Book of Abstracts. 66 th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Corpus Christi, Texas, USA

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1 4 November November 2013 Book of Abstracts 66 th Annual Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute Corpus Christi, Texas, USA Hosted by : The Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies

2 GCFI Gratefully Thanks the Following Sponsors of the 66 th Institute WHALE SHARKS FLORIDA FISH AND WILDLIFE CONSERVATION COMMISSION FISH AND WILDLIFE RESEARCH INSTITUTE HARTE RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR GULF OF MEXICO STUDIES AT TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY CORPUS CHRISTI NATIONAL OCEANIC AND ATMOSPHERIC ADMINISTRATION NATIONAL OCEAN SERVICE NATIONAL MARINE FISHERIES SERVICE BLUE FIN TUNAS TEXAS SEAGRANT AT TEXAS A&M TEXAS STATE AQUARIUM THE GOVERNMENT OF BERMUDA PORT OF CORPUS CHRISTI RED SNAPPERS (c) Diane Rome Peebles THE UNIVERSITY OF SOUTHERN MISSISSIPPI, CENTER FOR FISHERIES AND DEVELOPMENT UNIVERSITY OF TEXAS MARINE SCIENCE INSTITUTE DAUPHIN ISLAND SEA LAB

3 INTERNATIONAL GAMEFISH ASSOCIATION TAMUCC OFFICE OF RESEARCH, COMMERCIALIZATION AND OUTREACH FLORIDA INSTITUTE OF OCEANOGRAPHY MOTE MARINE LABORATORY FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONS SEA GRANT COLLEGE PROGRAMS OF FLORIDA, PUERTO RICO AND THE GULF OF MEXICO CARIBBEAN ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME CARIBBEAN MARINE PROTECTED AREAS NETWORK AND FORUM COASTAL BEND BAYS AND ESTUARIES PROGRAM TAMUCC COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING COASTAL CONSERVATION ASSOCIATION TEXAS SALTWATER-FISHERIES ENHANCEMENT ASSOCIATION TEXAS PARKS AND WILDLIFE DEPARTMENT GULF OF MEXICO FOUNDATION

4 PROGRAM 66 TH ANNUAL GULF AND CARIBBEAN FISHERIES INSTITUTE CORPUS CHRISTI, TEXAS USA 4-8 NOVEMBER 2013 Monday, November 4 Opening Ceremony 8:30 Dr. Alejandro Acosta Dr. James Franks Honorary Guests Program Chair Chair, GCFI Board of Directors 8:40 Nelda Martinez Mayor, City of Corpus Christi 8:50 Dr. Luis Cifuentes, Vice President for Research, Commercialization, and Outreach, Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi Dr. Larry D. McKinney Executive Director, Harte Research Institute for Gulf of Mexico Studies 9:00 Keynote Speaker Dr. Larry D. McKinney The Balance of Nature Steel Reefs and Coral Reefs: Compatible or Contradictory Leroy Creswell 10:00 Coffee break GCFI Executive Secretary; Opening Bell Natural and Artificial Reef Fisheries, Research and Conservation (Moderators: Wes Tunnell and Greg Stunz, HRI) (Sponsored by HRI) 10:30 Wes Tunnell and - Greg Stunz Introduction and overview of natural and artificial reefs in the Gulf of Mexico Special Session *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement i

5 10:45 Patterson III, William Ecological function of artificial versus natural reefs in the Northern Gulf of Mexico 11:00 Stunz, Greg Artificial reefs in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico as fisheries habitat 11:15 Puritz, Jonathan Genomic tools for assessment of natural and artificial reefs and formation of a joint HRI and TAMU-CC marine genomics core facility 11:30 Truchon, Stephen An assessment of offshore platform decommissioning alternatives using ecosystem services 11:45 Chávez, Ernesto A. Fisheries of the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean coral reefs 12:00 Powers, Sean Preparing for ecosystem-based management: a fishery-independent sampling program for reef fish in the Northern Gulf of Mexico 12:15 Lindberg, William Comprehensive artificial reef program meets Florida stakeholder needs 12:30-14:00 Lunch Concurrent Session: Lionfish in the Market - Challenges and Opportunities. Preregistration required (Contacts: Lad Akins, REEF and James Morris, NOAA) Socio-Economics (Moderator: Patrick McConney, CERMES) 14:00 Gill, David * The economic value of reef-associated fishing: case studies from three countries in the wider Caribbean 14:10 Mikuni, Nariaki Economic activities which strengthen the social cohesion among fishermen and promote the co-management 14:20 Box, Stephen Modeling the economic benefits of applying new spatial management and traceability tools to a low governance fishery 14:30 Chollett, Iliana Mapping the cost of an artisanal fishery 14:40 Salas, Silvia Analysis of fishermen performance in small-scale fisheries of the Yucatan Coast, Mexico 14:50 Keithly, Walter The Gulf of Mexico shrimp processing sector and adaption to increasing imports 15:00 Bretos, Fernando Fishermen learning exchanges for conservation: an examination of lessons learned 15:10 Burrows, Felicity M. Enhancing management of the Bahamas spiny lobster fishery for the future 15:20 Tizol, Rafael Current state and management of fisheries resources in Cuba 15:30 Baldwin, Kimberly Demonstrating the effectiveness of a Participatory Geographic Information Systems (PGIS) approach in supporting ecosystem-based marine management for fisheries 15:40 Bonilla, Sara Artisanal Fisheries of the Bay Islands in Honduras: Socioeconomic Importance and Community participation in Marine Resource Management 15:50 Blackman, Katherine 16:00 Coffee break Working towards a code for sustainable fisheries with the Conset Bay Fishing Community in Barbados *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement ii

6 The GCFI Fisher Forum (Moderator: Patrick McConney, CERMES) 16:15 Will Heyman, Session Chairman 16:20 Don de Maria, Fisher, Florida USA 16:40 Mitchell Lay, Fisher, Antigua and Barbuda 16:50 Angelica Mendez, Fisher, Guatemala 17:00 Andres Maldonado, Fisher, Puerto Rico 17:10 Benny Gallaway, Scientist, USA 17:20 Patrick McConney, Moderator 17:45 Eddie Toomer, winner; Mitchell Lay, Committee Chair 18:00 Close Introduction to F4F and the 2013 Fishers Forum theme The value of fishermen and scientists working together Collaborating on sharks in Antigua and Barbuda Collaboration in the Guatemala fishers network Together to the bottom of the ocean Collaborative science supports shrimp industry management Discussion and session close Gladding Memorial Award Presentation 18:30 Informal Reception & Welcome Address: Robert Glazer, Executive Director, GCFI 20:00 Tri-national Marine Science Meeting Tuesday, November 5 Concurrent Activities: Fisher Forum Field Trip ( ). Contact persons: Will Heyman, ERA Assoc. and Mitchell Lay, Caribbean Fisherfolks Association Concurrent Break-Out Session: UNEP-CEP/SPAW RAC/NOAA/GCFI Session of MPAs Listed Under SPAW Protocol. Contact person: Alessandra Vanzella-Khouri (UNEP) Evaluation and Applications of Data-Limited Stock Assessment Methods (Moderators: Bill Michaels and Mandy Karnauskas, NOAA) (Sponsored by NOAA) 8:00 Michaels, Bill Building a collaborative strategy for the assessment of data deficient fisheries in the Caribbean region 8:15 Babcock, Elizabeth The influence of uncertainty in life history parameters on the estimation of status using low-data assessment methods *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement iii

7 8:30 Benson, Kristopher Evaluating approaches for improving data-limited stock assessments across Caribbean jurisdictions 8:45 Fujita, Rod A framework for applying data limited analytical methods to fishery management 9:00 Karnauskas, Mandy Generating fisheries management advice in data-limited situations: examples from the U.S. South Atlantic and Caribbean 9:15 Cooper, Wade A modified catch survey analysis for assessing northern Gulf of Mexico blue crabs 9:30 Keithly, Walter Limitations associated with establishing a catch share program in a data poor fishery: a case study of the Puerto Rican deep water snapper fishery 9:45 Nowlis, Josh Casting deeper and more widely to perform stock-specific fisheries assessments when data are sparse 10:00 Coffee Break 10:15 Richardson, Laura 10:30 Heyman, William 10:45 Pavlowich, Tyler Cayman Islands Marine Protected Areas, enhancing a 27 year legacy Let them come to you: Improving assessment and management of data poor fisheries in the snapper-grouper complex Using present-day details of coral-reef fishers harvest, including taxonomic and size-structure, to support ecosystem-based fisheries management in Montecristi National Park, Dominican Republic Governance- Recreational Fisheries (Moderator: Graciela Garcia-Moliner, NOAA CFMC) (Sponsored by GCFI) 11:00 Mahon, Robin Assessing Emerging Regional Ocean Governance Arrangements in the Wider Caribbean Region 11:10 Selliah, Neetha An institutional assessment and strengthening initiative for the Conset Bay fishing community in Barbados 11:20 Maharaj, Ben From open access fishery to territorial use rights in fisheries (TURF) systems: a socio-economic perspective on the implications for the artisanal fishing sector posed by the transition between systems of governance 11:30 Sidman, Charles A participatory co-management strategy for the use of fish aggregation devices in Dominica and St. Vincent to sustain the Caribbean pelagic fishery and communities that depend on it 11:40 Lorenzen, Kai Stakeholder perspectives on goliath grouper management in Florida 11:50 Garner, Steven B. 12:00 Lashley, Derrick * 12:10 Wallen, Kenneth 12:30-14:00 Lunch Break Observer-based estimates of reef fish catch and discard rates during open and closed recreational seasons for red snapper in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Monitoring and evaluation of small-scale fisheries management using simple performance indicators Response rate decline, survey methodology, and implications for Texas fisheries management *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement iv

8 Lionfish Biology, Control, and Management (Moderators: James Morris, NOAA and Lad Akins, REEF)(Sponsored by NOAA) 14:00 Tester, Pat Invasive lionfish and ciguatera fish poisoning in the Gulf and Caribbean: what do we really know? 14:10 Wilcox, Christie 14:20 Castillo II, Bernard Expression profile of venom proteins in Pterois volitans implications for ciguatoxin detection Preliminary results: screening of ciguatera toxins found in indo-pacific lionfish (Pterois volitans) in St. Croix, US Virgin Islands 14:30 Diaz, Nicholas Lionfish ciguatoxicity risk assessment in French Antilles 14:40 Chapman, Jennifer 14:50 Bolaños, Nacor 15:00 Lozano, Ricardo G 15:10 McCreedy, Cliff 15:20 Chevalier, Pedro 15:30 Fernández, Alexis Obstacles and opportunities in developing commercial markets for invasive lionfish - lessons learnt from Belize Colombia's Contributions to regional efforts the countries wider Caribbean for the lionfish control Regional strategy for invasive lionfish in the wider Caribbean region Lionfish control in U.S. National Parks Lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles: Scorpaenidae) in Cuba, abundance, distribution and ecological relationships First parasitological records at Lionfish, Pterois volitans (Linnaeus, 1758) for Cuban waters 15:40 Eddy, Corey * Preliminary analysis of lionfish (Pterois volitans and P. miles) populations in Bermuda 15:50 Dark, Emily * Investigation of lionfish (P. volitans/miles) use of estuarine mangroves in the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA 16:00 Coffee Break 16:20 Caballero, Hansel 16:30 Curtis-Quick, Jocelyn Comparative results of the feeding ecology of invasive lionfish (Pterois volitans/miles: Scorpaenidae) in Cuba: Interactions between the Caribbean spiny lobster, Panulirus argus, and invasive lionfish, Pterois volitans: who displaces whom? 16:40 Dahl, Kristen Diet of the invasive Pacific lionfish, Pterois volitans, on natural and artificial reefsin the Northern Gulf of Mexico 16:50 Sealy, Shekira Mitochondrial DNA (Mtdna) haplotype diversity of the invasive lionfish in Barbados 17:00 Fogg, Alexander* 17:10 Lazarre, Dominique * Northern Gulf of Mexico lionfish: distribution and reproductive life history trajectories Lionfish bycatch in the Florida Keys commercial spiny lobster fishery 17:20 Ali, Fadilah Does removal work? A one year comparison of lionfish removal efforts at Klein Bonaire 17:30 Green, Stephanie Fishing derbies for invasive lionfish: a tool for public engagement and population control 17:40 Selwyn, Jason Decadal changes in reef fish recruitment at Turneffe Atoll, Belize: before and after lionfish invasion *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement v

9 19:00-21:00 POSTER SESSION Hosted by GCFI (Sponsored by GCFI, University of Texas Marine Science Institute, and TAMUCC Department of Life Sciences/College of Science and Engineering) Poster Session Coordinator: Read Hendon USM 20:00-21:00 Café Socio-Económico Abril-Howard, Omar Adams, Chuck Aiken, Karl Alcolado, Pedro Ali, Fadilah Andrino, Sergio Annandale, Senifa Arney, Rachel Artero, Céline Baldwin, Kimberly Ballesteros, Carlos Bayuelo, Verena Beaufort, Océane Bertelsen, Rodney Box, Stephen Burton, Michael Chalifour, Julien Chapman, Jennifer Chong Sánchez, Fabiola * Posters Design, development and manufacture of insulated boxes for improving postcapture management and cold chain, in fishery products in the archipelago of san Andres, Providence and Santa Catalina The contribution of artificial reef use to the coastal economies of Florida First observation sea cucumbers on Jamaica's island shelf Resilience in reef crests of the east of the gulf of Batabanó, Cuba, and probable determining factors The Role of Education In Lionfish Control and Management In The Caribbean The infestation and mitigate the impacts of lionfish in the Caribbean Guatemalan Tracking parrotfishes (Scarus rubroviolaceus and Scarus psittacus) using acoustic telemetry on a Hawaiian coral reef system Assessing the recruitment of juvenile fish through the use of standard monitoring units (SMURFs) at the South Padre Island culvert reef Non-lethal aging of goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) in French Guiana A Participatory Marine Resource & Space-use Information System for the Grenadine Islands: The Sandy Island Oyster Bed Marine Protected Area Study and conservation actions of key species in the San Andres, Old Providence and Kethleena Archipelago, Seaflower Biosphere Reserve Ovarian histological development of spiny lobster, Panulirus argus (latreille, 1804), in the coastal zone of Atlantic department, Colombian Caribbean A land based monitoring technique to study the abundance and the distribution of lemon sharks juveniles (Negaprion brevirostris) in the Nature Reserve of the islets of Petite Terre (Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles) An analysis of spiny lobster movement patterns: A comparison of two subpopulations residing north and south of the Florida Keys, Florida, USA Lobster Artificial Shelters: Financial Alternatives for Responsible Managing of Fishing Areas, Pilot Project in Punta Gorda and Guanaja, Bay Islands, Honduras Age and growth characteristics of lesser known species of reef fish from the southeastern United States The National Natural Reserve of Saint-Martin: a well-managed and recognized marine, terrestrial and lake protected area All boom and no bust as the lionfish invasion progresses in Bacalar Chico Marine Reserve, Belize Conditioning of conch Strombus Pugilis Linnaeus,1758 with laboratory formulated diets *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement vi

10 Coelho, Eleine Coxey, Mariana De los Angeles, Maria Delgado, Gabriel Dimens, Pavel Dolan, Tara Downey, Charles H. Downey-Wall, Alan Eck, Alicia Eckert, Ryan J. Biorock Production for Reef Restoration Spatial fidelity of juvenile goliath groupers, Epinephelus itajara, in a mangrove area - implications for conservation Sustainable fisheries in the western Cuban archipelago: the role of environmental education Queen Conch demography influences reproductive behavior and fecundity: Implications for fisheries management Using a landing cradle to fill the data gap left by really big fish Effect of season and scale on power to detect change in mangrove fish assemblages Vertical longline gear performance on artificial reefs of the Texas Coastal Bend Characterization of diet composition of the lionfish, Pterois volitans, at Turneffe Atoll, Belize Glover's Reef Marine Reserve (GRMR) charting the way forward for improved MPA management in Belize Ciguatera Fish Poisoning in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Embesi, John Benthic community composition associated with a gas platform, High Island A- 389-A, located within the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary Eristhee, Newton Eristhee, Newton Faletti, Meaghan Figueredo Martín, Tamara Figueredo Martín, Tamara Forbes, Trisha Forde, Romel Froehlich, Catheline Garcia, Andres Gervain, Paul Giglio, Vinícius González, Marian * Gourdin, Franck Granados-Dieseldorff, Pablo Gray, Jana A preliminary analysis of community-based live fish monitoring in four fish sanctuaries in Jamaica A socioeconomic and livelihood assessment of fishers in communities adjacent to Sandy Island Oyster bed MPA (SIOBMPA) in the Grenadine Island of Carriacou Novel predator, novel habitat: A diet analysis and experimental test of the ecological effects of invasive lionfish in Florida Bay Recreational fisheries in jardines de la reina, Cuba. Characterization and perception about the conservation status of the area Methodology for the Monitoring of Public use in Marine Protected Areas Translocation and restocking of the queen conch, Strombus gigas in the central zone of marine protected area Seaflower, Colombia Understanding aspects of the Barbados deep-water snapper fishery as a social-ecological system Fish diversity differs among varying patchiness of culvert reefs in the South Padre Island Reef, Texas A comparison of site fidelity and habitat use of red snapper on two South Texas artificial reefs utilizing acoustic telemetry FADs use as a tool to observe marine currents Goliath grouper, Epinephelus itajara on Natural and Artificial reefs in Brazil: a participative survey Composition and spatial variation in the diet of Lutjanus synagris (Lutjanidae: Lutjaninae) on the north coast of Yucatan, Mexico Eighteen Protected Areas from the Wider Caribbean listed by Parties under the SPAW Protocol Beyond aggregated catch data: intra-annual dynamics of the data-poor mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis) fishery at Gladden Spit, Belize Abundance and distribution of the marsh clam Rangia cuneata in the Mission- Aransas National Estuarine Research Reserve *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement vii

11 Gundam, Madhuri Harms, Chelsea Hernández, Oscar Hurtado, Julio * Jacobo Cabral, Selene Erantzcani Joginipelly, Arjun Kumar* Johnston, Michelle Keithly, Walter Kelly, Michael Kitchens, Larissa Knowles, Lindy Kormanec, Marshall Labban, Shamanti Legare, Bryan Lou Allen Hightower, Crystal Lozano-Beltrán, Germán Lundy, Agnessa Madden, Hannah Mahon, Robin Matos, Daniel McCoy, Croy McGlaun, Kimberly McNaught, Michelle Mellinger, Julie Merten, Wessley * Moncada, Felix Automatic fish classification in underwater video Digestion rate analysis of fish prey items in lionfish (Pterois volitans) What is the role of diatoms in feeding of queen conch, Strombus gigas? Mitochondrial genome organization and phylogeographic analyses in Mithrax spinosissimus (Crustacea: Brachyura), an important species for artisanal fisheries in the Caribbean sea Implemented actions to control lionfish (Pterois sp.)in the "Parque Nacional Arrecife de Puerto Morelos", Quintana Roo, México Species-specific fish feature extraction using Gabor filters Indo-Pacific Lionfishes (Pterois volitans/miles) invade the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary in the Northwest Gulf of Mexico Gulf of Mexico Red Snapper IFQ Program Survey Assessment: Change in Attitude of the Fishermen Understanding the stakeholders in the Caribbean sportfishing community: The potential for sportfishing devlopment in the Caribbean Discrimination of chemical signatures in otoliths of juvenile yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) from nursery areas in the Atlantic Ocean Bonefish Pond National Park Restoration: Increased Management Effectiveness through Community Restoration Projects Comparisons of age and growth parameters of red snapper (Lutjanus campechanus) at an artificial reef and at a natural shelf-edge reef The Reef Fishery in St.Vincent Quantify oyster (Crassostrea virginica) habitat by coupling acoustic technologies within Texas bays and estuaries Examining Current Mercury Concentrations in northern Gulf of Mexico Red Drum Population aspects of blunttooth swimcrab (Callinectes bocourti) and blue crab (C. sapidus) from Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta northwest area, Colombian Caribbean Establishing Acropora coral nurseries throughout the Bahamas Assessment of the Breeding Success of Red-billed Tropic birds on St Eustatius Assessment of governance arrangements for Pedro Bank, Jamaica Portrait of the Deep water snapper in Puerto Rico during Marine Protected Areas, Reef Resiliency and the prevalence of Coral Diseases & compromised reef health in the Cayman Islands, North West Caribbean Depredation of catch by bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) and observation of Atlantic spotted dolphin (Stenella frontalis) in the Gulf of Mexico commercial reef fish fishery A mixed management approach - artificial reefs and fish sanctuaries - towards fisheries enhancement Preliminary study of Halophila stipulacea, an invasive species of marine Magnoliophyta in Guadeloupe Island (Lesser Antilles) Spatial differentiation of dolphinfish (Coryphaena hippurus) movements relative to the Bahamian archipelago Effect of season closures on populations of sea turtles in Cuba. Case study: south of Isla de la Juventud *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement viii

12 Monnereau, Iris Moretzsohn, Fabio Mulcahy, Lisa Nuttall, Marissa F. Olaya-Nieto, Charles W. Orozco Toro, Carlos Andres * Pattengill-Semmens, Christy Pelc, Robin Pena, Maria Peterson, Mark Pilnick, Aaron Pitt, Joanna Quinn, Norman Randall, Landes * Rangel Medrano, Jose David Renan, Ximena Renchen, Gabrielle F. Renoux, Romain Reynolds, Emily Richardson, Laura Richardson, Laura Robertson, Morven Rodriguez Gil, Luis Alfonso Rodriguez Gil, Luis Alfonso Are Small-Island Developing States fisheries really that vulnerable to climate change GulfBase as a tool to foster research collaborations and better disaster preparedness Using volunteer educators to enhance MPA outreach: Lessons learned Fish Communities Associated with Benthic Biological Zones at the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary and other Banks in the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico Trophic ecology of Guabino (Pisces: Eleotridae) in the Cordoba s Caribbean Sea, Colombia Isotopic Composition of 15 N and 13 C in sponge tissues as an Indicator of human sewage impacts on reef systems at San Andres Island, Colombian Caribbean Patterns of rarity of reef fishes in the Caribbean Basin Successes and challenges in achieving sustainability in Gulf and Caribbean Fisheries: A conservation perspective Socio-economic assessments in the Caribbean: synthesis of CERMESimplemented SocMon projects Impacts of Oil Spill Disasters on Marine Fisheries and their Habitats in North America - a new book of current Deepwater Horizon research including reviews of the Exxon Valdez and Ixtoc I spills Visualizing hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico Efforts to develop a lionfish-specific trap for use in Bermuda waters Coral bleaching in Arrecifes de Cozumel National Park Cozumel, Mexico, after the passing of Tropical Storm Rina in October 2011 Habitat characteristics of flyingfish (family Exocoetidae) larvae in the northern Gulf of Mexico Mitochondrial DNA variation in queen conch Strombus gigas from archipelago of San Andres, Old Providence and Santa Catalina, Sea Flower Biosphere Reserve Age and growth of Epinephelus morio from Southern Gulf of Mexico Translating scientific data to knowledge: educating stakeholders on trap impacts Inventory of crustaceans, molluscs and echinoderms in Guadeloupe and Saint- Martin, French West Indies : an exceptional, underestimated biodiversity Hydroacoustic and video surveys at toppled and standing petroleum platforms in the northern Gulf of Mexico: community structure and implications for fisheries management Impacts of recreational and artisanal fisheries, Cayman Islands, Caribbean Estimating marine reserve effects through quantification of macro-algal biomass, Cayman Islands An analysis of the spatial distribution and impacts of recreational lobster diving and spear fishing activities in Bermuda Management of the Fishery, Sea Cucumber with Ecosystem Approach to the Coast of Yucatan, Mexico Drawbacks of the Conversion of Processed Weight to Live Weight in the Tracking of Sea Cucumber Fishing Quotas, Isostichopus baniodotus, in the State of Yucatan, Mexico *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement ix

13 Rojas, Anthony Rojas, Anthony Rojas, Anthony Rose, Kathryn Rossard, Thibaud Rupe, Blake* Salas, Silvia Samuels, Coretta Santos-Valencia, Josefina Schärer-Umpierre, Michelle Schwartzkopf, Brittany Sedberry, George Segura-Guevara, Fredys F. Simpson, Nikola Spear,Natalie Streich, Matthew Swenarton, MaryKate Trotta, Kristina* Vallès, Henri Vasquez, Diana Wang, Huabo * Wilson, Rich Wood, Jehroum Zimmermann, Danielle Description of the Fishery, in the Archipelago of San Andres,Providencia and Santa Catalina, Biosphere Reserve Seaflower Implementation of a program of environmental and fisheries observers "SEAWATCHER" in the SEAFLOWER Biosphere Reserve, Archipelago of San Andrés, Providencia and Santa Catalina Distribution and abundance of the spiny lobster Panulirus argus, in the southern sector of the Marine Protected Area of the SEAFLOWER biosphere reserve Gulf of Mexico Data Atlas: Digital Data Discovery and Access Trophic ethology of the lionfish Pterois volitans in Guadeloupe Island (Lesser Antilles) Quantification and classification of garbage presence and marine debris along the coasts of the Veracruz, Veracruz, Mexico Pilot assessment of the spatial distribution of artisanal fishing vessels in the Southeastern Mexico through VMS. Challenges and opportunties Enhanching stewardship within Fisherfolk Organisation Octopus (Octopus maya) biomass evaluation in the Yucatan peninsula during 2012 Management Applications of Black grouper (Mycteroperca bonaci) Sounds at Spawning Aggregations Seasonal relationships of caloric density and liver weight of red snapper on natural hard-bottom banks and artificial reefs in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico Finfisheries associated with deep-sea sponge-coral ecosystems off the southeastern U.S. Reproductive biology of Parassi mullet Mugil incilis Hancock, 1830 in the Cordoba s Caribbean sea Description of the spear fishing effort on the reefs of Barbados Age and growth validation of the common thresher shark (Alopias vulpinus) in the northeastern Pacific Ocean Relative abundance and size structure of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, across habitat types in the northwestern Gulf of Mexico Population biology of Pterois volitans in the coastal waters of Northeast Florida Pelagic recreational fishing and economic growth in Colombia The utility of simple coral reef fish community metrics as indicators for Ecosystem-Based Fisheries Management in the Caribbean Designing an exclusive area for artisanal fisheries a viable alternative for the communities of the Moskitia, Honduras Quality versus Quantity for Aggregate Household Seafood Consumption and Relevant Southeast U.S. Species Launch of the UNEP-CEP/CaMPAM Mentorship Program:Using Caribbean MPA management expertise to expedite the dissemination of best practices Incorporating GIS into Socioeconomic Monitoring for Coastal Managers (SocMon) A Comparison of Trophic Structure Among Artificial Reefs of the Northwestern Gulf of Mexico *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement x

14 Wednesday, November 6 7:00-8:15 MEETING OF THE GCFI MEMBERSHIP (Everyone is welcome - Learn about GCFI) Concurrent Workshop NOAA Workshop: Evaluate the current status of and explore applications of data-limited stock assessment methods in the larger Caribbean region (Pre-registration required) Demersal Fisheries (Moderator: Alfonso Aguilar-Perera, Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán) (Sponsored by GCFI) 8:30 Brulé, Thierry Reproductive strategy of some grouper species from the Gulf of Mexico: implication for adequate management of the grouper fishery from the Yucatan Peninsula, Mexico 8:40 Ferreira, Beatrice Age and growth of the goliath grouper Epinephelus itajara in Brazil 8:50 Bertoncini, Áthila Projeto Meros do Brasil Photo-iD: First insights of goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara, Epinephelidae) population and movements at Fernando de Noronha National Marine Park 9:00 Moulton, David* Movement and habitat use of subadult red drum (Sciaenops ocellatus) and spotted seatrout (Cynoscion nebulosus) in the Mission-Aransas National Estuarine Research Reserve 9:10 Miller, Skylar * Preliminary analysis of reef fish settlement patterns in Eleuthera, Bahamas 9:20 Nunez, Enrique Composition and trophic structure of the fish communities of the Bank of Campeche reefs, Gulf of Mexico 9:30 Hicks, David Assessing fish communities of six remnant coralgal reefs off the south Texas coast 9:40 Quattrini, Andrea Deep reef fish assemblages of the north central and northeastern Gulf of Mexico 10:00 Donaldson, Terry Location is everything: differential mating success of wrasses at a mating site impacted by diver fish feeding 10:00 Coffee Break (Moderator: Pablo Granados-Dieseldorff, Texas A&M) 10:30 Luckhurst, Brian E. Biomass of parrotfishes (Scaridae) and surgeonfishes (Acanthuridae) increased significantly following Bermuda s fish pot ban 10:40 Bozec, Yves-Marie Modelling population dynamics of Caribbean parrotfish 10:50 Dromard, Charlotte Diversity of trophic niches among Scaridae (Guadeloupe, Lesser Antilles) *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xi

15 Natural and Artificial Reef Fisheries, Research, and Conservation (continued) (Moderator: Matthew Ajemian, HRI) (Sponsored by HRI) 11:00 Ajemian, Matthew Micro-ROV survey methodology for submerged oil and gas platform artificial reefs 11:10 Jarrell Wetz, Jennifer Fish community structure and abundance on Texas artificial reefs: a preliminary assessment 11:20 Lindberg, William Rationale and evaluation of an artificial reef system designed for enhanced growth and survival of juvenile gag, Mycteroperca microlepis 11:30 Kingon, Kelly* Communities at nearby artificial and natural reefs, similar or not? 11:40 Benson, Kristopher Gap analysis for the application of artificial reefs as habitat restoration 11:50 Barans, Charles Long-term residency of benthic fishes at an artificial patch reef using hourly ultra-short videos 12:00 Borges Souza, Jose Manuel Influence of structural complexity on the biomass of the fish community in seven artificial reefs Campeche Bank, Mexico 12:10 Tarnecki, Joseph Diet and trophic ecology of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus, on natural and artificial reefs in the Northern Gulf of Mexico 12:20-13:30 Lunch Departing/ Returning Time 13:30-18:00 *13:00-18:00 13:30-18:00 13:30-18:00 Field Trips Padre Island National Seashore Trip *Whooping Crane Boat Trip Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Marine Development Center Tour University of Texas, Marine Science Institute Tour *This trip departs at 13:00 (1:00 PM) Concurrent Activity: SCRFA Board meeting 19:30 CINEFISH: Moderator: Elena Kobrinski (HRI) (Sponsored by TAMUCC Office of Research, Commercialization, and Outreach) *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xii

16 Thursday, November 7 7:00-9:00 BOARD OF DIRECTORS MEETING Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) (A CaMPAM Activity) (Moderator: Georgina Bustamante, CaMPAM) (Sponsored by NOAA) 8:15 Castro Gonzalez, Erick Richard Seaflower Marine Protected Area: Progress report on the implementation and future challenges 8:30 Clark, Randy Baseline ecological assessment of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary: informing design of a research area 8:45 Harvey, Olando Stakeholder led co-management governance regimes: the new paradigm for marine protected areas in Grenada, West Indies 9:00 Fulton, Stuart Coral reef monitoring with fishers participation in Quintana Roo, Mexico: building social capital to preserve marine ecosystems 9:15 Márquez Llauger, Lázaro Coordinated management in a zone under special use and protection in the marine area of the Guanahacabibes National Park, Cuba 9:30 Prada, Martha Management and conservation of reef biodiversity and reef fisheries pilot project: A successful CLME pilot project in the Seaflower MPA 9:45 Eck, Alicia Glovers Reef Marine Reserves (GRMR) charting the way forward for improved MPA management in Belize 10:00 Coffee Break (Moderator: Erick Castro, CORALINA) 10:30 Wolfs, Esther The total economic value of nature on Bonaire 10:45 Kyne, Fabian Evaluating MPA success as a function of Management 11:00 Nash, Harriet Mapping the South Texas Banks 11:15 Torres-Irineo, Edgar Protected areas and fishing activities in the Gulf of Mexico and the Mexican Caribbean. What needs to be learned? 11:30 Khan, Zaidy Learning from Global MPA Networks: seeking greater involvement of small-scale fishing communities in MPA design, implementation and management 11:45 Brugneaux, Sophie 12:00 Hurley, Shannan* The Regional Strategic Analysis: a tool for planning and zoning marine protected areas for the French Territories of the Caribbean The current status of Marine Protected Areas in the Western Central Atlantic 12:10 Davila, Claudia* Composition of the fisheries in the National Park Reef System in Veracruz 12:30-14:00 Lunch *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xiii

17 Fish Spawning Aggregations (Moderators: Martin Russell and Yvonne Sadovy; SCRFA) (Sponsored by GCFI) 14:00 Russell, Martin Want to know about fish aggregations globally? We have a web database! 14:15 Appeldoorn, Richard Corroborating fishermen s knowledge of red hind spawning aggregation sites using passive acoustic mapping techniques 14:30 Heppell, Scott Behavior, hyperstability, and population declines of an aggregating marine fish 14:45 Canty, Steven The last of the aggregations: validation of an extant grouper spawning aggregation in Honduras 15:00 Granados- Dieseldorff, Pablo 15:15 Aguilar-Perera, Alfonso Retrospective socio-ecological analysis of the mutton snapper (Lutjanus analis) spawning aggregation fishery at Gladden Spit, Belize An obituary for a traditional aggregation site of Nassau grouper in the Mexican Caribbean 15:25 Ruffo, Ashley # Acoustic tracking of yellowtail parrotfish (Sparisoma rubripinne) at spawning aggregations in Reef Bay, St. John USVI 15:35 Bueno, Leonardo* When do goliath grouper, Epinephelus itajara (Epinephelidae) aggregate in South Brazil? 15:45 Ellis, Robert * Spawning-related movement patterns of goliath grouper (Epinephelus itajara) off the Atlantic coast of Florida 16:00 Coffee Break 16:20 Heyman, William 16:35 Schärer- Umpierre, Michelle Biogeography of transient reef fish spawning aggregations in the Caribbean: a synthesis for future research and management Nassau grouper (Epinephelus striatus) fish spawning aggregations in the US Caribbean 16:50 Semmens, Brice Linking recordings of fish vocalization with observations of spawning behavior on a multi-species fish spawning aggregation 17:05 Taylor, Chris Reef fish spawning aggregations (FSAs) in the Florida Keys: an update 17:20 Nemeth, Richard S. Temporal patterns and behavioral characteristics of aggregation formation and spawning in the Bermuda Chub (Kyphosus sectatrix) 17:35 Sadovy, Yvonne Sad farewell to C. Lavett-Smith s iconic Nassau spawning aggregation site 17:50 Yvonne Sadovy and Martin Russell # SCRFA Student Travel Award Conclusion 18:30-19:30 Reception at Texas State Aquarium 19:30-20:30 Banquet at Texas State Aquarium (Sponsored by Texas State Aquarium and TAMUCC/HRI) *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xiv

18 Friday, November 8 Concurrent Activity: CaMPAM Mentorship MPA session (Moderators: Georgina Bustamante, CaMPAM and Rich Wilson, SEATONE) Invertebrate Science and Management (Moderator: Ronald Hill, NOAA) (Sponsored by GCFI) 8:15 Rios, Veronica Assessment of aggregation capacity of "casitas" (artificial shelters) for lobster Panulirus argus in the coastal area of Celestun, Yucatan, Mexico 8:30 Horsford, Ian Biology, status and current management of the Caribbean spiny lobster (Panulirus argus) in Antigua and Barbuda 8:45 Shivlani, Manoj A social history of the Florida Keys commercial spiny lobster fishery and management effects: Lessons for sustainable fishing communities 9:00 Olsen, David A study of resource status of Virgin Islands spiny lobsters through a collaboration between the Caribbean Council and Virgin Islands fishermen 9:15 Alegría, Andrés 9:30 Truelove, Nathan* 9:40 Noguez Núñez, Mariana* 9:50 Santana, Pablo Alberto* 10:00 Coffee Break Use of artificial reefs in the Caribbean spiny lobster fishery: Review of key biophysical requirements and best management practices for a successful project and analysis of its potential development in Honduras Genetic population structure of Caribbean spiny lobster between advective and retentive oceanographic environments What does the queen conch behavior and how it uses its habitat? Effort and reproductive seasonality and spawning of the queen conch Strombus gigas Moderator: Dalila Aldana, CINVESTAV 10:30 Nunez, Mayra Market chain study for national consumption of queen conch (Strombus gigas) in Honduras 10:45 Berry, Charlotte A. Queen conch aggregation demographics and habitat associations near Port Everglades inlet, FL 11:00 Hill, Ronald Using fishery-independent surveys to estimate densities of queen conch, Strombus gigas, populations in St. Croix, U. S. Virgin Islands 11:15 Tewfik, Alexander 11:30 Rogers, Arlenie 11:45 Santos- Valencia, Josefina 12:00 Japaud, Aurélien* 12:10 Melendez, Laila* Seagrass community responses to the decline in Queen conch (Strombus gigas) populations Assessment of the sea cucumber fishery in Belize Sexual maturity, reproductive seasonality and oviposition of the lightning whelk Busycon perversum (Linneé, 1758) in the continental shelf of Yucatan, Mexico Populations genetic study of the corals Acropora palmata and Acropora cervicornis of Guadeloupe (French West Indies) in view of their preservation Development of juvenile blue crab (Callinectes sapidus) growth models *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xv

19 12:20 Bravo-Reyes, Mara* 12:30-14:00 Lunch Analysis of fishermen opinion on sea cucumber fishing regulations established on the coast of Yucatan, Mexico Habitat and Ecosystems (Moderator: Tom Matthews, FL FWC) (Sponsored by GCFI) 14:10 Beltre, Marcia Willingness to pay of Sanchez's fishermen for preserving mangroves in the Bajo Yuna National Park, located in Samana bay, Dominican Republic 14:20 Tuz-Sulub, Armin 14:30 Guggenheim, David A preliminary analysis of the populations of sea cucumber, Holothuria floridana and H. Mexico, as the mark-recapture method in waters off the coast of Campeche, Mexico Advancing coastal community sustainability and restoring coral reefs and eroded coastal areas in the Caribbean with small-scale wave energy buoys 14:40 Hill, Ronald Linkages between habitats are essential for reef fishes 14:50 Glenn, Hilary A comparison of reproductive potential of red snapper, Lutjanus campechanus: natural and artificial habitats in the Northern Gulf of Mexico 15:00 Louon, Laura Literature review and gap analysis on the sources and effects of non-extractive stressors on coral reef ecosystems Pelagic Fisheries/Aquaculture (Moderator: Jim Franks, USM) 15:20 Brown-Peterson, Nancy Aspects of the reproductive biology of yellowfin tuna, Thunnus albacares, in the northern Gulf of Mexico 15:30 Matheu, Heloïse Does FAD deployment have a real effect on fishing redeployment towards offshore resources? 15:40 Fässler, Sascha A review of the small pelagics fishery resources of the Dutch Caribbean * Student (10 minute presentation) 15:50 Coffee Break Awards and Closing Ceremony 16:15 STUDENT AWARD PRESENTATIONS GCFI Outstanding Student Achievement Awards Ronald L. Schmied Scholarship Student Travel Awards 17:00 King Fish Trio LIVE 17:30 Closing Bell *Student competing for Outstanding Student Award for Academic Achievement xvi

20 S

21 DISEÑO, DESARROLLO Y FABRICACIÓN DE CAVAS ISOTÉRMICAS PARA EL MEJORAMIENTO DE MANEJO POST-CAPTURA Y CADENA DE FRIO, EN PRODUCTOS PESQUEROS EN EL ARCHIPIÉLAGO DE SAN ANDRÉS, PROVIDENCIA Y SANTA CATALINA DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND MANUFACTURE OF INSULATED BOXES FOR IMPROVING POST-CAPTURE MANAGEMENT AND COLD CHAIN, IN FISHERY PRODUCTS IN THE ARCHIPELAGO OF SAN ANDRES, PROVIDENCE AND SANTA CATALINA CONCEPTION, DÉVELOPPEMENT ET FABRICATION DE CONSERVATEURS ISOTHERMES POUR L AMÉLIORATION DE LA MANIPULATION POST-CAPTURE ET DE LA CHAÎNE DU FROID, POUR LES PRODUITS DE LA PÈCHE DE L ARCHIPEL DE SAN ANDRÉS, PROVIDENCE ET SANTA CATALINA OMAR ABRIL-HOWARD y HEINS BENT HOOKER Secretaria de Agricultura y Pesca gobernacion departamental San Andres islas San Andres Islas, Colombia, RESUMEN En el Archipiélago de San Andrés, Providencia y Santa Catalina (RB Seaflower), la pesca artesanal está ligada fuertemente por tradición a la cultura de sus nativos, quienes han ejercido la pesca y agricultura para su sustento diario. Principalmente se realiza sobre las plataformas adyacentes a las islas, se lleva a cabo en embarcaciones de madera y/o fibra de vidrio, con tamaños desde los 12 hasta los 28 pies, con autonomía de 50 millas aproximadamente. El aumento del esfuerzo pesquero sobre los ecosistemas que soportan esta pesquería, ha generado que el pescador artesanal deba desplazarse a zonas de pesca más distantes para garantizar una buena producción. Debido a esto, los pescadores artesanales han venido desarrollando faenas de pesca con un tiempo promedio de 8 a 15 horas, con una captura entre 5 a 100 kg, dejando el producto pesquero en la cubierta, expuesto al sol o en algunos casos cubiertos con una manta. Este comportamiento se ha venido realizando porque los pescadores han considerado poco importante el proceso de la cadena de frío, ya que culturalmente nunca se ha desarrollado esta práctica para estos periodos de tiempo. El objetivo de este trabajo fue diseñar una cava que garantice la cadena de frio y promueva las buenas prácticas para estas faenas. El material de fabricación fue la fibra de vidrio reforzada con resina poliéster y espuma de poliuretano. En prueba realizada en campo se puedo determinar que la perdida de temperatura de la cava en condiciones ambientales normales (20 a 29 grados Celsius), fue de un grado por hora. La aplicación de cadena de frio mejoraría, las condiciones del producto pesquero. 1 PALABRAS CLAVES: R.B. Seaflower, cavas, cadena en frío, faena de pesca, producto pesquero

22 THE CONTRIBUTION OF ARTIFICIAL REEF USE TO THE COASTAL ECONOMIES OF FLORIDA LA CONTRIBUCION DEL USO DE ARRECIFES ARTIFICALES PARA LAS ECONOMIAS COSTERAS DE FLORIDA LA CONTRIBUTION DE L'UTILISATION DE RECIFS ARTIFICIELS POUR LES ECONOMIES COTIERES DE LA FLORIDE CHUCK ADAMS 1, WILLIAM LINDBERG 2, and JOHN STEVELY 3 1 University of Florida Florida Sea Grant PO Box Gainesville, FL USA 2 University of Florida PO Box Gainesville Florida USA 3 University of Florida th St. West Palmetto Florida USA 2 Florida reportedly has more permitted artificial reefs that any other state in the US. Artificial reefs have been deployed in state and federal waters all along the Gulf and South Atlantic Coast of Florida. A long history of deployment programs has been met with strong support by local communities who derive significant economic benefit from the use of the reefs by both commercial and recreational user groups. Some reefs meet local demands, while other artificial reef deployments attract users from around the state and the nation. Some recent large ship deployments are good examples of artificial reef programs that have created a reputation for artificial reefs in Florida as premier dive destinations, while other reefs continue to provide access to local anglers and divers. The users of the reefs create economic activity as they purchase fuel, supplies, lodging and other items necessary for the utilization of the artificial reefs. Many non-residents utilize the reefs, who bring in new dollars to the local economies. Key user groups include both private boaters and the fore-hire sector. The economic contribution of these artificial reef users can be significant to the local economies where the use occurs, as well as the overall economy of Florida. This poster provides an overview of the studies that have been conducted with the goal of quantifying the economic activity and impacts associated with artificial reef use in Florida. KEYWORDS: Artificial reefs, economic, impact

23 AN OBITUARY FOR A TRADITIONAL AGGREGATION SITE OF NASSAU GROUPER IN THE MEXICAN CARIBBEAN UN OBITUARIO PARA EL SITIO TRADICIONAL DE AGRUPACIÓN DEL MERO EN EL CARIBE MEXICANO UNE NOTICE NÉCROLOGIQUE POUR UN SITE TRADITIONNELLE DE REGROUPEMENT DE MEROU DES CARAÏBES MEXICAINES ALFONSO AGUILAR-PERERA Universidad Autónoma de Yucatán, Km. 15.5, carretera Mérida-Xmatkuil Mérida, Yucatán México The Nassau grouper, Epinephelus striatus, is a commercially important fish classified by the IUCN s red list as endangered. The vulnerability of this grouper relates to its reproductive behavior and lifespan. During winter full moon days, it migrates annually through the coral reefs of the Western Atlantic to reach various traditional sites to spawn in aggregations of thousands of individuals. Such predictable behavior -tracked down by local fishers for decades- has the persistence of its aggregations at risk due to intense fishing pressure to levels of severe decline to extirpation. In Mexico, one of the oldest and shallowest sites is located off the Mahahual coast, in the Mexican Caribbean. After more than 60 years of timely arrivals, the grouper aggregation stopped arriving to the traditional site in Fishery authorities established a temporary ban for protection in 1997, but the aggregation did not show up during the following reproductive seasons. During January 2013, this work explored evidences of possible recovery of the aggregation after more than 15 years of apparent protection. The survey included semi-structured interviews to veteran fishermen and visual underwater inspections on site. The use of various fishing gears (hook and line, spear gun, gill nets), uncontrolled fishing effort, and a lack of proper surveillance and enforcement by authorities, and the influence of a cruise ship pier nearby severely affected the aggregation persistence on site. This work certifies this aggregation site is no longer used by this grouper. 3 KEYWORDS: Nassau grouper, Reproduction, Mexico, Conservation, Management

24 FIRST OBSERVATION SEA CUCUMBERS ON JAMAICA'S ISLAND SHELF PRIMERA OBSERVACIÓN DE PEPINOS DE MAR EN LA PLATAFORMA INSULAR DE JAMAICA PREMIÈRE OBSERVATION DE CONCOMBRES DE MER SUR LE PLATEAU DE L'ÎLE DE LA JAMAÏQUE DR. KARL AIKEN and KADEEN DOWE University of the West Indies Dept. of Life Sciences Mona campus, Kingston, Kingston 7 Jamaica 4 Sea cucumbers have gained popularity as a fishery resource in the Caribbean in recent years. This is largely as a consequence of their overfished status in parts of the Pacific where they are used for food and traditional medicine purposes for centuries. In the Caribbean they are not consumed except by very small oriental communities, for example in Jamaica. This study revealed that sea cucumbers have been quietly fished in Jamaica and exported in small quantities to markets in Hong Kong and Singapore for a significant period of time. However, there is no known body of information on the biology of sea cucumbers in Jamaica s waters. This is an unsustainable situation, as no fishery can be sustainable if biological information on the fished species is lacking. A small-scale study of the sea cucumbers was done between 2012 and Visual survey techniques were used to assess the animals observed at representative sites around Jamaica. Results strongly suggest that stocks existing in the areas investigated were very small. The dominant species were Holothuria mexicana and Actinopyga agassizii. This study suggests that Jamaican commercial buyers especially since 2010 have been purchasing both fresh and dried sea cucumbers for exportation. Most nearshore shallow (<10m) areas examined had depauperate populations possibly due to overfishing. The Fisheries Division of the Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries has moved to regulate this fishery and an indefinite ban on sea cucumber fishing and exportation is in place from 01 September KEYWORDS: Sea cucumbers, overfishing, Holothuria, management, Jamaica

25 MICRO-ROV SURVEY METHODOLOGY FOR SUBMERGED OIL AND GAS PLATFORM ARTIFICIAL REEFS METODOLOGÍA DE LA ENCUESTA DE MICRO-ROV PARA ARRECIFES ARTIFICIALES PETRÓLEO Y GAS PLATAFORMA SUMERGIDOS MICRO-ROV MÉTHODOLOGIE DE L'ENQUÊTE POUR HUILE SUBMERGÉ ET PLATE- FORME GAZ RÉCIFS ARTIFICIELS MATTHEW AJEMIAN, JENNIFER JARRELL WETZ, and GREGORY STUNZ Harte Research Institute Texas A&M University - Corpus Christi Harte Research Institute Ocean Drive Corpus Christi, Texas USA A major impediment to understanding the function of offshore benthic marine habitats to fish production has been the ability of researchers to study assemblages situated in these generally inaccessible environments. In general, fish associate with complex benthic environments, however these habitats range in size (m2 100 s of km2), and are often located in offshore waters at depths beyond most recreational and scientific diving limits (30 m) or at depths where bottom time is extremely limited. These characteristics have limited the ability of fisheries researchers to effectively sample these regions. Louisiana and Texas artificial reef programs have reefing sites dominated by toppled or cut-off oil and gas platforms, which are several orders of magnitude larger than artificial reefs in the eastern GOM (e.g., pyramids). In this study, we describe a ROV-based visual assessment protocol for estimating reef fish abundance and diversity over a myriad of artificial reef types along the Texas coastal bend. Given the deeper habitat and high relief (some m from bottom to top) of these structures, we integrated sampling methodologies previously used for both large and small habitats. We discuss some of the challenges and constraints associated with using micro ROVs as well as potential future avenues of research. 5 KEYWORDS: artificial reef, remotely operated vehicle, reef fishes, Red Snapper

no-entry only research and monitoring activities no-take zones incorporates other non-extractive uses

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