Final Examination, Organic Chemistry 1 (CHEM 2210) December 2000 Version *A* A. B. C. D.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Final Examination, Organic Chemistry 1 (CHEM 2210) December 2000 Version *A* A. B. C. D."

Transcription

1 Final Examination, rganic hemistry 1 (EM 2210) December 2000 Version *A* 1. What are the hybridization of, and the geometrical shape around, the nitrogen atom in the following molecule? N 3 3 A. sp, linear B. sp, bent. sp2, trigonal planar D. sp2, bent 2. Which of the following compounds is a cis isomer? A. B.. D. 3. The nitrogen atom in which of the following molecules/ions has the largest (positive) formal charge?.... A. 3 N 3 B. 3 N 3... (3)4N D. 3 N: 3 4. Which of the following compounds is NT a structural isomer of cyclohexanol? A. B.. D. 5. What class of compounds does the following structure belong to? A. Ketone B. Ether. Ester D. Aldehyde

2 6. ow many sigma bonds are present in the following molecule? A. 11 B D What is the direction of the dipole moment in the molecule whose structure is shown below? 3 3 N A. B.. D. 8. Which of the following functional groups is NT present in the following molecule? A. 2 alcohol B. Alkene. Ester D. Ether 9. What is the name of the following compound? A. 1-ethyl-8-methylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane B. 1-ethyl-3-methylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane. 5-ethyl-3-methylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane D. 3-ethyl-1-methylbicyclo[4.3.0]nonane

3 10. Which of the following is an alkylacetylene? A. B.. D. 11. What is the IUPA name of the compound shown? A. 2-methyl-4-ethylheptane B. 4-ethyl-2-methylheptane. 4-ethyl-6-methylheptane D. 2-methyl-4-propylhexane 12. The most stable chair conformation of trans-4-tert-butylcyclohexanol has: A. the group equatorial and the tert-butyl group equatorial. B. the group axial and the tert-butyl group axial.. the group equatorial and the tert-butyl group axial. D. the group axial and the tert-butyl group equatorial. 13. What would you use to carry out the following transformation? A. 2, light B. NaN 2, N 3. Zn, l D. 2, Pd 14. What is the IUPA name of the compound shown? A. trans-1-isopropyl-2-cyclohexanol B. cis-2-isopropylcyclohexanol. trans-2-isopropylcyclohexanol D. cis-2-sec-butylcyclohexanol

4 15. Which of the following shows 1-bromo-2-iodoethane in its most stable conformation? I I A. B. I. D. I 16. What is the name of the following compound? 2 3 A. cis-3-bromo-1-buten-3-ol B. (S)-2-bromo-3-buten-2-ol. (R)-2-bromo-3-buten-2-ol D. cis-(r)-2-bromo-3-buten-2-ol 17. ow many stereoisomers does the given compound have? 3 A. 2 B D. 16

5 18. Which of the following is true about the following reaction? 2 l 3 Zn, l 3 A. The product will have R configuration. B. A meso compound is produced.. The product will have S configuration. D. The product is not optically active. 19. onsider the structure shown N Ephedrin, I 3 Which of these Fischer projection formulas corresponds to I? A. 6 5 B N 3 N D N 3 3 N 3

6 20. Which of the following statements is true of (2R,3S)-2,3-difluorobutane? A. It has 3 stereoisomers: one enantiomer and 2 diastereomers. B. It has 2 stereoisomers and both are diastereomers of it.. It has one stereoisomer which is an enantiomer of it. D. It is a meso compound and, therefore, has no stereoisomers. 21. What is the mechanism of the following reaction? + 2 A. S N 1 B. S N 2. E1 D. E2 22. Which of the following is optically inactive? A. B.. D. 23. onsider the following reaction water ethanol 3 () 3 + Which of the following changes below INREASES the rates of BT the S N 1 and S N 2 reactions? A. Use 3 I 3 instead of 3 3 B. Use 3 2 instead of 3 3. Decrease the concentration of 3 3 D. Increase the concentration of hydroxide ion

7 24. Which of the following alkenes is a Z diastereomer? A. B.. D. 25. Which of these alkenes has the GREATEST heat of hydrogenation? A. B.. D. 26. Which of the following reagents will complete the reaction shown? l? + A. K B. 2 S 4. Ni 2 B D. NaN The index of hydrogen deficiency of is... A. 20 B D The alkene that is the major product of the following dehydration reaction is: P 4 heat A. disubstituted, cis B. disubstituted, trans. trisubstituted D. tetrasubstituted

8 29. What is the correct name for the following compound? l A. (Z)-2-chloro-4-methyl-2-pentene B. (E)-2-chloro-4-methyl-2-pentene. (Z)-4-chloro-2-methyl-3-pentene D. (E)-4-chloro-2-methyl-3-pentene 30. Dehydrohalogenation reactions usually give the most stable alkene as their major product when more than one product is possible. An exception to this rule occurs when which of the following reagents is employed as the base? A. potassium tert-butoxide B. sodium amide. potassium hydroxide D. nickel boride 31. Which of the following alcohols will dehydrate most rapidly with sulfuric acid and heat? A. B.. D. 32. What is the major organic product of the following reaction? 3 2 mol A B D

9 33. What reagents would you use to carry out the following reaction? A. KMn 4, -, heat B. KMn 4 (cold, dilute) , then 2 / 3 + D. 3, then Zn/ Which of the following reactions has a mechanism that involves the formation of a cyclic intermediate from acyclic starting materials? A. dehydration of an alcohol B. addition of to an alkene. chlorination of an alkane D. addition of bromine to an alkene 35. What is the major organic product of the following reaction? ( 3 ) l? A. ( 3 ) 2-3 l B. ( 3 ) l 3. ( 3) l D l

10 36. What is the major organic product of the following reaction? A. B.. D. 37. What is the major organic product of the reaction shown? no peroxides? A B. 3 2 ()= () 3 D () Which of these reagents ANNT be used to distinguish between cyclohexane and cyclohexene? A. 2 /l 4 B. conc. 2 S 4. KMn 4 D. Na 39. What is the major organic product of the reaction shown? 3 B3 TF 22, > > A. B.. D.

11 40. Which of these is the best way to synthesize the ether shown? 3 A. + 3 B I. I D. + 3 I 41. Which of the following acid-base reactions does not occur? _ A. B. _ 3 2 _. _ D N When is oxymercuration-demercuration the preferred method for the synthesis of an alcohol from an alkene? A. When the chemist wants the anti-markovnikov product. B. When the chemist wants a Markovnikov product with carbocation rearrangements.. When the chemist wants an anti-markovnikov product with no rearrangement. D. When the chemist wants a Markovnikov product with no rearrangements.

12 43. What is the IUPA name of the compound shown? l A. 1-hydroxy-2,2-dimethyl-3-chlorocyclohexane B. 4-hydroxy-2,2-dimethylcyclohexyl chloride. 4-chloro-2,2-dimethylcyclohexanol D. 4-chloro-2,2-dimethylcyclohexyl alcohol 44. Which of the following is the least soluble in water? A. 3 B D What is the major organic product of the following reaction? ( 3 ) 3 + conc. 3 A. B. ( 2 3 ) 3 3. ( 3 ) 2 2 D. ( 3 ) Which of the following radicals is the most stable?. A. B.. D....

13 47. Which of the following is an initiation step? A B. heat D Which of the following reactions has an E act = 0? A. + 2 light B D ow many hydrogen atoms are there in the compound shown? l A. 13 B D The reaction of 1-butene with in the presence of peroxides yields 1-bromobutane. The mechanism for the reaction involves: A. attack on the alkene by a bromine atom,.. B. attack on the alkene by a hydrogen atom,... attack on the alkene by a + ion. D. attack on the alkene by a + ion.

1. What is the hybridization of the indicated atom in the following molecule?

1. What is the hybridization of the indicated atom in the following molecule? Practice Final Exam, Chemistry 2210, rganic Chem I 1. What is the hybridization of the indicated atom in the following molecule? A. sp 3 B. sp 2 C. sp D. not hybridized 2. Name the functional groups in

More information

ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTIONS A STUDENT WHO HAS MASTERED THE MATERIAL IN THIS SECTION SHOULD BE ABLE TO:

ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTIONS A STUDENT WHO HAS MASTERED THE MATERIAL IN THIS SECTION SHOULD BE ABLE TO: ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTINS A STUDENT W AS MASTERED TE MATERIAL IN TIS SECTIN SULD BE ABLE T: 1. Given the starting materials and reaction conditions, predict the products of the following reactions of

More information

Chapter 8: Chemistry of Alkynes (C n H 2n-2 )

Chapter 8: Chemistry of Alkynes (C n H 2n-2 ) hapter 8: hemistry of Alkynes ( n 2n-2 ) Bonding & hybridization Both are sp-hybridized Bond angles = 180 o 1 σ + 2 π bonds Linear around lassification R R R' σ bond energy: 88 kcal/mol π bond energy:

More information

Double Bonds. Hydration Rxns. Hydrogenation Rxns. Halogenation. Formation of epoxides. Syn addition of 2 OH. Ozonolysis

Double Bonds. Hydration Rxns. Hydrogenation Rxns. Halogenation. Formation of epoxides. Syn addition of 2 OH. Ozonolysis Double Bonds What do we do with double bonds? We do addition reactions. In an addition reaction, something is added to both carbons involved in a double bond (or not involved in the double bond, in the

More information

An alkyne is a hydrocarbon that contain a Carbon carbon triple bond. Acetylene, the simplest alkyne, widely used in industry for the synthesis of

An alkyne is a hydrocarbon that contain a Carbon carbon triple bond. Acetylene, the simplest alkyne, widely used in industry for the synthesis of Alkynes An alkyne is a hydrocarbon that contain a Carbon carbon triple bond. Acetylene, the simplest alkyne, widely used in industry for the synthesis of acetaldehyde, acetic acid, vinyl chloride O O H

More information

SUMMARY OF ALKENE REACTIONS

SUMMARY OF ALKENE REACTIONS SUMMARY F ALKENE REACTINS Alkenes are primarily prepared by elimination reactions of molecules that contain good leaving groups attached to sp 3 carbons. Examples of such reactions are dehydrohalogenations

More information

Organic Chemistry Practice Exam #4

Organic Chemistry Practice Exam #4 rganic Chemistry 32-235 Practice Exam #4 Part 1: 1. The correct IUPAC name for the following structure is. C 2 CC 2 C C 2 5-hexen-3-ol 3-hydroxy-5-hexene (E) 4-hydroxy-1-hexene 1-hexen-4-ol (D) Isohexen-3-ol,

More information

ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTIONS

ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTIONS A STUDENT SHULD BE ABLE T: ALKENES AND ALKYNES REACTINS 1. Given the starting materials and reaction conditions, predict the products of the following reactions of alkenes and alkynes. Regioselective Markovnikov

More information

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I PRACTICE EXERCISE Elimination Reactions and Alkene Synthesis

ORGANIC CHEMISTRY I PRACTICE EXERCISE Elimination Reactions and Alkene Synthesis RGANIC CEMISTRY I PRACTICE EXERCISE Elimination Reactions and Alkene Synthesis ) ne of the products that results when -bromo-,-dimethylcyclopentane is heated in ethanol is shown below. Give a mechanism

More information

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Syllabus Day 1: Session 1 (evening session):

Introduction to Organic Chemistry Syllabus Day 1: Session 1 (evening session): Introduction to Organic Chemistry Syllabus Day 1: Session 1 (evening session): 1. Introduction to Organic Chemistry: 2. General discussion about what is chemistry? 3. What is organic chemistry? 4. What

More information

Ozonolysis of Alkenes

Ozonolysis of Alkenes zonolysis of Alkenes 1 When 2-methyl-2-pentene reacts with ozone, the initial 1,2,3-trioxolane product is 144, but this rearranges to ozonide 145. If 145 is treated with hydrogen peroxide as above, one

More information

Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry. 25.1 Some General Characteristics of Organic Molecules

Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry. 25.1 Some General Characteristics of Organic Molecules Chapter 25 The Chemistry of Life: Organic Chemistry general characteristics of organic molecules introduction to hydrocarbons alkanes unsaturated hydrocarbons functional groups: alcohols and ethers compounds

More information

Electrophilic Addition Reactions

Electrophilic Addition Reactions Electrophilic Addition Reactions Electrophilic addition reactions are an important class of reactions that allow the interconversion of C=C and C C into a range of important functional groups. Conceptually,

More information

Chapter 6 Alkenes I. IUPAC Rules for Alkene and Cycloalkene Nomenclature

Chapter 6 Alkenes I. IUPAC Rules for Alkene and Cycloalkene Nomenclature hapter 6 Alkenes I Naming Alkenes General Rule: replace ane with ene. No. of arbons IUPA Name ommon Name Formula n 2n Structure 2 Ethane ethylene 2 4 2 = 2 3 Propene propylene 3 6 2 = 3 4 1-Butene butylene

More information

Chapter 13 Alkenes and Alkynes

Chapter 13 Alkenes and Alkynes hapter 13 Alkenes and Alkynes Types of Bonds Alkanes and haloalkanes consist of atoms held together by bonds. These can also be called sigma bonds (σ bonds) which means that the orbitals of each atom overlap

More information

2. Which of the alcohols in Problem 1. Are primary? Which are tertiary? 4. Draw a structural formula for each of the following alcohols.

2. Which of the alcohols in Problem 1. Are primary? Which are tertiary? 4. Draw a structural formula for each of the following alcohols. CEM 122: Introduction to rganic Chemistry Chapter 5: Alcohols, Ethers, and Thiols. 1. Which of the following are secondary alcohols? C 3 b) (C3)3C c) 2. Which of the alcohols in Problem 1. Are primary?

More information

MOLECULAR REPRESENTATIONS AND INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY

MOLECULAR REPRESENTATIONS AND INFRARED SPECTROSCOPY MLEULAR REPRESENTATINS AND INFRARED SPETRSPY A STUDENT SULD BE ABLE T: 1. Given a Lewis (dash or dot), condensed, bond-line, or wedge formula of a compound draw the other representations. 2. Give examples

More information

Chapter 7 - Alkenes and Alkynes I

Chapter 7 - Alkenes and Alkynes I Andrew Rosen Chapter 7 - Alkenes and Alkynes I 7.1 - Introduction - The simplest member of the alkenes has the common name of ethylene while the simplest member of the alkyne family has the common name

More information

But in organic terms: Oxidation: loss of H 2 ; addition of O or O 2 ; addition of X 2 (halogens).

But in organic terms: Oxidation: loss of H 2 ; addition of O or O 2 ; addition of X 2 (halogens). Reactions of Alcohols Alcohols are versatile organic compounds since they undergo a wide variety of transformations the majority of which are either oxidation or reduction type reactions. Normally: Oxidation

More information

F322: Chains, Energy and Resources 2.2.4 Alcohols

F322: Chains, Energy and Resources 2.2.4 Alcohols F322: hains, Energy and Resources 2.2.4 Alcohols 167 marks 1. This question is about the six alcohols below. butan-2-ol 2-methylpentan-3-ol propan-1-ol ethane-1,2-diol 2-methylpropan-2-ol propan-2-ol Which

More information

Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry

Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Chapter 24 Organic Chemistry Student: 1. The general formula for alkenes is A. C n H 2n+2 B. C 2n H 2n C. C n H n+2 D. C n H 2n E. C n H 2n-2 2. The general formula of an alkane is A. C n H 2n B. C n H

More information

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THREE DIMENSIONS

ORGANIC COMPOUNDS IN THREE DIMENSIONS (adapted from Blackburn et al., Laboratory Manual to Accompany World of hemistry, 2 nd ed., (1996) Saunders ollege Publishing: Fort Worth) Purpose: To become familiar with organic molecules in three dimensions

More information

Chapter 6. Alkenes: Structure and Stability

Chapter 6. Alkenes: Structure and Stability hapter 6. Alkenes: Structure and Stability Steric Acid (saturated fatty acid) Linoleic Acid (unsaturated fatty acid) Degrees of unsaturation saturated hydrocarbon n 2n2 cycloalkane (1 ring) n 2n alkene

More information

Learning Guide for Chapter 11 - Alkynes

Learning Guide for Chapter 11 - Alkynes Learning Guide for Chapter 11 - Alkynes Introduction to s - p 1 ybridization and geometry, Reactivity, Types of s, Cyclic s, Physical properties, Spectroscopy, Acidity, Natural occurrence and uses Nomenclature

More information

Chapter 10. Conjugation in Alkadienes and Allylic Systems. Class Notes. B. The allyl group is both a common name and an accepted IUPAC name

Chapter 10. Conjugation in Alkadienes and Allylic Systems. Class Notes. B. The allyl group is both a common name and an accepted IUPAC name Chapter 10 Conjugation in Alkadienes and Allylic Systems Chapter 10 suggested problems: I. The allyl group Class Notes A. B. The allyl group is both a common name and an accepted IUPAC name 1. Allyl alcohol

More information

methyl RX example primary RX example secondary RX example secondary RX example tertiary RX example

methyl RX example primary RX example secondary RX example secondary RX example tertiary RX example ucleophilic Substitution & Elimination hemistry 1 eginning patterns to knowfor S and E eactions - horizontal and vertical templates for practice Example 1 - two possible perspectives (deuterium and tritium

More information

AROMATIC COMPOUNDS A STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO:

AROMATIC COMPOUNDS A STUDENT SHOULD BE ABLE TO: A STUDENT SHULD BE ABLE T: ARMATIC CMPUNDS 1. Name benzene derivatives given the structures, and draw the structures given the names. This includes: Monosubstituted benzenes named as derivatives of benzene:

More information

PRACTICE PROBLEMS, CHAPTERS 1-3

PRACTICE PROBLEMS, CHAPTERS 1-3 PRATIE PRBLEMS, APTERS 1-3 (overed from h. 3: Alkane and Alkyl alide nomenclature only) 1. The atomic number of boron is 5. The correct electronic configuration of boron is: A. 1s 2 2s 3 B. 1s 2 2p 3.

More information

Chemistry of the Functional Group

Chemistry of the Functional Group Name Lab Day Chemistry of the Functional Group Introduction: rganic molecules comprised only of carbon and hydrogen would be relatively unreactive and biologically unimportant. Inclusion of atoms of other

More information

Q.1 Draw out some suitable structures which fit the molecular formula C 6 H 6

Q.1 Draw out some suitable structures which fit the molecular formula C 6 H 6 Aromatic compounds GE 1 BENZENE Structure Primary analysis revealed benzene had an... empirical formula of and a molecular formula of 6 6 Q.1 Draw out some suitable structures which fit the molecular formula

More information

Alkenes and Alkynes. Chapter 1.2

Alkenes and Alkynes. Chapter 1.2 Alkenes and Alkynes Chapter 1.2 Unsaturated Hydrocarbons Alkenes and alkynes are unsaturated hydrocarbons An alkene is a hydrocarbon that contains at least one carbon-carbon double bond An alkyne is a

More information

2. Which one of the ions below possesses a noble gas configuration? A) Fe 3+ B) Sn 2+ C) Ni 2+ D) Ti 4+ E) Cr 3+

2. Which one of the ions below possesses a noble gas configuration? A) Fe 3+ B) Sn 2+ C) Ni 2+ D) Ti 4+ E) Cr 3+ Chapter 9 Tro 1. Bromine tends to form simple ions which have the electronic configuration of a noble gas. What is the electronic configuration of the noble gas which the bromide ion mimics? A) 1s 2 2s

More information

Chemistry B11 Chapter Alcohols, Ethers, Thiols and Chirality

Chemistry B11 Chapter Alcohols, Ethers, Thiols and Chirality hemistry B11 hapter 14-15 Alcohols, Ethers, Thiols and hirality Alcohols: the functional group of an alcohol is an hydroxyl group -O. 3 O 3 2 2 O Naming alcohols: 1. Select the longest chain that contains

More information

Stability of vinyl C+ is about the same as H 3 C+. NOT ASSISTED!

Stability of vinyl C+ is about the same as H 3 C+. NOT ASSISTED! rganic hemistry Interactive Notes hapter 8: Alkynes Naming Alkynes Structure ommon Name IUPA Acetylene ethyne methyl acetylene propyne dimethyl acetylene -butyne ethyl acetylene -butyne =- as substituent

More information

Study Guide Chapters 19-20 Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes

Study Guide Chapters 19-20 Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes Study Guide Chapters 19-20 Alkanes, Alkenes and Alkynes 1) Carbon-Carbon Bonding in Alkanes (C-C), Alkenes (C=C) and Alkynes (C C). Understand the hybridization of atomic orbitals (ground state promotion

More information

CHEM 341: Organic Chemistry I

CHEM 341: Organic Chemistry I EM 341: rganic hemistry I at North Dakota tate University Final Exam - tudy Guide Reactions to know ubstitution of Alcohols R X R X N 1 ubstitution - N 2 ubstitution 3 carbocation best 2 carbocation ok

More information

Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis

Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis Alkynes Hydrocarbons that contain carbon-carbon triple bonds Acetylene, the simplest alkyne is produced industrially from methane and steam at high temperature

More information

(b) (1S,2S)-2-methylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid. (b) CH 3 CH 2 CHCN CH 2 CH 3. (d) 2-ethylbutanenitrile

(b) (1S,2S)-2-methylcyclohexanecarboxylic acid. (b) CH 3 CH 2 CHCN CH 2 CH 3. (d) 2-ethylbutanenitrile hem 226 Problem Set #10 Fundamentals of rganic hemistry, 4 th edition, John McMurry. hapter 10 1. Give IUPA names for compounds - (e). (c) 3 3 2 3-methylbutanoic acid Br 3 2 2 4-bromopentanoic acid 3 2

More information

Stereochemistry. In organic chemistry, subtle differences in spatial arrangements can give rise to prominent effects.

Stereochemistry. In organic chemistry, subtle differences in spatial arrangements can give rise to prominent effects. Stereochemistry This is study of the 3 dimensional arrangement in space of molecules. In organic chemistry, subtle differences in spatial arrangements can give rise to prominent effects. E.g. the isomers

More information

Organic Chemistry Questions

Organic Chemistry Questions Organic Chemistry Questions 1 Molecules of 1-propanol and 2-propanol have different (1) percentage compositions (2) molecular masses (3) molecular formulas (4) structural formulas 2 Which compound is an

More information

Identification of Unknown Organic Compounds

Identification of Unknown Organic Compounds Identification of Unknown Organic Compounds Introduction The identification and characterization of the structures of unknown substances are an important part of organic chemistry. Although it is often

More information

Saturated NaCl solution rubber tubing (2) Glass adaptor (2) thermometer adaptor heating mantle

Saturated NaCl solution rubber tubing (2) Glass adaptor (2) thermometer adaptor heating mantle EXPERIMENT 5 (Organic Chemistry II) Pahlavan/Cherif Dehydration of Alcohols - Dehydration of Cyclohexanol Purpose - The purpose of this lab is to produce cyclohexene through the acid catalyzed elimination

More information

Assessment Schedule 2013 Chemistry: Demonstrate understanding of the properties of organic compounds (91391)

Assessment Schedule 2013 Chemistry: Demonstrate understanding of the properties of organic compounds (91391) NCEA Level 3 Chemistry (91391) 2013 page 1 of 8 Assessment Schedule 2013 Chemistry: Demonstrate understanding of the properties of organic compounds (91391) Evidence Statement Q Evidence Achievement Achievement

More information

KOT 222 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II CHAPTER 17. REACTIONS of AROMATIC COMPOUNDS

KOT 222 ORGANIC CHEMISTRY II CHAPTER 17. REACTIONS of AROMATIC COMPOUNDS KOT 222 ORGANIC CEMISTRY II CAPTER 17 REACTIONS of AROMATIC COMPOUNDS 1 Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution Substitution of an electrophile for a proton on the aromatic ring. benzene s pi electrons are

More information

Chemistry 1110 Organic Chemistry IUPAC Nomenclature

Chemistry 1110 Organic Chemistry IUPAC Nomenclature hemistry 1110 rganic hemistry IUPA Nomenclature 1 f the approximately 32 million unique chemical compounds presently known, over 95% of them can be classified as organic; i.e., containing carbon. The IUPA

More information

Homolytic vs. Heterolytic Fragmentation

Homolytic vs. Heterolytic Fragmentation omolytic vs. eterolytic Fragmentation Most organic transformations involve the movement of electron pairs (heterolytic reactions). There are a few important addition reactions, however, in which the electron

More information

Worksheet Addition reactions

Worksheet Addition reactions Worksheet Addition reactions The presence of electrons in alkenes allows addition reactions to take place. In general: In each case, the bond is broken and the e - are used to form a new bond in the product

More information

Name. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry SUNY/Oneonta. Chem 322 - Organic Chemistry II Examination #2 - March 14, 2005 ANSWERS

Name. Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry SUNY/Oneonta. Chem 322 - Organic Chemistry II Examination #2 - March 14, 2005 ANSWERS Name INSTRUTINS --- Department of hemistry and Biochemistry SUNY/neonta hem 322 - rganic hemistry II Examination #2 - March 14, 2005 ANSWERS This examination has two parts. Part I is in multiple choice

More information

Chapter 18. Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones

Chapter 18. Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones hapter 18. Reactions of 1 Aldehydes and Ketones Reaction of a nucleophile with an aldehyde or ketone gives an alkoxide, and subsequent hydrolysis leads to an alcohol. This chapter will define differences

More information

Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes Chapter: Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes Organic Chemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms. has one or more C atoms. has many H atoms. may also contain O, S, N, and

More information

EXPERIMENT 4 (Organic Chemistry II) Properties of Alcohols: Structure, Reactions and Identification of Alcohols

EXPERIMENT 4 (Organic Chemistry II) Properties of Alcohols: Structure, Reactions and Identification of Alcohols EXPEIMENT 4 (rganic hemistry II) Properties of Alcohols: Structure, eactions and Identification of Alcohols Pahlavan/herif Purpose a) Examine molecular models and observe some physical and chemical properties

More information

ALCOHOLS: Properties & Preparation

ALCOHOLS: Properties & Preparation ALLS: Properties & Preparation General formula: R-, where R is alkyl or substitued alkyl. Ar-: phenol - different properties. Nomenclature 1. ommon names: Name of alkyl group, followed by word alcohol.

More information

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Organic Chemistry. 10.1 Organic Compounds. Organic vs. Inorganic.

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Organic Chemistry. 10.1 Organic Compounds. Organic vs. Inorganic. Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes 10.1 Organic Compounds Organic Chemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms. has one or more C atoms. has many H atoms. may also

More information

Alkanes. Hydrocarbons. Structural Isomers. Butane Isomers. Contain only carbon and hydrogen

Alkanes. Hydrocarbons. Structural Isomers. Butane Isomers. Contain only carbon and hydrogen ydrocarbons Alkanes ontain only carbon and hydrogen ydrocarbons Alkanes Alkenes Alkynes Aromatics General formula n 2n+2 Each carbon is sp 3 hybridized Bond angles are 109.5 o Methane Ethane Propane Butane

More information

Advanced GCE Chemistry A

Advanced GCE Chemistry A Advanced GCE Chemistry A Unit F324 Rings, Polymers and Analysis igh banded Candidate Style Answer Introduction CR has produced these candidate style answers to support teachers in interpreting the assessment

More information

3. THE LANGUAGE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: How we draw organic compounds and how we name them.

3. THE LANGUAGE OF ORGANIC CHEMISTRY: How we draw organic compounds and how we name them. rganic hemistry (EM311) Fall 2005 Dr. obert F. Dias 3. TE LANGUAGE F GANI EMISTY: ow we draw organic compounds and how we name them. In order for us to have meaningful conversations about organic chemistry,

More information

Benzene benzene aromatic hydrocarbons aromatic not not

Benzene benzene aromatic hydrocarbons aromatic not not Benzene 1 NT 87 90 ompound 87 has the formula 6 6, is known as benzene, and it is a hydrocarbon derived from petroleum distillates. Benzene is the parent compound for a class of compounds known as aromatic

More information

CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end

CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end CH102 Practice Exam #1 WAY longer than actual exam, answers are at the end True/False Indicate whether the sentence or statement true or false. 1. Organic chemtry can be defined as the chemtry of carbon-containing

More information

Alkynes and Their Reactions

Alkynes and Their Reactions Alkynes and Their Reactions Naming Alkynes Alkynes are named in the same general way that alkenes are named. In the IUPAC system, change the ane ending of the parent alkane name to the suffix yne. Choose

More information

Chemistry 121 General Chemistry I. Course Competencies. 1. Gain a fundamental understanding of the nature of atoms, ions, and molecules.

Chemistry 121 General Chemistry I. Course Competencies. 1. Gain a fundamental understanding of the nature of atoms, ions, and molecules. Chemistry 121 General Chemistry I 1. Gain a fundamental understanding of the nature of atoms, ions, and molecules. 2. Gain a detailed understanding of the quantitative relationships governing chemical

More information

Avg. 16.4 / 25 Stnd. Dev. 8.2

Avg. 16.4 / 25 Stnd. Dev. 8.2 QUIZ TREE Avg. 16.4 / 25 Stnd. Dev. 8.2 xidation of Alcohols with Chromium (VI): Jones xidation 2 Alcohols are oxidized by a solution of chromium trioxide in aqueous acetone (2), in the presence of an

More information

Chapter 2 Organic Chem: Alkanes & Cycloalkanes

Chapter 2 Organic Chem: Alkanes & Cycloalkanes Chapter 2 Organic Chem: Alkanes & Cycloalkanes Objectives: 1. Differentiate between saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons, alkanes and cycloalkanes. 2. Draw, identify, determine and name isomers: a. Stereoisomers

More information

Syllabus for General Organic Chemistry M07A- Fall 2013 Prof. Robert Keil

Syllabus for General Organic Chemistry M07A- Fall 2013 Prof. Robert Keil Syllabus for General Organic Chemistry M07A- Fall 2013 Prof. Robert Keil Textbook and Materials What you must buy: Organic Chemistry 4 th Ed. Janice G. Smith, McGraw Hill. (Older edition is fine) Chem

More information

Chapter 11. Free Radical Reactions

Chapter 11. Free Radical Reactions hapter 11 Free Radical Reactions A free radical is a species containing one or more unpaired electrons Free radicals are electron-deficient species, but they are usually uncharged, so their chemistry is

More information

Organic Chemistry. O1: Ways of representing organic molecules. Dr Amanda Rousseau C503. 1. Molecular formula

Organic Chemistry. O1: Ways of representing organic molecules. Dr Amanda Rousseau C503. 1. Molecular formula O1: Ways of representing organic molecules Organic Chemistry Dr Amanda Rousseau C503 Chemistry the Central Science - Brown (Chapter 24) Extra reading: Organic Chemistry McMurry (any edition) Self study:

More information

THIS IS A NEW SPECIFICATION

THIS IS A NEW SPECIFICATION THIS IS A NEW SPECIFICATION ADVANCED SUBSIDIARY GCE CHEMISTRY A Chains, Energy and Resources F322 *OCE/T73768* Candidates answer on the question paper OCR Supplied Materials: Data Sheet for Chemistry A

More information

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes hapter 10 Introduction to Organic hemistry: Alkanes 1 Organic hemistry An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms has one or more atoms has many atoms may also contain O, S, N, and halogens

More information

Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models

Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models Survival Organic Chemistry Part I: Molecular Models The goal in this laboratory experience is to get you so you can easily and quickly move between empirical formulas, molecular formulas, condensed formulas,

More information

Unit 28 Molecular Geometry

Unit 28 Molecular Geometry Unit 28 Molecular Geometry There are two concepts in the study of molecular geometry. One is called the Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) model. The other is electron orbital hybridization.

More information

Chemistry 2000 Fall 2006 First assignment

Chemistry 2000 Fall 2006 First assignment hemistry 2000 Fall 2006 First assignment Review of hemistry 1000 1 The separation between carbon atoms in diamond is 0154 nm (a) What is their separation in meters? (b) What is the carbon atom separation

More information

Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis. Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 8

Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis. Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 8 Alkynes: An Introduction to Organic Synthesis Based on McMurry s Organic Chemistry, 6 th edition, Chapter 8 Alkynes! Hydrocarbons that contain carbon-carbon triple bonds! Acetylene, the simplest alkyne

More information

15/05/2008 Chemistry 231 Experiment 11 Lee 1 Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol Larry Lee Partner: Ichiro Suzuki

15/05/2008 Chemistry 231 Experiment 11 Lee 1 Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol Larry Lee Partner: Ichiro Suzuki 15/05/2008 Chemistry 231 Experiment 11 Lee 1 Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol Larry Lee Partner: Ichiro Suzuki bjective: The purpose of this experiment is to isolate Cyclohexene from Cyclohexanol by sulphuric

More information

Anti-Markovnikov Addition of H-Br (How does the placement of Br differ in radical vs. polar addition of HBr to an alkene?)

Anti-Markovnikov Addition of H-Br (How does the placement of Br differ in radical vs. polar addition of HBr to an alkene?) hemactivity 21 Anti-Markovnikov Addition of 1 hemactivity 21 Anti-Markovnikov Addition of - (ow does the placement of differ in radical vs. polar addition of to an alkene?) Model 1: Radical Reactions of

More information

EXPERIMENT 1: Survival Organic Chemistry: Molecular Models

EXPERIMENT 1: Survival Organic Chemistry: Molecular Models EXPERIMENT 1: Survival Organic Chemistry: Molecular Models Introduction: The goal in this laboratory experience is for you to easily and quickly move between empirical formulas, molecular formulas, condensed

More information

This Lewis structure can be condensed in a number of ways as shown here.

This Lewis structure can be condensed in a number of ways as shown here. Chem 226 Problem Set #2 Fundamentals of rganic Chemistry, 4 th edition, John McMurry. Chapter 2 26. Propose suitable structures for the following: (a) and alkene, C 7 14. There are a number of possible

More information

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition

Chapter 10 Introduction to Organic Chemistry: Alkanes. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry, Eleventh Edition 1 hapter 10 Introduction to Organic hemistry: Alkanes Organic hemistry and Organic ompounds 2 An organic compound is a compound made from carbon atoms has one or more atoms has many atoms may also contain

More information

Chapter 4: Alkenes and Alkynes. Degree of unsaturation

Chapter 4: Alkenes and Alkynes. Degree of unsaturation hapter 4: Alkenes and Alkynes Unsaturated ydrocarbon: ontains one or more carbon-carbon double or triple bonds or benzene-like rings. Alkene: contains a carbon-carbon double bond and has the general formula

More information

CH101 Course Outline with Learning Outcomes

CH101 Course Outline with Learning Outcomes CH101 Course Outline with Learning Outcomes Staff: Dr. Fawaz Aldabbagh, Dr. David Cheung, Dr. Paul Kavanagh, Dr. Luca Ronconi (Coordinator) Module overview and general aims This Module lays a broad foundation

More information

Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: The Core Principles of Chemistry

Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: The Core Principles of Chemistry Write your name here Surname Other names Edexcel GCE Centre Number Chemistry Advanced Subsidiary Unit 1: The Core Principles of Chemistry Candidate Number Tuesday 15 May 2012 Afternoon Time: 1 hour 30

More information

Organic Chemistry II / CHEM 252 Chapter 16 Aldehydes and Ketones I. Nucleophilic Addition to the Carbonyl Group

Organic Chemistry II / CHEM 252 Chapter 16 Aldehydes and Ketones I. Nucleophilic Addition to the Carbonyl Group Organic Chemistry II / CHEM 252 Chapter 16 Aldehydes and Ketones I. Nucleophilic Addition to the Carbonyl Group Bela Torok Department of Chemistry University of Massachusetts Boston Boston, MA 1 Nomenclature

More information

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Chemistry Chemical bonding, molecular structure and Gases Blizzard Bag 2014-2015

Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Chemistry Chemical bonding, molecular structure and Gases Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Chemistry Chemical bonding, molecular structure and Gases Blizzard Bag 2014-2015 1. Which of the following is a unit of pressure? A. newton-meters per second

More information

ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13

ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13 ALKENES, ALKYNES and AROMATIC COMPOUNDS Chapter 13 13.1 Introduction An ALKENE is a hydrocarbon with a double C bond that looks like C=C An ALKYNE is a hydrocarbon with a triple C bond that looks like

More information

Chapter 17 Alcohols and Phenols

Chapter 17 Alcohols and Phenols John E. McMurry http://www.cengage.com/chemistry/mcmurry Chapter 17 Alcohols and Phenols Alcohols and Phenols Alcohols contain an OH group connected to a saturated C (sp 3 ) They are important solvents

More information

Page 1. 6. Which hydrocarbon is a member of the alkane series? (1) 1. Which is the structural formula of methane? (1) (2) (2) (3) (3) (4) (4)

Page 1. 6. Which hydrocarbon is a member of the alkane series? (1) 1. Which is the structural formula of methane? (1) (2) (2) (3) (3) (4) (4) 1. Which is the structural formula of methane? 6. Which hydrocarbon is a member of the alkane series? 7. How many carbon atoms are contained in an ethyl group? 1 3 2 4 2. In the alkane series, each molecule

More information

Carboxylic Acids When a carbonyl carbon also bears a hydroxyl group, then these compounds are appreciably acidic, and are called carboxylic acids.

Carboxylic Acids When a carbonyl carbon also bears a hydroxyl group, then these compounds are appreciably acidic, and are called carboxylic acids. Carboxylic Acids When a carbonyl carbon also bears a hydroxyl group, then these compounds are appreciably acidic, and are called carboxylic acids. R Carboxylic acids are classified according to the substituent

More information

Functional Group Chemistry

Functional Group Chemistry 48 Experiment #3. rganic hemistry Functional Group Unknowns Functional Group hemistry Introduction The chemistry of an organic molecule is primarily dictated by its functional groups. Some functional groups

More information

IDENTIFICATION OF ALCOHOLS

IDENTIFICATION OF ALCOHOLS IDENTIFICATION OF ALCOHOLS Alcohols are organic compounds that which considered as derivatives of water. One of the hydrogen atoms of water molecule (H-O-H) has been replaced by an alkyl or substituted

More information

Aromaticity and Reactions of Benzene

Aromaticity and Reactions of Benzene Aromaticity and eactions of Benzene ark College Benzene is a unique molecule it is highly unsaturated with 6 carbons and 6 hydrogens, it is planar, and has a high degree of symmetry. These features explain

More information

cyclohexane cyclopentane Nomenclature Follows same rules as for stright-chain alkanes. Examples: name the following

cyclohexane cyclopentane Nomenclature Follows same rules as for stright-chain alkanes. Examples: name the following Structure and Stereochemistry of Alkanes Reading: Wade chapter 3, sections 3-10- 3-16 Study Problems: 3-43, 3-44, 3-45, 3-46 Key oncepts and Skills: ompare the energies of cycloalkanes, and explain ring

More information

Molecular Models Experiment #1

Molecular Models Experiment #1 Molecular Models Experiment #1 Objective: To become familiar with the 3-dimensional structure of organic molecules, especially the tetrahedral structure of alkyl carbon atoms and the planar structure of

More information

Chapter 11. Chemical Bonds: The Formation of Compounds from Atoms

Chapter 11. Chemical Bonds: The Formation of Compounds from Atoms Chapter 11 Chemical Bonds: The Formation of Compounds from Atoms 1 11.1 Periodic Trends in atomic properties 11.1 Periodic Trends in atomic properties design of periodic table is based on observing properties

More information

Isomers Have same molecular formula, but different structures

Isomers Have same molecular formula, but different structures Isomers ave same molecular formula, but different structures Constitutional Isomers Differ in the order of attachment of atoms (different bond connectivity) Stereoisomers Atoms are connected in the same

More information

The Chemistry of Alcohols and Thiols

The Chemistry of Alcohols and Thiols 0 0 The Chemistry of Alcohols and Thiols This chapter focuses on the reactions of alcohols and thiols. Like alkyl halides, alcohols undergo substitution and elimination reactions. owever, unlike alkyl

More information

Organic I (Reactions)

Organic I (Reactions) Alkanes Free-radical substitution Halogenation of alkanes is a free radical reaction. It results in H bonds being replaced for Hal bonds. The reagents and conditions are to mix the alkane with bromine

More information

Mass Spec - Fragmentation

Mass Spec - Fragmentation Mass Spec - Fragmentation An extremely useful result of EI ionization in particular is a phenomenon known as fragmentation. The radical cation that is produced when an electron is knocked out of a neutral

More information

Introduction. Chapter 12 Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Types of Spectroscopy 8/29/2011

Introduction. Chapter 12 Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy. Electromagnetic Spectrum. Types of Spectroscopy 8/29/2011 Organic Chemistry, 6 th Edition L. G. Wade, Jr. Chapter 12 Mass Spectrometry and Infrared Spectroscopy Introduction Spectroscopy is an analytical technique which helps determine structure. It destroys

More information

Lewis Dot Structure Answer Key

Lewis Dot Structure Answer Key Lewis Dot Structure Answer Key 1) Nitrogen is the central atom in each of the following species: N2 N2 - N2 + Nitrogen can also form electron deficient compounds with a single unpaired electron on the

More information

Alcohols (R-OH) and Alkyl halides R-X (X = F, Cl, Br, I) Alcohols. Suffix:

Alcohols (R-OH) and Alkyl halides R-X (X = F, Cl, Br, I) Alcohols. Suffix: Alcohols (R-O) and Alkyl halides R-X (X = F, Cl,, I) Alcohols Alcohols contain a R-O functional group. Primary, secondary or tertiary? O O O Nomenclature: Suffix: numbering scheme: The number locating

More information

Organic Chemistry. Saturated Hydrocarbons: The Alkanes. methane H C H CH 4. ethane H C C H CH 3 CH 3

Organic Chemistry. Saturated Hydrocarbons: The Alkanes. methane H C H CH 4. ethane H C C H CH 3 CH 3 rganic hemistry The classification of chemical compounds in to the general areas of organic and inorganic derives from the use of the "mineral, vegetable and animal" designation by the early workers in

More information

Chapter Thirteen. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds

Chapter Thirteen. Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds Chapter Thirteen Alkenes, Alkynes, and Aromatic Compounds Saturated: A molecule whose carbon atoms bond to the maximum number of hydrogen atoms. Unsaturated: A molecule that contains a carbon carbon multiple

More information