Thermal Energy. Chapter Resources. Includes: Glencoe Science. Reproducible Student Pages. Teacher Support and Planning TRANSPARENCY ACTIVITIES

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Thermal Energy. Chapter Resources. Includes: Glencoe Science. Reproducible Student Pages. Teacher Support and Planning TRANSPARENCY ACTIVITIES"

Transcription

1 Glencoe Science Chapter Resources Thermal Energy Includes: Reproducible Student Pages ASSESSMENT Chapter Tests Chapter Review HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Lab Worksheets for each Student Edition Activity Laboratory Activities Foldables Reading and Study Skills activity sheet MEETING INDIVIDUAL NEEDS Directed Reading for Content Mastery Directed Reading for Content Mastery in Spanish Reinforcement Enrichment Note-taking Worksheets TRANSPARENCY ACTIVITIES Section Focus Transparency Activities Teaching Transparency Activity Assessment Transparency Activity Teacher Support and Planning Content Outline for Teaching Spanish Resources Teacher Guide and Answers

2 Directed Reading for Content Mastery Overview Thermal Energy Directions: Complete the concept map using the terms listed below. insulators forced-air radiation electrical conductors convection Thermal energy conduction whose transfer is helped by is transferred by which is used in all the conventional heating systems in the form of 3. radiation electromagnetic waves and hindered by 4. and 5. and 6. Thermal Energy 19

3 Name Date Class Section 1 Temperature and Heat Section 2 Transferring Thermal Energy Directions: In each of the following statements, a term has been scrambled. Unscramble the term and write it on the line provided. 1. If particles move more llsowy the object s temperature falls. 2. Conduction can take place in solids, liquids, and sages. 3. Thermal energy includes both kinetic and ttnepoail energy. 4. Any material that can flow is lufdi. 5. Any material that allows heat to pass through it easily is a roconcutd. 6. Materials with a high specific heat can absorb heat without a large hngcae in temperature. 7. Radiation is the transfer of energy in the form of vaews. 8. When an object increases in temperature it naigs thermal energy. 9. Many conductors,such as silver and copper, are lemtas. 10. Energy that travels by radiation is often called darinta greeny. 11. Insulators, such as wood and air, are poor conductors of thea. 12. The transfer of thermal energy by convection and conduction both require atterm. Directions: On the lines provided, explain the differences between conduction, convection, and radiation. Use the information in the exercise above to help you. Write your answers in complete sentences. 13. Directed Reading for Content Mastery 20 Thermal Energy

4 Directed Reading for Content Mastery Section 3 Using Heat Directions: Fill in the blanks using the correct terms from the list below. active combustion heating systems heat pump stroke conduction free passive thermal energy 1. Using solar energy is especially appealing because it is. 2. Most use fuel or electricity as a source of energy. 3. A house with large windows on its south side and few windows on its other sides probably uses a(n) solar heating system. 4. Solar collectors are used in buildings that have solar heating systems. 5. Fuel burned in a stove or fireplace transfers thermal energy to the surrounding air by, convection, and radiation. 6. Before solar energy can be used as a source of heat, it must be changed to. 7. means rapid burning. 8. A two-way heat mover is a. 9. A is the movement of a piston up or down. Directions: The terms in each group below are related. Write a sentence that uses all of the terms in each group in a way that shows how they are related. Underline each word of the group in your sentences. 10. radiant energy, solar collector, active solar heating system 11. heating system, radiator, conduction Thermal Energy 21

5 Directed Reading for Content Mastery Key Terms Thermal Energy Directions: In each of the following statements, a term has been scrambled. Unscramble the term and write it on the line provided. 1. The transfer of energy through matter by direct contact of particles is called docniotucn. 2. The transfer of energy by the movement of matter is called vecconniot. 3. The type of heat transfer that does not require matter is iadraniot. 4. Any material that does not allow heat to pass through it easily is an roinsulta. 5. An ntieanrl busmcotoin engine burns fuels inside chambers called cylinders. 6. Energy from the sun is lraos neeygr. 7. A device on a building that absorbs radiant energy from the sun is lraos lleocctro. 8. The thermal energy that flows from something with a higher temperature to something with a lower temperature is called eath. 9. Thermal energy is converted into mechanical energy by a thea gennie. 10. A thea revmo moves thermal energy from one location and transfers it to another location at a different temperature. 11. The pertreuamet measures the average kinetic energy of all the particles in an object. 12. The total energy of the particles in a material is ethrlam gyeren. 13. The pcciifes thea of a material is the amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of 1 kg of the material 1 kelvin. 22 Thermal Energy

6 1 Reinforcement Temperature and Heat Directions: Determine whether the italicized term makes each statement true or false. If the statement is true, write true in the blank. If the statement is false, write in the blank the term that makes the statement true. 1. Particles that make up matter are in constant motion. 2. The faster particles move the less kinetic energy they have. 3. Temperature is the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in an object. 4. When temperature increases,the kinetic energy of the particles decreases. 5. The thermal energy of an object is the total energy of the particles in a material. 6. A 5-kg chunk of aluminum and a 5-kg block of silver that are at the same temperature have the same thermal energy. 7. Heat flows from a higher temperature to a lower temperature. 8. Heat is measured in newtons. 9. Different materials need the same amounts of heat to have similar changes in temperatures. 10. The amount of energy it takes to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a material 1 kelvin is the specific heat of the material. 11. Water has a relatively low specific heat. 12. Materials with a high specific heat can absorb a lot of energy and show little change in temperature. Directions: Answer the following questions about specific and thermal energy. 13. Change in thermal energy can be calculated using the equation Q = m T C. a. In this equation, what does Q represent? b. What does m represent? c. What does T represent? d. What does C represent? e. What does the symbol mean? f. Why is the symbol used with T but not Q? 14. What formula is used to calculate T? Thermal Energy 27

7 2 Reinforcement Transferring Thermal Energy Directions: Determine whether the italicized term makes each statement true or false. If the statement is true, write true in the blank. If the statement is false, write in the blank the term that makes the statement true. 1. Materials that are poor conductors are poor insulators. 2. The transfer of energy through matter by direct contact of its particles is convection. 3. The transfer of energy in the form of invisible waves is conduction. 4. Solids usually conduct heat better than liquids and gases. 5. The R-value of insulation indicates its resistance to heat flow. 6. Air is a poor heat conductor. 7. Wind and ocean currents are examples of conduction currents. 8. Energy is usually transferred in fluids by radiation. 9. As water is heated, it expands, becomes less dense, and rises. 10. Dark-colored materials absorb less radiant energy than light-colored materials. 11. Only radiant energy that is reflected is changed to thermal energy. 12. The higher the R-value of insulation the less resistant it is to heat flow. Directions: Circle the object in each pair that will take in more heat. In the blank, explain why that object will take in more heat. 13. a silver spoon a wooden log 14. a white shirt a red shirt 15. foil in the sunlight a sidewalk in the sunlight 16. single-pane window double-pane window 17. R-5 insulation R-35 insulation 28 Thermal Energy

8 3 Reinforcement Using Heat Directions: Answer the following questions about the heating system represented in the flowchart. A. Furnace heats water to a boil. B. Steam provided by boiling water travels through pipes to a radiator. C. Steam cools inside radiator and condenses to water. D. Thermal energy of heated radiator heats air in room. 1. Is the system in the flowchart a hot-water system or a steam-heating system? 2. How does the furnace get the energy needed to heat the water? 3. Is the furnace an internal or external combustion engine? 4. How is the thermal energy produced by the furnace transferred to the water? 5. Why do the pipes carrying the steam to the radiator need to be insulated? 6. How is the thermal energy from the steam transferred to the radiator? 7. How is the thermal energy of the radiator transferred to the surrounding air? 8. What happens to the steam as it gives up thermal energy inside the radiator? 9. How is heat from the air surrounding the radiator transferred to the air in the rest of the room? Thermal Energy 29

9 1 Enrichment Hot and Cold Directions: Answer the following questions on the lines provided. 1. If you put a heated rock in a bucket of water, the temperature of the water will increase and the temperature of the rock will decrease until the temperature is equal for both substances. If you drop a heated rock in the ocean, will the same thing happen? Explain. 2. Before the days of central heating, it was common to take a hot item to bed with you to keep you warm. Would you rather have a 10 kg heated brick or a 10 kg jug of hot water that are at the same temperature? Explain. 3. Glass bottles have more mass than aluminum cans. When beverages in glass bottles are cooled, ten times as much heat must be removed as when the same beverages in aluminum cans are cooled. If you were a shop owner and had to pay the electric bills, would you rather sell beverages in glass containers or aluminum? 4. During the winter, after a hot bath, is it more efficient to drain the tub immediately or let it sit? Why? 30 Thermal Energy

10 2 Enrichment Materials large (tall) cardboard box 100-watt bulb in a ceramic socket thermometer scissors clock Constructing the Apparatus Follow the drawing as you proceed. Cut two flaps on one side of the box, one near the top and one below the first one but near the bottom. Make a hole in the top of the box away from the side with the flaps. This hole should be just big enough to hold the thermometer. Use tape to secure the thermometer if the hole is too big. Set the bulb inside the box but be sure it is not under the thermometer. CAUTION: Be sure the bulb is not touching the sides or any part of the box. Run the wire from the bulb out through a hole in the bottom of the box. Close the box. Record the temperature before plugging in the cord. Conclude 1. How close were your predictions to the actual values? 2. By what method(s) is air inside the box heated? Thermal Energy and the Need for Ventilation Procedure Trial A: Predict what you think the temperature inside the box will be after the light is on for 5 minutes. Be sure both flaps are closed. Plug in the cord. Wait 5 minutes. Unplug the cord. Record the temperature. Open the box and allow the temperature to return to what it was before you plugged in the bulb. Trial B: When the temperature has returned to the starting temperature, close the box except for the top flap. Repeat the procedure in Trial A. Trial C: When the temperature has returned to the starting temperature, close the box except for the bottom flap. Repeat procedures in Trial A. Trial D: When the temperature has returned to the starting temperature, open both flaps. Repeat the procedure described in Trial A. Data Starting Temperature Conditions Both flaps closed Top flap open, bottom closed Top flap closed, bottom open Both flaps open Predicted temperature Actual temperature Thermal Energy 31

11 3 Enrichment Home Heating Analyze the heating system in your home. Find someone who knows the heating system well. Maybe a parent or a brother or sister could help you. Other sources of help are a heating and cooling service person, representative of a utility company, and literature on energy conservation measures. Once you have found someone, have him/her help you answer the following questions. 1. What type of heating system does your home have? 2. What type of fuel is used to heat your home? 3. How much does it cost to heat your home per year? 4. What kind of low-cost actions could you take to help conserve heat in your home? 5. Suppose you had to replace your old heating system. What options are available to you? 6. Suppose you already had a highly efficient heating system. What kind of major improvements could you do to make your home even more heating efficient? 7. Your heating system should have maintenance done on an annual basis. Why is this important? 32 Thermal Energy

12 Note-taking Worksheet Thermal Energy Section 1 Temperature and Heat A. related to the average kinetic energy of an object s atoms or molecules B. the sum of the kinetic and potential energy of all the atoms in an object 1. Thermal energy as temperature increases. 2. At constant temperature, thermal energy increases if increases. C. Thermal energy that flows from something at a higher temperature to something at a lower temperature is called. D. amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of a material by 1 degree C or K E. Changes in thermal energy can be calculated as change in thermal energy equals times change in temperature times specific heat. 1. When heat flows into an object and its temperature rises, the change in temperature is. 2. When heat flows out of an object and its temperature decreases, the change in temperature is. 3. A is used to measure specific heat. Section 2 Transferring Thermal Energy A. transfer of thermal energy through matter by direct contact of particles 1. Kinetic energy is transferred as particles. 2., particularly metals, are good heat conductors. B. The transfer of energy by the motion of heated particles in a fluid is called. 1. Convection transfer heat from warmer to cooler parts of a fluid. 2. Convection currents create and over different regions of Earth. Thermal Energy 33

13 Note-taking Worksheet (continued) C. energy transfer by electromagnetic waves 1. Some radiation is and some is when it strikes a material. 2. Heat transfer by radiation is in a gas than in a liquid or solid. D. Most living things control the flow of heat by using special features such as fur,,or scales. E. material that does not let heat flow through it easily 1. Gases such as usually make better insulators than liquids or solids. 2. A layer in a thermos is a good insulator because it contains almost no matter to allow conduction or convection to occur. Section 3 Using Heat A. systems warm homes and buildings 1. system fuel heats air, which is blown through ducts and vents; cool air is returned to the furnace to be reheated 2. system hot water or steam in a radiator transfers thermal energy to the air 3. heating system electrically heated coils in ceilings or floors heat air by conduction B. energy from the Sun 1. solar heating does not use mechanical devices to move heat. 2. Active solar heating systems use to absorb radiant energy, which is circulated through the building. C. an engine that converts thermal energy into mechanical energy 1. An engine burns fuel inside the engine in chambers or cylinders. 2. Internal combustion engines convert only about % of the fuel s chemical energy to mechanical energy. 34 Thermal Energy

14 Note-taking Worksheet (continued) D. device that removes thermal energy from one location and transfers it to another location at a different temperature 1. A contains a coolant that absorbs heat from the inside of the refrigerator and releases it on the outside as heat. 2. cool warm air. 3. can both cool and warm air. 4. The human body stays cool by of sweat. Thermal Energy 35

15 Chapter Review Thermal Energy Part A. Vocabulary Review Directions: In the space at the left, write the term from the word list that best completes each statement. Use each term once. combustion radiator solar collector conduction insulators radiation solar energy fluid heat engine kinetic energy convection 1. Thermal transfer by convection takes place in materials that are. 2. A type of heat transfer that does not require matter is. 3. Energy from the Sun is. 4. Energy is transferred through matter by direct contact of particles by. 5. The rapid burning of fuels that takes place in engines is called. 6. A device with a large surface area designed to heat the air near it by conduction is a(n). 7. Materials such as air, wood, and rubber that do not allow heat to pass through them easily are called. 8. The transfer of heat energy by movement of matter is called. 9. A device that absorbs radiant energy from the Sun is a(n). 10. A device that changes thermal energy into mechanical energy is called a(n). 11. The particles of an object with a high temperature have a high. Directions: Explain the difference between the terms in each pair. Write your answers on the lines provided. 12. heat mover, heat pump Assessment Thermal Energy 37

16 Chapter Review (continued) 13. internal combustion engine, external combustion engine Part B. Concept Review Directions: Determine whether the italicized term makes each statement true or false. If the statement is true, write true in the blank. If the statement is false, write in the blank the term that makes the statement true. 1. The transfer of thermal energy by conduction and convection does not require matter. 2. The transfer of thermal energy by radiation does not require matter. 3. A material that allows heat to pass through it easily is an insulator. 4. Insulation rated R-35 allows more heat to pass through it than insulation rated R Solar collectors are used in passive solar heating systems. Assessment 6. A solar heating system that does not use fans or electrical devices is an active solar heating system. 7. A steam engine is an example of an internal combustion engine. 8. The fuel of an external combustion engine is burned outside the engine. 9. A steam-heating system uses radiators to transfer thermal energy. 10. Refrigerators and air conditioners are heat pumps. 11. Steam-heating systems require more water than hot-water systems. 12. Because dark colors reflect more radiant energy than light colors, solar collectors are usually painted black. 13. Many external combustion engines use turbines to produce mechanical energy. 14. Temperature is a measure of the kinetic energy of an object. 38 Thermal Energy

17 1 Section Focus Transparency Activity Crumbling Bloom Flowers are soft and flexible they don t crumble, right? But this flower did crumble. That s because it was dipped in liquid nitrogen, which exists at temperatures of C and colder. Dipping the soft flower in a liquid that cold had a shattering effect on the flower. Transparency Activities 1. What s happening to the nitrogen in the open container of liquid nitrogen? 2. Which feels hotter after a day in the Sun an asphalt parking lot or a strip of grass? 3. Why does your hand become cold when you hold a glass of ice water? 44 Thermal Energy

18 2 Section Focus Transparency Activity A Spectacular Reentry In 1968, Apollo 8 became the first piloted vehicle to orbit the Moon. Below you see Apollo 8 as it reenters Earth s atmosphere. Friction between the atmosphere and the hurdling spacecraft created temperatures of up to 3,000 C! The craft and the astronauts inside needed special protection in order to survive these inferno-like temperatures. 1. Why is it a concern that the exterior of a spacecraft experiences very high temperatures upon reentry? 2. If a metal pan with a metal handle sits on a lit burner for a long time, what happens to the handle? 3. When it s cold out, why does a jacket help you stay nice and warm? Transparency Activities Thermal Energy 45

19 3 Section Focus Transparency Activity Steam Power Steam engines convert heat energy into mechanical energy. The engines use heat energy to produce steam that powers the locomotive. During the 1800s, steam engines were used in factories and mills and to propel boats and trains. Transparency Activities 1. What are some fuels that the engines might burn to create steam? 2. Describe how liquid water is different from steam (gaseous water). 3. What changes steam energy to mechanical energy in the locomotive? 46 Thermal Energy

20 3 Teaching Transparency Forced Air System Activity Filter Warm air Fan Smoke outlet Vent Duct NEED B&W! Cooled air Transparency Activities Thermal Energy 47

21 Teaching Transparency Activity (continued) 1. Describe the flow of thermal energy through the forced air heating system that is shown on the transparency. 2. What do all heating systems require? 3. How does heat transfer by conduction differ from heat transfer by convection? Transparency Activities 4. What is the most common type of heating system in use today? 5. How does your body rid itself of excess heat? 48 Thermal Energy

22 Brass Name Date Class Assessment Transparency Activity Thermal Energy Directions: Carefully review the diagram and answer the following questions. Aluminum Nickel Iron Wax Copper 1. Which hypothesis is probably being tested by this experiment? A Different metals conduct heat at different rates. B Brass conducts heat better than any other metal. C Metals are good insulators. D Different kinds of wax melt at different rates. 2. According to the diagram, which metal conducts heat BEST? F Aluminum G Nickel H Iron J Copper 3. Most metals will have all of the following properties EXCEPT. A shiny luster B good conductor of heat C solid at room temperature D good insulators Transparency Activities Thermal Energy 49

Chapter 4: Transfer of Thermal Energy

Chapter 4: Transfer of Thermal Energy Chapter 4: Transfer of Thermal Energy Goals of Period 4 Section 4.1: To define temperature and thermal energy Section 4.2: To discuss three methods of thermal energy transfer. Section 4.3: To describe

More information

Name: Class: Date: 10. Some substances, when exposed to visible light, absorb more energy as heat than other substances absorb.

Name: Class: Date: 10. Some substances, when exposed to visible light, absorb more energy as heat than other substances absorb. Name: Class: Date: ID: A PS Chapter 13 Review Modified True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. If false, change the identified word or phrase to make the statement true. 1. In all cooling

More information

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY

TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY TEACHER BACKGROUND INFORMATION THERMAL ENERGY In general, when an object performs work on another object, it does not transfer all of its energy to that object. Some of the energy is lost as heat due to

More information

ES 106 Laboratory # 2 HEAT AND TEMPERATURE

ES 106 Laboratory # 2 HEAT AND TEMPERATURE ES 106 Laboratory # 2 HEAT AND TEMPERATURE Introduction Heat transfer is the movement of heat energy from one place to another. Heat energy can be transferred by three different mechanisms: convection,

More information

What Is Heat? What Is Heat?

What Is Heat? What Is Heat? What Is Heat? Paul shivered inside the wood cabin. It was cold outside, and inside the cabin it wasn t much warmer. Paul could hear the rain beating down on the roof. Every few minutes there would be a

More information

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review

Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Energy and Energy Transformations Test Review Completion: 1. Mass 13. Kinetic 2. Four 14. thermal 3. Kinetic 15. Thermal energy (heat) 4. Electromagnetic/Radiant 16. Thermal energy (heat) 5. Thermal 17.

More information

Heat Energy FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.7. Public School System Teaching Standards Covered

Heat Energy FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.7. Public School System Teaching Standards Covered FORMS OF ENERGY LESSON PLAN 2.7 Heat Energy This lesson is designed for 3rd 5th grade students in a variety of school settings (public, private, STEM schools, and home schools) in the seven states served

More information

Chapter 18 Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics. Problems: 8, 11, 13, 17, 21, 27, 29, 37, 39, 41, 47, 51, 57

Chapter 18 Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics. Problems: 8, 11, 13, 17, 21, 27, 29, 37, 39, 41, 47, 51, 57 Chapter 18 Temperature, Heat, and the First Law of Thermodynamics Problems: 8, 11, 13, 17, 21, 27, 29, 37, 39, 41, 47, 51, 57 Thermodynamics study and application of thermal energy temperature quantity

More information

Topic Page Contents Page

Topic Page Contents Page Heat energy (11-16) Contents Topic Page Contents Page Heat energy and temperature 3 Latent heat energy 15 Interesting temperatures 4 Conduction of heat energy 16 A cooling curve 5 Convection 17 Expansion

More information

Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation

Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation Heat Transfer: Conduction, Convection, and Radiation Introduction We have learned that heat is the energy that makes molecules move. Molecules with more heat energy move faster, and molecules with less

More information

Exam on Heat and Energy

Exam on Heat and Energy Exam on Heat and Energy True/False Indicate whether the statement is true or false. 1. Energy is the ability to cause change. 2. Energy is measured in joules. 3. When you ride a playground swing, your

More information

Energy Transfer in a Flash-Light. (Teacher Copy)

Energy Transfer in a Flash-Light. (Teacher Copy) Energy Transfer in a Flash-Light (Teacher Copy) Florida Sunshine State Standards Benchmark: SC.B. 1.3.1 AA The student identifies forms of energy and explains that they can be measured and compared. (Also

More information

OBJECTIVES THE STUDENTS WILL: Participate in cooperative problem solving in a group setting.

OBJECTIVES THE STUDENTS WILL: Participate in cooperative problem solving in a group setting. ICE CAPADES THE POWER OF INSULATION GRADE LEVEL: Upper Elementary/Middle School (High School with extensions) SUBJECT AREA: Sciences, Mathematics DURATION: Preparation time 30 minutes Activity time: One

More information

Convection, Conduction & Radiation

Convection, Conduction & Radiation Convection, Conduction & Radiation There are three basic ways in which heat is transferred: convection, conduction and radiation. In gases and liquids, heat is usually transferred by convection, in which

More information

What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work?

What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work? What is Energy? What is the relationship between energy and work? Compare kinetic and potential energy What are the different types of energy? What is energy? Energy is the ability to do work. Great, but

More information

(Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION

(Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION Convection (Walter Glogowski, Chaz Shapiro & Reid Sherman) INTRODUCTION You know from common experience that when there's a difference in temperature between two places close to each other, the temperatures

More information

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K

1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 1. At which temperature would a source radiate the least amount of electromagnetic energy? 1) 273 K 3) 32 K 2) 212 K 4) 5 K 2. How does the amount of heat energy reflected by a smooth, dark-colored concrete

More information

Potential and Kinetic Energy

Potential and Kinetic Energy Potential and Kinetic Energy What is Energy? The ability to cause change Energy notes entry # 4 11/5 Potential Energy Kinetic Energy Definitions Dependent on Examples Forms of Potential Energy Definition

More information

Energy Test Study Guide

Energy Test Study Guide Name: Energy Test Study Guide (Test Dates: A Day May 5 th B Day May 6 th ) USE YOUR INTERACTIVE NOTEBOOK TO STUDY CLASSROOM ASSIGNMENTS, LABS, FORMATIVE ASSESSMENTS, AND HOMEWORK. ENERGY AND THE TWO MAIN

More information

SAM Teachers Guide Heat and Temperature

SAM Teachers Guide Heat and Temperature SAM Teachers Guide Heat and Temperature Overview Students learn that temperature measures average kinetic energy, and heat is the transfer of energy from hot systems to cold systems. They consider what

More information

Chillin Out: Designing an Insulator

Chillin Out: Designing an Insulator SHPE Jr. Chapter May 2015 STEM Activity Instructor Resource Chillin Out: Designing an Insulator Students learn about the three ways heat can be transferred from one object to another. They also learn what

More information

Solids, Liquids, and Gases

Solids, Liquids, and Gases Glencoe Science Chapter Resources Solids, Liquids, and Gases Includes: Reproducible Student Pages ASSESSMENT Chapter Tests Chapter Review HANDS-ON ACTIVITIES Lab Worksheets for each Student Edition Activity

More information

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation

Partnerships Implementing Engineering Education Worcester Polytechnic Institute Worcester Public Schools Supported by: National Science Foundation Temperature: 6.D.3 Temperature and Heat Transfer Grade Level 6 Sessions Seasonality Instructional Mode(s) Team Size WPS Benchmarks MA Frameworks Key Words 1 Approximately 1.5 hours (10 minutes for cleanup)

More information

Forms of Energy. Freshman Seminar

Forms of Energy. Freshman Seminar Forms of Energy Freshman Seminar Energy Energy The ability & capacity to do work Energy can take many different forms Energy can be quantified Law of Conservation of energy In any change from one form

More information

Practice Test. 4) The planet Earth loses heat mainly by A) conduction. B) convection. C) radiation. D) all of these Answer: C

Practice Test. 4) The planet Earth loses heat mainly by A) conduction. B) convection. C) radiation. D) all of these Answer: C Practice Test 1) Increase the pressure in a container of oxygen gas while keeping the temperature constant and you increase the A) molecular speed. B) molecular kinetic energy. C) Choice A and choice B

More information

Solar Heating and You

Solar Heating and You Solar Heating and You DOE/CH10093-272 FS 118 August 1994 The sun gives us energy in two forms: light and heat. For many years, people have been using the sun s energy to make their homes brighter and warmer.

More information

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. Sample Mid-Term 3 MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) If you double the frequency of a vibrating object, its period A) is quartered.

More information

Chapter 10: Temperature and Heat

Chapter 10: Temperature and Heat Chapter 10: Temperature and Heat 1. The temperature of a substance is A. proportional to the average kinetic energy of the molecules in a substance. B. equal to the kinetic energy of the fastest moving

More information

Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report. Joshua Gutwill. October 1999

Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report. Joshua Gutwill. October 1999 Heat and Temperature: Front End Evaluation Report Joshua Gutwill October 1999 Keywords: 1 Heat and Temperature Front End Evaluation Report October 28, 1999 Goal:

More information

Energy Transformations

Energy Transformations Energy Transformations Concept Sheet Energy Transformations PS.6: The student will investigate and understand states and forms of energy and how energy is transferred and transformed. 1. Energy is the

More information

Module 2.2. Heat transfer mechanisms

Module 2.2. Heat transfer mechanisms Module 2.2 Heat transfer mechanisms Learning Outcomes On successful completion of this module learners will be able to - Describe the 1 st and 2 nd laws of thermodynamics. - Describe heat transfer mechanisms.

More information

Chapter 10 Temperature and Heat

Chapter 10 Temperature and Heat Chapter 10 Temperature and Heat What are temperature and heat? Are they the same? What causes heat? What Is Temperature? How do we measure temperature? What are we actually measuring? Temperature and Its

More information

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred.

AZ State Standards. Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. Forms of Energy AZ State Standards Concept 3: Conservation of Energy and Increase in Disorder Understand ways that energy is conserved, stored, and transferred. PO 1. Describe the following ways in which

More information

Introduction to Chapter 27

Introduction to Chapter 27 9 Heating and Cooling Introduction to Chapter 27 What process does a hot cup of coffee undergo as it cools? How does your bedroom become warm during the winter? How does the cooling system of a car work?

More information

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 3 Energy and Its Effects The flow of energy drives processes of change in all biological, chemical, physical, and geological

More information

Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions

Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions Name: Teacher: Pd. Date: Science Tutorial TEK 6.9C: Energy Forms & Conversions TEK 6.9C: Demonstrate energy transformations such as energy in a flashlight battery changes from chemical energy to electrical

More information

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below.

UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW. 1. A weather instrument is shown below. UNIT 6a TEST REVIEW 1. A weather instrument is shown below. Which weather variable is measured by this instrument? 1) wind speed 3) cloud cover 2) precipitation 4) air pressure 2. Which weather station

More information

Green Heating. Pupil Research Brief. Teachers Notes. Syllabus Coverage Subject Knowledge and Understanding. Route through the Brief UPIL ESEARCHER

Green Heating. Pupil Research Brief. Teachers Notes. Syllabus Coverage Subject Knowledge and Understanding. Route through the Brief UPIL ESEARCHER R P UPIL ESEARCHER Green Heating I NITIATIVE Pupil Research Brief Teachers Notes Syllabus Coverage Subject Knowledge and Understanding all types of electromagnetic radiation form a continuous spectrum

More information

CPI Links Content Guide & Five Items Resource

CPI Links Content Guide & Five Items Resource CPI Links Content Guide & Five Items Resource Introduction The following information should be used as a companion to the CPI Links. It provides clarifications concerning the content and skills contained

More information

Energy - Heat, Light, and Sound

Energy - Heat, Light, and Sound Science Benchmark: 06:06 Heat, light, and sound are all forms of energy. Heat can be transferred by radiation, conduction and convection. Visible light can be produced, reflected, refracted, and separated

More information

UNIT 1 GCSE PHYSICS 1.1.1 Infrared Radiation 2011 FXA

UNIT 1 GCSE PHYSICS 1.1.1 Infrared Radiation 2011 FXA 1 All objects emit and absorb thermal radiation. The hotter an object is the infrared radiation it radiates in a given time. It is continually being transferred to and from all objects. The hotter the

More information

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion

1. The Kinetic Theory of Matter states that all matter is composed of atoms and molecules that are in a constant state of constant random motion Physical Science Period: Name: ANSWER KEY Date: Practice Test for Unit 3: Ch. 3, and some of 15 and 16: Kinetic Theory of Matter, States of matter, and and thermodynamics, and gas laws. 1. The Kinetic

More information

Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse?

Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse? Can Gases Act Like a Greenhouse? Activity 1 Following a discussion that enables student to express what they already know about the greenhouse effect, students conduct a controlled experiment to confirm

More information

FOR KIDS INSIDE. HOW solar power. panels! AND MORE!

FOR KIDS INSIDE. HOW solar power. panels! AND MORE! solar POWER E D U C A T I O N A L I N F O R M A T I O N FOR KIDS INSIDE HOW solar power WORKS ALL ABOUT solar panels! YOUR QUESTIONS ANSWERED games, ACTIVITIES AND MORE! harnessing the energy solar energy

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3: To define the efficiency

More information

How does solar air conditioning work?

How does solar air conditioning work? How does solar air conditioning work? In a conventional air conditioning system; The working fluid arrives at the compressor as a cool, low-pressure gas. The compressor is powered by electricity to squeeze

More information

Forms of Energy Explain

Forms of Energy Explain Forms of Energy Explain DIRECTIONS 1. For the Explain portion of the section, work through each slide 2. For each form there are three slides: 1. Introduce the form of energy 2. Give examples of the form

More information

Transferring Solar Energy

Transferring Solar Energy activity 14 Transferring Solar Energy BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 2 Activity 14 SC.B.1.2.2 The student recognizes various forms of energy (e.g., heat, light, and electricity).

More information

Physics PH1FP. (Jun15PH1FP01) General Certificate of Secondary Education Foundation Tier June 2015. Unit Physics P1. Unit Physics P1 TOTAL

Physics PH1FP. (Jun15PH1FP01) General Certificate of Secondary Education Foundation Tier June 2015. Unit Physics P1. Unit Physics P1 TOTAL Centre Number Surname Candidate Number For Examiner s Use Other Names Candidate Signature Examiner s Initials Question Mark Science A Unit Physics P1 Physics Unit Physics P1 Friday 12 June 2015 General

More information

Grade Level: 6 th grade Presented by: Sally Ferrelle, Oglethorpe Academy, Savannah, GA Length of Unit: 5 lessons

Grade Level: 6 th grade Presented by: Sally Ferrelle, Oglethorpe Academy, Savannah, GA Length of Unit: 5 lessons HEAT and TEMPERATURE Grade Level: 6 th grade Presented by: Sally Ferrelle, Oglethorpe Academy, Savannah, GA Length of Unit: 5 lessons I. ABSTRACT In the unit on heat and temperature, the students will

More information

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES

SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES SUGGESTED ACTIVITIES (Thermal Energy) From Invitations to Science Inquiry 2 nd Edition by Tik L. Liem: Activity Page Number Concept Warm a Bottle by Shaking 184 Heat, Friction The Confused Bottles 206

More information

Energy Transformation Lab

Energy Transformation Lab Energy Transformation Lab Lab Response Page You will fill in the blanks with the energy form that matches that object. Use thermal instead of heat and radiant instead of light. You may double check your

More information

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test.

6 th Grade Science Assessment: Weather & Water Select the best answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this test. Select the be answer on the answer sheet. Please do not make any marks on this te. 1. Weather is be defined as the A. changes that occur in cloud formations from day to day. B. amount of rain or snow that

More information

SOLAR ENERGY FUNDAMENTALS

SOLAR ENERGY FUNDAMENTALS Radiantec SOLAR ENERGY FUNDAMENTALS G E N E R A L S U P P L E M E N T 420 by Radiantec Company What is Solar Energy? What is the Sun? The sun is a star, not much different from the billions of others in

More information

Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key

Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key Study Guide CCA week 12 - Key Vocabulary to know: (define on separate paper & give an example of each) Electrical Energy Mechanical Energy Force Energy carried by electricity Ex: Toaster, Fan, Anything

More information

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment

ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE. GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment ORANGE PUBLIC SCHOOLS OFFICE OF CURRICULUM AND INSTRUCTION OFFICE OF SCIENCE GRADE 6 SCIENCE Post - Assessment School Year 2013-2014 Directions for Grade 6 Post-Assessment The Grade 6 Post-Assessment is

More information

Chapter 4 Forms of energy

Chapter 4 Forms of energy Chapter 4 Forms of energy Introduction This chapter compromises a set of activities that focuses on the energy sources and conversion. The activities illustrate The concept and forms of energy; The different

More information

Learning outcomes. Students will be able to:

Learning outcomes. Students will be able to: Learning structure of the lesson The big picture This lesson is designed to exemplify an argumentation approach to practical work, using a predict-observe-explain framework. Students often think that some

More information

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy

Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Chapter 2: Forms of Energy Goals of Period 2 Section 2.1: To describe the forms of energy Section 2.2: To illustrate conversions from one form of energy to another Section 2.3 To describe energy storage

More information

2. Room temperature: C. Kelvin. 2. Room temperature:

2. Room temperature: C. Kelvin. 2. Room temperature: Temperature I. Temperature is the quantity that tells how hot or cold something is compared with a standard A. Temperature is directly proportional to the average kinetic energy of molecular translational

More information

Mission 7: Saving Energy

Mission 7: Saving Energy Mission 7: Saving Energy How can we save energy? Converting one type of energy to another often damages the environment. For example, burning coal to make electricity causes air pollution. That s why we

More information

The Three Heat Transfer Modes in Reflow Soldering

The Three Heat Transfer Modes in Reflow Soldering Section 5: Reflow Oven Heat Transfer The Three Heat Transfer Modes in Reflow Soldering There are three different heating modes involved with most SMT reflow processes: conduction, convection, and infrared

More information

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t

The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t The Water Cycle Now You See It, Now You Don t Unit: Salinity Patterns & the Water Cycle l Grade Level: Elementary l Time Required: Introduction - 30 min. - Activity as groups 45min Wrap Up 20 min l Content

More information

Current Staff Course Unit/ Length. Basic Outline/ Structure. Unit Objectives/ Big Ideas. Properties of Waves A simple wave has a PH: Sound and Light

Current Staff Course Unit/ Length. Basic Outline/ Structure. Unit Objectives/ Big Ideas. Properties of Waves A simple wave has a PH: Sound and Light Current Staff Course Unit/ Length August August September September October Unit Objectives/ Big Ideas Basic Outline/ Structure PS4- Types of Waves Because light can travel through space, it cannot be

More information

GATEWAY SCIENCE B651/01 PHYSICS B Unit 1 Modules P1 P2 P3 (Foundation Tier)

GATEWAY SCIENCE B651/01 PHYSICS B Unit 1 Modules P1 P2 P3 (Foundation Tier) F GENERAL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION GATEWAY SCIENCE B651/01 PHYSICS B Unit 1 Modules P1 P2 P3 (Foundation Tier) *CUP/T63931* Candidates answer on the question paper A calculator may be used for

More information

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills

What Causes Climate? Use Target Reading Skills Climate and Climate Change Name Date Class Climate and Climate Change Guided Reading and Study What Causes Climate? This section describes factors that determine climate, or the average weather conditions

More information

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle

1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle The Water Cycle 1/2/3. Finding out about the Water Cycle Aims: To enable pupils to learn and understand what happens at each stage of the Water Cycle To introduce specific vocabulary related to the Water

More information

Temperature. Temperature

Temperature. Temperature Chapter 8 Temperature Temperature a number that corresponds to the warmth or coldness of an object measured by a thermometer is a per-particle property no upper limit definite limit on lower end Temperature

More information

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth

CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth CHAPTER 2 Energy and Earth This chapter is concerned with the nature of energy and how it interacts with Earth. At this stage we are looking at energy in an abstract form though relate it to how it affect

More information

The Earth, Sun, and Moon

The Earth, Sun, and Moon reflect The Sun and Moon are Earth s constant companions. We bask in the Sun s heat and light. It provides Earth s energy, and life could not exist without it. We rely on the Moon to light dark nights.

More information

Thermodynamics AP Physics B. Multiple Choice Questions

Thermodynamics AP Physics B. Multiple Choice Questions Thermodynamics AP Physics B Name Multiple Choice Questions 1. What is the name of the following statement: When two systems are in thermal equilibrium with a third system, then they are in thermal equilibrium

More information

Data Bulletin. Mounting Variable Frequency Drives in Electrical Enclosures Thermal Concerns OVERVIEW WHY VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES THERMAL MANAGEMENT?

Data Bulletin. Mounting Variable Frequency Drives in Electrical Enclosures Thermal Concerns OVERVIEW WHY VARIABLE FREQUENCY DRIVES THERMAL MANAGEMENT? Data Bulletin April 2001 Raleigh, NC, USA Mounting Variable Frequency Drives in Electrical Enclosures Thermal Concerns OVERVIEW Variable frequency drives are available from manufacturers as enclosed engineered

More information

5 Things. You Must Know. Before Buying. Radiant Barrier

5 Things. You Must Know. Before Buying. Radiant Barrier Consumer Report: 5 Things You Must Know Before Buying Radiant Barrier 1 INDEX I: How Do Radiant Barriers Really Work pg 3 A: Understanding Heat Transfer pg 3 B: How Radiant Barriers Stop the Heat pg 4

More information

Melting ice Student sheet

Melting ice Student sheet Melting ice Student sheet Predict Which ice cube will melt first? Observe Describe what you saw happen. Why? (Give a scientific explanation) Questions to think about: Why does ice melt? Why might one ice

More information

Processes Within an Ecosystem

Processes Within an Ecosystem Grade 7 Science, Quarter 1, Unit 1.1 Processes Within an Ecosystem Overview Number of instructional days: 23 (1 day = 50 minutes) Content to be learned Identify which biotic and abiotic factors affect

More information

Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy

Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy VEA Bringing Learning to Life Program Support Notes Junior Middle Secondary Catching the Sun The Physics of Solar Energy 18 mins Teacher Notes by Amanda Bianco, B.Sc.Ed. Produced by VEA Pty Ltd Commissioning

More information

Multiple Choice For questions 1-10, circle only one answer.

Multiple Choice For questions 1-10, circle only one answer. Test Bank - Chapter 1 The questions in the test bank cover the concepts from the lessons in Chapter 1. Select questions from any of the categories that match the content you covered with students. The

More information

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK

4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK 4THE UNIVERSITY OF THE STATE OF NEW YORK GRADE 4 ELEMENTARY-LEVEL SCIENCE TEST WRITTEN TEST JUNE 6, 2011 Student Name School Name Print your name and the name of your school on the lines above. The test

More information

Standards A complete list of the standards covered by this lesson is included in the Appendix at the end of the lesson.

Standards A complete list of the standards covered by this lesson is included in the Appendix at the end of the lesson. Lesson 3: Albedo Time: approximately 40-50 minutes, plus 30 minutes for students to paint pop bottles Materials: Text: Albedo (from web site 1 per group) Small thermometers, at least 0ºC to 100ºC range

More information

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan

Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Bay Area Scientists in Schools Presentation Plan Lesson Name Heat Transfer: It s So Cool! Presenter(s) Kevin Metcalf, Sarika Goel, David Ojala, Melanie Drake, Carly Anderson Grade Level 3 Standards Connection(s)

More information

Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter

Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter Physical and Chemical Properties of Matter What is matter? Anything that has mass and takes up space Chemical or Physical Property? Physical properties of matter: characteristics that can be observed or

More information

5 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems

5 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems Energy and States of Matter 5 Answers and Solutions to Text Problems 5.1 At the top of the hill, all of the energy of the car is in the form of potential energy. As it descends down the hill, potential

More information

PS-6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other.

PS-6.2 Explain the factors that determine potential and kinetic energy and the transformation of one to the other. PS-6.1 Explain how the law of conservation of energy applies to the transformation of various forms of energy (including mechanical energy, electrical energy, chemical energy, light energy, sound energy,

More information

Basic Forms of Energy:

Basic Forms of Energy: Background Information: Energy can be defined in many different ways: the ability to do work, the ability to the change the properties of a material, or simply the ability to do something. Energy is a

More information

Section 15.1 Energy and Its Forms (pages 446 452)

Section 15.1 Energy and Its Forms (pages 446 452) Section 15.1 and Its Forms (pages 446 452) This section describes how energy and work are related. It defines kinetic energy and potential energy, and gives examples for calculating these forms of energy.

More information

The First Law of Thermodynamics

The First Law of Thermodynamics The First aw of Thermodynamics Q and W are process (path)-dependent. (Q W) = E int is independent of the process. E int = E int,f E int,i = Q W (first law) Q: + heat into the system; heat lost from the

More information

Chapter 4 Practice Quiz

Chapter 4 Practice Quiz Chapter 4 Practice Quiz 1. Label each box with the appropriate state of matter. A) I: Gas II: Liquid III: Solid B) I: Liquid II: Solid III: Gas C) I: Solid II: Liquid III: Gas D) I: Gas II: Solid III:

More information

Building Energy Systems. - HVAC: Heating, Distribution -

Building Energy Systems. - HVAC: Heating, Distribution - * Some of the images used in these slides are taken from the internet for instructional purposes only Building Energy Systems - HVAC: Heating, Distribution - Bryan Eisenhower Associate Director Center

More information

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER. SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages 385 389)

Name Date Class STATES OF MATTER. SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages 385 389) 13 STATES OF MATTER SECTION 13.1 THE NATURE OF GASES (pages 385 389) This section introduces the kinetic theory and describes how it applies to gases. It defines gas pressure and explains how temperature

More information

Review Chapter 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. Conceptual Physics, 10e (Hewitt) Chapter 10

Review Chapter 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16. Conceptual Physics, 10e (Hewitt) Chapter 10 Review Chapter 10, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16 Conceptual Physics, 10e (Hewitt) Chapter 10 23) What prevents satellites such as a space shuttle from falling? A) gravity B) the absence of air drag C) Nothing; they're

More information

Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold

Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold Every mathematician knows it is impossible to understand an elementary course in thermodynamics. ~V.I. Arnold Radiation Radiation: Heat energy transmitted by electromagnetic waves Q t = εσat 4 emissivity

More information

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES

SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES SECOND GRADE 1 WEEK LESSON PLANS AND ACTIVITIES WATER CYCLE OVERVIEW OF SECOND GRADE WATER WEEK 1. PRE: Exploring the properties of water. LAB: Experimenting with different soap mixtures. POST: Analyzing

More information

Chapter 2, Lesson 5: Changing State Melting

Chapter 2, Lesson 5: Changing State Melting Chapter 2, Lesson 5: Changing State Melting Key Concepts Melting is a process that causes a substance to change from a solid to a liquid. Melting occurs when the molecules of a solid speed up enough that

More information

Glossary of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Terms

Glossary of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Terms Glossary of Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning Terms Air Change: Unlike re-circulated air, this is the total air required to completely replace the air in a room or building. Air Conditioner: Equipment

More information

Unit/Lesson Plan Title: Too Hot to Handle! Grade Level(s) 3. Research Sources

Unit/Lesson Plan Title: Too Hot to Handle! Grade Level(s) 3. Research Sources Unit/Lesson Plan Title: Too Hot to Handle! Primary Subject Integrated Subjects Grade Level(s) 3 Length of Unit Research Sources Unit Summary Key Vocabulary NC Essential Standards For Science Energy/Energy

More information

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world.

GRADE 6 SCIENCE. Demonstrate a respect for all forms of life and a growing appreciation for the beauty and diversity of God s world. GRADE 6 SCIENCE STRAND A Value and Attitudes Catholic Schools exist so that curriculum may be taught in the light of Gospel teachings. Teachers must reinforce Gospel truths and values so that students

More information

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State

EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State EXAMPLE EXERCISE 4.1 Change of Physical State State the term that applies to each of the following changes of physical state: (a) Snow changes from a solid to a liquid. (b) Gasoline changes from a liquid

More information

Preview of Period 5: Thermal Energy, the Microscopic Picture

Preview of Period 5: Thermal Energy, the Microscopic Picture Preview of Period 5: Thermal Energy, the Microscopic Picture 5.1 Temperature and Molecular Motion What is evaporative cooling? 5.2 Temperature and Phase Changes How much energy is required for a phase

More information

III. BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE

III. BACKGROUND KNOWLEDGE Chemistry: Phase Changes: Heat and Matter Grade Level: 5 Presented by: Gail Scott-Taylor, R.N. Harris Integrated Arts/Core Knowledge School Length of Unit: Seven lessons I. ABSTRACT Roll up your sleeves

More information

Heat. Chapter 4. 1. What is the difference between heat and temperature? 2. Why does an ice cube melt in your hand?

Heat. Chapter 4. 1. What is the difference between heat and temperature? 2. Why does an ice cube melt in your hand? Chapter 4 Heat Have you ever seen a hot air balloon float high above Earth s surface? What about a hang glider or a soaring bird of prey like a hawk? Each of these objects a hot air balloon, a hang glider,

More information