI Aligned to the PROGRAM OVERVIEW ommon Core STATE STANDARDS Raise Reading Achievement for Struggling Students epsbooks.com/aor epsbooks.com/aor 1 Proven to Raise

More information

EN Engelsk fonetikk og uttale

EN Engelsk fonetikk og uttale EN-122 1 Engelsk fonetikk og uttale Oppgaver Oppgavetype Vurdering 1 EN-122 01/12-2015 Flervalg Automatisk poengsum 2 Not a phoneme of RP? Flervalg Automatisk poengsum 3 T/F Phonemes Sant/Usant Automatisk

More information

Phonetic and Phonological Aspects of Liquid Devoicing in Thai, Hungarian, and American English Stop-Liquid Sequences

Phonetic and Phonological Aspects of Liquid Devoicing in Thai, Hungarian, and American English Stop-Liquid Sequences UNIVERSITY OF ROCHESTER WORKING PAPERS IN THE LANGUAGE SCIENCES 5.1 (SUMMER 2009) Lehnert-LeHouillier, H. (2009). Phonetic and phonological aspects of liquid devoicing in Thai, Hungarian, and American

More information

English Accent Coach. May 2016 Volume 20, Number 1. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language.

English Accent Coach. May 2016 Volume 20, Number 1. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language. The Electronic Journal for English as a Second Language English Accent Coach May 2016 Volume 20, Number 1 Title Author URL Type of Product Minimum Hardware Price English Accent Coach Ron Thomson http://www.englishaccentcoach.com/

More information

Fact sheet What is pronunciation?

Fact sheet What is pronunciation? Fact sheet What is pronunciation? 1 These fact sheets have been developed by the AMEP Research Centre to provide AMEP teachers with information on areas of professional concern. They provide a summary

More information

Strategies to improve reading fluency skills. Nancy B. Swigert, M.A., CCC/SLP The Reading Center Lexington, KY 40503 Thereadingcenter@aol.

Strategies to improve reading fluency skills. Nancy B. Swigert, M.A., CCC/SLP The Reading Center Lexington, KY 40503 Thereadingcenter@aol. Strategies to improve reading fluency skills Nancy B. Swigert, M.A., CCC/SLP The Reading Center Lexington, KY 40503 Thereadingcenter@aol.com Goals for this session 1. Discuss the areas of skill (e.g. letter

More information

Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure

Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure Massachusetts Tests for Educator Licensure FIELD 90: FOUNDATIONS OF READING TEST OBJECTIVES Subarea Multiple-Choice Range of Objectives Approximate Test Weighting I. Foundations of Reading Development

More information

Using pronunciation data as a starting point in modeling word recognition

Using pronunciation data as a starting point in modeling word recognition Using pronunciation data as a starting point in modeling word recognition Mark A. Pitt and Keith Johnson Ohio State University, Columbus, OH E-mail: pitt.2@osu.edu, kjohnson@ling.ohio-state.edu ABSTRACT

More information

J A M I E S E L L H O R N. Based on research from the Florida Center for Reading Research:

J A M I E S E L L H O R N. Based on research from the Florida Center for Reading Research: J A M I E S E L L H O R N A M S I T & 3-6 C R E D E N T I A L S A N D O G C E R T I F I C A T I O N Based on research from the Florida Center for Reading Research: http://www.fcrr.org The more you read,

More information

Prosody and Intonation / April 14, 2005 Ted Gibson

Prosody and Intonation / April 14, 2005 Ted Gibson Prosody and Intonation 9.59 / 24.905 April 14, 2005 Ted Gibson Prosody and Intonation Definition of prosody Intonation: pitch and boundaries Timing within intonation phrases Stress Intonational phrasing

More information