2 WELCOME TO YMCA YOUTH SPORTS Thank you for agreeing to be a coach in the YMCA Youth Sports program. As a YMCA coach, you will introduce a group of young people to the game of volleyball. We ask you to not only teach your players the basic skills and rules of the game, but also to make learning the game a joyful experience for them. You see, we want them to play volleyball not only for this season, but also for many years to come, and we want you to have fun teaching volleyball because we'd like you to help us again next season. Okay, let s get started. In this guide, you will find essential information about teaching volleyball the YMCA way. In the first section, we will explain the philosophy of YMCA Youth Sports. Next is your job description for being a YMCA Volleyball Coach, with reminders about how to work with this age group. Then we will show you how to teach volleyball and provide you with a season plan and a complete set of practice plans for this age group. In the next part we will explain how to teach the YMCA Youth Sports Values. In the last section we will discuss risk management procedures. Please read the entire guide carefully and consult it regularly during the season. Your YMCA offers you the opportunity to participate in a YMCA Volleyball Coaches Course. The three and one-half hour course will help you use this approach to teaching volleyball.
3 PHILOSOPHY OF YOUTH SPORTS
4 YMCA OF GREATER HOUSTON PHILOSOPHY OF YOUTH SPORTS What we want youth sports to be at the YMCA is stated in our Seven Pillars of YMCA Youth Sports. Everyone Plays. We do not use tryouts to select the best players, nor do we cut kids from YMCA Youth Sports. Everyone who registers is assigned to a team. During the season everyone receives equal practice time and plays at least half of every game. Safety First. Although children may get hurt playing sports, we do all we can to prevent injuries. We've modified each sport to make it safer and more enjoyable to play. We ask you to make sure the equipment and facilities are safe and to teach the sport as we've prescribed so the skills you teach are appropriate for children's developmental level. We ask you to gradually develop your players' fitness levels so they are conditioned for the sport. We also ask you to constantly supervise your young players so you can stop any unsafe activities. Character Development. Honesty, Respect, Responsibility, Caring, Faith are about playing by the rules and more. It's about you and your players showing respect for all that are involved in YMCA Youth Sports. It's about you being a role model of sporting behavior and guiding your players to do the same. Remember, we're more interested in developing children's character through sports than in developing a few highly skilled players. Positive Competition. We believe competition is a positive process when the pursuit of victory remains in the right perspective. The right perspective is when adults make decisions that put the best interests of the children before winning the contest. Learning to compete is important for children, and learning to cooperate in a competitive world is an essential lesson of life. Through YMCA Youth Sports, we want to help children learn these values, and parents to do the same.
5 Family Involvement. YMCA Youth Sports encourages parents to be involved appropriately in their child's participation in our sports programs. In addition to parents helping as volunteer coaches, officials, and timekeepers, we encourage them to be at practices and games to support their child's participation. To help parents get involved appropriately, YMCA Youth Sports offers parent orientation programs. Sport for All. YMCA Youth Sports is an inclusive sport program. That means that children who differ in various characteristics are included in rather than excluded from participation. We offer sports programs for children who differ in physical abilities by matching them with children of similar abilities and modifying the sport. We offer programs to all children regardless of their race, gender, religious creed, or ability. We ask our adult leaders to encourage and appreciate the diversity of children in our society and to encourage the children and their parents to do the same. Sport for Fun. Sports are naturally fun for most children. They love the challenge of mastering the skills of the game, playing with their friends, and competing with their peers. Sometimes when adults become involved in children's sports they over organize and dominate the activity to the point that it destroys children's enjoyment of the sport. If we take the fun out of sports for our children, we are in danger of the kids taking themselves out of sports. Remember that the sports are for the kids; let them have fun.
6 JOB DESCRIPTION
7 YOUR DUTIES AS A COACH Here are your seven duties as a YMCA Volleyball Coach: Teach the skills and tactics of volleyball to the best of your ability. We want you to teach children the physical skills and tactics to play the sport to the best of their ability. Kids value learning these skills and tactics, and they respect those who can help them master them. Be a good teacher, but remember that not all children have the same ability to learn. A few have the ability to be outstanding, many to be competent, and a few to barely play the sport. We ask that you help them all be the best they can be. Help your players learn the rules and traditions of volleyball. We will ask you to teach your players the rules of volleyball as they learn the basic skills through the modified games of the sport. Beyond the rules, we ll also ask you to teach the basic traditions of the sport. By traditions, we mean the proper actions to show courtesy and avoid injury in short, to be a good sport. Help your players become fit and value fitness for a lifetime. We want you to help your players be fit so they can play volleyball safely and successfully. However, we also want more. We want you to do so in a way that your players learn to become fit on their own, understand the value of fitness, and enjoy training. Thus, we ask you not to make them do push-ups or run laps for punishment. Make it fun to get fit for volleyball and make it fun to play volleyball so they will stay fit for a lifetime. Help young people develop character. Character development is teaching children the core values caring, honesty, faith, respect, and responsibility. These intangible qualities are no less important to teach than dribbling or defensive skills. We ask you to teach these values to children by conducting team circles, which are built into every practice plan, and demonstrating and encouraging behaviors that express these values at all times. Ensure the safety of your players. You are responsible for supervising every aspect of your players participation in volleyball. Make sure the court is clear of hazardous objects and that the kids do not engage in activities that might injure themselves or others. You have not only a legal but also a moral responsibility to supervise them closely. Help each child develop a sense of self-worth. An essential goal in conducting YMCA Youth Sports programs is to help children gain a strong, positive sense of their worth as human beings. For each of us, our most important possession is self-worth. Please teach our children volleyball in a way that helps
8 them grow to respect themselves and others. Make it fun. Make learning the game a fantastic positive experience so your players will want to continue playing for many years to come. BEING A GOOD COACH Just what makes a good volleyball coach? A person who knows the sport of volleyball well. If you re not familiar with the sport, be sure to attend the YMCA Volleyball Coaches Course and study more about the sport. A person who wants to teach volleyball to young people, who cares. Excellent teachers are motivated, have a positive attitude, and give the time to do the job well. A person who understands young people, who possesses empathy. Empathy is caring about the young people you teach by showing you understand them. We hope you will do your best to be a good volleyball coach for the children on your team. By doing so, you can help them develop their spirits, minds, and bodies the goal for all YMCA programs. YOUTH SPORTS PLEDGE Win or lose, I pledge before God to do my best, to be a team player, to respect my teammates, opponents and officials, and to improve myself in Spirit, Mind, and Body. Amen.
9 WORKING WITH 6-9 YEAR OLDS
10 WORKING WITH 6-9 YEAR OLDS PRINCIPLES OF DEVELOPMENTALLY APPROPRIATE ACTIVITIES 1. Recognize the increasing importance of peers to these young children. 2. Use positive guidance and discipline techniques to help children and youth achieve self-control and to develop their consciences. 3. School-agers are less dependent on adults, yet they still look to them for support and to serve as role models. 4. Older youth also can provide support and direction to younger children. 5. Younger children learn from older youth, and are often inspired by what they observe. 6. Open time, free play, and unstructured activities allow children to make choices and feel they have control of the activities they participate in. 7. Give specific direction in guiding children s behavior. 8. When children reach school-age: They continue to be active, their interests and concentration expand, they look for approval from adults. They become more sensitive and understand right from wrong. They understand rules. Sex differences in play may begin at this stage. They often have a strong self-concept, which changes to self-consciousness. They may be competitive and adventuresome. 9. Environments for school-agers should foster their physical and intellectual development. Opportunities for boisterous, competitive team sports as well as quiet independent play are appropriate. Activities involving manual dexterity are usually enjoyed. School-agers self-concept and cooperation skills can be fostered through Community service or helping younger children. The environment should continue to have proper adult supervision to ensure safety and provide support in their efforts at self-control.
11 COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT Behaviors Learns best in concrete terms. Prefers to participate rather than to be just a spectator. Memory is increasing. Developing a sense of moral judgment, right and wrong. Developing confidence and feelings of self worth with a growing awareness and acceptance of strengths and short comings. The child learns some degree of self control. Learns to live and cope with frustration. Allow opportunities for child to plan and implement daily activities. Encourage feedback about outcomes. Be aware of obsessive concern regarding appearance, particularly weight. The child is able to envision a concept of self regarding particular physical, social, and emotional characteristics. Focus on health and a healthy lifestyle. Activity Introduce new activities using props to increase understanding. Demonstrate an activity providing opportunities for children to practice individually before moving into groups or teams. Provide activities where all children can participate and the waiting time is limited. Several directions can be given to children with successful followthrough. Create rules that have been agreed to by the group with a clear understanding of consequences. Acknowledge the accomplishment or task with positive reinforcement and encouragement. Avoid negative labels. Independence increases as they make friends away from home, become interested in external events and experiences, and begin to want decision making capabilities in keeping with what they learn other children have. The personality of the child is affected by people and how they react to him.
12 A positive self concept enables a person to feel good about themselves, leading to self-respect and increased self-confidence. Praise, encouragement and positive reinforcement. MOTOR/PHYSICAL ACTIVITY Behaviors Middle childhood is characterized by slow and steady physical growth. Active play is most characteristic and children will become more fatigued by sitting for long periods than by physically moving. Children begin to understand consequences of actions and try various solutions. Will play vigorously in one activity but will quickly drop it for another. Children enjoy active games and team sports with an emphasis on skill development and lots of opportunity to practice. They understand and accept rules but will change them depending on the group. There is a belief in fair play. Activity Skipping, running, jumping will assist in development and practice of new skills. Provide activities for children that require problem solving and teamwork. Allow children time to learn skills and practice them. Provide a variety of activities where the number of participants vary from solitary to team and the skill level changes to include endurance, agility, concentration, coordination and movement. Games and sports should focus on enjoyment rather than winning. Everyone should have an opportunity to play. SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL Behaviors Peers take on greater importance and are typically same sex best friends. The peer group begins to influence the child s behavior and growth. Activity Allow opportunities for group work, problem solving, sharing ideas, and roles. Provide activities for groups of children to participate together, choosing their own groups.
13 Behaviors Conflicts are generally settled verbally. Beginning to be self critical and likes to do things well. Likes to assume some responsibility. Very talkative, using language to direct, report, reason, and speculate. Children will play fairly and well with others but will spend some time in solitary activity. Gets along well with his parents but better with his friends. Activity When conflict arises, allow children time to listen to one another s point of view and reach a mutually agreeable solution. Activities should place emphasis on participation, skill development and fair play ensuring all children feel good about their accomplishments. Provide opportunities for children to demonstrate responsibility. Mentoring programs, signing in/out, setting up/taking down activities, a variety of chores at home, are some ideas. Allow opportunities for the child to express themselves and share their thoughts. Encourage the child by providing and facilitating group discussions. Balance group and solitary play activities by providing opportunities and choices. Parents and adults are still considered the authority. Rules and guidelines should be developed with the children s participation demonstrating respect for the child s opinion while maintaining safety and values.
14 LANGUAGE Behaviors Activity 7-8 years olds are curious asking: Why? Provide opportunities for children What for? How? questions. They are to problem solve. Listen and beginning to understand objects, actions facilitate learning, provide ideas for and events, serve purposes. further discovery. Abstract thinking is beginning. Verbal understanding increases and the child can communicate his own thoughts more objectively. Provide opportunities for children to create activities, games, stories that stretch the imagination and test ideas. Ensure that the child is part of the decision making process.
15 PRACTICE OVERVIEW
16 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 YEAR OLDS PRACTICE 1 Warm-Up (10 minutes) Passing with forearms. Begin with kids in a single line facing the coach about 7 feet away. Toss ball to player, having them focus on correct form. The player should be able to pass the ball back to the tosser. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Gather the players into a group. I want everyone to run in place at a slow pace. Now a bit faster.. Now everyone stop. Now have everyone jump. Now hit the ball to each other and practice passing. Next, have them perform a leg stretch. Those four activities are part of volleyball, but they are also part of ways to improve their fitness. Running improves cardiorespiratory endurance, jumping helps muscular strength, passing improves muscular endurance, and stretching improves flexibility.
17 PRACTICE 1 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to forearm-pass or bump. 2. Practice forearm-passing or bump from partner tosses. Description In teams of three, a tosser tosses the ball to a passer, who forearm-passes to a target player. The target player returns balls to the tosser. Allow players three to five trials, then rotate roles. Coaches Cue: Keep a medium posture. Keep a flat platform. Keep your belly button facing the target. Move your feet to the ball. Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To use forearm passes or bump as the first pass in game play. Description Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position and use free-ball toss serves; alternate serves and rotate after each rally. Teams earn a bonus point when the first hit is a forearm pass.
18 Practice 1 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: Introduction to YMCA Values Gather the players into a circle with one ball. Everyone hand the ball to the player next to you until it makes it around the whole circle. After the ball has gone around the circle one time, have it passed back it you. We play volleyball to be healthy, stay fit, and have fun, but it also teaches us to become good teammates and good people. This season we will talk about 5 qualities of a good person and teammate: caring, honesty, respect, responsibility, and faith. Our team needs to have all of these qualities in our practices and games. Remember we can t be a team without each of you doing your part. Let s pass the ball to each other and when you receive the ball, say one of the core values and something you can do in a practice or game to exemplify that value.
19 Practice 1 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
20 PRACTICE 2 Warm-Up (10 minutes) Spiking With a partner, each player tosses high tosses to themselves and moves to the ball. Facing the net, spike the ball over the net. The partner catches the ball and then repeats the activity. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Gather the players into a group. Choose one player to act out being injured. Have another player find and tell the coach. Most times injuries aren t serious, but it is always best to have the injury looked at before moving or trying to continue. Telling me if your hurt helps to keep you safe during games and practices.
21 PRACTICE 2 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Practice forearm or bump passing and calling for the ball. Description In teams of three, one player tosses the ball to another player, who forearm-passes it to a target player. In teams of two, player one tosses the ball to player two, who forearm-passes it back to player one. Allow players three to five trials, then rotate roles. Coaches Cue: Volleyball stance! Feet to the ball! Flat Platform! Belly Button to target! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: Players will use the forearm pass as the first pass in game play. Description: This is the same as Practice Session 1, except that teams earn a point when the first hit is an attempt at the forearm pass.
22 Practice 2 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: RESPECT Get the team together in a group next to two cones ten feet apart. Act out two different examples of celebrating after a good play or a win.the first one should be exaggerated and obviously inappropriate, while the second example demonstrates the kind of celebrating you would like to see from your team. Ask the players which example they think is the best way to celebrate a good play or win. If they pick the first example, have them stand by the first cone. If they think the second example is the best way, have them stand by the second cone. All the players should vote. After the whole team has voted, ask why they voted the way they did. Tell them that the second example is the kind of celebrating that shows respect for their opponents.
23 Practice 2 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
24 PRACTICE 3 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In two sets of partners, a setter tosses to set the ball to a hitter, who hits the ball over the net. The second set of partners retrieves the ball and repeats the activity. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: General Fitness Gather the players into a group. Get a picture of hill in your mind. You see it? Now pretend we re all bicycling up that hill. We start at the bottom and slowly climb. We have to work harder and harder as we make it to the top. Then we start pedaling back down the hill, which is much easier.. That hill is the way we practice we start with a warm-up then increase the intensity of practice and then finish with a cool-down. Warm-ups and cooldowns are important parts of healthy fitness.
25 PRACTICE 3 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to perform the underhand serve. 2. Practice underhand. Description In partners, players start close to the net, opposite sides of the court facing each other attempting the underhand serve. When players are successful, they gradually move back to the end line. Challenge players to get two serves in a row over the net and within court boundaries. Coaches Cue: Feet to ball!. Face the net! Jump off both feet! Throw hands high! Swing fast! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: Introduce a basic volleyball game with a focus on serving the ball over the net. Description: 3 vs 3 Explain the base position (triad) and rotation before play begins. Players start in the base position and begin the game with a player performing an underhand serve over the net. Alternate which side makes the initial serve and rotate after each rally.
26 Practice 3 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: RESPONSIBILITY Gather the team into a circle. Pick one player to demonstrate with you. Let the player know that you will be setting the ball to him or her. The player should then pretend to be in position to hit. Make a bad set to the player. Acknowledge that the bad set was your mistake. Ask them if they think that part of learning is making a bad play, or if making a bad play means that you are a bad player. Give them time to raise their hands. Explain to them that everyone makes mistakes, and making a bad play does not mean you are a bad player. Taking responsibility for your play is an important quality for players to learn.
27 Practice 3 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
28 PRACTICE 4 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In teams of three, a player tosses a high, settable ball to a setter, who sets to a back-row hitter, who hits the ball over the net. Rotate and repeat. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Healthy Habits Gather the players into a group. Everyone run in place for 15 seconds. Ready? Go!... Now stop! When we practice hard our bodies get warm. When we get real warm what do you think our bodies do to cool us down? Discuss. Our bodies start to sweat. Does anyone know what we do to replace the sweat? Discuss. That s right. Drinking water is the best way to replenish your body s sweat. Drinking water is a healthy habit and the more you practice the more you should drink.
29 PRACTICE 4 Coaches Cue: Hands high at your forehead! Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to overhead pass or set. 2. Practice overhead passing or setting highoutside sets. Description In teams of three, a tosser tosses a high ball for a setter to set the ball high and outside to a target player, who catches the ball and bounce passes it back to the tosser. Allow each player three to five trials, then rotate roles. Diamond-shaped hands or volleyball-shaped hands! Bend your legs! Extend arms and legs - fly like a superhero! Elbows in! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: Players will overhead pass to the target. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position and use an underhand or overhand serve. Award a bonus for high-outside set-hit combinations.
30 Practice 4 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: HONESTY Gather the players into a group near two cones 10 feet apart. What is a line violation? If they do not know what a line violation is, explain this rule to them. Should you admit it to the referee or line judge if the ball lands on the line or out of bounds? Those who think yes, stand at this cone. Those who think no, stand at this one. Wait for the children to choose. When you know the ball landed on the line or landed out of bounds, and the referee or line judge did not see it, you should be honest and tell the referee. You should never take unfair advantage of the other team. Can you think of other ways honesty is practiced on the court? Listen to responses and discuss. All of those show honesty.
31 Practice 4 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
32 PRACTICE 5 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In teams of four, a player tosses a high, settable ball to a setter, who then sets an outside set to a hitter, who spikes the ball over the net, where the fourth player retrieves the ball. Rotate and repeat. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Safety Gather the players into a group. Pretend you re a player in a bubble, walk around and work at not bumping into your teammates to make sure their bubbles don t break. Keep players in a confined area. Time them for one minute. Now we ll do the same thing while jogging. Time for 30 seconds. It s important to not run into each other. It s important to play as safely as you can. While playing think about the other players bubbles and try not to break their bubble.
33 PRACTICE 5 Coaches Cue: Hold the ball in your non-serving hand with the arm extended parallel to shoulder! Step with the foot opposite the hitting arm! Toss the ball in front of you and not too high! Hit the ball with open palm! Toes pointed forward! Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain the overhand serve. 2. Practice serving overhand. Description In partners, practice overhand serves from the end line. Players work at serving cross-court and down-the-line. Challenge players to get two serves in a row cross-court or down-the-line. Players should attempt to serve to designated areas and move forward into a playing position. Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To focus on serving overhand to targets. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position and use overhand serves. The server must call out a target prior to serving (crosscourt or down-the-line). Award a bonus point for serves that hit their target area.
34 Practice 5 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: CARING Gather the team into a group and pick three players to do a demonstration. The three players will pass the ball back and forth and then back to you. Get another group together to do the same activity. Rotate players into the two groups until they all get a turn to go. After they all have had a turn, bring all the players back in a group to discuss what was happening every time a different player joined in their passing group. Listen to their responses. Discuss all the players getting playing time. Explain to them that when we share playing time it shows that you care about your other teammates. Players that care about their team want everyone on the team to get a chance to play. That way every player can contribute to the team.
35 Practice 5 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
36 PRACTICE 6 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In teams of four, a player tosses a high, settable ball to a setter, who sets a back row player who jumps and attacks the ball hitting it over the net to the fourth player. Rotate and repeat. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Cardio-respiratory Fitness Gather the players into a circle. Remember the hill, let s start up the hill by running in place slowly, getting a little faster, faster, and now really fast now start to slow down, slower now stop. That was a short version of our practice. We run faster to help make our heart and lungs stronger; this is called cardio-respiratory fitness.
37 PRACTICE 6 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to use a free-ball alignment to defend against a free ball. 2. Practice free-ball alignment. Description Play a 4 vs 4 game. Team A s passer/tosser slaps the ball, prompting teams to be ready, and tosses a high ball to team B. Team B s setter, hitter, and passers call Free! and make appropriate off-the-ball movements. The setter opens up and calls Here! The hitter prepares to receive a set. The two passers balance the court. Team B attempts a pass-set-hit and plays the rally out. Teams alternate free-ball tosses. Coaches Cue: Call Free! Transition! Go to base position! Open up! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To play good free-ball defense. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position and initiate plays with a high underhand toss. Award a bonus point to the receiving team attacks off a free ball.
38 Practice 6 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: FAITH Have the team line up in two equal lines, with the players at the front of the line facing you. Stand about feet away from them with a volleyball. Explain to them that you are going to toss the ball into the air in between the two lines, and the first two people in line have to decide who is going to get it and pass it back to you. This will force them to take initiative and call out mine if they think they should take the pass. Repeat this drill again until everyone has had a turn. Begin a discussion about trusting your teammate if they call out mine to go ahead and take the pass, and not let it fall to the floor. Explain the importance of trusting or having faith in your teammates.
39 Practice 6 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
40 PRACTICE 7 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In partners, players start close to the net, attempting the underhand serve. When a player can successfully do this, move them gradually back to the end line. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Muscular Strength and Endurance Gather the players into a group in their own space. We re going to move in different directions in our own space. I will point to a direction and the whole group should move in that direction while still facing me. Point to all directions. When you move in different directions, you use different muscles. It s important to improve your muscular strength and endurance in your body. We can do this by moving in different directions.
41 PRACTICE 7 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to dig after balls. 2. Practice digging. Coaches Cue: Ready volleyball stance! Description In teams of four, a setter hits a standing, off-speed spike cross-court to one of three digger/hitters, one of whom digs the ball to the center of the court, where the setter sets the ball for one of the other players to attack. Another player retrieves the ball. After three or four trials, players rotate roles. Low posture! Dig to the center of the court! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To use effective digs and transition to attack. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position and begin plays with a setter on one team hitting a standing spike to one of the other team s passers. Award a bonus point for dig-set-spike combinations.
42 Practice 7 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: SPORTSMANSHIP Get the team together in a group. Ask what they think sportsmanship is and what it means to them. Explain to the team what good sportsmanship is, and tell them that a good way of showing good sportsmanship is at the end of the game, no matter what the score is, the two teams shake hands. Have the players demonstrate examples of good and poor sportsmanship.
43 Practice 7 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
44 PRACTICE 8 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In partners, players start close to the net, attempting the overhand serve. When players become successful at this move gradually start moving them back to the end line. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Training and Conditioning Gather the players into a circle. Everyone run in place for 10 seconds Now stop. Now run in place for 20 seconds Stop. Next we ll run for 30 seconds...stop. When you run you re improving your bodies physical conditioning in your heart, lungs, and muscles. Every time you play volleyball a little bit harder and longer and let your body get a little more tired, your body improves it s physical conditioning. When your body has better conditioning you can make better passes, keep up with opponents, and play longer without getting too tired.
45 PRACTICE 8 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Practice three-player serve-receives, focusing on transitioning to attack. Description A server hits an overhand serve to any of the three serve-receivers. One of the servereceivers receive the serve by forearm-passing to the setter, and then the front-row servereceivers prepare to become hitters. The setter, who has opened up and called Here! sets the ball to one of the hitters, who spikes or tips the ball over the net. Allow two trials at each receiving position, then switch roles. Coaches Cue: Medium posture! Feet to the ball! Flat platform! Belly button to the target! Call Mine! Open up! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To use a five-player serve-receive in game play and transitions to attack. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Use a three-player serve-receive. Use overhand serves. Award a bonus point for the receiving team for successful pass-set-hit combinations off the serve. Rotate players so that every player has a chance to be on the four-person team and be a part of the three-player serve-receive.
46 Practice 8 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: SAFTEY Gather the players into a circle. Choose one player to act out being hurt (sprained ankle) and have a second player get a coach to report the injury. When you get injured it will probably look like what was acted out. If it hurts, make sure you tell me or tell another teammate right away. Don t pretend it doesn t hurt. Most injuries are not bad, but sometimes they can be serious. Telling me if you re hurt helps me keep you safe during games and practices.
47 Practice 8 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
48 PRACTICE 9 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In partners, players practice setting and hitting. A hitter tosses a high settable ball to a setter, who sets a high ball for the hitter to attack. Rotate and repeat. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Muscular Endurance Gather the players into a group. Stand with your arms straight out from your sides. Give enough space so you don t bump your neighbor. Circle your arms like this. Demonstrate. Keep going until you are tired, then stop. Wait until the last player stops. Do your arms feel tired? That is called muscle fatigue. Muscles can keep moving and tightening only for so long before tiring out. The longer you can play before tiring out the more muscular endurance you have. You can improve your endurance by playing volleyball.
49 PRACTICE 9 Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to block. 2. Practice solo blocking. Description Practice solo blocks against spikes. Lower the net to increase the chances for a block. In teams of five, a tosser tosses a high ball to the setter, who sets to a hitter, who spikes. The blocker attempts to block the spike. Another player retrieves balls and feeds them to the tosser. After four trials, rotate roles. Coaches Cue: Hands high! Front the hitter! Jump on the arm swing of the hitter! Press to center court! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To use blocks in defending against spikes. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position. Play starts with a high underhand toss over the net. After a pass-setspike, the defending team attempts to block the spike. Award a bonus point for a point won off a block.
50 Practice 9 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: HEALTHY HABITS Gather the players into a group. Tell everyone to start running in place for about 15 seconds, shout STOP after about seconds. Whenever we start running during practice our bodies start to get warm, and when our bodies get too warm, what do you think your body does to cool off? Wait for their responses. Our bodies start to sweat. Sweat is water that comes out of our pores in our skin. Since our bodies sweat to cool off, we need to put something back in our bodies. Does anyone know what that is? Wait for someone to say water. We all need to drink lots of water if we are running around and playing a lot. I want to challenge everyone to drink one glass of water a day for every year of your age. How many is that? Seven or eight? I know you can do it!
51 Practice 9 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
52 PRACTICE 10 Warm-Up (10 minutes) In teams of three, a player slaps the side of the ball prompting a setter to open up and call for the ball. The tosser then tosses a high settable ball to the setter, who sets the ball high outside to a hitter, who attacks the ball. Have players attack from both left and right side of the net. Fitness Component (5 minutes) Key Idea: Training and Conditioning Split the players into two or three groups. Give each group a ball. Instruct them to make a pass to another in their group. Continue for one minute, then bring everyone together. Let s say that ended practice for the day and we are now finished for the week. What are some similar activities that you can do at home to maintain your training and conditioning? Discuss, running, jumping, serving, and other skills. It s important to stay active outside of volleyball practice. This helps you keep fit for volleyball.
53 PRACTICE 10 Coaches Cue: Skills Drills (15 minutes) 1. Introduce, demonstrate, and explain how to defend against free balls. 2. Practice defending as a team against free balls. Description Team A, with six players, tosses a free ball over the net. Team B s three players transition to free-ball defense and get ready to set up to attack. Team A s front-row players move to prepare to block the spike. Team A s back-row players spread out to prepare to dig the spike with digger 1 playing the line shot and short tips in front of him or her, digger 2 playing the end line and all deep shots, and digger 3 playing crosscourt shot and short tips to the center. Run two trials at each position and then rotate positions. All players call Free! Hitters transition off the net ready to attack! Setter opens up and calls Here! Passers adjust to serve-receive position and play the ball! Game / Play (10 minutes) Goal: To defend against free balls. Description: Play 4 vs 4. Players start in base position. Players use the serve of their choice. Call Free ball! several times during the game. When players hear you call this, the offense has to hit a free ball to the defense and then prepare to defend against the free ball.
54 Practice 10 INTRO TO VALUES (10 Minutes) TEAM CIRCLE Key Idea: TEAM WORK Gather the players between two cones about 10 feet apart. What are some different ways you can score in volleyball? Listen to their responses. Give them one choice, provide the example of several players working together to score (pass, set, hit combination.) Give them another choice, provide the example of one player working without many other teammates (hitting the ball directly across the net). Which of the two is the best example of teamwork? If you vote for the first group, stand at this cone; if you vote for the second group, stand at this one. If everyone remembers good teamwork, we can all work together to be successful, making you a better player and the team a better team.
55 Practice 10 YMCA YOUTH SPORTS PRACTICE SESSION PLANS 6-9 Year Olds Warm-up (5 minutes) Fitness component (5 Minutes) Skills Drills (15 minutes) Game / Play (15 minutes) Team Circle (10 minutes)
56 FAMILY HUDDLES / VALUES
57 Introduction to Family Huddles The Family Huddles have three goals. 1) To encourage practicing sports skills at home. 2) To encourage practicing values at home. 3) To strengthen the family through more communication and involvement. After each practice the coach will distribute the Family Huddles. Each week has assignments that relate to the weekly practice plan. The Family Huddles will have drills that can be used at home. Each week the skill used in those drills will be the same skill covered at the weekly team practice. Likewise, the Family Huddles have activities and assignments centered on the value that was discussed during the Team Circle at the weekly practice. Hopefully, players will complete the assignments and turn them in at the next practice. If they do, the coach will reward them with the Values Incentives. Each age group and sport has a different incentive. The YMCAs encourage the coaches to make this a fun and exciting process for the youth. This is an important component to the YMCA Youth Sports programs.
58 Family Huddle #1 Introduction to YMCA Values Take Home Drills: Using a family member and a volleyball, have someone in your family stand about 8-10 feet away from you. Have them toss the ball to you, and practice passing the ball back to them. Make sure your feet are properly spaced apart as your coach taught you. See how many times you can pass the ball directly back to your family member without making them move to get the ball. Family Fun: Respect, Responsibility, Honesty, Caring and Faith are the five values that all YMCA Programs founded on. As a family take turns telling one another what it means to exemplify each of these values on a daily basis. Activity: On a piece of paper, have your child write down the 5 YMCA values: Respect, Responsibility, Honesty, Caring, and Faith. Under each value write down the ways in which he/she can or does exemplify those during a basketball game. Value #1 Value #2 Value #3 Value #4 Value #5
59 Family Huddle #2 Respect Take Home Drills: Have a family member of friend toss the ball to you while you get in proper position to pass the ball. With you arms out, making a flat surface like your coach has taught you. Instead of making contact with the ball, when the ball comes to you, let the ball land and rest on your arms. This will teach you to make proper contact with the ball, and will allow you to see if you are using the proper technique. Family Fun: Respect can mean showing concern for others. To show respect for the other members in your family, take time this week to pick something up for one of your family members. Make sure to put it back where it belongs. Have a competition to see who picks up the most stuff for someone else and have a reward for the person who wins. Activity: You can show respect in many different ways. Make a chart on a piece of paper labeled RESPECT. Every time you do something in your house, at school, or at practice that shows respect for someone else go home and mark it down on the chart.
60 Family Huddle #3 Responsibility Take Home Drills: With a family member or by yourself, practice serving the volleyball. You can tape off a line or just stand behind something that is already marked off. Practice positioning your feet, and using the correct serving form your coach has taught you. You can serve into the air, or against a wall. See how many serves you can do, making sure to not step over the line, and still making proper contact with the ball. Family Fun: Responsibility is one of the YMCA values. This week show responsibility by making a list of chores that you can do to help out your family. For example, you can help with laundry, taking out the trash, or help pick up the house. Do these chores without being told to do them. Activity: Look at the volleyball court diagram below. Write the names of each position next to each X. Then write down the responsibilities of each position. X X X X X X NET NET
61 Family Huddle #4 Honesty Take Home Drills: Using a mirror, practice your passing technique. Make sure your weight is on the front of your feet, knees bent with medium posture, keep flat platform, and call mine. After you have practiced making sure you positioning is correct, practice with parent or friend. Family Fun: Honesty is another one of the five values of the YMCA. Think of a fairy-tale that involved a character not being honest, for example Pinocchio or the Little Boy that cried Wolf. Read these fairy tales out loud, and then discuss what happened when the characters were not honest. What happens? Name some ways you can be honest. Activity: You and your child go through the list of rules below. Circle what is a volleyball rule and cross out what is not a volleyball rule. 1. Calling Serve! before serving. 2. Net rules raise your hand if you touch the net. 3. Heckling the opposing team. 4. Shake-hand line at the end of a contest. 5. Arguing with officials. 6. High-five ritual celebrate success, dismiss errors.
62 Family Huddle #5 Caring Take Home Drills: This week work on running and jumping. Start running, then come to a jump stop, jump up in the air and raise your hands as high as you can. Family Fun: Caring is one of the 5 Core Values of the YMCA. As a family, volunteer your time to a charitable organization. You can volunteer just one time, or as often as you would like. You can also volunteer to your time to one another. Go around as a family and make a list of things that each family member would like help in doing. Then divide up the list among the family. Activity: This week, try to at least one caring act per day. For example, you can take out the trash, help clean the house, or go visit a friend. See how many acts you can perform in one week, write them down in the spaces below. SUNDAY MONDAY TUESDAY WEDNESDAY THURSDAY FRIDAY SATURDAY
63 Family Huddle #6 Faith Take Home Drills: Using a friend or family member, toss the ball up into the air. Practice calling out mine if you are going to take the ball. Make sure that whoever is going to pass the ball, they call out mine. See how many you can get in a row without the ball falling to the ground. Family Fun: Faith is one of the values of the YMCA. Having faith in yourself and in others is important. Sit down with your parents and talk about what it means to have faith. Discuss how you have faith in your teammates when you are playing a game, and how you have faith in your family when you are at home. Activity: Below, fill in the blank with something you think fits the sentence. Fill in the blank below. I have faith in my teammate when. My mom and dad have faith in me when they. I show faith in myself by. My parents show that they believe in me when. Having faith in someone means.
64 Family Huddle #7 Sportsmanship Take Home Drills: Using a friend or family member, have someone toss you the ball, making sure the toss is thrown above your head. Practice setting the ball back to your friend or family member. Make sure to use the proper setting form that your coach showed you, using the pads of your fingers, volleyball-shaped hands, and hands above the forehead. Activity: Below, circle the faces with expressions that show they are showing good sportsmanship. For example, would you be yelling if you were being a good sport?
65 Family Huddle #8 Safety Take Home Drills: Using two friends or family members, have one player toss the ball to the passer, who forearm-passes to a target player, who catches the ball overhead and bounce-passes it back to the tosser. Family Fun: As a family, discuss how you would respond if there was an emergency. Discuss how you would react to things such as fires and where the safest exit would be in the house. Who would you call in case of an emergency and what would you say? Remember to get the advice of your parents when coming up with solutions. Activity: On this of paper, write down the different telephone numbers that you would call in case of different kinds of emergencies. For example, if someone accidentally drank something that was bad for them what telephone number would you call? Poison Control Fire Police Emergency Neighbor
66 Family Huddle #9 Healthy Habits Take Home Drills: Using a wall, practice working on your spiking. Toss the ball up into the air, and practice with your feet facing the ball, face the net (wall), jump and throw hands high, and swing fast! See how many times you can make contact with the ball. Family Fun: Healthy habits are a good habit to get into. As a family, sit down and make up a menu for the week that incorporates healthy food. Try to stick with the menu for the week. After the week is over, reflect on how you felt as a whole after eating healthy for one week. Activity: Below, circle the activities that are good for healthy spirit, mind and body. For example, is eating lots of candy good for your body? Cross out those pictures that would not be good for you.
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