ﺮﺋﺎ ﻤﱠﻀﻟا The Arabic Pronouns

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1 ر الض م اي ر The Arabic Pronouns

2 (The Arabic Pronouns) Designed and compiled by the one in need of Allah s pardon Aboo Imraan Abdus-Saboor bin Tomas Maldonado al-mekseekee -may Allah forgive him, his family, and all of the Muslims- First Edition Copyright 2008 (PDF Conversion: Umm Kutubah Samia al-garland) [Permission is granted to all who wish to print this document for public or private use without the consent of the compiler under the grounds that such printing be done solely for educational purposes without any desire for monetary profit or gains.]

3 Introduction The following is a reference chart of the Arabic Pronouns. I wanted to compile something brief yet concise for my family to benefit from during their Arabic studies. I based this off some of the well known texts such as al-aajurroomiyyah, Qatar-un-Nadaa, and Mulhat-ul- Iraab and then simplified it using visual charts. After thorough study of this chart you will have the ability to know and understand how the Arabic pronoun works within the language. I ask that all who find benefit from this chart to make Duaa for me and ask Allah to forgive me, and to increase me in knowledge, guidance, and sustenance, indeed d He is the Noble, the Generous. Your brother in Islaam, the weak one, Aboo Imraan al-mekseekee Mk k

4 The Arabic language has twelve personal pronouns divided into three categories; 1 st Person, 2 nd Person, and 3 rd Person. They are considered nouns and stand alone: ال ضم اي ر الم ن ف ص ل ة الم ت ك ل م الم خ اط ب الغ اي ب 3 rd Person (one who is absent) He 2 nd Person (the one addressed) أن ت هو ه و 8 You (male) 3 1 st Person (the one who speaks) She, Her Those two (male or female) They (male) They (female) أن ا ن ح ن أن ت 9 ه ي You (female) You (two) male or female أن ت م ا أنتم أن ت م You all (male plural) أن ت ن هن ه ن You all (female plural) l) I We 1 2 1

5 Here are several examples showing how the pronouns are used in a sentence: We are Muslims. م س ل م أن ا ن ح ن م س ل م و ن I am a Muslim. أن ت م س ل م أن ت م ا م س ل م ان أن ت م م س ل م و ن You all are Muslims. (male) You both are Muslims. (male) You are a Muslim. (male) أن ت م س ل م ة أن ت م ا م س ل م ت ان أن ت ن م س ل م ا ت You all are Muslims. (female) You both are Muslims. (female) You are a Muslim. (female) ه و م س ل م م س ل م ان م س ل م و ن They are Muslims. (male) Those two are Muslims. (male) He is a Muslim. ه ي م س ل م ة م س ل م ت ا ن ه ن م س ل م ات They are Muslims. (female) Those two are Muslims. (female) She is a Muslim. 2

6 The Arabic languages has twelve other personal pronouns. They are considered possessive but do not stand alone. They have to be attached to a noun, verb, or particle: ال ضم اي ر الم تص ل ة His You (said to a 8 male) 3 Hers ك ك ه ه ا 9 You (said to a female) 4 Me, Mine, My 1 ي Them two (male or female) You both (said to two males or females) ن ي آ م ا 10 5 Me 1 Them (males) Them (females) You all (said to 11 a group of males) آ م You all (said to 12 a group of ن females) آ ن ه ن 6 7 Ours, Us 2 ن ا 3

7 Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to the noun: آ ت اب آ ت اب ك آ ت اب ك ك ك آ م ا آ ت اب ه آ ت اب ه ا ه ها ه ا His Book. Her Book. Your Book. Your Book. Book (noun) {note the Tanween has been removed.} آ ت اب ي ي آت ا ك آ تاب ك ما ا آ تاب ه ما ا آت ا Their Book. Your Book. My Book. آ ت اب ن ا ن ا آ ت اب ك م آ م آ ت اب Their Book. Your Book. Our Book. آ ت اب ك ن آن آ ن هن آ ت اب ه ن هن ه ن Their Book. Your Book. إس م 4

8 Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to the verb. Keep in mind that this is the past tense male conjugation doing the action on the possessive pronoun: ض ر ب ك ك ض ر ب ه He hit him. He hit you. (to a male) ض ر ب ض ر ب ك ك ض ر ب ه ا ه ها ه ا He hit her. ه ما ا ضرب He hit them both. He hit you. (to a female) He hit. (verb) ض ر ب ن ي ن ي ك ضربك ما ا He hit you both. (to male or آ م ا female) He hit me. ض ر ب ن ا ن ا ض ر ب ك م ض ر ب He hit them. He hit you all. (to a آ م group of males) ض ر ب ك ن ض ر ب ه ن هن ه ن He hit them. He hit you all. (to a group آن آ ن of females) He hit us. ف ع ل 5

9 Here are some examples when the possessive pronoun is attached to one of the particles: م ن م ن ك ك م ن ه ه From him. From you. (male) From (particle) م ي ن ن ي م ن ك ك م ن ه ا ها ه ا From her. م ن ه ما ا From them both. From you. (female) م ن ك ما ا From you both. (male or آ م ا female) From me. م نا ن ا م ن ك م م ن From them. From you all. ( a آ م group of males) م ن ك ن آن آ ن م ن ه ن هن ه ن From them. From you all. (group of females) From us. ح ر ف 6

10 End of Publication with the Assistance of Allah Most High Daar-ul-Kutub Publications Copyright 2008 Daar-ul-Kutub Publications: Encouraging the Muslim Community to learn the language of the Quraan

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