快 閃 記 憶 體 的 產 業 應 用 與 製 程

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "快 閃 記 憶 體 的 產 業 應 用 與 製 程"

Transcription

1 快 閃 記 憶 體 的 產 業 應 用 與 製 程 ATP Electronics Inc. 資 深 產 品 經 理 Jes Wang May, 2008 Education & Experiences: 伊 利 諾 理 工 學 院 CIS Master Degree 台 灣 微 軟 產 品 經 理 研 華 科 技 產 品 經 理

2 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 2 ATP Electronics Inc.

3 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 3 ATP Electronics Inc.

4 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 4 ISO Certified Company

5 Sony/ Samsung Certificate Partner Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 5

6 Contents A. Memory Type B. DRAM C. Flash Memory D. Manufacture Process E. Application Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 6

7 Memory 什 麼 是 DRAM? 什 麼 是 SRAM? 什 麼 是 NVRAM? 什 麼 是 SDRAM? 什 麼 是 DDR SDRAM? 什 麼 是 DDR2 SDRAM? 什 麼 是 DDR3SDRAM? 什 麼 是 RD RAM? 什 麼 是 MRAM? 什 麼 是 SIMM? 什 麼 是 DIMM? 什 麼 是 SODIMM? Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 7

8 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 8 Motherboard (MB)

9 Motherboard (MB) North Bridge Function: The connection between CPU Memory and VGA card Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 9

10 Motherboard (MB) South Bridge Function: The connection between CPU and others Peripheral Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 10

11 How BIOS works? BIOS use flash memory, a type of ROM Booting the Computer Configuring BIOS The basic input-output system (BIOS) is the first thing you see when you turn on your computer Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 11

12 Motherboard (MB) Memory Slot Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 12

13 Memory (RAM) Type: ROM (Read Only Memory) Ex: BIOS Read Only Memory RAM (Random Access Memory) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 13

14 Memory (RAM) 長 條 狀 物 體 必 須 在 供 電 的 狀 況 下 才 能 保 存 資 料 一 般 電 腦 的 記 憶 體 容 量 大 約 是 256MB 到 4GB 左 右 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 14

15 Memory (RAM) 1. 散 熱 片 2. 記 憶 體 顆 粒 3.SPD:Serial Presence Detect 4. 防 呆 凹 槽 5. 金 手 指 6. 安 裝 卡 榫 ( 也 是 另 一 個 防 呆 裝 置 ) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 15

16 Memory (RAM) 記 憶 體 的 常 用 規 格 1) SDRAM 2) DDR 3) DDR II Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 16

17 Memory (RAM) 1) SDRAM 這 類 記 憶 體 規 格 有 PC100 PC133 PC150 大 都 為 168pin DIMM 記 憶 體 模 組 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 17

18 Memory (RAM) 2) DDR(Double Data Rate) 規 格 有 DDR266 DDR333 DDR400 大 都 為 184pin DIMM 記 憶 體 模 組 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 18

19 Memory (RAM) 3) DDR II 採 240pin DIMM 記 憶 體 模 組 晶 片 顆 粒 更 小 耗 電 量 更 低 單 位 容 量 更 大 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 19

20 顯 示 卡 (Graphic Card,VGA ) 輔 助 GPU 的 顯 示 憶 體 ( 這 張 顯 示 卡 有 8 個 ) 核 心 晶 片 GPU( 拆 開 散 熱 器 後 ) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 20

21 顯 示 卡 (Graphic Card,VGA ) GPU 核 心 顯 示 記 憶 體 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 21

22 顯 示 卡 (Graphic Card,VGA ) 顯 示 卡 的 基 本 運 作 原 理 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 22

23 Flash Memory? 快 閃 記 憶 體 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 23

24 History Flash memory (both NOR and NAND types) was invented by Dr. Fujio Masuoka while working for Toshiba in According to Toshiba, the name "flash" was suggested by Dr. Masuoka's colleague, Mr. Shoji Ariizumi, because the erasure process of the memory contents reminded him of a flash of a camera. Dr. Masuoka presented the invention at the IEEE 1984 International Electron Devices Meeting (IEDM) held in San Francisco, California. Intel saw the massive potential of the invention and introduced the first commercial NOR type flash chip in Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 24

25 Flash Memory Nor Flash Architecture (in physical) Nand Flash Architecture (in physical) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 25

26 Standard Flash Architecture for Nor & Nand flash (in physical) Nor Flash Architecture (in physical).. Nand Flash Architecture (in physical). *This difference( cell connection) will make NOR allows randomaccess for reading. NAND allows only block access. And the Nand flash s capacity will be always larger than nor flash can offer. Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 26

27 Flash Memory 主 要 廠 牌 儲 存 格 式 存 取 方 式 讀 取 速 度 寫 入 速 度 單 位 面 積 密 度 移 除 區 塊 讀 寫 壽 命 NOR Intel/ AMD 程 式 碼 (Code) 隨 機 存 取 較 快 較 慢 較 低 較 大 約 10 萬 次 NAND Toshiba/ Samsung 資 料 (Data) 串 列 存 取 較 慢 較 快 較 高 較 小 約 100 萬 次 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 27

28 MLC Nand Flash vs SLC Nand Flash (in Architecture) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 28

29 Why Flash Memory? Diversified Application Domains Portable Storage Devices Critical Systems Components Consumer Electronics Industrial Applications Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 29

30 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 30 How caches and registers work?

31 Manufacture Process 封 裝 製 程 SIP (System In Package) A hybrid technology that mounting an unpackaged silicon die directly onto the substrate by flying gold wires. It contains a few bare chips, for example Nand flash and controller dies per package to construct one system, and the dies can be arranged either side-by-side or stacked on top of each other. It is a die level processing. And provide system a complete packaging solution. SMT( Surface Mount Technology) The process of assembling printed circuit boards with packaged components soldered to the surface rather than to plated through-holes. Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 31

32 SIP 工 業 等 級 封 裝 製 程 Complete encapsulation and protection of the flash components and contacts. Complete to isolated all components with real 100% of water proof, ESD proof, Shock proof and Dust proof Reliable & Stabile in higher densities of major form factor memory cards such as CF, SD, microsd and minisd. More consistent yield (more exact and physically consistent cards). Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 32

33 SIP & SMT Example: ATP SIP comparing with other SMT manufacture process Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 33

34 Runtime bad block & Life Cycle NAND flash is intrinsic to be certainly increase bad block during System Operation ATP SIP can do much better protection than SMT ATP industrial grade using top grade level industrial components with wear leveling algorithms technology to extend memory lifetime Life Cycle : SIP > SMT Maximal of each flash Memory Card bad block is 2% only ( Initial bad block + Runtime bad block ) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 34

35 Industrial Level of SW & HW Protection Software Protection ( Controller) SIP Technology Hardware Protection ( SIP) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 35

36 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 36 Application

37 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 37 Apple ipod 潮 流

38 Standard Form Factor microsd minisd SD SDHC Compact Flash MMC RS-MMC MMCplus MMCmobile MMCmicro Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 38

39 Mobile Storage Solution minisd microsd MMCmobile MMCmicro RS-MMC Picture Size (mm) 21.5x2.0x1.4 11x15x1.0 18x24x1.4 14x12x1.1 18x24x1.4 Compliant SD v1.1 SD v1.1 MMC v4.1 MMC v4.1 MMC v3.31 Pin no Operation Voltage 3.3V 3.3V Dual Vol. 1.8V & 3.3V Dual Vol. 1.8V & 3.3V 3.3V Data Transfer Rate 22.5MB/s(R) 15MB/s(W) 12MB/s(R) 20MB/s(R) 15MB/s(W) 12MB/s 2.5MB/s Capacity Ranging 128MB-2GB 128MB-256MB 128MB-1GB 128MB-512MB 128MB-1GB Data Retention/ Endurance 10 yrs/ 100,000 cycles 10 yrs/ 100,000 cycles 10 yrs/ 100,000 cycles 10 yrs/ 100,000 cycles 10 yrs/ 100,000 cycles Royalty Fee Yes* Yes* Free Free Free Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 39

40 Memory Stick Family Memory Stick PRO Memory Stick PRO MagicGate copyright protection technology is supported. Memory Stick PRO Duo Has 1/3 reduced size of a Memory Stick PRO Memory Stick (MagicGate/High-speed data transfer compatible) Memory Stick MagicGate Memory Stick Supports a copyright protection function to expand its applications for audio. Memory Stick (with Memory Select Function) The switch on the reverse provides options to select a memory. Memory Stick-ROM Archive media in which contents can be pre-recorded. Most suitable for distributing contents. Memory Stick I/O Expansion Can expand functions beyond what Memory Stick already has by using a Memory Stick slot as a standard interface. Memory Stick Micro (M2) Ultra-small IC recording media for mobile phones Memory Stick PRO-HG December 2006 IC recording media with high-speed writing and data transfer capability (8-bit Parallel Data Transfer) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 40

41 Application of Memory Stick Media Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 41

42 Memory Card Applications Application Layer Audio Picture Video Document Music Still Image Moving picture Print/fax Audio Data for music distribution and CD ripping Audio Recording Receiving ringtones for mobile phone e-karaoke MIDI/Voice data storage Still pictures for DSC (in. Motion JPEG data) Standby image for mobile phone E-distributed photo data Store Video data for video camera (MP2/MP4) E-distributed video data File File System Layer Exchange, view, display for printable data Store, View, print for e- publish document data Exchange, archive for personal data Security Layer Physical Layer Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 42

43 The Application of Mobile Memory Card Cell phone / Smart phone DSC DVC Printer/fax PC/ Laptop PDA Home entertainment center Memory card MP3 /Multimedia Player/PMP Adapter Car Multimedia Player gift Car GPS device Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 43 Handset GPS device

44 NAND Flash-Based SSD (Solid State Disk) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 44

45 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 45 Market Trend

46 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 46 Application Review

47 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 47 Rugged PC

48 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 48 Sub Note PC

49 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 49 Tablet PC/Web PDA

50 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 50 Mobile PC

51 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 51 NAND Flash Market Size

52 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 52 Solid State Disk (SSD)

53 Expected SSD Sales Revenue Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 53

54 How to catch the new trend and opportunity? Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 54

55 我 準 備 好 了 嗎? 了 解 自 己 ( 資 工 學 生 or 將 來 IT 產 業 的 一 員 ) 練 功 ( 培 養 自 己 的 基 礎 能 力 包 含 語 文 能 力 ) 了 解 產 業 與 市 場 動 態 ( 找 方 向 與 找 出 路 ) 創 造 自 己 的 核 心 價 值 ( 不 可 取 代 性 的 能 力 ) 培 養 自 己 不 斷 進 步 與 學 習 能 力 ( 職 能 訓 練 ) 產 業 技 術 發 展 & 標 準 Standard (CPU, JEDEC,SDA, CFA, MMCA ) Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 55

56 Copyright 2007 ATP Electronics, Inc. All rights reserved. Page 56 Q&A

Trabajo 4.5 - Memorias flash

Trabajo 4.5 - Memorias flash Memorias flash II-PEI 09/10 Trabajo 4.5 - Memorias flash Wojciech Ochalek This document explains the concept of flash memory and describes it s the most popular use. Moreover describes also Microdrive

More information

CAPTUREMOVEMANIPULATESTORE Flash Memory Cards from Simpletech

CAPTUREMOVEMANIPULATESTORE Flash Memory Cards from Simpletech CAPTUREMOVEMANIPULATESTORE Flash Memory Cards from Simpletech CompactFlash Secure Digital MultiMediaCard Flash Memory Cards from SimpleTech RS-MMC minisd FLASHMEMORYCARDS Capture your digital photos, music,

More information

NAND Flash FAQ. Eureka Technology. apn5_87. NAND Flash FAQ

NAND Flash FAQ. Eureka Technology. apn5_87. NAND Flash FAQ What is NAND Flash? What is the major difference between NAND Flash and other Memory? Structural differences between NAND Flash and NOR Flash What does NAND Flash controller do? How to send command to

More information

NAND Flash & Storage Media

NAND Flash & Storage Media ENABLING MULTIMEDIA NAND Flash & Storage Media March 31, 2004 NAND Flash Presentation NAND Flash Presentation Version 1.6 www.st.com/nand NAND Flash Memories Technology Roadmap F70 1b/c F12 1b/c 1 bit/cell

More information

Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices. kingston.com.flash

Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices. kingston.com.flash kingston.com.flash Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices Kingston, the world s leading independent manufacturer of memory products, offers

More information

Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices. kingston.com.flash

Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices. kingston.com.flash kingston.com.flash Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices Kingston, the world s leading independent manufacturer of memory products, offers

More information

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e. Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware

A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e. Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware A+ Guide to Managing and Maintaining Your PC, 7e Chapter 1 Introducing Hardware Objectives Learn that a computer requires both hardware and software to work Learn about the many different hardware components

More information

Eureka Technology. Understanding SD, SDIO and MMC Interface. by Eureka Technology Inc. May 26th, 2011. Copyright (C) All Rights Reserved

Eureka Technology. Understanding SD, SDIO and MMC Interface. by Eureka Technology Inc. May 26th, 2011. Copyright (C) All Rights Reserved Understanding SD, SDIO and MMC Interface by Eureka Technology Inc. May 26th, 2011 Copyright (C) All Rights Reserved Copyright by Eureka Technology Inc. All Rights Reserved Introduction This white paper

More information

Advantages of e-mmc 4.4 based Embedded Memory Architectures

Advantages of e-mmc 4.4 based Embedded Memory Architectures Embedded NAND Solutions from 2GB to 128GB provide configurable MLC/SLC storage in single memory module with an integrated controller By Scott Beekman, senior business development manager Toshiba America

More information

Flash Memory Basics for SSD Users

Flash Memory Basics for SSD Users Flash Memory Basics for SSD Users April 2014, Rainer W. Kaese Toshiba Electronics Europe Storage Products Division SSD vs. HDD Enterprise SSD Can write the full capacity 30x per day over lifetime Client/Laptop

More information

Flash Memory Guide. kingston.com.flash. Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices

Flash Memory Guide. kingston.com.flash. Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices kingston.com.flash Flash Memory Guide Portable Flash memory for computers, digital cameras, cell phones and other devices Kingston, the world s leading independent manufacturer of memory products, offers

More information

Lecture 2: Computer Hardware and Ports. y.alharbi@sau.edu.sa http://faculty.sau.edu.sa/y.alharbi/en

Lecture 2: Computer Hardware and Ports. y.alharbi@sau.edu.sa http://faculty.sau.edu.sa/y.alharbi/en BMTS 242: Computer and Systems Lecture 2: Computer Hardware and Ports Yousef Alharbi Email Website y.alharbi@sau.edu.sa http://faculty.sau.edu.sa/y.alharbi/en The System Unit McGraw-Hill Copyright 2011

More information

EverGreen 2.5 SATA SSD

EverGreen 2.5 SATA SSD EverGreen 2.5 SATA SSD InnoDisk EverGreen 2.5 SATA SSD Datasheet Preliminary 1 Preliminary Datasheet, September 2010 Table of contents REVISION HISTORY... 4 LIST OF TABLES... 5 LIST OF FIGURES... 6 1.

More information

Logical Operations. Control Unit. Contents. Arithmetic Operations. Objectives. The Central Processing Unit: Arithmetic / Logic Unit.

Logical Operations. Control Unit. Contents. Arithmetic Operations. Objectives. The Central Processing Unit: Arithmetic / Logic Unit. Objectives The Central Processing Unit: What Goes on Inside the Computer Chapter 4 Identify the components of the central processing unit and how they work together and interact with memory Describe how

More information

Slide Set 8. for ENCM 369 Winter 2015 Lecture Section 01. Steve Norman, PhD, PEng

Slide Set 8. for ENCM 369 Winter 2015 Lecture Section 01. Steve Norman, PhD, PEng Slide Set 8 for ENCM 369 Winter 2015 Lecture Section 01 Steve Norman, PhD, PEng Electrical & Computer Engineering Schulich School of Engineering University of Calgary Winter Term, 2015 ENCM 369 W15 Section

More information

Samsung emmc. FBGA QDP Package. Managed NAND Flash memory solution supports mobile applications BROCHURE

Samsung emmc. FBGA QDP Package. Managed NAND Flash memory solution supports mobile applications BROCHURE Samsung emmc Managed NAND Flash memory solution supports mobile applications FBGA QDP Package High efficiency, reduced costs and quicker time to market Expand device development with capable memory solutions

More information

1. With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit.

1. With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit. Chapter 05 The System Unit Multiple Choice Questions 1. With these systems, input and output devices are located outside the system unit. A. Desktop systems B. Personal digital assistants C. Smartphones

More information

Cis1. Ch.4 - The System Unit or the Processor

Cis1. Ch.4 - The System Unit or the Processor Cis1 Ch.4 - The System Unit or the Processor 1 The four hardware components of a computer system INPUT SYSTEM UNIT OUTPUT PERMANENT STORAGE 2 Let s open the box! 3 Inside the System Unit 4 circuit board

More information

FlashOverview. Industrial Grade Flash Solutions

FlashOverview. Industrial Grade Flash Solutions FlashOverview Industrial Grade Flash Solutions 2.5" Flash Drive ATA PC Card CompactFlash (CF) Small Cards (SecureDigital, minisd, microsd) MMCplus Single Chip Drive Flash Module Flash Drive ATA/IDE INTERFACE

More information

Solid State Drive Architecture

Solid State Drive Architecture Solid State Drive Architecture A comparison and evaluation of data storage mediums Tyler Thierolf Justin Uriarte Outline Introduction Storage Device as Limiting Factor Terminology Internals Interface Architecture

More information

ImageMate USB 3.0 Reader/Writer

ImageMate USB 3.0 Reader/Writer ImageMate USB 3.0 Reader/Writer User Guide Version 1.0 SDDR-289 All-in-One Reader/Writer CompactFlash, SD, SDHC, SDXC, minisd, minisdhc, microsd, microsdhc, microsdxc, MultiMediaCard, MMCplus, MMCmobile,

More information

CSCA0102 IT & Business Applications. Foundation in Business Information Technology School of Engineering & Computing Sciences FTMS College Global

CSCA0102 IT & Business Applications. Foundation in Business Information Technology School of Engineering & Computing Sciences FTMS College Global CSCA0102 IT & Business Applications Foundation in Business Information Technology School of Engineering & Computing Sciences FTMS College Global Chapter 2 Data Storage Concepts System Unit The system unit

More information

SATA SSD Series. InnoDisk. Customer. Approver. Approver. Customer: Customer. InnoDisk. Part Number: InnoDisk. Model Name: Date:

SATA SSD Series. InnoDisk. Customer. Approver. Approver. Customer: Customer. InnoDisk. Part Number: InnoDisk. Model Name: Date: SATA SSD Series Customer: Customer Part Number: InnoDisk Part Number: InnoDisk Model Name: Date: InnoDisk Approver Customer Approver Table of contents EverGreen SATA SSD REVISION HISTORY... 4 LIST OF TABLES...

More information

Introducing Hardware Chapter #1

Introducing Hardware Chapter #1 Introducing Hardware Chapter #1 Amy Hissom Key Terms 1. Advanced Configuration and Power Interface (ACPI) - a power management specification developed by Intel, Microsoft, and Toshiba. ACPI, which will

More information

CybertronPC 5150 Unleashed Desktop PC

CybertronPC 5150 Unleashed Desktop PC CybertronPC 5150 Unleashed Desktop PC 2014-02-11 11:00:00 by Online_Deals This CybertronPC 5150 Unleashed TGM1223F desktop features AMD Radeon HD 6670 graphics with 1GB dedicated video memory to bring

More information

Buying/Upgrading a Photo-editing Computer

Buying/Upgrading a Photo-editing Computer Buying/Upgrading a Photo-editing Computer Primary reasons for replacing or upgrading 1. Reliability 2. Functionality 3. Performance We ll focus on performance Old computer? Tired user? Probably both! RELIABILITY

More information

NAND Flash Memory as Driver of Ubiquitous Portable Storage and Innovations

NAND Flash Memory as Driver of Ubiquitous Portable Storage and Innovations NAND Flash Memory as Driver of Ubiquitous Portable Storage and Innovations aka: how we changed the world and the next chapter July 7, 2 Jian Chen Technical Executive, NAND System Engineering Memory, Oh

More information

FLASH TECHNOLOGY DRAM/EPROM. Flash. 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Year Source: Intel/ICE, "Memory 1996"

FLASH TECHNOLOGY DRAM/EPROM. Flash. 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 Year Source: Intel/ICE, Memory 1996 10 FLASH TECHNOLOGY Overview Flash memory technology is a mix of EPROM and EEPROM technologies. The term flash was chosen because a large chunk of memory could be erased at one time. The name, therefore,

More information

The System Unit. Chapter 5. Computing Essentials Edited/Modified by Nicole Tobias. The System Unit

The System Unit. Chapter 5. Computing Essentials Edited/Modified by Nicole Tobias. The System Unit Chapter 5 Computing Essentials 2014 Edited/Modified by Nicole Tobias 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This proprietary material solely for authorized instructor use. Not 2014 by McGraw-Hill Education. This

More information

Digital Media Guide Portable digital media for computers, digital cameras, and other devices. kingston.com/flash

Digital Media Guide Portable digital media for computers, digital cameras, and other devices. kingston.com/flash Digital Media Guide Portable digital media for computers, digital cameras, and other devices Kingston, the world s leading independent manufacturer of memory products, sells a broad range of flash cards

More information

Your Laptop s Midlife Crisis - How to Help It Cope

Your Laptop s Midlife Crisis - How to Help It Cope Your Laptop s Midlife Crisis - How to Help It Cope Part 2 - UpgradingYour Laptop s Hard Drive Presentation to UCHUG - 5/06/15 G. Skalka What is the Lifespan of a Laptop? Hardware is current for about 2

More information

The Central Processing Unit:

The Central Processing Unit: The Central Processing Unit: What Goes on Inside the Computer Chapter 4 Objectives Identify the components of the central processing unit and how they work together and interact with memory Describe how

More information

CS101: Introduction to Computing

CS101: Introduction to Computing Lecture 7: What is a Computer? Device that accepts input, process, and stores data, and gives output Understanding Computer Hardware Device that can execute specific set of instructions in a well-defined

More information

CPU. Motherboard RAM. Power Supply. Storage. Optical Drives

CPU. Motherboard RAM. Power Supply. Storage. Optical Drives CPU Motherboard RAM Power Supply Storage Optical Drives GPU 2 The CPU is the brain of a computer CPU receives instructions from software programs stored in memory Instructions are read and the tasks performed

More information

FLASH MEMORY: TECHNOLOGIES AND GLOBAL MARKETS

FLASH MEMORY: TECHNOLOGIES AND GLOBAL MARKETS FLASH MEMORY: TECHNOLOGIES AND GLOBAL MARKETS SMC098A May 2014 Anand Joshi Project Analyst ISBN: 1-56965-827-7 BCC Research 49 Walnut Park, Building 2 Wellesley, MA 02481 USA 866-285-7215 (toll-free within

More information

Dell Studio XPS 8100: Comprehensive Specifications

Dell Studio XPS 8100: Comprehensive Specifications Dell Studio XPS 8100: Comprehensive Specifications This document provides information that you may need when setting up, updating drivers for, and upgrading your computer. NOTE: Offerings may vary by region.

More information

SDRAM and DRAM Memory Systems Overview

SDRAM and DRAM Memory Systems Overview CHAPTER SDRAM and DRAM Memory Systems Overview Product Numbers: MEM-NPE-32MB=, MEM-NPE-64MB=, MEM-NPE-128MB=, MEM-SD-NPE-32MB=, MEM-SD-NPE-64MB=, MEM-SD-NPE-128MB=, MEM-SD-NSE-256MB=, MEM-NPE-400-128MB=,

More information

Choosing the Right NAND Flash Memory Technology

Choosing the Right NAND Flash Memory Technology Choosing the Right NAND Flash Memory Technology A Basic Introduction to NAND Flash Offerings Dean Klein Vice President of System Memory Development Micron Technology, Inc. Executive Summary A 75% increase

More information

Motherboards. Overview. Motherboard Layouts. How Motherboards Work

Motherboards. Overview. Motherboard Layouts. How Motherboards Work Overview Motherboards In this chapter, you will learn to Explain how motherboards work Identify the types of motherboards Explain chipset varieties Upgrade and install motherboards Troubleshoot motherboard

More information

CSCA0201 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING. Chapter 5 Storage Devices

CSCA0201 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING. Chapter 5 Storage Devices CSCA0201 FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTING Chapter 5 Storage Devices 1 1. Computer Data Storage 2. Types of Storage 3. Storage Device Features 4. Other Examples of Storage Device 2 Storage Devices A storage device

More information

PMC Solid State Memory Card Product Manual V1.0 2010-03-01

PMC Solid State Memory Card Product Manual V1.0 2010-03-01 PMC Solid State Memory Card Product Manual V1.0 2010-03-01 Revision History Release Version Date Description Beta1 2010-3-1 First Edition Copyright Reference ANSI/VITA 47-2005, Environments, Design and

More information

Haruji Ishihara. FLASH MEMORY STRUCTURES AND FEATURES Flash memory is classified into two types by

Haruji Ishihara. FLASH MEMORY STRUCTURES AND FEATURES Flash memory is classified into two types by High-Density Flash Hitachi Memory Review and Vol. Flash 47 (1998), Memory No. Card 4 148 High-Density Flash Memory and Flash Memory Card Haruji Ishihara ABSTRACT: Flash memory is becoming a key component

More information

Technologies Supporting Evolution of SSDs

Technologies Supporting Evolution of SSDs Technologies Supporting Evolution of SSDs By TSUCHIYA Kenji Notebook PCs equipped with solid-state drives (SSDs), featuring shock and vibration durability due to the lack of moving parts, appeared on the

More information

EUCIP - IT Administrator. Module 1 - PC Hardware. Version 2.0

EUCIP - IT Administrator. Module 1 - PC Hardware. Version 2.0 EUCIP - IT Administrator Module 1 - PC Hardware Version 2.0 Module 1 Goals Module 1 The PC Hardware module requires the candidate to know and recognise the basic physical make-up of a personal computer

More information

USB 2.0 ALL-IN-ONE Card Reader. Universal 128552

USB 2.0 ALL-IN-ONE Card Reader. Universal 128552 USB 2.0 ALL-IN-ONE Card Reader Universal 128552 INDEX FEATURES... 1 SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS... 1 PACKAGE CONTENTS... 1 MEMORY CARD SLOT... 2 MEDIA ICON PROGRAM INSTALLATION... 5 PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS... 11

More information

Algorithms and Methods for Distributed Storage Networks 3. Solid State Disks Christian Schindelhauer

Algorithms and Methods for Distributed Storage Networks 3. Solid State Disks Christian Schindelhauer Algorithms and Methods for Distributed Storage Networks 3. Solid State Disks Institut für Informatik Wintersemester 2007/08 Solid State Disks Motivation 2 10 5 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 PRODUCTION

More information

Toshiba America Electronic Components, Inc. Flash Memory

Toshiba America Electronic Components, Inc. Flash Memory Toshiba America Electronic Components, Inc. Flash Memory Fact Sheet Company Overview Combining quality and flexibility with design engineering expertise, TAEC brings a breadth of advanced, next-generation

More information

DIMM Technologies DIMM (dual inline memory module) Has independent pins on opposite sides of module

DIMM Technologies DIMM (dual inline memory module) Has independent pins on opposite sides of module 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A+ Guide to Hardware, 4e Chapter 6 Upgrading Memory Objectives Learn about the different kinds of physical memory and how they work Learn how to upgrade memory Learn how to troubleshoot

More information

Industrial Grade Embedded Flash Storage Devices

Industrial Grade Embedded Flash Storage Devices Product Line Data Sheet Industrial Grade Embedded Flash Storage Devices L ong Life Cycles - Fixed BOM Control I ndustry Leading: R ugged, Reliable, Based on select SLC NAND components Handling of Unexpected

More information

Specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation.

Specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation. SPECIFICATIONS Gateway M250 Notebook Specifications are subject to change without notice or obligation. Processor and Core Logic Processor options One Intel Celeron M CPU One Mobile Intel Pentium M CPU

More information

All computers can do is recognise two distinct physical states; essentially they can understand whether a switch is on or off.

All computers can do is recognise two distinct physical states; essentially they can understand whether a switch is on or off. Processing Data The difference between data and information All computers can do is recognise two distinct physical states; essentially they can understand whether a switch is on or off. The brain of the

More information

Large-Capacity Flash Memories and Their Application to Flash Cards

Large-Capacity Flash Memories and Their Application to Flash Cards Large-Capacity Flash Memories and Their Application to Flash Cards 68 Large-Capacity Flash Memories and Their Application to Flash Cards Takashi Totsuka Kazunori Furusawa OVERVIEW: Flash cards using flash

More information

LAPTOP MOTHERBOARD SERVICE TRAINING [LEVEL-2]

LAPTOP MOTHERBOARD SERVICE TRAINING [LEVEL-2] LAPTOP MOTHERBOARD SERVICE TRAINING [LEVEL-2] Duration 30 days Course Type Regular / Fast Track / Weekend Timing Regular : 1.00 Hrs Fast Track : 2.00 Hrs Weekend : 4.00 Hrs We Provide Common: Course Materials

More information

3ME Series. Customer Approver. Approver. Customer: Customer Part Number: Innodisk Part Number: Model Name: Date:

3ME Series. Customer Approver. Approver. Customer: Customer Part Number: Innodisk Part Number: Model Name: Date: 3ME Series Customer: Customer Part Number: Innodisk Part Number: Innodisk Model Name: Date: Innodisk Approver Customer Approver Table of contents 2.5 SATA SSD 3ME LIST OF FIGURES... 6 1. PRODUCT OVERVIEW...

More information

Nasir Memon Polytechnic Institute of NYU

Nasir Memon Polytechnic Institute of NYU Nasir Memon Polytechnic Institute of NYU SSD Drive Technology Overview SSD Drive Components NAND FLASH Microcontroller SSD Drive Forensics Challenges Overview SSD s are fairly new to the market Whereas

More information

Integrating Solid State Storage and DRAM onto Standard Memory Module Form Factor (SSDDR)

Integrating Solid State Storage and DRAM onto Standard Memory Module Form Factor (SSDDR) Integrating Solid State Storage and onto Standard Memory Module Form Factor (SSDDR) Phan Hoang Virtium Technology, Inc. V.P. of Research & Development August 2009 1 Agenda The Need to Integrate SSD & onto

More information

Random Access Memory (RAM) Types of RAM. RAM Random Access Memory Jamie Tees SDRAM. Micro-DIMM SO-DIMM

Random Access Memory (RAM) Types of RAM. RAM Random Access Memory Jamie Tees SDRAM. Micro-DIMM SO-DIMM Random Access Memory (RAM) Sends/Receives data quickly between CPU This is way quicker than using just the HDD RAM holds temporary data used by any open application or active / running process Multiple

More information

Industrial Flash Storage Module

Industrial Flash Storage Module April 9, 2012 Version 1. 1 Industrial Flash Storage Module Author: Precyan Lee E-mail: precyan.lee@advatech.com.tw April 9, 2012 Version 1. 1 Table of Contents Current Market Trends for Flash Storage...

More information

I. Ch 6 The System Unit

I. Ch 6 The System Unit I. Ch 6 The System Unit A. Competencies 1. Describe the four basic types of system units. 2. Discuss how a computer uses binary codes to represent data in electronic form. 3. Describe each of the major

More information

Technical Product Specifications Dell Dimension 2400 Created by: Scott Puckett

Technical Product Specifications Dell Dimension 2400 Created by: Scott Puckett Technical Product Specifications Dell Dimension 2400 Created by: Scott Puckett Page 1 of 11 Table of Contents Technical Product Specifications Model 3 PC Technical Diagrams Front Exterior Specifications

More information

Installation Procedures

Installation Procedures Chapter 2 Installation Procedures The mainboard has several user-adjustable jumpers/switches on the board that allow you to configure your system to suit your requirements. This chapter contains information

More information

Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit

Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit The System Unit Box-like case that contains computer s electronic components Sometimes called the chassis What are common components inside the system unit?

More information

Chapter 6. Introduction. System Unit. The System Unit

Chapter 6. Introduction. System Unit. The System Unit Chapter 6 The System Unit McGraw-Hill/Irwin Copyright 2008 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. 1 Introduction Speed, capacity, and flexibility determine the power of microcomputers.

More information

Our innovation, Your Applications. Your Own Custom Embedded Board in 5 weeks!

Our innovation, Your Applications. Your Own Custom Embedded Board in 5 weeks! Our innovation, Your Applications Your Own Custom Embedded Board in 5 weeks! What is Mi-embedded? 4 Boards, 5 weeks, 6k, almost as easy as 1,2,3 Long Product life 7 year extended lifetime CPUs Extended

More information

Chapter 6. Inside the System Unit. What You Will Learn... Computers Are Your Future. What You Will Learn... Describing Hardware Performance

Chapter 6. Inside the System Unit. What You Will Learn... Computers Are Your Future. What You Will Learn... Describing Hardware Performance What You Will Learn... Computers Are Your Future Chapter 6 Understand how computers represent data Understand the measurements used to describe data transfer rates and data storage capacity List the components

More information

USB 3.0 Flash Memory Card Reader Installation Guide

USB 3.0 Flash Memory Card Reader Installation Guide USB 3.0 Flash Memory Card Reader Installation Guide Introduction The USB 3.0 Flash Memory Card Reader is the perfect choice for computer users looking for a flash memory card reader/writer that's portable

More information

Obj: Sec 1.0, to describe the relationship between hardware and software HW: Read p.2 9. Do Now: Name 3 parts of the computer.

Obj: Sec 1.0, to describe the relationship between hardware and software HW: Read p.2 9. Do Now: Name 3 parts of the computer. C1 D1 Obj: Sec 1.0, to describe the relationship between hardware and software HW: Read p.2 9 Do Now: Name 3 parts of the computer. 1 Hardware and Software Hardware the physical, tangible parts of a computer

More information

NAND Flash Architecture and Specification Trends

NAND Flash Architecture and Specification Trends NAND Flash Architecture and Specification Trends Michael Abraham (mabraham@micron.com) NAND Solutions Group Architect Micron Technology, Inc. August 2012 1 Topics NAND Flash Architecture Trends The Cloud

More information

Semiconductor Device Technology for Implementing System Solutions: Memory Modules

Semiconductor Device Technology for Implementing System Solutions: Memory Modules Hitachi Review Vol. 47 (1998), No. 4 141 Semiconductor Device Technology for Implementing System Solutions: Memory Modules Toshio Sugano Atsushi Hiraishi Shin ichi Ikenaga ABSTRACT: New technology is producing

More information

Dimensions. System Information. Height (with 6-cell battery): 27.90 mm (1.10 inches) 376.00 mm (14.80 inches) 259.00 mm (10.

Dimensions. System Information. Height (with 6-cell battery): 27.90 mm (1.10 inches) 376.00 mm (14.80 inches) 259.00 mm (10. 15R Specifications 2012 2013 Dell Inc. Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and Inspiron are trademarks of Dell Inc. Intel, Celeron, and Pentium are registered trademarks, and Core is a trademark

More information

HARDWARE INPUT DEVICES

HARDWARE INPUT DEVICES There are five categories of Hardware: HARDWARE 1) Input Devices 2) Output Devices 3) Memory Devices (Primary Storage) 4) Storage Devices (Secondary Storage) 5) Processor (Central Processing Unit) INPUT

More information

Week 8. Memory and Memory Interfacing

Week 8. Memory and Memory Interfacing Week 8 Memory and Memory Interfacing Semiconductor Memory Fundamentals In the design of all computers, semiconductor memories are used as primary storage for data and code. They are connected directly

More information

Computer Hardware HARDWARE. Computer Hardware. Mainboard (Motherboard) Instructor Özgür ZEYDAN

Computer Hardware HARDWARE. Computer Hardware. Mainboard (Motherboard) Instructor Özgür ZEYDAN Computer Hardware HARDWARE Hardware: the collection of physical elements that comprise a computer system. Bülent Ecevit University Department of Environmental Engineering 1. Case and inside 2. Peripherals

More information

SUPERTALENT PCI EXPRESS RAIDDRIVE PERFORMANCE WHITEPAPER

SUPERTALENT PCI EXPRESS RAIDDRIVE PERFORMANCE WHITEPAPER RAIDDrive PCIe SSD Performance SUPERTALENT PCI EXPRESS RAIDDRIVE PERFORMANCE WHITEPAPER PCI EXPRESS SOLID STATE DRIVE Copyright 2009, Super Talent Technology. All rights reserved. All trademarks property

More information

Computer Basics Worksheet

Computer Basics Worksheet Computer Basics Worksheet Name: Directions: Complete this worksheet by filling in the blanks or as directed by your instructor. To learn about each section click and visit the Unit 1 page under Resources.

More information

Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit

Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit Chapter 4 The Components of the System Unit Chapter 4 Objectives Differentiate among various styles of system units Differentiate among the various types of memory Identify chips, adapter cards, and other

More information

(1.07 inches to 1.37 inches) 376 mm (14.80 inches) 259 mm (10.20 inches)

(1.07 inches to 1.37 inches) 376 mm (14.80 inches) 259 mm (10.20 inches) 15 Specifications 2012 2013 Dell Inc. Trademarks used in this text: Dell, the DELL logo, and Inspiron are trademarks of Dell Inc. Intel, Pentium, and Celeron are registered trademarks and Core is a trademark

More information

ARM Cortex -A8 SBC with MIPI CSI Camera and Spartan -6 FPGA SBC1654

ARM Cortex -A8 SBC with MIPI CSI Camera and Spartan -6 FPGA SBC1654 ARM Cortex -A8 SBC with MIPI CSI Camera and Spartan -6 FPGA SBC1654 Features ARM Cortex-A8 processor, 800MHz Xilinx Spartan-6 FPGA expands vision processing capabilities Dual MIPI CSI-2 CMOS camera ports,

More information

9/23/2011. The box that contains the central electronic components of the computer: 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc Prentice-Hall, Inc.

9/23/2011. The box that contains the central electronic components of the computer: 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc Prentice-Hall, Inc. Computer Hardware 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 1 THE SYSTEM UNIT 2008 Prentice-Hall, Inc. 2 The box that contains the central electronic components of the computer: CPU/RAM/ motherboard Expansion cards Power

More information

Introducing the Industrial i.mx25 ARM9 TM Applications Processor

Introducing the Industrial i.mx25 ARM9 TM Applications Processor July, 2009 Introducing the Industrial i.mx25 ARM9 Applications Processor Ethernet, CAN, USB Amanda McGregor i.mx Product Marketing Purpose Introduction Overview of the Freescale i.mx25 family of ARM 9-based

More information

HP Z Turbo Drive PCIe SSD

HP Z Turbo Drive PCIe SSD Performance Evaluation of HP Z Turbo Drive PCIe SSD Powered by Samsung XP941 technology Evaluation Conducted Independently by: Hamid Taghavi Senior Technical Consultant June 2014 Sponsored by: P a g e

More information

Discovering Computers 2011. Living in a Digital World

Discovering Computers 2011. Living in a Digital World Discovering Computers 2011 Living in a Digital World Objectives Overview Differentiate among various styles of system units on desktop computers, notebook computers, and mobile devices Identify chips,

More information

Screen Size 15.6" Size of the screen, in inches, measured

Screen Size 15.6 Size of the screen, in inches, measured HP - Touch smart 15.6" Touch-Screen Laptop - Intel Core i3-4gb Memory - 750GB Hard Drive - Black Licorice Model: 15-r017dx; UPC 888793149157 Warranty Terms - Parts Warranty Terms - Labor Height Width Depth

More information

85MIV2 / 85MIV2-L -- Components Locations

85MIV2 / 85MIV2-L -- Components Locations Chapter Specification 85MIV2 / 85MIV2-L -- Components Locations RJ45 LAN Connector for 85MIV2-L only PS/2 Peripheral Mouse (on top) Power PS/2 K/B(underside) RJ45 (on top) +2V Power USB0 (middle) USB(underside)

More information

Flash Memory Storage Solutions From the Worldwide Flash Card Leader.

Flash Memory Storage Solutions From the Worldwide Flash Card Leader. Flash Memory Storage Solutions From the Worldwide Flash Card Leader. More people rely on SanDisk memory cards than any other brand in the world, and for good reasons. As a pioneer and leader in the field,

More information

Configuring Memory on the HP Business Desktop dx5150

Configuring Memory on the HP Business Desktop dx5150 Configuring Memory on the HP Business Desktop dx5150 Abstract... 2 Glossary of Terms... 2 Introduction... 2 Main Memory Configuration... 3 Single-channel vs. Dual-channel... 3 Memory Type and Speed...

More information

EXCERIA CATCH THE PERFECT SHOT

EXCERIA CATCH THE PERFECT SHOT EXCERIA CATCH THE PERFECT SHOT THE NEW EXCERIA RANGE LIVE YOUR PASSION WITH OUR FASTEST LINEUP EXPERIENCE EXCELLENCE PERFECTION The EXCERIA range of ultra high performance CompactFlash, SD and microsd

More information

Embedded Operating Systems in a Point of Sale Environment. White Paper

Embedded Operating Systems in a Point of Sale Environment. White Paper Embedded Operating Systems in a Point of Sale Environment White Paper December 2008 Contents Embedded Operating Systems in a POS Environment... 3 Overview... 3 POS Operating Systems... 3 Operating Systems

More information

NOR-based ROM. 05 Storage system and I/O. 05.04 Non-volatile memory chips. NAND and NOR memories Floating gate transistors FLASH memories WL 1 WL 2

NOR-based ROM. 05 Storage system and I/O. 05.04 Non-volatile memory chips. NAND and NOR memories Floating gate transistors FLASH memories WL 1 WL 2 05 Storage system and I/O NAND and NOR memories Floating gate transistors FLASH memories alessandro bogliolo isti information science and technology institute 1/10 NOR-based ROM charge WL 0 WL 1 WL 2 WL

More information

CPU Chipset Platform LCD Size Model 12" EP-162-910 15" EP-165-910

CPU Chipset Platform LCD Size Model 12 EP-162-910 15 EP-165-910 EP Series Product Line CPU Chipset Platform LCD Size Model 12" EP-162-910 Celeron M 910GML 15" EP-165-910 CPU Chipset Platform LCD Size Model Celeron M / Core 2 Duo (Pentium M/ Core Duo/ Core 2 Duo Supported)

More information

NAND Basics Understanding the Technology Behind Your SSD

NAND Basics Understanding the Technology Behind Your SSD 03 Basics Understanding the Technology Behind Your SSD Although it may all look the same, all is not created equal: SLC, 2-bit MLC, 3-bit MLC (also called TLC), synchronous, asynchronous, ONFI 1.0, ONFI

More information

Chapter 4 System Unit Components. Discovering Computers 2012. Your Interactive Guide to the Digital World

Chapter 4 System Unit Components. Discovering Computers 2012. Your Interactive Guide to the Digital World Chapter 4 System Unit Components Discovering Computers 2012 Your Interactive Guide to the Digital World Objectives Overview Differentiate among various styles of system units on desktop computers, notebook

More information

Hardware. What s inside the. box?

Hardware. What s inside the. box? Hardware What s inside the box? Inside the case Motherboard CPU Hard Disk Memory Ethernet Card Optical Drive Power Supply Fan Video Card Sound Card http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-gqmtitmdas Motherboard

More information

Wired / Wireless / PoE. CMOS Internet Camera ICA-107 / ICA-107W / ICA-107P. Quick Installation Guide

Wired / Wireless / PoE. CMOS Internet Camera ICA-107 / ICA-107W / ICA-107P. Quick Installation Guide Wired / Wireless / PoE CMOS Internet Camera ICA-107 / ICA-107W / ICA-107P Quick Installation Guide Table of Contents 1. Package Contents... 3 2. System Requirements... 4 3. Outlook... 5 Front panel of

More information

Chapter 28 - - Memory Cards and Readers for Digital Cameras

Chapter 28 - - Memory Cards and Readers for Digital Cameras Chapter 28 - - Memory Cards and Readers for Digital Cameras The most popular types of flash memory cards for use in digital cameras are: Secure Digital (SD), CompactFlash (CF), SmartMedia (SM), Memory

More information

MSI P4N Diamond/SLI-FI Motherboard

MSI P4N Diamond/SLI-FI Motherboard MSI P4N Diamond/SLI-FI Motherboard Notice: Due to NVIDIA's chipset limitations, Intel Pentium D 820 CPU's dual core mode is not supported on this motherboard and will only work in single core mode. Chipset

More information

1.8 MICRO SATA III MLC SSD

1.8 MICRO SATA III MLC SSD 1.8 MICRO SATA III MLC SSD HERMES-F Series Product Specification APRO 1.8 Micro SATA III MLC SSD Version 01V1 Document No. 100-xP8SF-JFTM April 2015 APRO CO., LTD. Phone: +88628226-1539 Fax: +88628226-1389

More information

The System Unit The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved.

The System Unit The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Describe the six basic types of system units. Discuss how a computer can represent numbers and encode characters electronically. Describe each of the major system unit components. Discuss microprocessors,

More information

ExpressCard 12-in-1 Reader/Writer Quick Installation Guide

ExpressCard 12-in-1 Reader/Writer Quick Installation Guide ExpressCard 12-in-1 Reader/Writer Quick Installation Guide Features and Benefits Supports Memory Stick (MS), Memory Stick PRO, Memory Stick Duo, Memory Stick Pro Duo, Secure Digital (SD), minisd, microsd,

More information

Memory ν Holds. Programs and data that have been inputted Intermediate processing results

Memory ν Holds. Programs and data that have been inputted Intermediate processing results Chapter HW 1 THE CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT AND MEMORY In this module we look hardware, the physical makeup of a computer system. In this chapter we learn how computers work inside. Two Types of Computers

More information