Hybrid Electric Powertrain Fuel Consumption Reduction Cost Effectiveness Trade-Offs

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Hybrid Electric Powertrain Fuel Consumption Reduction Cost Effectiveness Trade-Offs"

Transcription

1 Hybrid Electric Powertrain Fuel Consumption Reduction Cost Effectiveness Trade-Offs Presentation at the 24 th USAEE/IAEE North American Conference Energy, Environment and Economics in a New Era July 8-10, 2004 Washington, DC Danilo J. Santini and Anant Vyas Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory A Laboratory Operated by The University of Chicago

2 We Conducted a Study of Studies of Cost Effectiveness of ICE and FC HEVs vs. Conventional ICEVs Studies that simulate energy economy on U.S. driving cycles were used to assess energy savings/km for comparable vehicles - Fuel consumption measured in km/l of gasoline energy equivalent - U.S. Combined weighted FTP and Highway cycles - Focus - CV, CI ICE, SI ICE HEV, CI ICE HEV - Degree of hybridization Studies also examining vehicle cost are used to examine cost effectiveness - Cost effectiveness metrics used in U.S. were criticized - After investigation, liters saved per 10,000 km driven per $1000 of incremental cost was selected as reliable cost effectiveness metric - Incremental cost = lower km/l vehicle price less higher km/l vehicle price 2

3 Several Degrees of ICE Hybridization were Examined Charge-sustaining hybrids, no grid charging option Minimal hybrid = idle off, perhaps some degree of regenerative braking (ISG), no grid connection Mild hybrid = between minimal (or nothing) and full, in any given study, no grid connection Full hybrid = idle off, considerable regenerative braking, electric launch, no grid connection Hybrids capable of both grid charging with charge depleting strategy and charge sustaining operation. (Operation examined here is only for the charge sustaining mode). HEV## = a grid connectable hybrid with ## miles of electric range Note: No single study included all of the above HEV types 3

4 Incremental Cost/Benefit Factors Control optimization Emissions control cost Diesel vs. gasoline engine Diesel vs. gasoline HEV Mild vs. Full HEV 12 to 8 sec 0-60 (pack and motor size, regeneration %) Engine technology level choice Effectiveness vs. order of adoption (C d, A, C r, mass) Transmission/motor interaction Ex factory gate RPE multiple Belly pan value in HEV vs. CV Driving patterns vs. fuel savings Engine, pack life vs. driving patterns 2wd vs. 4wd Gear & final drive ratios No. of electric machines, voltage levels Battery materials, subtypes Pack size increments Benefits? Pack life = car life All electric range option Cost - $ to add kwh, kw 4

5 Constant Glider MPG Gain Approximation for the 04 Prius Showed One Year Old Estimates Were Obsolete 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% HEV MPG Gain Estimates EEA 150V EEA 300V TMC/ANL 500V EEA estimates from 2002 study for California, ANL for actual 2004 Prius Lower drag and rolling resistance (than 04 Prius) in the EEA cases EEA estimates greater increase in mass of HEV All are mid-size cars 5

6 Prius HEV MPG Gains Exceed ANL 1 For Several Reasons 2004 Prius D (add Atkinson Cycle engine effect) First U.S/ Prius C (C d C r, mass reduction, voltage increase) Combined City & Highway MPG A Parallel Full HEV Parallel Mild HEV CV Prius-like Cases B (increase motor & engine power, motor share) 2004 Toyota Camry 2.4 L with automatic MPH Acceleration Time (s) ANL 1 Estimates of HEV Fuel Economy Potential Compared to Actual Prius Results 6

7 04 Actual Consumption Drops of Full HEV & Diesel are Relatively Consistent w/ Earlier Estimates, But Better! Note: The Camrolla is a straight average of a Camry and Corolla. The Prius is exactly midway on EPA interior volume. 7

8 Civic MT Mild Hybrid is ~ Diesel, and Patterns For City vs Highway Differences are Similar, but Weak 0% City Combined Highway -10% -20% -30% -40% -50% Jetta to Diesel Civic LX to Hybrid -60% Change in Fuel Consumption Powertrain Switch with Manual Transmission 8

9 What About Cost Effectiveness to Achieve Such Fuel Use Reductions? 9

10 Among Gasoline HEVs, Minimal and Mild Hybrids With 8-9 Sec 0-60 Time Were Estimated to be Most Cost Effective e-liter (L Saved/10k km/1k $) Minimal HEV CV-Minimal HEV CV-Mild HEV CV-Full HEV CV-HEV20 CV-HEV60 Mild hybrids w fastest 0-60 times 0 ANL 1 (12s) ANL 1 (10s) EF (Rev) EPRI (Base) EPRI (Low) ADL ANL 1 (8s) Sequentially ordered HEV cost effectiveness estimates L to R = minimal to full HEV, slow to fast 0-60 Note: By ANL 1 definition, the 2004 Toyota Prius is Mild 10

11 NRC Cost-effectiveness: Only Minimal Hybridization Competes w/ High-Tech SI ICE Valve Actuation ANL 1 mild (8 sec) EF Minimal HEV Minimal Hybridization Camless valve actuation Intake valve throttling High Low Cylinder deactivation Variable valve lift and timing Variable valve timing Multivalve, overhead camshaft Source: NRC Liters saved per 10K km per $

12 At Present U.S. Sales Prices, the Prius and 2 Diesels Have Much Better e-liter Values than Study Results!! e-liter Jetta to Diesel MB E320 to Diesel Camrolla to Prius Civic LX to Hybrid 50 0 City Combined Highway Cost Effectiveness of Powertrain Switch with Automatic Transmission Note: The Camrolla is a straight average of a Camry and Corolla. The Prius is exactly midway on EPA interior volume. 12

13 A For Manual Transmissions (Rare in U.S.), Jetta Diesels are More Cost Effective, Civic Hybrids Less Jetta GL to Diesel Jetta GLS to Diesel Civic LX to Hybrid 250 e-liter City Combined Highway Cost Effectiveness of Powertrain Switch with Manual Transmission 13

14 Specific Power (w/kg) Do Not Get Too Enthusiastic About Hybrids Yet Cold Weather May Penalize Hybrids Significantly Ambient Temperature/deg. C Specific Power as Function of Ambient Temperature, Panasonic HEV Battery 14

15 Conclusion The Omission of Detailed Examination of Diesel and Hybrid Powertrains in the Recent NRC Study of Cost vs. Benefit of Technologies to Reduce Fuel Consumption Should be Corrected 15

Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies

Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies Fuel Consumption, Operational Attributes and Potential Markets for Plug-in Hybrid Technologies Presented at the Climate Policy Initiative Meeting Center for Clean Air Policy Oct. 5, 2006 Washington DC

More information

Fuel Economy Sensitivity to Vehicle Mass for Advanced Vehicle Powertrains

Fuel Economy Sensitivity to Vehicle Mass for Advanced Vehicle Powertrains 26-1-665 Sensitivity to Vehicle Mass for Advanced Vehicle Powertrains Copyright 26 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc S. Pagerit, P. Sharer, A. Rousseau Argonne National Laboratory ABSTRACT In 22, the

More information

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid- Electric Vehicle Technology

Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid- Electric Vehicle Technology NREL/PR-540-40847 Cost-Benefit Analysis of Plug-In Hybrid- Electric Vehicle Technology 22 nd International Electric Vehicle Symposium Yokohama, Japan October 25-28, 2006 Ahmad Pesaran for Andrew Simpson

More information

Engine Optimization Concepts for CVT-Hybrid Systems to Obtain the Best Performance and Fuel Efficiency. Professor Andrew A. Frank Univ.

Engine Optimization Concepts for CVT-Hybrid Systems to Obtain the Best Performance and Fuel Efficiency. Professor Andrew A. Frank Univ. Engine Optimization Concepts for CVT-Hybrid Systems to Obtain the Best Performance and Fuel Efficiency Professor Andrew A. Frank Univ. of CA-Davis Abstract: The objective of the advanced transmission system

More information

Research Report. Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on Fuel Economy for Various Vehicle Architectures

Research Report. Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on Fuel Economy for Various Vehicle Architectures Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on Fuel Economy for Various Vehicle Architectures Research Report Conducted by Ricardo Inc. for The Aluminum Association 2008-04 Impact of Vehicle Weight Reduction on

More information

Platform Engineering Applied to Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Platform Engineering Applied to Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles NREL/CP-540-41034. Posted with permission. Presented at the 2007 SAE World Congress April 16-19, 2007, Detroit, Michigan 2007-01-0292 Platform Engineering Applied to Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles Tony

More information

eassist to EREV Electrification Technologies for 2011 Micky Bly Executive Director Electrical Systems, Infotainment and Electrification

eassist to EREV Electrification Technologies for 2011 Micky Bly Executive Director Electrical Systems, Infotainment and Electrification eassist to EREV Electrification Technologies for 2011 Micky Bly Executive Director Electrical Systems, Infotainment and Electrification PETROLEUM SUPPLIES 35% OF WORLD S ENERGY 96% OF TRANSPORTATION ENERGY

More information

Engine Design, Sizing and Operation in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Engine Design, Sizing and Operation in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Engine Design, Sizing and Operation in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Mike Duoba Argonne National Laboratory Presentation at University of Wisconsin-Madison ERC 2011 Symposium June 8, 2011 Question to Engine

More information

Japan Simulation Model Overview

Japan Simulation Model Overview Japan Simulation Model Overview Simulation methods for Fuel Consumption measurement of HD and HD hybrid vehicles Hisakazu Suzuki JAPAN 1 CONTENTS 1. Overview of Fuel Consumption Measurement by Simulation

More information

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Architectures

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Architectures Hybrid Electric Vehicle Architectures Series, parallel, mild, strong, full, power-assist, one-mode, twomode.. Tom Bradley and Ken Stanton Objectives Recall the means by which HEVs improve fuel economy

More information

A REVIEW ON HYBRID VEHICLES

A REVIEW ON HYBRID VEHICLES IMPACT: International Journal of Research in Engineering & Technology (IMPACT: IJRET) ISSN(E): 2321-8843; ISSN(P): 2347-4599 Vol. 2, Issue 5, May 2014, 59-64 Impact Journals A REVIEW ON HYBRID VEHICLES

More information

48V eco-hybrid Systems

48V eco-hybrid Systems 48V eco-hybrid Systems Jean-Luc MATE Vice President Continental Engineering Services France President Automotech cluster www.continental-corporation.com Division Naming European Conference on Nanoelectronics

More information

Test Results and Modeling of the Honda Insight using ADVISOR

Test Results and Modeling of the Honda Insight using ADVISOR 21-1-2537 Test Results and Modeling of the Honda Insight using ADVISOR Kenneth J. Kelly, Matthew Zolot National Renewable Energy Laboratory Gerard Glinsky, Arthur Hieronymus Environmental Testing Corporation

More information

Energy Storage Requirements for Fuel Cell Vehicles

Energy Storage Requirements for Fuel Cell Vehicles Copyright 2004 SAE International 2004-01-1302 Energy Storage Requirements for Fuel Cell Vehicles A. Rousseau, P. Sharer, R. Ahluwalia Argonne National Laboratory ABSTRACT Because of their high efficiency

More information

Environmental Impact

Environmental Impact Environmental Impact A Hymotion plug-in charged from grid electricity of the average national blend results in a 70% or greater reduction in CO 2 emissions compared to a traditional gas-powered vehicle.

More information

Global Alternative Fuel Light Vehicle Sales Forecast. April 2010 Mike Omotoso Senior Manager, Global Powertrain

Global Alternative Fuel Light Vehicle Sales Forecast. April 2010 Mike Omotoso Senior Manager, Global Powertrain Global Alternative Fuel Light Vehicle Sales Forecast April 2010 Mike Omotoso Senior Manager, Global Powertrain CAFE facts National Standard Removes State by State Uncertainty 2011 model year: 27.3 mpg

More information

Transport Sector in India

Transport Sector in India Transport Sector in India Carbon Emissions: Technology Mitigation Options through 2030 Ankur Chaudhary Indian Institute of Technology Delhi GHG emissions from the Transport Worldwide: Sector 23% of all

More information

- Final Report - for. Technology Effectiveness Phase I: Fleet- Level Assessment (version 1.1) prepared for:

- Final Report - for. Technology Effectiveness Phase I: Fleet- Level Assessment (version 1.1) prepared for: - Final Report - for Technology Effectiveness Phase I: Fleet- Level Assessment (version 1.1) prepared for: Alliance of Automobile Manufacturers Association of Global Automakers October 19, 2015 DISCLAIMER

More information

Assessing the impact of real-world driving cycles, fuel economy and tailpipe exhaust emissions on eco-rating of passenger cars

Assessing the impact of real-world driving cycles, fuel economy and tailpipe exhaust emissions on eco-rating of passenger cars Assessing the impact of real-world driving cycles, fuel economy and tailpipe exhaust emissions on eco-rating of passenger cars Nikhil Rastogi Dr. H. Christopher Frey Department of Civil, Construction and

More information

Technology trends and developments towards 2022-25 MidTerm Review"

Technology trends and developments towards 2022-25 MidTerm Review Technology trends and developments towards 2022-25 MidTerm Review" Resources for the Future! Identifying Research Priorities for the Midterm Review! John German, Senior Fellow! International Council on

More information

Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck

Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck SAE Paper 21-1-1931 Modeling the Hybridization of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck Dominik Karbowski, Antoine Delorme, Aymeric Rousseau Argonne National Laboratory, USA SAE 21 Commercial Vehicle Engineering Congress

More information

1.8L TSI Engine: Smaller, Lighter, Turbocharged!

1.8L TSI Engine: Smaller, Lighter, Turbocharged! 1.8L TSI Engine: Smaller, Lighter, Turbocharged! When it comes to engines, smaller, lighter, and more efficient are the road signs to the future. Volkswagen launches a new turbocharged direct injection

More information

DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID.

DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID. Wien, 20.November 2014 DYNAMICS AND EFFICIENCY: THE ALL NEW BMW i8 PLUG-IN-HYBRID. CHRISTIAN LANDERL. IN A CHANGING WORLD, E-MOBILITY IS AN INTERESTING APPROACH. Environment Emissions and climate change

More information

2015 ERC Symposium Mitsuo Hitomi Mazda Motor Corporation

2015 ERC Symposium Mitsuo Hitomi Mazda Motor Corporation Mazda s Approach for Developing Engines from a Perspective of Environmental Improvement 2015 ERC Symposium Mitsuo Hitomi Mazda Motor Corporation Contents Improving thermal efficiency of ICEs Goal of SKYACTIV

More information

Chevrolet Fuel Cell Vehicle - Project Driveway Carlos Franca

Chevrolet Fuel Cell Vehicle - Project Driveway Carlos Franca Chevrolet Fuel Cell Vehicle - Project Driveway Carlos Franca Fuel Cell Vehicle Deployment Manager GM R&D Global Energy Challenge 35% of the world s energy comes from petroleum Overall demand is increasing

More information

Press Information. Porsche Cayenne

Press Information. Porsche Cayenne Press Information Porsche Cayenne Porsche Cayenne 1 Porsche Cayenne An efficient athlete for all seasons The Porsche Cayenne continues as a cornerstone of the Porsche line-up. The second gene - ration

More information

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Assessment: Methodology, Analytical Issues, and Interim Results

Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Assessment: Methodology, Analytical Issues, and Interim Results ANL/ESD/02-2 Hybrid Electric Vehicle Technology Assessment: Methodology, Analytical Issues, and Interim Results Center for Transportation Research Argonne National Laboratory Operated by The University

More information

Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development

Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development Volvo Cars, Plug-In Hybrid Concept Development The background of V60 Plug-In Hybrid Concept as presented internally at Volvo Car Corporation in May 2008 Klas Niste Project leader for Advanced Project for

More information

Powertrain Systems. From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization. Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France.

Powertrain Systems. From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization. Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France. Powertrain Systems From 12+12V to 48V: a new road map for hybridization Dr. Ing O. COPPIN - Valeo Powertrain Systems - France May - June 2016 I 1 May - June 2016 Agenda 1 2 3 Drivers for Hybridization

More information

"MPG Equivalent Economy Labels for New Electric Vehicles,"

MPG Equivalent Economy Labels for New Electric Vehicles, "MPG Equivalent Economy Labels for New Electric Vehicles," Ronald Cosby Paul Errington David Ober Department of Physics and Astronomy Ball State University Outline 1. Fuel economy ratings for 2011 Nissan

More information

CLEAN SNOWMOBILE Queen's Fuel Cell Team - SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge 2013

CLEAN SNOWMOBILE Queen's Fuel Cell Team - SAE Clean Snowmobile Challenge 2013 CLEAN SNOWMOBILE FUEL CELL INDUSTRY OTHER APPLICATIONS Produces 540- hp from fuel cells Top Speed ~ 300km/h (~188 mph) Image courtesy of: http://www.autoguide.com THE SYSTEM MOTOR AC-35 by HPEV Curtis

More information

FEV Parallel Mode Strategy

FEV Parallel Mode Strategy FEV Parallel Mode Strategy Peter Janssen MSc. Dipl.-Ing Glenn Haverkort FEV Motorentechnik As the automotive industry has to react to the global concern about climate change related to CO2 emissions and

More information

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers. Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson

SUSTAINABLE TRANSPORTATION ENERGY PATHWAYS A Research Summary for Decision Makers. Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson A Research Summary for Decision Makers Edited by Joan Ogden and Lorraine Anderson Institute of Transportation Studies University of California, Davis One Shields Avenue, Davis, California 95616 2011 by

More information

Hydraulic Hybrids from Rexroth: Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System HRB

Hydraulic Hybrids from Rexroth: Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System HRB Electric Drives and Controls Hydraulics Linear Motion and Assembly Technologies Pneumatics Service Hydraulic Hybrids from Rexroth: Hydrostatic Regenerative Braking System HRB Recover Energy Reduce Emissions

More information

Road vehicles Fuel use and emissions: standards and driving cycles. Gonçalo Duarte

Road vehicles Fuel use and emissions: standards and driving cycles. Gonçalo Duarte Road vehicles Fuel use and emissions: standards and driving cycles Gonçalo Duarte Context in road transport (LDV) CO2 Context in road transport (LDV) Pollutants Stringent rules on regulated pollutants

More information

Cleaner vehicle fleets in. Central and Eastern Europe

Cleaner vehicle fleets in. Central and Eastern Europe Cleaner vehicle fleets in Central and Eastern Europe Training for REC Country Offices Friday 19 September 2008 Regional Environmental Center for Central and Eastern Europe Szentendre, Hungary Agenda 19

More information

K. G. Duleep President, H-D Systems Presented at the Michelin Bibendum Berlin, May 2011

K. G. Duleep President, H-D Systems Presented at the Michelin Bibendum Berlin, May 2011 K. G. Duleep President, H-D Systems Presented at the Michelin Bibendum Berlin, May 2011 Light-duty vehicles have received a lot of attention in the last 10 years and GHG reduction cost is understood. Only

More information

Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency

Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-11-1 Comparison of Hybrid Fuel Cell Vehicle Technology and Fuel Efficiency May 211 Hengbing Zhao Andrew Burke Marshall Miller Institute of Transportation Studies University of

More information

Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compact Sedan and Sport Utility Vehicles.

Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compact Sedan and Sport Utility Vehicles. Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options for Compact Sedan and Sport Utility Vehicles Technical Report Comparing the Benefits and Impacts of Hybrid Electric Vehicle Options

More information

7. ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent)

7. ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent) EG-46 7. ETCS-i (Electronic System-intelligent) General The ETCS-i is used, providing excellent throttle control in all the operating ranges. In the new 3MZ-FE engine, the accelerator cable has been discontinued,

More information

ATTACHMENT 4A. Life-Cycle Analysis of Automobile Technologies

ATTACHMENT 4A. Life-Cycle Analysis of Automobile Technologies ATTACHMENT 4A Life-Cycle Analysis of Automobile Technologies Assessments of new automobile technologies that have the potential to function with higher fuel economies and lower emissions of greenhouse

More information

What will happen to vehicles without fossil fuels? By Evan Bailey age 14

What will happen to vehicles without fossil fuels? By Evan Bailey age 14 What will happen to vehicles without fossil fuels? The world is a big place. If we went everywhere on foot, then most of your holiday in Rome would be getting there, and then you would have to walk all

More information

DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS

DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS DIESEL-ELECTRIC HYBRID APPLICATIONS SUMMARY Contact Information: New Eagle 3588 Plymouth Road, #274 Phone: (734) 649-8156 Date: 19 June 2012 Phone 877.234.1410, Fax 928.395.2114 CONTENTS Introduction...

More information

ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIES

ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIES January 26, 2007 ADVANCED AUTOMOTIVE BATTERIES Menahem Anderman, PhD, President P.O. Box 1059 Oregon House, CA 95962 Tel: (530) 692 0640 www.advancedautobat.com Status and Prospects of Battery Technology

More information

DRAFT Total Cost of Ownership and Consumer Preference Modeling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles

DRAFT Total Cost of Ownership and Consumer Preference Modeling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles DRAFT Total Cost of Ownership and Consumer Preference Modeling of Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles Baha Al-Alawi and Thomas H. Bradley (Corresponding Author), Department of Mechanical Engineering, Colorado

More information

THESIS INCREASED UNDERSTANDING OF HYBRID VEHICLE DESIGN THROUGH MODELING, SIMULATION, AND OPTIMIZATION. Submitted by. Benjamin M.

THESIS INCREASED UNDERSTANDING OF HYBRID VEHICLE DESIGN THROUGH MODELING, SIMULATION, AND OPTIMIZATION. Submitted by. Benjamin M. THESIS INCREASED UNDERSTANDING OF HYBRID VEHICLE DESIGN THROUGH MODELING, SIMULATION, AND OPTIMIZATION Submitted by Benjamin M. Geller Department of Mechanical Engineering In partial fulfillment of the

More information

Plugging In: A Consumer s Guide to the Electric Vehicle

Plugging In: A Consumer s Guide to the Electric Vehicle Plugging In: A Consumer s Guide to the Electric Vehicle Today s Choices in Cars Late in 2010 the first mass-produced electric vehicles hit dealer showrooms, bringing car buyers a new, electric option.

More information

Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck

Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck 46 Development of the World s First Engine/Battery Hybrid Forklift Truck KIYOMITSU OGAWA *1 KENSUKE FUTAHASHI *2 TEPPEI TESHIMA *1 FUMIHIRO AKAHANE *3 The demand for vehicles with reduced environmental

More information

G. St. Cholakov University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria

G. St. Cholakov University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria HYBRID VEHICLES G. St. Cholakov University of Chemical Technology and Metallurgy, Sofia, Bulgaria Keywords: Alternative energy, Electric Batteries, Electric vehicles, Environmental Pollution, Flywheels,

More information

#1 Automobile Problems (answer key at end)

#1 Automobile Problems (answer key at end) #1 Automobile Problems (answer key at end) 1. A car is traveling at 60 mph and is tailgating another car at distance of only 30 ft. If the reaction time of the tailgater is 0.5 seconds (time between seeing

More information

Gasoline Technology Car II. New benchmark on fuel efficiency

Gasoline Technology Car II. New benchmark on fuel efficiency Gasoline Technology Car II New benchmark on fuel efficiency The second-generation Gasoline Technology Car demonstrates the huge potential of a mild hybrid when the 48V electrical system, the internal combustion

More information

Performance Study based on Matlab Modeling for Hybrid Electric Vehicles

Performance Study based on Matlab Modeling for Hybrid Electric Vehicles International Journal of Computer Applications (975 8887) Volume 99 No.12, August 214 Performance Study based on Matlab Modeling for Hybrid Electric Vehicles Mihai-Ovidiu Nicolaica PhD Student, Faculty

More information

Jing Sun Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI USA

Jing Sun Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI USA Automotive Powertrain Controls: Fundamentals and Frontiers Jing Sun Department of Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering University of Michigan Ann Arbor, MI USA Julie Buckland Research & Advanced Engineering

More information

ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES

ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES ELECTRIFICATION OF VEHICLE DRIVE TRAIN THE DIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING CHALLENGES A3PS Conference, Vienna Dr. Frank Beste AVL List GmbH 1 Motivation for Powertrain Electrification Global Megatrends: Urbanization

More information

Technical Service BULLETIN

Technical Service BULLETIN Technical Service BULLETIN March 29, 2002 All 96 02 EG003-02 ENGINE TSB REVISION NOTICE: The information updated in this TSB is red and underlined. Introduction Contents Applicable Vehicles Warranty Information

More information

Within-Day Recharge of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles:

Within-Day Recharge of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Within-Day Recharge of Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: Energy Impact of Public Charging Infrastructure Dr. Jing Dong and Dr. Zhenhong Lin Oak Ridge National Laboratory TRB 91 st Annual Meeting, Washington,

More information

Questions and Answers

Questions and Answers Fuel Economy Testing and Labeling 1. Why should I trust EPA s fuel economy values? The MPG estimates on the EPA/DOT Fuel Economy and Environment Label (or window sticker) are based on standardized laboratory

More information

The U.S. Automotive Market and Industry in 2025

The U.S. Automotive Market and Industry in 2025 The U.S. Automotive Market and Industry in 2025 June 2011 The statements, findings, and conclusions herein are those of the authors at the Center for Automotive Research. Table of Contents Acknowledgements...

More information

IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL MAP ENHANCED ECO-DRIVING, ECO-ROUTING AND POWERTRAIN CONTROL. Bob Denaro Vice President, ADAS

IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL MAP ENHANCED ECO-DRIVING, ECO-ROUTING AND POWERTRAIN CONTROL. Bob Denaro Vice President, ADAS IMPLEMENTATION OF DIGITAL MAP ENHANCED ECO-DRIVING, ECO-ROUTING AND POWERTRAIN CONTROL Bob Denaro Vice President, ADAS It starts with a map That s a map but we need something more like this 4 and this!

More information

Toyota commercialises its first diesel hybrid

Toyota commercialises its first diesel hybrid Toyota commercialises its first diesel hybrid Toyota Dyna is now the cleanest diesel commercial vehicle of its type In September 2003, Toyota introduced the Toyota Dyna Hybrid in Japan. This makes Dyna

More information

Wynn s Extended Care

Wynn s Extended Care Wynn s Extended Care Every car deserves to receive the very best care... especially yours. How Do You Keep Your Reliable Transportation Reliable? Count on Wynn s Because Wynn s has been caring for cars

More information

Impact of Drive Cycle Aggressiveness and Speed on HEVs Fuel Consumption Sensitivity

Impact of Drive Cycle Aggressiveness and Speed on HEVs Fuel Consumption Sensitivity 27-1-281. Impact of Drive Cycle Aggressiveness and Speed on HEVs Consumption Sensitivity P. Sharer, R. Leydier, A. Rousseau Argonne National Laboratory Copyright 27 SAE International ABSTRACT Hybrid Electric

More information

Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle

Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle Energy efficiency and fuel consumption of fuel cells powered test railway vehicle K.Ogawa, T.Yamamoto, T.Yoneyama Railway Technical Research Institute, TOKYO, JAPAN 1. Abstract For the purpose of an environmental

More information

Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles

Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles Planetary Module for Hybrid and Plug-In Hybrid vehicles FEV e-pgs, the one fits all solution? Shanghai, September 17 th 2015 P. Janssen MSc, FEV GmbH 1 Introduction 1487 Leonardo da Vinci Helicopter 1900

More information

Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2015. Executive Summary

Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2015. Executive Summary Light-Duty Automotive Technology, Carbon Dioxide Emissions, and Fuel Economy Trends: 1975 Through 2015 Executive Summary EPA-420-S-15-001 December 2015 Executive Summary IntroductIon This report is the

More information

EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF AUTOMOBILE FUEL SYSTEMS, MOST APPROPRIATE TO SRI LANKAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS

EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF AUTOMOBILE FUEL SYSTEMS, MOST APPROPRIATE TO SRI LANKAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS - 70 - EVALUATION AND COMPARISON OF AUTOMOBILE FUEL SYSTEMS, MOST APPROPRIATE TO SRI LANKAN AUTOMOBILE STANDARDS S. Abeygunasekara 1, V. P. Henry 2, G. D. D. L. A. Perera 3 1 Senior Lecturer, Faculty of

More information

MD PHEV/EV ARRA Project Data Collection and Reporting

MD PHEV/EV ARRA Project Data Collection and Reporting MD PHEV/EV ARRA Project Data Collection and Reporting DC NY KS FL OR MD VA GA MO TX IN Miles Driven in Each State CA Led by: Kevin Walkowicz With support from: Laurie Ramroth Adam Duran Ben Rosen NREL/PR-5400-53878

More information

Supercapacitors in Micro- and Mild Hybrids with Lithium Titanate Oxide Batteries: Vehicle Simulations and Laboratory Tests

Supercapacitors in Micro- and Mild Hybrids with Lithium Titanate Oxide Batteries: Vehicle Simulations and Laboratory Tests Research Report UCD-ITS-RR-15-20 Supercapacitors in Micro- and Mild Hybrids with Lithium Titanate Oxide Batteries: Vehicle Simulations and Laboratory Tests December 2015 Andrew Burke Jingyuan Zhao Institute

More information

Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) Tool User s Guide for Off-Cycle Credit Evaluation

Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) Tool User s Guide for Off-Cycle Credit Evaluation Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) Tool User s Guide for Off-Cycle Credit Evaluation Advanced Light-Duty Powertrain and Hybrid Analysis (ALPHA) Tool User s Guide for Off-Cycle Credit

More information

Green Driving Tips Regular Vehicle Servicing/ Maintenance Is Important!!!

Green Driving Tips Regular Vehicle Servicing/ Maintenance Is Important!!! Green Driving Tips As gas prices continue to rise with no end in sight, hear are a few quick tips (Courtesy of msn.com) which can help you get the most out of every gallon. No matter where you live and

More information

2006 Honda Civic-8725 Hybrid Battery Test Results

2006 Honda Civic-8725 Hybrid Battery Test Results 2006 Honda Civic-8725 Hybrid Battery Test Results HEVAMERICA U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ADVANCED VEHICLE TESTING ACTIVITY Hybrid System Specifications Battery Specifications Manufacturer: Panasonic Battery

More information

Model S 60 Purchase Comparison

Model S 60 Purchase Comparison Model S 60 Purchase Comparison Tesla S 60kWh Acura RLX BMW 535i Purchase Price 78,070 55,345 61,125 WA sales tax 0 5,258 5,807 Electricity (annual) 377 0 0 Gasoline (annual) 0 2,246 2,246 12-year total

More information

Dodge Ram Diagnostic Trouble Codes

Dodge Ram Diagnostic Trouble Codes Dodge Ram Diagnostic Trouble Codes Updated to include 2010 6.7 Cummins DTCs P0008 ENGINE POSITION SYSTEM PERFORMANCE BANK 1 P000F FUEL SYSTEM OVER PRESSURE RELIEF VALVE ACTIVATED P0016 CRANKSHAFT/CAMSHAFT

More information

The Flooded type UltraBattery for Micro-HEV Applications

The Flooded type UltraBattery for Micro-HEV Applications The Flooded type UltraBattery for Micro-HEV Applications LABAT 2014 Pre-Conference SEMINAR on Batteries for Hybrid and Start-Stop Applications 9 June 2014, Flamingo Grand Hotel, Albena, Bulgaria Jun Furukawa

More information

Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility

Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Alternative Drivetrains Volkswagen Group s Solutions for Sustainable Mobility Prof. Dr. Wolfgang Steiger Group External Relations Future Technologies 2013-10-02 E-mobil BW Technologietag Stuttgart, Germany

More information

Continuously Variable Transmission Modifications and Control for a Diesel Hybrid Electric Powertrain

Continuously Variable Transmission Modifications and Control for a Diesel Hybrid Electric Powertrain 04CVT-57 Continuously Variable Transmission Modifications and Control for a Diesel Hybrid Electric Powertrain Copyright 04 SAE International M. Pasquier Argonne National Laboratory ABSTRACT The Center

More information

Axial Flux Variable Gap Motor: Application in Vehicle Systems

Axial Flux Variable Gap Motor: Application in Vehicle Systems 22-1-188 Axial Flux Variable Gap Motor: Application in Vehicle Systems Sung Chul Oh, Justin Kern, Ted Bohn, Aymeric Rousseau, and Maxime Pasquier Argonne National Laboratory Copyright 22 Society of Automotive

More information

Calculators, Automobiles, and Climate Change

Calculators, Automobiles, and Climate Change Calculators, Automobiles, and Climate Change Activity 5 Students gather information on their family car(s) and use a web-based calculator to help them evaluate the potential for reducing CO 2 emissions

More information

Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender. The developement challenge

Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender. The developement challenge Elektrofahrzeug mit Range Extender die Entwicklungsherausforderung Electric Vehicle with Range Extender Dr. M. Korman AVL-List GmbH The developement challenge Stärkung regionaler Kooperationen in der Elektromobilität

More information

By: Kim Heroy-Rogalski, P.E. California Air Resources Board. Delhi, India April 29, 2015

By: Kim Heroy-Rogalski, P.E. California Air Resources Board. Delhi, India April 29, 2015 By: Kim Heroy-Rogalski, P.E. California Air Resources Board Delhi, India April 29, 2015 1 Heavy-Duty Truck Background Emissions Contribution Drivers for Reducing GHG and Criteria Pollutants NOx & PM Standards

More information

Current Projects: PARD HVA HEV Architectures

Current Projects: PARD HVA HEV Architectures PARD HVA HEV Architectures A Micro HEV uses a combined starter / alternator system, to enable the engine to be turned off when the vehicle stops (e.g. at traffic lights), and to restart the engine. The

More information

THE TECHNOLOGY TO REACH 60 MPG BY 2025

THE TECHNOLOGY TO REACH 60 MPG BY 2025 THE TECHNOLOGY TO REACH 60 MPG BY 2025 Putting Fuel-Saving Technology to Work to Save Oil and Cut Pollution Increasing the fuel efficiency of new cars and trucks is a critical step towards cutting America

More information

KINETIC ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM BY MEANS OF FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE

KINETIC ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM BY MEANS OF FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE ADVANCED ENGINEERING 3(2009)1, ISSN 1846-5900 KINETIC ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM BY MEANS OF FLYWHEEL ENERGY STORAGE Cibulka, J. Abstract: This paper deals with the design of Kinetic Energy Recovery Systems

More information

STRATEGY TO CONTROL THE CYLINDER DEACTIVATION

STRATEGY TO CONTROL THE CYLINDER DEACTIVATION STRATEGY TO CONTROL THE CYLINDER DEACTIVATION Deactivating cylinders reduces fuel consumption and CO 2 emissions in combustion engines without compromising on performance and comfort. A key component in

More information

Every. Innovation. ISG12. Global Heavy-Duty Engine 350-500 HP (361-373 kw)

Every. Innovation. ISG12. Global Heavy-Duty Engine 350-500 HP (361-373 kw) Every Innovation. ISG12. Global Heavy-Duty Engine 350-500 HP (361-373 kw) Use Less, Deliver More. The G Series is Cummins latest global Heavy- Duty engine platform, with the capability to meet worldwide

More information

Hybrid System Overview

Hybrid System Overview 1 Hybrid System Overview January 31, 2004 2 Chevrolet Silverado / GMC Sierra Models: Extended Cab Short Box, 2WD & 4WD Engine: VORTEC 5.3 Liter V-8 Transmission: 4-speed auto transmission Power: 295 hp

More information

DTC Database (OBD-II Trouble Codes)

DTC Database (OBD-II Trouble Codes) Auto Consulting S.a.s di Cofano A. & C. Attrezzature diagnostiche Elaborazioni elettroniche Formazione tecnica DTC Database (OBD-II Trouble Codes) Definitions for generic powertrain diagnostic trouble

More information

The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy

The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy The Volkswagen Hybrid Strategy - Hybrid Tour with MainFirst Bank 28 th March 2006 Dr. Tobias Böhm Volkswagen AG Sustainability Based Aspects in Mobility Energy Greenhouse Gases CO 2 Exhaust Emissions CO,NOx,HC,PM

More information

Analysis of fuel cell

Analysis of fuel cell Analysis of fuel cell commuter rail vehicles Stuart Hillmansen*1 1, D Meegahawatte1, C Roberts, P Jennings2, A McGordon2; 1University of Birmingham, United Kingdom, 2University of Warwick, United Kingdom

More information

H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians. Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps

H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians. Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps H2 Fuel Cell for transport applications: Automotive & Material handling skills for technicians Dr. Ir. Marc NELIS Campus Francorchamps Vehicles concerned electric ones In fact hybrid vehicles: FC + battery

More information

6. ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent)

6. ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent) EG-44 ENGE 2ZR-FE ENGE 6. ETCS-i (Electronic Throttle Control System-intelligent) General The ETCS-i is used, providing excellent throttle control in all the operating ranges. The accelerator cable has

More information

US Postal Service Alternative Fuels Program. February 22, 2006 Hilton San Diego Resort San Diego, CA

US Postal Service Alternative Fuels Program. February 22, 2006 Hilton San Diego Resort San Diego, CA US Postal Service Alternative Fuels Program February 22, 2006 Hilton San Diego Resort San Diego, CA USPS General Overview 700,000 employees 38,000 post offices 200 processing centers 36 airport mail centers

More information

Engineering at Illinois

Engineering at Illinois Emerging Hybrid and Electric Vehicles and Their Impact on Energy and Emissions P. T. Krein Director, Grainger Center for Electric Machinery and Electromechanics Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering

More information

16. Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik 2007 1

16. Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik 2007 1 16. Aachener Kolloquium Fahrzeug- und Motorentechnik 2007 1 Notwendige Fortschritte in der Antriebsstrangentwicklung zur nachhaltigen Mobilität mit Hybridtechnologie Powertrain Approach for Sustainable

More information

The Revised ISO 362 Standard for Vehicle Exterior Noise Measurement

The Revised ISO 362 Standard for Vehicle Exterior Noise Measurement The Revised Standard for Vehicle Exterior Noise Measurement Douglas B. Moore, General Motors Corporation, Milford, Michigan The International Organization for Standardization () has developed a new measurement

More information

TOYOTA ELECTRONIC CONTROL TRANSMISSION

TOYOTA ELECTRONIC CONTROL TRANSMISSION Electronic Control Transmission (ECT) The Electronic Control Transmission is an automatic transmission which uses modern electronic control technologies to control the transmission. The transmission itself,

More information

Calculation of Fuel Consumption on Hybrid Power System Driven by Two Motors Connected in Series with CVT

Calculation of Fuel Consumption on Hybrid Power System Driven by Two Motors Connected in Series with CVT Calculation of Fuel Consumption on Hybrid Power System Driven by Two Motors Connected in Series with CVT Koji SAKOTA, Kazuya OKUBO, Toru FUJII Abstract This study discussed configuration of driving system

More information

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION

DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION DESIGN AND SIMULATION OF LITHIUM- ION BATTERY THERMAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FOR MILD HYBRID VEHICLE APPLICATION Ahmed Imtiaz Uddin, Jerry Ku, Wayne State University Outline Introduction Model development Modeling

More information

US Heavy Duty Fleets - Fuel Economy

US Heavy Duty Fleets - Fuel Economy US Heavy Duty Fleets - Fuel Economy Feb. 22, 2006 Anthony Greszler Vice President Advanced Engineering VOLVO POWERTRAIN CORPORATION Drivers for FE in HD Diesel Pending oil shortage Rapid oil price increases

More information

Hymotion-Prius Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV)

Hymotion-Prius Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Hymotion-Prius Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV) Test Results Report September 2010 ecotechnology for Vehicles 1 Disclaimer notice Transport Canada's ecotechnology for Vehicles program ("etv") tests

More information