Calculate Highest Common Factors(HCFs) & Least Common Multiples(LCMs) NA1

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Calculate Highest Common Factors(HCFs) & Least Common Multiples(LCMs) NA1"

Transcription

1 Calculate Highest Common Factors(HCFs) & Least Common Multiples(LCMs) NA1 What are the multiples of 5? The multiples are in the five times table What are the factors of 90? Each of these is a pair of factors. There are 6 pairs of factors, hence 1 factors. 1 5 = 5 5 = 10 5 = = = = 90 0 = = = = 90 the number itself is a multiple. So 5, 10, 15, 0, etc are multiples of 5 1 and the number itself are also factors. So 1,,, 5, 6, 9, 10, 15, 18, 0, 45, 90 are factors of 90 Lowest Common Multiples Calculate the Lowest Common Multiple of 45 and 60. Multiples of 45: 45, 90, 15, 180, 5, Multiples of 60: 60, 10, 180, 40, It s 180 a) Calculate the Lowest Common Multiple of 8 and 1. List the multiples of the two numbers & ask 'what is the smallest number common to both lists?' This is the LCM. So 180 is the LCM of 45 and 60 Definition The Lowest Common Multiple of or more numbers is the lowest number that can be divided by all of these numbers. Highest Common Factors Calculate the Highest Common Factor of 45 and 60. Factors of 45: 1,, 5, 9, 15, 45. Factors of 60: 1,,, 4, 5, 6, 10, 1, 15, 0, 0, 60. b) Calculate the Highest Common Factor of 8 and 1. It s 15 List the factors of the two numbers & ask 'what is the largest number common to both lists?' This is the HCF. So 15 is the HCF of 45 and 60 Definition The Highest Common Factor of or more numbers is the highest number that can divide into all of these numbers. Observation 180 is the Lowest Common Multiple of 45 and is the Highest Common Factor of 45 and 60. The Lowest Common Multiple is a BIG number The Highest Common Factor is a SMALL number 1. Calculate the LCM of 1 and 0.. Calculate the HCF of 1 and 0.

2 Know what a Prime Number is NA A prime number is special because it only has TWO factors: 1 and itself. Here is a list of factors for the first few whole numbers. 1: 1 : 1,. : 1,. 4: 1,, 4. 5: 1, 5. 6: 1,,, 6. 7: 1, 7. Are either of 101 or 1001 prime? Ask the question Try the next prime Does go into 101 exactly? Does go into 101 exactly? Does 5 go into 101 exactly? Does 7 go into 101 exactly? Does 1 go into 101 exactly? You can keep trying but you will find no additional factors! Which numbers have exactly TWO factors? The first seven prime numbers are:,, 5, 7, 11, 1, 17, 1 is not a prime number as it has only ONE factor Look for the factors systematically by dividing the number using the prime numbers Prime Numbers Does go into 1001 exactly? Does go into 1001 exactly? Does 5 go into 1001 exactly? Does 7 go into 1001 exactly? If you find another factor stop! 1001 is NOT prime because it has at 101 is prime. least three factors i.e. 1, 1001 and 7! a) Blank out the above before you start; now list the numbers 1 to 5 and decide which are prime. Extra When do you stop trying to find factors? Stop looking when you have tried all of the prime numbers up to the square root of the number. Continuing from the example of whether 101 is a prime number, 1 1 is bigger than 101 so there is no factor between 1 and 101 i.e There is no additional factor between 1 and 101, so there are no additional factors. If there is an additional factor pair, then the smallest factor of the pair must be between 1 and the square root of the number. Hey Why stop there? It is based on the idea that factors come in pairs AND (in this example) that the missing factor pair lies between and Write Whole Numbers as the Product of Primes NA Write 90 as the product of primes. Remember Product means multiplication 90 does divide by exactly! Method Draw a factor tree So 90 written as a product of primes: 90 = 5 b) Write 160 as the product of primes Begin by dividing by the first prime number,. If the number does not divide by this prime, then try dividing by the next prime and then the next etc. 45 does not divide by, so try This is 90 written as its product of prime factors 1. What is a prime number?. Which of, 19, 77, 100 are prime?. Write 100 as the product of primes.

3 Calculate with Negative Numbers with & without a Calculator using + NA Two negatives multiplied together are positive. Similarly, two negatives one divided by the other are positive. The results are summarised as follows: 1. 4 = 8. 4 =. 4 = = + + = = + = + = + + = + = + = + = Also use the rules when + symbols are next to each other! 5. or written ( ) = + = or written + ( ) = = 0 Find a) 8 b) 1 9 c) 10 Hint: This is a way of writing10 d) 8 4 e) 5 6 Calculator Check Make sure you can use your calculator each one is different Do the examples 1-4 above on your calculator. Check you get the 4 results shown. To enter a negative number 6 OR 1 ± 6 ±. use the ± button or the ( ) button, e.g. To enter 1 6, press, ( ) 1 ( ) Reminder Normal subtractions are calculated by simply moving along the number line. 4 = = Find Substitute Numbers into a Formula NA4 1 Replace the letter, x, with For the equation, y = x + 7, its specified value,. For the equation, y = x 7x +, find y when x is. It s an excellent habit to place the find y when x is substituted values in brackets!! Look at the sign to the y = ( ) + 7 Reminder left of the number to help y = ( ) 7( ) = + you do the multiplication. y = = + y = = + = 7 ( ) = 14 y = 1 y = = 8 Remember ( ) = ( ) ( ) = 4 a) In s 1) and ) above, find y when x is. b) In s 1) and ) above, find y when x is. 1. Find y when x is, where y = 7 x. Find y when x is 5, where y = 1 x

4 Know & use the Index Laws (using numbers) NA5 Index Laws 0 = 1 All numbers to the power 0 are 1 a b = a+b For multiplication just add the indices a b = a b For division just subtract the indices ( a ) b = a b For power (repeated multiplication) just multiply the indices These are the index laws using the number. The laws work with any number as long as the base number is the same! So 4 a 4 b = 4 a+b But watch out with 4 a 5 b. Why do the index laws work? Calculate 4 4 means The base numbers are different so index laws don t work!! means So 4 means which is just 6 5 means 5 which means. Cancel the s, = = This is just the two indices added i.e. + 4 This is just the two indices subtracted i.e. 5 ( 5 ) means 5 5 5, this means ( ) ( ) ( ) = 15 We could just add these indices = 15!! This is just the two indices, 5 and, multiplied i.e. 5 a) Learn the four index laws above b) Write i) 6 in the form a ii) (4 4 ) 6 in the form 4 b Index laws Know & use the Index Laws (using letters) NA5 a 0 = 1 All numbers to the power 0 are 1 a x a y = a x+y For multiplication just add the indices a x a y = a x y x a For division just subtract the indices also written a y = a x y (a x ) y = a xy For power (repeated multiplication) just multiply the indices These laws are essentially the same as above but having replaced the base number with the letter a a. a a 9 = a + 9 = a 1 b. b 4 b = b 4 = b 1 = b The letters must be the same for the index laws to work! c. (c 4 ) 7 = c 4 7 = c 8 c) Learn these four index laws d) Simplify i) e 5 e ii) (m 8 ) 4 Remember Numbers to the power 1 are just themselves e.g. 1 = OR b 1 = b Simplify using the index laws ( 8 ) 7 4. x x 9 5. y 5 y 6. (z 4 ) 7

5 Round to a Given Number of Significant Figures (s.f.) NA6 ignore these! Round to 1 s.f The number after the required significant figure is 1. So round down. Round down by ignoring numbers after. So this becomes just to 1 s.f.!! 1 s.f. just means the first digit which isn t a zero, i.e. in this case. Round to 5 s.f This is the 5th significant figure. The number after this is 9. This is 5 or higher so round up. Round up by increasing this by one. So this becomes.1417 to 5 s.f.!! 6+1 = 7 Look at the number after the required significant figure. Round up if this number is 5 or higher. Round down if this number is 4 or below. Round down by ignoring numbers after the required significant figure. Round up by rounding the required significant figure up by one digit and ignore numbers thereafter. Round to a) s.f. b) s.f. c) 4 s.f. Round to s.f. This is the rd significant figure. The number after this is 5. This is 5 and over so round up. Round up by increasing this by one. So this becomes 0.41 to s.f.!! For SMALL numbers between 0 and 1 Watch Out!! Front noughts are not significant = 1 This is not a front nought so it is significant This is a front nought so it is not significant! d) Round to s.f. e) Round to 4 s.f. Hint: these noughts are not significant. These ones still are significant Extra notes on Estimation In your examination you will be expected to round your answers as appropriate, often to or significant figures. Occasional examination questions will require you to estimate a simple numerical calculation. Normally this requires you to simply round the numbers to a convenient number and then calculate - often rounding to 1 significant figure is appropriate Estimate = = 1. 5 Estimate (. 9) 8 ( 4). 15 = = 16 Note: means approximately equals to Round the following to the number of significant figures in brackets () () () ()

Number boards for mini mental sessions

Number boards for mini mental sessions Number boards for mini mental sessions Feel free to edit the document as you wish and customise boards and questions to suit your learners levels Print and laminate for extra sturdiness. Ideal for working

More information

Tool 1. Greatest Common Factor (GCF)

Tool 1. Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Chapter 4: Factoring Review Tool 1 Greatest Common Factor (GCF) This is a very important tool. You must try to factor out the GCF first in every problem. Some problems do not have a GCF but many do. When

More information

1.3 Algebraic Expressions

1.3 Algebraic Expressions 1.3 Algebraic Expressions A polynomial is an expression of the form: a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 +... + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 The numbers a 1, a 2,..., a n are called coefficients. Each of the separate parts,

More information

Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations

Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations Factoring Polynomials and Solving Quadratic Equations Math Tutorial Lab Special Topic Factoring Factoring Binomials Remember that a binomial is just a polynomial with two terms. Some examples include 2x+3

More information

( ) FACTORING. x In this polynomial the only variable in common to all is x.

( ) FACTORING. x In this polynomial the only variable in common to all is x. FACTORING Factoring is similar to breaking up a number into its multiples. For example, 10=5*. The multiples are 5 and. In a polynomial it is the same way, however, the procedure is somewhat more complicated

More information

Factoring and Applications

Factoring and Applications Factoring and Applications What is a factor? The Greatest Common Factor (GCF) To factor a number means to write it as a product (multiplication). Therefore, in the problem 48 3, 4 and 8 are called the

More information

If A is divided by B the result is 2/3. If B is divided by C the result is 4/7. What is the result if A is divided by C?

If A is divided by B the result is 2/3. If B is divided by C the result is 4/7. What is the result if A is divided by C? Problem 3 If A is divided by B the result is 2/3. If B is divided by C the result is 4/7. What is the result if A is divided by C? Suggested Questions to ask students about Problem 3 The key to this question

More information

A Systematic Approach to Factoring

A Systematic Approach to Factoring A Systematic Approach to Factoring Step 1 Count the number of terms. (Remember****Knowing the number of terms will allow you to eliminate unnecessary tools.) Step 2 Is there a greatest common factor? Tool

More information

CAHSEE on Target UC Davis, School and University Partnerships

CAHSEE on Target UC Davis, School and University Partnerships UC Davis, School and University Partnerships CAHSEE on Target Mathematics Curriculum Published by The University of California, Davis, School/University Partnerships Program 006 Director Sarah R. Martinez,

More information

SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS

SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS (Section 0.6: Polynomial, Rational, and Algebraic Expressions) 0.6.1 SECTION 0.6: POLYNOMIAL, RATIONAL, AND ALGEBRAIC EXPRESSIONS LEARNING OBJECTIVES Be able to identify polynomial, rational, and algebraic

More information

1.5. Factorisation. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style

1.5. Factorisation. Introduction. Prerequisites. Learning Outcomes. Learning Style Factorisation 1.5 Introduction In Block 4 we showed the way in which brackets were removed from algebraic expressions. Factorisation, which can be considered as the reverse of this process, is dealt with

More information

FACTORING QUADRATICS 8.1.1 and 8.1.2

FACTORING QUADRATICS 8.1.1 and 8.1.2 FACTORING QUADRATICS 8.1.1 and 8.1.2 Chapter 8 introduces students to quadratic equations. These equations can be written in the form of y = ax 2 + bx + c and, when graphed, produce a curve called a parabola.

More information

JUST THE MATHS UNIT NUMBER 1.8. ALGEBRA 8 (Polynomials) A.J.Hobson

JUST THE MATHS UNIT NUMBER 1.8. ALGEBRA 8 (Polynomials) A.J.Hobson JUST THE MATHS UNIT NUMBER 1.8 ALGEBRA 8 (Polynomials) by A.J.Hobson 1.8.1 The factor theorem 1.8.2 Application to quadratic and cubic expressions 1.8.3 Cubic equations 1.8.4 Long division of polynomials

More information

2.3. Finding polynomial functions. An Introduction:

2.3. Finding polynomial functions. An Introduction: 2.3. Finding polynomial functions. An Introduction: As is usually the case when learning a new concept in mathematics, the new concept is the reverse of the previous one. Remember how you first learned

More information

FACTORISATION YEARS. A guide for teachers - Years 9 10 June 2011. The Improving Mathematics Education in Schools (TIMES) Project

FACTORISATION YEARS. A guide for teachers - Years 9 10 June 2011. The Improving Mathematics Education in Schools (TIMES) Project 9 10 YEARS The Improving Mathematics Education in Schools (TIMES) Project FACTORISATION NUMBER AND ALGEBRA Module 33 A guide for teachers - Years 9 10 June 2011 Factorisation (Number and Algebra : Module

More information

MEP Y9 Practice Book A

MEP Y9 Practice Book A 1 Base Arithmetic 1.1 Binary Numbers We normally work with numbers in base 10. In this section we consider numbers in base 2, often called binary numbers. In base 10 we use the digits 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5,

More information

Section 5.0A Factoring Part 1

Section 5.0A Factoring Part 1 Section 5.0A Factoring Part 1 I. Work Together A. Multiply the following binomials into trinomials. (Write the final result in descending order, i.e., a + b + c ). ( 7)( + 5) ( + 7)( + ) ( + 7)( + 5) (

More information

Factors and Products

Factors and Products CHAPTER 3 Factors and Products What You ll Learn use different strategies to find factors and multiples of whole numbers identify prime factors and write the prime factorization of a number find square

More information

Algebraic expressions are a combination of numbers and variables. Here are examples of some basic algebraic expressions.

Algebraic expressions are a combination of numbers and variables. Here are examples of some basic algebraic expressions. Page 1 of 13 Review of Linear Expressions and Equations Skills involving linear equations can be divided into the following groups: Simplifying algebraic expressions. Linear expressions. Solving linear

More information

Welcome to Math 19500 Video Lessons. Stanley Ocken. Department of Mathematics The City College of New York Fall 2013

Welcome to Math 19500 Video Lessons. Stanley Ocken. Department of Mathematics The City College of New York Fall 2013 Welcome to Math 19500 Video Lessons Prof. Department of Mathematics The City College of New York Fall 2013 An important feature of the following Beamer slide presentations is that you, the reader, move

More information

Factoring. Factoring Monomials Monomials can often be factored in more than one way.

Factoring. Factoring Monomials Monomials can often be factored in more than one way. Factoring Factoring is the reverse of multiplying. When we multiplied monomials or polynomials together, we got a new monomial or a string of monomials that were added (or subtracted) together. For example,

More information

Transition To College Mathematics

Transition To College Mathematics Transition To College Mathematics In Support of Kentucky s College and Career Readiness Program Northern Kentucky University Kentucky Online Testing (KYOTE) Group Steve Newman Mike Waters Janis Broering

More information

Primes. Name Period Number Theory

Primes. Name Period Number Theory Primes Name Period A Prime Number is a whole number whose only factors are 1 and itself. To find all of the prime numbers between 1 and 100, complete the following exercise: 1. Cross out 1 by Shading in

More information

Coin Flip Questions. Suppose you flip a coin five times and write down the sequence of results, like HHHHH or HTTHT.

Coin Flip Questions. Suppose you flip a coin five times and write down the sequence of results, like HHHHH or HTTHT. Coin Flip Questions Suppose you flip a coin five times and write down the sequence of results, like HHHHH or HTTHT. 1 How many ways can you get exactly 1 head? 2 How many ways can you get exactly 2 heads?

More information

Chapter 5. Rational Expressions

Chapter 5. Rational Expressions 5.. Simplify Rational Expressions KYOTE Standards: CR ; CA 7 Chapter 5. Rational Expressions Definition. A rational expression is the quotient P Q of two polynomials P and Q in one or more variables, where

More information

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring

1.3 Polynomials and Factoring 1.3 Polynomials and Factoring Polynomials Constant: a number, such as 5 or 27 Variable: a letter or symbol that represents a value. Term: a constant, variable, or the product or a constant and variable.

More information

Section 1. Finding Common Terms

Section 1. Finding Common Terms Worksheet 2.1 Factors of Algebraic Expressions Section 1 Finding Common Terms In worksheet 1.2 we talked about factors of whole numbers. Remember, if a b = ab then a is a factor of ab and b is a factor

More information

SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS - COMPARE THE FACTORING ac METHOD AND THE NEW DIAGONAL SUM METHOD By Nghi H. Nguyen

SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS - COMPARE THE FACTORING ac METHOD AND THE NEW DIAGONAL SUM METHOD By Nghi H. Nguyen SOLVING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS - COMPARE THE FACTORING ac METHOD AND THE NEW DIAGONAL SUM METHOD By Nghi H. Nguyen A. GENERALITIES. When a given quadratic equation can be factored, there are 2 best methods

More information

Domain of a Composition

Domain of a Composition Domain of a Composition Definition Given the function f and g, the composition of f with g is a function defined as (f g)() f(g()). The domain of f g is the set of all real numbers in the domain of g such

More information

Time Value of Money 1

Time Value of Money 1 Time Value of Money 1 This topic introduces you to the analysis of trade-offs over time. Financial decisions involve costs and benefits that are spread over time. Financial decision makers in households

More information

Name Intro to Algebra 2. Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring

Name Intro to Algebra 2. Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring Name Intro to Algebra 2 Unit 1: Polynomials and Factoring Date Page Topic Homework 9/3 2 Polynomial Vocabulary No Homework 9/4 x In Class assignment None 9/5 3 Adding and Subtracting Polynomials Pg. 332

More information

PowerScore Test Preparation (800) 545-1750

PowerScore Test Preparation (800) 545-1750 Question 1 Test 1, Second QR Section (version 1) List A: 0, 5,, 15, 20... QA: Standard deviation of list A QB: Standard deviation of list B Statistics: Standard Deviation Answer: The two quantities are

More information

What are the place values to the left of the decimal point and their associated powers of ten?

What are the place values to the left of the decimal point and their associated powers of ten? The verbal answers to all of the following questions should be memorized before completion of algebra. Answers that are not memorized will hinder your ability to succeed in geometry and algebra. (Everything

More information

Math Review. for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test

Math Review. for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test Math Review for the Quantitative Reasoning Measure of the GRE revised General Test www.ets.org Overview This Math Review will familiarize you with the mathematical skills and concepts that are important

More information

COLLEGE ALGEBRA. Paul Dawkins

COLLEGE ALGEBRA. Paul Dawkins COLLEGE ALGEBRA Paul Dawkins Table of Contents Preface... iii Outline... iv Preliminaries... Introduction... Integer Exponents... Rational Exponents... 9 Real Exponents...5 Radicals...6 Polynomials...5

More information

5 means to write it as a product something times something instead of a sum something plus something plus something.

5 means to write it as a product something times something instead of a sum something plus something plus something. Intermediate algebra Class notes Factoring Introduction (section 6.1) Recall we factor 10 as 5. Factoring something means to think of it as a product! Factors versus terms: terms: things we are adding

More information

Algebra Practice Problems for Precalculus and Calculus

Algebra Practice Problems for Precalculus and Calculus Algebra Practice Problems for Precalculus and Calculus Solve the following equations for the unknown x: 1. 5 = 7x 16 2. 2x 3 = 5 x 3. 4. 1 2 (x 3) + x = 17 + 3(4 x) 5 x = 2 x 3 Multiply the indicated polynomials

More information

Algebra 1 If you are okay with that placement then you have no further action to take Algebra 1 Portion of the Math Placement Test

Algebra 1 If you are okay with that placement then you have no further action to take Algebra 1 Portion of the Math Placement Test Dear Parents, Based on the results of the High School Placement Test (HSPT), your child should forecast to take Algebra 1 this fall. If you are okay with that placement then you have no further action

More information

Factoring Quadratic Expressions

Factoring Quadratic Expressions Factoring the trinomial ax 2 + bx + c when a = 1 A trinomial in the form x 2 + bx + c can be factored to equal (x + m)(x + n) when the product of m x n equals c and the sum of m + n equals b. (Note: the

More information

FACTORING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

FACTORING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS FACTORING QUADRATIC EQUATIONS Summary 1. Difference of squares... 1 2. Mise en évidence simple... 2 3. compounded factorization... 3 4. Exercises... 7 The goal of this section is to summarize the methods

More information

Factoring Quadratic Trinomials

Factoring Quadratic Trinomials Factoring Quadratic Trinomials Student Probe Factor Answer: Lesson Description This lesson uses the area model of multiplication to factor quadratic trinomials Part 1 of the lesson consists of circle puzzles

More information

Factoring Numbers. Factoring numbers means that we break numbers down into the other whole numbers that multiply

Factoring Numbers. Factoring numbers means that we break numbers down into the other whole numbers that multiply Factoring Numbers Author/Creation: Pamela Dorr, September 2010. Summary: Describes two methods to help students determine the factors of a number. Learning Objectives: To define prime number and composite

More information

6 EXTENDING ALGEBRA. 6.0 Introduction. 6.1 The cubic equation. Objectives

6 EXTENDING ALGEBRA. 6.0 Introduction. 6.1 The cubic equation. Objectives 6 EXTENDING ALGEBRA Chapter 6 Extending Algebra Objectives After studying this chapter you should understand techniques whereby equations of cubic degree and higher can be solved; be able to factorise

More information

Why should we learn this? One real-world connection is to find the rate of change in an airplane s altitude. The Slope of a Line VOCABULARY

Why should we learn this? One real-world connection is to find the rate of change in an airplane s altitude. The Slope of a Line VOCABULARY Wh should we learn this? The Slope of a Line Objectives: To find slope of a line given two points, and to graph a line using the slope and the -intercept. One real-world connection is to find the rate

More information

Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule

Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule Sect 6.7 - Solving Equations Using the Zero Product Rule 116 Concept #1: Definition of a Quadratic Equation A quadratic equation is an equation that can be written in the form ax 2 + bx + c = 0 (referred

More information

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing I. Terms, Concepts. Introduction to Hypothesis Testing A. In general, we do not know the true value of population parameters - they must be estimated. However, we do have hypotheses about what the true

More information

SECTION 2.5: FINDING ZEROS OF POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS

SECTION 2.5: FINDING ZEROS OF POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS SECTION 2.5: FINDING ZEROS OF POLYNOMIAL FUNCTIONS Assume f ( x) is a nonconstant polynomial with real coefficients written in standard form. PART A: TECHNIQUES WE HAVE ALREADY SEEN Refer to: Notes 1.31

More information

EAP/GWL Rev. 1/2011 Page 1 of 5. Factoring a polynomial is the process of writing it as the product of two or more polynomial factors.

EAP/GWL Rev. 1/2011 Page 1 of 5. Factoring a polynomial is the process of writing it as the product of two or more polynomial factors. EAP/GWL Rev. 1/2011 Page 1 of 5 Factoring a polynomial is the process of writing it as the product of two or more polynomial factors. Example: Set the factors of a polynomial equation (as opposed to an

More information

EVALUATING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING Revised For ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP

EVALUATING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING Revised For ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP EVALUATING ACADEMIC READINESS FOR APPRENTICESHIP TRAINING For ACCESS TO APPRENTICESHIP MATHEMATICS SKILL OPERATIONS WITH INTEGERS AN ACADEMIC SKILLS MANUAL for The Precision Machining And Tooling Trades

More information

CHAPTER FIVE. Solutions for Section 5.1. Skill Refresher. Exercises

CHAPTER FIVE. Solutions for Section 5.1. Skill Refresher. Exercises CHAPTER FIVE 5.1 SOLUTIONS 265 Solutions for Section 5.1 Skill Refresher S1. Since 1,000,000 = 10 6, we have x = 6. S2. Since 0.01 = 10 2, we have t = 2. S3. Since e 3 = ( e 3) 1/2 = e 3/2, we have z =

More information

4.1. COMPLEX NUMBERS

4.1. COMPLEX NUMBERS 4.1. COMPLEX NUMBERS What You Should Learn Use the imaginary unit i to write complex numbers. Add, subtract, and multiply complex numbers. Use complex conjugates to write the quotient of two complex numbers

More information

MATH 21. College Algebra 1 Lecture Notes

MATH 21. College Algebra 1 Lecture Notes MATH 21 College Algebra 1 Lecture Notes MATH 21 3.6 Factoring Review College Algebra 1 Factoring and Foiling 1. (a + b) 2 = a 2 + 2ab + b 2. 2. (a b) 2 = a 2 2ab + b 2. 3. (a + b)(a b) = a 2 b 2. 4. (a

More information

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content

Review of Intermediate Algebra Content Review of Intermediate Algebra Content Table of Contents Page Factoring GCF and Trinomials of the Form + b + c... Factoring Trinomials of the Form a + b + c... Factoring Perfect Square Trinomials... 6

More information

Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions

Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions Section 6.1 Factoring Expressions The first method we will discuss, in solving polynomial equations, is the method of FACTORING. Before we jump into this process, you need to have some concept of what

More information

A Concrete Introduction. to the Abstract Concepts. of Integers and Algebra using Algebra Tiles

A Concrete Introduction. to the Abstract Concepts. of Integers and Algebra using Algebra Tiles A Concrete Introduction to the Abstract Concepts of Integers and Algebra using Algebra Tiles Table of Contents Introduction... 1 page Integers 1: Introduction to Integers... 3 2: Working with Algebra Tiles...

More information

Introduction Assignment

Introduction Assignment PRE-CALCULUS 11 Introduction Assignment Welcome to PREC 11! This assignment will help you review some topics from a previous math course and introduce you to some of the topics that you ll be studying

More information

ACCUPLACER. Testing & Study Guide. Prepared by the Admissions Office Staff and General Education Faculty Draft: January 2011

ACCUPLACER. Testing & Study Guide. Prepared by the Admissions Office Staff and General Education Faculty Draft: January 2011 ACCUPLACER Testing & Study Guide Prepared by the Admissions Office Staff and General Education Faculty Draft: January 2011 Thank you to Johnston Community College staff for giving permission to revise

More information

Homework #1 Solutions

Homework #1 Solutions Homework #1 Solutions Problems Section 1.1: 8, 10, 12, 14, 16 Section 1.2: 2, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 26 Extra Problems #1 and #2 1.1.8. Find f (5) if f (x) = 10x x 2. Solution: Setting x = 5, f (5) = 10(5)

More information

When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property and take out the GCF.

When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property and take out the GCF. Factoring: reversing the distributive property. The distributive property allows us to do the following: When factoring, we look for greatest common factor of each term and reverse the distributive property

More information

This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0).

This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0). This is Factoring and Solving by Factoring, chapter 6 from the book Beginning Algebra (index.html) (v. 1.0). This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3.0 (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/

More information

2010 Solutions. a + b. a + b 1. (a + b)2 + (b a) 2. (b2 + a 2 ) 2 (a 2 b 2 ) 2

2010 Solutions. a + b. a + b 1. (a + b)2 + (b a) 2. (b2 + a 2 ) 2 (a 2 b 2 ) 2 00 Problem If a and b are nonzero real numbers such that a b, compute the value of the expression ( ) ( b a + a a + b b b a + b a ) ( + ) a b b a + b a +. b a a b Answer: 8. Solution: Let s simplify the

More information

Sample Problems. Practice Problems

Sample Problems. Practice Problems Lecture Notes Factoring by the AC-method page 1 Sample Problems 1. Completely factor each of the following. a) 4a 2 mn 15abm 2 6abmn + 10a 2 m 2 c) 162a + 162b 2ax 4 2bx 4 e) 3a 2 5a 2 b) a 2 x 3 b 2 x

More information

4/27/2010 ALGEBRA 1 CHAPTER 8 FACTORING. PAR Activities Cara Boening

4/27/2010 ALGEBRA 1 CHAPTER 8 FACTORING. PAR Activities Cara Boening 4/27/2010 ALGEBRA 1 CHAPTER 8 FACTORING PAR Activities Cara Boening Table of Contents Preparation Strategies... 3 Scavenger Hunt... 4 Graphic Organizer Chapter 8.... 6 Word Inventory... 8 TEASE... 12 Anticipation

More information

The GMAT Guru. Prime Factorization: Theory and Practice

The GMAT Guru. Prime Factorization: Theory and Practice . Prime Factorization: Theory and Practice The following is an ecerpt from The GMAT Guru Guide, available eclusively to clients of The GMAT Guru. If you would like more information about GMAT Guru services,

More information

FURTHER VECTORS (MEI)

FURTHER VECTORS (MEI) Mathematics Revision Guides Further Vectors (MEI) (column notation) Page of MK HOME TUITION Mathematics Revision Guides Level: AS / A Level - MEI OCR MEI: C FURTHER VECTORS (MEI) Version : Date: -9-7 Mathematics

More information

(1.) The air speed of an airplane is 380 km/hr at a bearing of. Find the ground speed of the airplane as well as its

(1.) The air speed of an airplane is 380 km/hr at a bearing of. Find the ground speed of the airplane as well as its (1.) The air speed of an airplane is 380 km/hr at a bearing of 78 o. The speed of the wind is 20 km/hr heading due south. Find the ground speed of the airplane as well as its direction. Here is the diagram:

More information

2After completing this chapter you should be able to

2After completing this chapter you should be able to After completing this chapter you should be able to solve problems involving motion in a straight line with constant acceleration model an object moving vertically under gravity understand distance time

More information

Factoring Quadratic Trinomials

Factoring Quadratic Trinomials Factoring Quadratic Trinomials Student Probe Factor x x 3 10. Answer: x 5 x Lesson Description This lesson uses the area model of multiplication to factor quadratic trinomials. Part 1 of the lesson consists

More information

SUNY ECC. ACCUPLACER Preparation Workshop. Algebra Skills

SUNY ECC. ACCUPLACER Preparation Workshop. Algebra Skills SUNY ECC ACCUPLACER Preparation Workshop Algebra Skills Gail A. Butler Ph.D. Evaluating Algebraic Epressions Substitute the value (#) in place of the letter (variable). Follow order of operations!!! E)

More information

Factoring Polynomials

Factoring Polynomials Factoring Polynomials Sue Geller June 19, 2006 Factoring polynomials over the rational numbers, real numbers, and complex numbers has long been a standard topic of high school algebra. With the advent

More information

MBA Jump Start Program

MBA Jump Start Program MBA Jump Start Program Module 2: Mathematics Thomas Gilbert Mathematics Module Online Appendix: Basic Mathematical Concepts 2 1 The Number Spectrum Generally we depict numbers increasing from left to right

More information

FOIL FACTORING. Factoring is merely undoing the FOIL method. Let s look at an example: Take the polynomial x²+4x+4.

FOIL FACTORING. Factoring is merely undoing the FOIL method. Let s look at an example: Take the polynomial x²+4x+4. FOIL FACTORING Factoring is merely undoing the FOIL method. Let s look at an example: Take the polynomial x²+4x+4. First we take the 3 rd term (in this case 4) and find the factors of it. 4=1x4 4=2x2 Now

More information

Error Analysis. Table 1. Capacity Tolerances for Class A Volumetric Glassware.

Error Analysis. Table 1. Capacity Tolerances for Class A Volumetric Glassware. Significant Figures in Calculations Error Analysis Every lab report must have an error analysis. For many experiments, significant figure rules are sufficient. For a brush up on significant figure rules,

More information

Polynomials and Factoring. Unit Lesson Plan

Polynomials and Factoring. Unit Lesson Plan Polynomials and Factoring Unit Lesson Plan By: David Harris University of North Carolina Chapel Hill Math 410 Dr. Thomas, M D. 2 Abstract This paper will discuss, and give, lesson plans for all the topics

More information

Florida Algebra 1 End-of-Course Assessment Item Bank, Polk County School District

Florida Algebra 1 End-of-Course Assessment Item Bank, Polk County School District Benchmark: MA.912.A.2.3; Describe the concept of a function, use function notation, determine whether a given relation is a function, and link equations to functions. Also assesses MA.912.A.2.13; Solve

More information

The majority of college students hold credit cards. According to the Nellie May

The majority of college students hold credit cards. According to the Nellie May CHAPTER 6 Factoring Polynomials 6.1 The Greatest Common Factor and Factoring by Grouping 6. Factoring Trinomials of the Form b c 6.3 Factoring Trinomials of the Form a b c and Perfect Square Trinomials

More information

1) (-3) + (-6) = 2) (2) + (-5) = 3) (-7) + (-1) = 4) (-3) - (-6) = 5) (+2) - (+5) = 6) (-7) - (-4) = 7) (5)(-4) = 8) (-3)(-6) = 9) (-1)(2) =

1) (-3) + (-6) = 2) (2) + (-5) = 3) (-7) + (-1) = 4) (-3) - (-6) = 5) (+2) - (+5) = 6) (-7) - (-4) = 7) (5)(-4) = 8) (-3)(-6) = 9) (-1)(2) = Extra Practice for Lesson Add or subtract. ) (-3) + (-6) = 2) (2) + (-5) = 3) (-7) + (-) = 4) (-3) - (-6) = 5) (+2) - (+5) = 6) (-7) - (-4) = Multiply. 7) (5)(-4) = 8) (-3)(-6) = 9) (-)(2) = Division is

More information

Math 1050 Khan Academy Extra Credit Algebra Assignment

Math 1050 Khan Academy Extra Credit Algebra Assignment Math 1050 Khan Academy Extra Credit Algebra Assignment KhanAcademy.org offers over 2,700 instructional videos, including hundreds of videos teaching algebra concepts, and corresponding problem sets. In

More information

Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring

Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring Section 4 4: Greatest Common Factor (GCF) Factoring The last chapter introduced the distributive process. The distributive process takes a product of a monomial and a polynomial and changes the multiplication

More information

expression is written horizontally. The Last terms ((2)( 4)) because they are the last terms of the two polynomials. This is called the FOIL method.

expression is written horizontally. The Last terms ((2)( 4)) because they are the last terms of the two polynomials. This is called the FOIL method. A polynomial of degree n (in one variable, with real coefficients) is an expression of the form: a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 + a n 2 x n 2 + + a 2 x 2 + a 1 x + a 0 where a n, a n 1, a n 2, a 2, a 1, a 0 are

More information

Teaching & Learning Plans. Arithmetic Sequences. Leaving Certificate Syllabus

Teaching & Learning Plans. Arithmetic Sequences. Leaving Certificate Syllabus Teaching & Learning Plans Arithmetic Sequences Leaving Certificate Syllabus The Teaching & Learning Plans are structured as follows: Aims outline what the lesson, or series of lessons, hopes to achieve.

More information

Warm-Up. Today s Objective/Standards: Students will use the correct order of operations to evaluate algebraic expressions/ Gr. 6 AF 1.

Warm-Up. Today s Objective/Standards: Students will use the correct order of operations to evaluate algebraic expressions/ Gr. 6 AF 1. Warm-Up CST/CAHSEE: Gr. 6 AF 1.4 Simplify: 8 + 8 2 + 2 A) 4 B) 8 C) 10 D) 14 Review: Gr. 7 NS 1.2 Complete the statement using ,. Explain. 2 5 5 2 How did students get the other answers? Other: Gr.

More information

Teaching Notes. Contextualised task 27 Gas and Electricity

Teaching Notes. Contextualised task 27 Gas and Electricity Contextualised task 27 Gas and Electricity Teaching Notes This task is concerned with understanding gas and electricity bills, including an opportunity to read meters. It is made up of a series of 5 questions,

More information

Mathematics Online Instructional Materials Correlation to the 2009 Algebra I Standards of Learning and Curriculum Framework

Mathematics Online Instructional Materials Correlation to the 2009 Algebra I Standards of Learning and Curriculum Framework Provider York County School Division Course Syllabus URL http://yorkcountyschools.org/virtuallearning/coursecatalog.aspx Course Title Algebra I AB Last Updated 2010 - A.1 The student will represent verbal

More information

0.4 FACTORING POLYNOMIALS

0.4 FACTORING POLYNOMIALS 36_.qxd /3/5 :9 AM Page -9 SECTION. Factoring Polynomials -9. FACTORING POLYNOMIALS Use special products and factorization techniques to factor polynomials. Find the domains of radical expressions. Use

More information

ROUND(cell or formula, 2)

ROUND(cell or formula, 2) There are many ways to set up an amortization table. This document shows how to set up five columns for the payment number, payment, interest, payment applied to the outstanding balance, and the outstanding

More information

FACTORING ANGLE EQUATIONS:

FACTORING ANGLE EQUATIONS: FACTORING ANGLE EQUATIONS: For convenience, algebraic names are assigned to the angles comprising the Standard Hip kernel. The names are completely arbitrary, and can vary from kernel to kernel. On the

More information

Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide

Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide Accuplacer Arithmetic Study Guide Section One: Terms Numerator: The number on top of a fraction which tells how many parts you have. Denominator: The number on the bottom of a fraction which tells how

More information

SAT Math Hard Practice Quiz. 5. How many integers between 10 and 500 begin and end in 3?

SAT Math Hard Practice Quiz. 5. How many integers between 10 and 500 begin and end in 3? SAT Math Hard Practice Quiz Numbers and Operations 5. How many integers between 10 and 500 begin and end in 3? 1. A bag contains tomatoes that are either green or red. The ratio of green tomatoes to red

More information

6.4 Special Factoring Rules

6.4 Special Factoring Rules 6.4 Special Factoring Rules OBJECTIVES 1 Factor a difference of squares. 2 Factor a perfect square trinomial. 3 Factor a difference of cubes. 4 Factor a sum of cubes. By reversing the rules for multiplication

More information

Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any.

Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. Algebra 2 - Chapter Prerequisites Vocabulary Copy in your notebook: Add an example of each term with the symbols used in algebra 2 if there are any. P1 p. 1 1. counting(natural) numbers - {1,2,3,4,...}

More information

A Quick Algebra Review

A Quick Algebra Review 1. Simplifying Epressions. Solving Equations 3. Problem Solving 4. Inequalities 5. Absolute Values 6. Linear Equations 7. Systems of Equations 8. Laws of Eponents 9. Quadratics 10. Rationals 11. Radicals

More information

SUBNETTING SCENARIO S

SUBNETTING SCENARIO S SUBNETTING SCENARIO S This white paper provides several in-depth scenario s dealing with a very confusing topic, subnetting. Many networking engineers need extra practice to completely understand the intricacies

More information

Factoring Special Polynomials

Factoring Special Polynomials 6.6 Factoring Special Polynomials 6.6 OBJECTIVES 1. Factor the difference of two squares 2. Factor the sum or difference of two cubes In this section, we will look at several special polynomials. These

More information

1. Define: (a) Variable, (b) Constant, (c) Type, (d) Enumerated Type, (e) Identifier.

1. Define: (a) Variable, (b) Constant, (c) Type, (d) Enumerated Type, (e) Identifier. Study Group 1 Variables and Types 1. Define: (a) Variable, (b) Constant, (c) Type, (d) Enumerated Type, (e) Identifier. 2. What does the byte 00100110 represent? 3. What is the purpose of the declarations

More information

Section 1.5 Linear Models

Section 1.5 Linear Models Section 1.5 Linear Models Some real-life problems can be modeled using linear equations. Now that we know how to find the slope of a line, the equation of a line, and the point of intersection of two lines,

More information

NSM100 Introduction to Algebra Chapter 5 Notes Factoring

NSM100 Introduction to Algebra Chapter 5 Notes Factoring Section 5.1 Greatest Common Factor (GCF) and Factoring by Grouping Greatest Common Factor for a polynomial is the largest monomial that divides (is a factor of) each term of the polynomial. GCF is the

More information

Factoring Flow Chart

Factoring Flow Chart Factoring Flow Chart greatest common factor? YES NO factor out GCF leaving GCF(quotient) how many terms? 4+ factor by grouping 2 3 difference of squares? perfect square trinomial? YES YES NO NO a 2 -b

More information

UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS

UNCORRECTED PAGE PROOFS number and and algebra TopIC 17 Polynomials 17.1 Overview Why learn this? Just as number is learned in stages, so too are graphs. You have been building your knowledge of graphs and functions over time.

More information