# A change of classification in presentation in financial statements is a change of accounting policy (CAP) under IAS 8.

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2 Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F7 Financial Reporting December 2014 Answers Section A 1 A A change of classification in presentation in financial statements is a change of accounting policy (CAP) under IAS 8. 2 C 3 B Historical cost annual depreciation = \$90,000 ((500,000 x 90%)/5 years). After two years carrying amount would be \$320,000 (500,000 (2 x 90,000)). Current cost annual depreciation = \$108,000 ((600,000 x 90%)/5 years). After two years carrying amount would be \$384,000 (600,000 (2 x 108,000)). 4 C Although the invoiced amount is \$180,000, \$30,000 of this has not yet been earned and must be deferred until the servicing work has been completed. 5 C (i) is an onerous contract and (iii) the provision is still required if there is no intention to sell 6 B The total profit on the contract is expected to be \$1 million (5,000 (1, ,400)). At 30 September 2014 the profit recognised would be \$360,000 (1,000 x 1,800/5,000). Therefore the amount due from the customer would be: Cost to date 1,600 Profit recognised 360 Progress billings (1,800) Amount due from the customer D As the receivable is sold with recourse it must remain as an asset on the statement of financial position; it is not derecognised. 8 D The normal selling price of damaged inventory is \$300,000 (210/70%). This will now sell for \$240,000 (300,000 x 80%), and have a NRV of \$180,000 (240 (240 x 25%)). The expected loss on the inventory is \$30,000 (210 cost 180 NRV) and therefore the inventory should be valued at \$970,000 (1,000 30). 9 A Cash flow is (in \$ million): b/f dep + 3 disposal 2 revaluation 4 non-cash acquisition = D The investment no longer meets the definition of a subsidiary (ability to control) and therefore would not be consolidated. 17

3 11 A Year ended Cash flow Discount rate Discounted 30 September cash flows at 8% , ,295 Value of debt component 9,190 Difference value of equity option component 810 Proceeds 10, A Goodwill should be written off in full and the remaining loss is allocated pro rata to property plant and equipment and the product patent. B/f Loss Post loss \$ \$ \$ Property, plant and equipment 200,000 (45,455) 154,545 Goodwill 50,000 (50,000) nil Product patent 20,000 (4,545) 15,455 Net current assets (at NRV) 30,000 nil 30, ,000 (100,000) 200, B Correct for the reason given in the question. 14 C At 30 September 2014: Carrying amount = \$37 5 million (45,000 6,000 b/f 1,500 for 6 months; no further depreciation when classified as held for sale). Recoverable amount = \$36 8 million ((42,000 x 90%) 1,000). Therefore included at \$36 8 million (lower of carrying amount and fair value less cost to sell). 15 A A not-for-profit entity is not likely to have shareholders or earnings. 16 A Is the correct treatment for a bargain purchase (negative goodwill). 17 B Extraction provision at 30 September 2014 is \$2 5 million (250 x 10). Dismantling provision at 1 October 2013 is \$20 4 million (30,000 x 0 68). This will increase by an 8% finance cost by 30 September 2014 = \$22,032,000. Total provision is \$24,532, D Although the estimated NRV is lower than it was (due to fire damage), the entity will still make a profit on the inventory and thus it is not an indicator of impairment. 18

5 In a similar vein, when the asset turnover is calculated based on the equity purchase price and the commercial loan (equating to net assets), it falls from 2 36 times to 1 75 times which is above, but much closer to, the sector average of 1 67 times. In summary, Hydan s adjusted results would still be slightly ahead of the sector averages in most areas and may well justify the anticipated purchase price of \$30 million; however, Hydan will be nowhere near the excellently performing company suggested by the reported figures and Xpand needs to exercise a degree of caution in its negotiations. 2 (a) Kandy Schedule of retained earnings of Kandy as at 30 September 2014 Retained earnings per trial balance 17,500 Adjustments re: Note (i) Add back issue costs of loan note (w (i)) 1,000 Loan finance costs (29,000 x 9% (w (i))) (2,610) Note (ii) Depreciation of buildings (w (ii)) (2,600) Depreciation of plant and equipment (w (ii)) (3,000) Note (iii) Income tax expense (w (iii)) (800) Adjusted retained earnings 9,490 (b) Kandy Statement of financial position as at 30 September 2014 Assets Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment (44, ,000 (w (ii))) 65,400 Current assets (per trial balance) 68,700 Total assets 134,100 Equity and liabilities Equity Equity shares of \$1 each 40,000 Revaluation surplus (12,000 2,400 (w (ii) and (iii))) 9,600 Retained earnings (from (a)) 9,490 19,090 59,090 Non-current liabilities Deferred tax (w (iii)) 4,400 6% loan note (w (i)) 29,810 34,210 Current liabilities Per trial balance 38,400 Current tax payable 2,400 40,800 Total equity and liabilities 134,100 Workings (monetary figures in brackets in ) (i) Loan note The issue costs should be deducted from the proceeds of the loan note and not charged as an expense. The finance cost of the loan note, at the effective rate of 9% applied to the carrying amount of the loan note of \$29 million (30,000 1,000), is \$2,610,000. The interest actually paid is \$1 8 million. The difference between these amounts of \$810,000 (2,610 1,800) is added to the carrying amount of the loan note to give \$29,810,000 (29, ) for inclusion as a non-current liability in the statement of financial position. (ii) Non-current assets Land and buildings The gain on revaluation and carrying amount of the land and buildings will be: Carrying amount at 1 October 2013 (55,000 20,000) 35,000 Revaluation at that date (8, ,000) 47,000 Gain on revaluation 12,000 Buildings depreciation for the year ended 30 September 2014 (39,000/15 years) (2,600) Carrying amount at 30 September 2014 (47,000 2,600) 44,400 20

6 (iii) Plant and equipment Carrying amount at 1 October 2013 (58,500 34,500) 24,000 Depreciation for year ended 30 September 2014 (12% reducing balance) (3,000) Carrying amount at 30 September ,000 Taxation Income tax expense Provision for year ended 30 September ,400 Less over-provision in previous year (1,100) Deferred tax (see below) (500) 800 Deferred tax Provision required at 30 September 2014 ((10, ,000) x 20%) 4,400 Provision at 1 October 2013 (2,500) Movement in provision 1,900 Charge to revaluation of land and buildings (12,000 x 20%) (2,400) Balance credit to profit or loss (500) 3 (a) Plastik Consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income for the year ended 30 September 2014 Revenue (62,600 + (30,000 x 9/12) (300 x 9 months intra-group sales)) 82,400 Cost of sales (w (i)) (61,320) Gross profit 21,080 Distribution costs (2,000 + (1,200 x 9/12)) (2,900) Administrative expenses (3,500 + (1,800 x 9/12) goodwill impairment) (5,350) Finance costs ( (w (v))) (335) Profit before tax 12,495 Income tax expense (3,100 + (1,000 x 9/12)) (3,850) Profit for the year 8,645 Other comprehensive income Gain on revaluation of property (1, ) 2,100 Total comprehensive income 10,745 Profit for year attributable to: Equity holders of the parent (balance) 8,465 Non-controlling interest (w (ii)) 180 8,645 Total comprehensive income attributable to: Equity holders of the parent (balance) 10,445 Non-controlling interest (180 above + (600 x 20%)) ,745 21

7 (b) Plastik Consolidated statement of financial position as at 30 September 2014 Assets Non-current assets Property, plant and equipment (w (iii)) 37,100 Intangible asset: goodwill (w (iv)) 5,200 42,300 Current assets Inventory (4, , URP (w (i))) 5,380 Trade receivables (4, ,500 1,200 intra-group) 6,000 Bank ,680 Total assets 53,980 Equity and liabilities Equity attributable to owners of the parent Equity shares of \$1 each ((10, ,800) w (iv)) 14,800 Other component of equity (share premium) (w (iv)) 9,600 Revaluation surplus (2,000 + (600 x 80%)) 2,480 Retained earnings (w (v)) 6,765 33,645 Non-controlling interest (w (vi)) 4,800 Total equity 38,445 Non-current liabilities 10% loan notes (2, ,000 1,000 intra-group) 2,500 Current liabilities Trade payables (3, , intra-group) 6,200 Current tax payable (2, ) 3,600 Deferred consideration (1, w (v)) 1,935 Bank (1, cash in transit) 1,300 13,035 Total equity and liabilities 53,980 (c) IFRS 3 Business Combinations addresses the recognition of separable intangibles assets. Both of the items which the directors of Plastik have identified in the acquisition of Dilemma should be recognised as separate intangible assets on the acquisition of Dilemma. Both IFRS 3 Business Combinations and IAS 38 Intangible Assets require in-process research in a business combination to be separately recognised at its fair value provided this can be reliably measured (\$1 2 million in this case). The recognition of customer list as an intangible asset is a specific illustrative example given in IFRS 3 (IE 24) and should also be recognised at its fair value of \$3 million. Workings (note figure in brackets are in ) (i) Cost of sales Plastik 45,800 Subtrak (24,000 x 9/12) 18,000 Intra-group purchases (300 x 9 months) (2,700) URP in inventory (600 x 25/125) 120 Additional depreciation on property ,320 (ii) Non-controlling interests in Subtrak s profit or loss Subtrak s profit as reported 2,000 9/12 post-acquisition = 1,500 Deduct: Additional depreciation on property (100) Goodwill impairment (500) Adjusted post-acquisition profit 900 x 20% non-controlling interest

8 (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) Non-current assets Plastik 18,700 Subtrak 13,900 Fair value increase at acquisition 4,000 Additional depreciation on property (100) Fair value increase since acquisition ,100 Goodwill in Subtrak Investment at cost Shares (9,000 x 80% x 2/3 x \$3) 14,400 Deferred consideration (9,000 x 80% x 27 5 cents x 1/1 1) 1,800 Non-controlling interest (9,000 x 20% x \$2 50) 4,500 20,700 Net assets (equity) of Subtrak at 30 September 2014 (12,500) Less post-acquisition profits (2,000 x 9/12) 1,500 Fair value adjustment: property (4,000) Net assets at date of acquisition (15,000) Goodwill on consolidation 5,700 Impairment as at 30 September 2014 (500) 5,200 Note: The 4 8 million (9,000 x 80% x 2/3) shares issued by Plastik at \$3 each would be recorded as share capital of \$4 8 million (4,800 x \$1) and share premium of \$9 6 million (4,800 x \$2). Retained earnings Plastik 6,300 Subtrak s post-acquisition adjusted profit (900 (w (ii)) x 80%) 720 Finance costs on deferred consideration (1,800 x 10% x 9/12) (135) Unrealised profit in inventory (w (i)) (120) 6,765 Alternative calculation Plastik s retained earnings at 30 September ,300 Less Plastik s profit for the year (8,000) Consolidated profit for the year from part (a) 8,465 6,765 Non-controlling interest in statement of financial position At date of acquisition (w (iv)) 4,500 Post-acquisition from statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income 300 4,800 23

9 Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F7 Financial Reporting December 2014 Marking Scheme This marking scheme is given as a guide in the context of the suggested answers. Scope is given to markers to award marks for alternative approaches to a question, including relevant comment, and where well-reasoned conclusions are provided. This is particularly the case for written answers where there may be more than one acceptable solution. Marks Section A 2 marks per question 40 Section B 1 (a) 1 marks per ratio 6 (b) 1 mark per valid point. A good answer must emphasise the different interpretation when using adjusted figures 9 Total for question 15 2 (a) Schedule of retained earnings as at 30 September 2014 retained earnings per trial balance issue costs 1 loan finance costs 1 depreciation charges 2 income tax expense 1 6 (b) Statement of financial position property, plant and equipment 2 current assets equity shares revaluation surplus 2 deferred tax 1 6% loan note 1 current liabilities (per trial balance) current tax payable 1 9 Total for question 15 25

10 Marks 3 (a) Consolidated statement of profit or loss and other comprehensive income: revenue 1 cost of sales 2 distribution costs administrative expenses (including goodwill impairment) 1 finance costs 1 income tax expense gain on revaluation of properties 1 non-controlling interest: profit for the year 1 total comprehensive income 1 10 (b) Consolidated statement of financial position: property, plant and equipment 2 goodwill 2 inventory 1 trade receivables 1 bank equity shares 1 other component of equity (share premium) 1 revaluation surplus 1 retained earnings 1 non-controlling interest 1 10% loan notes 1 trade payables 1 taxation deferred consideration 1 bank overdraft 1 17 (c) Recognition of: research 2 customer list 1 3 Total for question 30 26

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