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1 Grade FCAT 2.0 Mathematics Sample Answers This booklet contains the answers to the FCAT 2.0 Mathematics sample questions, as well as explanations for the answers. It also gives the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards (NGSSS) benchmark assessed by each item. Although the Florida State Board of Education adopted the Common Core State Standards in the summer of 2010, these standards have not yet been implemented. For this reason, the FCAT 2.0 tests and sample questions and answers are based on the 2007 NGSSS. The benchmarks included in this booklet provide teachers with additional information. For more detailed information, follow this link to the Florida NGSSS website: or follow this link to the current benchmark language in the FCAT 2.0 Mathematics Test Item Specifications: In addition, one or more possible approaches to solving the questions are provided. Students may use approaches other than these and still receive credit if they also obtain a correct answer. Multiple-choice and gridded-response items in FCAT 2.0 Mathematics tests are scored by awarding one point for each correct answer. The intent of these sample test materials is to orient teachers and students to the types of questions on FCAT 2.0 tests. By using these materials, students will become familiar with the types of items and response formats they will see on the actual test. The sample questions and answers are not intended to demonstrate the length of the actual test, nor should student responses be used as an indicator of student performance on the actual test. Additional information about test items can be found in the FCAT 2.0 Test Item Specifications at The sample questions for students and the sample answers for teachers will only be available online, at

2 SAMPLE 1 The correct answer is D (1). Benchmark: MA..S.7.1 Construct and analyze frequency tables, bar graphs, pictographs, and line plots from data, including data collected through observations, surveys, and experiments. To solve the problem, determine how many students are represented by each milk carton. If 6 students drink milk at lunch on Monday and milk cartons are shown, then If 10 students drink milk at lunch on Wednesday and 5 milk cartons are shown, then 10 5 = 2. Each milk carton represents 2 students who drink milk at lunch. Next, determine the number of students who drink milk at lunch on Friday. Count the 6 whole milk cartons shown for Friday. Using the information that 1 milk carton represents 2 students, multiply 6 2 to get 12 students. If 1 milk carton represents 2 students, then half of a milk carton represents 1 student = 1. Thirteen students drink milk at lunch on Friday, option D. 2 The correct answer is F [(9 5) + (9 )]. Benchmark: MA..A.1.2 Solve multiplication and division fact problems by using strategies that result from applying number properties. To solve this problem, use the strategy of making an easier problem. First, change the number 8 to (5 + ). Then, multiply both digits by 9. The product of 9 8is the same as the sum of , or 72. Therefore, F [( 9 5) + ( 9 )] is the correct answer. Page 2

3 SAMPLE The correct answer is B (2). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G.. Build, draw, and analyze two-dimensional shapes from several orientations in order to examine and apply congruence and symmetry. To solve this problem, imagine folding the picture of the scallop in half so that the two halves match. Draw a line on the picture where it can be folded so the two halves match. The picture can be folded vertically and horizontally, giving it 2 lines of symmetry. Page

4 SAMPLE 4 The correct answer is H (third triangle in pattern). Benchmark: MA..A.4.1 Create, analyze, and represent patterns and relationships using words, variables, tables, and graphs. To solve this problem, recognize that a complete iteration of the pattern consists of four figures (triangle, square, rotated triangle, circle). There are three complete iterations of this pattern shown. Repeating the pattern, extend the pattern to identify the next figure, which is the third figure (rotated triangle) of a full iteration. 5 The correct answer is D ( 4 ). Reporting Category: Number: Fractions Benchmark: MA..A.2.4 Use models to represent equivalent fractions, including fractions greater than 1, and identify representations of equivalence. To solve this problem, list all the factors of 6 and 8. Identify 2 as a factor of 6 and 8. Divide both 6 and 8 by 2; therefore, 4 is the equivalent fraction. Page 4

5 SAMPLE 6 The correct answer is H (2 4). Benchmark: MA..A.1.1 Model multiplication and division, including problems presented in context: repeated addition, multiplicative comparison, array, how many combinations, measurement, and partitioning. To solve this problem, recognize that the 2 pieces of candy must be shared equally among the 4 friends (partitive model of division). The only expression that can be used is H, The correct answer is A 2 5, ( 2 5 ). Reporting Category: Number: Fractions Benchmark: MA..A.2. Compare and order fractions, including fractions greater than 1, using models and strategies. Also assesses MA..A.2.2 Describe how the size of the fractional part is related to the number of equal-sized pieces in the whole. To solve this problem, recognize that each whole flower has 10 petals. On Flower A, of the petals are shaded; is equivalent to On Flower B, of the petals are 5 10 shaded; is equivalent to Because is greater than option A, is greater than is the correct answer , Page 5

6 SAMPLE 8 The correct answer is I ( b 8 = 2). Benchmark: MA..A.1. Identify, describe, and apply division and multiplication as inverse operations. To solve this problem, write the multiplication equation that could be used to find the total number of beach balls, 8 2 = b. Of the equations shown, b 8 = 2 is the only equation that could also be used to find the total number of beach balls, as it is the inverse equation of 8 2 = b. 9 The correct answer is A it. That results in ( ) Reporting Category: Number: Fractions Benchmark: MA..A.2.1 Represent fractions, including fractions greater than 1, using area, set, and linear models. First Strategy: To solve the problem, make the last figure one whole by moving OR Second Strategy: of the figures being shaded of the second figure to Count the total number of fourths that are shaded, Of the fractions given, is the only one that is equivalent to Page 6

7 SAMPLE The correct answer is H ( 9 ). Reporting Category: Number: Fractions Benchmark: MA..A.2.4 Use models to represent equivalent fractions, including fractions greater than 1, and identify representations of equivalence. To solve this problem, recognize that each whole is divided into 9 equal parts or is the only one that is equivalent to Three wholes are Of the last whole, only are shaded. Counting, a total of is shaded. Of the fractions given, Page 7

8 SAMPLE 11 The correct answer is C (7,000). Benchmark: MA..A.6.1 Represent, compute, estimate, and solve problems using numbers through hundred thousands. First Strategy: To solve this problem, estimate the number of students in each school. Greendale 1,789 estimates to 2,000 Jones Park 1,02 estimates to 1,000 Shady River 2,115 estimates to 2,000 Wakefield 1,992 estimates to 2,000 Add all 4 estimates to get a total of 7,000. About 7,000 calendars should be ordered for the students in the 4 schools. OR Second Strategy: To solve this problem, use the idea of compatible numbers:,,,, is about,000 is about 4,000 Add the two estimates together (, , 000 = 7,000). About 7,000 calendars should be ordered for the students in the 4 schools. Page 8

9 SAMPLE 12 The correct answer is G (6). Benchmark: MA..A.6.2 Solve non-routine problems by making a table, chart, or list and searching for patterns. To solve this problem, list all of the possible pairs of students. Charles Erin Charles Gayle Charles Paco Erin Gayle Erin Paco Gayle Paco The ordering of the pairs is not important (i.e., Charles Erin is the same pair as Erin Charles). There are 6 different possible pairs of students. Page 9

10 SAMPLE 1 The correct answer is C (Each shape is a regular polygon). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G..1 Describe, analyze, compare, and classify twodimensional shapes using sides and angles including acute, obtuse, and right angles and connect these ideas to the definition of shapes. To solve this problem, analyze each option and eliminate all false statements. Option A is false because the square is the only shape that has exactly two pairs of parallel sides. Option B is false because the pentagon is the only shape that has exactly five vertices. Option D is false because the square is the only quadrilateral. Option C is the correct answer because all shapes given (square, triangle, hexagon, and pentagon) are regular polygons. A regular polygon is both equilateral (all sides congruent) and equiangular (all angles congruent). Page 10

11 SAMPLE 14 The correct answer is G (picture of rhombi and triangles). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G..2 Compose, decompose, and transform polygons to make other polygons, including concave and convex polygons with three, four, five, six, eight, or ten sides. To solve this problem, draw in the shapes that would be used to compose the figure. The shapes from each option are shaded in the composed figures. F. H. G. I. Page 11

12 SAMPLE 15 The correct answer is B (2 centimeters). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G.5.1 Select appropriate units, strategies, and tools to solve problems involving perimeter. First Strategy: To solve this problem, apply the definition of perimeter (the distance around a figure) by using the centimeter ruler to measure all 8 sides of the picture. Then add the 8 measurements together. OR Second Strategy: To solve this problem, recognize that the figure is composed of 2 rectangles (opposite sides have equal measure). Using this information, recognize that there are 2 pairs of congruent segments. After measuring one segment, double that measurement to compensate for the congruent segment. Add these to the additional side measures: the perimeter = 2 cm, which is Page 12

13 SAMPLE 16 The correct answer is H 1 2 1,, 4 (2 1 4 inches ). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G.5.2 linear units such as Measure objects using fractional parts of and To solve this problem, use the inch side of the ruler to measure the stone arrowhead. To measure, align the beginning of the figure with the zero indicated on the ruler. Interpret the markings on the ruler as fractions of an inch. The stone arrowhead has a length of inches. 17 The correct answer is D (a quarter after eight). Reporting Category: Geometry and Measurement Benchmark: MA..G.5. Tell time to the nearest minute and to the nearest quarter hour, and determine the amount of time elapsed. To solve this problem, identify the time displayed as 7:50. Add 25 minutes to 7:50, or count clockwise in 5-minute intervals. 8:15 is twenty-five minutes later than 7:50. The correct answer is D, 8:15, or a quarter after 8. Page 1

14 SAMPLE 18 The correct answer is H (6). Benchmark: MA..A.1.1 Model multiplication and division, including problems presented in context: repeated addition, multiplicative comparison, array, how many combinations, measurement, and partitioning. First Strategy: To solve this problem, use the combination model for multiplication. Each shirt is paired with each pair of shorts to find that 2 (shirts) multiplied by (pairs of shorts) equals 6 uniform combinations. OR Second Strategy: To solve this problem, match the red shirt with each of the colors of shorts to get uniform combinations. Match the white shirt with each of the colors of shorts to get more uniform combinations. Calculate + to get a total of 6 possible uniform combinations. Page 14

15 SAMPLE 19 The correct answer is D (correct bar graph). Benchmark: MA..S.7.1 Construct and analyze frequency tables, bar graphs, pictographs, and line plots from data, including data collected through observations, surveys, and experiments. To solve this problem, determine the correct graph by comparing each graph to the given data. In Graph A, the data for votes for the flip-flops and sneakers are displayed incorrectly. There should be 8 votes for flip-flops and 10 votes for sneakers displayed. In Graph B, the data for the votes for sandals are displayed incorrectly. There should only be 4 votes indicated, not 8. In Graph C, the data for the votes for flip-flops, sandals, and sneakers are displayed incorrectly. In this graph, the data have been incorrectly doubled. Graph D is the correct answer. All the data have been displayed accurately. Page 15

16 Copyright Statement for This Office of Assessment Publication Authorization for reproduction of this document is hereby granted to persons acting in an official capacity within the Uniform System of Public K 12 Schools as defined in Section (4), Florida Statutes. The copyright notice at the bottom of this page must be included in all copies. All trademarks and trade names found in this publication are the property of their respective owners and are not associated with the publishers of this publication. This publication is provided by the to Florida public schools free of charge and is not intended for resale. Permission is NOT granted for distribution or reproduction outside of the Uniform System of Public K 12 Schools or for commercial distribution of the copyrighted materials without written authorization from the Florida Department of Education. Questions regarding use of these copyrighted materials should be sent to the following: The Administrator Office of Assessment Tallahassee, Florida Copyright 2012 State of Florida Department of State The and its test contractors currently employ strategies to protect the environment in the production and destruction of FCAT 2.0 materials. The Department encourages schools and districts to recycle nonsecure FCAT 2.0 interpretive publications after use A B C D E Printed in the USA ISD75

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