Forensic Science Final Review Guide. Name Date Period HW# Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8,part of 11, 13, 15

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1 Forensic Science Final Review Guide Name Date Period HW# Chapters: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8,part of 11, 13, 15 Review the vocabulary found on the first page of each chapter. Chapter 1 1. Define forensic science: 2. List the various jobs of a forensic scientist: 3. Define perception: 4. List the ways in which information is processed in the brain: - > - > - > - > 5. List 4 ways to improve observational skills: Chapter 2 1. List the 1 st and 2 nd priority of the First Responding Officer: 2. Define Locard s Principle of exchange:

2 3. Complete the following chart of definitions and examples: Direct evidence Term Definition 3 examples Circumstantial evidence Class evidence Individual evidence Physical evidence Biological evidence 4. Define primary crime scene: 5. Define secondary crime scene: 6. Problem solving: Solve crime scene scale problems in the chart below: Scale Actual Length Sketched Length 7cm =1 m 5cm 12cm = 1m 120m

3 7. Define paper bindle and give examples of what it is used for: Chapter 4 1. Complete the following chart: Fiber Definition Examples Animal Fiber Plant Fiber Synthetic Fiber 2. Describe the burn test and how it can be used to identify fibers: 3. Create a sketch of a hair and label the following parts: Cuticle, Medulla, Cortex 4. List and define 5 types of medulla patterns: 5. List and sketch the three types of cuticles. Which one is found in human hair?

4 6. What detail about hair will determine if it can be used as class or individual evidence? Chapter 6 1. List and sketch the 3 basic fingerprint patterns: 2. Fingerprints are considered what type of evidence? 3. Complete the following chart: Minutiae Minutiae Sketch Ending ridge Fork ( or bifurcation) Island ridge Dot

5 Spur Eye 4. List several historical uses of fingerprints: 5. Define Bertillon measurements and explain the purpose: 6. Complete the following chart: Types of Fingerprints Fingerprint Definition Example Latent Plastic Patent 7. List 5 ways of visualizing latent prints: Chapter 7

6 1. Explain how restriction enzymes work to determine the number of DNA fragments particular to an individual. 2. Gel Electrophoresis: a. How does the process of gel electrophoresis individualize DNA? b. How does electricity play a part in the process? c. How are the DNA fragments separated during gel electrophoresis? Chapter 8 1. What type of test is performed on stains in order to determine if they are blood? 2. What is another name for this test? 3. Please complete the following chart to determine blood type: Anti A Anti B RH Agglutination Agglutination Agglutination Blood Type Yes No No No No No Yes Yes Yes No Yes Yes 4. List several ways in which DNA fingerprints can be used:

7 5. A woman is suing Bob for paternity. Bob claims he can t possibly be the father. The baby has blood type O, the mother is type A and Bob is type B. Use a Punnett square to prove Bob could be the father. Chapter For the following story, state the manner, cause and mechanism of death. Evan is found dead outside of a convenience store with a gunshot wound in his chest. Manner: Cause: Mechanism: 2. What is the difference between algor mortis, rigor mortis, and livor mortis? Use reference charts in your textbook to answer the following questions. 3. If a body is found to be 89 C, how long ago did the person die? 4. If livor mortis is permanent how long, at least, has the person been dead? 5. If rigor mortis is only in the neck, how long may the person have been dead? 6. If rigor mortis is only in the legs, how long has the person been dead? 7. If only blow flies and their eggs are found on a body, how long has the person been dead? 8. What can the contents of the stomach, small intestines and large intestines tell you?

8 Chapter State the characteristics of the skull that would indicate sex, age and race. Sex: Age: Race: 2. State the characteristics of the pelvis that would indicate sex. 3. State the characteristics of long bones (humerus, tibia, etc.) that indicate age. Chapter Where in the tooth can individual evidence be found (DNA)? 8. What type of information can be determined by teeth? 9. Review the graph on page 437. How can a graph be used to determine the height of an individual based on their shoe or foot size? 10. List 6 ways in which a footprint can be individualized.

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