Basic NAP Provisions. Eligible Crops for NAP Assistance. Continue - Eligible Crops. Continue Ineligible Crops. Ineligible Crops for NAP Assistance 1-1

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1 Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) Basic NAP Provisions The Noninsured Crop Disaster Assistance Program (NAP) provides financial assistance to eligible producers affected by natural disasters. This federally funded program covers noninsurable crop losses NAP(Rev.1) Par Eligible Crops for NAP Assistance NAP assistance will be made available for any commercially produced: crop grown for food crop planted and grown for livestock consumption, including, but not limited to grain, and seeded and native forage crops 1-NAP (Rev.1)Par. 1 & Continue - Eligible Crops crops grown for fiber, excluding trees grown for wood, paper, or pulp products aquacultural species, including ornamental fish floriculture crops ornamental nursery Christmas tree crops turf grass sod 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par. 1 &171 seed crops 1-4 Ineligible Crops for NAP Assistance crop acreage for which individual CAT level coverage is available in the county Note: NAP covers eligible losses caused by natural disaster that are not named as an insurable peril under a crop insurance policy crops that cannot be marketed as food or fiber Continue Ineligible Crops crop acreage for which COC determined good faith farming practices are not being applied home gardens or crops not being produced for commercial sale experimental crops volunteer stands, except native 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par forage 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par

2 Who is an Eligible Producer? An owner, landlord, tenant, or sharecropper who: shares in the risk of producing the crop is entitled to share in the crop available for marketing from the farm or would have shared had the crop been produced Verifying Producer Eligibility To determine producer eligibility one of the following shall be obtained as determined by COC: Copies of signed leases Copies of signed rental agreements Statement signed by landowner that the producer had control of the acreage Statement signed by operator or producer that producer had control of the acreage on a farm 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par NAP(Rev.1) Par What is an Eligible Natural Disaster? An eligible natural disaster is any of the following: damaging weather, such as drought, excessive moisture, or hurricane an adverse natural occurrence, such as earthquake or flood a condition related to damaging weather or adverse natural occurrence, such as excessive heat or insect infestation. Tennessee Flooding W. TN NAP(Rev.1) Par. 21 A Ineligible Causes of Loss Tornado Damage Mississippi River Flood NAP Assistance will not be provided for losses or prevented planting of the following but is not limited to: Failure of the producer to reseed or replant to the same crop if it is practicable to reseed or replant (before final planting date) Failure of the producer to follow good farming practices. Inadequate supply of irrigation water at the beginning of the planting period, except for tree and perennial crops NAP(Rev.1) Par. 21 B

3 Ineligible Causes of Loss, cont. Failure or breakdown of irrigation equipment or facilities Quarantine that is imposed by county, State or Federal government agency Wildlife damage Coverage Period for NAP The coverage period for NAP may vary depending on whether you grow annual, perennial, or value loss crops. For perennial crops: Begins 30 calendar days after the application closing date 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par NAP(Rev.1) Par. 21 B Continue Coverage Period for NAP- perennial crops Ends the earlier or 1 of the following: 10 months from the application closing date the date harvest is complete the normal harvest date abandonment of the crop total destruction of the crop 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par. 22 Continue Coverage Period for NAP- annual crops Begins the later of either of the following: 30 calendar days after the date of the FSA- 471 is filed The date the crop is planted, not to exceed the final planting date 1-NAP(Rev. 1) Par Continue Coverage Period for NAP- annual crops Ends the earlier of 1 of the following: The date harvest is complete The normal harvest date in the area Abandonment of the crop Total destruction of the crop 1-NAP(Rev. 1) Par. 22 Continue Coverage Period for NAP- value loss crops Begins October 1 Note: The application closing date must be established at least 30 calendar days before coverage begins. Ends the last date of the crop year September 30 th. 1-NAP(Rev. 1) Par

4 Continue Coverage Period for NAP- biennial and perennial forage crops Begins the later of either of the following: 30 calendar days after the application closing date The date following the normal harvest date of the previous crop year Continue Coverage Period for NAP- biennial and perennial forage crops Ends the earlier of either of the following: On the normal harvest date The date the crop is abandoned or destroyed 1-NAP(Rev. 1) Par NAP(Rev. 1) Par Prevented Planting 2007 and Future Years A producer must meet all requirements in 2- CP, subparagraph 24 G to establish intent to plant. Ineligible Acreage for Prevented Planting: Value loss crops Acreage planted during the late-planting period Acreage for which the provisions in 2-CP, subparagraph 24 D are not met 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par Late Planting Coverage Reduction Par COC must assign production according to paragraph 329 (Assigning Production) for certain crop acreage planted during the applicable late-planting periods. Late planting provisions do not apply to the following: Crops with multiple planting periods Crops with a growing season of 60 calendar days or less Value loss crops Fall-planted small grain crops only intended for grain. 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par How Much Production Must Be Lost to Receive a NAP Payment The natural disaster must have either: reduced the expected unit production of the crop by more than 50 percent; or prevented from planting more than 35 percent of the intended crop acreage Quality Losses The quantity of a crop, or value for a value loss crop, will not be reduced for any quality consideration unless a zero value can be established. If the quantity of a type or variety of a crop suffers a loss of quality, the quantity shall be counted as production of the crop unless, because of condition, the quantity has no potential value in any established market for the commodity anywhere. 1-NAP (Rev. 1) Par & NAP(Rev.1) Par

5 What is a Unit NAP covered unit includes the specific crop acreage in the administrative county in which a producer has a unique crop interest: 100 percent interest; or shared interest with other producers Examples of Units John Smith has a 100% share in the pumpkin crop on FSN 400, FSN 321, and FSN 36. Q. How many units will John Smith have on pumpkins? 1-NAP (Rev.1) Par Examples of Units Larry Mills owns/operates FSN 465 a 25% share in a pepper crop with John Smith, and John Smith has a 75% share in a pepper crop on FSN 750 with Mark Clark. Q. How many units will John Smith have on peppers? NAP Loss Coverage NAP covers the amount of loss greater than 50 percent of the expected production, based on the approved yield and reported acreage Variance Variance is the number of acres that the reported acreage may differ from the determined acreage without either of the following: The total loss of benefits The overall accuracy of the acreage report being questioned Variance, cont Variance for NAP crop acreage and production reports is 5 percent. Variance will be calculated using all crop types within the pay group. 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par NAP(Rev.1) Par

6 Variance, cont. Variance, cont. STEP CALCULATION CROP REPORTED ACRES DETERMINED ACRES BEANS: Green, Pinto and Wax 1 Add total reported irrigated and non-irrigated crop acreage for the pay group together before calculated tolerance 2 Subtract official and measured acreage from the total reported acreage. 3 Multiply the result of Step 2 times 5 percent to determine the acreage of variance. Out of Variance Green Pinto 10 5 Wax 10 4 Total: Exceeds 5 percent out variance Within Variance Green Pinto Wax 10 9 Total: Does not exceed 5 percent within Variance NAP(Rev.1) Par NAP(Rev.1) Par. 39 Payment Crop Code Payment Type Code The payment crop code identifies the crop for the specified crop, crop type, and/or intended use. The payment type code identifies how the types and intended uses for a specified crop will be grouped. 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par. 170 C 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par. 170 D Type or Variety of a Crop A type or variety of a crop is a scientifically recognized subspecies of a crop having a particular characteristic or set of characteristics (Pay Type). For example: Multiple Harvested Crops Crops that are harvested more than once during the same crop year from the same plant. CROP Watermelon Beans Squash TYPES OR VARIETIES Seedless, Striped, Jubilee, Sugar Babies Pinto, Light Red Kidney, Pea/Navy, Small White Zucchini, Acorn, Summer, Spaghetti Production for all harvest must be included to determine yield potential and loss. 1-NAP(Rev.1) Par NAP(Rev.1) Par

7 Multiple Harvest Crops Cont d Multiple Harvest Crops Cont d Determining a Loss Cannot be determined until all harvest periods are complete for the year. An appraisal is completed as close to the normal harvest date as possible for each cutting. Alfalfa Yield potential by cutting First cutting = 35% Second cutting = 30% Third cutting = 20% Forth cutting = 15% 1-NAP, (Rev.1), Paragraph NAP, (Rev.1), Paragraph Forage Crop Definition Forage Crop Harvest Forage is defined as alfalfa, alfalfa mixtures, and other hay. 60% pure stand to classify as forage crop otherwise it is a mixed forage. Other Hay Small grain forages Sorghum forage Soybean forage 1-NAP, (Rev.1), par Mechanical Harvest and Graze same acres. Producer must designate 1 intended method of harvest for the forage acreage. Intended use may NOT be revised. 1-NAP, (Rev.1), paragraph 194 & 2-CP (Rev.15), paragraph 22C 1-40 Forage Crop Mechanical Harvested When certified as mechanically harvested on acreage report, COF will always use mechanically harvested provisions under the forage crop definition when determining % loss. Mechanically harvested Actual Production to determine loss Forage Crop Mechanically Harvested Mechanically Harvested then grazed Actual production, then establish representative areas for appraisal prior to grazing. Appraise at normal harvest times. (For the Specific Crop) Abandon or Destroy Appraise 1-NAP, (Rev.1), par NAP, (Rev.1), Par

8 Forage Crop Mechanically Harvested Cont d Grazed Only: Producer provides acceptable record for both: The acreage for which the notice of loss is filed was planted to the same forage type and intended use for 3 out of the 5 previous years And evidence of forage production has been provided for 3 out of the 5 previous years Then the loss shall be determined based on appraisal from controlled grazing areas at the normal harvest end date and prior to first frost. 1-NAP, (Rev.1), Par Forage Crop Mechanically Harvested Cont d Grazed Only Cont d The producer does not provide verifiable records of planting the same acreage to the same forage type and intended use and/or does not provide production evidence from the forage acreage in 3 out of the previous 5 years Then the loss is determined by similar mechanically harvested forage on the same farm first, if not available then look to similar farms, if not available then 2 independent assessors. 1-NAP, (Rev.1), Para Mechanically Harvested Forage for Seed Paragraph 194.5D Determining Loss on Forage when Intended use is Seed. Never appraise seed production. Producer must actually harvest plot with combine. Must have Pure Live Seed (PLS). Forage Crop Grazed Forage When the intended use is Graze on the FSA-578 Never do an appraisal Loss determined by similar mechanical harvested acres Or two independent assessors Small Grain Forage Grain/Graze = Loss determined by similar mechanical harvested crop or assessors. Grazing stops March 15 th. Graze Out = Loss determined by similar mechanical harvested crop or assessors. Grazing period ends May 1 st. Notice of Loss CCC-576 Producers report of loss or damage to a crop. Explanation of what has been and/or intent for the future of the crop. Recording Production Actual Appraised Assigned Application for Payment

9 Reporting a Loss Notice of loss report must be submitted within 15 calendar days after; Disaster occurrence or date damage to the crop is apparent to the producer. Final planting date for prevented planting. Filed for each weather related event. Producer Choices Carry the damaged crop to harvest. Determine if claim of loss is an eligible cause. No appraisal wait for actual harvested production. Destroy or Abandon the Crop Verify claimed cause of loss. LA determines when crop is released for destruction. Appraisal to be done as close to normal harvest as possible. Producer maybe required to leave representative strips in field to accommodate an appraisal Producer Harvest the Crop Producer must provide acceptable documentation of harvested production. Warehouse ledger sheets. Sales receipts Weight tickets Invoices for Custom Harvesting Ledgers of Income Measurement by LA for Farm-Stored Production. Measurement, Appraisal, or Service Fees If providing a service such as determining production for APH purposes. A fee is required to paid from whom requested the service. If providing a service such as determining production and a approved notice of loss has been filed, then all fees are waived When to Appraise Method of Appraisals Producer wishes to destroy and/or abandon the crop. An eligible disaster occurred & crop will not be taken to harvest. Changes intentions of crop disposition (grass for hay to grass for graze) There is a poor stand, it is past the final planting date and wants to work up the ground. Producer ceases harvest on all hand picked Perform appraisals according to Loss Adjustment Manual standards as set forth by the Risk Management Association. (RMA) If there is no manual for a specific crop then select a crop manual that is close in characteristics to follow and document what you have done. or u-pick crops

10 Appraisal Results Recorded on the CCC LA is responsible for reviewing with producer and obtaining producer signature. Return to County Office. Disputed Appraisal Complete a second appraisal. Results are the same; Producer must pay a service fee. Results are different; Service fee is waived record of production documentation is corrected CCC-471 ACD NAP Life Cycle

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