Geologic time and dating. Geologic time refers to the ages relevant to Earth s history

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Geologic time and dating. Geologic time refers to the ages relevant to Earth s history"

Transcription

1 Geologic time and dating Most figures and tables contained here are from course text: Understanding Earth Fourth Edition by Frank Press, Raymond Siever, John Grotzinger, and Thomas H. Jordan Geologic time refers to the ages relevant to Earth s history This shows major events of Earth s history on a logarithmic scale In a logarithmic scale numbers are plotted by the exponent used to raise ten to in order to get to the respective number. (i.e. 10 plots a 1, 0.1 plots as -1, 1000 plots as 3) Earth changes on scales much larger than human experience 1

2 The following slides discuss basic principles used in relative age dating. Relative age dating is where geologist analyze relationships in the rock to describe a sequence of events as to how rocks were formed and deposited through time without regard to absolute age. Absolute dating is where a specific age (in years or millions or of years old are assigned to the rock) Absolute dating was not possible until radiometric age dating became available. Sedimentary rock records clues as to Earth s history Later tectonic uplift and erosion uncovers these rock. Geologist study rock to understand Earth s history Original horizontality the concept that rock units were originally deposited in relatively horizontal planes. New deposits Older folded and eroded rocks 2

3 Superposition the concept that in layered rock the oldest units are at the bottom and as we move vertically through the rock column we are looking at successively younger rock. Faunal succession is the observation that fossils (and therefore the life forms that left them behind) change throughout geologic time. As a result fossils can be used to correlate and calibrate rocks of different ages Index fossils are fossils used to identify rocks of similar ages. Index fossils have been calibrated using radiometric age dating and can also be used to identify the age of the rock that contains them. A good index fossil must: 1) Be short lived in geologic time (as a species) 2) Geographically wide spread 3) Have parts that are easily preserved (hard parts like teeth or shells) 4) Easily recognized (by an expert) 3

4 Trilobites are a good index fossil for much of the Paleozoic These are one species but the trilobite changed much throughout geologic time. Ammonites are also important index fossils. Their species ca me in many sizes and shapes and the shells are easily identified by the suture patterns. sutures Fossil assemblages (groups of fossils from a time period can be used to narrow ages more than one fossil alone) 4

5 Cross cutting relationships: a geological unit that cuts across and other unit will be the younger of the two. dike E D C B A batholith In this example: Young Igneous intrusion Dep E Dep D Dep C Dep B Dep A Old Cross cutting relationships: In this example: Young D D Dep D C B A C B A Old Fault Dep C Dep B Dep A fault 5

6 Sill vs. lava flow D Basalt C B A Vesicular texture in the basalt would indicate this is a lava and therefore older than unit D. Contact metamo rphism in unit D would indicate this is a sill and therefore younger than unit D Contact metamo rphism Inclusions: If fragments of one rock unit (A) are contained in an other (B) then the unit providing the rock fragments (A) must be older. Unconformities periods of erosion where the rock sequence has been lost. This must usually be preceded by uplift. Uplift will change a location from a depositional to an erosional environment 6

7 7

8 8

9 Example of the development of a region and how to interpret the relative ages of events and units 9

10 10

11 Seismic data is an important to to look at subsurface geology 11

12 12

13 13

14 14

15 The geologic time scale is a description of rock units ordered in time. When these units were first describe radiometric age dating was not possible but using the geological principles discussed above there was a recognition that these rock units represented a progression of Earth history. 15

16 This time scale w as produced by correlating rocks from distant locations from one another and then continuing the description as a progression through time in younger rocks at the new locations 16

17 Absolute age dating by radiometric methods Types of nuclear decay: Beta decay: An electron escapes fro m a neutron and the neutron becomes a proton (e.g. Rb 87 -Sr 87 ). Atomic weight does not change atomic number does. Electron capture: a proton captures an electron and becomes a neutron (e.g. K 40 Ar 40 ). Atomic weight does not change atomic number does. Alpha- An alpha particle is emitted. An alpha particle is equivalent to a helium nucleus with an atomic weight of 4 (2 protons and 2 neutrons). This is part of the uranium lead decay sequence. 17

18 Beta decay Half life is the time it takes for ½ the parent product to decay to the daughter product 18

19 For example: At t=0 we will only have parent product. At t= 1 half-life there will be an equal amount of parent and daughter atoms. Hypothetically speaking if we start with 64 parent atoms of an element with 5,000 year half life, the following will be true: At t= parent atom daughter atoms number of half-lifes , , , , , Assumptions in the above plan for radiometric age dating are: 1) There was no daughter when the rock formed. There are in fact methods using many samples that enable us to estimate and correct for the amount of daughter product when the rock formed. 2) The system remained closed: did not loose daughter or parent product with time. There are methods to identify samples with that leaked. If a system leaks it is unlikely to leak in a regular way. If many minerals fro m the same rock are dated it is unlikely a leaky system will yield many mineral with the same age. Therefore this can be overcome by repeated measurements. There are other methods using multiple dating techniques that can also overcome this problem 19

20 20

Stratigraphic Cross Sections Why study old rocks?

Stratigraphic Cross Sections Why study old rocks? rom IRIS collection: Animations of eologic Processes www.iris.edu/educate/animations Stratigraphic ross Sections Why study old rocks? The earthquake potential of an area can be determined by studying the

More information

The strata exposed in Arizona s Grand Canyon contain clues to hundreds of millions of years of Earth history. (Photo by Carr Clifton)

The strata exposed in Arizona s Grand Canyon contain clues to hundreds of millions of years of Earth history. (Photo by Carr Clifton) Geology Needs a Time Scale A Brief History of Geology Relative Dating Key Principles Correlation of Rock Layers Fossils: Evidence of Past Life Dating with Radioactivity The Geologic Time Scale Difficulties

More information

Structural Geology Laboratory 9 (Name)

Structural Geology Laboratory 9 (Name) Structural Geology Laboratory 9 (Name) Geologic maps show the distribution of different types of structures and rock stratigraphic units generally on a topographic base such as a quadrangle map. Key structures

More information

Introduction to Structural Geology

Introduction to Structural Geology Introduction to Structural Geology Workbook 3 Geological Maps BGS Introduction to geological maps 4 1. Outcrop patterns on geological maps 7 2. Cross sections 16 3. Structure contours 22 cknowledgements

More information

Geological Maps 1: Horizontal and Inclined Strata

Geological Maps 1: Horizontal and Inclined Strata Geological Maps 1: Horizontal and Inclined Strata A well-rounded geologist must be familiar with the processes that shape the Earth as well as the rocks and minerals that comprise it. These processes cover

More information

Assessment Plan for Geology 101 Lab (Online)

Assessment Plan for Geology 101 Lab (Online) Plan for Geology 101 Lab (Online) John Turbeville, Earth Sciences MiraCosta College Description of course: This is an optional companion laboratory course for Geology 101, which is a survey level class.

More information

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY HYBRID SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Fall - 2011

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY HYBRID SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Fall - 2011 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY HYBRID SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Fall - 2011 Instructor s Name: Marianne O Neal Caldwell Telephone Number: (813) 253-7251 Email Address: Please use the email in our online classroom.

More information

Geology 2 Physical Geology Lab Lab #9 Point Lobos Fieldtrip - Preparation

Geology 2 Physical Geology Lab Lab #9 Point Lobos Fieldtrip - Preparation Geology 2 Physical Geology Lab Fieldtrip - Preparation What: We will be going to Point Lobos State Reserve for our Wednesday October 18 class lecture and lab session Why: We will look at some of our local

More information

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Fall 2011

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Fall 2011 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Fall 2011 Instructor s Name: Marianne O Neal Caldwell Telephone Number: (813) 253-7251 Email Address: Use classroom email address. Alternative

More information

Geology 200 Getting Started...

Geology 200 Getting Started... Geology 200 Getting Started... Name This handout should be completed and become a part of your Notebook for this course. This handout is intended to be a review of some important ideas from your introductory

More information

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Spring 2010

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Spring 2010 PHYSICAL GEOLOGY ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010 Physical Geology Online Spring 2010 Instructor s Name: Marianne O Neal Caldwell Telephone Number: (813) 253-7251 Email Address: Use my online@hcc (formerly WebCT)

More information

Geology Merit Badge Workbook

Geology Merit Badge Workbook Merit Badge Workbook This workbook can help you but you still need to read the merit badge pamphlet. The work space provided for each requirement should be used by the Scout to make notes for discussing

More information

The successful integration of 3D seismic into the mining process: Practical examples from Bowen Basin underground coal mines

The successful integration of 3D seismic into the mining process: Practical examples from Bowen Basin underground coal mines Geophysics 165 Troy Peters The successful integration of 3D seismic into the mining process: Practical examples from Bowen Basin underground coal mines This paper discusses how mine staff from a number

More information

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping

California Standards Grades 9 12 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping California Standards Grades 912 Boardworks 2009 Science Contents Standards Mapping Earth Sciences Earth s Place in the Universe 1. Astronomy and planetary exploration reveal the solar system s structure,

More information

EPA Radionuclides Rule and the RadNet Program

EPA Radionuclides Rule and the RadNet Program EPA Radionuclides Rule and the RadNet Program Kelly Moran (215) 814-2331 moran.kelly@epa.gov 7/20/2011 U.S. Environmental Protection Agency 1 What is a radionuclide (radioisotope)? element - any one of

More information

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle.

Ride the Rock Cycle. Suggested Goals: Students will gain an understanding of how a rock can move through the different stages of the rock cycle. Illinois State Museum Geology Online http://geologyonline.museum.state.il.us Ride the Rock Cycle Grade Level: 5 6 Purpose: To teach students that the rock cycle, like the water cycle, has various stages

More information

The Geology of the Marginal Way, Ogunquit, Maine

The Geology of the Marginal Way, Ogunquit, Maine Geologic Site of the Month February, 2002 The Geology of the Marginal Way, Ogunquit, Maine 43 14 23.88 N, 70 35 18.36 W Text by Arthur M. Hussey II, Bowdoin College and Robert G. Marvinney,, Department

More information

Experiment 10. Radioactive Decay of 220 Rn and 232 Th Physics 2150 Experiment No. 10 University of Colorado

Experiment 10. Radioactive Decay of 220 Rn and 232 Th Physics 2150 Experiment No. 10 University of Colorado 1 Radioactive Decay of 220 Rn and 232 Th Physics 2150 Experiment No. 10 University of Colorado Introduction Some radioactive isotopes formed billions of years ago have half- lives so long that they are

More information

Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Petroleum Exploration

Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Petroleum Exploration Application of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in Petroleum Exploration Introduction Darko Tufekcic, consultant email: darkotufekcic@hotmail.com Electro-magnetic resonance method (GEO-EMR) is emerging as the

More information

Geology. Administered by the Department of Physical Sciences within the College of Arts and Sciences.

Geology. Administered by the Department of Physical Sciences within the College of Arts and Sciences. Geology Administered by the Department of Physical Sciences within the College of Arts and Sciences. The Bachelor of Science degree in Geology prepares students for entry-level positions in Earth- Science-related

More information

Chesapeake Bay Governor School for Marine and Environmental Science

Chesapeake Bay Governor School for Marine and Environmental Science Choose the best answer and write on the answer sheet provided. 1. Which of the following is LEAST likely to be an effect of global warming? (a) Loss of fertile delta regions for agriculture (b) Change

More information

4.1 Studying Atom. Early evidence used to develop models of atoms.

4.1 Studying Atom. Early evidence used to develop models of atoms. 4.1 Studying Atom Early evidence used to develop models of atoms. Democritus said that all matter consisted of extremely small particles that could NOT be divided called these particles atoms from the

More information

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks)

Georgia Performance Standards Framework for Science Grade 6. Unit Organizer: Geology: Inside the Earth (Approximate Time: 7 Weeks) The following instructional plan is part of a GaDOE collection of Unit Frameworks, Performance Tasks, examples of Student Work, and Teacher Commentary. Many more GaDOE approved instructional plans are

More information

Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics

Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics Page 1 of 13 EENS 1110 Tulane University Physical Geology Prof. Stephen A. Nelson Continental Drift, Sea Floor Spreading and Plate Tectonics This page last updated on 26-Aug-2015 Plate Tectonics is a theory

More information

archaeologist artifact WC-1

archaeologist artifact WC-1 WC-1 archaeologist artifact A scientist who studies the life and culture of ancient people. An object, such as a tool, made by humans. WC-1 climate climate zone The weather in an area averaged over a long

More information

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs

Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. California State Science Content Standards. Mobile Climate Science Labs Earth Sciences -- Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12 California State Science Content Standards Covered in: Hands-on science labs, demonstrations, & activities. Investigation and Experimentation. Lesson Plans. Presented

More information

Geology and Landscapes 2014 Maps and cross-sections

Geology and Landscapes 2014 Maps and cross-sections Geology and Landscapes 2014 Maps and cross-sections Practicals 2 to 9 will be dedicated to the study of geological maps and the production of geological cross-section. Below is a summary of the different

More information

Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface

Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface PART ONE Some Processes that Change the Earth s Surface Science standards To prepare students to understand the Essential Academic Learning Requirements (EALRs) introduced at middle school, this series

More information

INDIRECT METHODS SOUNDING OR PENETRATION TESTS. Dr. K. M. Kouzer, Associate Professor in Civil Engineering, GEC Kozhikode

INDIRECT METHODS SOUNDING OR PENETRATION TESTS. Dr. K. M. Kouzer, Associate Professor in Civil Engineering, GEC Kozhikode INDIRECT METHODS SOUNDING OR PENETRATION TESTS STANDARD PENETRATION TEST (SPT) Reference can be made to IS 2131 1981 for details on SPT. It is a field edtest to estimate e the penetration e resistance

More information

Required Courses in Geology Major

Required Courses in Geology Major Courses Credits Courses Credits 1. University Requirements (24 credits) 319 Geochemistry 3 A. Courses (12 credits) 350 Sedimentary Petrology 3 101 Arabic Language 3 403 Geology of the Arabian Peninsula

More information

ATOMS: ATOMIC STRUCTURE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

ATOMS: ATOMIC STRUCTURE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ATOMS: ATOMIC STRUCTURE QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS QUESTION ONE: MODELS OF THE ATOM (2011;1) At different times scientists have proposed various descriptions or models of the atom to match experimental evidence

More information

Session No. 184. Tuesday, 3 November 2015: 8:00 AM- 12:00 PM.

Session No. 184. Tuesday, 3 November 2015: 8:00 AM- 12:00 PM. FROM NEOPROTEROZOIC PRE-CURSOR CLAMS TO THE KLAMATHS: DOCUMENTING THE PALEOGEOGRAPHIC EVOLUTION OF THE EASTERN KLAMATH TERRANES, AN EDUCATION OUTREACH MODEL ROBERTI, Gina M.1, ROTH, John2 and LEDFORD,

More information

Presentation of problem T1 (9 points): The Maribo Meteorite

Presentation of problem T1 (9 points): The Maribo Meteorite Presentation of problem T1 (9 points): The Maribo Meteorite Definitions Meteoroid. A small particle (typically smaller than 1 m) from a comet or an asteroid. Meteorite: A meteoroid that impacts the ground

More information

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot.

Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Equipment: Activity 1: 2 butter cartons, scissors, cling film, thermometer, water, a sunny spot and a shady spot. Activity 2: 3 thermometers, black paper, white paper Suggested Class Level: 3rd 6th Preparation:

More information

This part of the exam aims to test your ability to locate main ideas in a text.

This part of the exam aims to test your ability to locate main ideas in a text. PART ONE - SKIMMING (15%) Duration: 20 minutes This part of the exam aims to test your ability to locate main ideas in a text. The text you are going to read is about geological research and what it can

More information

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY LAB ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010L Physical Geology Lab Fall 2010

PHYSICAL GEOLOGY LAB ONLINE SYLLABUS GLY 1010L Physical Geology Lab Fall 2010 This course is not taught completely online. Please note that you must complete five labs using materials at the Dale Mabry Campus library in Tampa to participate in this course. PHYSICAL GEOLOGY LAB ONLINE

More information

Stellar Evolution: a Journey through the H-R Diagram

Stellar Evolution: a Journey through the H-R Diagram Stellar Evolution: a Journey through the H-R Diagram Mike Montgomery 21 Apr, 2001 0-0 The Herztsprung-Russell Diagram (HRD) was independently invented by Herztsprung (1911) and Russell (1913) They plotted

More information

MIDLAND ISD ADVANCED PLACEMENT CURRICULUM STANDARDS AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE

MIDLAND ISD ADVANCED PLACEMENT CURRICULUM STANDARDS AP ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE Science Practices Standard SP.1: Scientific Questions and Predictions Asking scientific questions that can be tested empirically and structuring these questions in the form of testable predictions SP.1.1

More information

GEOL 101: Introduction to Geology

GEOL 101: Introduction to Geology GEOL 101: Introduction to Geology Course Overview Welcome to GEOL 101: Introduction to Geology! I'm Carrie Bartek, and I'll be your instructor for the course. In this course you will learn about the processes

More information

GAS WELL/WATER WELL SUBSURFACE CONTAMINATION

GAS WELL/WATER WELL SUBSURFACE CONTAMINATION GAS WELL/WATER WELL SUBSURFACE CONTAMINATION Rick Railsback Professional Geoscientist CURA Environmental & Emergency Services rick@curaes.com And ye shall know the truth and the truth shall make you free.

More information

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries.

Tectonic plates push together at convergent boundaries. KEY CONCEPT Plates converge or scrape past each other. BEFORE, you learned Plates move apart at divergent boundaries In the oceans, divergent boundaries mark where the sea floor spreads apart On land,

More information

Stability Assessment of Chamshir Dam Based on DEM, South West Zagros

Stability Assessment of Chamshir Dam Based on DEM, South West Zagros 2015 2nd International Conference on Geological and Civil Engineering IPCBEE vol. 80 (2015) (2015) IACSIT Press, Singapore DOI: 10.7763/IPCBEE. 2015. V80. 13 Stability Assessment of Chamshir Dam Based

More information

Nuclear Fusion and Radiation

Nuclear Fusion and Radiation Nuclear Fusion and Radiation Lecture 8 (Meetings 19, 20, 21 & 22) Eugenio Schuster schuster@lehigh.edu Mechanical Engineering and Mechanics Lehigh University Nuclear Fusion and Radiation p. 1/66 The discovery

More information

Online Geosystems Syllabus. Part 1: Course Information. Instructor Information. Course Description. Textbook & Course Materials. Course Requirements

Online Geosystems Syllabus. Part 1: Course Information. Instructor Information. Course Description. Textbook & Course Materials. Course Requirements FCPS - Online Campus Part 1: Course Information Instructor Information Instructor: TBD Office: Location Office Hours: TBD Office Telephone: TBD E-mail: TBD Course Description Geosystems uses the systems

More information

NCSS Statistical Software Principal Components Regression. In ordinary least squares, the regression coefficients are estimated using the formula ( )

NCSS Statistical Software Principal Components Regression. In ordinary least squares, the regression coefficients are estimated using the formula ( ) Chapter 340 Principal Components Regression Introduction is a technique for analyzing multiple regression data that suffer from multicollinearity. When multicollinearity occurs, least squares estimates

More information

Virginia Tech Geosciences Undergraduate Student Handbook 2014-2015

Virginia Tech Geosciences Undergraduate Student Handbook 2014-2015 Virginia Tech Geosciences Undergraduate Student Handbook 2014-2015 Contents INTRODUCTION... 2 WHAT IS GEOSCIENCE AND WHY STUDY IT?... 2 GEOSCIENCES AT VIRGINIA TECH... 3 ACADEMICS... 4 UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULUM...

More information

ATOMS AND BONDS. Bonds

ATOMS AND BONDS. Bonds ATOMS AND BONDS Atoms of elements are the simplest units of organization in the natural world. Atoms consist of protons (positive charge), neutrons (neutral charge) and electrons (negative charge). The

More information

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed?

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed? Did You Know? Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, mercaptan (a chemical that smells like sulfur) is added before distribution, to give it a distinct unpleasant odor (it smells like

More information

KE A = PE MAX 1/2M v 2 = k q1 q2 /R

KE A = PE MAX 1/2M v 2 = k q1 q2 /R CHAPTER 13 NUCLEAR STRUCTURE NUCLEAR FORCE The nucleus is help firmly together by the nuclear or strong force, We can estimate the nuclear force by observing that protons residing about 1fm = 10-15m apart

More information

Engaging Students Through Interactive Activities In General Education Classes

Engaging Students Through Interactive Activities In General Education Classes Engaging Students Through Interactive Activities In General Education Classes On the Cutting Edge: Early Career Geoscience Faculty Workshop 14-18 June 2009 Presented by Randy Richardson Department of Geosciences,

More information

The Universe Inside of You: Where do the atoms in your body come from?

The Universe Inside of You: Where do the atoms in your body come from? The Universe Inside of You: Where do the atoms in your body come from? Matthew Mumpower University of Notre Dame Thursday June 27th 2013 Nucleosynthesis nu cle o syn the sis The formation of new atomic

More information

An Introduction to Geology GEOL 105 University Studies Program. Course Outline

An Introduction to Geology GEOL 105 University Studies Program. Course Outline An Introduction to Geology GEOL 105 University Studies Program Course Outline COURSE IMPLEMENTATION DATE: Pre 1998 OUTLINE EFFECTIVE DATE: September 2013 COURSE OUTLINE REVIEW DATE: April 2018 GENERAL

More information

FROM DRAWING ANTICLINE AXES TO 3D MODELLING OF SEISMOGENIC SOURCES: EVOLUTION OF SEISMOTECTONIC MAPPING IN THE PO PLAIN

FROM DRAWING ANTICLINE AXES TO 3D MODELLING OF SEISMOGENIC SOURCES: EVOLUTION OF SEISMOTECTONIC MAPPING IN THE PO PLAIN FROM DRAWING ANTICLINE AXES TO 3D MODELLING OF SEISMOGENIC SOURCES: EVOLUTION OF SEISMOTECTONIC MAPPING IN THE PO PLAIN Burrato P.*, Maesano F. E. *, D Ambrogi C.**, Toscani G., Valensise G.* (*) INGV,

More information

Data Mining and Exploratory Statistics to Visualize Fractures and Migration Paths in the WCBS*

Data Mining and Exploratory Statistics to Visualize Fractures and Migration Paths in the WCBS* Data Mining and Exploratory Statistics to Visualize Fractures and Migration Paths in the WCBS* Jean-Yves Chatellier 1 and Michael Chatellier 2 Search and Discovery Article #41582 (2015) Posted February

More information

A Reliability Point and Kalman Filter-based Vehicle Tracking Technique

A Reliability Point and Kalman Filter-based Vehicle Tracking Technique A Reliability Point and Kalman Filter-based Vehicle Tracing Technique Soo Siang Teoh and Thomas Bräunl Abstract This paper introduces a technique for tracing the movement of vehicles in consecutive video

More information

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE CHEM 150 - COLLEGE CHEMISTRY I

STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE CHEM 150 - COLLEGE CHEMISTRY I STATE UNIVERSITY OF NEW YORK COLLEGE OF TECHNOLOGY CANTON, NEW YORK COURSE OUTLINE CHEM 150 - COLLEGE CHEMISTRY I PREPARED BY: NICOLE HELDT SCHOOL OF SCIENCE, HEALTH, AND PROFESSIONAL STUDIES SCIENCE DEPARTMENT

More information

Cross section, Flux, Luminosity, Scattering Rates

Cross section, Flux, Luminosity, Scattering Rates Cross section, Flux, Luminosity, Scattering Rates Table of Contents Paul Avery (Andrey Korytov) Sep. 9, 013 1 Introduction... 1 Cross section, flux and scattering... 1 3 Scattering length λ and λ ρ...

More information

GRAND CANYON GEOLOGY PROGRAM PROGRAM PLAN FOR DOCENTS

GRAND CANYON GEOLOGY PROGRAM PROGRAM PLAN FOR DOCENTS GRAND CANYON GEOLOGY PROGRAM PROGRAM PLAN FOR DOCENTS The following is a suggested format for this program. Please feel free to incorporate your own experiences and creativity; however, maintain the Arizona

More information

Diamond Education. Diamond Cut

Diamond Education. Diamond Cut Diamond Education A diamond truly is a unique gemstone. The word diamond comes from the Greek word adamas which means unconquerable. Nothing compares to the hardness of a loose diamond. The diamond is

More information

Fall 2011 EARTH 121 Online University of Waterloo. Your instructor makes announcements as needed. Please check your announcements frequently.

Fall 2011 EARTH 121 Online University of Waterloo. Your instructor makes announcements as needed. Please check your announcements frequently. Communication Email/Phone Administrative questions should be directed to the Centre for Extended Learning office. Technical problems with UW-ACE should be directed to Technical Support. Academic issues

More information

Syllabus for Physical Geology 51-102 Lecture: Fall 2015 Section: A09C

Syllabus for Physical Geology 51-102 Lecture: Fall 2015 Section: A09C Syllabus for Physical Geology 51-102 Lecture: Fall 2015 Section: A09C Instructor: Dr. Ben Hallett Office: Harrington Hall 310 Email: hallettb@uwosh.edu Phone: 920-424-0868 Office Hours: M 3:00 5:00pm,

More information

The importance of ESD concept for rangeland monitoring program and rangeland management in Mongolia

The importance of ESD concept for rangeland monitoring program and rangeland management in Mongolia The importance of ESD concept for rangeland monitoring program and rangeland management in Mongolia Bulgamaa Densambuu, Green Gold, SDC Mongolia Bulgamaa@greengold.mn www.greengold.mn State of Mongolian

More information

This class deals with the fundamental structural features of proteins, which one can understand from the structure of amino acids, and how they are

This class deals with the fundamental structural features of proteins, which one can understand from the structure of amino acids, and how they are This class deals with the fundamental structural features of proteins, which one can understand from the structure of amino acids, and how they are put together. 1 A more detailed view of a single protein

More information

Chemical Sputtering. von Kohlenstoff durch Wasserstoff. W. Jacob

Chemical Sputtering. von Kohlenstoff durch Wasserstoff. W. Jacob Chemical Sputtering von Kohlenstoff durch Wasserstoff W. Jacob Centre for Interdisciplinary Plasma Science Max-Planck-Institut für Plasmaphysik, 85748 Garching Content: Definitions: Chemical erosion, physical

More information

Earth Sciences 4211/6210! Putting the Economics Back in Economic Geology!

Earth Sciences 4211/6210! Putting the Economics Back in Economic Geology! Earth Sciences 4211/6210! Putting the Economics Back in Economic Geology! Stephen J. Piercey! Department of Earth Sciences! Memorial University! St. John s, NL, Canada! A1B 3X5! spiercey@mun.ca!!! Special

More information

OFFSHORE Information Management

OFFSHORE Information Management OFFSHORE Information Management 1 a b c 1: Examples of Australian fossil markers: (a) Phoberocysta necomica; (b) Permian striate pollen; (c) trilobites tied to the internationally accepted Geologic Time

More information

Nancy West, Beth Pratt-Sitaula, and Shelley Olds (UNAVCO) expanded from work by Vince Cronin (Baylor University)

Nancy West, Beth Pratt-Sitaula, and Shelley Olds (UNAVCO) expanded from work by Vince Cronin (Baylor University) Nancy West, Beth Pratt-Sitaula, and Shelley Olds (UNAVCO) expanded from work by Vince Cronin (Baylor University) Earth s crust is deforming. While people who live through earthquakes know this from shaking,

More information

Zion National Park Slot Canyons

Zion National Park Slot Canyons UWEC Zion National Park Slot Canyons Slot Canyon Formation Tubbs Beaudette, Mary Frances 10/12/2012 (Butler, 2007, Antelope Canyon, Zion National Park) Table of Contents Abstract 1 Introduction 1 Bedrock

More information

RADON AND HEALTH. INFORMATION SHEET October 2002. What is radon and where does it come from?

RADON AND HEALTH. INFORMATION SHEET October 2002. What is radon and where does it come from? INFORMATION SHEET October 2 FINAL RADON AND HEALTH What is radon and where does it come from? Radon is a natural radioactive gas without odour, colour or taste. It cannot be detected without special equipment.

More information

CRS Report for Congress

CRS Report for Congress December 3, 2007 CRS Report for Congress Lump-Sum Distributions under the Pension Protection Act Summary Patrick Purcell Specialist in Income Security Domestic Social Policy Division The Pension Protection

More information

EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS FOR ANALYTICAL PURPOSES. L. Csedreki 1. Abstract. I. Introduction

EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS FOR ANALYTICAL PURPOSES. L. Csedreki 1. Abstract. I. Introduction ACTA PHYSICA DEBRECINA XLVI, 25 (2012) EXPERIMENTAL CONDITIONS FOR CROSS SECTION MEASUREMENTS FOR ANALYTICAL PURPOSES L. Csedreki 1 1 Institute of Nuclear Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences,

More information

ES1801 Field Geology Summer School 24 credits (6 US semester credits) Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of St Andrews

ES1801 Field Geology Summer School 24 credits (6 US semester credits) Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of St Andrews ES1801 Field Geology Summer School 24 credits (6 US semester credits) Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of St Andrews This module (ES1801) aims to introduce students to Earth Science

More information

Nuclear Energy in Everyday Life

Nuclear Energy in Everyday Life Nuclear Energy in Everyday Life Understanding Radioactivity and Radiation in our Everyday Lives Radioactivity is part of our earth it has existed all along. Naturally occurring radioactive materials are

More information

Earth and Environmental Science

Earth and Environmental Science 2006 HIGHER SCHOOL CERTIFICATE EXAMINATION Earth and Environmental Science Total marks 100 General Instructions Reading time 5 minutes Working time 3 hours Write using black or blue pen Draw diagrams using

More information

Chapter 21. = 26 10 6 C and point charge

Chapter 21. = 26 10 6 C and point charge Chapter 21 21.1 What must the distance between point charge 1 26 10 6 C and point charge 2 47 10 6 C for the electrostatic force between them to be 5.70N? The magnitude of the force of attraction is given

More information

A blended course for introductory geology at San Diego State University: Choosing and implementing an assessment tool

A blended course for introductory geology at San Diego State University: Choosing and implementing an assessment tool pict Project 2006 Assessing your experiment A blended course for introductory geology at San Diego State University: Choosing and implementing an assessment tool Gary H. Girty Give a very brief background

More information

The Dynamic Earth. English edition

The Dynamic Earth. English edition The Dynamic Earth English edition The Dynamic Earth was developed as an Advanced Integrated Science module for Dutch upper secondary students (pre-university stream, vwo), within the course known as Nature

More information

Metrological features of a beta absorption particulate air monitor operating with wireless communication system

Metrological features of a beta absorption particulate air monitor operating with wireless communication system NUKLEONIKA 2008;53(Supplement 2):S37 S42 ORIGINAL PAPER Metrological features of a beta absorption particulate air monitor operating with wireless communication system Adrian Jakowiuk, Piotr Urbański,

More information

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide

What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide What s It All About? The Sun as a Power Source Instructor Guide Subject Area Unit Grade Time Science Earth Science K - 1st grade 45 minutes Overview This activity reinforces the concept that the sun supplies

More information

GEOLOGICAL FIELD MAPPING

GEOLOGICAL FIELD MAPPING Presented at Short Course V on Exploration for Geothermal Resources, organized by UNU-GTP, GDC and KenGen, at Lake Bogoria and Lake Naivasha, Kenya, Oct. 29 Nov. 19, 2010. GEOTHERMAL TRAINING PROGRAMME

More information

John Pojeta, Jr. Dale A. Springer. American Geological Institute. The Paleontological Society

John Pojeta, Jr. Dale A. Springer. American Geological Institute. The Paleontological Society John Pojeta, Jr. Dale A. Springer American Geological Institute The Paleontological Society About the Authors John Pojeta, Jr. has been an active paleontologist since 1957. He is a Scientist Emeritus with

More information

The decay of progeny continues until stable, non-radioactive progeny are formed. At each step in the decay process, radiation is released.

The decay of progeny continues until stable, non-radioactive progeny are formed. At each step in the decay process, radiation is released. Radon What is radon? Radon is a radioactive gas. It is colorless, odorless, tasteless, and chemically inert. Unless you test for it, there is no way of telling how much is present. Radon is formed by the

More information

COSMOS 2012: Earthquakes in Action COSMOS 2012

COSMOS 2012: Earthquakes in Action COSMOS 2012 COSMOS 2012 What is SFSI and why is it important? Soil issues in Earthquakes Structures where SFSI important Retaining structures (lateral earth pressure) Foundations (spread and pile footings, bearing

More information

COMPENDIUM OF INDIAN STANDARDS ON SOIL ENGINEERING PART 2

COMPENDIUM OF INDIAN STANDARDS ON SOIL ENGINEERING PART 2 (PREVIEW) SP 36 (Part 2) : 1988 COMPENDIUM OF INDIAN STANDARDS ON SOIL ENGINEERING PART 2 IS 1893 : 1979 (Reaffirmed 1987) CODE OF PRACTICE FOR SUBSURFACE INVESTIGATION FOR FOUNDATIONS 1.1 This code deals

More information

Energy Conversion Efficiency. Before we discuss energy conversion efficiency, let us briefly get familiarized with various forms of energy first.

Energy Conversion Efficiency. Before we discuss energy conversion efficiency, let us briefly get familiarized with various forms of energy first. Energy and Environment-1: Fossil Fuels and Nuclear Energy Objectives Key words and Concepts Energy Conversion Efficiency Fossil Fuels Nuclear Energy Cold Fusion? Summary Objectives: 1. Gain real understanding

More information

University of North Georgia Introduction to Earth Materials Geology 3010K Fall Semester 2013

University of North Georgia Introduction to Earth Materials Geology 3010K Fall Semester 2013 University of North Georgia Introduction to Earth Materials Geology 3010K Fall Semester 2013 Instructor: Dr. Katayoun Mobasher Office: Science Building, Room 241 Office Phone: 678-717-3457 E-mail: katayoun.mobasher@ung.edu

More information

Understanding what geologists do: how geologists use investigational skills in their work today

Understanding what geologists do: how geologists use investigational skills in their work today Chapter 6 Understanding what geologists do: how geologists use investigational skills in their work today 6.1 What geologists do If you were employed as a geologist, what would you do? The answer would

More information

Tutorial 4.6 Gamma Spectrum Analysis

Tutorial 4.6 Gamma Spectrum Analysis Tutorial 4.6 Gamma Spectrum Analysis Slide 1. Gamma Spectrum Analysis In this module, we will apply the concepts that were discussed in Tutorial 4.1, Interactions of Radiation with Matter. Slide 2. Learning

More information

Information about the T9 beam line and experimental facilities

Information about the T9 beam line and experimental facilities Information about the T9 beam line and experimental facilities The incoming proton beam from the PS accelerator impinges on the North target and thus produces the particles for the T9 beam line. The collisions

More information

Proposed Geology Course Offering Fall 2015 Summer 2017 Courses in Red are Broadcast (IVC) or Online Courses (Revised 5-29-2015)

Proposed Geology Course Offering Fall 2015 Summer 2017 Courses in Red are Broadcast (IVC) or Online Courses (Revised 5-29-2015) GEO 1110 - Physical Geology (3) - Lachmar Proposed Geology Course Offering Fall 2015 Summer 2017 Courses in Red are Broadcast (IVC) or Online Courses (Revised 5-29-2015) GEO 1115 - Physical Geology Lab

More information

PROTEINS THE PEPTIDE BOND. The peptide bond, shown above enclosed in the blue curves, generates the basic structural unit for proteins.

PROTEINS THE PEPTIDE BOND. The peptide bond, shown above enclosed in the blue curves, generates the basic structural unit for proteins. Ca 2+ The contents of this module were developed under grant award # P116B-001338 from the Fund for the Improvement of Postsecondary Education (FIPSE), United States Department of Education. However, those

More information

Geology of the Ottawa Area

Geology of the Ottawa Area Algonquin College of Applied Arts & Technology Geology of the Ottawa Area Business Administration - Core Course Number: Co-Requisites: Pre-Requisites: GEN2009 N/A N/A Applicable Program(s): AAL: Core/Elective:

More information

PENNSYLVANIA STATEWIDE PROGRAM-TO-PROGRAM ARTICULATION AGREEMENT IN GEOLOGY

PENNSYLVANIA STATEWIDE PROGRAM-TO-PROGRAM ARTICULATION AGREEMENT IN GEOLOGY PENNSYLVANIA STATEWIDE PROGRAM-TO-PROGRAM ARTICULATION AGREEMENT IN GEOLOGY Overview In accordance with Act 50 of 2009, institutions participating in Pennsylvania s statewide college credit transfer system

More information

GEOLOGIC HISTORY OF OKLAHOMA Compiled by Kenneth S. Johnson, Oklahoma Geological Survey

GEOLOGIC HISTORY OF OKLAHOMA Compiled by Kenneth S. Johnson, Oklahoma Geological Survey EDUCATIONAL PUBLICATION 9: 2008 Geologic History, Page 3 GEOLOGIC HISTORY OF OKLAHOMA Compiled by Kenneth S. Johnson, Oklahoma Geological Survey Due to forces within the Earth, parts of Oklahoma in the

More information

Australian Antarctic Science Strategic Plan 2011-12 to 2020-21 Stream Implementation Plan November 2013

Australian Antarctic Science Strategic Plan 2011-12 to 2020-21 Stream Implementation Plan November 2013 Australian Antarctic Science Strategic Plan 2011-12 to 2020-21 Stream Implementation Plan November 2013 Stream 2.2 Stream goal Vulnerability and spatial protection To provide the scientific foundation

More information

PATHOGEN DETECTION SYSTEMS BY REAL TIME PCR. Results Interpretation Guide

PATHOGEN DETECTION SYSTEMS BY REAL TIME PCR. Results Interpretation Guide PATHOGEN DETECTION SYSTEMS BY REAL TIME PCR Results Interpretation Guide Pathogen Detection Systems by Real Time PCR Microbial offers real time PCR based systems for the detection of pathogenic bacteria

More information

Metamorphic rocks are rocks changed from one form to another by intense heat, intense pressure, and/or the action of hot fluids.

Metamorphic rocks are rocks changed from one form to another by intense heat, intense pressure, and/or the action of hot fluids. Metamorphic Rocks, Processes, and Resources Metamorphic rocks are rocks changed from one form to another by intense heat, intense pressure, and/or the action of hot fluids. Protolith or parent rock is

More information

2012. Proceedings of the 11 European Geoparks Conference. AGA Associação Geoparque Arouca, Arouca, 5-6.

2012. Proceedings of the 11 European Geoparks Conference. AGA Associação Geoparque Arouca, Arouca, 5-6. References to this volume It is suggested that either the following alternatives should be used for future bibliographic references to the whole or part this volume: th Sá, A.A., Rocha, D., Paz, A. & Correia,

More information

Recent ostracods from the Azores archipelago

Recent ostracods from the Azores archipelago Joannea Geol. Paläont. 11: 132-136 (2011) Recent ostracods from the Azores archipelago Ricardo P. MEIRELES, Antonio FRIAS MARTINS & Sérgio ÁVILA The Azores is an archipelago in the Atlantic Ocean between

More information

MATERIALS LICENSE. In accordance with the letter dated January 15, 2009,

MATERIALS LICENSE. In accordance with the letter dated January 15, 2009, NRC FORM 374 U.S. NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION PAGE 1 OF 5 PAGES Pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended, the Energy Reorganization Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-438), and Title 10, Code of

More information