PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests"

Transcription

1 PLANET EARTH: Seasonal Forests Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Running Time: 42 minutes Program Description Investigate temperate forests and find some of the most elusive creatures and welladapted plant life on Earth. The program accentuates the distinctive characteristics of coniferous and deciduous trees, including leaf types and reproduction, during each of the four seasons as well as how insects and animals rely on a variety of trees for food, shelter, and clean air. Each highlighted animal exhibits unique adaptations like the moose s ability to eat conifer needles and the miniature stature of the species living in Chile s Valdivian forests where food is scarce to survive the harsh seasonal changes of the forests. Home to such endangered animals as the Amur leopard and Eurasian black vulture, the forest habitat plays an important role in Earth s ecosystem. Learning Objectives After viewing the program and participating in discussion, students will be able to: Describe the characteristics of a seasonal forest; Explain the relationship between resources and population size in an ecosystem; Communicate how energy is transferred in a food web and define the terms producer and consumer; Relate an organism s adaptations to its surrounding habitat; Recognize the importance of Earth s natural resources and the impact humans have on forest habitats. Classroom Connections Why is it important to maintain the health of the world s forests? Where do the world s oldest trees live? Locate the taiga on a map and describe its characteristics. Describe the conditions of living in the taiga. What types of plants and animals can survive there? How have such animals as the moose and capercaillie adapted to the lack of food in the taiga? How do animals living in forests depend on each other for survival? What is unique about the animals living in South America s Valdivian forests? What might be one reason for the adaptation? How have the animals adaptations allowed them to survive? 1

2 Draw the life cycle of the periodical cicada and label each key step. Use your drawing to describe the process to a partner. Create a Venn diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics of deciduous and conifer trees. Why do deciduous trees lose their leaves? Describe the annual seasonal changes that take place in the temperate forests of North America. How do conifer trees reproduce? What role do animals play in their reproductive efforts? Classroom Activities Develop an understanding that most of our oxygen comes from trees through the process of photosynthesis. To begin the activity, gather clear eight-ounce plastic cups, boiled and cooled water (to deplete chlorine) with a little baking soda added to provide carbon dioxide, and small aquarium plants. Divide the students into small groups. Provide two cups and two plant sprigs to each group. Instruct students to place a plant sprig in each cup and fill it with the chlorine-free water. Each group should place one cup on a window sill or under another direct light source. The second cup should be placed in a dark place, like a cupboard. Observe each plant at five-minute intervals up to fifteen minutes. Students should use drawings to record all observations in a science notebook. Have students make a hypothesis about what is taking place in the cups. They should include information about what the bubbles are and give a reason for why the cup in the cupboard has little or no bubbles. Explain the process of photosynthesis as the chemical process plants use to change chemicals and nutrients into food. For photosynthesis to take place, sunlight and carbon dioxide must be available. Oxygen is a byproduct of the chemical process and is released into the air through openings in the leaves called stomata. With this new understanding of photosynthesis, ask students to evaluate their previous hypotheses. What are the bubbles? Why are the bubbles only present in the cup on the windowsill? Why did the cup in the cupboard not produce any bubbles? Why are plants and trees important to animals and humans? What do they provide for us? What do we give to them? What would happen if we lost a large portion of the Earth s forests? Study plants and animals living in a temperate forest and create a food web. Have students create a list of plants and animals that live in the temperate deciduous forest or a forest that has four distinct seasons. Include plants and animals shown in the program as well as the inhabitants students are aware of from personal experience. Define the three major types of organisms in the food chain producers, consumers, and decomposers. Have students label each animal on the list as a producer, consumer, or decomposer. Break down the consumers into three types herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores and label each. Define a food web as a visual representation of how plants and animals rely on each other for food and energy. 2

3 Divide students into groups of two and assign one animal from the brainstormed list to each group to research. Students should work together to answer the following questions: What does the organism look like? What does the organism eat? What predators eat this organism? Does this organism s food source change along with the seasons? How does the organism adapt to the forest s seasonal changes? Is the organism a producer or consumer? Once the research is complete, have students make a food web for their organism during two seasons of the year. Each web should include at least five other organisms. Students should label the web as relevant during spring, summer, winter, or fall. Have students share their webs with another group and explain how each organism relies on the seasons. Ask students to identify the Earth s natural resources. How many of these resources come from or rely on forests? How do we rely on these resources to survive? What would happen if they disappeared? In small groups, ask students to make a list of what people in their communities are doing to protect such natural resources as trees and water. Ask students to make a list of what they, along with their families, are doing to help conserve resources. Ask students to look at their lists and evaluate if more could be done to help protect the environment. Over the next day or so, have students survey their actions and the actions of others at home and school to come up with additional ways to conserve resources. In the next class period, have students discuss what they learned with their group members and decide on an area of conservation they d like to improve. Have each group devise an action plan to protect natural resources within the school or community. Each group member should produce two paragraphs defining the problem as well as persuading readers to take a specific action to conserve natural resources. Create a class newsletter to raise awareness of environmental problems and offer ways to take responsibility for the health of the Earth. Target Vocabulary* adaptation - modification of an organism or its parts that makes it more fit for existence under the conditions of its environment behavior - a: anything that an organism does involving action and response to stimulation; b: the response of an individual, group, or species to its environment biome - a major ecological community type (as tropical rain forest, grassland, or desert) conifer - any of an order (Coniferales) of mostly evergreen trees and shrubs having usually needle-shaped or scalelike leaves and including forms (as pines) with true cones and others (as yews) with an arillate fruit deciduous - falling off or shed seasonally or at a certain stage of development in the life cycle 3

4 ecosystem - the complex of a community of organisms and its environment functioning as an ecological unit erode - to wear away by the action of water, wind, or glacial ice (flooding eroded the hillside) food chain - an arrangement of the organisms of an ecological community according to the order of predation in which each uses the next usually lower member as a food source food web - the totality of interacting food chains in an ecological community habitat - the place or environment where a plant or animal naturally or normally lives and grows predator - an animal that lives by predation (a mode of life in which food is primarily obtained by the killing and consuming of animals) prey - an animal taken by a predator as food taiga- a moist subarctic forest dominated by conifers (as spruce and fir) that begins where the tundra ends temperate - having a moderate climate which especially lacks extremes in temperature tropics - either of the two parallels of terrestrial latitude at a distance of about twentythree degrees north or south of the equator where the sun is directly overhead when it reaches its most northerly or southerly point in the sky *By permission. From the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary 2007 by Merriam-Webster, Incorporated (www.merriam-webster.com). Academic Standards National Science Education Standards (National Research Council, NAS, 1996) The National Academy of Sciences provides guidelines for teaching science in grades K 12 to promote scientific literacy. Standards specific to this PLANET EARTH program: Grades 5 8: Regulation and Behavior (p. 157) Populations and Ecosystems (pp ); Diversity and Adaptations of Organisms (p. 158); Populations, Resources, and Environments (p. 168) To view the standards, visit the NSES Web site: 4

5 AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy Developed by the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), Benchmarks for Science Literacy states what all students should know and be able to do in science, mathematics, and technology by the end of grades 2, 5, 8, and 12. Benchmarks addressed in this PLANET EARTH program: Chapter 5: Diversity of Life (pp ); Interdependence of Life (p. 117); Flow of Matter and Energy (pp ); Evolution of Life (pp ) Chapter 4: The Earth (pp ) AAAS Benchmarks for Science Literacy is available on the Web at: Published by Discovery Education, Inc., a division of Discovery Communications, LLC All rights reserved. Based on PLANET EARTH BBC. Distributed under exclusive license from Educational Publishers LLP. 5

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

Plants, like all living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water,

Plants, like all living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water, WHAT PLANTS NEED IN ORDER TO SURVIVE AND GROW: LIGHT Grades 3 6 I. Introduction Plants, like all living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water, space in which to live, air, and

More information

3 Temperate and Polar Zones

3 Temperate and Polar Zones Name CHAPTER 17 Class Date Climate SECTION 3 Temperate and Polar Zones BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What biomes are found in the temperate

More information

Habitat Comparison at the Garden

Habitat Comparison at the Garden Habitat Comparison at the Garden Several types of habitats are represented at the Atlanta Botanical Garden: tropical rainforest, desert, temperate deciduous forest and wetlands. During this activity students

More information

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food),

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), LEARNING FROM LEAVES: A LOOK AT LEAF SIZE Grades 3 6 I. Introduction Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water, space in which to live, air, and optimal

More information

Introduction to Ecology

Introduction to Ecology Introduction to Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between living organisms and their environment. Scientists who study ecology are called ecologists. Because our planet has many

More information

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.

Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2. Biology Keystone (PA Core) Quiz Ecology - (BIO.B.4.1.1 ) Ecological Organization, (BIO.B.4.1.2 ) Ecosystem Characteristics, (BIO.B.4.2.1 ) Energy Flow 1) Student Name: Teacher Name: Jared George Date:

More information

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6

Holt Ch. 6 Biomes. Section 6.1 pg # 1-6 Holt Ch. 6 Biomes Section 6.1 pg 153-155 # 1-6 1. Describe how plants determine the name of a biome. Scientists name biomes after their vegetation because the plants that grow in an area determine what

More information

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food),

Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), WHAT PLANTS NEED IN ORDER TO SURVIVE AND GROW: WATER Grades 3 6 I. Introduction Plants, like all other living organisms have basic needs: a source of nutrition (food), water, space in which to live, air,

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects:

Lesson 1. Objectives: ocus: Subjects: Lesson 1 The Web of Life Objectives: 1. Understand the concept of an ecosystem. 2. Understand the interdependence of members of an ecosystem. Subjects: 1. Ecology 2. Language 3. Art MATERIALS: Copies of

More information

This hands-on activity incorporates observing, classifying, predicting, sequencing, formulating models, and drawing conclusions.

This hands-on activity incorporates observing, classifying, predicting, sequencing, formulating models, and drawing conclusions. SCIENCE Science and the Environment 4 th Grade FOOD CHAINS Overview: All organisms, or living things, depend on other organisms for nutrients. The movement of nutrients through an environment is visualized

More information

defined largely by regional variations in climate

defined largely by regional variations in climate 1 Physical Environment: Climate and Biomes EVPP 110 Lecture Instructor: Dr. Largen Fall 2003 2 Climate and Biomes Ecosystem concept physical and biological components of environment are considered as single,

More information

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS

REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS Period Date REVIEW UNIT 10: ECOLOGY SAMPLE QUESTIONS A. Sample Multiple Choice Questions Complete the multiple choice questions to review this unit. 1. All of the following are density-dependent factors

More information

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism.

Life Science Study Guide. Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Life Science Study Guide Environment Everything that surrounds and influences (has an effect on) an organism. Organism Any living thing, including plants and animals. Environmental Factor An environmental

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Before You Read Before you read the chapter, respond to these statements. 1. Write an A if you agree with the statement. 2. Write a D if you disagree with the statement.

More information

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes

THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes Biomes The Ecosystem - Biomes Side 2 THE ECOSYSTEM - Biomes By the end of this topic you should be able to:- SYLLABUS STATEMENT ASSESSMENT STATEMENT CHECK NOTES 2.4 BIOMES 2.4.1 Define the term biome.

More information

Plant Parts. Background Information

Plant Parts. Background Information Purpose The purpose of this lesson is for students to learn the six basic plant parts and their functions. Time Teacher Preparation: 30 minutes Student Activity: 60 minutes Materials For the teacher demonstration:

More information

National 5. Unit 3. Life on earth. Ink exercise 1. Biodiversity and the distribution of life.

National 5. Unit 3. Life on earth. Ink exercise 1. Biodiversity and the distribution of life. National 5 Unit 3 Life on earth Ink exercise 1 Biodiversity and the distribution of life. Once completed and marked- Think about and list below the areas I need to work on: Multiple choice Tick one answer

More information

Food Chains (and webs) Flow of energy through an ecosystem Grade 5 Austin Carter, Dale Rucker, Allison Hursey

Food Chains (and webs) Flow of energy through an ecosystem Grade 5 Austin Carter, Dale Rucker, Allison Hursey Food Chains (and webs) Flow of energy through an ecosystem Grade 5 Austin Carter, Dale Rucker, Allison Hursey References: Columbus Public Schools Curriculum Guide- Grade 5 GK-12 Biological Science Lesson

More information

Photosynthesis. Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations:

Photosynthesis. Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations: GRADE 5 SCIENCE INSTRUCTIONAL TASKS Photosynthesis Grade-Level Expectations The exercises in these instructional tasks address content related to the following grade-level expectations: SI-M-A5 Use evidence

More information

taiga Encyclopedic Entry boreal forest

taiga Encyclopedic Entry boreal forest This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Apple Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. Encyclopedic Entry taiga boreal

More information

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Lesson B5 1 DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Unit B. Science and Technology in Wildlife Management Problem Area 5. Desert, Taiga, and Tundra Biomes National Academic Standard. NS.9-12.1 Science

More information

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words

5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words 5 th Grade Science Vocabulary Words abiotic factor A nonliving part of an ecosystem. acceleration Change in velocity with respect to time. action The force one object applies to a second, as in Newton

More information

Rain Forests. America's. Web of Life. Rain Forest Ecology. Prince William Network's OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES SUBJECTS

Rain Forests. America's. Web of Life. Rain Forest Ecology. Prince William Network's OVERVIEW OBJECTIVES SUBJECTS Rain Forest Ecology National Science Education Standards Standard C: Life Sciences Populations and ecosystems. Standard C: Life Sciences Diversity and adaptation of organisms. Standard F: Science in Personal

More information

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy

2. What kind of energy is stored in food? A. chemical energy B. heat energy C. kinetic energy D. light energy Assessment Bank Matter and Energy in Living Things SC.8.L.18.4 1. What is energy? A. anything that takes up space B. anything that has mass C. the ability to conduct current D. the ability to do work 2.

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

In this lesson, students will identify a local plant community and make a variety of

In this lesson, students will identify a local plant community and make a variety of MAKING COMMUNITY MEASUREMENTS: ABIOTIC FACTORS Grades 3 6 I. Introduction In this lesson, students will identify a local plant community and make a variety of measurements, preferably during two different

More information

Ecology- an ecosystem: a Biome: o They are either terrestrial or aquatic. rainforests, deserts, coral reefs

Ecology- an ecosystem: a Biome: o They are either terrestrial or aquatic. rainforests, deserts, coral reefs Topic 17: Ecology Ecology- The environment is an organism s surroundings o It includes:! biotic factors: Ecosystems! abiotic factors: an ecosystem: In order for an ecosystem to maintain life it must: -

More information

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS

FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS FOOD CHAINS, FOOD WEBS AND ECOLOGICAL PYRAMIDS SECTION 1 In an ecosystem, plants capture the sun's energy and use it to convert inorganic compounds into energy-rich organic compounds. This process of using

More information

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems

Matter and Energy in Ecosystems Matter and Energy in Ecosystems The interactions that take place among biotic and abiotic factors lead to transfers of energy and matter. Every species has a particular role, or niche, in an ecosystem.

More information

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes

Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Grassland Food Webs: Teacher Notes Alan Henderson ecosystem Objectives After completing this activity students will be able to: Create a food web and identify producers and consumers. Assign organisms

More information

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts?

4. Which choice below lists the biomes in order from lowest precipitation amounts to highest precipitation amounts? Ecosystems and Biomes 1. All of the living organisms in a forest plus their environment is an example of A. a biome. B. a community. C. a population. D. an ecosystem. 2. Which of the following best describes

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4

Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Ecology Module B, Anchor 4 Key Concepts: - The biological influences on organisms are called biotic factors. The physical components of an ecosystem are called abiotic factors. - Primary producers are

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

NOTE TO TEACHER: It is appropriate to introduce the mitochondria (where energy is made) as a major structure common to all cells.

NOTE TO TEACHER: It is appropriate to introduce the mitochondria (where energy is made) as a major structure common to all cells. 5.2.1 Recall the cell as the smallest unit of life and identify its major structures (including cell membrane, cytoplasm, nucleus, and vacuole). Taxonomy level: 1.1 and 1.2-A Remember Factual Knowledge

More information

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment.

STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY. CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. STUDY GUIDE ECOLOGY CHAPTER 21: Populations 1. An overview of ecology. Ecology is the study of interactions between organisms and their environment. 2. A Hierarchy of interactions: cells tissues organs

More information

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients

5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients CHAPTER 5 ECOSYSTEMS 5.1 Ecosystems, Energy, and Nutrients Did anyone ever ask you the question: Where do you get your energy? Energy enters our world from the Sun but how does the Sun s energy become

More information

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5.

Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. North arolina Testing Program EO iology Sample Items Goal 4 Use this diagram of a food web to answer questions 1 through 5. coyotes 3. If these organisms were arranged in a food pyramid, which organism

More information

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world.

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world. GRADE 6 SCIENCE STRAND A Value and Attitudes Catholic Schools exist so that curriculum may be taught in the light of Gospel teachings. Teachers must reinforce Gospel truths and values so that students

More information

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST JUNE 6, 2011 Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

a. a population. c. an ecosystem. b. a community. d. a species.

a. a population. c. an ecosystem. b. a community. d. a species. Name: practice test Score: 0 / 35 (0%) [12 subjective questions not graded] The Biosphere Practice Test Multiple Choice Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the

More information

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world.

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world. A STUDY OF BIOMES http://bellnetweb.brc.tamus.edu/res_grid/biomes.htm A HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY MODULE Summary: In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the

More information

Food Chains and Food Webs

Food Chains and Food Webs Program Support Notes by: Spiro Liacos B.Ed. Produced by: VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning Editor: Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. Executive Producers: Edwina Baden-Powell B.A, CVP. Sandra Frerichs B.Ed, M.Ed. You

More information

Energy Flow in the Pond Teacher s Guide February 2011

Energy Flow in the Pond Teacher s Guide February 2011 Energy Flow in the Pond Teacher s Guide February 2011 Grades: 6, 7 & 8 Time: 3 hours With the pond as a model, students explore how energy that originates from the sun keeps changing shape and form as

More information

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling

Ecosystems. The two main ecosystem processes: Energy flow and Chemical cycling Ecosystems THE REALM OF ECOLOGY Biosphere An island ecosystem A desert spring ecosystem Biosphere Ecosystem Ecology: Interactions between the species in a given habitat and their physical environment.

More information

Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades

Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades Activity 1.6: Food for Thought: Climate Change and Trophic Cascades Grades 7 9 Description: Students will read an article about the impact of melting ice on the Arctic food web. Students will diagram food

More information

Worksheet: The food chain

Worksheet: The food chain Worksheet: The food chain Foundation Phase Grade 1-3 Learning area: Natural Science Specific Aim 2: Investigating phenomena in natural sciences Activity Sheet Activity 1: What is a food chain? Every time

More information

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to:

Grade 7. Objective. Students will be able to: Grade 7 Objective Students will be able to: Describe the carbon cycle in more detail: o Learn about the importance of carbon and the role it plays in photosynthesis and cellular respiration, Identify elements

More information

Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection:

Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection: Bio EOC Topics for Ecology, Evolution and Natural Selection: UEvolutionU Difference between macroevolution and microevolution Sexual reproduction and natural selection are mechanisms of microevolution

More information

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes

Biomes An Overview of Ecology Biomes Freshwater Biomes Biomes An Overview of Ecology Ecology is the scientific study of the interactions between organisms and their environments. Ecology can be divided into four increasingly comprehensive levels: Organismal

More information

13.1. Principles of Ecology CHAPTER 13. Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment.

13.1. Principles of Ecology CHAPTER 13. Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment. SECTION 13.1 KEY CONCEPT ECOLOGISTS STUDY RELATIONSHIPS Study Guide Ecology is the study of the relationships among organisms and their environment. VOCABULARY ecology community MAIN IDEA: Ecologists study

More information

Unit: Plants & Animals (Grade 2)

Unit: Plants & Animals (Grade 2) Unit: Plants & Animals (Grade 2) Content Area: Science Course(s): Science Time Period: 8 weeks Length: Weeks Status: Published Unit Overview Students will determine the life cycles of plants and animals

More information

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4.

6. Which of the following is not a basic need off all animals a. food b. *friends c. water d. protection from predators. NAME SOL 4. NAME SOL 4.5 REVIEW - Revised Habitats, Niches and Adaptations POPULATION A group of the same species living in the same place at the same time. COMMUNITY-- All of the populations that live in the same

More information

You are What You Eat

You are What You Eat You are What You Eat By: Tanja Schollmeier, marine biologist, School of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences, University of Alaska Fairbanks Grade level: 6-8th grade Context: This lesson emphasizes human impacts

More information

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review

8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review 8 th Grade Science Organisms and their Environment Review #1 The tree is an example of a in the food web. Producers perform photosynthesis. A: Prey B: Decomposer C: producer D: Herbivore C. Producer #2

More information

Ecosystems and Food Webs

Ecosystems and Food Webs Ecosystems and Food Webs How do AIS affect our lakes? Background Information All things on the planet both living and nonliving interact. An Ecosystem is defined as the set of elements, living and nonliving,

More information

food webs reflect look out! what do you think?

food webs reflect look out! what do you think? reflect Imagine for a moment that you stay after school one day to clean up the classroom. While cleaning, you move some plants away from the sunny windows. A week later, you remember to move the plants

More information

The Balance of Nature Food Chains 101 (Suitable for grades 4-12)

The Balance of Nature Food Chains 101 (Suitable for grades 4-12) Environmental Education using Live Birds of Prey Thank you to Xcel Energy Foundation and their Environmental Partnership Program The Balance of Nature Food Chains 101 (Suitable for grades 4-12) OBJECTIVE

More information

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank

2.3 Mapping Earth s Physical Features A world physical features map shows information about. Physical Features. canyon. Word Bank Read Section 2.3. Write one or two sentences describing the type of thematic map you read about. Then match the physical features in the Word Bank to their correct locations on the illustration. An example

More information

Getting the energy the body needs

Getting the energy the body needs Getting the energy the body needs Identify the main bones of the skeleton. Describe the role of skeletal joints. Recall that muscles contract to move bones at joints. Investigate the strengths of different

More information

Program goal: Students will have a better awareness and understanding of butterflies and their habitats

Program goal: Students will have a better awareness and understanding of butterflies and their habitats Butterfly Builders Students will investigate butterflies and their life cycle through a variety of activities including a story, game and science investigation. The lesson will end with a guided trip to

More information

Forest Ecology Class Overview 4.A.2b 4.A.2c 4.A.3a 4.A.3c 4.A.3d 10.A.2a 10.A.2c, 10.A.3c 11.A.2b 11.A.2d 11.A.3f 12.A.2a 12.B.2a 12.B.2b 12.B.

Forest Ecology Class Overview 4.A.2b 4.A.2c 4.A.3a 4.A.3c 4.A.3d 10.A.2a 10.A.2c, 10.A.3c 11.A.2b 11.A.2d 11.A.3f 12.A.2a 12.B.2a 12.B.2b 12.B. Forest Ecology Class Overview 1. Introduction a. Ask the students to go around the circle and give their name and one thing they can find in the forest. b. What are some examples of living things in the

More information

Communities and Biomes

Communities and Biomes Name Date Class Communities and Biomes Section 3.1 Communities n your textbook, read about living in a community. Determine if the statement is true. f it is not, rewrite the italicized part to make it

More information

EXPLORING ECOSYSTEMS Lesson Plan

EXPLORING ECOSYSTEMS Lesson Plan EXPLORING ECOSYSTEMS Lesson Plan TARGET AUDIENCE Fourth through Seventh grade STANDARDS VA grades 4-6: Scientific Investigation, Reasoning, and Logic; Living Systems; Resources; Force, Motion and Energy;

More information

Learning expeditions

Learning expeditions Learning expeditions Food webs How are all living things connected? Introduction: On this Expedition, your students will explore the question, How are all living things connected? by role playing different

More information

Plant and Animal Adaptations [4th grade]

Plant and Animal Adaptations [4th grade] Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Understanding by Design: Complete Collection Understanding by Design 6-14-2006 Plant and Animal Adaptations [4th grade] Jennifer Mahler Trinity University Follow

More information

Principles of Ecology

Principles of Ecology 2 Principles of Ecology section 1 Organisms and Their Relationships Before You Read On the lines below, list the organisms that you have encountered today. You share the same environment with these organisms.

More information

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE

WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE 7 WEATHER, CLIMATE AND ADAPTATIONS OF ANIMALS TO CLIMATE TEXTBOOK QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS Q.1. Why weather changes so frequently? Ans. All changes in the weather are caused by the sun. The movement of the

More information

Rainforest Food Web Tropical Rainforests Temperate Rainforests

Rainforest Food Web Tropical Rainforests Temperate Rainforests Rainforest Food Web The list of plants and animals endemic to rainforest biome is exhaustive, and that makes the rainforest food web one of the most complex food webs of the world. Continue reading...

More information

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice

10B Plant Systems Guided Practice 10B Plant Systems Guided Practice Reproduction Station 1 1. Observe Plant A. Locate the following parts of the flower: stamen, stigma, style, ovary. 2. Draw and label the parts of a flower (listed above)

More information

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor.

Name Date Hour. Plants grow in layers. The canopy receives about 95% of the sunlight leaving little sun for the forest floor. Name Date Hour Directions: You are to complete the table by using your environmental text book and the example given here. You want to locate all the abiotic (non-living) and biotic (living) factors in

More information

Food Webs and Food Chains Grade Five

Food Webs and Food Chains Grade Five Ohio Standards Connection: Life Sciences Benchmark B Analyze plant and animal structures and functions needed for survival and describe the flow of energy through a system that all organisms use to survive.

More information

Science Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools Correlation with National Science Standards

Science Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools Correlation with National Science Standards Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools Correlation with National Standards Key P = Pre-activity E = Extension activity C = Core activity S = Supplemental activity Standard Strands Finding Common

More information

Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems

Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Lesson Plan Two - Ecosystems Summary Students discuss what living things need to survive. They identify the abiotic and biotic components of an ecosystem and describe the roles and interactions of producers

More information

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Chapter Test A CHAPTER 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Part A: Multiple Choice In the space at the left, write the letter of the term or phrase that best answers each question Part B: Matching 1

More information

The animals at higher levels are more competitive, so fewer animals survive. B.

The animals at higher levels are more competitive, so fewer animals survive. B. Energy Flow in Ecosystems 1. The diagram below shows an energy pyramid. Which of the following best explains why the number of organisms at each level decreases while moving up the energy pyramid? The

More information

Evolution and Community Ecology

Evolution and Community Ecology Evolution and Community Ecology Before you read the chapter, answer each question with information you know. After you complete the chapter, re-answer the questions using information you learned. How Do

More information

Regents Biology LAB. STUDY OF POPULATION DENSITY ON A SUBURBAN LAWN

Regents Biology LAB. STUDY OF POPULATION DENSITY ON A SUBURBAN LAWN Period Date LAB. STUDY OF POPULATION DENSITY ON A SUBURBAN LAWN Ecological communities are built on the interactions between the creatures (both plants and animals) that live there and the physical environment

More information

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11

Exhibit Inquiry. Rainforest. Aug 11 Exhibit Inquiry Exhibit Inquiry Have students look for the following exhibits related to living things during their visit to the Ontario Science Centre: Where to go: (Level 6) What it's about: Tropical

More information

This Performance Standards include four major components. They are

This Performance Standards include four major components. They are Seventh Grade Science Curriculum Approved July 13, 2006 The Georgia Performance Standards are designed to provide students with the knowledge and skills for proficiency in science at the seventh grade

More information

1.2 The Biosphere and Energy

1.2 The Biosphere and Energy 1.2 The Biosphere and Energy All activities require a source of energy a fuel. For example, to sustain a campfire, you need to keep it supplied with wood. To reach a destination by car, you need to have

More information

The Tropical Rainforest Rainforest Series, Part 1 - by Mikki Sadil

The Tropical Rainforest Rainforest Series, Part 1 - by Mikki Sadil Rainforest Series, Part 1 - Tropical rainforests are among the most mysterious of all geographical biomes in the world. A biome is an area with very distinctive plants and animals that have adapted to

More information

ALASKA DISCOVERY LESSON

ALASKA DISCOVERY LESSON GK-12 Program ALASKA DISCOVERY LESSON Adaptations and Ecology in the Arctic Lesson 4 - Arctic Food Chains What are food chains and food webs and how do they apply to arctic ecology? Developer s Name: Corinne

More information

Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem. Food Chains, Food Webs, and Ecological Pyramids

Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem. Food Chains, Food Webs, and Ecological Pyramids Energy Flow Through an Ecosystem Food Chains, Food Webs, and Ecological Pyramids What is Ecology? ECOLOGY is a branch of biology that studies ecosystems. Ecological Terminology Environment Ecology Biotic

More information

Invasive Species Jeopardy

Invasive Species Jeopardy LESSON FOURTEEN: INVASIVE SPECIES JEOPARDY Duration: One 45-minute class period Objectives: To test students knowledge of exotic invasive plant species taught in this unit. Prepare in advance: Practice

More information

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright

Plant Adaptations. This cactus displays light-colored hair that helps shade the plant. Copyright Plant Adaptations Plants have adaptations to help them survive (live and grow) in different areas. Adaptations are special features that allow a plant or animal to live in a particular place or habitat.

More information

AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions

AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions AP Biology Unit I: Ecological Interactions Essential knowledge 1.C.1: Speciation and extinction have occurred throughout the Earth s history. Species extinction rates are rapid at times of ecological stress.

More information

Living Things and the Environment

Living Things and the Environment Living Things and the Environment (pages 6 11) Habitats (page 7) Key Concept: An organism obtains food, water, shelter, and other things it needs to live, grow, and reproduce from its environment. An organism

More information

Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1. Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Objectives:

Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1. Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Objectives: Photosynthesis Lesson Plan 1 Introduction to Photosynthesis (grade 4) Identify types of living things that use photosynthesis. Understand the concept of photosynthesis. Observe how flowers are grown. First

More information

Food Web Crasher. An introduction to food chains and food webs

Food Web Crasher. An introduction to food chains and food webs Food Web Crasher An introduction to food chains and food webs Activity Students create a physical food web and watch what happens when an aquatic nuisance species is introduced into the ecosystem. Grade

More information

by Erik Lehnhoff, Walt Woolbaugh, and Lisa Rew

by Erik Lehnhoff, Walt Woolbaugh, and Lisa Rew Designing the Perfect Plant Activities to Investigate Plant Ecology Plant ecology is an important subject that often receives little attention in middle school, as more time during science classes is devoted

More information

Rainforest Rescuers Overview

Rainforest Rescuers Overview Rainforest Rescuers Overview Rainforest Rescuers takes students into a thriving coastal rainforest to learn about its ecosystem and the delicate balance and interdependence of its flora and fauna. Through

More information

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers

Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Chapter 3: Climate and Climate Change Answers Section A: Climate 1. (a) Explain what each of the following means: (4 x 1 mark) (i) climate the average weather of an area over a 25 30 year period (ii) maritime

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES

ENVIRONMENTAL CHANGES reflect How do you respond to environmental changes? Maybe you wear different types of clothes in different seasons. Maybe you only ride your bike during certain times of the year. What if you moved to

More information

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem?

Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Fighting Fire with Fire: Can Fire Positively Impact an Ecosystem? Science Topic: Fire Ecology Grades: 6 th 8 th Essential Questions: What role does fire play in maintaining healthy ecosystems? How does

More information

Bee Life. Grade 3 Science and Technology Unit

Bee Life. Grade 3 Science and Technology Unit Bee Life Grade 3 Science and Technology Unit Instructions to Teachers This unit is a Science and Technology lesson plan for the Understanding Life Systems Growth and Changes in Plants strand. Over a duration

More information

Layers of the Rain Forest Distance Learning

Layers of the Rain Forest Distance Learning Layers of the Rain Forest Distance Learning Summary and Goals Students will be able to identify the layers of the rain forest and animal species that live in each layer. Grade Levels Grades 3-5 Engage

More information

Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark GRADE 6

Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark GRADE 6 Grade Stand Sub-Strand Standard Benchmark OF OF OF A. Scientific World View B. Scientific Inquiry C. Scientific Enterprise understand that science is a way of knowing about the world that is characterized

More information