# 2.996/6.971 Biomedical Devices Design Laboratory Lecture 2: Fundamentals and PCB Layout

Save this PDF as:

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "2.996/6.971 Biomedical Devices Design Laboratory Lecture 2: Fundamentals and PCB Layout"

## Transcription

1 2.996/6.971 Biomedical Devices Design Laboratory Lecture 2: Fundamentals and PCB Layout Instructor: Hong Ma Sept. 12, 2007

2 Fundamental Elements Resistor (R) Capacitor (C) Inductor (L) Voltage Source Current Source Enough to model any physical linear circuit

3 Fundamental Relationships Ohm s law: R = V / I KVL, KCL Conservation laws Impedance: 1 Z C = ZL = jωc Treat capacitors and inductors as resistors Fundamental question: jωl Given an arbitrary circuit, what happens when you hook up another circuit up to it?

4 Thevenin-Norton Equivalents Represent an arbitrary circuit using a source and a source impedance Thevenin and Norton representation is equivalent Result: Reduce all circuits into one fundamental circuit

5 Source and Load Sources Power supply Signal Generator Sensor Amplifier output Loads Actuator Measurement device Amplifier input Optimize for Voltage: Z LOAD >> Z SOURCE Optimize for Current: Z LOAD << Z SOURCE Optimize for Power: Z LOAD = Z SOURCE Purpose of amplifier / active circuit: impedance transform

6 Simple Filters RC Low pass RC high pass Bandpass Bandstop (notch)

7 Simple Cascaded Filters What if 2 stages are needed?

8 Practical Introduction to Passive Components

9 Resistors Range: 1Ω to 22MΩ Carbon composite (axial) 5% accuracy typical Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of resistors. Wirewound 1% accuracy typical Thick film (Screen printed / electroplated) Accuracies down to 1% Thin film (Vacuum deposited) Accuracies down to 0.1% Temperature coefficient: ppm / C

10 Potentiometer Concerns: Over-usage Wiper skips not all values are achievable Mechanical stability multi-turn not necessarily better Courtesy of PagerMotors.com. Used with permission.

11 Practical Capacitor Considerations Accuracy: ±10% typical Effective series capacitance Dielectric soakage (dielectric absorption) Temperature dependence C ESR

12 Ceramic Capacitors Most common type 1pF to 1µF Accuracy Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of ceramic capacitors. Through-Hole ±20% SMT ±10% Low ESR, loss tangent Temperature coefficient Z5U, X7R, C0G (NP0) Cost = ~\$0.01 in quantity

13 Aluminum Electrolytic Capacitors Primary use: power supply bypassing Range: 1µF 1F Typical: 100µF Cost: ~\$0.10 depending on size Polar, designated by the negative terminal Will blow up if reverse biased Nonpolar versions available Very inaccurate Typical tolerance: +80%, -20% Limited lifetime High ESR, loss tangent = R/Xc 0.2 Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of aluminum electrolytic capacitors.

14 Tantalum Electrolytics Similar to aluminum electrolytics, but better energy density More expensive than aluminum electrolytics Range: 0.1µF to 1000µF Polarity designated by the positive terminal Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of tantalum electrolytics.

15 Double Layer Capacitors Extremely high capacitance Range 0.1F 1000F Low voltage rating Used for energy storage Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of double layer capacitors.

16 Specialty Capacitors: Polypropylene Improved performance: Accuracy ESR at high frequencies Low dielectric soakage Temperature stability Higher breakdown voltage Tradeoffs Larger size Smaller range of values Higher cost: ~\$0.10 Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo of polypropylene capacitor.

17 Power Supply Bypassing Ideal sources do not exist! Source impedance increases with frequency Ceramic capacitor on each IC component Electrolytic on both sides of the power supply

18 Practical Inductors Inaccurate (at best ±10%) Expensive Parasitics All inductors self resonate Avoid whenever possible Images removed due to copyright restrictions. Photo examples of practical inductors.

19 Where to find information / parts Manufacturer s website: datasheet & samples Distributors: Digikey Mouser Newark Meta search engine:

20 PCB Layers Image removed due to copyright restrictions. Substrate FR-4 standard; Specialty: G-10, polyimide (Kapton), ceramic Standard thicknesses: 0.062, Copper 2, 4, up to 12 layers Minimum trace/spacing 6 mil, smaller is possible Thickness: 1 oz copper = 500 µω per square Exposed copper tin ed with solder Interlayer connection by vias; Blind and buried vias = \$\$\$ Soldermask very important Hydrophobic to solder Silkscreen

21 PCB Layout Error Sources Capacitive interference Inductive interference Electromagnetic interference Need a ground plane but why?!? Image removed due to copyright restrictions.

22 Capacitive Interference Cause: capacitance between nearby traces When to watch out for it: High impedance circuit nodes High-voltage excitation signals High frequency signals How to avoid it: Lower the circuit impedance Use groundplanes and shielding to isolate signal lines Boot-strap to reduce capacitance to ground Separate analog and digital ground planes

23 Inductive Interference Cause: mutual inductance between traces When to watch out for it: Large AC current Transient switching Long traces Loops

24 How to Avoid Inductive Interference Keep traces short Make traces perpendicular Use star power / ground routing Reduce loop area Careful use of ground planes Watch out for return lines Image removed due to copyright restrictions. See Figure 12 here:

25 Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) Cause: long traces/wires acting as an antenna When to watch out for it: Length > 1/20 wavelength Source of interference Wireless communication (900MHz, 2.4GHz, 5GHz) FM radio Microwave oven Lightning, solar flares, cosmic rays High speed processors Real products must pass FCC and CE testing

26 Ferrite Bead A lossy inductor Resistor at high frequencies Example photos removed due to copyright restrictions.

27 Where to put the ground planes? Ground planes outside, signals inside: Essentially eliminate capacitive interference Ground planes inside, signal outside: Ground plane with frewer interruptions Image removed due to copyright restrictions.

28 Project Teams

### When we do not get specific resistor values we have to either use variable resistors such as

RESISTOR COMBINATIONS When we do not get specific resistor values we have to either use variable resistors such as potentiometers or presets to obtain such precise values. Pots are too expensive to use

### Since any real component also has loss due to the resistive component, the average power dissipated is 2 2R

Quality factor, Q Reactive components such as capacitors and inductors are often described with a figure of merit called Q. While it can be defined in many ways, it s most fundamental description is: Q

### The PCB is a component of op amp design

Amplifiers: Op Amps Texas Instruments Incorporated The PCB is a component of op amp design By Bruce Carter Senior Applications Specialist Most analog designers are familiar with how to use ICs and passive

### SELECTION GUIDE. Nominal Input

www.murata-ps.com NKE Series FEATURES RoHS Compliant Sub-Miniature SIP & DIP Styles 3kVDC Isolation UL Recognised Wide Temperature performance at full 1 Watt load, 40 C to 85 C Increased Power Density

### Understanding Power Impedance Supply for Optimum Decoupling

Introduction Noise in power supplies is not only caused by the power supply itself, but also the load s interaction with the power supply (i.e. dynamic loads, switching, etc.). To lower load induced noise,

### Application Note AN:005. FPA Printed Circuit Board Layout Guidelines. Introduction Contents. The Importance of Board Layout

FPA Printed Circuit Board Layout Guidelines By Paul Yeaman Principal Product Line Engineer V I Chip Strategic Accounts Introduction Contents Page Introduction 1 The Importance of 1 Board Layout Low DC

### PRACTICAL RF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD DESIGN

PRACTICAL RF PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD DESIGN Geoff Smithson. Overview The electrical characteristics of the printed circuit board (PCB) used to physically mount and connect the circuit components in a high

### Modeling Physical Interconnects (Part 3)

Modeling Physical Interconnects (Part 3) Dr. José Ernesto Rayas Sánchez 1 Outline Vias Vias in PCBs Types of vias in PCBs Pad and antipad Nonfunctional pads Modeling vias Calculating circuit element values

### Sophomore Physics Laboratory (PH005/105)

CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY PHYSICS MATHEMATICS AND ASTRONOMY DIVISION Sophomore Physics Laboratory (PH5/15) Analog Electronics Active Filters Copyright c Virgínio de Oliveira Sannibale, 23 (Revision

### " PCB Layout for Switching Regulators "

1 " PCB Layout for Switching Regulators " 2 Introduction Linear series pass regulator I L V IN V OUT GAIN REF R L Series pass device drops the necessary voltage to maintain V OUT at it s programmed value

### Precision Analog Designs Demand Good PCB Layouts. John Wu

Precision Analog Designs Demand Good PCB Layouts John Wu Outline Enemies of Precision: Hidden components Noise Crosstalk Analog-to-Analog Digital-to-Analog EMI/RFI Poor Grounds Thermal Instability Leakage

### EMI Filter Hints and Tips

EMI Filter Hints and Tips 2010 Stephen Hopwood - Snr Engineer Syfer Technology are a Dover CMP Company based in Norwich England. World leading manufacturers of ceramic passive components, their filter

### Do's and Don'ts for PCB Layer Stack-up. By Pragnesh Patel & Ronak Shah

Do's and Don'ts for PCB Layer Stack-up By Pragnesh Patel & Ronak Shah 1. Introduction Each day the electronic gadgets complexity increases with the miniaturization requirements, boards are becoming much

### CMR Series Isolated 0.75W Single and Dual Output Isolated DC/DC Converters

www.murata-ps.com CMR Series SELECTION GUIDE FEATURES Single or Dual Isolated Outputs 1kVDC or 3kVDC options Wide temperature performance at full 0.75W load -40 C to 85C Industry Standard Pinouts 5V, 12V

### PCB Design Guidelines for LVDS Technology

PCB Design Guidelines for LVDS Technology INTRODUCTION Technology advances has generated devices operating at clock speeds exceeding 100 MHz With higher clock rates and pico seconds edge rate devices PCB

2A3 Push-Pull Tube Amplifier User Manual Analog Metric sales@analogmetric.com Copyright 2009 All Rights Reserved INTRODUCTION This kit employs commonly used triode 2A3 vacuum tubes in push-pull configuration.

### UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROLLING COMMON-MODE EMISSIONS IN HIGH-POWER ELECTRONICS

Page 1 UNDERSTANDING AND CONTROLLING COMMON-MODE EMISSIONS IN HIGH-POWER ELECTRONICS By Henry Ott Consultants Livingston, NJ 07039 (973) 992-1793 www.hottconsultants.com hott@ieee.org Page 2 THE BASIC

### Hardware Design Considerations for MCR20A IEEE Devices

Freescale Semiconductor Application Note Document Number: AN5003 Rev. 0, 07/2015 Hardware Design Considerations for MCR20A IEEE 802.15.4 Devices 1 Introduction This application note describes Printed Circuit

### PCB Layout Design Guidelines for Radio Board Using the MC13853 LNA

Freescale Semiconductor Application Note Document Number: AN3585 Rev. 1.1, 07/2008 PCB Layout Design Guidelines for Radio Board Using the MC13853 LNA 1 Abstract Radio printed circuit boards (PCB) must

### Low Noise Printed Circuit Board Design

Low Noise Printed Circuit Board Design Matt Affeldt November 16, 2012 Design Team 6 ECE480 Keywords: Low Noise, Impedance, Capacitance, PCB, Printed Circuit Board, layout, design Summary: This application

### Student Name Instructor Name. High School or Vocational Center Grade. COMPETENCY RECORD FOR ARTICULATION Muskegon Community College Electronics

Student Name Instructor Name High School or Vocational Center Grade COMPETENCY RECORD FOR ARTICULATION Muskegon Community College Electronics Please check below each skill the student has mastered as described,

### Impedance Matching and Matching Networks. Valentin Todorow, December, 2009

Impedance Matching and Matching Networks Valentin Todorow, December, 2009 RF for Plasma Processing - Definition of RF What is RF? The IEEE Standard Dictionary of Electrical and Electronics Terms defines

### NMA 5V, 12V & 15V Series Isolated 1W Dual Output DC/DC Converters

www.murata-ps.com NMA 5V, 12V & 15V Series FEATURES RoHS compliant Efficiency up to 80% Power density up to 0.85W/cm 3 Wide temperature performance at full 1 Watt load, 40 C to 85 C Dual output from a

### ESD CONSIDERATIONS IN HIGH SPEED CIRCUITS

Integrated Technology, Inc. ESD CONSIDERATIONS IN HIGH SPEED CIRCUITS APPLICATION NOTE AN-123 By Stanley Hronik INTRODUCTION The primary cause of component failure in high speed logic circuits is electrostatic

### Low Power RF Designs Layout Review Techniques. Suyash Jain FAE Training Oslo January 2011

Low Power RF Designs Layout Review Techniques Suyash Jain FAE Training Oslo January 2011 1 Abstract The presentation provides guidelines and a checklist to copy TI reference designs for optimum performance.

### Evaluation Board for Filterless Class-D Audio Amplifier EVAL-SSM2315

Evaluation Board for Filterless Class-D Audio Amplifier EVAL-SSM2315 FEATURES Single-ended and differential input capability Multiple input interface connection options (jack or header) Optimized EMI suppression

### ILB, ILBB Ferrite Beads

ILB, ILBB Ferrite Beads Electro-Magnetic Interference and Electro-Magnetic Compatibility (EMI/EMC) avid B. Fancher Inductive Products ivision INTROUCTION Manufacturers of electrical and electronic equipment

### Prototyping Printed Circuit Boards

Prototyping Printed Circuit Boards From concept to prototype to production. (HBRC) PCB Design and Fabrication Agenda Introduction Why PCBs? Stage 1 Understanding the rules Stage 2 Planning the board. Stage

### AVX EMI SOLUTIONS Ron Demcko, Fellow of AVX Corporation Chris Mello, Principal Engineer, AVX Corporation Brian Ward, Business Manager, AVX Corporation

AVX EMI SOLUTIONS Ron Demcko, Fellow of AVX Corporation Chris Mello, Principal Engineer, AVX Corporation Brian Ward, Business Manager, AVX Corporation Abstract EMC compatibility is becoming a key design

### Yet More On Decoupling, Part 1: The Regulator s Interaction with capacitors Kendall Castor-Perry

Page 1 of 6 Yet More On Decoupling, Part 1: The Regulator s Interaction with capacitors Kendall Castor-Perry In Know the sometimes-surprising interactions in modelling a capacitor-bypass network (http://www.planetanalog.com/showarticle.jhtml?articleid=202402836,

### DISCRETE COMPONENTS. George Hadley 2014, Images Property of their Respective Owners.

DISCRETE COMPONENTS George Hadley 2014, Images Property of their Respective Owners. OUTLINE Discrete Component Overview Passive Electrical Components (Resistors, Capacitors, Inductors) Semiconductor Components

### ICS379. Quad PLL with VCXO Quick Turn Clock. Description. Features. Block Diagram

Quad PLL with VCXO Quick Turn Clock Description The ICS379 QTClock TM generates up to 9 high quality, high frequency clock outputs including a reference from a low frequency pullable crystal. It is designed

### PL-277x Series SuperSpeed USB 3.0 SATA Bridge Controllers PCB Layout Guide

Application Note PL-277x Series SuperSpeed USB 3.0 SATA Bridge Controllers PCB Layout Guide Introduction This document explains how to design a PCB with Prolific PL-277x SuperSpeed USB 3.0 SATA Bridge

### Low Pass Filter Leadless Surface Mount Chip Inductor/Capacitors

Integrated ladder filter Small outline 0805 and 1206 sizes Low profile suitable for PCMCIA cards Nickel barrier terminations Monolithic construction Steep insertion loss Eliminates noise over a wide frequency

### AN810 DAA printed circuit board layout

INTEGRATED CIRCUITS ABSTRACT Despite the relatively simple interconnections in the DAA, extraordinary attention should be given to the layout of the DAA since it directly connects to the network. Both

### Effective Power Integrity Floor-Planning and Success Stories in Japan

Effective Power Integrity Floor-Planning and Success Stories in Japan Giga Hertz Technology Inc, CEO Ryuji Kawamura 1 Agenda 1. Early Stage PI analysis Needs 2. Basic PI theories 3. Floor-planning PI analysis

### 100 Watt RF Power Amplifier for 2 GHz

100 Watt RF Power Amplifier for 2 GHz Overview Old cellular phone base station modules operating in the 1.9 GHz band are starting to show up at ham fests. These devices are ripe for experimental applications

### Ultra Low Profile Silicon Capacitors (down to 80 µm) applied to Decoupling Applications. Results on ESR/ESL.

Ultra Low Profile Silicon Capacitors (down to 80 µm) applied to Decoupling Applications. Results on ESR/ESL. Laurent Lengignon, Laëtitia Omnès, Frédéric Voiron IPDiA, 2 rue de la girafe, 14000 Caen, France

### IDT80HSPS1616 PCB Design Application Note - 557

IDT80HSPS1616 PCB Design Application Note - 557 Introduction This document is intended to assist users to design in IDT80HSPS1616 serial RapidIO switch. IDT80HSPS1616 based on S-RIO 2.0 spec offers 5Gbps

### VCO Design Project ECE145B

VCO Design Project ECE145B VCO DESIGN. Design, build, and test a voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). The intent is that the VCO can be used as part of a VHF radio. Because the radio will be battery powered,

### SLOW-WAVE STRUCTURES

inside track with MERCURY COMPUTER SYSTEMS p.32 IAN DUNN DESIGNING SYNTHESIZERS with UNCONVENTIONAL PLLs V out The Old and the new at IMS + p.86 pp.38, 58 th Anniversary may 11 Trusted engineering resource

### AS2815. 1.5A Low Dropout Voltage Regulator Adjustable & Fixed Output, Fast Response

1.5A Low Dropout oltage Regulator Adjustable & Fixed Output, Fast Response FEATURES Adjustable Output Down To 1.2 Fixed Output oltages 1.5, 2.5, 3.3, 5.0 Output Current of 1.5A Low Dropout oltage 1.1 Typ.

### Powering Integrated Circuits (ICs), and managing ripple voltage as it relates

Ripple Voltage & ESR Powering Integrated Circuits (ICs), and managing ripple voltage as it relates to ESR of capacitors Low voltage ICs require supply voltage (Vcc) to have reduced levels of ripple voltage

### Input and Output Capacitor Selection

Application Report SLTA055 FEBRUARY 2006 Input and Output Capacitor Selection Jason Arrigo... PMP Plug-In Power ABSTRACT When designing with switching regulators, application requirements determine how

### An equivalent circuit of a loop antenna.

3.2.1. Circuit Modeling: Loop Impedance A loop antenna can be represented by a lumped circuit when its dimension is small with respect to a wavelength. In this representation, the circuit parameters (generally

### FABRICATION 2011 SERVICES TECHNOLOGIES CAPABILITIES INDUSTRY

FABRICATION 2011 SERVICES 24HRS - 5 DAYS ON QUICK TURN PROTOTYPE Dear Customer, We would like to take this opportunity to welcome you and thank you for looking to ASA PCB as your Printed Circuit Manufacturing

### High-Speed Printed Circuit

The World Leader in High Performance Signal Processing Solutions A Practical Guide to High-Speed Printed Circuit Board Layout John Ardizzoni Analog Devices Dennis Falls Avnet Electronics Marketing Agenda

### MEMS 0031 Electric Circuits. Chapter 7-1: Energy Storage Elements- Capacitors

MEMS 0031 Electric Circuits Chapter 7-1: Energy Storage Elements- Capacitors Lesson Objectives Energy Storage : Capacitors Transients-RC Circuits Energy Storage: Inductors-RCL circuits Capacitor A C =

### Bias Circuit Design for Microwave Amplifiers

Bias Circuit Design for Microwave Amplifiers ECE145A/218A UCSB/ECE We need to provide a stable bias condition for our device in any amplifier application. Bipolar transistors: Must force the DC (average)

### Application Guide Film Capacitors

Capacitance Change vs. Temperature Insulation Resistance vs. Temperature Polyester Typical Characteristics at 1 khz % Capacitance Change % Capacitance Change Polypropylene Typical Characteristics at 1

### MP2259 1A, 16V, 1.4MHz Step-Down Converter

MP59 1A, 1V, 1.MHz Step-Down Converter TM The Future of Analog IC Technology DESCRIPTION The MP59 is a monolithic integrated stepdown switch mode converter with an internal power MOSFET. It achieves 1A

### A 1 to 2 GHz, 50 Watt Push-Pull Power Amplifier Using SiC MESFETs. high RF power. densities and cor- capacitances per watt.

From June 2006 High Frequency Electronics Copyright 2006 Summit Technical Media A 1 to 2 GHz, 50 Watt Push-Pull Power Amplifier Using SiC MESFETs By Raymond S. Pengelly and Carl W. Janke Cree, Inc. Because

### EM Noise Mitigation in Circuit Boards and Cavities

EM Noise Mitigation in Circuit Boards and Cavities Faculty (UMD): Omar M. Ramahi, Neil Goldsman and John Rodgers Visiting Professors (Finland): Fad Seydou Graduate Students (UMD): Xin Wu, Lin Li, Baharak

### Understanding the load-transient response of LDOs

Understanding the load-transient response of LDOs By Brian M. King Advanced Analog Products Introduction Low-dropout linear regulators (LDOs) are commonly used to provide power to low-voltage digital circuits,

### TI HDMI Design Guide. HDMI Design Guide. June 2007 High-Speed Interface Products 1

HDMI Design Guide June 2007 High-Speed Interface Products 1 Introduction This application note presents design guide lines helping users of the HDMI 3:1 mux-repeater, TMDS341A, to utilize the full performance

### Practice Problems - Chapter 33 Alternating Current Circuits

Multiple Choice Practice Problems - Chapter 33 Alternating Current Circuits 4. A high-voltage powerline operates at 500 000 V-rms and carries an rms current of 500 A. If the resistance of the cable is

### Application Note: PCB Design By: Wei-Lung Ho

Application Note: PCB Design By: Wei-Lung Ho Introduction: A printed circuit board (PCB) electrically connects circuit components by routing conductive traces to conductive pads designed for specific components

### Activity 1: A Quick Quiz on Capacitors

PHYS 223 General Physics Laboratory Session #2 Capacitors by A. A. Tovar, Ph. D. If you did not receive the lecture on series and parallel capacitors, your instructor will give you a short lecture on them

### S-Band Low Noise Amplifier Using the ATF-10136. Application Note G004

S-Band Low Noise Amplifier Using the ATF-10136 Application Note G004 Introduction This application note documents the results of using the ATF-10136 in low noise amplifier applications at S band. The ATF-10136

### PCB Layout Considerations for Non-Isolated Switching Power Supplies

June 2012 PCB Layout Considerations for Non-Isolated Switching Power Supplies Henry J. Zhang Introduction The best news when you power up a prototype supply board for the very first time is when it not

### Application Report. 1 Description of the Problem. Jeff Falin... PMP Portable Power Applications ABSTRACT

Application Report SLVA255 September 2006 Minimizing Ringing at the Switch Node of a Boost Converter Jeff Falin... PMP Portable Power Applications ABSTRACT This application report explains how to use proper

### Output Ripple and Noise Measurement Methods for Ericsson Power Modules

Output Ripple and Noise Measurement Methods for Ericsson Power Modules Design Note 022 Ericsson Power Modules Ripple and Noise Abstract There is no industry-wide standard for measuring output ripple and

### RFID Receiver Antenna Project for 13.56 Mhz Band

RFID Receiver Antenna Project for 13.56 Mhz Band Fatih Eken TE 401 Microwave Course Term Project, Fall 2004 Supervised by Asst. Prof. İbrahim Tekin Telecommunication Program in Faculty of Engineering and

### Two-Cell, Step-Up Converter Design for Portable Applications

Two-Cell, Step-Up Converter Design for Portable Applications James Liu Introduction In recent years, the markets for portable electrical devices, such as the electronic dictionary, palmtop computers, notebook

### This application note is written for a reader that is familiar with Ethernet hardware design.

AN18.6 SMSC Ethernet Physical Layer Layout Guidelines 1 Introduction 1.1 Audience 1.2 Overview SMSC Ethernet products are highly-integrated devices designed for 10 or 100 Mbps Ethernet systems. They are

### MGS Series Monolithic GaAs Switches. Application Note G007

MGS Series Monolithic GaAs Switches Application Note G007 Introduction Monolithic GaAs switches provide a popular alternative to PIN diode or mechanical switches. They offer comparable performance, with

### Germanium Diode AM Radio

Germanium Diode AM Radio LAB 3 3.1 Introduction In this laboratory exercise you will build a germanium diode based AM (Medium Wave) radio. Earliest radios used simple diode detector circuits. The diodes

### AC Motor Drive. page 1

AC Motor Drive Table of Contents AC Input, Diode Bridges... 3 AC Input, Power Factor Correction...4 AC Input, X/Y Capacitors... 5 BIAS Supply (off-line, flyback), Discretes... 6 BIAS Supply (off-line,

### Chapter 14. Transformers ISU EE. C.Y. Lee

Chapter 14 Transformers Objectives Explain mutual inductance Describe how a transformer is constructed and how it works Explain how a step-up and -down transformer works Discuss the effect of a resistive

### PCB Board Design. PCB boards. What is a PCB board

PCB Board Design Babak Kia Adjunct Professor Boston University College of Engineering Email: bkia -at- bu.edu ENG SC757 - Advanced Microprocessor Design PCB boards What is a PCB board Printed Circuit Boards

### Printed Circuit Boards. Bypassing, Decoupling, Power, Grounding Building Printed Circuit Boards CAD Tools

Printed Circuit Boards (PCB) Printed Circuit Boards Bypassing, Decoupling, Power, Grounding Building Printed Circuit Boards CAD Tools 1 Bypassing, Decoupling, Power, Grounding 2 Here is the circuit we

### Frequency Response of Thin Film Chip Resistors

V I S H AY I N T E R T E C H N O L O G Y, I N C. Tech Note TN0004 Abstract High frequency measurements from 0.1 to 40 GHz were performed on industry standard flip chip thin film resistors from Vishay Thin

### Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol SYLLABUS OF B.SC. (GENERAL) WITH ELECTRONICS PROGRAMME SEMESTER I. Core Course - I (Theory) Credit 04

Kazi Nazrul University, Asansol SYLLABUS OF B.SC. (GENERAL) WITH ELECTRONICS PROGRAMME SEMESTER I Core Course - I (Theory) Credit 04 CIRCUIT THEORY AND NETWORK ANANLYSIS 50 Lectures Basic Circuit Concepts

### LM3354-3.7 Regulated 90mA Buck-Boost Switched Capacitor DC/DC Converter

Regulated 90mA Buck-Boost Switched Capacitor DC/DC Converter General Description The LM3354 is a CMOS switched capacitor DC/DC converter that produces a regulated output voltage by automatically stepping

### Simulation and Design of Printed Circuit Boards Utilizing Novel Embedded Capacitance Material

Simulation and Design of Printed Circuit Boards Utilizing Novel Embedded Capacitance Material Yu Xuequan, Yan Hang, Zhang Gezi, Wang Haisan Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd Lujiazui Subpark, Pudong Software

### The ground plane: Lord of the Board

The ground plane: Lord of the Board Tim Williams Elmac Services www.elmac.co.uk Introduction The way that a circuit is laid out on a PC board is critical to its EMC performance. At high frequency all tracks

### 28 Volt Input - 40 Watt

Features Powers 28 volt dc-dc converters during power dropout Input voltage 12 to 40 volts Operating temperature -55 to +125 C Reduces hold-up capacitance by 80% Inhibit function Synchronization function

### PGA103+ Low noise, high dynamic range preamp for VHF and UHF

PGA103+ Low noise, high dynamic range preamp for VHF and UHF By Sam Jewell, G4DDK and Kent Britain, WA5VJB Introduction This paper describes a low noise, high dynamic range VHF/UHF preamp that uses the

### DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST METHOD STANDARD METHOD OF INSERTION LOSS MEASUREMENT

INCH-POUND MIL-STD-220C 14 May 2009 SUPERSEDING MIL-STD-220B 24 January 2000 DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE TEST METHOD STANDARD METHOD OF INSERTION LOSS MEASUREMENT AMSC N/A FSC EMCS FOREWORD 1. This standard

### Switching Regulator Series PCB Layout Techniques of Buck Converter

Switching Regulator Series PCB ayout Techniques of Buck Converter No.07EBY05 PCB layout design for switching power supply is as important as the circuit design. Appropriate layout can avoid various problems

### Figure 1. Core Voltage Reduction Due to Process Scaling

AN 574: Printed Circuit Board (PCB) Power Delivery Network (PDN) Design Methodology May 2009 AN-574-1.0 Introduction This application note provides an overview of the various components that make up a

### DEGREE: Bachelor in Biomedical Engineering YEAR: 2 TERM: 2 WEEKLY PLANNING

SESSION WEEK COURSE: Electronic Technology in Biomedicine DEGREE: Bachelor in Biomedical Engineering YEAR: 2 TERM: 2 WEEKLY PLANNING DESCRIPTION GROUPS (mark X) SPECIAL ROOM FOR SESSION (Computer class

### Analog Devices Welcomes Hittite Microwave Corporation NO CONTENT ON THE ATTACHED DOCUMENT HAS CHANGED

Analog Devices Welcomes Hittite Microwave Corporation NO CONTENT ON THE ATTACHED DOCUMENT HAS CHANGED www.analog.com www.hittite.com THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK v6.129 Typical Applications The HMC327MS8G(E)

### BIASING OF CONSTANT CURRENT MMIC AMPLIFIERS (e.g., ERA SERIES) (AN-60-010)

BIASING OF CONSTANT CURRENT MMIC AMPLIFIERS (e.g., ERA SERIES) (AN-60-010) Introduction The Mini-Circuits family of microwave monolithic integrated circuit (MMIC) Darlington amplifiers offers the RF designer

### 5W X-Band GaN Power Amplifier Using a Commercially Available Discrete Plastic Packaged SMT Transistor

Sheet Code RFi0612 White Paper 5W X-Band GaN Power Amplifier Using a Commercially Available Discrete Plastic Packaged SMT Transistor This paper describes the design of a single stage 5W X-Band GaN Power

### RC Circuits. 1 Introduction. 2 Capacitors

1 RC Circuits Equipment DataStudio with 750 interface, RLC circuit board, 2 voltage sensors (no alligator clips), 2x35 in. leads, 12 in. lead Reading Review operation of DataStudio oscilloscope. Review

### C39E.pdf Jul.20,2010

EU RoHS Compliant All the products in this catalog comply with EU RoHS. EU RoHS is "the European Directive 2011/65/EU on the Restriction of the Use of Certain Hazardous Substances in Electrical and Electronic

### Embedded FM/TV Antenna System

1 Embedded FM/TV Antenna System Final Report Prepared for By January 21, 2011 2 Table of Contents 1 Introduction... 5 2 Technical Specification... 6 3 Prototype Antenna... 7 4 FASTROAD Active module fabrication...

### Application Note 142 August 2013. New Linear Regulators Solve Old Problems AN142-1

August 2013 New Linear Regulators Solve Old Problems Bob Dobkin, Vice President, Engineering and CTO, Linear Technology Corp. Regulators regulate but are capable of doing much more. The architecture of

### Electronic filters design tutorial -2

In the first part of this tutorial we explored the bandpass filters designed with lumped elements, namely inductors and capacitors. In this second part we will design filters with distributed components

### 2.996/6.971 Biomedical Devices Design Laboratory Lecture 4: Power Supplies

2.996/6.971 Biomedical Devices Design Laboratory Lecture 4: Power Supplies Instructor: Dr. Hong Ma Sept. 19, 2007 Key Problem Ideal voltage sources do not exist! Voltage regulators use feedback to reduce

### EMI Conducted Interference

Although the concepts stated are universal, this application note was written specifically for Interpoint products. Switching power converters are natural generators of input narrowband spectral noise

### HIGH PERFORMANCE EQUIPMENT FILTERS FOR GENERAL PURPOSE AND SWITCHED MODE POWER SUPPLY APPLICATIONS

HIGH PERFORMANCE EQUIPMENT FILTERS HIGH PERFORMANCE EQUIPMENT FILTERS FOR GENERAL PURPOSE AND SWITCHED MODE POWER SUPPLY APPLICATIONS FM 00699 MPE Limited Hammond Road Knowsley Industrial Park Liverpool

### Capacitor Self-Resonance

Capacitor Self-Resonance By: Dr. Mike Blewett University of Surrey United Kingdom Objective This Experiment will demonstrate some of the limitations of capacitors when used in Radio Frequency circuits.

### LDS8720. 184 WLED Matrix Driver with Boost Converter FEATURES APPLICATION DESCRIPTION TYPICAL APPLICATION CIRCUIT

184 WLED Matrix Driver with Boost Converter FEATURES High efficiency boost converter with the input voltage range from 2.7 to 5.5 V No external Schottky Required (Internal synchronous rectifier) 250 mv

### Workbench EMC Measurements by Henry W. Ott Henry Ott Consultants www.hottconsultants.com

Workbench EMC Measurements by Henry W. Ott Henry Ott Consultants www.hottconsultants.com Workbench EMC measurements are simple, inexpensive precompliance tests that a product designer can perform early

### Chapter 10 Circuit Manufacture

RF Electronics Chapter 10: Circuit Manufacture Page 1 Introduction Chapter 10 Circuit Manufacture Printed Circuits Boards consist of an insulating material forming the PCB substrate onto which conductive

### MA4AGSW8-2. SP8T AlGaAs PIN Diode Switch Rev. V2 CHIP LAYOUT FEATURES DESCRIPTION. Absolute Maximum Ratings T AMB = +25 C (Unless Otherwise Noted) 1

FEATURES Specified Performance : 50 MHz to 40 GHz Operational Performance: 50 MHz to 50 GHz 2.0 db Typical Insertion Loss at 40 GHz 30 db Typical Isolation at 40 GHz thru 3 Diodes 22 db Typical Isolation