Imperialism. The Spanish American War. And. Page1

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1 Imperialism And he Spanish American War Page1

2 SOL Standard USII.5a Reasons for the Spanish American War Protection of American Business interests in Cuba American support of Cuban rebels to gain independence from Spain Vocabulary Quiz Unit est: Rising tensions between Spain and the United States as a result of the sinking of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor Exaggerated news reports of events (yellow journalism) Unite Objective: Results of the Spanish American War he United States emerges as a world power Cuba gained independence from Spain he United States gained possession of the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico Extra Place to mark down HOMEWORK I YOU ORGE YOUR AGENDA Date: Date: Date: Page2

3 Vocabulary Practice - Imperialism and the Spanish American War 1. During the late 19 th and early 20 th centuries, many powerful countries, including the United States, took control of smaller, weaker countries. his is called the Age of. 2. he United States Hawaii, and it became part of the United States in Before the Civil War, the United States had a policy of, which means they stayed out of other countries problems and concentrated on themselves. 4. William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer were two newspaper owners who used the writing technique called to attract the reader s attention. 5. President Roosevelt made an addition to the Monroe Doctrine, warning European countries to stay out of Latin America. his addition was called the Roosevelt. 6. President Roosevelt changed the United States' from isolationism to imperialism. Page3

4 WORD DEINIION Annex Corollary Imperialism oreign Policy Isolationism Yellow Journalism Page4

5 Imperialism and the Spanish American War Anticipation Guide What I thought before the unit What I know after the unit he United States emerged (came out) as a world power after the Spanish American War. (USII.5a) he U.S. supported Spain during the Spanish American War. (USII.5a) U.S. wanted their businesses protected in Cuba, which is one reason why they became involved in the war. (USII.5a) he U.S.S. Maine exploded and caused Cuba to declare war on Spain. (USII.5a) Yellow journalism stories were printed in newspapers to help support Cuba s fight for independence. (USII.5a) At the end of the Spanish American War, Cuba became a territory of the United States. (USII.5a) he United States purchased Alaska from Russia. (USII.5a) he U.S. expanded their power to islands in the Pacific in the late 1800s. (USII.5a) he U.S. controlled Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines at the end of the Spanish American War. (USII.5a) heodore Roosevelt fought in the Spanish American War prior (before) to becoming president of the U.S. (USII.5b) he Monroe Doctrine told European countries to stay out of the Eastern Hemisphere. (USII.5b) he Roosevelt Corollary stated that the U.S. would allow European countries to interfere in the Western Hemisphere. (USII.5b) heodore Roosevelt coined the phrase Big Stick Diplomacy. (USII.5b) he U.S. had a foreign policy that included helping Latin American countries maintain their independence. (USII.5b) he construction of the Panama Canal was started by heodore Roosevelt. (USII.5b) Page5

6 Imperialism and the Spanish American War Introduction At the end of the Civil War, more and more Americans began moving west. hese people were putting the phrase Manifest Destiny into action. Once the U.S. expanded from the Atlantic Ocean to the Pacific Ocean, many Americans suggested that the United States continue expanding by moving outside of the their border. European countries were expanding their power by colonizing parts of Africa and Asia, and many people in the United States did not want to be left out of this time period of IMPERIALISM. Pretend you are an influential person in the U.S. government. You are given the task of creating a list of pros and cons about imperialism to share with the President of the United States. Write your list below. PROS (good) CONS (bad) What do I see? What do I know? What questions do I have? Page6

7 Practice: Reasons for the Spanish American War (CAUSES) and results of the Spanish American War (EECS CAUSE EECS Page7

8 Keywords and Main Ideas: Spanish American War Notes: Where is Cuba in relation to the United States? What body of water is it located in? Cuba s fight for independence started in the 1860s. What country were they fighting for independence from? Causes of the Spanish American War: 1. Americans felt sympathy towards Cubans. Why? 2. Newspapers used yellow journalism. What is this and how did it lead to war? 3. Some Americans had businesses in Cuba. What types of businesses were they? And why did this cause the U.S. to become involved? 4. he U.S.S. Maine exploded in Havana harbor. How did this lead to war? Effects of the Spanish American War: hree Sentence Summary Page8

9 President heodore Roosevelt and Big Stick Diplomacy Keywords and Main Ideas: oreign Policy: 19 th century (1800s): Notes: 20 th century (1900s): Roosevelt s Motto and Explanation: Roosevelt Corollary (an addition to the Monroe Doctrine): Importance of the Panama Canal: If you have to remember one thing about Roosevelt and his foreign policy, it would be: hree Sentence Summary of Roosevelt s Corollary: Page9

10 he United States Expands Its Power 1 3 4a 4b 2 5 4c Number Location Name a 4b 4c Why It Is Important Page10

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