Inductive Reasoning Page 1 of 7. Inductive Reasoning

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Inductive Reasoning Page 1 of 7. Inductive Reasoning"

Transcription

1 Inductive Reasoning Page 1 of 7 Inductive Reasoning We learned that valid deductive thinking begins with at least one universal premise and leads to a conclusion that is believed to be contained in the argument s premises. Indeed, if the premises are true and the argument form is valid, the conclusion must be true. The universal statement in a syllogism allows us to move from a proposition about an entire class to a statement about some or all members of a class. We will look at arguments that move from a particular premise to a universal conclusion. Such arguments are examples of inductive reasoning. (Specific to General). Traditionally, the study of inductive logic was confined to either arguments by analogy or else methods of arriving at generalizations on the basis of a finite number of observations. A typical argument by analogy proceeds from the premise that two objects are observed to be similar with respect to a number of attributes to the conclusion that the two objects are also similar with respect to another attribute. The strength of such arguments depends on the degree to which the attributes in question are related to each other. 1 Remember that deductive reasoning begins with two or more premises and derives a conclusion that must follow from those premises. The basic form of deductive reasoning is the syllogism. Inductive reasoning begins with a set of evidence or observations about some members of a class. From this evidence or observation we draw a conclusion about all members of a class. (Specific to general). Because of this move from the particular to the general, the conclusions of good inductive reasoning likely or probably follow from the observation; the do not absolutely follow. By moving from the particular to the general, the conclusions of inductive reasoning are not logically contained in the premises. We can see this in the following inductive argument. 1 Britannica 2001 Deluxe Edition CD-ROM,

2 Inductive Reasoning Page 2 of 7 Every day I notice that the sun rises in the east and sets in the west. Though I ll be dead in one hundred years, I know that my grandchildren will also see the sun rise in the east and set in the west. In all likelihood the grandchildren will make the observations predicted. However,, it is not necessarily the case. It could be, although it is unlikely, that the earth will encounter some cosmic matter or force that unsettles its rotation such that the sun rises in the north and sets in the south. The only way we will know for sure is to wait until the grandchildren observe the sun. In inductive reasoning the premises of the argument consist of the evidence or observations from which we derive our conclusion. As in deductive arguments, these premises can be challenged. For example, if we see three black crows and conclude that all crows are black, someone could say, Well, you saw them far away, didn t you? Don t you know that colors disappear with distance, and even if they were red they would have looked black to you? Thus the observation is challenged. Science, which relies heavily on the inductive method, often faces challenges this way, as when someone points out that the results of a particular experiment are flawed because of poor experimental design. Often deductive arguments contain premises that are inductively derived. Consider the following: If the stock market crashes, then the suicide rate will rise. The stock marked crashed. Therefore, the suicide rate will rise. In this hypothetical syllogism, the first premise is really a conclusion of inductive reasoning: Whenever the stock market crashed in the past, the suicide rate went up. Therefore, if the stock market crashes again, the suicide rate will go up. Many of the syllogisms we looked at contain premises that are based on inductive reasoning. And as

3 Inductive Reasoning Page 3 of 7 we learned, these inductive premises can often be challenged, thereby weakening the deductive argument. Inductive reasoning can also be challenged by finding evidence contrary to the conclusion. Let us go back to the evidence in our example with the black birds: I saw three crows today and all them were black. The conclusion is that therefore all crows are black. The conclusion of this argument would be refuted instantly if someone found a red or blue crow. Thus, the conclusions of inductive arguments, even with true premises, are always open to the possibility, however unlikely, that they are false, for they are statements of probability, not certainty. In contrast, the conclusion of a deductive argument cannot be false, given true premises and valid syllogistic form. Consider the following inductive argument: Because no other planet in the solar system has any signs of even the lowest form of life, we must conclude that we are the only intelligent creatures in the universe. Here the argument went from the particular no life on any other planets in our solar system to the general no life on any other planets in any solar system. This conclusion can be disputed in several ways: we can attack the methods that have been used so far to search for life, that is, attack the observation; we can argue that the number of planets that we have observed is too small to justify a generalization to all planets; or we can actually discover life on another planet, a possibility that is not foreclosed by the inductive conclusion. Discovering life on another planet would definitely refute the conclusion above. However, one commonly attacks the inductive argument with another inductive argument, that is, with evidence or observation that suggests a contrary conclusion. For example, astronomers have discovered planets revolving around nearby stars and can argue from this evidence that our planetary system is not unusual, that many or most stars have planets. Therefore, considering the billions of stars in each galaxy and the billions of galaxies in the universe, it is highly unlikely that life exists only on earth. This evidence of other planetary systems in our galaxy does not refute the previous conclusion that there is no life in the universe except on earth, but is certainly weakens it.

4 Inductive Reasoning Page 4 of 7 Given induction s apparent uncertainty, is there any such thing as a sound inductive argument? We have seen that sound deductive arguments are valid arguments with true premises and therefore conclusively true conclusions. Some philosophers, such as the skeptic David Hume, argue that there are no absolutely sound inductive arguments that all inductive arguments fall short of yielding conclusions as certain as those in sound deductive arguments but there are good practical inductive arguments. If the argument is based on repeated, accurate observations, and as we will see, if the analogies used are based on strong significant similarities rather than on weak ones, then the induction may be, practically speaking, rather solid. Such strong inductive arguments can be referred to as sound as long as we understand that their conclusions are not absolute, as they are in sound deductive arguments. We use sound inductions every day; indeed, it would be difficult to live without them. Here are some examples: 1. Driving to work after a fresh snow we notice several cars in the ditch. Just after this observation we see a car ahead of us spin out of control. We conclude from these observations that the roads in our area are slippery because of the new fallen snow. We slow down and drive very carefully the rest of the way to work. 2. We let our cat out of our house and notice that it runs behind a neighbor s garage. We let our cat out the next day and it runs there again. And on the third day our cat again runs behind our neighbor s garage. We conclude from these observations that our cat will run behind the garage upon being let out. We decide to talk to our neighbors to see if they mind if our cat roams on their property. 3. We are dropped off from work and wave our friend on before we open the door. We have the keys to the house and we know that we will be able to get

5 Inductive Reasoning Page 5 of 7 in. We know this because our keys have worked in our lock hundreds of times before. Conclusions of good inductive reasoning are highly probable, but never certain. In the above examples, the conclusions could have been wrong. Consider these possibilities: 1. The roads are only slippery along this stretch of road because a water main broke and the water froze under the snow. All other roads were just fine. 2. The cat went behind the neighbor s garage because the neighbor had some garbage from Thanksgiving Day back there, and the cat had a fancy for turkey. After the garbage was collected the cat was no longer interested. 3. We waved our friends on knowing that we had our keys and could get in. Unfortunately, the keys didn t work this time because the lock was broken. Thinking Activity: Distinguishing Between Inductive and Deductive Arguments Analyze the seven statements below for the kind of reasoning used. Place an I in front of the inductive arguments and D in front of deductive ones. Be careful that you do not confuse premises derived through induction with the inductive form of argument. 1. Anything that questions the fact of its own existence must exist. I question the fact of my own existence. Therefore, I must exist. 2. Every person who questions the fact of their own existence is depressed. Mary has recently been questioning the fact of her own existence. Therefore, Mary must be depressed. 3. If a woman gets married, she will regret it. Sharon is getting married soon. Therefore, Sharon will eventually regret it.

6 Inductive Reasoning Page 6 of 7 4. My friend is a very intellectual person but also quite neurotic. So, I think intelligent people in general, perhaps because they are so overdeveloped in their intelligence, must be underdeveloped elsewhere, leaving them with somewhat disturbed personalities. 5. I have never won a thing in my life, and I never will. It is not in my karma. 6. No human being lies all the time. Therefore, Mary does not, as you suggest, lie all the time maybe a lot but not all the time. 7. No species on this planet has survived for more than 100 million years. The human race will be no exception. Thinking Activity: Consider Past Errors List examples of erroneous inductive reasoning that you have used in the past. Consider reasoning that you do at work, at hove, and in your relationships. For each example, identify why your conclusions were wrong. Were they based on too few observations, or were the errors due to some very unusual circumstances? 1. Example: Reason for Error: 2. Example: Reason for Error: 3. Example: Reason for Error:

7 Inductive Reasoning Page 7 of 7 Reference: Thinking by Kirby and Goodpaster, 1999 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. Used with written permission.

Read this syllabus very carefully. If there are any reasons why you cannot comply with what I am requiring, then talk with me about this at once.

Read this syllabus very carefully. If there are any reasons why you cannot comply with what I am requiring, then talk with me about this at once. LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING PHIL 2020 Maymester Term, 2010 Daily, 9:30-12:15 Peabody Hall, room 105 Text: LOGIC AND RATIONAL THOUGHT by Frank R. Harrison, III Professor: Frank R. Harrison, III Office:

More information

INTRUSION PREVENTION AND EXPERT SYSTEMS

INTRUSION PREVENTION AND EXPERT SYSTEMS INTRUSION PREVENTION AND EXPERT SYSTEMS By Avi Chesla avic@v-secure.com Introduction Over the past few years, the market has developed new expectations from the security industry, especially from the intrusion

More information

Is there life on other worlds?

Is there life on other worlds? activity 5 Is there life on other worlds? purpose Is there life on other worlds? People have pondered this question since ancient times. But now, for the first time in human history, advances in the biological

More information

Long-Term Care: Frequently Asked Questions About Long- Term Care Insurance

Long-Term Care: Frequently Asked Questions About Long- Term Care Insurance FACT SHEET LTC: FAQ s About Long-Term Care Insurance (H-003) p. 1 of 5 Long-Term Care: Frequently Asked Questions About Long- Term Care Insurance Long-Term Care (LTC) insurance only pays for long-term

More information

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT: Content Marketing Analyzing Your Efforts 1. Content Marketing - Analyzing Your Efforts:

VIDEO TRANSCRIPT: Content Marketing Analyzing Your Efforts 1. Content Marketing - Analyzing Your Efforts: VIDEO TRANSCRIPT: Content Marketing Analyzing Your Efforts 1 Content Marketing - Analyzing Your Efforts: This is a transcript of a presentation originally given live at the Growth Powered by Risdall Fall

More information

How To Set Up A Video Email Referral Marketing Campaign That Spits Out Referrals & Repeat Business

How To Set Up A Video Email Referral Marketing Campaign That Spits Out Referrals & Repeat Business How To Set Up A Video Email Referral Marketing Campaign That Spits Out Referrals & Repeat Business 1 The Key To Long Lasting Referral & Repeat Business Lead Generation Before we get started here s something

More information

Plato gives another argument for this claiming, relating to the nature of knowledge, which we will return to in the next section.

Plato gives another argument for this claiming, relating to the nature of knowledge, which we will return to in the next section. Michael Lacewing Plato s theor y of Forms FROM SENSE EXPERIENCE TO THE FORMS In Book V (476f.) of The Republic, Plato argues that all objects we experience through our senses are particular things. We

More information

The Stacks Approach. Why It s Time to Start Thinking About Enterprise Technology in Stacks

The Stacks Approach. Why It s Time to Start Thinking About Enterprise Technology in Stacks The Stacks Approach Why It s Time to Start Thinking About Enterprise Technology in Stacks CONTENTS Executive Summary Layer 1: Enterprise Competency Domains Layer 2: Platforms Layer 3: Enterprise Technology

More information

The Marketer s Guide To Building Multi-Channel Campaigns

The Marketer s Guide To Building Multi-Channel Campaigns The Marketer s Guide To Building Multi-Channel Campaigns Introduction Marketing is always changing. Currently there s a shift in the way we talk to customers and potential customers. Specifically, where

More information

A Short Course in Logic Zeno s Paradox

A Short Course in Logic Zeno s Paradox 1 Grappling with Good Arguments A Short Course in Logic Zeno s Paradox We ve seen that if we decide that an argument is good then we should be inclined to believe that the ultimate conclusion is true.

More information

12 Proven Principles for Process Improvement & Organizational Success

12 Proven Principles for Process Improvement & Organizational Success 12 Proven Principles for Process Improvement & Organizational Success EU SEPG Conference June 2008 Dr. Richard Bechtold : Slide #: 2 12 Proven Principles for Process Improvement and Organizational Success

More information

B2B Customer Satisfaction Research

B2B Customer Satisfaction Research Circle Research White Paper B2B Customer Satisfaction B2B Customer Satisfaction Research IN SUMMARY This paper on B2B customer satisfaction research: Identifies why customer satisfaction matters Provides

More information

Looking for Tax Revenue in All the Wrong Places: 401(k) Plans Under Attack

Looking for Tax Revenue in All the Wrong Places: 401(k) Plans Under Attack VOL. 25, NO. 1 SPRING 2012 BENEFITS LAW JOURNAL From the Editor Looking for Tax Revenue in All the Wrong Places: 401(k) Plans Under Attack If we could help restore our nation s fiscal health by reducing

More information

Process Cutting Heating Assembly Hrs per unit 2 3 4 Total hours available 100,000 120,000 220,000

Process Cutting Heating Assembly Hrs per unit 2 3 4 Total hours available 100,000 120,000 220,000 RELEVANT TO ACCA QUALIFICATION PAPER F5 AND PERFORMANCE OBJECTIVES 12, 13 AND 14 Throughput accounting and the theory of constraints In the previous article, I told you all about The Goal, the book in

More information

Family Law - Divorce FAQ

Family Law - Divorce FAQ Family Law - Divorce FAQ We have only been married a short time when can I start a divorce? You cannot start a divorce until you have been married for at least 12 months and you must show that the marriage

More information

A Short Course in Logic Example 8

A Short Course in Logic Example 8 A Short ourse in Logic xample 8 I) Recognizing Arguments III) valuating Arguments II) Analyzing Arguments valuating Arguments with More than one Line of Reasoning valuating If then Premises Independent

More information

1.2 Investigations and Experiments

1.2 Investigations and Experiments Science is about figuring out cause and effect relationships. If we do something, what happens? If we make a ramp steeper, how much faster will a car roll down? This is an easy question. However, the process

More information

Cash Flow Exclusive / September 2015

Cash Flow Exclusive / September 2015 Ralf Bieler Co-Founder, President, CEO Cash Flow Exclusive, LLC My 2 Cents on The Best Zero-Cost Strategy to Improve Your Business To achieve better business results you don t necessarily need to have

More information

How to make changes to your annuity income

How to make changes to your annuity income How to make changes to your annuity income What s inside 2 Is it time to make a change? 3 Your annuity income 5 TIAA Traditional income 7 TIAA and CREF variable income 10 Ways to adjust your annuity income

More information

Introduction to Semantics. A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit

Introduction to Semantics. A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit A Case Study in Semantic Fieldwork: Modality in Tlingit In this handout, I ll walk you step-by-step through one small part of a semantic fieldwork project on an understudied language: Tlingit, a Na-Dene

More information

Surveillance of algorithmic trading

Surveillance of algorithmic trading Surveillance of algorithmic trading A proposal for how to monitor trading algorithms Lars-Ivar Sellberg Executive Chairman, MSc Electrical Engineering/IT BA Financial Economics Copyright 2009-2013. All

More information

Mineral rights ownership what is it and why is it so unique in the USA?

Mineral rights ownership what is it and why is it so unique in the USA? Mineral rights ownership what is it and why is it so unique in the USA? Introduction This document is designed to explain the concept of mineral rights ownership, and how such ownership differs between

More information

LIFE INSURANCE STRATEGY GUIDE

LIFE INSURANCE STRATEGY GUIDE LIFE INSURANCE 101 STRATEGY GUIDE : STRATEGY GUIDE TABLE OF CONTENTS Why You May Need Life Insurance... 5 Shopping for Life Insurance... 5 How Much Life Insurance to Obtain... 6 Calculating Total Funds

More information

The chain. Unravelling the links between sales

The chain. Unravelling the links between sales The chain Unravelling the links between sales Autumn 2015 The story so far Contents More homes have been sold without an onward chain in 2015 than in any of the previous years. The growth in the number

More information

Risk, Return and Market Efficiency

Risk, Return and Market Efficiency Risk, Return and Market Efficiency For 9.220, Term 1, 2002/03 02_Lecture16.ppt Student Version Outline 1. Introduction 2. Types of Efficiency 3. Informational Efficiency 4. Forms of Informational Efficiency

More information

Use This Outside-the-box Marketing Idea To Get Outside-the-park Results

Use This Outside-the-box Marketing Idea To Get Outside-the-park Results Use This Outside-the-box Marketing Idea To Get Outside-the-park Results By Geoffery Moore The Power of Marketing Ice-breakers Suppose you are having a social gathering in your home, but people are not

More information

HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF YOUR ACCOUNTANT

HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF YOUR ACCOUNTANT Prepared by HOW TO GET THE MOST OUT OF YOUR ACCOUNTANT Do you find dealing with your accountant confusing? Not exactly sure what services an accountant can provide for you? Do you have expensive accounting

More information

Einstein s cosmological legacy: From the big bang to black holes

Einstein s cosmological legacy: From the big bang to black holes School of Mathematical and Computing Sciences Te Kura Pangarau, Rorohiko Einstein s cosmological legacy: From the big bang to black holes Matt Visser Overview: 2005 marks 100 years since Einstein discovered

More information

Could a Managed Services Agreement Save Your Company Tens of Thousands of Dollars Each Year?

Could a Managed Services Agreement Save Your Company Tens of Thousands of Dollars Each Year? MANAGED IT SERVICES Could a Managed Services Agreement Save Your Company Tens of Thousands of Dollars Each Year? A lot of business owners, executives, and managers have a love-hate relationship with managed

More information

Here are their words to the wise:

Here are their words to the wise: 8 Dumb Things that Smart People Do When Buying a Home If you re bound and determined to buy a house, here is some advice from recent home buyers, sharing things they wish they had known before they bought.

More information

Audit Readiness Lessons Learned

Audit Readiness Lessons Learned Audit Readiness Lessons Learned Four Tips for Achieving a Smooth Audit It seems obvious: Prepare well and prepare ahead of time and the year-end audit does not have to be the painful experience most organizations

More information

What is a Credit Score and Why Do I Care What It Is?

What is a Credit Score and Why Do I Care What It Is? What is a Credit Score and Why Do I Care What It Is? Your Credit Score is a lot like the score you get on a test. You get points for good credit decisions and behavior and you get points taken away for

More information

Technology E&O Insurance

Technology E&O Insurance If you are uncertain if you should report a claim, or notify the insurer of circumstances that might give rise to a claim, you should immediately consult your Axis representative for guidance Axis Insurance

More information

The Commission Cutting Report

The Commission Cutting Report The Commission Cutting Report Why they re being cut and what you can do about it! By Mike Ferry Page 1 of 17 THE COMMISSION CUTTING REPORT Why am I writing a report of this type? Why is a report of this

More information

Critical analysis. Be more critical! More analysis needed! That s what my tutors say about my essays. I m not really sure what they mean.

Critical analysis. Be more critical! More analysis needed! That s what my tutors say about my essays. I m not really sure what they mean. Critical analysis Be more critical! More analysis needed! That s what my tutors say about my essays. I m not really sure what they mean. I thought I had written a really good assignment this time. I did

More information

sales tools laying the proper groundwork for the client to say yes FOR AGENT USE ONLY

sales tools laying the proper groundwork for the client to say yes FOR AGENT USE ONLY laying the proper groundwork for the client to say yes FOR AGENT USE ONLY Most sales professionals agree that the toughest area in regards to sales is yes closing the sale Closing techniques and overcoming

More information

Bailouts and Stimulus Plans. Eugene F. Fama

Bailouts and Stimulus Plans. Eugene F. Fama Bailouts and Stimulus Plans Eugene F. Fama Robert R. McCormick Distinguished Service Professor of Finance Booth School of Business University of Chicago There is an identity in macroeconomics. It says

More information

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing

Introduction to Hypothesis Testing I. Terms, Concepts. Introduction to Hypothesis Testing A. In general, we do not know the true value of population parameters - they must be estimated. However, we do have hypotheses about what the true

More information

Last time we had arrived at the following provisional interpretation of Aquinas second way:

Last time we had arrived at the following provisional interpretation of Aquinas second way: Aquinas Third Way Last time we had arrived at the following provisional interpretation of Aquinas second way: 1. 2. 3. 4. At least one thing has an efficient cause. Every causal chain must either be circular,

More information

ThinkReliability. Six Common Errors when Solving Problems. Solve Problems. Prevent Problems.

ThinkReliability. Six Common Errors when Solving Problems. Solve Problems. Prevent Problems. Six Common Errors when Solving Problems Mark Galley Organizations apply a variety of tools to solve problems, improve operations and increase reliability many times without success. Why? More than likely,

More information

Linked Core Abilities

Linked Core Abilities Courtesy of Army JROTC U2C4L3 Negotiating Key Words: Negotiation Principled Negotiation What You Will Learn to Do Negotiate a win/win solution for a given situation Linked Core Abilities Communicate using

More information

Using trusts can help to make sure your financial plans take care of the future

Using trusts can help to make sure your financial plans take care of the future Using trusts can help to make sure your financial plans take care of the future 2 Trusts and what they do If you ve already taken the time to make financial plans for the future, using trusts can help

More information

Five Tips for Presenting Data Analyses: Telling a Good Story with Data

Five Tips for Presenting Data Analyses: Telling a Good Story with Data Five Tips for Presenting Data Analyses: Telling a Good Story with Data As a professional business or data analyst you have both the tools and the knowledge needed to analyze and understand data collected

More information

The Easy Way To Flipping Domain Names

The Easy Way To Flipping Domain Names The Easy Way To Flipping Domain Names Published by http://rebirthmediagroup.com Disclaimer: The rights of this ebook are owned by Rebirth Media Group. You are not allowed to copy, reprint, or sell this

More information

LONG TERM CARE INSURANCE IS NOT FOR THE ELDERLY!

LONG TERM CARE INSURANCE IS NOT FOR THE ELDERLY! LONG TERM CARE INSURANCE IS NOT FOR THE ELDERLY! What s that you say? Long Term Care insurance (LTCi) is NOT for the elderly?! Did you know that over 45% of all claims for Long Term Care are for people

More information

SELECTING A COMPETENT FIRE RISK ASSESSOR

SELECTING A COMPETENT FIRE RISK ASSESSOR SELECTING A COMPETENT FIRE RISK ASSESS by a representative of the IFE Fire Risk Assessors' and Auditors' Register Professional Review Panel Introduction Previous speakers have identified, and examined,

More information

Excel Formatting: Best Practices in Financial Models

Excel Formatting: Best Practices in Financial Models Excel Formatting: Best Practices in Financial Models Properly formatting your Excel models is important because it makes it easier for others to read and understand your analysis and for you to read and

More information

Registry Tuner. Software Manual

Registry Tuner. Software Manual Registry Tuner Software Manual Table of Contents Introduction 1 System Requirements 2 Frequently Asked Questions 3 Using the Lavasoft Registry Tuner 5 Scan and Fix Registry Errors 7 Optimize Registry

More information

7 Ways To Explode Your Profits as a Tint Professional and Change your Life Forever!

7 Ways To Explode Your Profits as a Tint Professional and Change your Life Forever! WINDOW FILM CUTTING SYSTEM 7 Ways To Explode Your Profits as a Tint Professional and Change your Life Forever! 2012 Tint Tek The automobile window tinting industry is a highly profitable trade and, for

More information

HVAC CONSUMER AWARENESS GUIDE

HVAC CONSUMER AWARENESS GUIDE INCLUDING: The 4 Most Costly Mistakes To Avoid Plus 3 Simple Steps to Take for Peace- Of- Mind and Comfort in Your Home Also 8 Specific Questions to Ask When Buying and Installing a New Heating Or Cooling

More information

Breakthrough Life Insurance Solutions That Make Sense for Today s Generations

Breakthrough Life Insurance Solutions That Make Sense for Today s Generations Breakthrough Life Insurance Solutions That Make Sense for Today s Generations Find Out How Successful Brokers Are Closing More Life Insurance Sales by Reaching These Two Key Markets! Introduction The life

More information

4180: Defined Processes, Evidence, and Rescuing Corporate Knowledge: Achieving Standards Compliance in Agile and Lean Environments

4180: Defined Processes, Evidence, and Rescuing Corporate Knowledge: Achieving Standards Compliance in Agile and Lean Environments 4180: Defined Processes, Evidence, and Rescuing Corporate Knowledge: Achieving Standards Compliance in Agile and Lean Environments SEPG Conference March 2012 Dr. Richard Bechtold : Overview Problem Statement

More information

VivintSolar. Steve Hellman 1-844-217-7010 phone/fax Steven.hellman@vivintsolar.com

VivintSolar. Steve Hellman 1-844-217-7010 phone/fax Steven.hellman@vivintsolar.com VivintSolar Steve Hellman 1-844-217-7010 phone/fax Steven.hellman@vivintsolar.com BY DOING THIS: My job is Super Simple. I do 3 things: 1. First, I explain the Program to you. 2. Second, I Answer All of

More information

Life Insurance. Single Premium Life Insurance

Life Insurance. Single Premium Life Insurance Life Insurance Life insurance provides cash for many important expenses to help survivors deal with a number of pressing financial issues after the loss of a loved one. Proceeds from a life insurance policy

More information

Scientific Method for Kids Scientific Method Steps Made Simple

Scientific Method for Kids Scientific Method Steps Made Simple Scientific Method for Kids Scientific Method Steps Made Simple Scientific language is often needed to explain natural phenomena as accurately as possible. Unfortunately, this can also complicate the process

More information

How to Start a Film Commission

How to Start a Film Commission How to Start a Film Commission Starting a film commission is not really any different than starting any new business. You will need to so some research, develop a plan of action, and find people who are

More information

IVR PARTICIPANT MANUAL

IVR PARTICIPANT MANUAL IVR PARTICIPANT MANUAL TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction I. Calling In Pg. 4 II. Using the System Pg. 5-13 A. Entering Your I.D. Number and Password B. Your Calling Record Information C. Entering Amount of

More information

Test 1: Inference. Directions

Test 1: Inference. Directions Test 1: Inference An inference is a conclusion a person can draw from certain observed or supposed facts. For example, if the lights are on in a house and voices can be heard coming from the house, a person

More information

13. FIRST MEETING WITH THE CLIENT AND

13. FIRST MEETING WITH THE CLIENT AND 13. FIRST MEETING WITH THE CLIENT AND PROPOSAL TO YOUR CLIENT Extract OVERVIEW In this module, we will cover the following topics: Preparation At the meeting Planning the ceremony Budget planning Proposal

More information

Key Features of the Guaranteed ISA

Key Features of the Guaranteed ISA Key Features of the Guaranteed ISA The Financial Conduct Authority is a financial services regulator. It requires us, Police Mutual, to give you this important information to help you decide whether our

More information

A. Arguments are made up of statements, which can be either true or false. Which of the following are statements?

A. Arguments are made up of statements, which can be either true or false. Which of the following are statements? Critical Thinking University of St Andrews March 2007 Bullet point material is not on the students copies. Feel free to use the material as you see fit, depending on timing, ability, enthusiasm etc. Good

More information

It Is In Your Interest

It Is In Your Interest STUDENT MODULE 7.2 BORROWING MONEY PAGE 1 Standard 7: The student will identify the procedures and analyze the responsibilities of borrowing money. It Is In Your Interest Jason did not understand how it

More information

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations

Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Grade Level Expectations Science Standard 4 Earth in Space Our Solar System is a collection of gravitationally interacting bodies that include Earth and the Moon. Universal

More information

The dispute is about the sale of a payment protection insurance (PPI) policy in connection with a credit card account with the firm in April 2007.

The dispute is about the sale of a payment protection insurance (PPI) policy in connection with a credit card account with the firm in April 2007. FINAL DECISION complaint by: Mr E complaint about: the firm complaint reference: date of decision: April 2009 This final decision is issued by me, Robert Short, an ombudsman with the Financial Ombudsman

More information

OUTSOURCE IT OR KEEP IT IN-HOUSE?

OUTSOURCE IT OR KEEP IT IN-HOUSE? OUTSOURCE IT OR KEEP IT IN-HOUSE? RON SELLERS GREY MATTER RESEARCH & CONSULTING Originally published in Quirk s Marketing Research Review, May 1998 To outsource, or not to outsource: that is the question.

More information

Make Your Website Visible to Search Engines: Find a Good SEO Expert By Sharon D. Nelson, Esq. and John W. Simek 2010 Sensei Enterprises, Inc.

Make Your Website Visible to Search Engines: Find a Good SEO Expert By Sharon D. Nelson, Esq. and John W. Simek 2010 Sensei Enterprises, Inc. Make Your Website Visible to Search Engines: Find a Good SEO Expert By Sharon D. Nelson, Esq. and John W. Simek 2010 Sensei Enterprises, Inc. What every law firm wants is to have its website appear on

More information

Expect. What to. An easy to understand guide to prepare for your first appointment. at your first appointment. As seen in:

Expect. What to. An easy to understand guide to prepare for your first appointment. at your first appointment. As seen in: As seen in: What to Expect at your first appointment An easy to understand guide to prepare for your first appointment. Brett Kitchen and Ethan Kap are the best selling authors of Wealth Beyond Wall Street.

More information

Chapter 25: Exchange in Insurance Markets

Chapter 25: Exchange in Insurance Markets Chapter 25: Exchange in Insurance Markets 25.1: Introduction In this chapter we use the techniques that we have been developing in the previous 2 chapters to discuss the trade of risk. Insurance markets

More information

GUI D A N CE. A Not-for-Profit Company. Helping Self Funders Make the Right Choices. Freephone 0800 055 6225

GUI D A N CE. A Not-for-Profit Company. Helping Self Funders Make the Right Choices. Freephone 0800 055 6225 GUI D A N CE A Not-for-Profit Company Helping Self Funders Make the Right Choices Freephone 0800 055 6225 Paying for Care can be a complex and costly business. We will endeavour to bring simplicity and

More information

PIONEER INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT USA, INC. Moderator: Christine Seaver July 24, 2014 3:15 pm CT

PIONEER INVESTMENT MANAGEMENT USA, INC. Moderator: Christine Seaver July 24, 2014 3:15 pm CT Page 1 Following is an edited transcript from the July 24, 2014 conference call on Pioneer High Income Trust (ticker: PHT). Investment terms are defined at the end of the transcript. PIONEER INVESTMENT

More information

NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS

NECESSARY AND SUFFICIENT CONDITIONS Michael Lacewing Personal identity: Physical and psychological continuity theories A FIRST DISTINCTION In order to understand what is at issue in personal identity, it is important to distinguish between

More information

CBI Yorkshire and Humber Annual Dinner

CBI Yorkshire and Humber Annual Dinner 1 CBI Yorkshire and Humber Annual Dinner Speech given by Kate Barker, Member of the Monetary Policy Committee, Bank of England At Bradford City Football Club 28 April 2004 I am extremely grateful to Rebecca

More information

Writing a Scholarship Essay. Making the essay work for you!

Writing a Scholarship Essay. Making the essay work for you! Writing a Scholarship Essay Making the essay work for you! Reasons why students don t write scholarship essays (and lose out on scholarships!) They hate to write. They don t think they will win anyway.

More information

NEGOTIATING STRATEGIES

NEGOTIATING STRATEGIES NEGOTIATING STRATEGIES Career Services GSU 309 768-4287 www.hartford.edu/career An aspect of the job search process that people tend to have the most questions about is negotiating; how does one go about

More information

Crafting an Argument. Students need to know how to state facts and express their opinions. Organized, Well-Supported, Convincing

Crafting an Argument. Students need to know how to state facts and express their opinions. Organized, Well-Supported, Convincing Crafting an Argument Organized, Well-Supported, Convincing Students need to know how to state facts and express their opinions effectively so that they can positively contribute to classroom conversations

More information

Load Testing Basics: These are the basic ideas in setting up a load test By: Bob Wescott

Load Testing Basics: These are the basic ideas in setting up a load test By: Bob Wescott : These are the basic ideas in setting up a load test By: Bob Wescott Summary Load testing requires you to select transactions that are important to you and then synthetically generate them at a rate that

More information

You ve Got the Technology Now What?

You ve Got the Technology Now What? White Paper You ve Got the Technology Now What? Pre-planning for Social Engagement by COMMfusion LLC & Jamison Consulting May 2012 You ve Got the Technology Now What? 2 Going Beyond the Technology to Deployment

More information

Math/Stats 425 Introduction to Probability. 1. Uncertainty and the axioms of probability

Math/Stats 425 Introduction to Probability. 1. Uncertainty and the axioms of probability Math/Stats 425 Introduction to Probability 1. Uncertainty and the axioms of probability Processes in the real world are random if outcomes cannot be predicted with certainty. Example: coin tossing, stock

More information

WHY AND HOW TO REVISE

WHY AND HOW TO REVISE Page 1 of 5 Revising Your Paper WHY AND HOW TO REVISE Most of us who compose on a computer understand revision as an ongoing, even constant process. Every time you hit the delete button, every time you

More information

How to choose the best software for your retail newsagency By Mark Fletcher, CEO, Tower Systems Updated March 19, 2009

How to choose the best software for your retail newsagency By Mark Fletcher, CEO, Tower Systems Updated March 19, 2009 How to choose the best software for your retail newsagency By Mark Fletcher, CEO, Tower Systems Updated March 19, 2009 Drawing on 27 years working with newsagents including 13 years as a newsagent, Mark

More information

Website Maintenance Information For My Clients Bob Spies, Flying Seal Systems, LLC Updated: 08- Nov- 2015

Website Maintenance Information For My Clients Bob Spies, Flying Seal Systems, LLC Updated: 08- Nov- 2015 Website Maintenance Information For My Clients Bob Spies, Flying Seal Systems, LLC Updated: 08- Nov- 2015 This document has several purposes: To explain what website maintenance is and why it's critical

More information

Social media is a powerful tool. Many people are well aware of this and with the 1.6 billion people on Facebook, surely that is enough to at least

Social media is a powerful tool. Many people are well aware of this and with the 1.6 billion people on Facebook, surely that is enough to at least Social media is a powerful tool. Many people are well aware of this and with the 1.6 billion people on Facebook, surely that is enough to at least consider being there to promote your business? Today,

More information

Compliments of Paralegal-Brain-Blog A Division of Tehachapi Court Services

Compliments of Paralegal-Brain-Blog A Division of Tehachapi Court Services GOD BLESS AMERICA AND ALL WHO DWELL WITHIN Understanding ESTATE PLANNING AND LIVING TRUSTS, ELIMINATE ESTATE TAXES AND MORE Rule of Thumb: Living Trusts are not just for the wealthy. If your assets exceed

More information

How to Choose a Software Development Supplier. 8 Characteristics of the Best Software Development Consultancies

How to Choose a Software Development Supplier. 8 Characteristics of the Best Software Development Consultancies How to Choose a Software Development Supplier 8 Characteristics of the Best Software Development Consultancies Kynetix Technology Group 2012 INTRODUCTION As an executive with responsibility for I.T. you

More information

HUMN-218 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING. Jill R. Wood Instructor

HUMN-218 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING. Jill R. Wood Instructor Coffeyville Community College HUMN-218 COURSE SYLLABUS FOR LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING Jill R. Wood Instructor COURSE NUMBER: HUMN-218 COURSE TITLE: Logic and Critical Thinking CREDIT HOURS: 3 INSTRUCTOR:

More information

CREATIVE S SKETCHBOOK

CREATIVE S SKETCHBOOK Session Plan for Creative Directors CREATIVE S SKETCHBOOK THIS SKETCHBOOK BELONGS TO: @OfficialSYP 1 WELCOME YOUNG CREATIVE If you re reading this, it means you ve accepted the We-CTV challenge and are

More information

Differentiated Instruction Strategies

Differentiated Instruction Strategies Miss Taylor Brooke Stancil s Differentiated Instruction Strategies Choral Response: Choral response is a very simple technique in which the teacher asks questions to the class as a whole and the students

More information

East Carolina University Office of Internal Audit Risk Assessment Preliminary Work

East Carolina University Office of Internal Audit Risk Assessment Preliminary Work Risk Assessment Preliminary Work Attch: 1-A Date: Name: Area of Responsibility: Prior to meeting with your units gather and review the following information: 1. Review unit s website. Note anything of

More information

how 140 characters can ruin your reputation essential reading for retailers ebook

how 140 characters can ruin your reputation essential reading for retailers ebook how 140 characters can ruin your reputation essential reading for retailers ebook it only takes 140 characters to ruin your reputation The empowered consumer has you in the palm of their hand. Most ecommerce

More information

Executive Problems Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Patient Information Booklet. Talis Consulting Limited

Executive Problems Following Traumatic Brain Injury. Patient Information Booklet. Talis Consulting Limited Executive Problems Following Traumatic Brain Injury Patient Information Booklet Talis Consulting Limited What are Executive Functions? Your brain performs a number of highly complex skills all the time.

More information

CONSUMER ENGAGEMENT IN THE CURRENT ACCOUNT MARKET

CONSUMER ENGAGEMENT IN THE CURRENT ACCOUNT MARKET CONSUMER ENGAGEMENT IN THE CURRENT ACCOUNT MARKET Why people don t switch current accounts March 2016 A Bacs Research Paper 1 FOREWORD Since 2013 Bacs has operated the Current Account Switch Service (CASS)

More information

Conventional Wisdom Can Lure Doctors. Into Asset Protection and Tax Traps. Part 1

Conventional Wisdom Can Lure Doctors. Into Asset Protection and Tax Traps. Part 1 Conventional Wisdom Can Lure Doctors Into Asset Protection and Tax Traps Part 1 Ken Vanway, Attorney Christopher R. Jarvis, MBA According to the US Census Bureau, the average American family earns less

More information

THE ROOMMATE WORKSHOP

THE ROOMMATE WORKSHOP THE ROOMMATE WORKSHOP Military & Post-Traditional Student Services BRIGHT FUTURES: DECIDING TO GET A ROOMMATE Financial benefits of roommates: The big financial benefit of getting a roommate(s) is that

More information

Free Psychic Guide How To Get More From Your Psychic Readings

Free Psychic Guide How To Get More From Your Psychic Readings Free Psychic Guide How To Get More From Your Psychic Readings Please Copy and Send This Insightful 20 page e-book To Your Friends and to Anyone Who Is Looking For Sincere and Helpful Guidance in Their

More information

True. All that perfect systems need are correct programs.

True. All that perfect systems need are correct programs. Skip navigation elements to page contents Test: Mid Term Exam - Database Design Review your answers, feedback, and question scores below. An asterisk (*) indicates a correct answer. Section 1 Lesson 1

More information

BPMN Business Process Modeling Notation

BPMN Business Process Modeling Notation BPMN (BPMN) is a graphical notation that describes the logic of steps in a business process. This notation has been especially designed to coordinate the sequence of processes and messages that flow between

More information

BRIEFING NOTE. With-Profits Policies

BRIEFING NOTE. With-Profits Policies BRIEFING NOTE With-Profits Policies This paper has been prepared by The Actuarial Profession to explain how withprofits policies work. It considers traditional non-pensions endowment policies in some detail

More information

After Your Pre-Purchase Building Inspection. What Now?

After Your Pre-Purchase Building Inspection. What Now? Welcome to your FREE Report After Your Pre-Purchase Building Inspection What Now? Inside your exclusive FREE report you will discover What to do next How to understand your inspection report Why you should

More information

Then a web designer adds their own suggestions of how to fit the brand to the website.

Then a web designer adds their own suggestions of how to fit the brand to the website. Branding Small to Medium-Sized Businesses For small businesses, the idea of branding can start with a desire to present a uniform image to the world. The challenge comes when the brand is created without

More information

ANALYSIS OF ARIZONA HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCE COMPARED TO NINE COMPARISON STATES.

ANALYSIS OF ARIZONA HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCE COMPARED TO NINE COMPARISON STATES. ANALYSIS OF ARIZONA HIGHER EDUCATION FINANCE COMPARED TO NINE COMPARISON STATES. Prepared by David Longanecker Consultant to ABOR system redesign project Attached are tables generated by the National Center

More information