1 5 6 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE STRAIGHT AND ZIGZAG STITCHING BUILT-IN STITCHES SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS USING ATTACHMENTS AND APPLICATIONS APPENDIX Operation Manual
2 IMPORTANT SAFETY INSTRUCTIONS When using this machine, basic safety precautions should always be taken, including the following: Read all instructions before using. DANGER - To reduce the risk of electric shock:. The machine should never be left unattended while plugged in. Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet immediately after using and before cleaning.. Always unplug the machine before you change the light bulb. Replace the bulb with same type rated 5 watts. WARNING - To reduce the risk of burns, fire, electric shock, or injury to persons:. Do not allow this machine to be used as a toy. Close attention is necessary when the machine is used by or near children.. Use this machine only for its intended use as described in this manual. Use only accessories recommended by the manufacturer as contained in this manual.. Never operate this machine if it has a damaged cord or plug, if it is not working properly, if it has been dropped or damaged, or dropped into water. Return the machine to the nearest authorized dealer or service center for examination, repair, electrical or mechanical adjustment.. Never operate the machine with any air openings blocked. Keep ventilation openings of the machine and foot control free from the accumulation of lint, dust, and loose cloth. 5. Never drop or insert any object into any opening. 6. Do not use outdoors. 7. Do not operate where aerosol (spray) products are being used or where oxygen is being administered. 8. To disconnect, turn the machine switch to the symbol position which represents off, then remove plug from outlet. 9. Do not unplug by pulling on cord. To unplug, grasp the plug, not the cord. 0. Keep fingers away from all moving parts. Special care is required around the machine needle.. Always use the proper needle plate. The wrong plate can cause the needle to break.. Do not use bent needles.. Do not pull or push fabric while stitching. It may deflect the needle, causing it to break.. Switch the machine to the symbol position to turn it off when making any adjustments in the needle area, such as threading needle, changing needle, threading bobbin, or changing presser foot, and the like. 5. Always unplug the machine from the electrical outlet when removing covers, lubricating, or when making any other user servicing adjustments mentioned in the instruction manual. 6. This sewing machine is not intended for use by young children or infirm persons without supervision. (For Australia and New Zealand only) 7. Young children should be supervised to ensure that they do not play with this machine. SAVE THESE INSTRUCTIONS This machine is intended for household use.
3 FOR USERS IN THE UK, EIRE, MALTA AND CYPRUS ONLY If this machine is fitted with a three-pin non-rewireable BS plug then please read the following. IMPORTANT If the available socket outlet is not suitable for the plug supplied with this equipment, it should be cut off and an appropriate three pin plug fitted. With alternative plugs an approved fuse must be fitted in the plug. NOTE: The plug severed from the main leads must be destroyed as a plug with bared flexible cords is hazardous if engaged in a live socket outlet. In the event of replacing the plug fuse, use a fuse approved by ASTA to BS 6, i.e. carrying the mark, rating as marked on plug. Always replace the fuse cover. Never use plugs with the fuse cover omitted. WARNING: DO NOT CONNECT EITHER WIRE TO THE EARTH TERMINAL WHICH IS MARKED WITH THE LETTER E, BY THE EARTH SYMBOL OR COLOURED GREEN OR GREEN AND YELLOW. The wires in this main lead are coloured in accordance with the following code: Blue Brown Neutral Live As the colours of the wiring in the main lead of this appliance may not correspond with the coloured markings identifying the terminals in your plug, proceed as follows: The wire which is coloured blue must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter N or coloured black or blue. The wire which is coloured brown must be connected to the terminal which is marked with the letter L or coloured red or brown.
4 UNPACKING/REPACKING INSTRUCTIONS Keep the carton and packing materials. You may have to take or send the machine to be repaired. If you do not pack it properly, or do not use the right packing material, the machine could be damaged. Please follow the diagram below to unpack and repack the machine. PLEASE READ THESE INSTRUCTIONS BEFORE YOU USE THE MACHINE. To use the machine safely. Make sure you watch the needle carefully while you are sewing. Do not touch the handwheel, thread take-up lever, needle, or other moving parts.. Turn off the main power and unplug the cord in the following circumstances: When you have stopped using the machine When you are replacing or removing the needle or any other part If there is a power failure while you are using the machine If you are checking or cleaning the machine Leaving the machine unattended. Do not store anything on the foot controller.. Plug the machine directly into the wall. Do not use extension cords. To give your machine a longer life. Do not store this machine in direct sunlight or in high humidity conditions. Do not use or store the machine near a heater, iron, halogen lamp or other hot objects.. Use only mild soaps or detergents to clean the case. Benzene, thinner, and scouring powders can damage the case and machine, and should never be used.. Do not drop or hit the machine.. Always consult this manual before you replace or fit presser feet, the needle, or any other parts to make sure you fit them correctly. To repair or adjust the machine If the machine breaks down or needs adjustment, first follow the troubleshooting table in the Appendix to inspect and adjust the machine yourself. If the problem is still there, consult your local authorized dealer. For additional product information and updates, visit our web site at The contents of this manual and specifications of this product are subject to change without notice. IMPORTANT This packing material is designed to prevent damage. Save this packing material if you need to take or send this machine to be repaired.
5 CONTENTS. KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE...5 THE MAIN PARTS...5 ACCESSORIES...6 Optional Accessories... 6 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE...7 Connecting Plugs... 7 Main Power and Sewing Light Switch... 8 Foot Controller... 8 Checking the Needle... 8 Replacing the Needle... 8 Changing the Presser Foot... 9 Flat Bed Attachment... 0 Using a Free-arm Style... 0 THE CONTROLS... Pattern Selection Dial... Patterns and Names... Length Dial... Stretch ing... 5 Width Dial... 5 Reverse Sewing Lever... 5 THREADING THE MACHINE...6 Winding the Bobbin... 6 Lower Threading... 8 Lower Threading (for models equipped with a quick-set bobbin)... 9 Upper Threading... Using the Needle Threader (for models equipped with a needle threader)... Drawing up the Lower Thread... Sewing with a Twin Needle... Thread Tension... 5 FABRIC, THREAD, AND NEEDLE COMBINATIONS...6. STRAIGHT AND ZIGZAG STITCHING...7 Please Read Before Sewing... 7 Straight ing... 7 Zigzag ing BUILT-IN STITCHES...9 Blind Hem ing... 9 Shell Tuck ing... 9 Elastic ing... 0 Double Action ing... Patchworking... Overedge ing... Feather ing... Triple Zigzag Stretch ing... Decorative ing.... SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS... Making a Buttonhole... Adjusting Buttonholes... 5 Sewing Buttons... 6
6 5. USING ATTACHMENTS AND APPLICATIONS...7 Zipper Insertion... 7 Gathering... 8 Darning... 8 Appliqués... 9 Monogramming and Embroidering... 9 OPTIONAL ACCESSORIES... Using the Walking Foot... Using the Quilting Foot... Using the /-inch Quilting Foot APPENDIX... MAINTENANCE... Changing the Light Bulb... Cleaning... Troubleshooting... 6 INDEX...9
7 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE THE MAIN PARTS G F E 8 D 0 9 H I J C A B K Bobbin winder (Page 6) This winds the thread onto the bobbin for use as the lower thread. Spool pin (Page 6, ) This holds the spool of thread. Thread guide (Page 6, ) This is used when winding the thread onto the bobbin and then threading the machine. Thread take-up lever (Page ) 5 Hole for extra spool pin (Page 5) This holds a second spool of thread for sewing with the twin needle. 6 width dial (Page 5) This controls the stitch width. 7 Upper tension-control dial (Page 5) This controls the tension of the upper thread. 8 Thread cutter (Page 8) Pass the threads through the thread cutter to cut them. 9 Needle threader (Page ) (This is only available on certain models.) 0 Quick-set bobbin (Page 9) (This is only available on certain models.) A Flat bed attachment with accessory compartment (Page 0) B Presser foot (Page 9) C Reverse sewing lever (Page 5) You can push this to stitch in the reverse direction. D Pattern selection dial (Page ) You can turn this in either direction to choose the stitch you want. E length dial (Page ) This controls the stitch length. F Buttonhole fine-adjustment screw (Page 5) G Handwheel Used to manually raise and lower the needle. H Main power and sewing light switch (Page 8) You can turn the main power and sewing light switch on and off. I Foot controller jack / socket (Page 7) Plug in the foot controller plug and connect the machine to the power supply. J Presser foot lever (Page ) Used to raise and lower the presser foot. K Foot controller (Page 8) You can use this to control the sewing speed, and to start and stop sewing. Parts Code for Zigzag Presser Foot: XC90-05 Foot Controller: Model KD-90 Parts Code: XC759-0 (0/0V Area) XC78- (0/0V Area) XC756- (U.K.) XC755-0 (Australia, New Zealand) 5
8 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE ACCESSORIES The following accessories are stored in the flat bed attachment. We have designed these accessories to help you be able to carry out most sewing tasks No. Part Name Part Code Part Code No. Part Name USA Others USA Others Zipper foot ( pc.) X Buttonhole Foot ( pc.) X5969- Bobbin ( pcs.) SA56 SFB: 6 Button Sewing Foot ( pc.) X5975- XA Extra Spool Pin ( pc.) Needle Pack (Regular Single Needle HAX0 ( pcs.)) Screwdriver ( pc.) X Twin Needle ( pc.) X Darning Plate (pc.) XC606-0 Note The included accessories vary depending on the machine model. Optional Accessories... No. Part Name Part Code U.S.A. Others Walking Foot SA07 F0N: XC65-00 Quilting Foot SA9 F005N: XC98-00 /-inch Quilting Foot SA5 F00N: XC9-00 6
9 USING YOUR SEWING MACHINE WARNING Use only regular household electricity for the power source. Using other power sources may result in fire, electric shock, or damage to the machine. Turn off the main power and remove the plug in the following circumstances: When you are away from the machine After using the machine When the power fails during use When the machine does not operate correctly due to a bad connection or a disconnection During electrical storms Do not use extension cords or multi-plug adapters with many other appliances plugged in to them. Fire or electric shock may result. Do not touch the plug with wet hands. Electric shock may result. When unplugging the machine, always turn off the main power first. Always grasp the plug to remove it from the outlet. Pulling on the cord may damage the cord, or lead to fire or electric shock. Do not allow the power cord to be cut, damaged, modified, forcefully bent, pulled, twisted, or bundled. Do not place heavy objects on the cord. Do not subject the cord to heat. These things may damage the cord and cause fire or electric shock. If the cord or plug is damaged, take the machine to your authorized dealer for repairs before continuing use. Unplug the power cord if the machine is not to be used for a long period of time, otherwise a fire may result. Connecting Plugs Connect the foot controller plug to the machine. Connect the power supply plug to a wall outlet. Note When leaving the machine unattended, the main switch of the machine should be switched off or the plug must be removed from the wall outlet. When servicing the machine, or when removing covers or changing bulbs, the machine must be unplugged. (For U.S.A. only) This appliance has a polarized plug (one blade wider than the other). To reduce the risk of electric shock, this plug is intended to fit in a polarized outlet only one way. If the plug does not fit fully in the outlet, reverse the plug. If it still does not fit, contact a qualified electrician to install the proper outlet. Do not modify the plug in any way. 7
10 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Main Power and Sewing Light Switch This switch turns the main power and sewing light on or off. Checking the Needle The sewing needle must always be straight and sharp for smooth sewing. Checking the Needle Correctly Put the flat side of the needle on a flat surface. Check the needle from the top and the sides. Dispose of any bent needles safely. Turn on (toward the I mark) Turn off (toward the O mark) Foot Controller When you press the foot controller down lightly, the machine will run at a low speed. When you press harder, the machine s speed will increase. When you take your foot off the foot controller, the machine will stop. You should make sure that nothing is placed on the foot controller when the machine is not in use. Foot controller Do not allow pieces of cloth and dust to build up on the foot controller. Doing so could cause a fire or an electric shock. Note (For U.S.A. only) Foot Controller: Model KD-90 This foot controller can be used for Model XL-500, XL-600, XL-50, XL-60, XL-50, XL-60. Parallel space Level surface (bobbin cover, glass, etc.) Replacing the Needle Remove the power supply plug from the outlet. Turn the main power switch off before you change the needle. If you leave the main power on and step on the foot controller, the machine will start and you may be injured. Only use sewing machine needles for home use. Other needles may bend or break and cause injury. Never sew with a bent needle. A bent needle will easily break and cause injury. Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark on the handwheel points directly up. Lower the presser foot lever. Presser foot lever 8
11 5 Hold the needle with your left hand, and then use a screwdriver to turn the needle clamp screw counterclockwise to remove the needle. Screwdriver Needle clamp screw Do not use excessive force when loosening or tightening the needle clamp screw, otherwise certain parts of the sewing machine may be damaged. With the flat side of the needle toward the back of the machine, insert the needle until it touches the needle stopper. Next, tighten the needle clamp using the screwdriver. Screwdriver Needle Stopper Needle Put the twin needle in the same way. Changing the Presser Foot You will have to change the presser foot depending on what you want to sew and how. Snap-on Type Make sure you insert the needle until it touches the stopper, and securely tighten the needle clamp screw with a screwdriver. If the needle is not fully inserted, or if the needle clamp screw is loose, the needle may break or the machine may be damaged. Always turn off the power before you change the presser foot. If you leave the power on and step on the controller, the machine will start and you may be injured. Always use the correct presser foot for the stitch pattern you have chosen. If you use the wrong presser foot, the needle may strike the presser foot and bend or break, and may cause injury. Only use presser feet that have been designed to be used with this machine. Using any other presser foot may cause accident or injury. Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise), and then raise the presser foot lever. Release the foot by raising the lever at the back of the holder. Presser Foot 9
12 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Put a different presser foot on the needle plate so that the bar on the presser foot is in line with the slot on the shank. Lower the presser foot lever and fix the presser foot onto the shank. If the presser foot is in the correct place, the bar should snap in. Flat Bed Attachment The accessories are stored in a compartment inside the flat bed attachment. Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to open it. Shank Presser Foot Installation Orientation Flat bed attachment Storage compartment Note Put the accessories inside a bag, and then store the bag inside the compartment. If the accessories are not in a bag, they may fall out and be lost or damaged. Using a Free-arm Style Free-arm sewing is convenient for sewing tubular and hard-to-reach areas. To change your machine to the free-arm style, lift out the flat bed attachment. Slide the flat bed attachment to the left to release it. Flat bed attachment If the presser foot is not installed with the correct orientation, the needle may strike the presser foot, which may bend or break the needle and cause injury. 0
13 THE CONTROLS Pattern Selection Dial When you use the pattern selection dial to choose a pattern, turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) to set the needle in the highest position. If the needle is in the down position when you turn the pattern selection dial, the needle, presser foot or fabric may be damaged. To choose a stitch, simply turn the pattern selection dial in either direction. The next section shows recommended stitch lengths and widths. 5 es (only available on certain models) Pattern selection dial Chosen pattern number 5 es
14 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Patterns and Names Pattern 5 es 5 es Name Recommended Width (mm (inch)) Recommended Length (mm (inch)) Instruction Manual Page -STEP AUTOMATIC BUTTONHOLE (/8 /6) F-.5 (/6-/6) STRAIGHT STITCH 0-5 (0-/6) (Changes needle position) - (/6-/6) 7, 7, 8,,, ZIGZAG STITCH 0-5 (0-/6) F- (/6-/6) 8, 6, 9, BLIND HEM STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/6) 9 SHELL TUCK STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/8) 9 ELASTIC STITCH (/8-/6) F-.5 (/6-/) 0 STRETCH BLIND HEM STITCH (/8-/6) F-.5 (/6-/6) 9 STRETCH BLIND HEM STITCH (/8-/6) F-.5 (/6-/6) 9 ELASTIC SHELL TUCK STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/8) DOUBLE ACTION STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/8) BRIDGING STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/8) RAMPART STITCH (/8-/6) F- (/6-/8) TRIANGLE STITCH TRIPLE STRETCH STITCH TRIPLE ZIGZAG STRETCH STITCH STRETCH OVERLOCK STITCH (/8-/6) 0-5 (0-/6) (Changes needle position) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) F-.5 (/6-/6).5 (/)* 7.5 (/).5 (/)*.5 (/).5 (/).5 (/) * The stitch can also be sewn when the stitch length dial is set to.
16 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Pattern 5 es 5 es Name Recommended Width (mm (inch)) Recommended Length (mm (inch)) Instruction Manual Page COMB STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) COMB STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) DECORATIVE STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) FAGOTING STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) DECORATIVE STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) DECORATIVE HEM STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) DECORATIVE STITCH (/8-/6).5 (/) Length Dial Depending on the selected stitch, you may need to adjust the stitch length for best results. The numbers marked on the stitch length dial represent the stitch length in millimeters (mm) (/5 inch). THE HIGHER THE NUMBER, THE LONGER THE STITCH. With the 0 setting, material is not fed. This is used when sewing a button. The F range is for making a satin stitch (close zigzag stitch), which is used for making buttonholes and decorative stitches. The position needed for making the satin stitch varies according to the material and thread being used. To determine the exact dial position, first test the stitch and length settings on a scrap piece of fabric to observe the feeding of the material. If the stitches are bunched together, lengthen the stitch length and continue sewing. Do not continue sewing without lengthening the stitch length, otherwise the needle may break and cause injury. length dial Shorter Longer
17 Stretch ing 5 es Selecting a Stretch Setting the stitch length dial to or changes the selected pattern to a stretch stitch. Reverse Sewing Lever You can use reverse sewing for back tacking and reinforcing seams. To sew in reverse, push the reverse sewing lever in as far as possible and hold it in that position while you lightly push the foot controller. To sew forward, release the reverse sewing lever. The machine will then sew forward. 5 es Selecting a Stretch Setting the stitch length dial to selected pattern to a stretch stitch. changes the Reverse sewing lever Width Dial The numbers marked on the dial represent the stitch width. THE HIGHER THE NUMBER, THE WIDER THE STITCH. width dial. Note When the Straight or Triple Stretch is selected, the needle position can be changed from left to right by adjusting the stitch width dial. 5
18 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE THREADING THE MACHINE Winding the Bobbin Only use bobbins (part code: SA56, SFB (XA559-5)) that have been designed for this sewing machine. Using other bobbins may cause damage to the machine. We designed the bobbin that comes with this machine. If you use bobbins from other models, the machine will not work properly. Only use the bobbin that comes with this machine or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA56, SFB (XA559-5)). Actual size.5 mm (7/6 inch) This model Other models Pre-tension disk Bobbin winder shaft Put the spool of thread on the spool pin and pass the thread around the pre-tension disk. If the spool of thread is not in the right place, the thread may tangle on the spool pin. Put the bobbin onto the bobbin winder shaft and slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Turn the bobbin clockwise, by hand, until the spring on the shaft slides into the groove of the bobbin. Pass the end of the thread through the hole on the bobbin from the inside of the bobbin. Spring on the shaft Groove of the bobbin 6
19 While holding the end of the thread, gently press the foot controller to wind the thread around the bobbin a few times. Then stop the machine. Make sure you follow the instructions carefully. If you do not cut the excess thread completely before winding the bobbin, when the thread runs low it may tangle around the bobbin and cause the needle to break. Trim the excess thread above the bobbin. 5 Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle. Press the foot controller to start. 6 Wound evenly Wound poorly When the bobbin seems full and begins 7 spinning slowly, take your foot off the foot controller. Cut the thread, slide the bobbin winder shaft 8 to the left and remove the bobbin. Note The needle bar does not move when you slide the bobbin winder shaft to the right. Immediately after winding the bobbin, it is normal to hear the sound of the clutch engaging when beginning to sew or turning the handwheel. 7
20 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Lower Threading For more details on using the quick-set bobbin, see page 9. Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) and raise the presser foot lever. Slide the button and open the cover. Not winding the bobbin properly may cause the thread tension to loosen, and may break the needle. Cover Slide button Put the bobbin in so the thread comes out in the direction shown by the arrow. Wound evenly Wound poorly The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If bobbins from other models are used, the machine will not operate correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA56, SFB (XA559-5)). Actual size.5 mm (7/6 inch) This model Other models Make sure you turn the power off while threading the machine. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine starts to sew, you could be injured. Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. Make sure that the thread is correctly inserted through the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin case. If it is not inserted, reinsert the thread. Tension-adjusting spring 8
21 Hold the end of the thread, push the bobbin down with your finger, and then pass the thread through the slit, as shown. Lower Threading (for models equipped with a quick-set bobbin) This feature is only available on certain models. Winding the bobbin improperly may cause the thread tension to loosen, breaking the needle and resulting in injury. 5 Reattach the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in place (see arrow ), and then press lightly on the right side (see arrow ) until the cover clicks into place. Replace the cover so that the end of the thread comes out from the left side of the cover (as shown by the line in the illustration). Wound evenly Wound poorly The bobbin was designed specifically for this sewing machine. If bobbins from other models are used, the machine will not operate correctly. Use only the enclosed bobbin or bobbins of the same type (part code: SA56, SFB (XA559-5)). Actual size.5 mm (7/6 inch) This model Other models Be sure to turn off the power. If you accidentally step on the foot controller and the machine begins to operate, injury could result. 9
22 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Follow steps and from Lower Threading. Put the bobbin in, feed the end of the thread through the slit, and then pull the thread to cut it. Reattach the bobbin cover. Put the left tab in place (see arrow ), and then press lightly on the right side (see arrow ) until the cover clicks into place. Only use bobbins that were designed to be used with this machine. You can begin sewing immediately without drawing up the bobbin thread. If you want to draw up the bobbin thread before you start to sew, follow the procedure in Drawing up the Lower Thread (page ). Make sure you set the bobbin so the thread unrolls in the right direction. If the thread unrolls in the wrong direction, it may cause the thread tension to be incorrect or break the needle. Cutter Make sure that the thread is correctly inserted through the tension-adjusting spring of the bobbin case. If it is not inserted, reinsert the thread. Tension-adjusting spring 0
23 Upper Threading Spool pin Thread guide (back) Thread guide (front) Thread take-up lever 5 Mark on the handwheel Make sure you thread the machine properly. Otherwise, the thread could tangle and break the needle. IMPORTANT: Raise the presser foot using the presser foot lever. Pull up the spool pin and put a spool of thread on this pin. If the spool of thread is in the wrong place, or is set incorrectly, the thread may tangle on the spool pin and cause the needle to break. Feed the upper thread as shown in the illustration above. Pass the thread through both thread guides: the back one first, and then the front one. Presser foot lever 5 Make sure you guide the thread through the thread take-up lever from right to left. Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark on the handwheel points directly up. If the needle is not correctly raised, the sewing machine can not be threaded. Be sure to turn the handwheel so that the mark on the wheel points up before threading the sewing machine. Thread take-up lever
24 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE 6 Put the thread behind the guide above the needle. The thread can easily be passed behind the needle bar thread guide by holding the thread in your left hand, then feeding the thread with your right hand. Using the Needle Threader (for models equipped with a needle threader) This feature is only available on certain models. Turn the power off and lower the presser foot lever. Raise the needle to its highest position by turning the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) so that the mark on the handwheel points directly up. Needle bar thread guide IMPORTANT: 7 Thread the needle from front to back leaving a thread tail of about 5 cm ( inch). If your sewing machine is equipped with a needle threader, use the needle threader to thread the needle (see next section). Needle holder Needle threader lever Note When you use the needle threader, make sure the needle holder is in the highest position, otherwise the hook may be damaged. While lowering the needle threader lever, hook the thread onto the guide. 5 cm ( inch) Note If the thread take-up lever is lowered, the upper thread can not be wrapped around the thread take-up lever. Make sure you raise the presser foot lever and the thread take-up lever before you feed the upper thread. If you incorrectly feed the thread you may cause sewing problems. Needle holder Needle threader lever Guide
25 Pull down the needle threader lever as much as possible, and then turn the lever toward the back of the machine (away from you). Make sure that the hook passes through the eye of the needle and grabs the thread. 6 Raise the needle threader lever and pull out about 5 cm ( inch) of thread through the needle toward the back of the sewing machine. 5 Hook Thread Hold the thread in front of the needle to make sure that the hook grabs it. While lightly holding the thread, turn the needle threader lever toward the front of the machine (toward you). The hook will pull the thread through the needle. The needle threader can only be used with home sewing machine needles size 75/-00/6. Check the table on page 6 for the appropriate needle and thread combinations. If you are using transparent nylon mono-filament thread, you can only use needles in the range of 90/-00/6. You can not use the needle threader if you are using decorative threads or special needles, such as the twin needle and wing needle. When using these needles or threads you will need to thread the needle by hand. Make sure the main power switch is off when threading.
26 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE Drawing up the Lower Thread While lightly holding the end of the upper thread, slowly turn the handwheel toward you (counterclockwise) by hand to lower and then raise the needle. Quick-set Bobbin Threading This is only available on certain models. You can begin sewing immediately without drawing up the bobbin thread. When sewing gathers or darts, you can draw up the lower thread by hand so that some thread will be left over. Before you draw up the lower thread, put the bobbin back in. Pass the thread along the slit in the direction of the arrow, and leave it there without cutting it. Pull on the upper thread to draw up the lower thread. The bobbin cover should still be removed. Draw up the lower thread as described in the previous steps to. Replace the bobbin cover. Sewing with a Twin Needle Pull out about 0 cm ( inch) of both threads and put them toward the back of the machine under the presser foot. Upper thread Lower thread We have designed your machine so you can sew with this needle and two top threads. You can use the same color or two different colors of thread for making decorative stitches. Use only twin needles that have been made for this machine (part code: X575-0). Other needles could break and damage the machine. When using the twin needle, make sure the stitch width is not set above since this may cause the needle to hit the needle plate and break. Make sure that the needle does not strike the presser foot. Do not sew with bent needles. The needle could break and injure you. When using the twin needle, make sure you use the zigzag presser foot only.
27 Attaching the Twin Needle Attach the twin needle in the same way as a single needle (see page 8). The flat side of the needle should face toward the back and the rounded side should face toward you. Attaching the Extra Spool Pin Put the extra spool pin in the hole on the top of the machine. Put the second spool of thread onto the extra spool pin. Thread Tension The tension of the thread will affect the quality of your stitches. You may need to adjust it when you change fabric or thread. Memo We recommend that you do a test sample on scrap of a fabric before you start to sew. Correct Tension Correct tension is important as too much or too little tension will weaken your seams or cause puckers on your fabric. Twin Needle Threading You should thread each needle separately. Thread the left needle. Follow the same instructions for threading a single needle (see page ). Thread the right needle. Thread the right needle in the same way that you threaded the left needle using the thread from the spool on the extra spool pin, but do not pass the thread through the guide above the needle before you pass it through the eye of the right needle. Surface of fabric Back of fabric Upper thread Lower thread 5 Loops appear on surface of fabric 6 Loops appear on back of fabric Upper Tension is too Tight Loops will appear on the surface of the fabric. 5 Left needle thread passes through the needle bar thread guide Right needle thread passes in front of the needle bar thread guide Needle bar thread guide Note Models Equipped with a Needle Threader You can not use the needle threader to thread the twin needle. Instead, thread the twin needle by hand, from front to back. Using the needle threader may damage the machine. 5 Solution Reduce the tension by turning the upper tension control dial to a lower number. Upper Tension is too Loose Loops appear on the back of the fabric. 6 Solution Increase the tension by turning the upper tension control dial to a higher number. 5 5
28 KNOWING YOUR SEWING MACHINE FABRIC, THREAD, AND NEEDLE COMBINATIONS Medium weight fabrics Lightweight fabrics Heavyweight fabrics Stretch fabrics Fabric Type Broadcloth Taffeta Flannel, Gabardine Type Cotton Thread synthetic mercerized Silk or silk finished Thread Size Lawn, Batiste Cotton Georgette Thread synthetic mercerized Challis, Satin Silk Denim Cotton 0 50 Corduroy Tweed Jersey Tricot For top stitching Thread synthetic mercerized 50 Silk Thread for knits Size of Needle 75/ 90/ 65/9 75/ 90/ 00/6 Ball point needle (golden colored) 75/ 90/ Thread synthetic mercerized 0 90/ 00/6 Silk Memo For clear nylon thread, always use needle 90/ - 00/6. You can also use the same thread for the bobbin thread and upper threading. Make sure you follow the needle, thread, and fabric combinations listed in the table. Using the wrong combination, such as heavyweight fabric like denim with a small needle (65/9-75/), may bend or break the needle. The wrong combination may also cause the seam to be uneven, the fabric to pucker, or the machine to skip stitches. 6
29 STRAIGHT AND ZIGZAG STITCHING Please Read Before Sewing To avoid being injured, watch the needle carefully while you are using the machine. Keep your hands away from moving parts. Do not stretch or pull the fabric during sewing, otherwise the needle may be damaged and you may be injured. Do not use bent or broken needles, otherwise you may be injured. Take care that the needle does not hit basting pins or other objects during sewing. The needle may break and you may be injured. Always use the correct presser foot. If you use the wrong presser foot, the needle may hit the presser foot and bend or break and you may be injured. When you turn the handwheel by hand, always turn it toward you (counterclockwise). Turning it the other way may cause the thread to tangle and damage the needle or fabric, and you may be injured. Straight ing *Turn the stitch width dial to adjust the needle position. Setting the dial to 5 selects the left needle position; setting the dial to 0 selects the right needle position. Starting Sewing Name Straight Triple Stretch Pattern Length - (/6-/6).5 (/).5 (/) Width 5-0* (/6-0) Turn the pattern selection dial to choose the stitch number you want. You also need to set the pattern selection dial to the Straight or Triple Stretch. Raise the needle to its highest position and lift the presser foot lever. Pull the upper thread though the toes of the presser foot. Put the fabric under the presser foot and position the needle cm (/8 inch) from the edge of the fabric. Lower the presser foot. 5 To back tack, push down the reverse sewing 6 lever as far as possible, and then press the foot controller to start reverse sewing. Release the foot controller to stop sewing. Release the reverse sewing lever and start 7 sewing in the forward direction by pressing the foot controller. You can use reverse sewing for locking the end of seams and to strengthen a stitch. Make sure the needle does not hit a pin or any other object during sewing. The thread could tangle or the needle could break, and you may be injured. 7
30 STRAIGHT AND ZIGZAG STITCHING Changing Sewing Direction Stop the machine at the point where you want to change direction with the needle still in the fabric. Raise the presser foot and turn the fabric to its new direction using the needle as a pivot. To prepare the machine for the next seam, pull about 0 cm ( inch) of thread through the toes of the presser foot toward the back of the machine. Top ing and Stretch Materials You can use a straight stitch for top stitching and sewing lightweight fabrics. You can use a triple stretch stitch for sewing stretch fabrics. Zigzag ing Lower the presser foot and start sewing in the new direction. Finishing Sewing You can use stitching to lock the threads at the end of the seam or to strengthen a stitch. to the end of the seam and stop. Push the reverse sewing lever and stitch backwards for cm (/8 inch) from the end of the fabric. Name Zigzag Pattern Length F- (/6-/6) Width 0-5 (0-/6) Zigzag Turn the pattern selection dial to the Zigzag, and then start sewing. Removing the Material from the Machine We recommend that you sew using the Straight at the beginning and end of zigzag stitches. (This acts as a reinforcement stitch.) Stop the machine. Raise the needle to its highest position and make sure that the thread take-up lever is also in its highest position. Lift the presser foot and pull the fabric out gently to the left hand side. Cut both threads with the thread cutter on the left hand side of the machine. Satin Setting the Zigzag length in the F range produces a satin stitch (close zigzag stitch). The Satin can be used for making buttonholes and decorative stitches. Set the pattern selection dial to the Zigzag, set the stitch length in the F range, and set the stitch width dial between 0 and 5. Thread cutter 8
31 BUILT-IN STITCHES Blind Hem ing Name Blind Hem Pattern Length F- (/6-/6) Width (/8-/6) 5 A When the fabric is unfolded you will have a Blind Hem as shown in Fig. D. B Stretch Blind Hem Stretch Blind Hem F-.5 (/6-/6) F-.5 (/6-/6) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) C D You can use the Blind Hem to finish the edge of a project, like the hem of a pair of trousers, without the stitch showing. Use the Blind Hem when sewing on non-stretch fabrics, and the Stretch Blind Hem for stretch fabrics. Right side of fabric Wrong side of fabric 0 mm (/8 inch) 5 mm (/6 inch) Both threads should be the same color as the fabric. Fold back the hem, as shown in Fig. A. Then fold the edge of the fabric as in Fig. B. Leave a 6 mm (5/6 inch) overlap at the edge. Set the pattern selection dial to the Blind Hem or Stretch Blind Hem, and then set the stitch length. Sew on the fold as in Fig. C. Note The Stretch Blind Hem is useful for stretch fabrics. Shell Tuck ing Name Shell Tuck Pattern Length F- (/6-/8) Width (/8-/6) The Shell Tuck can be used to sew a picot (lace-like) edge on lightweight fabric. Set the pattern selection dial to the Shell Tuck. Adjust the thread tension so that it is tighter than normal. Place the fabric under the presser foot so that it will be sewn along the bias, with the straight stitches sewn on the seamline and the zigzag stitches sewn slightly over the folded edge. 9
32 BUILT-IN STITCHES Sew at a slow speed. Joining Fabric You can use the Elastic to join two pieces of fabric together and it is very effective when sewing knitted fabrics. If you are using nylon thread, the stitch will not be visible. Put the edge of the two pieces of fabric together and center them under the presser foot. Elastic ing Sew them together using the Elastic. Make sure you keep the two fabric edges close together. Name Pattern Length Width Elastic F-.5 (/6-/) (/8-/6) You can use the Elastic for mending, sewing elastic or joining fabric. Each is explained below. Set the pattern selection dial to the Elastic. Mending Set the stitch length dial between F and.5. Place the reinforcement fabric under the area you want to mend. Following the line of the tear, sew using the Elastic as shown. Sewing Elastic Place the elastic on the fabric. As you sew, stretch the elastic in front of and behind the presser foot. 0
33 Double Action ing Name Double Action Bridging Pattern Length F- (/6-/8) F- (/6-/8) Width (/8-/6) (/8-/6) Set the pattern selection dial to the Smocking, Fagoting, or Decorative. along the edge, pulling both threads slightly when beginning to sew. Use thicker than normal threads for sewing. After sewing, remove the basting and the paper. Finish by tying knots on the reverse side at the beginning and the end of the seams. Rampart F- (/6-/8) (/8-/6) These stitches are used for joining two pieces of fabric, such as when making patchwork. Set the pattern selection dial to the Double Action, Bridging, or Rampart..5 mm First needle drop Overedge ing Name Pattern Length Width Elastic Shell Tuck F- (/6-/8) (/8-/6) Patchworking Name These stitches are used to join two pieces of fabric while leaving a space between their edges. Smocking Fagoting Decorative Pattern Length.5 (/).5 (/).5 (/) Width (/8-/6) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) Fold over the edges of the two pieces of fabric for the hem and baste the edges to a thin piece of paper leaving a small space between them. Stretch Overlock Elastic Overlock Arrowhead Arrowhead Comb Comb.5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) (/8-/6)
34 BUILT-IN STITCHES You can use these stitches to join together seams and finish them in one operation. The Overlock es are also useful for sewing stretch materials while the Arrowhead is ideal for sewing the edge of a blanket. Set the pattern selection dial to an overedge stitch. Put the fabric under the presser foot so that the seamline (or arrowhead point) is approximately mm (/8 inch) to the left of the center of the presser foot. This stitch works best with a seam allowance of approximately 5 mm (/6 inch) as this allows the right (zigzag) side of the stitch to overlock the cut edge of the fabric. Feather ing Name Feather Use the Feather as a decorative top stitch when embroidering or when hemming blankets, tablecloths, or draperies. Pattern Length Width.5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6) Set the pattern selection dial to the Feather. Place the fabric right side up and sew cm (/8 inch) from the edge of the fabric. Trim close to the stitching. The stitch will prevent the fabric from unravelling. If the seam allowance is wider than the stitch pattern, trim away any excess fabric after stitching. A finished Elastic Overlock is shown in the illustration below. Triple Zigzag Stretch ing Name Triple Zigzag Stretch Pattern Length Width.5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/) This stitch can be used wherever a zigzag stitch would be used to sew heavyweight stretch fabrics. The Triple Zigzag Stretch can also be used as a decorative top stitch. Set the pattern selection dial to the Triple Zigzag Stretch.
35 Decorative ing Name Pattern Length Width Triangle F-.5 (/6-/6) (/8-/6) Decorative Leaf Tree Legs Decorative Stretch Overlock Stretch Overlock.5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6).5 (/).5 (/).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) Decorative Decorative Hem Decorative.5 (/).5 (/).5 (/) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) (/8-/6) These stitches can be used for decorative top stitching and for smocking. Set the pattern selection dial to the Triangle, Leaf, etc.
36 SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS Making a Buttonhole Pattern Length Width Foot Making a Buttonhole Step Sewn section Pattern Step (Front bar tack) a F-.5 (/6-/6) (/8 /6) Buttonhole Foot Memo We recommend that you practice making a buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric before you try it on an actual garment. When making buttonholes on soft fabrics, place a stabilizer material on the underside of the fabric. Using tailor s chalk, mark the position and length of the buttonhole on the fabric. Attach the buttonhole foot and push the frame back until it stops with the plastic insert at the front of the frame. If the presser foot is not installed with the correct orientation, the needle may strike the presser foot, which may bend or break the needle and cause injury. (See page 9 for the correct presser foot orientation.) You need to sew the front bar tack first. Line the bar tack mark under the center of the presser foot and match it up to the two lines on the presser foot.. Set the pattern selection dial to a.. Lower the presser foot and sew 5 to 6 stitches.. Stop the machine when the needle is at the left side of the stitches and then raise the needle from the material. Step b (Left side). Turn the pattern selection dial to b.. Sew the length of the tailor s chalk line.. Stop the machine when the needle is at the left side of the stitch and then raise the needle. Step c (Back bar tack). Turn the pattern selection dial to c (same position as in step ).. Sew 5 to 6 stitches.. Stop the machine when the needle is at the right side of the stitch and then raise the needle from the material. Step (Right side). Set the pattern selection dial to d.. Sew the right side until the needle reaches the stitches sewn in step. Securing the ing and Cutting the Buttonhole To secure the stitching, turn the material 90 degrees counterclockwise and sew straight stitches to the end of the front bar tack of the buttonhole. d Remove the material from the machine. We recommend that you put pins across both ends of the buttonhole to prevent the stitches from being cut. Front of chalk mark Red lines
37 Cut an opening in the middle of the buttonhole with the seam ripper tool. Be careful not to cut through any stitches. When using the seam ripper to open the buttonhole, do not put your hand or finger in the path of the ripper. The seam ripper may slip and you may be injured. After obtaining a satisfactory feed on the right side, stitch the buttonhole and observe the feeding. If the left side is too coarse or fine compared with the right side, adjust the buttonhole fineadjustment screw as described below. If the left side is too coarse, turn the buttonhole fine-adjustment screw with a large screwdriver in the direction. If the left side is too fine, turn the buttonhole fine-adjustment screw with a large screwdriver in the + direction. This adjustment ensures both sides of the buttonhole are the same. Adjusting Buttonholes If the stitching on the two sides of the buttonhole is not the same, you can make the following adjustments. Set the stitch length dial between "F" and.5 and sew the buttonhole on a scrap piece of fabric to observe how the material is fed. If the right side of the buttonhole is too coarse or fine, adjust the feeding of the material with the stitch length dial. length dial Buttonhole fine-adjustment screw Left side Buttonhole appearance Right side Shorter Longer 5
38 SEWING BUTTONHOLES AND BUTTONS Sewing Buttons At a slow speed, sew about 0 stitches. 7 Name Pattern Zigzag Length F (/6) Width Any Foot Button Sewing Foot Other Darning Plate Measure the distance between the buttonholes and set the pattern selection dial to the Zigzag, and set the width you want. Remove the power supply plug from the outlet. Remove the material from the machine. Cut 8 the upper and lower threads and tie both threads at the back of the material. Change the foot to the button sewing foot. Place the darning plate on the needle plate. Make sure the needle does not hit the button during sewing. The needle may break and you may be injured. 5 6 Connect the power supply plug into the wall outlet. Put a button between the foot and the fabric and make sure that the needle enters the holes without hitting the button. If it hits, see step. 6
39 5 USING ATTACHMENTS AND APPLICATIONS Zipper Insertion Name Straight Pattern Length - (/6-/8) Width.5 (center) (/) Foot Zipper Foot Sew from the bottom of the zipper toward the top on both sides. The needle should be positioned on the zipper side of the foot for best results. You can use the zipper foot to sew different types of zippers, and can easily position it to the right or left side of the needle. When sewing the right side of the zipper, attach the shank to the left pin of the zipper foot. When sewing the left side of the zipper, attach the shank to the right pin of the zipper foot. Zipper foot Right pin for sewing the left side of the zipper Left pin for sewing the right side of the zipper Set the pattern selection dial to the Straight. Set the stitch length between (/6 inch) and (/8 inch). Set the stitch width at.5 (/ inch). Lower the presser foot lever and fix either the left or right pin of the zipper foot onto the shank. Fold the edge of the material cm (/ inch) and place the zipper under the folded section. Lower the needle into the notch located either on the left or right side of the zipper foot. 5 To sew the opposite side of the zipper, first turn the machine off and raise the presser foot lever. Release the zipper foot by pressing the button located at the back of the foot, then fit the foot on the other side of the zipper. Continue sewing using the pin on that side of the zipper foot. Make sure the needle does not hit the zipper during sewing. If the needle hits the zipper, the needle may break and you may be injured. 5 Turn the handwheel by hand to make sure the needle does not hit the zipper foot before you start sewing. Choosing a different stitch will cause the needle to hit the presser foot and break, and you may be injured. 7
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C100 Instruction Manual Please read this Instruction Manual and the safety instructions before operating the appliance! IMPORTANT SAFEGUARDS When using electrical appliances, basic safety precautions should
Basic Quilting Guide Making a Quilt Preparing Materials and Equipment Fabric... We recommend 00% cotton that is not too thick. Quilt batting... Normally, medium-thick 00% polyester batting is used. There
T14008 Safety and Instruction Manual PLEASE READ CAREFULLY Ceramic Marble Coated Electric Grill T14008 Ceramic Marble Coated Electric Grill WHAT S IN THE BOX Ceramic Coated Grill Instruction Manual 8 Wooden
Quilted Garden Tote a tutorial from and Since quilting is my focus in sewing, I m always looking for new ways to incorporate it into other sewing. This simple tote was a great way to quilt and use up some
INSTRUCTION MANUAL 758 Heavy-duty Ratchet Guy Wire Cutter Read and understand all of the instructions and safety information in this manual before operating or servicing this tool. Register this product
Things You ll Need To Assemble this Kit: Pencil and Hobby Knife: White Glue: Aliphatic Resin glue, such as TITEBOND or ELMER S CARPENTER S WOOD GLUE - ELMER S WHITE SCHOOL GLUE also works but dries slower.
Comfort Blanket How to support patients with Dementia by creating a textured blanket What is a comfort blanket? It s a handmade blanket made with different textured materials and decorated with buttons,
LUCCI AIRFUSION QUEST II CEILING FAN WITH IR REMOTE INSTALLATION OPERATION MAINTENANCE WARRANTY INFORMATION CAUTION READ INSTRUCTIONS CAREFULLY FOR SAFE INSTALLATION AND FAN OPERATION. V1.0 QUEST II IR